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WAC 182-502-0006

Enrollment for nonbilling individual providers.

(1) The agency pays for health care services, drugs, supplies or equipment prescribed, ordered, or referred by a health care professional only when the health care professional has one of the following approved agreements with the agency and all other conditions of payment have been met (see WAC 182-501-0050):
(a) Core provider agreement, in accordance with WAC 182-502-0005; or
(b) Nonbilling provider agreement, in accordance with subsection (4) of this section.
(2) Only a licensed health care professional whose scope of practice under their licensure includes ordering, prescribing, or referring may enroll as a nonbilling provider.
(3) Nothing in this chapter obligates the agency to enroll any health care professional who requests enrollment as a nonbilling provider.
(4) Enrollment.
(a) To enroll as a nonbilling provider with the medicaid agency, a health care professional must, on the date of application:
(i) Not already be enrolled with the medicaid agency as a billing or servicing provider;
(ii) Be currently licensed, certified, accredited, or registered according to Washington state laws and rules;
(iii) Be enrolled with medicare, when required in specific program rules;
(iv) Have current professional liability coverage, individually or as a member of a group, to the extent the health care professional is not covered by the Federal Tort Claims Act, including related rules and regulations;
(v) Have a current federal drug enforcement agency (DEA) certificate, if applicable to the profession's scope of practice;
(vi) Pass the agency's screening process, including license verifications, database checks, site visits, and criminal background checks, including fingerprint-based criminal background checks as required by 42 C.F.R. 455.434 if considered high-risk under 42 C.F.R. 455.450. The agency uses the same screening level risk categories that apply under medicare. For those provider types that are not recognized under medicare, the agency assesses the risk of fraud, waste, and abuse using similar criteria to those used in medicare;
(vii) Meet the conditions in this chapter and other chapters regulating the specific type of health care practitioner; and
(viii) Sign, without modification, a Medicaid Enrollment Application and Agreement for Nonbilling Individual Providers form (HCA 13-002). The medicaid agency and each provider signing a Medicaid Enrollment Application and Agreement for Nonbilling Individual Providers form (HCA 13-002) will hold each other harmless from a legal action based on the negligent actions or omissions of either party under the terms of this agreement.
(b) The medicaid agency does not enroll a nonbilling provider for reasons which include, but are not limited to, the following:
(i) The agency determines that:
(A) There is a quality of care issue with significant risk factors that may endanger client health and/or safety (see WAC 182-502-0030 (1)(a)); or
(B) There are risk factors that affect the credibility, honesty, or veracity of the health care practitioner (see WAC 182-502-0030 (1)(b)).
(ii) The health care professional:
(A) Is excluded from participation in medicare, medicaid or any other federally funded health care program;
(B) Has a current formal or informal pending disciplinary action, statement of charges, or the equivalent from any state or federal professional disciplinary body at the time of initial application;
(C) Has a suspended, terminated, revoked, or surrendered professional license as defined under chapter 18.130 RCW;
(D) Has a restricted, suspended, terminated, revoked, or surrendered professional license in any state;
(E) Is noncompliant with the department of health's or other state health care agency's stipulation of informal disposition, agreed order, final order, or similar licensure restriction;
(F) Is suspended or terminated by any agency within the state of Washington that arranges for the provision of health care;
(G) Fails a background check, including a fingerprint-based criminal background check, performed by the agency. See WAC 182-502-0014, except that subsection (2) of this section does not apply to nonbilling providers;
(H) Does not have sufficient liability insurance according to (a) (iv) of this subsection for the scope of practice, to the extent the health care professional is not covered by the Federal Tort Claims Act, including related rules and regulations; or
(I) Fails to meet the requirements of a site visit, as required by 42 C.F.R. 455.432.
(5) Effective date of enrollment of nonbilling provider. Enrollment of a nonbilling provider applicant is effective on the date the agency approves the nonbilling provider application.
(a) A nonbilling provider applicant may ask for an effective date earlier than the agency's approval of the nonbilling provider application by submitting a written request to the agency's chief medical officer. The request must specify the requested effective date and include an explanation justifying the earlier effective date. The chief medical officer will not authorize an effective date that is:
(i) Earlier than the effective date of any required license or certification; or
(ii) More than three hundred sixty-five days prior to the agency's approval of the nonbilling provider application.
(b) The chief medical officer or designee may approve exceptions as follows:
(i) Emergency services;
(ii) Agency-approved out-of-state services;
(iii) Medicaid provider entities that are subject to survey and certification by CMS or the state survey agency;
(iv) Retroactive client eligibility; or
(v) Other critical agency need as determined by the agency's chief medical officer or designee.
(6) Continuing requirements. To continue eligibility, a nonbilling provider must:
(a) Only order, refer, or prescribe for clients consistent with the scope of their department of health (DOH) licensure and agency program rules;
(b) Provide all services without discriminating on the grounds of race, creed, color, age, sex, sexual orientation, religion, national origin, marital status, the presence of any sensory, mental or physical handicap, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal by a person with a disability;
(c) Document that the client was informed that the provider:
(i) May bill the client for any billable item or service. The rules in WAC 182-502-0160 do not apply; and
(ii) Is enrolled with the agency for the sole purpose of ordering, prescribing, or referring items or services for clients.
(d) Inform the agency of any changes to the provider's Medicaid Enrollment Application and Agreement for Nonbilling Individual Providers form (HCA 13-002) including, but not limited to, changes in:
(i) Address or telephone number;
(ii) Business name.
(e) Retain a current professional state license, registration, certification and applicable business license for the service being provided, and update the agency of all changes;
(f) Inform the agency in writing within seven business days of receiving any informal or formal disciplinary order, decision, disciplinary action or other action(s) including, but not limited to, restrictions, limitations, conditions and suspensions resulting from the practitioner's acts, omissions, or conduct against the provider's license, registration, or certification in any state;
(g) Maintain professional liability coverage requirements, to the extent the nonbilling provider is not covered by the Federal Tort Claims Act, including related rules and regulations;
(h) Not surrender, voluntarily or involuntarily, his or her professional state license, registration, or certification in any state while under investigation by that state or due to findings by that state resulting from the practitioner's acts, omissions, or conduct;
(i) Furnish documentation or other assurances as determined by the agency in cases where a provider has an alcohol or chemical dependency problem, to adequately safeguard the health and safety of medical assistance clients that the provider:
(i) Is complying with all conditions, limitations, or restrictions to the provider's practice both public and private; and
(ii) Is receiving treatment adequate to ensure that the dependency problem will not affect the quality of the provider's practice.
(j) Submit to a revalidation process at least every five years. This process includes, but is not limited to:
(i) Updating provider information;
(ii) Submitting forms as required by the agency including, but not limited to, a new Medicaid Enrollment Application and Agreement for Nonbilling Individual Providers form (HCA 13-002); and
(iii) Passing the agency's screening process as specified in subsection (4)(a)(vi) of this section.
(k) Follow the laws and rules that govern the agency's programs. A nonbilling provider may contact the agency with questions regarding the agency's programs. However, the agency's response is based solely on the information provided to the agency's representative at the time of inquiry, and in no way exempts a nonbilling provider from this requirement.
(7) Audit or investigation.
(a) Audits or investigations may be conducted to determine compliance with the rule and regulations of the program.
(b) If an audit or investigation is initiated, the provider must retain all original records and supportive materials until the audit is completed and all issues are resolved even if the period of retention extends beyond the required six year period.
(8) Inspection; maintenance of records. For six years from the date of services, or longer if required specifically by law, the nonbilling provider must:
(a) Keep complete and accurate medical records that fully justify and disclose the extent of the services or items ordered, referred or prescribed.
(b) Make available upon request appropriate documentation, including client records, supporting material for review by the professional staff within the agency or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The nonbilling provider understands that failure to submit or failure to retain adequate documentation may result in the termination of the nonbilling provider's enrollment.
(9) Terminations.
(a) The agency may immediately terminate a nonbilling provider's agreement, and refer the nonbilling provider to the appropriate state health professions quality assurance commission for:
(i) Any of the reasons in WAC 182-502-0030 termination for cause (except that subsection (1)(a)(ix) and (b)(i) do not apply); and
(ii) Failure to comply with the requirements of subsections (4), (6), and (8) of this section.
(b) Either the agency or the provider may terminate this agreement for convenience at any time with thirty calendar days' written notification to the other.
(c) If this agreement is terminated for any reason, the agency will pay for services ordered, referred, or prescribed by the provider only through the date of termination.
(10) Termination disputes.
(a) To dispute terminations of a nonbilling provider agreement under subsection (9)(a) of this section, the dispute process in WAC 182-502-0050 applies.
(b) Nonbilling providers cannot dispute terminations under subsection (9)(b) of this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021, 41.05.160 and 42 C.F.R. 455.432. WSR 15-10-003, § 182-502-0006, filed 4/22/15, effective 5/23/15. Statutory Authority: 42 C.F.R. 455.410, RCW 41.05.021. WSR 13-19-037, § 182-502-0006, filed 9/11/13, effective 10/12/13.]
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