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PDFWAC 181-78A-232

Teacher, principal, career and technical education administrator, superintendent, and program administratorSpecific program approval domain standardCandidate knowledge, skills, and cultural responsiveness.

Knowledge, skills, and cultural responsiveness. Providers prepare candidates who demonstrate the knowledge, skills and cultural responsiveness required for the particular certificate and areas of endorsement, which reflect the state's approved standards.
(1) Providers demonstrate effective, culturally responsive pedagogy using multiple instructional methods, formats, and assessments.
(a) Qualified faculty use multiple instructional strategies, pedagogies, and assessments to address candidates' academic language ability levels and cultural and linguistic backgrounds.
(b) Providers create opportunities for faculty members and program personnel to pursue, apply, and practice ongoing professional learning to improve their knowledge, skill, effectiveness, and cultural responsiveness.
(c) Faculty within the program and the unit collaborate among one another, with content specialists, P-12 schools, members of the broader professional community, and diverse members of local communities for continuous program improvement.
(d) Faculty members and program leaders systematically and comprehensively evaluate faculty's effectiveness in teaching and learning.
(2) Providers ensure that completers demonstrate the necessary subject matter knowledge for success as educators in schools.
(a) Candidates demonstrate knowledge and competence relative to the standards related to the role adopted by the board. Providers ensure that candidates in teacher preparation programs demonstrate the most recently published InTASC Standards, candidates in principal programs demonstrate the most recently published NELP - Building Level Standards, and candidates in superintendent programs demonstrate the most recently published NELP - District Level Standards, and candidates in career and technical education educator preparation programs demonstrate and document the career and technical education standards approved by the professional educator standards board.
(b) Teacher candidates must take a board approved basic skills assessment prior to program. A provider of a teacher preparation program must assure that all candidates entering the program have successfully met the basic skills requirement under chapter 181-01 WAC at the time of admission. The provider must collect and hold evidence of candidates meeting this requirement.
(c) Teacher candidates must take a content knowledge assessment prior to beginning student teaching. The provider must collect and hold evidence of candidates meeting this requirement. Teacher candidates apply content knowledge as reflected in board approved endorsement competencies. Endorsement assessments are not required for teacher candidates in career and technical education business and industry route programs.
(d) Providers ensure that educator candidates complete a course on issues of abuse as required by RCW 28A.410.035 and WAC 181-79A-030.
(e) Under RCW 28A.410.040, a teacher candidate whose only baccalaureate degree is in early childhood education, elementary education, or special education must have completed thirty quarter credits, or the equivalent in semester credits or continuing education credit hours, in one academic field in an endorsement area under WAC 181-82A-202.
(f) Candidates for an initial certificate in a career and technical education residency teacher preparation program must complete a minimum of forty-five quarter credits, or the equivalent in semester credits or continuing education credit hours, in the specific career and technical education area for which certification is sought.
(3) Providers ensure that candidates demonstrate pedagogical knowledge and skill relative to the professional standards adopted by the board for the role for which candidates are being prepared.
(a) Candidates demonstrate knowledge and competence relative to the standards related to the role, which were adopted by the board. Providers ensure that candidates in teacher preparation programs demonstrate most recently published InTASC Standards, candidates in principal programs demonstrate most recently published NELP - Building Level Standards, candidates in superintendent programs demonstrate most recently published NELP - District Level Standards, and candidates in career and technical education educator preparation programs demonstrate and document the career and technical education standards approved by the professional educator standards board.
(b) Faculty and mentors provide regular and ongoing feedback to candidates regarding field based performance that is actionable and leads to improvement in candidates' practice.
(c) Providers demonstrate through structured observation, discussion, surveys, and/or artifacts that program completers effectively apply the professional knowledge, skills, and dispositions that the preparation program was designed to achieve.
(d) Providers ensure that teacher candidates achieve passing scores on the teacher performance assessment, also known as the pedagogy assessment, approved by the board. Teacher preparation program providers shall require that each candidate engage in a performance assessment process approved by the board. The teacher performance assessment is not required for teacher candidates in career and technical education business and industry route programs. Candidates who participated in the teacher performance assessment field trials or took the pedagogy assessment prior to January 1, 2014, may be recommended for certification by the preparation program without a passing score.
(e) Providers of career and technical educator preparation programs provide candidates all necessary guidance to document, demonstrate, and submit for approval the required hours of occupational experience.
(f) In order to ensure that teacher and principal candidates can recognize signs of emotional or behavioral distress in students and appropriately refer students for assistance and support, teacher and principal preparation program providers must incorporate the social emotional standards and benchmarks, and must provide guidance to candidates on related competencies described in RCW 28A.410.270.
(4) Providers ensure that candidates are well prepared to exhibit the knowledge and skills of culturally responsive educators.
(a) Providers offer all candidates meaningful, reflective opportunities to interact with racially and culturally diverse colleagues, faculty, P-12 practitioners, and P-12 students and families.
(b) Providers prepare candidates to adapt their practices based on students' prior experiences, cultural knowledge, and frames of reference to make learning encounters more relevant and effective.
(c) Providers ensure course work explicitly focuses on cultural responsiveness and integrates components of culturally responsive education within and throughout all courses.
(d) Faculty explicitly model equity pedagogy in course work and practica in ways that enable candidates to integrate their own cultural and linguistic backgrounds into classroom activities.
(5) Teacher candidates engage with the since time immemorial curriculum focused on history, culture, and government of American Indian peoples as prescribed in RCW 28B.10.710.
(a) There shall be a one quarter or semester course, or the equivalent in continuing education credit hours, in either Washington state history and government, or Pacific Northwest history and government in the curriculum of all teacher preparation programs.
(b) No person shall be completed from any of said programs without completing said course of study, unless otherwise determined by the Washington professional educator standards board.
(c) Any course in Washington state or Pacific Northwest history and government used to fulfill the requirement of this section shall include information on the culture, history, and government of the American Indian peoples who were the first human inhabitants of the state and the region.
(d) Teacher preparation program providers shall ensure that programs meet the requirements of this section by integrating the curriculum developed and made available free of charge by the office of the superintendent of public instruction into existing programs or courses and may modify that curriculum in order to incorporate elements that have a regionally specific focus.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 28A.410 RCW. WSR 21-08-023, § 181-78A-232, filed 3/29/21, effective 4/29/21; WSR 19-24-103, § 181-78A-232, filed 12/4/19, effective 1/4/20. Statutory Authority: Chapters 28A.410 and 28A.413 RCW. WSR 19-15-144, § 181-78A-232, filed 7/24/19, effective 8/24/19.]
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