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Chapter 182-531A WAC

Last Update: 7/30/18

APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS

WAC Sections

HTMLPDF182-531A-0100Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Purpose.
HTMLPDF182-531A-0200Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Definitions.
HTMLPDF182-531A-0300Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Threshold requirements.
HTMLPDF182-531A-0400Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Client eligibility.
HTMLPDF182-531A-0500Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Stage one: COE evaluation and order.
HTMLPDF182-531A-0600Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Stage two: Functional assessment and treatment plan development.
HTMLPDF182-531A-0700Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Stage three: Delivery of ABA services.
HTMLPDF182-531A-0800Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Provider requirements.
HTMLPDF182-531A-0900Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Covered services.
HTMLPDF182-531A-1000Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Noncovered services.
HTMLPDF182-531A-1100Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Prior authorization and recertification of ABA services.
HTMLPDF182-531A-1200Applied behavior analysis (ABA)—Services provided via telemedicine.


PDF182-531A-0100

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Purpose.

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) assists children and their families to improve the core symptoms associated with autism spectrum disorders or other developmental disabilities for which there is evidence ABA is effective, per WAC 182-501-0165. ABA services support learning, skill development, and assistance in any of the following areas or domains: Social, behavior, adaptive, motor, vocational, or cognitive.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021 and 41.05.160. WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-0100, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-0200

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Definitions.

The following definitions and those found in chapter 182-500 WAC, medical definitions, and chapter 182-531 WAC, physician-related services, apply throughout this chapter.
Applied behavior analysis or ABA - Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is an empirically validated approach to improve behavior and skills related to core impairments associated with autism and a number of other developmental disabilities. ABA involves the systematic application of scientifically validated principles of human behavior to change inappropriate behaviors. ABA uses scientific methods to reliably demonstrate that behavioral improvements are caused by the prescribed interventions. ABA's focus on social significance promotes a family-centered and whole-life approach to intervention. Common methods used include: Assessment of behavior, caregiver interviews, direct observation, and collection of data on targeted behaviors. A single-case design is used to demonstrate the relationship between the environment and behavior as a means to implement client-specific ABA therapy treatment plans with specific goals and promote lasting change. ABA also includes the implementation of a functional behavior assessment to identify environmental variables that maintain challenging behavior and allow for more effective interventions to be developed that reduce challenging behaviors and teach appropriate replacement behaviors.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) - A condition, as defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criteria.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnostic tool - A validated tool used to establish the presence (or absence) of autism and to make a definitive diagnosis which will be the basis for treatment decisions and assist in the development of a multidisciplinary clinical treatment plan. Examples of autism diagnostic tools include:
(a) Autism Diagnosis Interview (ADI); and
(b) Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS).
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screening tool - A tool used to detect ASD indicators or risk factors which then require confirmation. Examples of screening tools include, but are not limited to:
(a) Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ);
(b) Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales (CSBS);
(c) Parent's Evaluation and Developmental Status (PEDS);
(d) Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (MCHAT); and
(e) Screening Tools for Autism in Toddlers and young children (STAT).
Centers of excellence (COE) - A hospital, medical center, or other health care provider that establishes or confirms the diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder and develops the multidisciplinary clinical treatment plan and that has been designated by the agency as a center of excellence.
Client or child - For the purposes of this chapter, client or child means a person younger than twenty-one years of age and enrolled in Washington apple health (WAH).
Family member - A child's parent, guardian, caregiver, or other support person.
Qualifying diagnosis - A diagnosis of an ASD, as defined by the DSM, or other developmental disability for which there is evidence ABA is effective.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021 and 41.05.160. WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-0200, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-0300

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Threshold requirements.

The medicaid agency pays for ABA services when the services are:
(1) Covered;
(2) Medically necessary;
(3) Within the scope of the eligible client's medical care program;
(4) Provided to clients who meet the criteria in WAC 182-531A-0400;
(5) Within currently accepted standards of evidence-based medical practice;
(6) Not replicative of ABA services paid for by other state agencies using medicaid funds;
(7) Completed in the stages described in this chapter;
(8) Provided by qualified health care professionals, as described in this chapter;
(9) Authorized, as required within this chapter, chapters 182-501 and 182-502 WAC, and the agency's Applied Behavior Analysis Provider Guide; and
(10) Billed according to this chapter, chapters 182-501 and 182-502 WAC, and the agency's Applied Behavior Analysis Provider Guide.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021 and 41.05.160. WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-0300, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-0400

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Client eligibility.

To be eligible for applied behavior analysis (ABA) services, a client must:
(1) Be under twenty-one years of age;
(2) Be covered under Washington apple health (WAH);
(3) Provide documentation created by a clinician that:
(a) Establishes the presence of functional impairment; delay in communication, behavior, or social interaction; or repetitive or stereotyped behavior;
(b) Establishes that the client's impairment, delay, or behaviors adversely affect development or communication, or both, such that:
(i) The client cannot adequately participate in home, school, or community activities because the behavior or skill deficit interferes with these activities; or
(ii) The child's behavior endangers the child or another, or impedes access to home and community activities available to other children of the same age; and
(c) An agency-recognized center of excellence (COE) has confirmed that:
(i) The child meets all requirements in (a) and (b) of this subsection;
(ii) The child has a qualifying diagnosis;
(iii) There is a reasonable calculation the requested services will result in measurable improvement in either the client's behavior, skills, or both; and
(iv) Either:
(A) Less intrusive or less intensive behavioral interventions have been tried and have not been successful; or
(B) No equally effective and substantially less costly alternative is available for reducing interfering behaviors, increasing prosocial skills and behaviors, or maintaining desired behaviors.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021 and 41.05.160. WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-0400, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-0500

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Stage one: COE evaluation and order.

(1) Any person may refer a client suspected of meeting the criteria in WAC 182-531A-0400 to a center of excellence (COE) for an evaluation.
(2) The COE must complete a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation and create a multidisciplinary clinical treatment plan that includes:
(a) Documentation showing how the diagnosis was made or confirmed by a COE physician or psychologist that includes:
(i) Results of formal diagnostic procedures performed by a clinician, including name of measure, dates, and results, as available; or
(ii) Clinical findings and observations used to confirm the diagnosis;
(b) Documentation showing that the client's behaviors or skill deficits adversely affect on development or communication, or demonstrating injurious behavior, such that:
(i) The client cannot adequately participate in home, school, or community activities because behavior or skill deficit interferes with these activities; or
(ii) The client presents a safety risk to self or others;
(c) Documentation showing that, if applied behavior analysis (ABA) is included in the multidisciplinary clinical treatment plan:
(i) Less intrusive or less intensive behavioral interventions have been tried and were not successful; or
(ii) There is no equally effective alternative available for reducing interfering behaviors, increasing prosocial behaviors, or maintaining desired behaviors;
(d) Recommendations that address all of the child's health care needs;
(e) A statement that the evaluating and prescribing provider believes that there is a reasonable calculation that the requested ABA services will result in measurable improvement in the client's behavior or skills; and
(f) An order for ABA services. If ordered, a copy of the COE's comprehensive diagnostic evaluation and multidisciplinary clinical treatment plan must be forwarded to the ABA provider selected by the child's guardian under this chapter or provided to the child's guardian to forward to the selected ABA provider.
(3) The COE must also include the following items, if it possesses a copy:
(a) Results of routine developmental screening performed by the child's primary care provider at well child visits;
(b) Audiology and vision assessment results, or documentation that vision and hearing were determined to be within normal limits during assessment and not a barrier to completing a valid evaluation;
(c) The name of the completed autism screening questionnaire, including date completed and significant results;
(d) Documentation of a formal cognitive or developmental assessment performed by the COE or another qualified clinician, including name of measure, dates, results, and standardized scores providing verbal, nonverbal, and full-scale scores; and
(e) Documentation of a formal adaptive behavior assessment performed by the COE or another qualified clinician, including name of measure, dates, results, and standardized scores providing scores of each domain.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021 and 41.05.160. WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-0500, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-0600

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Stage two: Functional assessment and treatment plan development.

(1) If the center of excellence's (COE's) evaluating and prescribing provider has ordered applied behavior analysis (ABA) services, the client may begin stage two - ABA assessment, functional analysis, and ABA therapy treatment plan development.
(2) Prior to implementing the ABA therapy treatment plan, the ABA provider must receive prior authorization from the agency. The prior authorization request, including the assessment and ABA therapy treatment plan, must be received by the agency within sixty days of the family scheduling the functional assessment.
(3) The child's legal guardian selects the ABA provider and the setting in which services will be rendered. ABA services may be rendered in one of the following settings:
(a) Day services program, which mean an agency-approved, outpatient facility or clinic-based program that:
(i) Employs or contracts with a lead behavior analysis therapist (LBAT), therapy assistant, speech therapist, and if clinically indicated, an occupational therapist, physical therapist, psychologist, medical clinician, and dietitian;
(ii) Provides multidisciplinary services in a short-term day treatment program setting;
(iii) Delivers comprehensive intensive services;
(iv) Embeds early, intensive behavioral interventions in a developmentally appropriate context;
(v) Provides an individualized developmentally appropriate ABA therapy treatment plan for each child; and
(vi) Includes family support and training.
(b) Community-based program, which means a program that provides services in a natural setting, such as a school, home, office, or clinic. A community-based program:
(i) May be used after discharge from a day services program (see subsection (3)(a) of this section);
(ii) Provides a developmentally appropriate ABA therapy treatment plan for each child;
(iii) Provides ABA services in the home (wherever the child resides), office, clinic, or community setting, as required to accomplish the goals in the ABA therapy treatment plan. Examples of community settings are: A park, restaurant, child care, early childhood education, or school and must be included in the ABA therapy treatment plan with services being provided by the enrolled LBAT or therapy assistant approved to provide services via authorization;
(iv) Requires recertification of medical necessity through continued authorization; and
(v) Includes family education, support, and training.
(4) An assessment, as described in this chapter, must be conducted and an ABA therapy treatment plan developed by an LBAT in the setting chosen by the child's legal guardian. The ABA therapy treatment plan must follow the agency's ABA therapy treatment plan report template and:
(a) Be signed by the LBAT responsible for the plan development and oversight;
(b) Be applicable to the services to be rendered over the next six months, based on the LBAT's judgment, and correlate with the COE's current diagnostic evaluation (see WAC 182-531A-0500(2));
(c) Address each behavior, skill deficit, and symptom that prevents the child from adequately participating in home, school, community activities, or that presents a safety risk to the child or others;
(d) Be individualized;
(e) Be client-centered, family-focused, community-based, culturally competent, and minimally intrusive;
(f) Take into account all school or other community resources available to the client, confirm that the requested services are not redundant, but are in coordination with, other services already being provided or otherwise available, and coordinate services (e.g., from school and special education or from early intervention programs and early intervention providers) with other interventions and treatments (e.g., speech therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, family counseling, and medication management);
(g) Focus on family engagement and training;
(h) Identify and describe in detail the targeted behaviors and symptoms;
(i) Include objective, baseline measurement levels for each target behavior/symptom in terms of frequency, intensity, and duration, including use of curriculum-based measures, single-case studies, or other generally accepted assessment tools;
(j) Include a comprehensive description of treatment interventions, or type of treatment interventions, and techniques specific to each of the targeted behaviors/symptoms, (e.g., discrete trial training, reinforcement, picture exchange, communication systems) including documentation of the number of service hours, in terms of frequency and duration, for each intervention;
(k) Establish treatment goals and objective measures of progress for each intervention specified to be accomplished in the three- to six-month treatment period;
(l) Incorporate strategies for generalized learning skills;
(m) Integrate family education, goals, training, support services, and modeling and coaching family/child interaction;
(n) Incorporate strategies for coordinating treatment with school-based special education programs and community-based early intervention programs, and plan for transition through a continuum of treatments, services, and settings; and
(o) Include measurable discharge criteria and a discharge plan.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021 and 41.05.160. WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-0600, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-0700

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Stage three: Delivery of ABA services.

(1) A provider must obtain prior authorization (PA) before delivery of applied behavior analysis (ABA) services. To request PA, a provider must submit the following documents to the medicaid agency:
(a) The comprehensive diagnostic evaluation and multidisciplinary clinical treatment plan completed by the center of excellence (COE) described in this chapter;
(b) The ABA assessment and ABA therapy treatment plan described in this chapter; and
(c) Any documents required by the agency's ABA provider guide.
(2) After the services are prior authorized, the lead behavior analysis therapist (LBAT) or a therapy assistant (TA) implements the ABA therapy treatment plan in conjunction with other care team members. The LBAT is responsible for communicating and collaborating with other care team members to ensure consistent approaches to achieving treatment goals.
(3) If services are rendered by a TA, he or she must:
(a) Assess the client's response to techniques and report that response to the LBAT;
(b) Provide direct on-site services in the client's natural setting (for example, in the home, office, clinic, or community), or in the day services program;
(c) Be supervised directly by an LBAT for at least five percent of total direct care per week;
(d) Consult the LBAT if:
(i) Considering modifying a technique;
(ii) A barrier or challenge prevents implementation of the treatment plan; and
(iii) Clinically indicated.
(e) Ensure family involvement through modeling, coaching, and training to support generalization and maintenance of achieved behaviors;
(f) Document each visit with the client or family and include:
(i) Targeted behavior, interventions, response, modifications in techniques;
(ii) A plan for the next visit;
(iii) Behavior tracking sheets that record and graph data collected for each visit; and
(iv) Confirmation that each visit has occurred, recording the parent's signature and the date.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021, 41.05.160. WSR 15-19-121, § 182-531A-0700, filed 9/21/15, effective 10/22/15; WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-0700, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-0800

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Provider requirements.

Center of excellence.
(1) A center of excellence (COE) may be an entity or an individual. The COE's evaluating and prescribing providers must function as a multidisciplinary care team.
(2) The COE must employ:
(a) A person licensed under Title 18 RCW who is experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of autism spectrum disorders and is:
(i) A developmental pediatrician;
(ii) A neurologist;
(iii) A pediatric neurologist;
(iv) A pediatric psychiatrist;
(v) A psychiatrist; or
(vi) A psychologist; or
(b) A qualified medical provider who meets qualifications in subsection (3) of this section and who has been designated by the agency as a COE.
(3) The COE must be prequalified by the agency as meeting or employing people who meet the following criteria:
(a) ARNPs, physicians, and psychologists must have demonstrated expertise in diagnosing an autism spectrum disorder by:
(i) Using a validated diagnostic tool;
(ii) Confirming the diagnosis by observing the client's behavior and interviewing family members; or
(iii) Reviewing the documentation available from the client's primary care provider, individualized education plan, or individualized family service plan;
(b) ARNPs, physicians, and psychologists must understand the medically necessary use of applied behavior analysis (ABA); and
(c) ARNPs, physicians, and psychologists must be sufficiently qualified to conduct and document a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation, and develop a multidisciplinary clinical treatment plan under WAC 182-531A-0500(2).
(4) To be recognized as a COE by the agency, the provider must submit a signed COE Attestation form, HCA 13-0009, to the agency.
(5) The COE must be enrolled with the agency or the client's managed care organization to be reimbursed for services.
(6) Examples of providers who can qualify as a designated COE include:
(a) Multidisciplinary clinics;
(b) Individual qualified provider offices; and
(c) Neurodevelopmental centers.
(7) All ABA providers must meet the specified minimum qualifications and comply with applicable state laws.
Lead behavior analysis therapist.
(8) The lead behavior analysis therapist (LBAT) must:
(a) Be licensed by the department of health (DOH) to practice independently as a behavior analyst or an assistant behavior analyst with supervision from a licensed behavior analyst or licensed psychologist (see chapter 18.380 RCW) and be an eligible provider according to chapter 182-502 WAC; or
(b) Be a DOH-licensed mental health counselor, DOH-licensed marriage and family therapist, DOH-licensed independent clinical social worker, DOH-licensed advanced social worker, or DOH-licensed psychologist (see chapter 18.380 RCW). Providers listed in this subsection must have a signed Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Attestation form, HCA 13-0008, regarding certification as a board-certified behavior analyst (BCBA) or a board-certified assistant behavior analyst (BCaBA) on file with the agency.
(9) The LBAT must enroll as a servicing provider under chapter 182-502 WAC, be authorized to supervise ancillary providers, and be:
(a) A DOH-licensed behavior analyst (LBA) (see chapter 18.380 RCW); or
(b) A DOH-licensed assistant behavior analyst (LABA) (see chapter 18.380 RCW).
(10) If the LBAT's role is filled by a LABA, the responsibilities below must be fulfilled by both the LABA and the supervising LBA or licensed psychologist, as required by DOH under chapter 246-805 WAC. The LBAT must:
(a) Develop and maintain an ABA therapy treatment plan that is comprehensive, incorporating treatment provided by other health care professionals, and that states how all treatment will be coordinated; and
(b) Supervise at least five percent of the total direct care provided by the certified behavior technician per week.
Certified behavior technician.
(11) The certified behavior technician (CBT) must:
(a) Be certified by DOH as a CBT under chapter 18.380 RCW in good standing with no license restrictions; or
(b) Be a DOH-licensed mental health counselor, DOH-licensed marriage and family therapist, DOH-licensed independent clinical social worker, DOH-licensed advanced social worker, or DOH-licensed psychologist (see chapter 18.380 RCW). Providers listed in this subsection must have a signed Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Attestation form, HCA 13-0008, regarding ABA qualifications on file with the agency.
(12) The CBT must enroll as a servicing provider under chapter 182-502 WAC.
(13) The CBT must:
(a) Deliver services according to the ABA therapy treatment plan;
(b) Be supervised by a DOH-licensed professional who meets the requirements under WAC 246-805-330; and
(c) Review the client's progress with the supervisor at least every two weeks to confirm that the ABA therapy treatment plan still meets the client's needs. If changes are clinically indicated, they must be made by the supervisor.
Facility-based day program.
(14) All facility-based day program providers must meet the requirements under WAC 182-531A-0600 (3)(a), and meet the following requirements:
(a) Outpatient hospital facilities must meet the applicable DOH licensure requirements under chapter 246-320 WAC;
(b) Any provider rendering direct ABA services in the facility-based day program must meet the qualifications and applicable licensure or certification requirements as described in this subsection, as applicable;
(c) Any provider serving as a member of the multidisciplinary care team must be licensed or certified under Title 18 RCW; and
(d) Have a signed ABA Day Program Capacity Attestation form, HCA 13-0007, on file with the agency.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021 and 41.05.160. WSR 18-16-071, § 182-531A-0800, filed 7/30/18, effective 8/30/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021, 41.05.160, and 2015 c 118. WSR 18-09-036, § 182-531A-0800, filed 4/12/18, effective 5/13/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021, 41.05.160. WSR 15-19-121, § 182-531A-0800, filed 9/21/15, effective 10/22/15; WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-0800, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



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Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Covered services.

(1) The medicaid agency covers only the following applied behavior analysis (ABA) services, delivered in settings described in WAC 182-531A-0600, for eligible clients:
(a) The ABA assessments that determine the relationship between environmental events and the client's behaviors;
(b) The direct provision of ABA services by the therapy assistant (TA) or lead behavior analysis therapist (LBAT);
(c) Initial ABA assessment and development of a written, initial ABA therapy treatment plan, limited to one per year;
(d) Up to four additional ABA assessments and revisions of the initial ABA therapy treatment plan per year, if necessary to meet client's needs;
(e) Supervision of the TA;
(f) Training and evaluation of family members or caregivers to carry out the approved ABA therapy treatment plans;
(g) Observation of the client's behavior to determine the effectiveness of the approved ABA therapy treatment plan; and
(h) On-site assistance in the event of a crisis.
(2) The agency covers the following services, which may be provided in conjunction with ABA services under other agency programs:
(a) Counseling;
(b) Dietician services;
(c) Interpreter services;
(d) Occupational therapy;
(e) Physical therapy;
(f) Speech and language therapy; and
(g) Transportation services.
(3) The agency does not authorize payment of ABA services that duplicate services provided in another setting.
(4) If a provider's request for covered services exceeds limitations in this section, the agency evaluates the request under WAC 182-501-0169.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021, 41.05.160. WSR 15-19-121, § 182-531A-0900, filed 9/21/15, effective 10/22/15; WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-0900, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-1000

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Noncovered services.

The medicaid agency does not cover certain services under the applied behavior analysis (ABA) program include, but are not limited to:
(1) Autism camps;
(2) Dolphin therapy;
(3) Equine therapy or hippo therapy;
(4) Primarily educational services;
(5) Recreational therapy;
(6) Respite care;
(7) Safety monitoring services;
(8) School-based health care services or early intervention program-based services under WAC 182-531A-0600 (3)(b)(iii), unless prior authorized;
(9) Vocational rehabilitation;
(10) Life coaching; and
(11) Treatment that is unproven or investigational (for example, holding therapy, Higashi (day life therapy), auditory integration therapy).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021, 41.05.160. WSR 15-19-121, § 182-531A-1000, filed 9/21/15, effective 10/22/15; WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-1000, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-1100

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Prior authorization and recertification of ABA services.

(1) The medicaid agency requires prior authorization (PA) and recertification of the medical necessity of applied behavior analysis (ABA) services.
(2) Requirements for PA requests are described in WAC 182-531A-0700.
(3) The agency may reduce or deny services requested based on medical necessity (refer to subsection (5) of this section) when completing PA or recertification responsibilities.
(4) The following are requirements for recertification of ABA services:
(a) Continued ABA services require the agency's authorization. Authorization is granted in three-month increments, or longer at the agency's discretion;
(b) The lead behavior analysis therapist (LBAT) must request authorization for continuing services three weeks prior to the expiration date of the current authorization. A reevaluation and revised ABA therapy treatment plan documenting the client's progress and showing measurable changes in the frequency, intensity, and duration of the targeted behavior/symptoms addressed in the previously authorized ABA therapy treatment plan must be submitted with this request. Documentation must include:
(i) Projection of eventual outcome;
(ii) Assessment instruments;
(iii) Developmental markers of readiness; and
(iv) Evidence of coordination with providers.
(c) When completing recertification responsibilities, the agency may request another evaluation from the COE to obtain that provider's review and recommendation. This COE provider must review the ABA therapy treatment plan, conduct a face-to-face visit with the child, facilitate a multidisciplinary record review of the client's progress, hold a family conference, or request a second opinion before recommending continued ABA services. Services will continue pending recertification.
(d) When completing recertification responsibilities, the agency may retroactively authorize dates of service. Services will continue pending recertification.
(5) Basis for denial or reduction of services includes, but is not limited to, the following:
(a) Lack of medical necessity, for example:
(i) Failure to respond to ABA services, even after trying different ABA techniques and approaches, if applicable; or
(ii) Absence of meaningful, measurable, functional improvement changes or progress has plateaued without documentation of significant interfering events (e.g., serious physical illness, major family disruption, change of residence), if applicable. For changes to be meaningful they must be:
(A) Confirmed through data;
(B) Documented in charts and graphs;
(C) Durable over time beyond the end of the actual treatment session; and
(D) Generalizable outside of the treatment setting to the client's residence and the larger community within which the client resides; or
(b) Noncompliance as demonstrated by a pattern of failure of the family to:
(i) Keep appointments;
(ii) Attend treatment sessions;
(iii) Attend scheduled family training sessions;
(iv) Complete homework assignments; and
(v) Apply training as directed by the therapy assistant or LBAT. Absences that are reasonably justified (e.g., illness) are not considered a pattern.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021 and 41.05.160. WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-1100, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]



PDF182-531A-1200

Applied behavior analysis (ABA)Services provided via telemedicine.

Telemedicine, as defined in chapter 182-531 WAC, may be used to provide the following authorized services:
(1) Program supervision when the client is present; and
(2) Family training, which does not require the client's presence.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021, 41.05.160. WSR 15-19-121, § 182-531A-1200, filed 9/21/15, effective 10/22/15; WSR 14-24-083, § 182-531A-1200, filed 12/1/14, effective 1/1/15.]