173-304-100  <<  173-304-130 >>   173-304-190

WAC 173-304-130

Locational standards for disposal sites.

(1) Applicability. These standards apply to all new and expanded disposal sites including landfills, landspreading disposal sites, and piles and surface impoundments that are to be closed as landfills. These standards do not apply to:
(a) Existing facilities or facilities that have engaged in closure and closed before the effective date of this regulation;
(b) Interim solid waste handling sites;
(c) Energy recovery and incineration sites;
(d) Piles and surface impoundments used for storage, unless otherwise referred to in WAC 173-304-400, Solid waste handling facility standards;
(e) Utilization of sludge and other waste on land;
(f) Inert wastes and demolition wastes as defined in WAC 173-304-100 unless otherwise referred to in WAC 173-304-400, Solid waste handling facility standards; and
(g) Problem wastes, as defined in WAC 173-304-100.
(2) Locational standards. All applicable solid waste facilities shall be subject to the following locational standards:
(a) Geology. No facility shall be located over a holocene fault, in subsidence areas, or on or adjacent to geologic features which could compromise the structural integrity of the facility.
(b) Groundwater.
(i) No facility shall be located at a site where the bottom of the lowest liner is any less than ten feet above the seasonal high level of groundwater in the uppermost aquifer, or five feet when a hydraulic gradient control system or the equivalent has been installed to control groundwater fluctuations;
(ii) No landfill shall be located over a sole source aquifer; and
(iii) No facility's active area shall be located closer than one thousand feet to a down-gradient drinking water supply well, in use and existing at the time of the county's adoption of the comprehensive solid waste management plan unless the owner or operator can show that the active area is no less than ninety days travel time hydraulically to the nearest down-gradient drinking water supply well in the uppermost useable aquifer.
(c) Natural soils. See WAC 173-304-400, such as WAC 173-304-460 (3)(c)(i), landfill liners;
(d) Flooding. See WAC 173-304-400 such as WAC 173-304-460 (3)(d), landfill, floodplains;
(e) Surface water. No facility's active area shall be located within two hundred feet measured horizontally, of a stream, lake, pond, river, or salt water body, nor in any wetland nor any public land that is being used by a public water system for watershed control for municipal drinking water purposes in accordance with WAC 248-54-660(4);
(f) Slope. No facility's active area shall be located on any hill whose slope is unstable;
(g) Cover material. See WAC 173-304-400, such as WAC 173-304-460 (3)(e), landfills, closure;
(h) Capacity. See WAC 173-304-400, such as WAC 173-304-460, Landfilling standards, (for standards that vary according to capacity);
(i) Climatic factors. See WAC 173-304-400 such as WAC 173-304-460(3) landfill standards, (for standards applicable to arid climates);
(j) Land use. No facility shall be located:
(i) Within ten thousand feet of any airport runway currently used by turbojet aircraft or five thousand feet of any airport runway currently used by only piston-type aircraft unless a waiver is granted by the federal aviation administration. This requirement is only applicable where such facility is used for disposing of garbage such that a bird hazard to aircraft would be created;
(ii) In areas designated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service or the department of game as critical habitat for endangered or threatened species of plants, fish, or wildlife;
(iii) So that the active area is any closer than one hundred feet to the facility property line for land zoned as nonresidential, except that the active area may be no closer than two hundred and fifty feet to the property line of adjacent land zoned as residential existing at the time of the county's adoption of the comprehensive solid waste management plan;
(iv) So as to be at variance with any locally-adopted land use plan or zoning requirement unless otherwise provided by local law or ordinance; and
(v) So that the active area is any closer than one thousand feet to any state or national park.
(k) Toxic air emissions. See WAC 173-304-400 such as WAC 173-304-460 (2)(b), landfill performance standards.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 43.21A RCW. WSR 85-22-013 (Order 85-18), ยง 173-304-130, filed 10/28/85.]
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