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WAC 296-840-110

Specified exposure control methods.

This section applies to construction work and other occupational exposures where the task performed is indistinguishable from a construction task listed in Table 1 of this section and the task will not be performed regularly in the same environment and conditions.
(1) For each employee engaged in a task identified in Table 1 of this section, you must fully and properly implement the engineering controls, work practices, and respiratory protection specified for the task in Table 1 of this section, unless you assess and limit the exposure of the employee to respirable crystalline silica in accordance with WAC 296-840-105.
(2) When implementing the control measures specified in Table 1 of this section, you must:
(a) For tasks performed indoors or in enclosed areas, provide a means of exhaust as needed to minimize the accumulation of visible airborne dust;
(b) For tasks performed using wet methods, apply water at flow rates sufficient to minimize release of visible dust;
(c) For measures implemented that include an enclosed cab or booth, ensure that the enclosed cab or booth:
(i) Is maintained as free as practicable from settled dust;
(ii) Has door seals and closing mechanisms that work properly;
(iii) Has gaskets and seals that are in good condition and working properly;
(iv) Is under positive pressure maintained through continuous delivery of fresh air;
(v) Has intake air that is filtered through a filter that is ninety-five percent efficient in the 0.3-10.0 μm range (e.g., MERV-16 or better); and
(vi) Has heating and cooling capabilities.
(3) Where an employee performs more than one task in Table 1 of this section during the course of a shift, and the total duration of all tasks combined is more than four hours, the required respiratory protection for each task is the respiratory protection specified for more than four hours per shift. If the total duration of all tasks in Table 1 of this section combined is less than four hours, the required respiratory protection for each task is the respiratory protection specified for less than four hours per shift.
Table 1
Specified Exposure Control Methods When Working With Materials Containing Crystalline Silica
Equipment/ Task
Engineering and Work Practice Control Methods
Required Respiratory Protection and Minimum Assigned Protection Factor (APF)
≤ 4 hours/shift
> 4 hours/shift
(i) Stationary masonry saws
Use saw equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the blade.
None
None
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
(ii) Hand-held power saws (any blade diameter)
Use saw equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the blade.
 
 
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
- When used outdoors.
- When used indoors or in an enclosed area.
None
APF 10
APF 10
APF 10
(iii) Hand-held power saws for cutting fiber-cement board (with blade diameter of 8 inches or less)
For tasks performed outdoors only:
 
 
Use saw equipped with commercially available dust collection system.
None
None
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
Dust collector must provide the air flow recommended by the tool manufacturer, or greater, and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency.
 
 
(iv) Walk-behind saws
Use saw equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the blade.
 
 
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
- When used outdoors.
- When used indoors or in an enclosed area.
None
APF 10
None
APF 10
(v) Drivable saws
For tasks performed outdoors only:
 
 
 
Use saw equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the blade.
None
None
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
(vi) Rig-mounted core saws or drills
Use tool equipped with integrated water delivery system that supplies water to cutting surface.
None
None
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
(vii) Hand-held and stand-mounted drills (including impact and rotary hammer drills)
Use drill equipped with commercially available shroud or cowling with dust collection system.
None
None
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
Dust collector must provide the air flow recommended by the tool manufacturer, or greater, and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a filter-cleaning mechanism.
 
 
 
Use a HEPA-filtered vacuum when cleaning holes.
 
 
(viii) Dowel drilling rigs for concrete
For tasks performed outdoors only:
 
 
 
Use shroud around drill bit with a dust collection system. Dust collector must have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a filter-cleaning mechanism.
APF 10
APF 10
 
Use a HEPA-filtered vacuum when cleaning holes.
 
 
(ix) Vehicle-mounted drilling rigs for rock and concrete
Use dust collection system with close capture hood or shroud around drill bit with a low-flow water spray or wet the dust at the discharge point from the dust collector.
None
None
 
OR
 
 
 
Operate from within an enclosed cab and use water for dust suppression on drill bit.
None
None
(x) Jackhammers and hand-held powered chipping tools
Use tool with water delivery system that supplies a continuous stream or spray of water at the point of impact.
 
 
 
- When used outdoors.
- When used indoors or in an enclosed area.
None
APF 10
APF 10
APF 10
 
OR
 
 
 
Use tool equipped with commercially available shroud and dust collection system.
 
 
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
Dust collector must provide the air flow recommended by the tool manufacturer, or greater, and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a filter-cleaning mechanism.
 
 
 
- When used outdoors.
- When used indoors or in an enclosed area.
None
APF 10
APF 10
APF 10
(xi) Hand-held grinders for mortar removal (i.e., tuckpointing)
Use grinder equipped with commercially available shroud and dust collection system.
APF 10
APF 25
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
Dust collector must provide 25 cubic feet per minute (cfm) or greater of airflow per inch of wheel diameter and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and cyclonic preseparator or filter-cleaning mechanism.
 
 
(xii) Hand-held grinders for uses other than mortar removal
For tasks performed outdoors only:
 
 
Use grinder equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the grinding surface.
None
None
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
OR
 
 
 
Use grinder equipped with commercially available shroud and dust collection system.
 
 
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
Dust collector must provide 25 cubic feet per minute (cfm) or greater of airflow per inch of wheel diameter and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a cyclonic preseparator or filter-cleaning mechanism.
 
 
 
- When used outdoors.
- When used indoors or in an enclosed area.
None
None
None
APF 10
(xiii) Walk-behind milling machines and floor grinders
Use machine equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the cutting surface.
None
None
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
OR
 
 
 
Use machine equipped with dust collection system recommended by the manufacturer.
None
None
 
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
Dust collector must provide the air flow recommended by the manufacturer, or greater, and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a filter-cleaning mechanism.
 
 
 
When used indoors or in an enclosed area, use a HEPA-filtered vacuum to remove loose dust in between passes.
 
 
(xiv) Small drivable milling machines (less than half-lane)
Use machine equipped with supplemental water sprays designed to suppress dust. Water must be combined with a surfactant.
None
None
 
Operate and maintain machine to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
(xv) Large drivable milling machines (half-lane and larger)
For cuts of any depth on asphalt only:
None
None
Use machine equipped with exhaust ventilation on drum enclosure and supplemental water sprays designed to suppress dust.
 
 
 
Operate and maintain machine to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
For cuts of four inches in depth or less on any substrate:
None
None
 
Use machine equipped with exhaust ventilation on drum enclosure and supplemental water sprays designed to suppress dust.
 
 
 
Operate and maintain machine to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
OR
 
 
 
Use a machine equipped with supplemental water spray designed to suppress dust. Water must be combined with a surfactant.
 
 
 
Operate and maintain machine to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
(xvi) Crushing machines
Use equipment designed to deliver water spray or mist for dust suppression at crusher and other points where dust is generated (e.g., hoppers, conveyers, sieves/sizing or vibrating components, and discharge points).
None
None
 
Operate and maintain machine in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.
 
 
 
Use a ventilated booth that provides fresh, climate-controlled air to the operator, or a remote control station.
 
 
(xvii) Heavy equipment and utility vehicles used to abrade or fracture silica-containing materials (e.g., hoe-ramming, rock ripping) or used during demolition activities involving silica-containing materials
Operate equipment from within an enclosed cab.
None
None
When employees outside of the cab are engaged in the task, apply water and/or dust suppressants as necessary to minimize dust emissions.
None
None
(xviii) Heavy equipment and utility vehicles for tasks such as grading and excavating but not including: Demolishing, abrading or fracturing silica-containing materials
Apply water and/or dust suppressants as necessary to minimize dust emissions.
None
None
OR
 
 
When the equipment operator is the only employee engaged in the task, operate equipment from within an enclosed cab.
None
None
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 18-07-098, § 296-840-110, filed 3/20/18, effective 4/23/18.]
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