Beginning of Chapter  <<  28A.195.010 >>   28A.195.020

Private schoolsExemptions from student learning goals, state learning standards, and high school assessmentsMinimum requirements.

The legislature hereby recognizes that private schools should be subject only to those minimum state controls necessary to insure the health and safety of all the students in the state and to insure a sufficient basic education to meet usual graduation requirements. The state, any agency or official thereof, shall not restrict or dictate any specific educational or other programs for private schools except as hereinafter in this section provided.
The administrative or executive authority of private schools or private school districts shall file each year with the state board of education a statement certifying that the minimum requirements hereinafter set forth are being met, noting any deviations. The state board of education may request clarification or additional information. After review of the statement, the state board of education will notify schools or school districts of any concerns, deficiencies, and deviations which must be corrected. If there are any unresolved concerns, deficiencies, or deviations, the school or school district may request or the state board of education on its own initiative may grant provisional status for one year in order that the school or school district may take action to meet the requirements. The state board of education shall not require private school students to meet the student learning goals, to learn the state learning standards, or to be assessed pursuant to RCW 28A.655.070. However, private schools may choose, on a voluntary basis, to have their students learn these state learning standards or take the assessments. Minimum requirements shall be as follows:
(1) Except as provided in RCW 28A.195.040, the minimum school year for instructional purposes shall consist of no less than one hundred eighty school days or the equivalent in annual minimum instructional hour offerings, with a school-wide annual average total instructional hour offering of one thousand hours for students enrolled in grades one through twelve, and at least four hundred fifty hours for students enrolled in kindergarten.
(2) The school day shall be the same as defined in RCW 28A.150.203.
(3) All classroom teachers shall hold appropriate Washington state certification except as follows:
(a) Teachers for religious courses or courses for which no counterpart exists in public schools shall not be required to obtain a state certificate to teach those courses.
(b) In exceptional cases, people of unusual competence but without certification may teach students so long as a certified person exercises general supervision. Annual written statements shall be submitted to the state board of education reporting and explaining such circumstances.
(4) An approved private school may operate an extension program for parents, guardians, or persons having legal custody of a child to teach children in their custody. The extension program shall require at a minimum that:
(a) The parent, guardian, or custodian be under the supervision of an employee of the approved private school who is certificated under chapter 28A.410 RCW;
(b) The planning by the certificated person and the parent, guardian, or person having legal custody include objectives consistent with this subsection and subsections (1), (2), (5), (6), and (7) of this section;
(c) The certificated person spend a minimum average each month of one contact hour per week with each student under his or her supervision who is enrolled in the approved private school extension program;
(d) Each student's progress be evaluated by the certificated person; and
(e) The certificated employee shall not supervise more than thirty students enrolled in the approved private school's extension program.
(5) Appropriate measures shall be taken to safeguard all permanent records against loss or damage.
(6) The physical facilities of the school or district shall be adequate to meet the program offered by the school or district: PROVIDED, That each school building shall meet reasonable health and fire safety requirements. A residential dwelling of the parent, guardian, or custodian shall be deemed to be an adequate physical facility when a parent, guardian, or person having legal custody is instructing his or her child under subsection (4) of this section.
(7) Private school curriculum shall include instruction of the basic skills of occupational education, science, mathematics, language, social studies, history, health, reading, writing, spelling, and the development of appreciation of art and music, all in sufficient units for meeting state board of education graduation requirements.
(8) Each school or school district shall be required to maintain up-to-date policy statements related to the administration and operation of the school or school district.
All decisions of policy, philosophy, selection of books, teaching material, curriculum, except as in subsection (7) of this section provided, school rules and administration, or other matters not specifically referred to in this section, shall be the responsibility of the administration and administrators of the particular private school involved.


Effective date2021 c 8: See note following RCW 28A.195.040.
Intent2019 c 252: See note following RCW 28A.230.710.
Effective dates2018 c 177 ss 201, 202, 501-504, 507, and 701: See note following RCW 28A.150.222.
FindingIntent2018 c 177: See note following RCW 28A.305.905.
Intent2009 c 548: See RCW 28A.150.1981.
Finding2009 c 548: See note following RCW 28A.410.270.
IntentFinding2009 c 548: See note following RCW 28A.305.130.
Part headings and captions not lawEffective date2004 c 19: See notes following RCW 28A.230.090.
FindingsIntentPart headings not law1993 c 336: See notes following RCW 28A.150.210.
Findings1993 c 336: See note following RCW 28A.150.210.
FindingsPart headingsSeverability1992 c 141: See notes following RCW 28A.410.040.
Severability1985 c 441: See note following RCW 28A.225.010.
Severability1983 c 56: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [ 1983 c 56 s 18.]
Effective dateSeverability1977 ex.s. c 359: See notes following RCW 28A.150.200.
Authorization for private school students to ride busesConditions: RCW 28A.160.020.
Commencement exercisesLip reading instructionJoint purchasing, including issuing interest bearing warrantsBudgets: RCW 28A.320.080.
Home-based instruction: RCW 28A.200.010.
Immunization program, private schools as affecting: RCW 28A.210.060 through 28A.210.170.
Part-time studentsDefinedEnrollment in public schools authorized: RCW 28A.150.350.
Program of basic education, RCW 28A.195.010 as part of: RCW 28A.150.200.
Real propertySaleNotice and hearingAppraisalBroker or real estate appraiser servicesReal estate sales contractsLimitation: RCW 28A.335.120.
Surplus school property, rental, lease or use ofAuthorizedLimitations: RCW 28A.335.040.
Surplus texts and other educational aids, notice of availabilityStudent priority as to texts: RCW 28A.335.180.
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