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Chapter 46.61 RCW

RULES OF THE ROAD

RCW Sections

OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS
46.61.005Chapter refers to vehicles upon highways -- Exceptions.
46.61.015Obedience to police officers, flaggers, or firefighters -- Penalty.
46.61.020Refusal to give information to or cooperate with officer -- Penalty.
46.61.021Duty to obey law enforcement officer -- Authority of officer.
46.61.022Failure to obey officer -- Penalty.
46.61.024Attempting to elude police vehicle -- Defense -- License revocation.
46.61.025Persons riding animals or driving animal-drawn vehicles.
46.61.030Persons working on highway right-of-way -- Exceptions.
46.61.035Authorized emergency vehicles.
TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS
46.61.050Obedience to and required traffic control devices.
46.61.055Traffic control signal legend.
46.61.060Pedestrian control signals.
46.61.065Flashing signals.
46.61.070Lane-direction-control signals.
46.61.072Special traffic control signals -- Legend.
46.61.075Display of unauthorized signs, signals, or markings.
46.61.080Interference with official traffic-control devices or railroad signs or signals.
46.61.085Traffic control signals or devices upon city streets forming part of state highways -- Approval by department of transportation.
DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY --

OVERTAKING AND PASSING -- USE OF ROADWAY
46.61.100Keep right except when passing, etc.
46.61.105Passing vehicles proceeding in opposite directions.
46.61.110Overtaking on the left.
46.61.115When overtaking on the right is permitted.
46.61.120Limitations on overtaking on the left.
46.61.125Further limitations on driving to left of center of roadway.
46.61.126Pedestrians and bicyclists -- Legal duties.
46.61.130No-passing zones.
46.61.135One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands.
46.61.140Driving on roadways laned for traffic.
46.61.145Following too closely.
46.61.150Driving on divided highways.
46.61.155Restricted access.
46.61.160Restrictions on limited-access highway -- Use by bicyclists.
46.61.165High occupancy vehicle lanes -- Definition.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
46.61.180Vehicle approaching intersection.
46.61.183Nonfunctioning signal lights.
46.61.185Vehicle turning left.
46.61.190Vehicle entering stop or yield intersection.
46.61.195Arterial highways designated -- Stopping on entering.
46.61.200Stop intersections other than arterial may be designated.
46.61.202Stopping when traffic obstructed.
46.61.205Vehicle entering highway from private road or driveway.
46.61.210Operation of vehicles on approach of emergency vehicles.
46.61.212Approaching emergency zones -- Penalty -- Violation.
46.61.215Highway construction and maintenance.
46.61.220Transit vehicles.
PEDESTRIANS' RIGHTS AND DUTIES
46.61.230Pedestrians subject to traffic regulations.
46.61.235Crosswalks.
46.61.240Crossing at other than crosswalks.
46.61.245Drivers to exercise care.
46.61.250Pedestrians on roadways.
46.61.255Pedestrians soliciting rides or business.
46.61.260Driving through safety zone prohibited.
46.61.261Sidewalks, crosswalks -- Pedestrians, bicycles.
46.61.264Pedestrians yield to emergency vehicles.
46.61.266Pedestrians under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
46.61.269Passing beyond bridge or grade crossing barrier prohibited.
46.61.275Reporting of certain speed zone violations -- Subsequent law enforcement investigation.
TURNING AND STARTING AND SIGNALS

ON STOPPING AND TURNING
46.61.290Required position and method of turning at intersections.
46.61.295"U" turns.
46.61.300Starting parked vehicle.
46.61.305When signals required -- Improper use prohibited.
46.61.310Signals by hand and arm or signal lamps.
46.61.315Method of giving hand and arm signals.
SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED
46.61.340Approaching train signal.
46.61.345All vehicles must stop at certain railroad grade crossings.
46.61.350Certain vehicles must stop at all railroad grade crossings -- Exceptions -- Definition.
46.61.355Moving heavy equipment at railroad grade crossings -- Notice of intended crossing.
46.61.365Emerging from alley, driveway, or building.
46.61.370Overtaking or meeting school bus, exceptions -- Duties of bus driver -- Penalty -- Safety cameras.
46.61.371School bus stop sign violators -- Identification by vehicle owner.
46.61.372School bus stop sign violators -- Report by bus driver -- Law enforcement investigation.
46.61.375Overtaking or meeting private carrier bus -- Duties of bus driver.
46.61.380Rules for design, marking, and mode of operating school buses.
46.61.385School patrol -- Appointment -- Authority -- Finance -- Insurance.
SPEED RESTRICTIONS
46.61.400Basic rule and maximum limits.
46.61.405Decreases by secretary of transportation.
46.61.410Increases by secretary of transportation -- Maximum speed limit for trucks -- Auto stages -- Signs and notices.
46.61.415When local authorities may establish or alter maximum limits.
46.61.419Private roads -- Speed enforcement.
46.61.425Minimum speed regulation -- Passing slow moving vehicle.
46.61.427Slow-moving vehicle to pull off roadway.
46.61.428Slow-moving vehicle driving on shoulders, when.
46.61.430Authority of secretary of transportation to fix speed limits on limited access facilities exclusive -- Local regulations.
46.61.435Local authorities to provide "stop" or "yield" signs at intersections with increased speed highways -- Designated as arterials.
46.61.440Maximum speed limit when passing school or playground crosswalks -- Penalty, disposition of proceeds.
46.61.445Due care required.
46.61.450Maximum speed, weight, or size in traversing bridges, elevated structures, tunnels, underpasses -- Posting limits.
46.61.455Vehicles with solid or hollow cushion tires.
46.61.460Special speed limitation on motor-driven cycle.
46.61.465Exceeding speed limit evidence of reckless driving.
46.61.470Speed traps defined, certain types permitted -- Measured courses, speed measuring devices, timing from aircraft.
46.61.480Determination of maximum speed on nonlimited access state highways within tribal reservation boundaries.
RECKLESS DRIVING, DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE,

VEHICULAR HOMICIDE AND ASSAULT
46.61.500Reckless driving -- Penalty.
46.61.502Driving under the influence.
46.61.503Driver under twenty-one consuming alcohol or marijuana -- Penalties.
46.61.504Physical control of vehicle under the influence.
46.61.5054Alcohol violators -- Additional fee -- Distribution.
46.61.5055Alcohol and drug violators -- Penalty schedule.
46.61.5056Alcohol violators -- Information school -- Evaluation and treatment.
46.61.50571Alcohol or marijuana violators -- Mandatory appearances.
46.61.5058Alcohol violators -- Vehicle seizure and forfeiture.
46.61.506Persons under influence of intoxicating liquor or drug -- Evidence -- Tests -- Information concerning tests.
46.61.507Arrest upon driving under the influence or being in physical control of vehicle under the influence, notation required if child is present -- Arrest upon drug or alcohol-related driving offense, child protective services notified if child is present and operator is child's parent, guardian, or custodian.
46.61.508Liability of medical personnel withdrawing blood.
46.61.513Criminal history and driving record.
46.61.5151Sentences -- Intermittent fulfillment -- Restrictions.
46.61.5152Attendance at program focusing on victims.
46.61.516Qualified probation department defined.
46.61.517Refusal of test -- Admissibility as evidence.
46.61.519Alcoholic beverages -- Drinking or open container in vehicle on highway -- Exceptions.
46.61.5191Local ordinances not prohibited.
46.61.5195Disguising alcoholic beverage container.
46.61.520Vehicular homicide -- Penalty.
46.61.522Vehicular assault -- Penalty.
46.61.524Vehicular homicide, assault -- Revocation of driving privilege -- Eligibility for reinstatement.
46.61.5249Negligent driving -- First degree.
46.61.525Negligent driving -- Second degree.
46.61.526Negligent driving -- Second degree -- Vulnerable user victim -- Penalties -- Definitions.
46.61.527Roadway construction zones.
46.61.530Racing of vehicles on highways -- Reckless driving -- Exception.
46.61.535Advertising of unlawful speed -- Reckless driving.
46.61.540"Drugs," what included.
STOPPING, STANDING, AND PARKING
46.61.560Stopping, standing, or parking outside business or residence districts.
46.61.570Stopping, standing, or parking prohibited in specified places -- Reserving portion of highway prohibited.
46.61.575Additional parking regulations.
46.61.577Regulations governing parking facilities.
46.61.581Parking spaces for persons with disabilities -- Indication, access -- Failure, penalty.
46.61.582Free parking for persons with disabilities.
46.61.583Special plate or card issued by another jurisdiction.
46.61.585Winter recreational parking areas -- Special permit required.
46.61.587Winter recreational parking areas -- Penalty.
46.61.590Unattended motor vehicle -- Removal from highway.
MISCELLANEOUS RULES
46.61.600Unattended motor vehicle.
46.61.605Limitations on backing.
46.61.606Driving on sidewalk prohibited -- Exception.
46.61.608Operating motorcycles on roadways laned for traffic.
46.61.610Riding on motorcycles.
46.61.611Motorcycles -- Maximum height for handlebars.
46.61.612Riding on motorcycles -- Position of feet.
46.61.613Motorcycles -- Temporary suspension of restrictions for parades or public demonstrations.
46.61.614Riding on motorcycles -- Clinging to other vehicles.
46.61.615Obstructions to driver's view or driving mechanism.
46.61.620Opening and closing vehicle doors.
46.61.625Riding in trailers or towed vehicles.
46.61.630Coasting prohibited.
46.61.635Following fire apparatus prohibited.
46.61.640Crossing fire hose.
46.61.645Throwing materials on highway prohibited -- Removal.
46.61.655Dropping load, other materials -- Covering.
46.61.660Carrying persons or animals on outside part of vehicle.
46.61.665Embracing another while driving.
46.61.667Using a wireless communications device or hand-held mobile telephone while driving.
46.61.668Sending, reading, or writing a text message while driving.
46.61.670Driving with wheels off roadway.
46.61.675Causing or permitting vehicle to be unlawfully operated.
46.61.680Lowering passenger vehicle below legal clearance -- Penalty.
46.61.685Leaving children unattended in standing vehicle with motor running -- Penalty.
46.61.687Child passenger restraint required -- Conditions -- Exceptions -- Penalty for violation -- Dismissal -- Noncompliance not negligence -- Immunity.
46.61.6871Child passenger safety technician -- Immunity.
46.61.688Safety belts, use required -- Penalties -- Exemptions.
46.61.6885Child restraints, seatbelts -- Educational campaign.
46.61.690Violations relating to toll facilities--Exception.
46.61.700Parent or guardian shall not authorize or permit violation by a child or ward.
46.61.705Off-road motorcycles.
46.61.710Mopeds, EPAMDs, electric-assisted bicycles, motorized foot scooters -- General requirements and operation.
46.61.720Mopeds -- Safety standards.
46.61.723Medium-speed electric vehicles.
46.61.725Neighborhood electric vehicles.
46.61.730Wheelchair conveyances.
46.61.735Ferry queues -- Violations -- Exemptions.
46.61.740Theft of motor vehicle fuel.
OPERATION OF NONMOTORIZED VEHICLES
46.61.750Effect of regulations -- Penalty.
46.61.755Traffic laws apply to persons riding bicycles.
46.61.758Hand signals.
46.61.760Riding on bicycles.
46.61.765Clinging to vehicles.
46.61.770Riding on roadways and bicycle paths.
46.61.775Carrying articles.
46.61.780Lamps and other equipment on bicycles.
46.61.790Intoxicated bicyclists.
46.61.990Recodification of sections -- Organization of chapter -- Construction.
46.61.991Severability -- 1965 ex.s. c 155.

Notes:

Additional statutory assessments: RCW 3.62.090.

Limited access highways, turning, parking violations: RCW 47.52.120.

Traffic signal preemption devices, use of: RCW 46.37.670 through 46.37.675.