Chapter 296-24 WAC

Last Update: 1/23/18

GENERAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS

WAC Sections

PART A-1
PURPOSE AND SCOPE
296-24-003Subsections, subdivisions, items, subitems, and segments.
296-24-005Purpose and scope.
296-24-012Definitions applicable to all sections of this chapter.
PART A-2
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
RESERVE
Note:
Personal protective equipment requirements have been moved to WAC 296-800-160.
Note:
Electrical protective equipment requirements have been moved to WAC 296-24-980.
PART A-3
LATE NIGHT RETAIL WORKER CRIME PROTECTION
Note:
Late night retail worker crime protection has been moved to chapter 296-832 WAC.
PART A-4
SAFETY PROCEDURES
Note:
Safety procedures have been moved to chapter 296-803 WAC.
PART B-2
SAFETY COLOR CODE FOR MARKING PHYSICAL HAZARDS, ETC., WINDOW WASHING
Note:
Safety color code for marking physical hazards, etc., window washing has been moved to WAC 296-800-11045 and chapter 296-878 WAC.
PART C
MACHINERY AND MACHINE GUARDING
Note:
Machinery and machine guarding has been moved to chapter 296-806 WAC.
PART D
MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE, INCLUDING CRANES, DERRICKS, ETC., AND RIGGING
Handling and StorageCranes, Derricks, Etc.
296-24-215Materials handling and storage—Handling materials—General.
296-24-21501Use of mechanical equipment.
296-24-21509Clearance limits.
296-24-21511Rolling railroad cars.
296-24-21513Guarding.
296-24-235Overhead and gantry cranes.
296-24-23501Definitions.
296-24-23503General requirements.
296-24-23505Cabs.
296-24-23507Footwalks and ladders.
296-24-23509Stops, bumpers, rail sweeps, and guards.
296-24-23511Brakes.
296-24-23513Electric equipment.
296-24-23515Hoisting equipment.
296-24-23517Warning device.
296-24-23519Inspection.
296-24-23521Testing.
296-24-23523Maintenance.
296-24-23525Rope inspection.
296-24-23527Handling the load.
296-24-23529Operators.
296-24-23531Other requirements—General.
296-24-23533Crane and derrick suspended personnel (work) platforms.
296-24-237Construction, operation and maintenance—Chain and electric hoists.
296-24-238Air hoists.
296-24-240Crawler locomotive and truck cranes.
296-24-24001Definitions.
296-24-24003General requirements.
296-24-24005Load ratings.
296-24-24007Inspection classification.
296-24-24009Testing.
296-24-24011Maintenance procedure.
296-24-24013Rope inspection.
296-24-24015Handling the load.
296-24-24017Other requirements.
296-24-24019Operating near overhead electric power lines.
296-24-245Derricks.
296-24-24501Definitions.
296-24-24503General requirements.
296-24-24505Load ratings.
296-24-24507Inspection.
296-24-24509Testing.
296-24-24511Maintenance.
296-24-24513Rope inspection.
296-24-24515Operations of derricks.
296-24-24517Handling the load.
296-24-24519Other requirements.
296-24-293"A" frames.
296-24-294Rigging.
296-24-29401Wire rope.
296-24-29403Hemp rope.
296-24-29405Hemp and wire rope slings.
296-24-29407Guys.
296-24-29409Thimbles.
296-24-29411Blocks and falls.
296-24-29413Chains and cables.
296-24-29415Slings.
296-24-29417Definitions.
296-24-29419Safe operating practices.
296-24-29421Inspections.
296-24-29423Alloy steel chain slings.
296-24-29425Wire rope slings.
296-24-29427Metal mesh slings.
296-24-29429Natural and synthetic fiber rope slings.
296-24-29431Synthetic web slings.
PART E
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, SPRAY FINISHING
Hazardous Materials
296-24-295Compressed gases (general requirements).
296-24-29501Inspection of compressed gas cylinders.
296-24-29503Compressed gases.
296-24-29505Safety relief devices for compressed gas containers.
296-24-310Acetylene.
296-24-31001Cylinders.
296-24-31003Piped systems.
296-24-31005Generators and filling cylinders.
296-24-315Hydrogen.
296-24-31501General.
296-24-31503Gaseous hydrogen systems.
296-24-31505Liquefied hydrogen systems.
296-24-320Oxygen.
296-24-32001Scope.
296-24-32003Bulk oxygen systems.
296-24-325Nitrous oxide.
296-24-330Flammable liquids.
296-24-33001Definitions.
296-24-33003Scope.
296-24-33005Tank storage.
296-24-33007Piping, valves, and fittings.
296-24-33009Container and portable tank storage.
296-24-33011Industrial plants.
296-24-33013Bulk plants.
296-24-33015Service stations.
296-24-33017Processing plants.
296-24-33019Refineries, chemical plants, and distilleries.
296-24-370Spray finishing using flammable materials.
296-24-37001Definitions.
296-24-37003Spray booths.
296-24-37005Electrical and other sources of ignition.
296-24-37007Ventilation.
296-24-37009Flammable liquids and liquids with a flashpoint greater than 199.4°F (93°C).
296-24-37011Protection.
296-24-37013Operations and maintenance.
296-24-37015Fixed electrostatic apparatus.
296-24-37017Electrostatic hand spraying equipment.
296-24-37019Drying, curing, or fusion apparatus.
296-24-37021Automobile undercoating in garages.
296-24-37023Powder coating.
296-24-37025Organic peroxides and dual component coatings.
296-24-37027Scope.
296-24-450Chlorine cylinders used in chlorinator systems.
PART F-1
STORAGE AND HANDLING OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES
296-24-475Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gases.
296-24-47501Definitions.
296-24-47503Scope.
296-24-47505Basic rules.
296-24-47507Cylinder systems.
296-24-47509Systems utilizing containers other than DOT containers.
296-24-47511Liquefied petroleum gas as a motor fuel.
296-24-47513Storage of containers awaiting use or resale.
296-24-47517Liquefied petroleum gas service stations.
PART F-2
STORAGE AND HANDLING OF ANHYDROUS AMMONIA
Note:
Storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia has been moved to chapter 296-826 WAC.
PART G-1
MEANS OF EGRESS
296-24-55001Definitions.
296-24-56525Automatic sprinkler systems.
296-24-56527Fire alarm signaling systems.
296-24-567Employee emergency plans and fire prevention plans.
296-24-56701Appendix.
PART G-2
FIRE PROTECTION
296-24-585Fire protection.
296-24-58501Definitions applicable to fire protection.
296-24-58503Scope, application and definitions applicable.
PART G-3
FIRE SUPPRESSION EQUIPMENT
296-24-592Portable fire extinguishers.
296-24-59201Scope and application.
296-24-59212Hydrostatic testing.
296-24-59215Appendix A—Portable fire extinguishers.
296-24-602Standpipe and hose systems.
296-24-60201Scope and application.
296-24-60203Protection of standpipes.
296-24-60205Equipment.
296-24-60207Water supply.
296-24-60209Tests and maintenance.
296-24-60299Appendix A—Standpipe and hose systems.
296-24-607Automatic sprinkler systems.
296-24-60701Scope and application.
296-24-60703Exemptions.
296-24-60705General requirements.
296-24-60799Appendix A—Automatic sprinkler systems.
296-24-617Fixed extinguishing systems, general.
296-24-61701Scope and application.
296-24-61703General requirements.
296-24-61705Total flooding systems with potential health and safety hazards to employees.
296-24-61799Appendix A—Fixed extinguishing systems, general.
296-24-622Fixed extinguishing systems, dry chemical.
296-24-62201Scope and application.
296-24-62203Specific requirements.
296-24-62299Appendix A—Fixed extinguishing systems, dry chemical.
296-24-623Fixed extinguishing systems, gaseous agent.
296-24-62301Scope and application.
296-24-62303Specific requirements.
296-24-62399Appendix A—Fixed extinguishing systems, gaseous agent.
296-24-627Fixed extinguishing systems, water spray and foam.
296-24-62701Scope and application.
296-24-62703Specific requirements.
296-24-62799Appendix A—Fixed extinguishing systems, water spray and foam.
296-24-629Fire detection systems.
296-24-62901Scope and application.
296-24-62903Installation and restoration.
296-24-62905Maintenance and testing.
296-24-62907Protection of fire detectors.
296-24-62909Response time.
296-24-62911Number, location and spacing of detecting devices.
296-24-62999Appendix A—Fire detection systems.
296-24-63299Appendix B—National consensus standards.
296-24-63399Appendix C—Fire protection references for further information.
296-24-63599Appendix E—Test methods for protective clothing.
PART H-2
SAFE PRACTICES AND VENTILATION OF ABRASIVE BLASTING OPERATIONS
Note:
Safe practices and ventilation of abrasive blasting operations have been moved to chapter 296-818 WAC.
PART I
WELDING, CUTTING AND BRAZING
296-24-680Welding, cutting, and brazing.
296-24-68001Definitions.
296-24-682Installation and operation of oxygen fuel gas systems for welding and cutting.
296-24-68201General requirements.
296-24-68203Cylinders and containers.
296-24-68205Manifolding of cylinders.
296-24-68207Service piping systems.
296-24-68209Protective equipment, hose, and regulators.
296-24-68211Acetylene generators.
296-24-68213Calcium carbide storage.
296-24-68215Public exhibitions and demonstrations.
296-24-685Application, installation, and operation of arc welding and cutting equipment.
296-24-68501General.
296-24-68503Application of arc welding equipment.
296-24-68505Installation of arc welding equipment.
296-24-68507Operation and maintenance.
296-24-690Installation and operation of resistance welding equipment.
296-24-69001General.
296-24-69003Spot and seam welding machines (nonportable).
296-24-69005Portable welding machines.
296-24-69007Flash welding equipment.
296-24-69009Hazards and precautions.
296-24-69011Maintenance.
296-24-695Fire prevention and protection.
296-24-69501Basic precautions.
296-24-69503Special precautions.
296-24-69505Welding or cutting containers.
296-24-69507Confined spaces.
296-24-700Protection of employees.
296-24-70001General.
296-24-70003Eye protection.
296-24-70005Protective clothing.
296-24-70007Work in confined spaces.
296-24-715Health protection and ventilation.
296-24-71501General.
296-24-71503Ventilation for general welding and cutting.
296-24-71505Local exhaust hoods and booths.
296-24-71507Ventilation in confined spaces.
296-24-71509Fluorine compounds.
296-24-71511Zinc.
296-24-71513Lead.
296-24-71515Beryllium.
296-24-71517Cadmium.
296-24-71519Mercury.
296-24-71521Cleaning compounds.
296-24-71523Cutting of stainless steels.
296-24-71525First-aid equipment.
296-24-720Industrial applications.
296-24-72001Transmission pipeline.
296-24-72003Mechanical piping systems.
296-24-722Welding, cutting, and heating in way of preservative coatings.
PART J-1
WORKING SURFACES, GUARDING FLOORS AND WALL OPENINGS
Note:
Requirements relating to portable ladders and fixed ladders have been moved to chapter 296-876 WAC, Ladders, portable and fixed.
296-24-735Walking-working surfaces.
296-24-73501General requirements.
296-24-73505Aisles and passageways.
296-24-73507Covers and guardrails.
296-24-73511Steam pipes.
296-24-750Guarding floor and wall openings and holes.
296-24-75001Terms.
296-24-75003Protection for floor openings.
296-24-75005Protection for wall openings and holes.
296-24-75007Protection of open-sided runways.
296-24-75011Railing, toeboards, and cover specifications.
296-24-765Fixed industrial stairs.
296-24-76501Terms.
296-24-76503Application of requirements.
296-24-76507Stair strength.
296-24-76509Stair width.
296-24-76511Angle of stairway rise.
296-24-76513Stair treads.
296-24-76515Length of stairways.
296-24-76519Vertical clearance.
296-24-76521Open risers.
296-24-76523General.
296-24-76555Alternating tread-type stairs.
296-24-855Other working surfaces.
296-24-85501Dockboards (bridge plates).
296-24-85503Forging machine area.
296-24-85505Veneer machinery.
PART J-2
SCAFFOLDS
296-24-862Nonmandatory appendices.
PART J-3
POWERED PLATFORMS
Note:
Powered platforms have been moved to chapters 296-869 and 296-870 WAC.
296-24-88050Appendix C—Personal fall arrest system (Part I—Mandatory; Parts II and III—Nonmandatory).
PART K
COMPRESSED GAS AND COMPRESSED GAS EQUIPMENT
296-24-920Inspection of compressed gas cylinders.
296-24-92001Definitions.
296-24-92003General requirements.
296-24-92005Inspection of low-pressure cylinders exempt from the hydrostatic test including acetylene cylinders.
296-24-92007Low-pressure cylinders subject to hydrostatic testing.
296-24-92009High-pressure cylinders.
296-24-92011Internal inspection.
296-24-930Safety relief devices for compressed gas cylinders.
296-24-93001Definitions.
296-24-93003General requirements.
296-24-935Safety relief devices for cargo and portable tanks storing compressed gases.
296-24-93501Definitions.
296-24-93503General requirements.
296-24-940Air receivers.
296-24-94001General requirements.
296-24-94003Installation and equipment requirements.
PART L
ELECTRICAL
296-24-957Electrical.
296-24-95701Electric utilization systems.
296-24-95703General requirements.
296-24-95705Wiring design and protection.
296-24-95707Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use.
296-24-95709Specific purpose equipment and installations.
296-24-95711Hazardous (classified) locations.
296-24-95713Special systems.
296-24-95799Appendices.
296-24-960Working on or near exposed energized parts.
296-24-965Safety-related work practices.
296-24-970Training.
296-24-975Selection and use of work practices.
296-24-980Safeguards for personnel protection.
296-24-985Use of equipment.
296-24-990Definitions.
DISPOSITION OF SECTIONS FORMERLY CODIFIED IN THIS TITLE
296-24-001Foreword. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-001, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-006Equipment approval by nonstate agency or organization. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-006, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-006, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-006, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-007Incorporation of standards of national organization. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-007, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-008Incorporation of standards of federal agency. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-008, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-008, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-010Variance and procedure. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-010, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-010, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 74-27, § 296-24-010, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-010, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-010, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-015Education and first-aid standards. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-015, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-015, filed 11/13/80; Order 73-5, § 296-24-015, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-015, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-020Management's responsibility. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-020, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94; WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-020, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-020, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-020, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240 and chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 78-12-017 (Order 78-22), § 296-24-020, filed 11/13/78; Order 74-27, § 296-24-020, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-020, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-020, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-025Employee's responsibility. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-025, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-025, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-025, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-040Accident prevention programs. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-17-093, § 296-24-040, filed 8/17/99, effective 12/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-040, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240 and chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 78-12-017 (Order 78-22), § 296-24-040, filed 11/13/78; Order 74-27, § 296-24-040, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-040, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-040, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-045Safety and health committee plan. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-045, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-014 (Order 80-20), § 296-24-045, filed 11/13/80; WSR 78-12-017 (Order 78-22), § 296-24-045, filed 11/13/78.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-055Safety bulletin board. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-055, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-055, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-060First-aid training and certification. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-060, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240. WSR 81-13-053 (Order 81-9), § 296-24-060, filed 6/17/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-014 (Order 80-20), § 296-24-060, filed 11/13/80; WSR 78-12-017 (Order 78-22), § 296-24-060, filed 11/13/78; Order 74-27, § 296-24-060, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-060, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-060, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 98-06-061, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-061First-aid requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-061, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06105What workplaces does this rule apply to? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 99-02-023, § 296-24-06105, filed 12/30/98, effective 3/30/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06105, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06110What is the purpose of this rule? [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06110, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06115What definitions apply to this section? [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06115, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06120How must an employer ensure that first-aid assistance is available in the workplace? [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06120, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06125How many employees must be trained in first aid? [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06125, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06130What must first-aid training cover? [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06130, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06135How often must employees complete first-aid training? [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06135, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06140How must an employer document first-aid training? [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06140, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06145What is the requirement for first-aid supplies? [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06145, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06150What is the requirement to provide a first-aid station? [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06150, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06155APPENDIX 1 Evaluation worksheet for the first-aid response plan. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06155, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-06160APPENDIX 2—First-aid kit guidance. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 98-06-061, § 296-24-06160, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-065First-aid kit. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-065, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-065, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; Order 74-27, § 296-24-065, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-065, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-065, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 98-06-061, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-067First-aid station. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-067, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-067, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 98-06-061, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-070First-aid room. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240. WSR 81-13-053 (Order 81-9), § 296-24-070, filed 6/17/81; Order 73-5, § 296-24-070, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-070, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 98-06-061, filed 3/2/98, effective 6/1/98. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-073Safe place standards. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-073, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 85-01-022 (Order 84-24), § 296-24-073, filed 12/11/84; Order 74-27, § 296-24-073, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-073, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-073, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-075Personal protective equipment. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-075, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-075, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-07501General requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-07501, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-07501, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-07501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-07501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-078Eye and face protection. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-078, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-078, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-07801General. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17.]050 and [49.17.]060. WSR 97-11-055, § 296-24-07801, filed 5/20/97, effective 8/1/97. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-07801, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-07801, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-07801, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-081Respiratory protection. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-081, filed 5/9/73 and order 73-4, § 296-24-081, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 81-16-016 (order 81-19), filed 7/27/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-62 WAC.
296-24-08101Permissible practice. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-08101, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-08101, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 81-16-016 (Order 81-19), filed 7/27/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240.
296-24-08103Requirements for a minimal acceptable program. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.240. WSR 80-11-010 (Order 80-14), § 296-24-08103, filed 8/8/80; Order 73-5, § 296-24-08103, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-08103, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 81-16-016 (Order 81-19), filed 7/27/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240.
296-24-08105Selection of respirators. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-08105, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-08105, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 81-16-016 (Order 81-19), filed 7/27/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240.
296-24-08107Air quality. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.240. WSR 80-11-010 (Order 80-14), § 296-24-08107, filed 8/8/80; Order 73-5, § 296-24-08107, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-08107, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 81-16-016 (Order 81-19), filed 7/27/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240.
296-24-08109Use of respirators. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.240. WSR 80-11-010 (Order 80-14), § 296-24-08109, filed 8/8/80; Order 73-5, § 296-24-08109, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-08109, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 81-16-016 (Order 81-19), filed 7/27/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240.
296-24-08111Maintenance and care of respirators. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-08111, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-08111, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 81-16-016 (Order 81-19), filed 7/27/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 And 49.17.240.
296-24-08113Identification of gas mask canisters. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-08113, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-08113, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 81-16-016 (Order 81-19), filed 7/27/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240.
296-24-084Occupational head protection. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17.]050 and [49.17.]060. WSR 97-11-055, § 296-24-084, filed 5/20/97, effective 8/1/97. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 96-09-030, § 296-24-084, filed 4/10/96, effective 6/1/96; WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-084, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94; WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-084, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; Order 74-27, § 296-24-084, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-084, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-084, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-086Personal flotation devices. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-086, filed 3/1/76.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-088Occupational foot protection. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17.]050 and [49.17.]060. WSR 97-11-055, § 296-24-088, filed 5/20/97, effective 8/1/97. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-088, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94; WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-088, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-088, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-088, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-090Hand protection. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-090, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-092Electrical protective equipment. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 96-09-030, § 296-24-092, filed 4/10/96, effective 6/1/96; WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-092, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-092, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-092, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-094Lighting and illumination. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-094, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-096Appendix A to Part A-2—References for further information (nonmandatory). [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-096, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-098Appendix B to Part A-2—Nonmandatory compliance guidelines for hazard assessment and personal protective equipment selection. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-20-057 (Order 94-16), § 296-24-098, filed 9/30/94, effective 11/20/94.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-102Scope and application. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-102, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90.] Repealed by WSR 02-16-087, filed 8/7/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-832 WAC.
296-24-10203General requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-10203, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-10203, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90.] Repealed by WSR 02-16-087, filed 8/7/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-832 WAC.
296-24-110The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout). [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-110, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-11001Scope, application, and purpose. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-06-068 (Order 93-17), § 296-24-11001, filed 3/2/94, effective 3/1/95. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-11001, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/8/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-11001, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-11001, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-11003Definitions applicable to this part. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 93-19-142 (Order 93-04), § 296-24-11003, filed 9/22/93, effective 11/1/93. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-11003, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/08/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-11003, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-11003, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-11005General. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-11005, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/8/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-11005, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-11005, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-11007Application of control. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-11007, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/8/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-11007, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-11007, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-11009Release from lockout or tagout. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-11009, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/8/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-11009, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-11009, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-11011Additional requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-11011, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/8/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-11011, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-11011, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-11013Reserved. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-11013, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/8/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-11013, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-11013, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-11015Reserved. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-11015, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/8/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-11015, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-11015, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-11017Reserved. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-11017, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/8/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-11017, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-11017, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-119Appendices. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW and RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 92-22-067 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-119, filed 10/30/92, effective 12/8/92. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-119, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; WSR 90-20-091 (Order 90-14), § 296-24-119, filed 10/1/90, effective 11/15/90.] Repealed by WSR 04-15-105, filed 7/20/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-120Sanitation. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 03-18-090, § 296-24-120, filed 9/2/03, effective 11/1/03; Order 73-5, § 296-24-120, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-120, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-07-161, filed 3/23/04, effective 6/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-12001Scope. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-12001, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 95-22-015, § 296-24-12001, filed 10/20/95, effective 1/16/96. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-06-068 (Order 93-17), § 296-24-12001, filed 3/2/94, effective 3/1/95; Order 74-27, § 296-24-12001, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-18-090, filed 9/2/03, effective 11/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-800 WAC.
296-24-12002Definitions. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-17-094, § 296-24-12002, filed 8/17/99, effective 12/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-11-070 (Order 91-01), § 296-24-12002, filed 5/20/91, effective 6/20/91; Order 74-27, § 296-24-12002, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 03-18-090, filed 9/2/03, effective 11/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-800 WAC.
296-24-12003General requirements. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-12003, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-12005Water supply. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), § 296-24-12005, filed 6/11/82; Order 74-27, § 296-24-12005, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-12007Toilet facilities. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-12007, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-12007, filed 12/24/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-12007, filed 11/13/80; Order 74-27, § 296-24-12007, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-12009Washing facilities. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-12009, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-12009, filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-12009, filed 11/13/80; Order 74-27, § 296-24-12009, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-12010Showers. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-12010, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01.] Repealed by WSR 03-18-090, filed 9/2/03, effective 11/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-800 WAC.
296-24-12011Change rooms. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-12011, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-18-090, filed 9/2/03, effective 11/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-800 WAC.
296-24-12013Lunchrooms. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-12013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12013, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by Order 74-27, filed 5/7/74.
296-24-12015Food handling. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-12015, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12015, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by Order 74-27, filed 5/7/74.
296-24-12017Consumption of food and beverages on the premises. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-12017, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-27, § 296-24-12017, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 03-18-090, filed 9/2/03, effective 11/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-800 WAC.
296-24-12019Waste disposal. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-12019, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-12021Vermin control. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-12021, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-125Temporary labor camps. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-125, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-125, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12501What requirements apply to camp sites? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12501, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12503How must camp shelters be constructed? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12503, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12504What electricity must be provided for temporary labor camps? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12504, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12505What requirements apply to the water supply? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12505, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12507Must an employer provide toilet facilities for the camp? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12507, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12509Must sewer lines connect to public sewers? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12509, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12511What facilities must an employer provide for laundry, handwashing, and bathing? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12511, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-12511, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12511, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12513What lighting must an employer provide for camp buildings? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12513, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12513, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12515What requirements apply to refuse disposal? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12515, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12517What cooking and food-handling facilities must be provided in temporary labor camps? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12517, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12517, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12519Must an employer provide insect and rodent control? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12519, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12519, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12519, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12521What first-aid facilities must be available in the camp? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12521, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12521, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12521, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-12523When must an employer report communicable diseases in a camp? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 98-24-096, § 296-24-12523, filed 12/1/98, effective 3/1/99; Order 73-5, § 296-24-12523, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-12523, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-23-073, filed 11/19/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.[17.]040, 49.[17.]050, and 49.[17.]060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-833 WAC.
296-24-130Nonwater carriage disposal systems. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-130, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-130, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 And 49.17.050.
296-24-13001Acceptable industrial disposal systems. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-13001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-13001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-13003Privy specifications. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-13003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-13003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-13005Chemical toilet specifications. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-13005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-13005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-13007Seepage pit construction. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-13007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-13007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-13009Combustion toilet. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-13009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-13009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-13011Recirculating toilet specifications. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-13011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-13011, filed 5/9/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-13013Portable toilet construction. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-13013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-13013, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-135Safety color code for marking physical hazards. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-135, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-135, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-18-080, filed 8/31/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-13501Color identification. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 95-22-015, § 296-24-13501, filed 10/20/95, effective 1/16/96. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), § 296-24-13501, filed 6/11/82; Order 73-5, § 296-24-13501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-13501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-18-080, filed 8/31/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-13503Color specifications. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-13503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-13503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 83-15-017 (Order 83-19), filed 7/13/83, effective 9/12/83. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-140Specifications for accident prevention signs and tags. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-140, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-140, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-18-080, filed 8/31/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-14001Scope. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050. WSR 02-12-098, § 296-24-14001, filed 6/5/02, effective 8/1/02; Order 76-6, § 296-24-14001, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-14001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-18-080, filed 8/31/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-14003Definitions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-14003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-18-080, filed 8/31/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-14005Classification of signs according to use. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-14005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-18-080, filed 8/31/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-14007Sign design and colors. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-14007, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), § 296-24-14007, filed 6/11/82; Order 73-5, § 296-24-14007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-18-080, filed 8/31/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-14009Sign wordings. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-14009, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-14009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-18-080, filed 8/31/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-14011Accident prevention tags. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 95-22-015, § 296-24-14011, filed 10/20/95, effective 1/16/96. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-14011, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 94-06-068 (Order 93-17), § 296-24-14011, filed 3/2/94, effective 3/1/95. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.050(2) and 49.14.040 [49.17.040]. WSR 87-07-022 (Order 87-01), § 296-24-14011, filed 3/12/87; Order 76-6, § 296-24-14011, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-14011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-18-080, filed 8/31/04, effective 11/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-145Window washing. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-145, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-145, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14501Definitions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-14501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14503Application. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-14503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14505Protection of persons engaged at window cleaning. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-14505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14507General. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-14507, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-14507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14509Belt terminals, anchors and bolts. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-14509, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-14509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14509 filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14511Belts. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-14511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14511, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14513Anchor installations. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-14513, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-14513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14513, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14515Reversible and pivot windows. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-14515, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-14515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14517Ladders. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-14517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14517, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-14519Boatswain's chairs. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-14519, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-14519, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-14519, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-14519, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-22-027, filed 10/28/02, effective 1/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-878 WAC.
296-24-150Machinery and machine guarding—General requirements for all machines—Scope and application. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-150, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-150, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 74-27, § 296-24-150, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-150, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-150, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-15001Machine guarding. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-15001, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-15001, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-15001, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-15001, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 74-27, § 296-24-15001, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-15001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-15001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-15003Anchoring fixed machinery. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-15003, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; Order 73-5, § 296-24-15003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-15003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-15005Means to prevent slipping. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-15005, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-15005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-15005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-15007Machines shall be stopped when making repairs. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-15007, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-15009Counterweights. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-15009, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-165Fixed and portable power tool requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-165, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 83-15-017 (Order 83-19), § 296-24-165, filed 7/13/83, effective 9/12/83; Order 76-6, § 296-24-165, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-165, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-165, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16501Definitions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-16501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16503Machine construction general. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-16503, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 83-15-017 (Order 83-19), § 296-24-16503, filed 7/13/83, effective 9/12/83; WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), § 296-24-16503, filed 6/11/82; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16505Machine controls and equipment. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-16505, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16507Hand-fed ripsaws. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-16507, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16509Hand-fed crosscut table saws. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-16509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16511Circular resaws. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-16511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16511, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16513Self-feed circular saws. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 83-15-017 (Order 83-19), § 296-24-16513, filed 7/13/83, effective 9/12/83; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16513, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16515Swing cutoff saws. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-16515, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16517Radial saws. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-16517, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-16517, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16517, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16519Bandsaws and band resaws. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-16519, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16519, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16521Jointers. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 83-15-017 (Order 83-19), § 296-24-16521, filed 7/13/83, effective 9/12/83; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16521, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16521, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16523Tenoning machines. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-16523, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16523, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16523, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16525Boring and mortising machines. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-16525, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16525, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16527Shapers and similar equipment. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 83-15-017 (Order 83-19), § 296-24-16527, filed 7/13/83, effective 9/12/83; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16527, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16527, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16529Planing, molding, sticking, and matching machines. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-16529, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16529, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16531Profile and swing-head lathes and heel turning machine. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-16531, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 83-15-017 (Order 83-19), § 296-24-16531, filed 7/13/83, effective 9/12/83; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16531, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16531, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16533Sanding machines. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-16533, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16533, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16535Veneer cutters and wringers. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-16535, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16535, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16537Miscellaneous machines. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 83-15-017 (Order 83-19), § 296-24-16537, filed 7/13/83, effective 9/12/83; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16537, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16537, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-16539Inspection and maintenance of machinery. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-16539, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 83-15-017 (Order 83-19), § 296-24-16539, filed 7/13/83, effective 9/12/83; WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), § 296-24-16539, filed 6/11/82; Order 73-5, § 296-24-16539, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-16539, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-170Cooperage machinery. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-170, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-170, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17001Definitions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17003Heading bolt sawing machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17005Bolt, equalizer, stave, and heading saws (tilting table style). [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17007Barrel stave saws (cylindrical saws). [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17009Hand-fed ripsaws. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17011Self-feed stave and heading equalizer saws. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17013Stave and heading planers (single and double heads). [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17013, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17015Stave jointing machines (wheel). [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17015, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17015, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17017Heading jointer and doweler machine (wheel). [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17017, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17017, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17019Heading rounder. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17019, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17019, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17021Power windlass machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17021, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17021, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17023Crozing machine (stationary heads). [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17023, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17023, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17025Heading-up machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17025, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17025, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17027Head charring machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17027, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17027, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17029Bilge truss hoop ring removing machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17029, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17029, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17031Hoop elevators and conveyors. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17031, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17031, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17033Barrel sanding machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17033, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17033, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17035Hoop drivers and trussers. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17035, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17035, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17037Head sanding machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17037, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17037, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17039Hand jointer. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17039, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17039, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17041Hoop punching and coiling machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17041, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17041, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17043Hoop riveting machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17043, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17043, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17045Hoop flaring and expanding machine. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17045, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-17045, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (Order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-17047Inspection and maintenance of cooperage machinery. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-17047, filed 5/9/73 and order 73-4, § 296-24-17047, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 82-13-045 (order 82-22), filed 6/11/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-180Abrasive wheel machinery. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-180, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-180, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-18001Definitions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-18001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-18001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-18003General requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-18003, filed 5/9/73; Order 73-4, § 296-24-18003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-18005Guarding of abrasive wheel machinery. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 98-02-028, § 296-24-18005, filed 12/31/97, effective 1/31/98; Order 76-6, § 296-24-18005, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-18005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-18005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-18007Flanges. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-18007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-18007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-18009Mounting. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-18009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-18009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-190Mills and calenders in the rubber and plastics industries. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-190, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-190, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19001Definitions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-19001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19003General requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-19003, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 85-10-004 (Order 85-09), § 296-24-19003, filed 4/19/85; Order 76-6, § 296-24-19003, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-19003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19005Mill safety controls. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-19005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19007Calender safety controls. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-19007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19009Protection by location. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-19009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19011Trip and emergency switches. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-19011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19013Stopping limits. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-19013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19013, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19015Alarm. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-19015, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19015, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-195Mechanical power presses. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-195, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 76-6, § 296-24-195, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-195, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-195, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19501Definitions. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 95-17-036, § 296-24-19501, filed 8/9/95, effective 9/25/95. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-19501, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-19501, filed 11/14/88; Order 76-6, § 296-24-19501, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-19501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19503General requirements. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-19503, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-19503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19505Mechanical power press guarding and construction, general. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-19505, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; Order 76-6, § 296-24-19505, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-27, § 296-24-19505, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-19505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19507Safeguarding the point of operation. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-19507, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-19507, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-19507, filed 11/13/80; Order 76-6, § 296-24-19507, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-19507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19509Design, construction, setting and feeding of dies. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-19509, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-19509, filed 12/24/81; Order 76-6, § 296-24-19509, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-19509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19511Inspection, maintenance and modification of presses. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-19511, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-19511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19511, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19513Operation of power presses. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-19513, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-6, § 296-24-19513, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-19513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-19513, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19514Reports of injuries to employees operating mechanical power presses. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 95-17-036, § 296-24-19514, filed 8/9/95, effective 9/25/95.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-19515Reports of point of operation injuries—Mechanical power presses. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-19515, filed 3/1/76.] Repealed by WSR 88-14-108 (Order 88-11), filed 7/6/88. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-19517Presence sensing device initiation (PSDI). [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 95-17-036, § 296-24-19517, filed 8/9/95, effective 9/25/95. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-19517, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 92-17-022 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-19517, filed 8/10/92, effective 9/10/92; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-19517, filed 11/14/88.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-197Compactors. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-197, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-200Forging machines. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-200, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; Order 73-5, § 296-24-200, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-200, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20001Definitions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20003General requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-20003, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-6, § 296-24-20003, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20005Hammers, general. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20007Presses. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20009Power-driven hammers. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20011Gravity hammers. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20013Forging presses. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20013, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20015Trimming presses. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20015, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20015, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20017Upsetters. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20017, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20017, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20019Other forging equipment. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20019, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20019, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20021Other forge facility equipment. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-20021, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20021, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-205Safeguarding power transmission parts. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17.]040 and [49.17.]050. WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-205, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-205, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-205, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20501What is an employer's duty to protect employees from hazards of power transmission parts? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20501, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20501, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-20501, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20503What requirements must guards meet? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20503, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20503, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-20503, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-20503, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20505What requirements must devices meet? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20505, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20505, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20507What requirements must safeguarding by distance meet? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20507, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20507, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20509What requirements must safeguarding by location meet? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20509, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20509, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20511What other responsibilities beyond safeguarding does an employer have to protect employees from power transmission parts? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20511, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20511, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-20511, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20511, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20513When may a guardrail be used as a safeguard? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20513, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20513, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20513, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20515What are the additional requirements for flywheels? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20515, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20515, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20517What are the additional requirements for shafting? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20517, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20517, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20517, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20519What are the additional requirements for pulleys? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17.]040 and [49.17.]050. WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20519, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20519, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20519, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20521What are the additional requirements for belt and rope drives? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20521, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20521, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20521, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20521, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20523What are the additional requirements for gears? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17.]040 and [49.17.]050. WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20523, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20523, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20523, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20525What are the additional requirements for belt shifters? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20525, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20525, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-20525, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-6, § 296-24-20525, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20525, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20525, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20527What are the additional requirements for sewing machines? [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-19-112, § 296-24-20527, filed 9/21/99, effective 1/1/00; WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20527, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20527, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20527, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20529Reserve. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17.]040 and [49.17.]050. WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20529, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20529, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20529, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20531Reserve. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17.]040 and [49.17.]050. WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20531, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00; Order 76-6, § 296-24-20531, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20531, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20531, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20533Reserve. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17.]040 and [49.17.]050. WSR 98-10-073, 98-24-120 and 99-12-091, § 296-24-20533, filed 5/4/98, 12/2/98 and 6/1/99, effective 1/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-20533, filed 11/13/80; Order 73-5, § 296-24-20533, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-20533, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20699Appendices A through D are added to Part C of chapter 296-24 WAC, to describe the federal procedures for third-party validation and certification of presence sensing devices on mechanical power presses. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-20699, filed 11/14/88.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20700Appendix A to WAC 296-24-195. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 92-17-022 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-20700, filed 8/10/92, effective 9/10/92; WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-20700, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-20700, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-20700, filed 11/14/88.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20710Appendix B to WAC 296-24-195. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-20710, filed 11/14/88.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20720Appendix C to WAC 296-24-195. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-20720, filed 11/14/88.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-20730Appendix D to WAC 296-24-195. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 92-17-022 (Order 92-06), § 296-24-20730, filed 8/10/92, effective 9/10/92; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-20730, filed 11/14/88.] Repealed by WSR 04-14-028, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-21503Secure storage. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-21503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-21503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-21505Housekeeping. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-21505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-21505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-21507Drainage. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-21507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-21507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-21515Conveyors. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-21515, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 74-27, § 296-24-21515, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-21515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-21515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-05-027, filed 2/7/06, effective 4/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-217Servicing multipiece and single-piece rim wheels. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 84-17-099 (Order 84-18), § 296-24-217, filed 8/21/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-014 (Order 80-20), § 296-24-217, filed 11/13/80.] Repealed by WSR 07-03-163, filed 1/24/07, effective 4/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-21701Scope. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-14-108 (Order 88-11), § 296-24-21701, filed 7/6/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 84-17-099 (Order 84-18), § 296-24-21701, filed 8/21/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-014 (Order 80-20), § 296-24-21701, filed 11/13/80.] Repealed by WSR 04-20-079, filed 10/5/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-864 WAC.
296-24-21703Definitions. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-21703, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 84-17-099 (Order 84-18), § 296-24-21703, filed 8/21/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-014 (Order 80-20), § 296-24-21703, filed 11/13/80.] Repealed by WSR 04-20-079, filed 10/5/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-864 WAC.
296-24-21705Employee training. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-21705, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 86-03-064 (Order 86-02), § 296-24-21705, filed 1/17/86; WSR 84-17-099 (Order 84-18), § 296-24-21705, filed 8/21/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-014 (Order 80-20), § 296-24-21705, filed 11/13/80.] Repealed by WSR 04-20-079, filed 10/5/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-864 WAC.
296-24-21707Tire servicing equipment. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-21707, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; WSR 88-11-021 (Order 88-04), § 296-24-21707, filed 5/11/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 86-03-064 (Order 86-02), § 296-24-21707, filed 1/17/86; WSR 84-17-099 (Order 84-18), § 296-24-21707, filed 8/21/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-014 (Order 80-20), § 296-24-21707, filed 11/13/80.] Repealed by WSR 04-20-079, filed 10/5/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-864 WAC.
296-24-21709Wheel component acceptability. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 84-17-099 (Order 84-18), § 296-24-21709, filed 8/21/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-014 (Order 80-20), § 296-24-21709, filed 11/13/80.] Repealed by WSR 04-20-079, filed 10/5/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-864 WAC.
296-24-21711Safe operating procedure—Multipiece rim wheels. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-21711, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 86-03-064 (Order 86-02), § 296-24-21711, filed 1/17/86; WSR 84-17-099 (Order 84-18), § 296-24-21711, filed 8/21/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-014 (Order 80-20), § 296-24-21711, filed 11/13/80.] Repealed by WSR 04-20-079, filed 10/5/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-864 WAC.
296-24-21713Safe operating procedure—Single-piece rim wheels. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-21713, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 84-17-099 (Order 84-18), § 296-24-21713, filed 8/21/84.] Repealed by WSR 04-20-079, filed 10/5/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-864 WAC.
296-24-220Indoor general storage. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-220, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-220, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by Order 74-27, filed 5/7/74.
296-24-22001Definitions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-22001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-22001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by Order 74-27, filed 5/7/74.
296-24-22003General requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-22003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-22003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by Order 74-27, filed 5/7/74.
296-24-22005Piling procedures and precautions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-22005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-22005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by Order 74-27, filed 5/7/74.
296-24-22007Fire protection requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-22007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-22007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by Order 74-27, filed 5/7/74.
296-24-22009Mechanical handling equipment. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-22009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-22009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by Order 74-27, filed 5/7/74.
296-24-22011Building service equipment. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-22011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-22011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by Order 74-27, filed 5/7/74.
296-24-230Powered industrial trucks. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-230, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-230, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23001Definition. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23001, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-23001, filed 11/14/88; Order 74-27, § 296-24-23001, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23003General requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050. WSR 02-12-098, § 296-24-23003, filed 6/5/02, effective 8/1/02; WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23003, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 76-6, § 296-24-23003, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-27, § 296-24-23003, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5 § 296-24-23003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23005Designations. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23005, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23007Designated locations. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23007, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-23007, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23009Converted industrial trucks. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23009, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23011Safety guards. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23011, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23013Fuel handling and storage. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23013, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23013, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23015Changing and charging storage batteries. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23015, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23015, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23015, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23017Lighting for operating areas. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23017, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23017, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23017, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23019Control of noxious gases and fumes. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23019, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23019, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23019, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23021Dockboards (bridge plates). [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23021, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23021, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23021, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23023Trucks and railroad cars. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23023, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-23023, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23023, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23023, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23025Operator training. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23025, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23025, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23025, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23027Powered industrial truck operations. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-23027, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00; WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23027, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-23027, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; Order 74-27, § 296-24-23027, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23027, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23027, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23029Traveling. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23029, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23029, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23029, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23031Loading. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23031, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23031, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23031, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23033Operation of the truck. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23033, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23033, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23033, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23035Maintenance of industrial trucks. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23035, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23035, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23035, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-23037Appendix 1 stability of powered industrial trucks nonmandatory appendix. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 00-01-176, § 296-24-23037, filed 12/21/99, effective 3/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 04-19-051, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-233Motor vehicle trucks and trailers. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. WSR 04-20-079, § 296-24-233, filed 10/5/04, effective 2/1/05. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-233, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-29, § 296-24-233, filed 9/30/76; Order 76-6, § 296-24-233, filed 3/1/76; Order 75-11, § 296-24-233, filed 4/4/75; Order 74-27, § 296-24-233, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-233, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-233, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-17-059, filed 8/10/05, effective 10/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-865 WAC.
296-24-260Helicopters. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-17-033, § 296-24-260, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-260, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-260, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 76-28, § 296-24-260, filed 9/28/76.] Repealed by WSR 04-09-099, filed 4/20/04, effective 9/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-829 WAC.
296-24-405Dip tanks containing flammable or combustible liquids. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-405, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-405, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-15-102, filed 7/17/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-40501Definitions. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-40501, filed 11/14/88; Order 73-5, § 296-24-40501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-40501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-15-102, filed 7/17/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-40503Ventilation. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-40503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-40503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-15-102, filed 7/17/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-40505Construction of dip tanks. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-40505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-40505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-15-102, filed 7/17/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-40507Liquids used in dip tanks, storage and handling. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-40507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-40507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-15-102, filed 7/17/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-40509Electrical and other sources of ignition. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-40509, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 85-10-004 (Order 85-09), § 296-24-40509, filed 4/19/85; Order 76-6, § 296-24-40509, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-40509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-40509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-15-102, filed 7/17/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-40511Operations and maintenance. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-40511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-40511, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-15-102, filed 7/17/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-40513Extinguishment. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-40513, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-40513, filed 12/24/81; Order 73-5, § 296-24-40513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-40513, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-15-102, filed 7/17/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-40515Special dip tank applications. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-40515, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-27, § 296-24-40515, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-40515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-40515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 02-15-102, filed 7/17/02, effective 10/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-47515LP-gas system installations on commercial vehicles. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-47515, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-6, § 296-24-47515, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-47515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-47515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 99-17-094, filed 8/17/99, effective 12/1/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050.
296-24-510Storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-510, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-510, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51001Scope. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-51001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51003General. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-51003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51005Definitions. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-51005, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-51005, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 74-27, § 296-24-51005, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-51005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51007Use of water in emergencies. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-51007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51009Basic rules. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050. WSR 02-12-098, § 296-24-51009, filed 6/5/02, effective 8/1/02; WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-51009, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-51009, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-51009, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-51009, filed 11/13/80; Order 76-6, § 296-24-51009, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-27, § 296-24-51009, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-51009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51011Systems utilizing stationary, pier-mounted or skid-mounted aboveground or underground, nonrefrigerated storage. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050. WSR 02-12-098, § 296-24-51011, filed 6/5/02, effective 8/1/02; Order 76-6, § 296-24-51011, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-51011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51013Refrigerated storage. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-51013, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-51013, filed 11/13/80; Order 76-6, § 296-24-51013, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-51013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51013, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51015Systems utilizing portable DOT containers. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050. WSR 02-12-098, § 296-24-51015, filed 6/5/02, effective 8/1/02; Order 73-5, § 296-24-51015, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51015, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51017Systems mounted on trucks, semi-trailers, and trailers for transportation of ammonia. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-17-094, § 296-24-51017, filed 8/17/99, effective 12/1/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-51017, filed 11/13/80; Order 76-6, § 296-24-51017, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-51017, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51017, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51019Systems mounted on farm wagons (implements of husbandry) for the transportation of ammonia. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-51019, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51019, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51021Systems mounted on farm equipment (implements of husbandry) for the application of ammonia. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-51021, filed 11/13/80; Order 73-5, § 296-24-51021, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-51021, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-51099Appendix C—Availability of reference material. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-51099, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-6, § 296-24-51099, filed 3/1/76.] Repealed by WSR 06-10-067, filed 5/2/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-826 WAC.
296-24-550Means of egress. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-550, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-550, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-550, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-55003General requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-55003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-55003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-55005Fundamental requirements. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-55005, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-55005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-55005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-55007Protection of employees exposed by construction and repair operations. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-55007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-55007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-55009Maintenance. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-55009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-55009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-565Means of egress, general. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-565, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-565, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56501Permissible exit components. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56503Protective enclosure of exits. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56505Width and capacity of means of egress. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56507Egress capacity and occupant load. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56509Arrangement of exits. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56511Access to exits. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56511, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56513Exterior ways of exit access. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-56513, filed 11/14/88; Order 73-5, § 296-24-56513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56513, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56515Discharge from exits. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-56515, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-56515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56517Headroom. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56517, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56519Changes in elevation. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56519, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56519, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56521Maintenance and workmanship. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56521, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56521, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56523Furnishings and decorations. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56523, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56523, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56529Fire retardant paints. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56529, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56529, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-56531Exit marking. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-56531, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-56531, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-58505Fire brigades. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040. WSR 99-05-080, § 296-24-58505, filed 2/17/99, effective 6/1/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-58505, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 06-01-073, filed 12/20/05, effective 3/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-811 WAC.
296-24-58507Organization. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-58507, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 06-01-073, filed 12/20/05, effective 3/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-811 WAC.
296-24-58509Training and education. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-58509, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 06-01-073, filed 12/20/05, effective 3/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-811 WAC.
296-24-58511Firefighting equipment. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-58511, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 06-01-073, filed 12/20/05, effective 3/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-811 WAC.
296-24-58513Protective clothing. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. WSR 05-03-093, § 296-24-58513, filed 1/18/05, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-58513, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01; WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-58513, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-58513, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 92-23-017 (Order 92-13), § 296-24-58513, filed 11/10/92, effective 12/18/92; WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-58513, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; WSR 88-14-108 (Order 88-11), § 296-24-58513, filed 7/6/88; WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-58513, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-58513, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 06-01-073, filed 12/20/05, effective 3/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-811 WAC.
296-24-58515Respiratory protection devices. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. WSR 05-03-093, § 296-24-58515, filed 1/18/05, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-58515, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-58515, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-58515, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 06-01-073, filed 12/20/05, effective 3/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-811 WAC.
296-24-58516Procedures for interior structural firefighting. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-58516, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99.] Repealed by WSR 06-01-073, filed 12/20/05, effective 3/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-811 WAC.
296-24-58517Appendix A—Fire brigades. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. WSR 05-03-093, § 296-24-58517, filed 1/18/05, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-58517, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01; WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-58517, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-58517, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-58517, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 06-01-073, filed 12/20/05, effective 3/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-811 WAC.
296-24-590Portable fire suppression equipment—Portable fire extinguishers. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-590, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-590, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 88-11-021 (Order 88-04), filed 5/11/88. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-59001General requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-59001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-59001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-59003Selection of extinguishers. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-59003, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-59003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-59003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-59005Distribution of portable fire extinguishers. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-59005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-59005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-59007Inspection, maintenance, and hydrostatic tests. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-59007, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-59007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-59007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-59203Exemptions. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-59203, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-17-033, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-59205General requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-59205, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-59207Selection and distribution. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-59207, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-59209Inspection, maintenance and testing. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-59209, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-59211Hydrostatic testing. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 92-23-017 (Order 92-13), § 296-24-59211, filed 11/10/92, effective 12/18/92; WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-59211, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-59211, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-59213Training and education. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-59213, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-600Standpipe and hose systems. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-600, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-600, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-60001General requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-60001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-60001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-60003Hose outlets. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-60003, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-60003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-60003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-60005Water supplies. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-60005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-60005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-60007Tests and maintenance. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-60007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-60007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-605Fixed fire suppression equipment—Automatic sprinkler systems. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-605, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-605, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 88-11-021 (Order 88-04), filed 5/11/88. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-60501General requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-60501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-60501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-60503Fire department connections. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-60503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-60503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-60505Sprinkler alarms. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-60505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-60505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-60507Maintenance of sprinkler system. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-60507, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-60507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-60507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-60509Sprinkler head clearance. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-60509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-60509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-615Fixed dry chemical extinguishing systems. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-615, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-615, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-61501General requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-61501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-61501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-61503Alarms and indicators. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-61503, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-61503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-61503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-61505Inspection and maintenance. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-61505, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-61505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-61505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-620Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-620, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-620, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-62001General requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-62001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-62001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-62003Inspection and maintenance. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-62003, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-62003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-62003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-625Local fire alarm signaling systems. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-625, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-631Employee alarm systems. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-631, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-17-033, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-63101Scope and application. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-63101, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-17-033, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-63103General requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-63103, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-17-033, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-63105Installation and restoration. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-63105, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-17-033, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-63107Maintenance and testing. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-63107, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-17-033, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-63109Manual operation. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-63109, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-17-033, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-63199Appendix A—Employee alarm systems. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-63199, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 01-17-033, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-63499Appendix D—Availability of publications incorporated by references in WAC 296-24-58505—Fire brigades. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050. WSR 02-12-098, § 296-24-63499, filed 6/5/02, effective 8/1/02. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-63499, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-02-003 (Order 81-32), § 296-24-63499, filed 12/24/81.] Repealed by WSR 18-03-159, filed 1/23/18, effective 2/23/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060.
296-24-650Hand and portable powered tools and equipment—General. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-650, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-650, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-65001General requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-65001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-65001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-65003Compressed air used for cleaning. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-65003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-65003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-65005Compressed air tools. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-65005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-65005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-65007Air hammer. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-65007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-65007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-655Guarding of portable powered tools. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-655, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-655, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-65501Portable powered tools. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-65501, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-65501, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-65501, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-65501, filed 11/13/80; Order 74-27, § 296-24-65501, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-65501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-65501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-657Pneumatic powered tools and hose. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-657, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-657, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-65701Portable tools. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-65701, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-65701, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-65703Airhose. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-65703, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-65703, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-660Portable abrasive wheels. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-660, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-660, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66001Abrasive wheel terms. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66003General requirements. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-66003, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-66003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66005Cup wheels. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66007Vertical portable grinders. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66009Other portable grinders. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66011Mounting and inspection of abrasive wheels. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-66011, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-66011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-662Safety requirements for explosive-actuated fastening tools. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-662, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-662, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66201Scope. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66201, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66201, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66203Purpose. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66203, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66203, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66205Definitions. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66205, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66205, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66207Design requirements—High velocity tools. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66207, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66207, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66209Low velocity piston tools. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66209, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66209, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66211Hammer-operated piston tools—Low velocity type. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66211, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66211, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66213Requirements for loads and fasteners. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66213, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66213, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66215Approvals. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66215, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66215, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66217Operation. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66217, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66217, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66219Servicing. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66219, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66219, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66221Qualification and certification of operators. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66221, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66221, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66223Storage of explosive-actuated tools, instruction books, cleaning kits, and tools. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66223, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66223, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-66225Use low velocity tools when possible. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66225, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66225, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), filed 7/31/79. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240.
296-24-663Safety requirements for powder actuated fastening systems. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-663, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66301Scope. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66301, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66303Purpose. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66303, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66305Definitions applicable to this section. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-66305, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66305, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66307Requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66307, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66309Power loads. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66309, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66311Fasteners. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66311, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66313Operation. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-66313, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66313, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66315Limitations of use. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66315, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66317Maintenance and storage. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66317, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66319Authorized instructor. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-66319, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66319, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66321Qualified operator. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-66321, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-66321, filed 7/31/79.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-665Power lawnmowers. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-665, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-665, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66501Terms. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-66501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66503General requirements. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-66503, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-66503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66505Walk-behind and riding rotary mowers. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-66505, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-66505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66507Walk-behind rotary mowers. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-66507, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-66507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-66509Riding rotary mowers. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-66509, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-66509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-66509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-670Jacks. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-670, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-670, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-67001Jack terms. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-67001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-67003Loading and marking. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-67003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-67005Operation and maintenance. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-67005, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 03-09-009, filed 4/4/03, effective 8/1/03. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050, and [49.17].060. Later promulgation, see chapter 296-807 WAC.
296-24-675Safe practices of abrasive blasting operations. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-675, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-675, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67501Purpose. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67501, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67503Application. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-67503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67505Selection of abrasives and equipment. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67505, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67507Definitions. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-67507, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67507, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-67507, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67509Dust hazards from abrasive blasting. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67509, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-67509, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67511Blast cleaning enclosures. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67511, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67511, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67513Construction and maintenance of the exhaust ventilation systems. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050. WSR 02-12-098, § 296-24-67513, filed 6/5/02, effective 8/1/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67513, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67513, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67515Personal protective equipment. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. WSR 05-03-093, § 296-24-67515, filed 1/18/05, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050. WSR 02-12-098, § 296-24-67515, filed 6/5/02, effective 8/1/02; WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-67515, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01; WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-67515, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67515, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-67515, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67517Air supply and air compressors. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. WSR 05-03-093, § 296-24-67517, filed 1/18/05, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-10-071, § 296-24-67517, filed 5/4/99, effective 9/1/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67517, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67517, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67519Operational procedures and general safety. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67519, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98; Order 73-5, § 296-24-67519, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67519, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67520Ventilation. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67520, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-67521Appendix 1. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 98-02-006, § 296-24-67521, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 06-12-074, filed 6/6/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-677Ventilation. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-677, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-677, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 98-02-006, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060.
296-24-67701Scope. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-67701, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-67701, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 98-02-006, filed 12/26/97, effective 3/1/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060.
296-24-73503Housekeeping. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-73503, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-73503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-73503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-73509Floor loading protection. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-73509, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-73509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-73509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-73513Buildings—Floors. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-73513, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-75009Stairway railings and guards. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-75009, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-75009, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-75009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-75009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-17-033, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-76505Where fixed stairs are required. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-76505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-76505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-76517Railings and handrails. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-76517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-76517, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-780Portable wood ladders. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-780, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-780, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-20-068, filed 10/4/05, effective 1/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-78003Application of requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-17-033, § 296-24-78003, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01; Order 73-5, § 296-24-78003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-78003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-20-068, filed 10/4/05, effective 1/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-78005Materials. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-17-033, § 296-24-78005, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01; Order 73-5, § 296-24-78005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-78005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-20-068, filed 10/4/05, effective 1/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-78007Construction requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-78007, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-78007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-78007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-20-068, filed 10/4/05, effective 1/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-78009Ladder tests. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-17-033, § 296-24-78009, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-78009, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 88-11-021 (Order 88-04), § 296-24-78009, filed 5/11/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150 and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-78009, filed 7/31/79; Order 76-6, § 296-24-78009, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-78009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-78009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-20-068, filed 10/4/05, effective 1/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-795Portable metal ladders. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-795, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-795, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-20-068, filed 10/4/05, effective 1/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-79501Terms. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-79501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-79501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-20-068, filed 10/4/05, effective 1/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-79503Requirements. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-79503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-79503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-20-068, filed 10/4/05, effective 1/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-79505Testing. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-79505, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-79505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-79505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 05-20-068, filed 10/4/05, effective 1/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-79507Care and maintenance and use of ladders. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-79507, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-79507, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 76-6, § 296-24-79507, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-79507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-79507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 01-11-038, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-810Fixed ladders. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-810, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-810, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-16-020, filed 7/24/06, effective 12/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-81001Definitions. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-81001, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-81001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-81001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-16-020, filed 7/24/06, effective 12/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-81003Design requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-81003, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-81003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-81003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-16-020, filed 7/24/06, effective 12/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-81005Specific features. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-81005, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-81005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-81005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-16-020, filed 7/24/06, effective 12/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-81007Clearance. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-81007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-81007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-16-020, filed 7/24/06, effective 12/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-81009Special requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-81009, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-81009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-81009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-16-020, filed 7/24/06, effective 12/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-81011Pitch. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-81011, filed 11/13/80; Order 73-5, § 296-24-81011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-81011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-16-020, filed 7/24/06, effective 12/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-81013Maintenance and use. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-81013, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-6, § 296-24-81013, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-81013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-81013, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-16-020, filed 7/24/06, effective 12/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-825Safety requirements for scaffolding. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-825, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-825, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82501Definitions. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-82501, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82503General requirements for all scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-82503, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 90-03-029 (Order 89-20), § 296-24-82503, filed 1/11/90, effective 2/26/90; Order 74-27, § 296-24-82503, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82505General requirements for wood pole scaffolds. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-82505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82505, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82507Tube and coupler scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82507, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82507, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82509Tubular welded frame scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82509, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82509, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82511Outrigger scaffolds. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-82511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82511, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82513Masons' adjustable multiple-point suspension scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-82513, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-82513, filed 11/14/88; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82513, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82515Two-point suspension scaffolds (swinging scaffolds). [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-82515, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-82515, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.240. WSR 80-11-010 (Order 80-14), § 296-24-82515, filed 8/8/80. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82515, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82515, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82517Stone setters' adjustable multiple-point suspension scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-82517, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82517, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82517, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82519Single-point adjustable suspension scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-82519, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-82519, filed 11/14/88; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82519, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82519, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82521Boatswain's chairs. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-82521, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.240. WSR 80-11-010 (Order 80-14), § 296-24-82521, filed 8/8/80. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82521, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82521, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82521, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82523Carpenters' bracket scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82523, filed 7/31/79; Order 76-6, § 296-24-82523, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82523, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82523, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82525Bricklayers' square scaffolds. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-82525, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82525, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82527Horse scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82527, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82527, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82527, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82529Needle beam scaffold. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-82529, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82529, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82529, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82529, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82531Plasterers', decorators', and large area scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82531, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82531, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82531, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82533Interior hung scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-82533, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82533, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82533, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82535Ladder-jack scaffolds. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-82535, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82535, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82537Window-jack scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-82537, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82537, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82537, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82539Roofing brackets. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-82539, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82539, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82541Crawling boards or chicken ladders. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-82541, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82541, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82543Float or ship scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-82543, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-82543, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82543, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-82545Scope. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-82545, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-82545, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-840Manually propelled mobile ladder stands and scaffolds (towers). [Order 73-5, § 296-24-840, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-840, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-84001Definitions. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-84001, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-84001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-84001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-84003General requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-84003, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-84003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-84003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-84005Mobile tubular welded frame scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-84005, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-84005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-84005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-84007Mobile tubular welded sectional folding scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-84007, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-84007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-84007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-84009Mobile tube and coupler scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-84009, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-84009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-84009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-84011Mobile work platforms. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-84011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-84011, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-84013Mobile ladder stands. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-84013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-84013, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-860Scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-860, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86005Definitions applicable to this part. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86005, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86010General requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86010, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86015Additional requirements applicable to specific types of scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86015, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86020Training. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86020, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-861Manually propelled mobile ladder stands and scaffolds (towers). [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-861, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86105General requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86105, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86110Mobile tubular welded frame scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86110, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86115Mobile tubular welded sectional folding scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86115, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86120Mobile tube and coupler scaffolds. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86120, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86125Mobile work platforms. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86125, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-86130Mobile ladder stands. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-86130, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 05-01-054, filed 12/7/04, effective 3/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-870Power platforms for exterior building maintenance. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-870, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-870, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-870, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87001Definitions. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-87001, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87001, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-87001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-87001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87003General requirements. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-87003, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-87003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-87003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-87005Type F powered platforms. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-87005, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-87005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-87005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-87007Type T powered platforms. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-87007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-87007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-87009Inspections and tests. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87009, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90; Order 73-5, § 296-24-87009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-87009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87011Powered platform installations—Affected parts of buildings. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-87011, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87011, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87013Powered platform installations—Equipment. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-87013, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87013, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87015Maintenance. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-87015, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87015, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87017Operations. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87017, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87019Personal fall protection. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87019, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87031Appendix A—Guidelines (advisory). [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-87031, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87031, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87033Appendix B—Exhibits (advisory). [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87033, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87035Appendix C—Personal fall arrest system (Part I—Mandatory; Parts II and III—Nonmandatory). [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-87035, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87035, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-87037Appendix D—Existing installations (mandatory). [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 90-09-026 (Order 90-01), § 296-24-87037, filed 4/10/90, effective 5/25/90.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-875Elevating work platforms. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-875, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-87505Self-propelled elevating work platforms. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-87505, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-87510Boom supported elevating work platforms. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-87510, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-87515Aerial lifts. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-87515, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-880Power platforms for exterior building maintenance. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-880, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88005Definitions. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88005, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88010Inspections and tests. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88010, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88015Powered platform installations—Affected parts of buildings. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88015, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88020Powered platform installations—Equipment. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 04-14-028, § 296-24-88020, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88020, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88025Maintenance. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88025, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88030Operations. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88030, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88035Personal fall protection. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88035, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88040Appendix A—Guidelines (advisory). [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88040, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88045Appendix B—Exhibits (advisory). [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88045, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-88055Appendix D—Existing installations (mandatory). [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-88055, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-885Vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating work platforms. [Order 76-6, § 296-24-885, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-885, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-885, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-88501Definitions. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-88501, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-6, § 296-24-88501, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-88501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-88501, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-88503General requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-88503, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 76-6, § 296-24-88503, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-88503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-88503, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-88505Specific requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-88505, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-6, § 296-24-88505, filed 3/1/76.] Repealed by WSR 00-08-078, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050.
296-24-900Manlifts. [Order 73-5, § 296-24-900, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-900, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-90001Definitions. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-90001, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-90001, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-90001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-90001, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-90003General requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 04-14-028, § 296-24-90003, filed 6/29/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-90003, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-90003, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 76-6, § 296-24-90003, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-90003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-90003, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-90005Mechanical requirements. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-90005, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-90005, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-90005, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 74-27, § 296-24-90005, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-90005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-90005, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-90007Operating rules. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-90007, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00; Order 73-5, § 296-24-90007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-90007, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-90009Periodic inspection. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-90009, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-90009, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-90009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-90009, filed 5/7/73.] Repealed by WSR 06-19-073, filed 9/19/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060.
296-24-950Electrical—Application. [Order 74-27, § 296-24-950, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 83-24-013 (Order 83-34), filed 11/30/83. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-955National electrical code. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 42.30 and 43.22 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-955, filed 11/13/80; WSR 78-12-017 (Order 78-22), § 296-24-955, filed 11/13/78; Order 77-12, § 296-24-955, filed 7/11/77; Order 74-27, § 296-24-955, filed 5/7/74.] Repealed by WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050.
296-24-956Electrical. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-956, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95601Definitions applicable to WAC 296-24-956 through 296-24-985. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-95601, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-95601, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-95601, filed 11/14/88; WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-95601, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95601, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95603Electric utilization systems. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 04-07-161, § 296-24-95603, filed 3/23/04, effective 6/1/04. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-95603, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-95603, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95603, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95605General requirements. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-95605, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-95605, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95605, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95607Wiring design and protection. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-95607, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-95607, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-95607, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95607, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95609Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-95609, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-95609, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95609, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95611Specific purpose equipment and installations. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-95611, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91; WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-95611, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95611, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95613Hazardous (classified) locations. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-95613, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 87-24-051 (Order 87-24), § 296-24-95613, filed 11/30/87. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95613, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95615Special systems. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95615, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95617Reserved. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-95617, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95617, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.
296-24-95699Appendices. [Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-95699, filed 3/30/82.] Repealed by WSR 12-16-064, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW.


296-24-003
Subsections, subdivisions, items, subitems, and segments.

(1) That portion of section numeration appearing after the chapter designation appears in either a three digit or a five digit format (e.g. 296-24-330 and 296-24-33002). The final two digits of the section number are implied decimal extensions of the first three digits and represent a further division of the three digit enumeration.
(2) Sections of this chapter may be divided into subsections (1), (2), (3), etc., which may in turn be divided into subdivisions (a), (b), (c), etc., which may be further divided into items (i), (ii), (iii), etc.,which may be further divided into subitems (A), (B), (C), etc.,which may be further divided into segments (I), (II), (III), etc.,all according to the following hierarchy, e.g.
Sections
Subsections
(1)
(2)
Subdivisions
(a)
(b)
Items
(i)
(ii)
Subitems
(A)
(B)
Segments
(I)
(II)
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-003, filed 11/14/88; Order 76-6, § 296-24-003, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-003, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-005
Purpose and scope.

The rules in this chapter are designed to protect the safety and health of employees by creating a healthy work environment by establishing requirements to control safety hazards in the workplace. Chapter 296-800 WAC, the safety and health core rules, contain safety and health rules that apply to most workplaces. Other special industry rules complement the rules found in this chapter and in the safety and health core rules.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-005, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01; Order 73-5, § 296-24-005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-005, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-012
Definitions applicable to all sections of this chapter.

Note:
Meaning of words. Unless the context indicates otherwise, words used in this chapter shall have the meaning given in this section.
Approved. Approved by the director of the department of labor and industries or their authorized representative: Provided, however, That should a provision of this chapter state that approval by an agency or organization other than the department of labor and industries is required, such as Underwriters' Laboratories or the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the provisions of WAC 296-800-360 must apply.
Authorized person. A person approved or assigned by the employer to perform a specific type of duty or duties or to be at a specific location or locations at the job site.
Competent person. One who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective action to eliminate them.
Department. The department of labor and industries.
Director. The director of the department of labor and industries, or designated representative.
Employer. Any person, firm, corporation, partnership, business trust, legal representative, or other business entity which engages in any business, industry, profession, or activity in this state and employs one or more employees or who contracts with one or more persons, the essence of which is the personal labor of such person or persons and includes the state, counties, cities, and all municipal corporations, public corporations, political subdivisions of the state, and charitable organizations: Provided, That any person, partnership, or business entity not having employees, and who is covered by the industrial insurance act must be considered both an employer and an employee.
First aid. For purposes of this section, the extent of treatment that could be expected to be given by a person trained in basic first aid, using supplies from a first-aid kit. Tests, such as X-rays, must not be confused with treatment.
Hazard. That condition, potential or inherent, which can cause injury, death, or occupational disease.
Hospitalization. To be admitted to a hospital or an equivalent medical facility on an emergent in-patient basis requiring an overnight stay.
Must. Mandatory.
Qualified. One who, by possession of a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing, or who by extensive knowledge, training, and experience, has successfully demonstrated the ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the subject matter, the work, or the project.
Safety and health standard. A standard which requires the adoption or use of one or more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes reasonably necessary or appropriate to provide safe or healthful employment and places of employment.
Safety factor. The ratio of the ultimate breaking strength of a member or piece of material or equipment to the actual working stress or safe load when in use.
Should. Recommended.
Standard safeguard. A device designed and constructed with the object of removing the hazard of accident incidental to the machine, appliance, tool, building, or equipment to which it is attached.
Standard safeguards must be constructed of either metal or wood or other suitable material or a combination of these. The final determination of the sufficiency of any safeguard rests with the director of the department of labor and industries.
Suitable. That which fits, or has the qualities or qualifications to meet a given purpose, occasion, condition, function, or circumstance.
Work place. Any plant, yard, premises, room, or other place where an employee or employees are employed for the performance of labor or service over which the employer has the right of access or control, and includes, but is not limited to, all work places covered by industrial insurance under Title 51 RCW, as now or hereafter amended.
Worker, personnel, person, employee, (and other terms of like meaning, unless the context of the provision containing such term indicates otherwise). An employee of an employer who is employed in the business of their employer whether by way of manual labor or otherwise and every person in this state who is engaged in the employment of or who is working under an independent contract the essence of which is their personal labor for an employer whether by manual labor or otherwise.
Working day. A calendar day, except Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays as set forth in RCW 1.16.050, as now or hereafter amended, and for the purposes of the computation of time within which an act is to be done under the provisions of this chapter, must be computed by excluding the first working day and including the last working day.
Abbreviations used in this chapter:
ANSI. American National Standards Institute.
API. American Petroleum Institute.
ASA. American Standards Association.
ASAE. American Society of Agricultural Engineers.
ASHRE. American Society of Heating and Refrigeration Engineers.
ASME. American Society for Mechanical Engineers.
ASTM. American Society for Testing and Materials.
AWS. American Welding Society.
BTU. British thermal unit.
BTUH. British thermal unit per hour.
CFM. Cubic feet per minute.
C.F.R. Code of Federal Regulations.
CGA. Compressed Gas Association.
CIE. Commission Internationale de l' Eclairage.
DOSH. Division of occupational safety and health.
DOT. Department of transportation.
FRP. Fiberglass reinforced plastic.
GPM. Gallons per minute.
ICC. Interstate Commerce Commission.
ID. Inside diameter.
LPG. Liquefied petroleum gas.
MCA. Manufacturing Chemist Association. (New name: Chemical Manufacturers Association.)
NBFU. National Board of Fire Underwriters.
NEMA. National Electrical Manufacturing Association.
NFPA. National Fire Protection Association.
NTP. Normal temperature and pressure.
OD. Outside diameter.
PSI. Pounds per square inch.
PSIA. Pounds per square inch atmospheric.
PSIG. Pounds per square inch gauge.
RMA. Rubber Manufacturers Association.
SAE. Society of Automotive Engineers.
TFI. The Fertilizer Institute.
TSC. Trailer Standard Code.
UL. Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc.
USASI. United States of America Standards Institute.
U.S.C. United States Code.
USCG. United States Coast Guard.
WAC. Washington Administrative Code.
WISHA. Washington Industrial Safety and Health Act of 1973.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-012, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; WSR 09-01-158, § 296-24-012, filed 12/23/08, effective 3/1/09; WSR 04-07-161, § 296-24-012, filed 3/23/04, effective 6/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, [49.17].050. WSR 02-12-098, § 296-24-012, filed 6/5/02, effective 8/1/02. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-012, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-012, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 73-5, § 296-24-012, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-012, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-215
Materials handling and storage—Handling materials—General.

[Order 73-5, § 296-24-215, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-215, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-21501
Use of mechanical equipment.

You must allow sufficient safe clearances for aisles, at loading docks, through doorways and wherever turns or passage must be made where mechanical handling equipment is used. You must keep aisles and passageways clear and in good repair, with no obstruction across or in aisles that could create a hazard. You must ensure that aisles and passageways are appropriately marked.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-21501, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-21501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-21501, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-21509
Clearance limits.

You must provide clearance signs to warn of clearance limits.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-21509, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-21509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-21509, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-21511
Rolling railroad cars.

(1) You must ensure that derail and/or bumper blocks are provided on spur railroad tracks where a rolling car could contact other cars being worked, enter a building, work or traffic area. This does not apply to cars being moved by a locomotive, switch engine, donkey engine, or a car puller, but only to cars which are "cut loose." The standard does not apply to "cut loose" cars in railroad yards where trains are made up using gravity feed arrangements.
(2) You must employ a clearly audible warning system when cars are being moved by car pullers or locomotives, and when the person responsible for the moving does not have assurance that the area is clear, and it is safe to move the car or cars.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-21511, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-21511, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 74-27, § 296-24-21511, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-21511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-21511, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-21513
Guarding.

You must provide covers and/or guardrails to protect personnel from the hazards of open pits, tanks, vats, ditches, etc.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-21513, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-21513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-21513, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-235
Overhead and gantry cranes.

[Order 73-5, § 296-24-235, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-235, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23501
Definitions.

ANSI. The American National Standards Institute.
Appointed. Assigned specific responsibilities by the employer or the employer's representative.
Automatic crane. A crane which when activated operates through a preset cycle or cycles.
Auxiliary hoist. A supplemental hoisting unit of lighter capacity and usually higher speed than provided for the main hoist.
Brake. A device used for retarding or stopping motion by friction or power means.
Bridge. That part of a crane consisting of girders, trucks, end ties, footwalks, and drive mechanism which carries the trolley or trollies.
Bridge travel. The crane movement in a direction parallel to the crane runway.
Bumper (buffer). An energy absorbing device for reducing impact when a moving crane or trolley reaches the end of its permitted travel; or when two moving cranes or trolleys come in contact.
Cab. The operator's compartment on a crane.
Cab-operated crane. A crane controlled by an operator in a cab located on the bridge or trolley.
Cantilever gantry crane. A gantry or semigantry crane in which the bridge girders or trusses extend transversely beyond the crane runway on one or both sides.
Clearance. The distance from any part of the crane to a point of the nearest obstruction.
Collectors (current). Contacting devices for collecting current from runway or bridge conductors.
Conductors, bridge. The electrical conductors located along the bridge structure of a crane to provide power to the trolley.
Conductors, runway (main). The electrical conductors located along a crane runway to provide power to the crane.
Control braking. A method of controlling crane motor speed when in an overhauling condition.
Controller, spring return. A controller which when released will return automatically to a neutral position.
Countertorque. A method of control by which the power to the motor is reversed to develop torque in the opposite direction.
Crane. A machine for lifting and lowering a load and moving it horizontally, with the hoisting mechanism and integral part of the machine. Cranes whether fixed or mobile are driven manually or by power.
Designated. Selected or assigned by the employer or the employer's representative as being qualified to perform specific duties.
Drag brake. A brake which provides retarding force without external control.
Drift point. A point on a travel motion controller which releases the brake while the motor is not energized. This allows for coasting before the brake is set.
Drum. The cylindrical member around which the ropes are wound for raising or lowering the load.
Dynamic. A method of controlling crane motor speeds when in the overhauling condition to provide a retarding force.
Emergency stop switch. A manually or automatically operated electric switch to cut off electric power independently of the regular operating controls.
Equalizer. A device which compensates for unequal length or stretch of a rope.
Exposed. Capable of being contacted inadvertently. Applied to hazardous objects not adequately guarded or isolated.
Fail-safe. A provision designed to automatically stop or safely control any motion in which a malfunction occurs.
Floor-operated crane. A crane which is pendant or nonconductive rope controlled by an operator on the floor or an independent platform.
Footwalk. The walkway with handrail, attached to the bridge or trolley for access purposes.
Gantry crane. A crane similar to an overhead crane except that the bridge for carrying the trolley or trolleys is rigidly supported on two or more legs running on fixed rails or other runway.
Hoist. An apparatus which may be a part of a crane, exerting a force for lifting or lowering.
Hoist chain. The load bearing chain in a hoist.
Note:
Chain properties do not conform to those shown in ANSI B30.9-1971, Safety Code for Slings.
Hoist motion. That motion of a crane which raises and lowers a load.
Holding brake. A brake that automatically prevents motion when power is off.
Hot metal handling crane. An overhead crane used for transporting or pouring molten material.
Limit switch. A switch which is operated by some part or motion of a power-driven machine or equipment to alter the electric circuit associated with the machine or equipment.
Load. The total superimposed weight on the load block or hook.
Load block. The assembly of hook or shackle, swivel, bearing, sheaves, pins, and frame suspended by the hoisting rope.
Magnet. An electromagnetic device carried on a crane hook to pick up loads magnetically.
Main hoist. The hoist mechanism provided for lifting the maximum rated load.
Main switch. A switch controlling the entire power supply to the crane.
Man trolley. A trolley having an operator's cab attached thereto.
Master switch. A switch which dominates the operation of contractors, relays, or other remotely operated devices.
Mechanical. A method of control by friction.
Overhead crane. A crane with a movable bridge carrying a movable or fixed hoisting mechanism and traveling on an overhead fixed runway structure.
Power-operated crane. A crane whose mechanism is driven by electric, air, hydraulic, or internal combustion means.
Pulpit-operated crane. A crane operated from a fixed operator station not attached to the crane.
Rated load. The maximum load for which a crane or individual hoist is designed and built by the manufacturer and shown on the equipment nameplate(s).
Regenerative. A form of dynamic braking in which the electrical energy generated is fed back into the power system.
Remote-operated crane. A crane controlled by an operator not in a pulpit or in the cab attached to the crane, by any method other than pendant or rope control.
Rope. Refers to wire rope, unless otherwise specified.
Running sheave. A sheave which rotates as the load block is raised or lowered.
Runway. An assembly of rails, beams, girders, brackets, and framework on which the crane or trolley travels.
Semigantry crane. A gantry crane with one end of the bridge rigidly supported on one or more legs that run on a fixed rail or runway, the other end of the bridge being supported by a truck running on an elevated rail or runway.
Side pull. That portion of the hoist pull acting horizontally when the hoist lines are not operated vertically.
Span. The horizontal distance center to center of runway rails.
Standby crane. A crane which is not in regular service but which is used occasionally or intermittently as required.
Stop. A device to limit travel of a trolley or crane bridge. This device normally is attached to a fixed structure and normally does not have energy absorbing ability.
Storage bridge crane. A gantry type crane of long span usually used for bulk storage of material; the bridge girders or trusses are rigidly or nonrigidly supported on one or more legs. It may have one or more fixed or hinged cantilever ends.
Switch. A device for making, breaking, or for changing the connections in an electric circuit.
Trolley. The unit which travels on the bridge rails and carries the hoisting mechanism.
Trolley travel. The trolley movement at right angles to the crane runway.
Truck. The unit consisting of a frame, wheels, bearings, and axles which supports the bridge girders or trolleys.
Wall crane. A crane having a jib with or without trolley and supported from a side wall or line of columns of a building. It is a traveling type and operates on a runway attached to the side wall or columns.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23501, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23501, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23503
General requirements.

(1) Application. This section applies to overhead and gantry cranes, including semigantry, cantilever gantry, wall cranes, storage bridge cranes, and others having the same fundamental characteristics. These cranes are grouped because they all have trolleys and similar travel characteristics.
(2) New and existing equipment. You must ensure that all new overhead and gantry cranes constructed and installed on or after the effective date of these standards meet the design specifications of the American National Standards Institute, Safety Code for Overhead and Gantry Cranes, ANSI B30.2.0-1967. Overhead and gantry cranes constructed before the effective date of these standards, should be modified to conform to those design specifications, unless it can be shown that the crane cannot feasibly or economically be altered and that the crane substantially complies with the requirements of this section. (See chapter 296-900 WAC, Administrative rules, for information on applying for a variance.)
(3) Modifications. Cranes may be modified and rerated provided such modifications and the supporting structure are checked thoroughly for the new rated load by a qualified engineer or the equipment manufacturer. You must test the crane in accordance with WAC 296-24-23521(2). You must display new rated load in accordance with (5) of this section.
(4) Wind indicators and rail clamps.
(a) You must provide outdoor storage bridges with automatic rail clamps. You must provide a wind-indicating device which will give a visible or audible alarm to the bridge operator at a predetermined wind velocity. If the clamps act on the rail heads, you must ground off any beads or weld flash on the rail heads.
(b) You must base calculations for wind pressure on outside overhead traveling cranes on not less than 30 pounds per square foot of exposed surface.
(5) Rated load marking. You must plainly mark the rated load of the crane on each side of the crane, and if the crane has more than one hoisting unit, each hoist must have its rated load marked on it or its load block. You must ensure that the rated load marking is clearly legible from the ground or floor.
(6) Clearance from obstruction.
(a) You must provide and maintain minimum clearance of 3 inches overhead and 2 inches laterally between crane and obstructions in conformity with Specification No. 61 Crane Manufactures Association of America, Inc., 8720 Red Oak Blvd., Suite 201, Charlotte, NC 28217.
(b) Where passageways or walkways are provided you must not place obstructions so that safety of personnel will be jeopardized by movements of the crane.
(7) Clearance between parallel cranes. If the runways of two cranes are parallel, and there are no intervening walls or structure, you must ensure that there is adequate clearance provided and maintained between the two bridges.
(8) Designated personnel. You must ensure that only designated personnel are permitted to operate a crane covered by this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 18-03-159, § 296-24-23503, filed 1/23/18, effective 2/23/18; WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23503, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; WSR 07-03-163, § 296-24-23503, filed 1/24/07, effective 4/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-23503, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-23503, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 74-27, § 296-24-23503, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23503, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23505
Cabs.

(1) Cab location.
(a) You must ensure that the general arrangement of the cab and the location of control and protective equipment is such that all operating handles are within convenient reach of the operator when facing the area to be served by the load hook, or while facing the direction of travel of the cab. The arrangement must allow the operator a full view of the load hook in all positions.
(b) You must locate the cab to afford a minimum of 3 inches clearance from all fixed structures within its area of possible movement.
(c) You must ensure that the clearance of the cab above the working floor or passageway is not less than seven feet.
(2) Access to crane. You must provide access to the cab and/or bridge walkway by a conveniently placed fixed ladder, stairs, or platform, requiring no step over any gap exceeding 12 inches. You must ensure that fixed ladders are in conformance with the American National Standards Institute, Safety Code for Fixed Ladders, ANSI A14.3-1956.
(3) Fire extinguisher. A carbon dioxide, dry-chemical, or equivalent hand fire extinguisher should be kept in the cab. You must not use carbon tetrachloride extinguishers.
Note:
For additional requirements relating to portable fire extinguishers see WAC 296-800-300.
(4) Lighting. You must ensure that light in the cab is sufficient to enable the operator to see clearly enough to perform the work.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23505, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-17-033, § 296-24-23505, filed 8/8/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-23505, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23505, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23507
Footwalks and ladders.

(1) Location of footwalks.
(a) If sufficient headroom is available on cab-operated cranes, you must provide a footwalk on the drive side along the entire length of the bridge of all cranes having the trolley running on the top of the girders. To give sufficient access to the opposite side of the trolley, you should provide either a footwalk mounted on the trolley, a suitable footwalk or platform in the building, or a footwalk on the opposite side of the crane at least twice the length of the trolley.
(b) You must ensure that footwalks are located to give a headroom not less than 78 inches. You must provide a minimum of 48 inches. If you cannot provide 48 inches of headroom, you should omit footwalks from the crane and build a stationary platform or landing stage for workers making repairs.
(2) Construction of footwalks.
(a) You must ensure that footwalks are of rigid construction and designed to sustain a distributed load of at least 50 pounds per square foot.
(b) You must ensure that footwalks have a walking surface of antislip type.
Note:
Wood will meet this requirement.
(c) You must ensure that footwalks are continuous and permanently secured.
(d) Footwalks should have a clear passageway at least 18 inches wide except opposite the bridge motor, where they should be not less than 15 inches. The inner edge must extend at least to the line of the outside edge of the lower cover plate or flange of the girder.
(3) Toeboards and handrails for footwalks. Toeboards and handrails must be in compliance with WAC 296-24-750 through 296-24-75011 and WAC 296-800-260.
(4) Ladders and stairways.
(a) You must provide gantry cranes with ladders or stairways extending from the ground to the footwalk or cab platform.
(b) You must equip stairways with rigid and substantial metal handrails. You must ensure that walking surfaces are of an antislip type.
(c) You must permanently and securely fasten ladders in place and ensure that they are constructed in compliance with chapter 296-876 WAC, Ladders, portable and fixed.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23507, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; WSR 06-16-020, § 296-24-23507, filed 7/24/06, effective 12/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-23507, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-23507, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23507, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23509
Stops, bumpers, rail sweeps, and guards.

(1) Trolley stops.
(a) You must ensure that stops are provided at the limits of travel of the trolley.
(b) You must ensure that stops are fastened to resist forces applied when contacted.
(c) You must ensure that a stop engaging the tread of the wheel is of a height at least equal to the radius of the wheel.
(2) Bridge bumpers.
You must ensure that a crane is provided with bumpers or other automatic means providing equivalent effect, unless the crane travels at a slow rate of speed and has a faster deceleration rate due to the use of sleeve bearings, or is not operated near the ends of bridge and trolley travel, or is restricted to a limited distance by the nature of the crane operation and there is no hazard of striking any object in this limited distance or is used in similar operating conditions. The bumpers must be capable of stopping the crane (not including the lifted load) at an average rate of deceleration not to exceed 3 feet per second squared when traveling in either direction at 20% of the rated load speed.
(a) The bumpers must have sufficient energy absorbing capacity to stop the crane when traveling at a speed of at least 40% of rated load speed.
(b) The bumpers must be so mounted that there is no direct shear on bolts.
(c) Bumpers must be so designed and installed as to minimize parts falling from the crane in case of breakage.
(3) Trolley bumpers.
(a) You must ensure that a trolley is provided with bumpers or other automatic means of equivalent effect, unless the trolley travels at a slow rate of speed, or is not operated near the ends of bridge and trolley travel, or is restricted to a limited distance of the runway and there is no hazard of striking any object in this limited distance, or is used in similar operating conditions. The bumpers must be capable of stopping the trolley (not including the lifted load) at an average rate of deceleration not to exceed 4.7 feet per second squared when traveling in either direction at one-third of the rated load speed.
When more than one trolley is operated on the same bridge, each must be equipped with bumpers or equivalent on their adjacent ends.
(b) Bumpers or equivalent must be designed and installed to minimize parts falling from the trolley in case of age.
(4) Rail sweeps. You must ensure that bridge trucks are equipped with sweeps which extend below the top of the rail and project in front of the truck wheels.
(5) Guards for hoisting ropes.
(a) If hoisting ropes run near enough to other parts to make fouling or chafing possible, you must install guards to prevent this condition.
(b) You must provide a guard to prevent contact between bridge conductors and hoisting ropes if they could come into contact.
(6) Guards for moving parts.
(a) You must ensure that exposed moving parts such as gears, set screws, projecting keys, chains, chain sprockets, and reciprocating components which might constitute a hazard under normal operating conditions are guarded.
(b) You must ensure that guards are securely fastened.
(c) You must ensure that each guard is capable of supporting without permanent distortion the weight of a 200-pound person unless the guard is located where it is impossible for a person to step on it.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23509, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-23509, filed 11/13/80; Order 74-27, § 296-24-23509, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23509, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23511
Brakes.

(1) Brakes for hoists.
(a) You must ensure that each independent hoisting unit of a crane is equipped with at least one self-setting brake, hereafter referred to as a holding brake, applied directly to the motor shaft or some part of the gear train.
(b) You must ensure that each independent hoisting unit of a crane, except worm-geared hoists, the angle of whose worm is such as to prevent the load from accelerating in the lowering direction is, in addition to a holding brake, equipped with control braking means to prevent overspeeding.
(2) Holding brakes.
(a) Holding brakes for hoist motors must have not less than the following percentage of the full load hoisting torque at the point where the brake is applied.
(i) 125% when used with a control braking means other than mechanical.
(ii) 100% when used in conjunction with a mechanical control braking means.
(iii) 100% each if two holding brakes are provided.
(b) Holding brakes on hoists must have ample thermal capacity for the frequency of operation required by the service.
(c) Holding brakes on hoists must be applied automatically when power is removed.
(d) Where necessary holding brakes must be provided with adjustment means to compensate for wear.
(e) The wearing surface of all holding-brake drums or discs must be smooth.
(f) Each independent hoisting unit of a crane handling hot metal and having power control braking means must be equipped with at least two holding brakes.
(3) Control braking means.
(a) You must ensure that a power control braking means such as regenerative, dynamic or countertorque braking, or a mechanically controlled braking means is capable of maintaining safe lowering speeds of rated loads.
(b) You must ensure that the control braking means has ample thermal capacity for the frequency of operation required by service.
(4) Brakes for trolleys and bridges.
(a) You must ensure that foot operated brakes do not require an applied force of more than 70 pounds to develop manufacturer's rated brake torque.
(b) Brakes may be applied by mechanical, electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic, or gravity means.
(c) Where necessary you must provide brakes with adjustment means to compensate for wear.
(d) You must ensure that the wearing surface of all brake drums or discs are smooth.
(e) All foot-brake pedals must be constructed so that the operator's foot will not easily slip off the pedal.
(f) Foot-operated brakes must be equipped with automatic means for positive release when pressure is released from the pedal.
(g) You must ensure that brakes for stopping the motion of the trolley or bridge are of sufficient size to stop the trolley or bridge within a distance in feet equal to 10% of full load speed in feet per minute when traveling at full speed with full load.
(h) If holding brakes are provided on the bridge or trolley(s), you must ensure that they do not prohibit the use of a drift point in the control circuit.
(i) You must ensure that brakes on trolleys and bridges have ample thermal capacity for the frequency of operation required by the service to prevent impairment of functions from overheating.
(5) Application of trolley brakes.
(a) On cab-operated cranes with cab on trolley, a trolley brake is required as specified under (4) of this section.
(b) A drag brake may be applied to hold the trolley in a desired position on the bridge and to eliminate creep with the power off.
(6) Application of bridge brakes.
(a) On cab-operated cranes with cab on bridge, a bridge brake is required as specified under (4) of this section.
(b) On cab-operated cranes with cab on trolley, you must use a bridge brake of the holding type.
(c) On all floor, remote and pulpit-operated crane bridge drives, you must provide a brake or noncoasting mechanical drive.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23511, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23511, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23513
Electric equipment.

(1) General.
(a) Wiring and equipment must comply with chapter 296-24 WAC Part L, and WAC 296-800-280.
(b) The control circuit voltage must not exceed 600 volts for a.c. or d.c. current.
(c) The voltage at pendant pushbuttons must not exceed 150 volts for a.c. and 300 volts for d.c.
(d) Where multiple conductor cable is used with a suspended pushbutton station, the station must be supported in a manner that will protect the electrical conductors against strain.
(e) Pendant control boxes must be constructed to prevent electrical shock and must be clearly marked for identification of functions.
(2) Equipment.
(a) You must ensure that electrical equipment is located or enclosed so that live parts will not be exposed to accidental contact under normal operating conditions.
(b) You must ensure that electric equipment is protected from dirt, grease, oil, and moisture.
(c) You must ensure that guards for live parts are substantial and located so that they cannot be accidentally deformed so as to make contact with the live parts.
(3) Controllers.
(a) You must provide cranes not equipped with spring-return controllers or momentary contact pushbuttons with a device which will disconnect all motors from the line on failure of power and will not permit any motor to be restarted until the controller handle is brought to the "off" position, or a reset switch or button is operated.
(b) You must provide lever operated controllers with a notch or latch which in the "off" position prevents the handle from being inadvertently moved to the "on" position. An "off" detent or spring return arrangement is acceptable.
(c) You must ensure that the controller operating handle is located within convenient reach of the operator.
(d) You must ensure that as far as practicable, the movement of each controller handle is in the same general directions as the resultant movements of the load.
(e) You must ensure that the control for the bridge and trolley travel is located so that the operator can readily face the direction of travel.
(f) For floor-operated cranes, you must ensure that the controller or controllers if rope operated, automatically returns to the "off" position when released by the operator.
(g) You must ensure that pushbuttons in pendant stations return to the off position when pressure is released by the crane operator.
(h) You must ensure that automatic cranes are designed so that all motions shall fail-safe if any malfunction of operation occurs.
(i) You must ensure that remote-operated cranes function so that if the control signal for any crane motion becomes ineffective the crane motion must stop.
(4) Resistors.
(a) You must ensure that enclosures for resistors have openings to provide adequate ventilation, and are installed to prevent the accumulation of combustible matter near hot parts.
(b) You must ensure that resistor units are supported so as to be free as possible from vibration.
(c) You must put in place a provision to prevent broken parts or molten metal falling upon the operator or from the crane.
(5) Switches.
(a) You must ensure that the power supply to the runway conductors is controlled by a switch or circuit breaker located on a fixed structure, accessible from the floor, and arranged to be locked in the open position.
(b) You must ensure that on cab-operated cranes a switch or circuit breaker of the enclosed type, with provision for locking in the open position is provided in the leads from the runway conductors. A means of opening this switch or circuit breaker must be located within easy reach of the operator.
(c) You must ensure that on floor-operated cranes, a switch or circuit breaker of the enclosed type, with provision for locking in the open position, is provided in the leads from the runway conductors. This disconnect must be mounted on the bridge or footwalk near the runway collectors. You must provide one of the following types of floor operated disconnects:
(i) Nonconductive rope attached to the main disconnect switch.
(ii) An undervoltage trip for the main circuit breaker operated by an emergency stop button in the pendant pushbutton station.
(iii) A main line contactor operated by a switch or pushbutton in the pendant pushbutton station.
(d) You must ensure that the hoisting motion of all electric traveling cranes is provided with an overtravel limit switch in the hoisting direction.
(e) You must ensure that all cranes using a lifting magnet must have a magnet circuit switch of the enclosed type with provision for locking in the open position. You must provide means for discharging the inductive load of the magnet.
(6) Runway conductors. You must ensure that conductors of the open type mounted on the crane runway beams or overhead (sometimes known as "runway conductors") are located or guarded so that persons entering or leaving the cab or crane footwalk normally could not come into contact with them.
(7) Extension lamps. If a service receptacle is provided in the cab or on the bridge of cab-operated cranes, it must be a grounded three-prong type permanent receptacle, not exceeding 300 volts.
(8) Floor operated cranes.
(a) You must maintain an unobstructed aisle not less than three feet wide for travel of the operator except in such cases where the control handles are hung from the trolleys of traveling cranes.
(b) You must ensure that the handles of control ropes are distinctly different in contour so that, without looking, the operator will know which is the hoisting and which is the lowering handle. You must clearly indicate the direction of all movements of the crane in some manner so that the operator can easily become familiar with them.
(c) When repairing runways, repairpersons must place rail stops and warning signs or signals so as to protect both ends of the section to be repaired.
(d) Repairpersons must take care to prevent loose parts from falling or being thrown upon the floor beneath.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23513, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 01-11-038, § 296-24-23513, filed 5/9/01, effective 9/1/01. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-23513, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23513, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23515
Hoisting equipment.

(1) Sheaves.
(a) You must ensure that sheave grooves are smooth and free from surface defects which could cause rope damage.
(b) You must provide sheaves carrying ropes which can be momentarily unloaded with close-fitting guards or other suitable devices to guide the rope back into the groove when the load is applied again.
(c) You must ensure that the sheaves in the bottom block are equipped with close-fitting guards that will prevent ropes from becoming fouled when the block is laying on the ground with ropes loose.
(d) You must ensure that pockets and flanges of sheaves used with hoist chains are of such dimensions that the chain does not catch or bind during operation.
(e) You must ensure that all running sheaves are equipped with means for lubrication. Permanently lubricated, sealed and/or shielded bearings meet this requirement.
(2) Ropes.
(a) In using hoisting ropes, you must follow the crane manufacturer's recommendation. The rated load divided by the number of parts of rope must not exceed 20% of the nominal breaking strength of the rope.
(b) You must ensure that socketing is done in the manner specified by the manufacturer of the assembly.
(c) You must secure rope to the drum as follows:
(i) No less than two wraps of rope must remain on the drum when the hook is in its extreme low position.
(ii) Rope end must be anchored by a clamp securely attached to the drum, or by a socket arrangement approved by the crane or rope manufacturer.
(d) You must ensure that rope clips attached with U-bolts have the U-bolts on the dead or short end of the rope. Spacing and number of all types of clips must be in accordance with (2)(e) of this section. Clips must be drop-forged steel in all sizes manufactured commercially. When a newly installed rope has been in operation for an hour, all nuts on the clip bolts must be retightened.
(e)
Diameter
of Rope
Number of Clips Required
Space Between Clips
1
1/2
 
inch
8
10
 
 
inches
1
3/8
 
inch
7
9
 
 
inches
1
1/4
 
inch
6
8
 
 
inches
1
1/8
 
inch
5
7
 
 
inches
1
 
 
inch
5
6
 
 
inches
 
7/8
 
inch
5
5
1/4
 
inches
 
3/4
 
inch
5
4
1/2
 
inches
3/8 to 5/8
 
inch
4
3
 
 
inches
(f) You must apply swaged or compressed fittings as recommended by the rope or crane manufacturer.
(g) Wherever exposed to temperatures, at which fiber cores would be damaged, you must use rope having an independent wire-rope or wire-strand core, or other temperature-damage resistant core.
(h) You must ensure that replacement rope is the same size, grade, and construction as the original rope furnished by the crane manufacturer, unless otherwise recommended by a wire rope manufacturer due to actual working condition requirements.
(3) Equalizers. You must ensure that the tension in the parts is equalized if a load is supported by more than one part of rope.
(4) Hooks. You must ensure that hooks meet the manufacturer's recommendations and are not overloaded. Safety latch-type hooks must be used or the hook must be moused.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23515, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-23515, filed 11/13/80. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-23515, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23515, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23517
Warning device.

You must provide a gong or other effective warning signal for each crane equipped with a powered traveling mechanism except for floor operated cranes.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23517, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23517, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23519
Inspection.

(1) Inspection classification.
(a) Initial inspection. You must perform an initial inspection prior to initial use all new and altered cranes to ensure compliance with the provisions of these standards.
(b) Inspection procedure for cranes in regular service is divided into two general classifications based upon the intervals at which inspection should be performed. The intervals in turn are dependent upon the nature of the critical components of the crane and the degree of their exposure to wear, deterioration, or malfunction. The two general classifications are herein designated as "frequent" and "periodic" with respective intervals between inspections as defined below:
(i) Frequent inspection - Daily to monthly intervals.
(ii) Periodic inspection - 1 to 12 month intervals.
(2) Frequent inspection. You must inspect the following items for defects at intervals as defined in (1)(b) of this section or as specifically indicated, including observation during operation for any defects which might appear between regular inspections. All deficiencies such as listed must be carefully examined and determination made as to whether they constitute a safety hazard:
(a) All functional operating mechanisms for maladjustment interfering with proper operation. Daily.
(b) Deterioration or leakage in lines, tanks, valves, drain pumps, and other parts of air or hydraulic systems. Daily.
(c) Hooks with deformation or cracks. Visual inspection daily; monthly inspection with signed reports. For hooks with cracks or having more than 15% in excess of normal throat opening or more than 10° twist from the plane of the unbent hook refer to WAC 296-24-23523 (3)(c)(i).
(d) Hoist or load attachment chains, including end connections, for excessive wear, twist, distorted links interfering with proper function, or stretch beyond manufacturer's recommendations. Visual inspection daily; monthly inspection with signed report.
(e) Rope slings, including end connections, for excessive wear, broken wires, stretch, kinking, or twisting. Visual inspection daily; monthly inspection with signed report.
(f) All functional operating mechanisms for excessive wear of components.
(g) Rope reeving for noncompliance with manufacturer's recommendations.
(3) Periodic inspection. You must complete inspections of the crane at intervals as generally defined in (l)(b)(ii) of this section, depending upon its activity, severity of service, and environment, or as specifically indicated below. These inspections must include the requirements of (2) of this section and in addition, the following items. Any deficiencies such as listed shall be carefully examined and determination made as to whether they constitute a safety hazard:
(a) Deformed, cracked, or corroded members.
(b) Loose bolts or rivets.
(c) Cracked or worn sheaves and drums.
(d) Worn, cracked or distorted parts such as pins, bearings, shafts, gears, rollers, locking and clamping devices.
(e) Excessive wear on brake system parts, linings, pawls, and ratchets.
(f) Load, wind, and other indicators over their full range, for any significant inaccuracies.
(g) Gasoline, diesel, electric, or other powerplants for improper performance or noncompliance with applicable safety requirements.
(h) Excessive wear of chain drive sprockets and excessive chain stretch.
(i) Crane hooks. Magnetic particle or other suitable crack detecting inspection should be performed at least once each year.
(j) Electrical apparatus, for signs of pitting or any deterioration of controller contactors, limit switches and pushbutton stations.
(4) Cranes not in regular use.
(a) You must inspect a crane which has been idle for a period of 1 month or more, but less than 6 months, in conformance with requirements of (2) of this section and WAC 296-24-23525(2), before placing in service.
(b) You must completely inspect a crane which has been idle for a period of over 6 months in conformance with requirements of (2) and (3) of this section and WAC 296-24-23525(2) before placing in service.
(c) You must inspect standby cranes at least semi-annually in accordance with requirements of (2) of this section and WAC 296-24-23525(2). Standby cranes exposed to adverse environment should be inspected more frequently.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23519, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23519, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23519, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23521
Testing.

(1) Operational tests.
(a) Prior to initial use you must test all new and altered cranes to insure compliance with this section including the following functions:
(i) Hoisting and lowering.
(ii) Trolley travel.
(iii) Bridge travel.
(iv) Limit switches, locking and safety devices.
(b) You must determine the trip setting of hoist limit switches by tests with an empty hook traveling in increasing speeds up to the maximum speed. You must ensure that the actuating mechanism of the limit switch is located so that it will trip the switch, under all conditions, in sufficient time to prevent contact of the hook or hook block with any part of the trolley.
(2) Rated load test. Prior to initial use all new, extensively repaired, and altered cranes should be tested by or under the direction of an appointed or authorized person, confirming the load rating of the crane. The load rating should not be more than 80% of the maximum load sustained during the test. Test loads must not be more than 125% of the rated load unless otherwise recommended by the manufacturer. You must place the tests reports on file where readily available to appointed personnel.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23521, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23521, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23521, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23523
Maintenance.

(1) Preventive maintenance. You must establish a preventive maintenance program based on the crane manufacturer's recommendations.
(2) Maintenance procedure.
(a) Before adjustments and repairs are started on a crane you must take the following precautions:
(i) The crane to be repaired must be run to a location where it will cause the least interference with other cranes and operations in the area.
(ii) All controllers must be at the off position.
(iii) The main or emergency switch must be open and locked in the open position.
(iv) Warning or "out of order" signs must be placed on the crane, also on the floor beneath or on the hook where visible from the floor.
(v) Where other cranes are in operation on the same runway, rail stops or other suitable means must be provided to prevent interference with the idle crane.
(vi) Where temporary protective rail stops are not available, or practical, a signalperson should be placed at a visual vantage point for observing the approach of an active crane and warning its operator when reaching the limit of safe distance from the idle crane.
(b) After adjustments and repairs have been made you must not operate the crane until all guards have been reinstalled, safety devices reactivated and maintenance equipment removed.
(3) Adjustments and repairs.
(a) You must correct any unsafe conditions disclosed by the inspection requirements of WAC 296-24-23519 before operation of the crane is resumed. You must ensure that adjustments and repairs are done only by designated personnel.
(b) You must maintain adjustments to assure correct functioning of components. The following are examples:
(i) All functional operating mechanisms.
(ii) Limit switches.
(iii) Control systems.
(iv) Brakes.
(v) Power plants.
(c) You must provide repairs or replacements promptly as needed for safe operation. The following are examples:
(i) You must carefully examine accessory components, such as hooks, periodically and at the time of annual examination and inspection. You must discard cracked or deformed hooks immediately and not reused on any equipment subject to the provisions of this code.
(ii) Load attachment chains and rope slings showing defects described in WAC 296-24-23519 (2)(d) and (e) respectively.
(iii) All critical parts which are cracked, broken, bent, or excessively worn.
(iv) You must keep pendant control stations clean and function labels kept legible.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23523, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-23523, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23523, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23523, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23525
Rope inspection.

(1) Running ropes. You must perform a thorough inspection of all ropes at least once a month and keep a full written, dated, and signed report of rope condition on file where readily available to appointed personnel. You must carefully note any deterioration, resulting in appreciable loss of original strength, such as described below, and determine whether further use of the rope would constitute a safety hazard:
(a) Reduction of rope diameter below nominal diameter due to loss of core support, internal or external corrosion, or wear of outside wires.
(b) A number of broken outside wires and the degree of distribution or concentration of such broken wires.
(c) Worn outside wires.
(d) Corroded or broken wires at end connections.
(e) Corroded, cracked, bent, worn, or improperly applied end connections.
(f) Severe kinking, crushing, cutting, or unstranding.
(2) Other ropes. You must thoroughly inspect all rope which has been idle for a period of a month or more due to shutdown or storage of a crane on which it is installed before it is placed in service. You must inspect for all types of deterioration and you must ensure that the inspection is performed by an appointed person whose approval must be required for further use of the rope. You must make available for inspection a written and dated report of the rope condition.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23525, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-23525, filed 11/13/80; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23525, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23525, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23527
Handling the load.

(1) Size of load. You must ensure that the crane is not loaded beyond its rated load except for test purposes as provided in WAC 296-24-23521.
(2) Attaching the load.
(a) You must ensure that the hoist chain or hoist rope is free from kinks or twists and is not be wrapped around the load.
(b) The load must be attached to the load block hook by means of slings or other approved devices.
(c) You must take care to make certain that the sling clears all obstacles.
(3) Moving the load.
(a) You must ensure that the load is well secured and properly balanced in the sling or lifting device before it is lifted more than a few inches.
(b) Before starting to hoist you must note the following conditions:
(i) Hoist rope must not be kinked.
(ii) Multiple part lines must not be twisted around each other.
(iii) The hook must be brought over the load in such a manner as to prevent swinging.
(c) During hoisting you must take care that:
(i) There is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load.
(ii) The load does not contact any obstructions.
(d) You must ensure that cranes are not used for side pulls except when specifically authorized by a responsible person who has determined that the stability of the crane is not thereby endangered and that various parts of the crane will not be overstressed.
(e) While any employee is on the load or hook, you must ensure that there is no hoisting, lowering, or traveling.
(f) The employer must require that the operator avoid carrying loads over people.
(g) The operator must test the brakes each time a load approaching the rated load is handled. You must test the brakes by raising the load a few inches and applying the brakes.
(h) The load must not be lowered below the point where less than two full wraps of rope remain on the hoisting drum.
(i) When two or more cranes are used to lift a load one qualified responsible person must be in charge of the operation. The qualified person must analyze the operation and instruct all personnel involved in the proper positioning, rigging of the load, and the movements to be made.
(j) The employer must assure that the operator does not leave the control position while the load is suspended.
(k) When starting the bridge and when the load or hook approaches near or over personnel, you must sound the warning signal.
(4) Hoist limit switch.
(a) At the beginning of each operator's shift, the operator must try out the upper limit switch of each hoist under no load. Extreme care must be exercised; the block must be "inched" into the limit or run in at slow speed. If the switch does not operate properly, the appointed person must be immediately notified.
(b) You must never use the hoist limit switch which controls the upper limit of travel of the load block as an operating control.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23527, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-23527, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23527, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23527, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23529
Operators.

(1) You must ensure that cranes are operated only by regular crane operators, authorized substitutes who have had adequate experience and training under the supervision of a competent operator, or by crane repairmen or inspectors.
(2) You must ensure that crane operators are able to communicate with others at the worksite sufficiently to understand the signs, notices, operation instructions, and the signal code in use to ensure safe operation of the crane.
(3) You must ensure that no minor under eighteen years of age is employed in occupations involving the operation of any power-driven hoisting apparatus or assisting in such operations by work such as hooking on, loading slings, rigging gear, etc.
(4) You must ensure that no person is permitted to operate a crane whose hearing or eye-sight is impaired, or who may be suffering from heart disease or similar ailments. The following physical qualifications must be minimum requirements for overhead and gantry crane operators and trainees:
(a) They must have vision of at least 20/30 in one eye, and 20/50 in the other, with or without corrective lenses.
(b) They must be able to distinguish colors, regardless of position of colors, if color differential is required for operation.
(c) Their hearing, with or without hearing aid, must be adequate for a specific operation.
(d) They must have sufficient strength, endurance, agility, coordination, and speed of reaction to meet the demands of equipment operation.
(e) They must have normal depth perception, field of vision, reaction time, manual dexterity, coordination and no tendencies to dizziness or similar undesirable characteristics.
(f) Evidence of physical defects, or emotional instability which could render the operator or trainee a hazard to their self or others, or could interfere with their safe performance may be sufficient cause for disqualification. In such cases, you must require specialized clinical or medical judgments or tests (which include annual medical certification for recovered heart attack patients).
(g) Evidence that an operator or trainee is subject to seizures or loss of physical control must be sufficient reason for disqualification. You must require specialized medical tests to substantiate these conditions.
(5) Persons who have recovered from a heart attack must be exempted from the provisions of subsection (4) of this section, as it pertains to their heart condition, provided:
(a) A medical release is obtained from their attending medical doctor.
(b) The release must state that the operation of a crane will not present a hazard to their self or others.
(c) An examination by a medical doctor, and renewal of the work release certification is required annually.
(6) The operator must be fully familiar with all crane rules and with the crane mechanism and its proper care. Needed adjustments or repairs must be reported at once to the proper authority.
(7) The operator must not eat, smoke or read while actually engaged in the operation of the crane, or operate the crane when physically unfit.
(8) The operator or someone especially designated must properly lubricate all working parts of the crane.
(9) You must keep cranes clean.
(10) You must ensure that whenever the operator finds the main or emergency switch open, it is not closed, even when starting on regular duty, until it is determined that no one is on or about the crane. You must not oil or repair the crane unless the main switch is open.
(11) If the power goes off, the operator must immediately throw all controllers to "off" position until the power is again available.
(12) The operator must make sure that all controllers are in "off" position until the power is again available before closing the main switch.
(13) You must ensure that the operator recognizes signals only from the employee who is supervising the lift. Operating signals must follow an established standard. Whistle signals may be used where only one crane is in operation.
(14) You must ensure that bumping into runway stops or other cranes is avoided. When the operator is ordered to engage with or push other cranes, it must be done with special care for the safety of persons on or below cranes.
(15) You must ensure that when lowering a load, the operator proceeds carefully and makes sure the load is under safe control.
(16) You must ensure that when leaving the cage the operator throws all controllers to "off" position and opens the main switch.
(17) You must ensure that if the crane is located out-of-doors the operator locks the crane in a secure position to prevent it from being blown along or off the track by a severe wind.
(18) Operators must not permit anyone to ride on the load or hooks, unless using a lifeline or safety device approved by the department.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 18-03-159, § 296-24-23529, filed 1/23/18, effective 2/23/18; WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23529, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040 and [49.17].050. WSR 99-17-094, § 296-24-23529, filed 8/17/99, effective 12/1/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-23529, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. WSR 89-11-035 (Order 89-03), § 296-24-23529, filed 5/15/89, effective 6/30/89; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23529, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23529, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23531
Other requirementsGeneral.

(1) Ladders.
(a) The employer must ensure that hands are free from encumbrances while personnel are using ladders.
(b) You must lift and lower articles which are too large to be carried in pockets or belts by hand line.
(2) Cabs.
(a) You must store necessary clothing and personal belongings in such a manner as not to interfere with access or operation.
(b) You must store tools, oil cans, waste, extra fuses, and other necessary articles in the tool box, and you must not permit them to lie loose in or about the cab.
(3) Fire extinguishers. You must ensure that operators are familiar with the operation and care of fire extinguishers provided.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23531, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-23531, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-23531, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-23533
Crane and derrick suspended personnel (work) platforms.

(1) Scope and application. This standard applies to the design, construction, testing, use and maintenance of personnel platforms, and the hoisting of personnel platforms on the load lines of cranes or derricks.
(2) Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
Failure. Load refusal, breakage, or separation of components.
Hoist (or hoisting). All crane or derrick functions such as lowering, lifting, swinging, booming in and out or up and down, or suspending a personnel platform.
Load refusal. The point where the ultimate strength is exceeded.
Maximum intended load. The total load of all employees tools, materials, and other loads reasonably anticipated to be applied to a personnel platform or personnel platform component at any one time.
Runway. A firm, level surface designed, prepared, and designated as a path of travel for the weight and configuration of the crane being used to lift and travel with the crane suspended platform. An existing surface may be used as long as it meets these criteria.
(3) General requirements. The use of a crane or derrick to hoist employees on a personnel platform is prohibited, except when the erection, use, and dismantling of conventional means of reaching the worksite, such as a personnel hoist, ladder, stairway, aerial lift, elevating work platform or scaffold, would be more hazardous, or is not possible because of structural design or worksite conditions.
(4) Operational criteria.
(a) You must perform hoisting of the personnel platform in a slow, controlled, cautious manner with no sudden movements of the crane or derrick, or the platform.
(b) You must ensure that load lines are capable of supporting, without failure, at least 7 times the maximum intended load, except that where rotation resistant rope is used, the lines must be capable of supporting without failure, at least 10 times the maximum intended load. The required design factor is achieved by taking the current safety factor of 3.5 and applying the 50% derating of the crane capacity.
(c) You must engage load and boom hoist drum brakes, swing brakes, and locking devices such as pawls or dogs when the occupied personnel platform is in a stationary working position.
(d) You must equip cranes and derricks with variable angle booms with a boom angle indicator, readily visible to the operator.
(e) You must equip cranes with telescoping booms with a device to indicate clearly to the operator, at all times, the boom's extended length, or you must make an accurate determination of the load radius to be used during the lift prior to hoisting personnel.
(f) You must use a positive acting device which prevents contact between the load block or overhaul ball and the boom tip (anti-two-blocking device), or you must use a system which deactivates the hoisting action before damage occurs in the event of a two-blocking situation (two block damage prevention feature).
(g) You must ensure that the load line hoist drum has a system or device on the power train, other than the load hoist brake, which regulates the lowering rate of speed of the hoist mechanism (controlled load lowering). Free fall is prohibited.
(h) You must ensure that the crane is uniformly level within 1% of level grade and located on firm footing. You must ensure that cranes equipped with outriggers have them all fully deployed following manufacturer's specifications, insofar as applicable, when hoisting employees.
(i) You must ensure that the total weight of the loaded personnel platform and related rigging does not exceed 50% of the rated capacity for the radius and configuration of the crane or derrick.
(j) The use of machines having live booms (booms in which lowering is controlled by a brake without aid from other devices which slow the lowering speeds) is prohibited.
(k) Multiple-part line block: When a multiple-part line block is in use, you must use a substantial strap between the crane hook and common ring, shackle, or other equivalent device, to eliminate employee exposure to the lines running through the block, and to the block itself.
(5) Rigging.
(a) Lifting bridles on box-type platforms must consist of four legs of equal length, with one end securely shackled to each corner of the platform and the other end securely attached to a common ring, shackle, or other equivalent device to accommodate the crane hook, or a strap to the crane hook.
(b) You must secure shackle bolts used for rigging of personnel platforms against displacement.
(c) A substantial safety line must pass through the eye of each leg of the bridle adjacent to the common ring, shackle, or equivalent device and be securely fastened with a minimum amount of slack to the lift line above the headache ball or to the crane hook itself.
(d) All eyes in wire rope sling must be fabricated with thimbles.
(e) Wire rope, shackles, rings, master links, and other rigging hardware must be capable of supporting, without failure, at least 5 times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to that component. Where rotation resistant wire rope is used for slings, they must be capable of supporting without failure at least 10 times the maximum intended load.
(f) Hooks on headache ball assemblies, lower load blocks, or other attachment assemblies must be of a type that can be closed and locked, eliminating the hook throat opening. Alternatively, an alloy anchor type shackle with a bolt, nut, and retaining pin must be used.
(g) You must only use bridles and associated rigging for attaching the personnel platform to the hoist line for the platform and the necessary employees, their tools and the materials necessary to do their work, and you must not use them for any other purpose when not hoisting personnel.
(6) Personnel platforms - Design criteria.
(a) The personnel platform and suspension system must be designed by a qualified engineer or a qualified person competent in structural design.
(b) The suspension system must be designed to minimize tipping of the platform due to movement of employees occupying the platform.
(c) The personnel platform itself, except the guardrail system and body belt/harness anchorages, must be capable of supporting, without failure, its own weight and at least 5 times the maximum intended load based on a minimum allowance of 500 pounds for the first person with light tools, and an additional 250 pounds for each additional person.
(d) The personnel platform must be conspicuously posted with a plate or other permanent marking which indicates the weight of the platform and its rated load capacity or maximum intended load.
(7) Platform specifications.
(a) You must equip each personnel platform with a guardrail system which meets the requirements of WAC 296-24-75011, and is enclosed at least from the toeboard to mid-rail with either solid construction or expanded metal having openings no greater than 1/2 inch (1.27 cm).
(b) You must install a grab rail inside the entire perimeter of the personnel platform.
(c) You must ensure that access gates, if installed, do not swing outward during hoisting.
(d) You must equip access gates, including sliding or folding gates, with a restraining device to prevent accidental opening.
(e) You must provide headroom which allows employees to stand upright in the platform.
(f) In addition to the use of hard hats, you must protect employees by overhead protection on the personnel platform when employees are exposed to falling objects.
(g) You must surface or smooth all rough edges exposed to contact by employees in order to prevent injury to employees from punctures or lacerations.
(h) You must ensure that all welding of the personnel platform and its components is performed by a qualified welder familiar with the weld grades, types, and material specified in the platform design.
(i) Occupants of all personnel platforms must wear a safety belt or harness and lanyard which meets the requirements of ANSI A10.14-1975.
(j) Box-type platform: The workers lanyard must be secured to the work platform or guardrail of the work platform.
(k) Rescue platform:
(i) If the platform is used as a rescue vehicle, the injured worker must be strapped into the stretcher or basket.
(ii) The basket must then be secured by lanyard to an anchorage within the platform.
(l) Boatswains chair: You must ensure that the workers lanyard is secured to the lift line above the headache ball or to the crane hook itself.
(m) Barrel-type platform:
(i) The workers lanyard must be secured to the lift line above the headache ball or to the crane hook itself.
(ii) A solid bar or rod must be substantially attached in a rigid position to the bottom or side of the platform.
(iii) The side bar or rod must extend a minimum of 8 feet above the floor of the work platform.
(iv) The bottom of the barrel-type platform must be of a convex shape to cause the platform to lay on its side when lowered to the ground or floor.
(v) Workers must enter and exit from barrel-type platforms only when they are in an upright position, stable, and securely attached to the load line.
(vi) The employer must use methods or devices which allow employees to safely enter or exit barrel-type platforms.
(8) Personnel platform loading.
(a) You must ensure that the personnel platform is not loaded in excess of its rated load capacity.
(b) You must ensure that the number of employees occupying the personnel platform does not exceed the number required for the work being performed.
(c) You must ensure that the personnel platforms are used only for employees, their tools, and the materials necessary to do their work, and are not used to hoist only materials or tools when not hoisting personnel.
(d) You must secure materials and tools for use during a personnel lift to prevent displacement.
(e) You must evenly distribute materials and tools for use during a personnel lift within the confines of the platform while the platform is suspended.
(9) Trial lift, inspection, and prooftesting.
(a) You must make a trial lift with the unoccupied personnel platform loaded at least to the anticipated liftweight from ground level, or any other location where employees will enter the platform, to each location at which the personnel platform is to be hoisted and positioned. You must perform this trial lift immediately prior to placing personnel on the platform. The operator must determine that all systems, controls, and safety devices are activated and functioning properly; that no interferences exist; and that all configurations necessary to reach those work locations will allow the operator to remain under the 50% limit of the hoist's rated capacity. Materials and tools to be used during the actual lift can be loaded in the platform, as provided in subsection (8)(d) and (e) of this section for the trial lift. A single trial lift may be performed at one time for all locations that are to be reached from a single set-up position.
(b) You must repeat the trial lift prior to hoisting employees whenever the crane or derrick is moved and set up in a new location or returned to a previously used location. Additionally, you must repeat the trial lift when the lift route is changed unless the operator determines that the route change is not significant (i.e., the route change would not affect the safety of hoisted employees).
(c) After the trial lift, and just prior to hoisting personnel, you must hoist the platform a few inches and inspect it to ensure that it is secure and properly balanced. You must not hoist employees unless the following conditions are determined to exist:
(i) Hoist ropes must be free of kinks;
(ii) Multiple part lines must not be twisted around each other;
(iii) The primary attachment must be centered over the platform; and
(iv) The hoisting system must be inspected if the load rope is slack to ensure all ropes are properly stated on drums and in sheaves.
(d) A competent person must conduct a visual inspection of the crane or derrick, rigging, personnel platform, and the crane or derrick base support or ground immediately after the trial lift to determine whether the testing has exposed any defect or produced any adverse effect upon any component or structure.
(e) You must correct any defects found during inspections which create a safety hazard before hoisting personnel.
(f) At each job site, prior to hoisting employees on the personnel platform, and after any repair or modification, you must prooftest the platform and rigging to 125% of the platform's rated capacity by holding it in a suspended position for 5 minutes with the test load evenly distributed on the platform (this may be done concurrently with the trial lift). After prooftesting, a competent person must inspect the platform and rigging. You must correct any deficiencies found and conduct another prooftest. You must not conduct personnel hoisting until the prooftesting requirements are satisfied.
(g) The employer must retain at the job site and produce when requested, documentation such as lift capacity information, verifying that the requirements of this standard have been met.
(10) Work practices.
(a) Employees must keep all parts of the body inside the platform during raising, lowering, and positioning. This provision does not apply to an occupant of the platform performing the duties of a signal person.
(b) Before employees exit or enter a hoisted personnel platform that is not landed, you must secure the platform to the structure where the work is to be performed, unless securing to the structure creates an unsafe situation.
(c) You must use tag lines unless their use creates an unsafe condition.
(d) The crane or derrick operator must remain at the controls at all times when the crane engine is running and the platform is occupied.
(e) You must promptly discontinue hoisting of employees upon indication of any dangerous weather conditions or other impending danger.
(f) Employees being hoisted must remain in continuous sight of and in direct communication with the operator or signal person. In those situations where direct visual contact with the operator is not possible, and the use of a signal person would create a greater hazard for that person, direct communication alone such as by radio may be used.
(g) Hand signals to the operator must be in accordance with those prescribed by the applicable ANSI standard for the type of crane or lift in use unless voice communication equipment is utilized. Signals must be discernable or audible at all times.
(h) Except over water, employees occupying the personnel platform must use a body belt/harness system with lanyard appropriately attached to the lower load block or overhaul ball, or to a structural member within the personnel platform capable of supporting a fall impact for employees using the anchorage.
(i) Lifts must not be made on another of the crane's or derrick's load lines while personnel are suspended on a platform.
(11) Traveling.
(a) Hoisting of employees while the crane is traveling is prohibited except for portal, tower and locomotive cranes, or where the employer demonstrates that there is no less hazardous way to perform the work.
(b) Under any circumstances where a crane would travel while hoisting personnel, the employer must implement the following procedures to safeguard employees:
(i) Crane travel must be restricted to a fixed track or runway;
(ii) Travel must be limited to the load radius of the boom used during the lift; and
(iii) The boom must be parallel to the direction of travel.
(c) You must perform a complete trial run to test the route of travel before employees are allowed to occupy the platform. This trial run can be performed at the same time as the trial lift required by subsection (9)(a) of this section which tests the route of the lift.
(d) If travel is done with a rubber tired-carrier, you must check the condition and air pressure of the tires. You must use the chart capacity for lifts on rubber for application of the 50% reduction of rated capacity. Notwithstanding subsection (4)(i) of this section, outriggers may be partially retracted as necessary for travel.
(12) Prelift meeting.
(a) You must hold a meeting attended by the crane or derrick operator, signal person(s) (if necessary for the lift), employee(s) to be lifted, and the person responsible for the task to be performed to review the appropriate requirements of this section and the procedures to be followed.
(b) You must hold this meeting prior to the trial lift at each new location, and repeat it for any employees newly assigned to the operation.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-23533, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].040, and [49.17].050. WSR 00-08-078, § 296-24-23533, filed 4/4/00, effective 7/1/00. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 96-09-030, § 296-24-23533, filed 4/10/96, effective 6/1/96; WSR 91-03-044 (Order 90-18), § 296-24-23533, filed 1/10/91, effective 2/12/91.]



296-24-237
Construction, operation and maintenanceChain and electric hoists.

(1) You must ensure that chain and electric hoists are of what is known as "all steel construction." No cast iron may be used in parts subject to tension except drums, bearings or brake shoes.
(2) You must ensure that the chains are made of the best quality steel or iron with welded links.
(3) You must ensure that chain and electric hoists have a factor of safety of at least 5.
(4) You must ensure that chain and electric hoists are equipped with an approved device which will automatically lock the load when hoisting is stopped.
(5) You must ensure that electric hoists are provided with an approved limit stop to prevent the hoist block from traveling too far in case the operating handle is not released in time.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-237, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-237, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-237, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-238
Air hoists.

(1) You must prevent piston rod lock nuts from becoming loose and allowing rod to drop when supporting a load. A lock nut must be secured to piston rod by a castellated nut and cotter-pin.
(2) You must use a clevis or other means to prevent hoists cylinder becoming detached from hanger.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-238, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-238, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-238, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-240
Crawler locomotive and truck cranes.

[Order 73-5, § 296-24-240, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-240, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24001
Definitions.

Accessory. A secondary part or assembly of parts which contributes to the overall function and usefulness of a machine.
Angle indicator (boom). An accessory which measures the angle of the boom to the horizontal.
ANSI. The American National Standards Institute.
Appointed. Assigned specific responsibilities by the employer or the employer's representative.
Axis of rotation. The vertical axis around which the crane superstructure rotates.
Axle. The shaft or spindle with which or about which a wheel rotates. On truck- and wheel-mounted cranes it refers to an automotive type of axle assembly including housings, gearing, differential, bearings, and mounting appurtenances.
Axle (bogie). Two or more automotive-type axles mounted in tandem in a frame so as to divide the load between the axles and permit vertical oscillation of the wheels.
Base (mounting). The traveling base or carrier on which the rotating superstructure is mounted such as a car, truck, crawlers, or wheel platform.
Boom (crane). A member hinged to the front of the rotating superstructure with the outer end supported by ropes leading to a gantry or "A" frame and used for supporting the hoisting tackle.
Boom angle. The angle between the longitudinal centerline of the boom and the horizontal. The boom longitudinal centerline is a straight line between the boom foot pin (heel pin) centerline and boom point sheave pin centerline.
Boom hoist. A hoist drum and rope reeving system used to raise and lower the boom. The rope system may be all live reeving or a combination of live reeving and pendants.
Boom stop. A device used to limit the angle of the boom at the highest position.
Brake. A device used for retarding or stopping motion by friction or power means.
Cab. Housing which covers the rotating superstructure machinery and/or operator's station. On truck crane trucks a separate cab covers the driver's station.
Clutch. A friction, electromagnetic, hydraulic, pneumatic, or positive mechanical device for engagement or disengagement of power.
Counterweight. A weight used to supplement the weight of the machine in providing stability for lifting working loads.
Crawler crane. A rotating superstructure with power plant, operating machinery, and boom, mounted on a base, equipped with crawler treads for travel. Its function is to hoist and swing loads at various radii.
Designated. Selected or assigned by the employer or the employer's representative as being qualified to perform specific duties.
Drum. The cylindrical members around which ropes are wound for raising and lowering the load or boom.
Dynamic (loading). Loads introduced into the machine or its components by forces in motion.
Gantry (A-frame). A structural frame, extending above the superstructure, to which the boom supports ropes are reeved.
Jib. An extension attached to the boom point to provide added boom length for lifting specified loads. The jib may be in line with the boom or offset to various angles.
Load (working). The external load, in pounds, applied to the crane, including the weight of load-attaching equipment such as load blocks, shackles, and slings.
Load block (lower). The assembly of hook or shackle, swivel, sheaves, pins, and frame suspended by the hoisting ropes.
Load block (upper). The assembly of hook or shackle, swivel, sheaves, pins, and frame suspended from the boom point.
Load hoist. A hoist drum and rope reeving system used for hoisting and lowering loads.
Load ratings. Crane ratings in pounds established by the manufacturer in accordance with WAC 296-24-24005.
Locomotive crane. A rotating superstructure with power plant, operating machinery and boom, mounted on a base or car equipped for travel on railroad track. It may be self-propelled or propelled by an outside source. Its function is to hoist and swing loads at various radii.
Outriggers. Extendable or fixed metal arms, attached to the mounting base, which rest on supports at the outer ends.
Rail clamp. A tong-like metal device, mounted on a locomotive crane car, which can be connected to the track.
Reeving. A rope system in which the rope travels around drums and sheaves.
Rope. Refers to a wire rope unless otherwise specified.
Side loading. A load applied at an angle to the vertical plane of the boom.
Standby crane. A crane which is not in regular service but which is used occasionally or intermittently as required.
Standing (guy) rope. A supporting rope which maintains a constant distance between the points of attachment to the two components connected by the rope.
Structural competence. The ability of the machine and its components to withstand the stresses imposed by applied loads.
Superstructure. The rotating upper frame structure of the machine and the operating machinery mounted thereon.
Swing. The rotation of the superstructure for movement of loads in a horizontal direction about the axis of rotation.
Swing mechanism. The machinery involved in providing rotation of the superstructure.
Tackle. An assembly of ropes and sheaves arranged for hoisting and pulling.
Transit. The moving or transporting of a crane from one job site to another.
Travel. The functions of the machine moving from one location to another, on a job site.
Travel mechanism. The machinery involved in providing travel.
Truck crane. A rotating superstructure with power plant, operating machinery and boom, mounted on an automotive truck equipped with a power plant for travel. Its function is to hoist and swing loads at various radii.
Wheel mounted crane (wagon crane). A rotating superstructure with power plant, operating machinery and boom, mounted on a base or platform equipped with axles and rubber-tired wheels for travel. The base is usually propelled by the engine in the superstructure, but it may be equipped with a separate engine controlled from the superstructure. Its function is to hoist and swing loads at various radii.
Wheelbase. The distance between centers of front and rear axles. For a multiple axle assembly the axle center for wheelbase measurement is taken as the midpoint of the assembly.
Whipline (auxiliary hoist). A separate hoist rope system of lighter load capacity and higher speed than provided by the main hoist.
Winch head. A power driven spool for handling of loads by means of friction between fiber or wire rope and spool.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24001, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24001, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24003
General requirements.

(1) Application. This section applies to crawler cranes, locomotive cranes, wheel mounted cranes of both truck and self-propelled wheel type, and any variations thereof which retain the same fundamental characteristics. This section includes only cranes of the above types, which are basically powered by internal combustion engines or electric motors and which utilize drums and ropes. Cranes designed for railway and automobile wreck clearances are excepted. The requirements of these standards are applicable only to machines when used as lifting cranes.
(2) New and existing equipment. All new crawler, locomotive, and truck cranes constructed and utilized on or after the effective date of these standards, must meet the design specifications of the American National Standard Safety Code for Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes, ANSI B 30.5-1968. Crawler, locomotive, and truck cranes constructed prior to the effective date of these standards should be modified to conform to those design specifications by December 31, 1973, unless it can be shown that the crane cannot feasibly or economically be altered and that the crane substantially complies with the requirements of this section. Replacement parts must be of equal or better quality than the original equipment and suitable for the purpose. Repairs or modifications must be such as to render the equipment equal to or better than the original construction or design.
(3) Designated personnel. You must ensure that only designated personnel are permitted to operate a crane covered by this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24003, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 74-27, § 296-24-24003, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24003, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24005
Load ratings.

(1) Load ratingsWhere stability governs lifting performance.
(a) The margin of stability for determination of load ratings, with booms of stipulated lengths at stipulated working radii for the various types of crane mountings is established by taking a percentage of the loads which will produce a condition of tipping or balance with the boom in the least stable direction, relative to the mounting. The load ratings must not exceed the following percentages for cranes, with the indicated types of mounting under conditions stipulated in (1)(b) and (c) of this section.
 
Type of crane mounting:
Maximum load ratings (% of tipping loads)
Locomotive, without outriggers;
 
 
Booms 60 feet or less . . . .
85
 
Booms over 60 feet . . . .
851
Locomotive, using outriggers fully extended . . . .
80
Crawler, without outriggers . . . .
75
Crawler, using outriggers fully extended . . . .
85
Truck and wheel mounted without outriggers
 
 
or using outriggers fully extended . . . .
85
1
Unless this results in less than 30,000 pound-feet net stabilizing moment about the rail, which must be minimum with such booms.
(b) The following stipulation must govern the application of the values in (1)(a) of this section for locomotive cranes:
(i) Tipping with or without the use of outriggers occurs when half of the wheels farthest from the load leave the rail.
(ii) The crane must be standing on track which is level within 1% grade.
(iii) Radius of the load is the horizontal distance from a projection of the axis of rotation to the rail support surface, before loading, to the center of vertical hoist line or tackle with load applied.
(iv) Tipping loads from which ratings are determined must be applied under static conditions only, i.e., without dynamic effect of hoisting, lowering, or swinging.
(v) The weight of all auxiliary handling devices such as hoist blocks, hooks, and slings must be considered a part of the load rating.
(c) Stipulations governing the application of the values in (1)(a) of this section for crawler, truck, and wheel-mounted cranes must be in accordance with Crane Load-Stability Test Code. Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J765.
Note:
The effectiveness of these preceding stability factors will be influenced by such additional factors as freely suspended loads, track, wind, or ground conditions, condition and inflation of rubber tires, boom lengths, proper operating speeds for existing conditions, and, in general, careful and competent operation. All of these must be taken into account by the user.
(2) Rated capacity chart. You must post a chart indicating the manufacturer's rated capacity at all operating radii for all permissible boom lengths and jib lengths with alternate ratings for optional equipment affecting such ratings in all mobile type cranes. Rated capacity charts must be readily visible to the operator in the normal operating position.
(3) Inspection classification. Initial inspection. You must inspect all new and altered cranes prior to initial use to ensure compliance with provisions of these standards.
(4) You must ensure that all hooks are of the safety latch-type or the hook must be moused.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24005, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-24005, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-24005, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24005, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24007
Inspection classification.

(1) Regular inspection. Inspection procedure for cranes in regular service is divided into two general classifications based upon the intervals at which inspection should be performed. The intervals in turn are dependent upon the nature of the critical components of the crane and the degree of their exposure to wear, deterioration, or malfunction. The two general classifications are herein designated as "frequent" and "periodic" with respective intervals between inspections as defined below:
(a) Frequent inspection: Daily to monthly intervals.
(b) Periodic inspection: One- to 12-month intervals, or as specifically recommended by the manufacturer.
(2) Frequent inspection. You must inspect items such as the following for defects at intervals as defined in subsection (1)(a) of this section or as specifically indicated including observation during operation for any defects which might appear between regular inspection. Any deficiencies such as listed must be carefully examined and determination made as to whether they constitute a safety hazard:
(a) All control mechanisms for maladjustment interfering with proper operation: Daily.
(b) All control mechanisms for excessive wear of components and contamination by lubricants or other foreign matter.
(c) All safety devices for malfunction.
(d) Deterioration or leakage in air or hydraulic systems: Daily.
(e) Crane hooks with deformations or cracks. For hooks with cracks or having more than 15% in excess of normal throat opening or more than 10° twist from the plane of the unbent hook.
(f) Rope reeving for noncompliance with manufacturer's recommendations.
(g) Electrical apparatus for malfunctioning, signs of excessive deterioration, dirt, and moisture accumulation.
(3) Periodic inspection. You must perform complete inspections of the crane at intervals as generally defined in subsection (1)(b) of this section depending upon its activity, severity of service, and environment, or as specifically indicated below. These inspections must include the requirements of subsection (2) of this section and in addition, items such as the following. You must carefully examine any deficiencies such as listed and determine whether they constitute a safety hazard:
(a) Deformed, cracked, or corroded members, in the crane structure and boom.
(b) Loose bolts or rivets.
(c) Cracked or worn sheaves and drums.
(d) Worn, cracked, or distorted parts such as pins, bearings, shafts, gears, rollers and locking devices.
(e) Excessive wear on brake and clutch system parts, linings, pawls, and ratchets.
(f) Load, boom angle, and other indicators over their full range, for any significant inaccuracies.
(g) Gasoline, diesel, electric, or other power plants for improper performance or noncompliance with safety requirements.
(h) Excessive wear of chain-drive sprockets and excessive chain stretch.
(i) Travel steering, braking, and locking devices, for malfunction.
(j) Excessively worn or damaged tires.
(4) Cranes not in regular use.
(a) A crane which has been idle for a period of one month or more, but less than 6 months, must be given an inspection conforming with requirements of subsection (2) of this section and WAC 296-24-24013 (2)(b) before placing in service.
(b) A crane which has been idle for a period of 6 months must be given a complete inspection conforming with requirements of subsection (2) and (3) of this section and WAC 296-24-24013 (2)(b) before placing in service.
(c) You must inspect standby cranes at least semi-annually in accordance with requirements of subsection (2) of this section and WAC 296-24-24013 (2)(b). Such cranes which are exposed to adverse environment should be inspected more frequently.
(5) Inspection records. You must make written, dated, and signed inspection reports and records monthly on critical items in use such as brakes, crane hooks, and ropes. You must keep records readily available.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 18-03-159, § 296-24-24007, filed 1/23/18, effective 2/23/18; WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24007, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24007, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24007, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24009
Testing.

(1) Operational tests.
(a) In addition to prototype tests and quality-control measures, the user of each new production crane must require that it be tested and related data supplied by the manufacturer to the extent necessary to assure compliance with the operational requirements of this subsection including functions such as the following:
(i) Load hoisting and lowering mechanisms
(ii) Boom hoisting and lower mechanisms
(iii) Swinging mechanism
(iv) Travel mechanism
(v) Safety devices
(b) You must conduct such tests at final assembly where the complete production crane is not supplied by one manufacturer.
(c) You must make certified production-crane test results available.
(2) Rated load test.
(a) You must make written reports available showing test procedures and confirming the adequacy of repairs or alterations.
(b) Test loads must not exceed 110% of the rated load at any selected working radius.
(c) Where rerating is necessary:
(i) You must test crawler, truck, and wheel-mounted cranes in accordance with SAE Recommended Practice, Crane Load Stability Test Code J765 (April 1961).
(ii) You must locate test crawler cranes in accordance with WAC 296-24-24005 (1)(a) and (b).
(iii) You must make rerating test report readily available.
(d) You must not rerate cranes in excess of the original load ratings unless such rating changes are approved by the crane manufacturer or final assembler.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24009, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-24009, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24009, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24009, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24011
Maintenance procedure.

(1) You must correct any unsafe conditions disclosed by the inspection requirements of this section before operation of the crane is resumed. Adjustments and repairs must be done only by designated personnel.
(2) You must not operate the crane until all guards have been reinstalled, safety devices reactivated, and maintenance equipment removed after adjustments and repairs have been made.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24011, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24011, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24011, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24013
Rope inspection.

(1) Running ropes. You must perform a thorough inspection of all ropes in use at least once a month and keep a full written, dated, and signed report of rope condition on file where readily available. All inspections must be performed by an appointed or authorized person. You must carefully note any deterioration, resulting in appreciable loss of original strength, such as described below, and make a determination as to whether further use of the rope would constitute a safety hazard:
(a) Reduction of rope diameter below nominal diameter due to loss of core support, internal, or external corrosion or wear of outside wires.
(b) A number of broken outside wires and the degree of distribution of concentration of such broken wires.
(c) Worn outside wires.
(d) Corroded or broken wires at end connections.
(e) Corroded, cracked, bent, worn, or improperly applied end connections.
(f) Severe kinking, crushing, cutting, or unstranding.
(2) Other ropes.
(a) Heavy wear and/or broken wires may occur in sections in contact with equalizer sheaves or other sheaves where rope travel is limited, or with saddles. You must take particular care to inspect ropes at these locations.
(b) You must give a thorough inspection of all rope which has been idle for a period of a month or more due to shut down or storage of a crane on which it is installed before it is placed in service. This inspection must be for all types of deterioration and must be performed by an appointed or authorized person whose approval is required for further use of the rope. You must make a written and dated report of the rope condition available.
(c) You must take particular care in the inspection of nonrotating rope.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24013, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24013, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24013, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24015
Handling the load.

(1) Size of load.
(a) You must not load any crane beyond the rated load, except for test purposes as provided in WAC 296-24-24009.
(b) When loads which are limited by structural competence rather than by stability are to be handled, you must ascertain that the weight of the load has been determined within plus or minus 10% before it is lifted.
(2) Attaching the load.
(a) You must ensure that the hoist rope is not wrapped around the load.
(b) You must ensure that the load is attached to the hook by means of slings or other approved devices.
(3) Moving the load.
(a) The employer must ensure that:
(i) The crane is level and where necessary blocked properly.
(ii) The load is well secured and properly balanced in the sling or lifting device before it is lifted more than a few inches.
(b) Before starting to hoist, you must note the following conditions:
(i) Hoist rope must not be kinked.
(ii) Multiple part lines must not be twisted around each other.
(iii) The hook must be brought over the load in such a manner as to prevent swinging.
(iv) If there is a slack rope condition, it should be determined that the rope is properly seated on the drum and in the sheaves.
(c) During hoisting you must take care that:
(i) There is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load.
(ii) The load does not contact any obstructions.
(d) You must ensure that side loading of booms is limited to freely suspended loads. You must not use cranes for dragging loads sideways.
(e) You must not do any hoisting, lowering, swinging, or traveling while anyone is on the load or hook.
(f) The operator should avoid carrying loads over people.
(g) On truck mounted cranes, you must not lift any loads over the front area except as approved by the crane manufacturer.
(h) The operator must test the brakes each time a load approaching the rated load is handled by raising it a few inches and applying the brakes.
(i) You must use outriggers when the load to be handled at that particular radius exceeds the rated load without outriggers as given by the manufacturer for that crane. Where floats are used they must be securely attached to the outriggers. Wood blocks used to support outriggers must:
(i) Be strong enough to prevent crushing.
(ii) Be free from defects.
(iii) Be of sufficient width and length to prevent shifting or toppling under load.
(j) You must not lower either the load or the boom below the point where less than two full wraps of rope remain on their respective drums.
(k) Before lifting loads with locomotive cranes without using outriggers, you must apply means to prevent the load from being carried by the truck springs.
(l) When two or more cranes are used to lift one load, one designated person must be responsible for the operation. The designated person must be required to analyze the operation and instruct all personnel involved in the proper positioning, rigging of the load, and the movements to be made.
(m) In transit you must exercise the following additional precautions.
(i) The boom must be carried in line with the direction of motion.
(ii) The superstructure must be secured against rotation, except when negotiating turns when there is an operator in the cab or the boom is supported on a dolly.
(iii) The empty hook must be lashed or otherwise restrained so that it cannot swing freely.
(n) Before traveling a crane with load, a designated person must be responsible for determining and controlling safety. Decisions such as position of load, boom location, ground support, travel route, and speed of movement must be in accord with their determinations.
(o) You must not travel a crane with or without load with the boom so high that it may bounce back over the cab.
(p) When rotating the crane, you must avoid sudden starts and stops. You must ensure that rotational speed is such that the load does not swing out beyond the radii at which it can be controlled. You must use a tag or restraint line when rotation of the load is hazardous.
(q) When a crane is to be operated at a fixed radius, you must engage the boom-hoist pawl or other positive locking device.
(r) You must ensure that ropes are not be handled on a winch head without the knowledge of the operator.
(s) While a winch head is being used, the operator must be within convenient reach of the power unit control lever.
(4) Holding the load.
(a) The operator must not be permitted to leave the control position while the load is suspended.
(b) No person should be permitted to stand or pass under a load on the hook.
(c) If the load must remain suspended for any considerable length of time, the operator must hold the drum from rotating in the lowering direction by activating the positive controllable means of the operator's station.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24015, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-24015, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24015, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24015, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24017
Other requirements.

(1) Rail clamps. You must ensure that rail clamps are not used as a means of restraining tipping of a locomotive crane.
(2) Ballast or counterweight. You must ensure that cranes are not operated without the full amount of any ballast or counterweight in place as specified by the maker, but truck cranes that have dropped the ballast or counterweight may be operated temporarily with special care and only for light loads without full ballast or counterweight in place. The ballast or counterweight in place specified by the manufacturer must not be exceeded.
(3) Cabs.
(a) You must store necessary clothing and personal belongings in such a manner as to not interfere with access or operation.
(b) You must store tools, oil cans, waste, extra fuses, and other necessary articles in the tool box, and they must not be permitted to lie loose in or about the cab.
(4) Refueling.
(a) You must ensure that refueling with small portable containers is done with an approved safety type can equipped with an automatic closing cap and flame arrester. Refer to WAC 296-24-58501 for definition of approved.
(b) You must not refuel machines with the engine running.
(5) Fire extinguishers.
(a) You must keep a carbon dioxide, dry chemical, or equivalent fire extinguisher in the cab or vicinity of the crane.
(b) You must familiarize operating and maintenance personnel with the use and care of the fire extinguishers provided.
(6) Swinging locomotive cranes. You must ensure that a locomotive crane is not swung into a position where railway cars on an adjacent track might strike it, until it has been ascertained that cars are not being moved on the adjacent track and proper flag protection has been established.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24017, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-24017, filed 11/14/88; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24017, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24017, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24019
Operating near overhead electric power lines.

(1) For operations near overhead electric lines see chapter 296-24 WAC Part L.
(2) Boom guards. Cage-type boom guards, insulating links, or proximity warning devices may be used on cranes, but the use of such devices must not operate to alter the requirements of (1) of this section.
(3) Notification. Before the commencement of operations near electrical lines, you must notify the owners of the lines or their authorized representative and provide them with all pertinent information. You must request the cooperation of the owner.
(4) Overhead wires. You must consider any overhead wire to be an energized line unless and until the person owning such line or the electrical utility authorities indicate that it is not an energized line.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24019, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-24019, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24019, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24019, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-245
Derricks.

[Order 73-5, § 296-24-245, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-245, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24501
Definitions.

A-frame derrick. A derrick in which the boom is hinged from a cross member between the bottom ends of two upright members spread apart at the lower ends and joined at the top; the boom point secured to the junction of the side members, and the side members are braced or guyed from this junction point.
a-frame
ANSI. The American National Standards Institute.
Appointed. Assigned specific responsibilities by the employer or the employer's representative.
Basket derrick. A derrick without a boom, similar to a gin pole with its base supported by ropes attached to corner posts or other parts of the structure. The base is at a lower elevation than its supports. The location of the base of a basket derrick can be changed by varying the length of the rope supports. The top of the pole is secured with multiple reeved guys to position the top of the pole to the desired location by varying the length of the upper guy lines. The load is raised and lowered by ropes through a sheave or block secured to the top of the pole.
basket
Boom. A timber or metal section or strut, pivoted or hinged at the heel (lower end) at a location fixed in height on a frame or mast or vertical member, and with its point (upper end) supported by chains, ropes, or rods to the upper end of the frame mast, or vertical member. A rope for raising and lowering the load is reeved through sheaves or a block at the boom point. The length of the boom must be taken as the straight line distance between the axis of the foot pin and the axis of the boom point sheave pin, or where used, the axis of the upper load block attachment pin.
Boom harness. The block and sheave arrangement on the boom point to which the topping lift cable is reeved for lowering and raising the boom.
Boom point. Is outward end of the top section of the boom.
Breast derrick. A derrick without boom. The mast consists of two side members spread farther apart at the base than at the top and tied together at top and bottom by rigid members. The mast is prevented from tipping forward by guys connected to its top. The load is raised and lowered by ropes through a sheave or block secured to the top crosspiece.
breast
Chicago boom derrick. A boom which is attached to a structure, and outside upright member of the structure serving as the mast, and the boom being stepped in a fixed socket clamped to the upright. The derrick is complete with load, boom, and boom point swing line falls.
chicago boom
Derrick. An apparatus consisting of a mast or equivalent member held at the head by guys or braces, with or without a boom, for use with a hoisting mechanism and operating ropes.
Derrick bullwheel. A horizontal ring or wheel, fastened to the foot of a derrick, for the purpose of turning the derrick by means of ropes leading from this wheel to a powered drum.
Designated. Selected or assigned by the employer or employer's representative as being qualified to perform specific duties.
Eye. A loop formed at the end of a rope by securing the dead end to the live end at the base of the loop.
Fiddle block. A block consisting of two sheaves in the same plane held in place by the same cheek plates.
Foot bearing or foot block (sill block). The lower support on which the mast rotates.
Gin pole derrick. A derrick without a boom. Its guys are so arranged from its top as to permit leaning the mast in any direction. The load is raised and lowered by ropes reeved through sheaves or blocks at the top of the mast.
gin pole
Gudgeon pin. A pin connecting the mast cap to the mast allowing rotation of the mast.
Guy. A rope used to steady or secure the mast or other member in the desired position.
Guy derrick. A fixed derrick consisting of a mast capable of being rotated, supported in a vertical position by guys, and a boom whose bottom end is hinged or pivoted to move in a vertical plane with a reeved rope between the head of the mast and the boom point for raising and lowering the boom, and a reeved rope from the boom point for raising and lowering the load.
guy
Load block, lower. The assembly of sheaves, pins, and frame suspended by the hoisting rope.
Load block, upper. The assembly of sheaves, pins, and frame suspended from the boom.
Load, working. The external load, in pounds, applied to the derrick, including the weight of load attaching equipment such as load blocks, shackles, and slings.
Mast. The upright member of the derrick.
Mast cap (spider). The fitting at the top of the mast to which the guys are connected.
Reeving. A rope system in which the rope travels around drums and sheaves.
Rope. Refers to wire rope unless otherwise specified.
Safety hook. A hook with a latch to prevent slings or load from accidentally slipping off the hook.
Shearleg derrick. A derrick without a boom and similar to a breast derrick. The mast, wide at the bottom and narrow at the top, is hinged at the bottom and has its top secured by a multiple reeved guy to permit handling loads at various radii by means of load tackle suspended from the mast top.
Side loading. A load applied at an angle to the vertical plane of the boom.
Sill. A member connecting the foot block and stiffleg or a member connecting the lower ends of a double member mast.
Standby derrick. A derrick not in regular service which is used occasionally or intermittently as required.
Stiff leg. A rigid member supporting the mast at the head.
Stiffleg derrick. A derrick similar to a guy derrick except that the mast is supported or held in place by two or more stiff members, called stifflegs, which are capable of resisting either tensile or compressive forces. Sills are generally provided to connect the lower ends of the stifflegs to the foot of the mast.
stiff leg
Swing. Rotation of the mast and/or boom for movements of loads in a horizontal direction about the axis of rotation.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24501, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24501, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24503
General requirements.

(1) Application. This section applies to guy, stiffleg, basket, breast, gin pole, Chicago boom and A-frame derricks of the stationary type, capable of handling loads at variable reaches and powered by hoists through systems of rope reeving, used to perform lifting hook work, single or multiple line bucket work, grab, grapple, and magnet work. Derricks may be permanently installed for temporary use as in construction work. The requirements of this section also apply to any modification of these types which retain their fundamental features, except for floating derricks.
(2) New and existing equipment. You must ensure that all new derricks constructed and installed on or after the effective date of these standards meet the design specifications of the "American National Standards Institute, Safety Code for Derricks, ANSI B30.6-1969." Derricks constructed prior to the effective date of these standards should be modified to conform to these design specifications by December 31, 1973 unless it can be shown that the derrick cannot feasibly or economically be altered and that the derrick substantially complies with the requirements of this section.
(a) You must mark operating controls or post an explanation of the controls in full view of the operator.
(b) You must ensure that the radius or boom angle indicator has been installed on all cranes or derricks having a movable working boom. This must be located where the operator can readily read it from the normal operating position.
(c) Top of boom painted. You must ensure that the top six feet of the boom or jib are painted bright yellow.
(3) Designated personnel. You must ensure that only designated personnel are permitted to operate a derrick covered by this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24503, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-24503, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-6, § 296-24-24503, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24503, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24505
Load ratings.

(1) Rated load marking. You must provide a substantial, durable, and clearly legible rating chart with each derrick and securely affixed where it is visible to personnel responsible for the safe operation of the equipment for permanently installed derricks with fixed lengths of boom, guy, and mast. The chart must include the following data:
(a) Manufacturer's approved load ratings at corresponding ranges of boom angle or operating radii.
(b) Specific lengths of components on which the load ratings are based.
(c) Required parts for hoist reeving. Size and construction of rope may be shown either on the rating chart or in the operating manual.
(2) Nonpermanent installations. You must provide sufficient information from which capacity charts can be prepared for the particular installation for nonpermanent installations. The capacity charts must be located at the derricks or the job site office.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24505, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24505, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24507
Inspection.

(1) Inspection classification.
(a) Prior to initial use you must inspect all new and altered derricks to insure compliance with the provisions of these standards.
(b) Inspection procedure for derricks in regular service is divided into two general classifications based upon the intervals at which inspection should be performed. The intervals in turn are dependent upon the nature of the critical components of the derrick and the degree of their exposure to wear, deterioration, or malfunction. The two general classifications are herein designated as frequent and periodic with respective intervals between inspections as defined below:
(i) Frequent inspection - Daily to monthly intervals.
(ii) Periodic inspection - One- to 12-month intervals, or as specified by the manufacturer.
(2) Frequent inspection. You must inspect items such as the following for defects at intervals as defined in (1)(b)(i) of this section or as specifically indicated, including observation during operation for any defects which might appear between regular inspections. You must carefully examine deficiencies for any safety hazard.
(a) All control mechanisms: Inspect daily for adjustment, wear, and lubrication.
(b) All chords and lacing: Inspect daily, visually.
(c) Tension in guys: Daily.
(d) Plumb of the mast.
(e) Deterioration or leakage in air or hydraulic systems: Daily.
(f) Derrick hooks for deformations or cracks; for hooks with cracks or having more than 15% in excess of normal throat opening or more than 10° twist from the plane of the unbent hook, refer to WAC 296-24-24511 (3)(c).
(g) Rope reeving; visual inspection for noncompliance with derrick manufacturer's recommendations.
(h) Hoist brakes, clutches, and operating levers: Check daily for proper functioning before beginning operations.
(i) Electrical apparatus for malfunctioning, signs of excessive deterioration, dirt, and moisture accumulation.
(3) Periodic inspection.
(a) You must perform complete inspections of the derrick at intervals as generally defined in (1)(b)(ii) of this section depending upon its activity, severity of service, and environment, or as specifically indicated below. These inspections must include the requirements of (2) of this section and in addition, items such as the following. You must carefully examine deficiencies and determine whether they constitute a safety hazard:
(i) Structural members for deformations, cracks, and corrosion.
(ii) Bolts or rivets for tightness.
(iii) Parts such as pins, bearings, shafts, gears, sheaves, drums, rollers, locking and clamping devices, for wear, cracks, and distortion.
(iv) Gudgeon pin for cracks, wear, and distortion each time the derrick is to be erected.
(v) Power plants for proper performance and compliance with applicable safety requirements.
(vi) Hooks: Magnetic particle or other suitable crack detecting inspection should be performed at least once each year.
(b) Foundation or supports must be inspected for continued ability to sustain the imposed loads.
(4) Derricks not in regular use.
(a) You must inspect a derrick which has been idle for a period of one month or more, but less than 6 months, in conformance with requirements of (2) of this section and WAC 296-24-24513(2) before placing in service.
(b) You must completely inspect a derrick which has been idle for a period of over 6 months in conformance with requirements of (2) and (3) of this section and WAC 296-24-24513(3) before placing in service.
(c) Standby derricks must be inspected at least semiannually in accordance with requirements of (2) of this section and WAC 296-24-24513(3). Those exposed to adverse environment should be inspected more frequently.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24507, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24507, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24507, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24509
Testing.

(1) Operational tests. Prior to initial use you must test all new and altered derricks to ensure compliance with this section including the following functions:
(a) Load hoisting and lowering.
(b) Boom up and down.
(c) Swing.
(d) Operation of clutches and brakes of hoist.
(2) Anchorages. The appointed person must approve all anchorages by the appointed person. Rock and hairpin anchorages may require special testing.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24509, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24509, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24509, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24511
Maintenance.

(1) Preventive maintenance. You must establish a preventive maintenance program based on the derrick manufacturer's recommendations.
(2) Maintenance procedure.
(a) Before adjustments and repairs are started on a derrick you must take the following precautions:
(i) You must arrange the derrick to be repaired so it will cause the least interference with other equipment and operations in the area.
(ii) You must engage all hoist drum dogs.
(iii) You must lock the main or emergency switch in the open position, if an electric hoist is used.
(iv) You must place warning or out of order signs on the derrick and hoist.
(v) You must make the repairs of booms or derricks either when the booms are lowered and adequately supported or safely tied off.
(vi) You must set up a good communication system between the hoist operator and the appointed individual in charge of the derrick operations before any work on the equipment is started.
(vii) Welding repairs must be approved by an appointed person.
(b) After adjustments and repairs have been made you must not operate the derrick until all guards have been reinstalled, safety devices reactivated, and maintenance equipment removed.
(3) Adjustments and repairs.
(a) You must correct any unsafe conditions disclosed by inspection before operation of the derrick is resumed.
(b) You must maintain adjustments to assure correct functioning of components.
(c) You must provide repairs or replacements promptly as needed for safe operation. The following are examples of conditions requiring prompt repair or replacement:
(i) Hooks showing defects described in WAC 296-24-24507 (2)(f) must be discarded.
(ii) All critical parts which are cracked, broken, bent, or excessively worn.
(iii) Pitted or burned electrical contacts should be corrected only by replacement and in sets. Controller parts should be lubricated as recommended by the manufacturer.
(iv) All replacement and repaired parts must have at least the original safety factor.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24511, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24511, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24511, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24513
Rope inspection.

(1) Running ropes. You must make a thorough inspection of all ropes in use at least once a month and a full written, dated, and signed report of rope condition kept on file where readily available. You must carefully note any deterioration, resulting in appreciable loss of original strength, such as described below, and make a determination as to whether further use of the rope would constitute a safety hazard:
(a) Reduction of rope diameter below nominal diameter due to loss of core support, internal or external corrosion, or wear of outside wires.
(b) A number of broken outside wires and the degree of distribution or concentration of such broken wires.
(c) Worn outside wires.
(d) Corroded or broken wires at end connections.
(e) Corroded, cracked, bent, worn, or improperly applied end connections.
(f) Severe kinking, crushing, cutting, or unstranding.
(2) Idle ropes. You must ensure that all rope which has been idle for a period of a month or more due to shutdown or storage of derrick on which it is installed is given a thorough inspection before it is placed in service. This inspection must be for all types of deterioration. You must make a written and dated report of the rope condition available.
(3) Nonrotating ropes. You must ensure that particular care is taken in the inspection of nonrotating rope.
Note:
Limited travel ropes. Heavy wear and/or broken wires may occur in sections in contact with equalizer sheaves or other sheaves where rope travel is limited, or with saddles. You must take particular care to inspect ropes at these locations.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24513, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24513, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24513, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24515
Operations of derricks.

You must ensure that derrick operation is directed only by the individual specifically designated for that purpose.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24515, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24515, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24515, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24517
Handling the load.

(1) Size of load.
(a) You must not load any derrick beyond the rated load.
(b) When loads approach the maximum rating of the derrick, you must ascertain that the weight of the load has been determined within plus or minus 10% before it is lifted.
(2) Attaching the load.
(a) You must ensure that the hoist rope is not wrapped around the load.
(b) You must attach the load to the hook by means of slings or other suitable devices.
(3) Moving the load.
(a) You must secure the load well and properly balance it in the sling or lifting device before it is lifted more than a few inches.
(b) Before starting to hoist, you must note the following conditions:
(i) You must ensure that the hoist rope shall not be kinked.
(ii) You must ensure that multiple part lines are not twisted around each other.
(iii) You must bring the hook over the load in such a manner as to prevent swinging.
(iv) If there is a slack rope condition, you should be determine that the rope is properly seated on the drum and in the sheaves.
(c) During hoisting, you must take care that:
(i) There is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load.
(ii) Load does not contact any obstructions.
(d) You must not use a derrick for side loading except when specifically authorized by a responsible person who has determined that the various structural components will not be overstressed.
(e) You must not do any hoisting, lowering, or swinging while anyone is on the load or hook.
(f) The operator must avoid carrying loads over people.
(g) The operator must test the brakes each time a load approaching the rated load is handled by raising it a few inches and applying the brakes.
(h) You must not lower either the load or boom below the point where less than two full wraps of rope remain on their respective drums.
(i) When rotating a derrick, you must avoid sudden starts and stops. You must ensure that rotational speed is such that the load does not swing out beyond the radius at which it can be controlled.
(j) You must ensure that boom and hoisting rope systems are not twisted.
(4) Holding the load.
(a) You must not allow the operator to leave the control position while the load is suspended.
(b) You should not permit people to stand or pass under a load on the hook.
(c) If the load must remain suspended for any considerable length of time, you must use a dog, or pawl and ratchet, or other equivalent means, rather than the brake alone, to hold the load.
(5) Use of winch heads.
(a) You must not handle ropes on a winch head without the knowledge of the operator.
(b) While a winch head is being used, the operator must be within convenient reach of the power unit control lever.
(6) Securing boom. You must ensure that dogs, pawls, or other positive holding mechanism on the hoist are engaged. When not in use, you must:
(a) Lay the derrick boom down;
(b) Secure the derrick boom to a stationary member, as nearly under the head as possible, by attachment of a sling to the load block; or
(c) Hoist the derrick boom to a vertical position and secured to the mast.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24517, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-24517, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24517, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24517, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-24519
Other requirements.

(1) Guards.
(a) You must ensure that exposed moving parts, such as gears, ropes, setscrews, projecting keys, chains, chain sprockets, and reciprocating components, which constitute a hazard under normal operating conditions are guarded.
(b) You must ensure that guards are securely fastened.
(c) You must ensure that each guard is capable of supporting without permanent distortion, the weight of a two hundred-pound person unless the guard is located where it is impossible for a person to step on it.
(2) Hooks.
(a) You must ensure that hooks meet the manufacturer's recommendations and shall not be overloaded.
(b) You must use safety latch type hooks or you must mouse the hooks.
(3) Fire extinguishers.
(a) You must keep a carbon dioxide, dry chemical, or equivalent fire extinguisher in the immediate vicinity of the derrick.
(b) Operating and maintenance personnel must be familiar with the use and care of the fire extinguishers proved.
(4) Refueling.
(a) You must do refueling with portable containers using approved safety type containers equipped with automatic closing spout and flame arrester. Refer to WAC 296-24-58501(19) for definition of approved.
(b) You must not refuel machines with the engine running.
(5) Operating near electric powerlines. For operations near overhead electric lines see chapter 296-24 WAC Part L.
(6) Cab or operating enclosure.
(a) You must store necessary clothing and personal belongings in such a manner as to not interfere with access or operation.
(b) You must store tools, oilcans, waste, extra fuses, and other necessary articles in the toolbox, and you must not permit them to lie loose in or about the cab or operating enclosure.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-24519, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-24519, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-24519, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-24519, filed 7/31/79; Order 73-5, § 296-24-24519, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-24519, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-293
"A" frames.

(1) You must ensure that all timbers for "A" frames are of correct size, length, and condition to sustain the maximum contemplated loads.
(2) You must ensure that "A" frame timbers are braced with two spreaders spaced one-quarter the length of the "A" frame from each end. Cross bracing must cross between the two spreaders. Bracing material must be not less than 2/3rds of the rated strength of the "A" frame timbers.
(3) You must use tie rods (staybolts) of not less than 1/12th the diameter of the main "A" frame timbers. You must place tie rods directly above the upper spreader and directly below the lower spreader. Ends of bolts must be secured at each end with malleable washers and nuts.
(4) You must securely anchor the base of the "A" frame. You must set elevating type "A" frames in pinion-type sockets. You must securely anchor pinion bases.
(5) You must ensure that guy lines are of sufficient strength to carry the load imposed upon them and they must be securely fastened in place.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-293, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-293, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-293, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-294
Rigging.

[Order 73-5, § 296-24-294, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-294, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29401
Wire rope.

(1) Safe loads. Whenever used in connection with work, employment, occupations or uses to which these standards are applicable, you must not subject wire rope to loads in excess of 1/5th the breaking load as given in the schedule of the cable manufacturer. Except as required in standard for material hoists.
(2) Condemned. You must discontinue use of cables when they deteriorate through rust, wear, broken wires, undue strain or other conditions to the extent of 15% of their original strength.
(3) Straps and ribbons. You must not use the strap or steel ribbon type of cable in the suspension of scaffolding.
(4) Inspections. You must perform inspection of all wire rope in use at least monthly, and all wire rope must be inspected before put into use.
(5) Fastening. You must adhere to the following methods of fastening and attaching wire rope:
(a) Sockets. The end of wire rope to be set into socket fittings held securely with molten babbitt or zinc (not lead). The wires of the cable must be frayed out and each wire bent toward the outside of socket, so that the end of each wire projects well into the depth of the socket. This method of fastening cables should be left in the hands of experienced workers in this kind of work.
(b) Wrapping. Thimbles spliced into rope and the splice securely wrapped.
(c) Bolted. Thimbles inserted and held in place by at least a 3 bolt clamp or three U-bolt clips. Clamps must be of standard size for the sizes of the cable in use.
(d) Lashing. For temporary work, by-passing rope at least twice around large object such as a post, avoiding sharp points and carrying the end back several feet and securing it by clamps, clips or lashing to the cable.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29401, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-29401, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 76-29, § 296-24-29401, filed 9/30/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29401, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29401, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29403
Hemp rope.

(1) Quality. Whenever hemp rope is used it must be first grade long fiber Manila hemp rope.
(2) Strength. You must ensure that rope is not used to support loads in excess of those given in table for hemp and Manila rope.
(3) Lashed. You must ensure that supporting ropes are double lashed at each point of suspension.
(4) Pads. You must ensure that where supporting ropes are brought over sharp corners of steel, stone, or other material liable to cut the rope, or are in any other way subject to abrasion, they are protected at such points by the use of bagging, wooden blocks or other protective padding.
(5) Knot ends. You must ensure that rope knots have their loose and free ends lashed to the standing part in order to prevent their becoming untied.
(6) Inspection. You must inspect all ropes before used.
(7) Defective rope. You must condemn and destroy rope that is badly frayed, rotted, exposed to the action of acid or caustic, or otherwise defective and unsafe, to avoid all possibility of future use by mistake.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29403, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29403, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29403, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29405
Hemp and wire rope slings.

(1) Inspection. You must inspect all rope slings thoroughly and regularly at intervals of not more than one month, and when not in use, must be stored in a dry place.
(2) Pads. You must protect rope slings with pads or blocks when wrapped around sharp edges of structural shapes, casting, etc.
(3) Slip-noose. You must not use slings in single strand slip-noose form.
(4) Acids. You must not use hemp rope as slings for handling objects contaminated with acid.
(5) How attached. You must ensure that hand-ropes (guide-ropes) are not attached to slings but to hoisting tackle, or (only when necessary) attached to the object handled.
(6) Strength. You must ensure that all slings are of sufficient strength for handling the imposed loads. See tables given for hemp and wire ropes.
(7) Double slings. You must use double slings on all horizontal loads over twelve feet in length, and the distance between the points where slings are attached must be sufficient to prevent the load from tipping up endwise.
(8) Spreaders. You must use spreaders where there is a danger of sling ends or "hitches" slipping together.
(9) DefectiveDestroyed. You must destroy defective and unsafe slings in order to avoid possibility of their being used by mistake.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29405, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29405, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29405, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29407
Guys.

You must ensure that guy wires and ropes are of sufficient strength to carry the load imposed upon them and that they are securely fastened in place.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29407, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29407, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29407, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29409
Thimbles.

Wherever rope is permanently fastened by a single wrap to a metal object less in diameter or shortest measurement than three times the diameter of the rope, you must insert a galvanized thimble (of size intended for the rope) between the object and the loop of the rope.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29409, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29409, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29409, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29411
Blocks and falls.

You must carefully inspect blocks and falls before being used. You must ensure that blocks are of substantial construction and maintained in good condition while in use. You must ensure that blocks fit the sizes of ropes they carry and do not chafe or abrade the ropes running through them.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29411, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29411, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29411, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29413
Chains and cables.

(1) You must discard any three foot length of chain if at any time it is found to have stretched 1/3rd the length of a link.
(2) You must not place bolts or nails between two links to shorten chains.
(3) You must not splice broken chains by inserting a bolt between two links with the heads of the bolt and the nut sustaining the load, or pass one link through another and insert a bolt or nail to hold it.
(4) You must ensure that annealing of chains is done in properly equipped annealing furnaces and under the direct supervision of a competent person thoroughly versed in heat treating wherever annealing of chains is attempted.
(5) You must periodically inspect cables. You must file a copy of the report of the inspections of each running cable in a place readily accessible to the department, or authorized representative.
crane signals
1.
You must not remove the load or the crane unless you understand the floor signal clearly.
2.
You must be careful that the load does not swing to injure your hook-on man/woman or other floorpersons; make certain they are in the clear.
3.
When raising or lowering the load, you must see that it will safely clear adjacent stockpiles or machinery.
4.
You must never pick up a load greater than the capacity of your crane. In case of doubt, call your foreperson.
5.
You must never do ANYTHING that is not safe.
6.
You must cooperate with your hook-on or floorperson. You and he/she are a team handling a valuable piece of equipment—Never let it become a hazard.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29413, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-29413, filed 11/13/80; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29413, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29413, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29415
Slings.

This section applies to slings used in conjunction with other material handling equipment for the movement of material by hoisting, in employments covered by this chapter. The types of slings covered are those made from alloy steel chain, wire rope, metal mesh, natural or synthetic fiber rope (conventional three strand construction), and synthetic web (nylon, polyester, and polypropylene).
[Order 76-6, § 296-24-29415, filed 3/1/76.]



296-24-29417
Definitions.

Angle of loading. The inclination of a leg or branch of a sling measured from the horizontal or vertical plane as shown in Fig. D-5: Provided, That an angle of loading of five degrees or less from the vertical may be considered a vertical angle of loading.
Basket hitch. A sling configuration whereby the sling is passed under the load and has both ends, end attachments, eyes or handles on the hook or a single master link.
Braided wire rope. A wire rope formed by plaiting component wire ropes.
Bridle wire rope sling. A sling composed of multiple wire rope legs with the top ends gathered in a fitting that goes over the lifting hook.
Cable laid endless sling-mechanical joint. A wire rope sling made endless by joining the ends of a single length of cable laid rope with one or more metallic fittings.
Cable laid grommet-hand tucked. An endless wire rope sling made from one length of rope wrapped six times around a core formed by hand tucking the ends of the rope inside the six wraps.
Cable laid rope. A wire rope composed of six wire ropes wrapped around a fiber or wire rope core.
Cable laid rope sling-mechanical joint. A wire rope sling made from a cable laid rope with eyes fabricated by pressing or swagging one or more metal sleeves over the rope junction.
Choker hitch. A sling configuration with one end of the sling passing under the load and through an end attachment, handle or eye on the other end of the sling.
Coating. An elastomer or other suitable material applied to a sling or to a sling component to impart desirable properties.
Cross rod. A wire used to join spirals of metal mesh to form a complete fabric. (See Fig. D-2.)
Designated. Selected or assigned by the employer or the employer's representative as being qualified to perform specific duties.
Equivalent entity. A person or organization (including an employer) which, by possession of equipment, technical knowledge and skills, can perform with equal competence the same repairs and tests as the person or organization with which it is equated.
Fabric (metal mesh). The flexible portion of a metal mesh sling consisting of a series of transverse coils and cross rods.
Female handle (choker). A handle with a handle eye and a slot of such dimension as to permit passage of a male handle thereby allowing the use of a metal mesh sling in a choker hitch. (See Fig. D-1.)
Handle. A terminal fitting to which metal mesh fabric is attached. (See Fig. D-1.)
Handle eye. An opening in a handle of a metal mesh sling shaped to accept a hook, shackle or other lifting device. (See Fig. D-1.)
Hitch. A sling configuration whereby the sling is fastened to an object or load, either directly to it or around it.
Link. A single ring of a chain.
Male handle (triangle). A handle with a handle eye.
Master coupling link. An alloy steel welded coupling link used as an intermediate link to join alloy steel chain to master links. (See Fig. D-3.)
Master link or gathering ring. A forged or welded steel link used to support all members (legs) of an alloy steel chain sling or wire rope sling. (See Fig. D-3.)
Mechanical coupling link. A nonwelded, mechanically closed steel link used to attach master links, hooks, etc., to alloy steel chain.
Proof load. The load applied in performance of a proof test.
Proof test. A nondestructive tension test performed by the sling manufacturer or an equivalent entity to verify construction and workmanship of a sling.
Rated capacity or working load limit. The maximum working load permitted by the provisions of this section.
Reach. The effective length of an alloy steel chain sling measured from the top bearing surface of the upper terminal component to the bottom bearing surface of the lower terminal component.
Selvage edge. The finished edge of synthetic webbing designed to prevent unraveling.
Sling. An assembly which connects the load to the material handling equipment.
Sling manufacturer. A person or organization that assembles sling components into their final form for sale to users.
Spiral. A single transverse coil that is the basic element from which metal mesh is fabricated. (See Fig. D-2.)
Strand laid endless sling-mechanical joint. A wire rope sling made endless from one length of rope with the ends joined by one or more metallic fittings.
Strand laid grommet-hand tucked. An endless wire rope sling made from one length of strand wrapped six times around a core formed by hand tucking the ends of the strand inside the six wraps.
Strand laid rope. A wire rope made with strands (usually six or eight) wrapped around a fiber core, wire strand core, or independent wire rope core (IWRC).
Vertical hitch. A method of supporting a load by a single, vertical part or leg of the sling. (See Fig. D-4.)
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29417, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 76-6, § 296-24-29417, filed 3/1/76.]



296-24-29419
Safe operating practices.

Whenever any sling is used, you must observe the following practices:
(1) You must not use slings that are damaged or defective.
(2) You must ensure that slings are not shortened with knots or bolts or other makeshift devices.
(3) You must ensure that sling legs are not kinked.
(4) Employers must not load a sling in excess of its recommended safe working load as prescribed by the sling manufacturer on the identification markings permanently affixed to the sling.
(5) You must balance the loads of slings used in a basket hitch to prevent slippage.
(6) You must securely attach slings to their loads.
(7) You must ensure that slings are padded or protected from the sharp edges of their loads.
(8) You must keep suspended loads clear of all obstructions.
(9) You must ensure that all employees are kept clear of loads about to be lifted and of suspended loads.
(10) You must ensure that hands or fingers are not placed between the sling and its load while the sling is being tightened around the load.
(11) You must not engage shock loading.
(12) You must not pull a sling from under a load when the load is resting on the sling.
(13) You must not use slings without affixed and legible identification markings.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29419, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 12-24-071, § 296-24-29419, filed 12/4/12, effective 1/4/13; Order 76-6, § 296-24-29419, filed 3/1/76.]



296-24-29421
Inspections.

Each day before being used, you must ensure that the sling and all fastenings and attachments are inspected for damage or defects by a competent person designated by the employer. Additional inspections must be performed during sling use, where service conditions warrant. You must immediately remove damaged or defective slings from service.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29421, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 76-6, § 296-24-29421, filed 3/1/76.]



296-24-29423
Alloy steel chain slings.

(1) Sling identification. You must ensure that alloy steel chain slings have permanently affixed durable identification stating size, grade, rated capacity and reach.
(2) Attachments.
(a) You must ensure that hooks, rings, oblong links, pear shaped links, welded or mechanical coupling links or other attachments have a rated capacity at least equal to that of the alloy steel chain with which they are used or you must not use the sling in excess of the rated capacity of the weakest component.
(b) You must not use the makeshift links or fasteners formed from bolts or rods, or other such attachments.
(3) Inspections.
(a) In addition to the inspection required by WAC 296-24-29421, you must perform a thorough periodic inspection of alloy steel chain slings in use on a regular basis, to be determined on the basis of:
(i) Frequency of sling use;
(ii) Severity of service conditions;
(iii) Nature of lifts being made; and
(iv) Experience gained on the service life of slings used in similar circumstances. Such inspections must in no event be at intervals greater than once every 12 months.
(b) You must make and maintain a record of the most recent month in which each alloy steel chain sling was thoroughly inspected, and you must make such record available for examination.
(c) The thorough inspection of alloy steel chain slings must be performed by a competent person designated by the employer, and must include a thorough inspection for wear, defective welds, deformation and increase in length. Where such defects or deterioration are present, you must immediately remove the sling from service.
(4) Proof testing. You must ensure that before use, each new, repaired, or reconditioned alloy steel chain sling, including all welded components in the sling assembly, is proof tested by the sling manufacturer or equivalent entity, in accordance with paragraph 5.2 of the American Society of Testing and Materials Specification A391-65 (ANSI G61.1-1968). You must retain a certificate of the proof test and shall make it available for examination.
(5) Safe operating temperatures. You must permanently remove an alloy steel-chain sling from service if it is heated above 1000°F. When exposed to service temperatures in excess of 600°F, employers must reduce the maximum working load limits permitted by the chain manufacturer in accordance with the chain or sling manufacturer's recommendations.
(6) Repairing and reconditioning alloy steel chain slings.
(a) You must not use worn or damaged alloy steel chain slings or attachments until repaired. When welding or heat testing is performed, you must not use slings unless repaired, reconditioned and proof tested by the sling manufacturer or an equivalent entity.
(b) You must not use mechanical coupling links or low carbon steel repair links to repair broken lengths of chain.
(7) Effects of wear. If the chain size at any point of any links is less than that stated in Table D-1, you must ensure the sling is removed from service.
(8) Deformed attachments.
(a) You must remove alloy steel chain sling with cracked or deformed master links, coupling links or other components from service.
(b) You must remove slings from service if hooks are cracked, have been opened more than 15% of the normal throat opening measured at the narrowest point or twisted more than 10 degrees from the plane of the unbent hook.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29423, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 12-24-071, § 296-24-29423, filed 12/4/12, effective 1/4/13; Order 76-29, § 296-24-29423, filed 9/30/76; Order 76-6, § 296-24-29423, filed 3/1/76.]



296-24-29425
Wire rope slings.

(1) Sling use. You must use only wire rope slings that have permanently affixed and legible identification markings as prescribed by the manufacturer, and that indicate the recommended safe working load for the type(s) of hitch(es) used, the angle upon which it is based, and the number of legs if more than one.
(2) Minimum sling lengths.
(a) You must ensure that cable laid and 6x19 and 6x37 slings have a minimum clear length of wire rope 10 times the component rope diameter between splices, sleeves or end fittings.
(b) You must ensure that braided slings have a minimum clear length of wire rope 40 times the component rope diameter between the loops or end fittings.
(c) Cable laid grommets, strand laid grommets and endless slings must have a minimum circumferential length of 96 times their body diameter.
(3) Safe operating temperatures. You must permanently remove fiber core wire rope slings of all grades from service if they are exposed to temperatures in excess of 200°F. When nonfiber core wire rope slings of any grade are used at temperatures above 400°F or below minus 60°F, recommendations of the sling manufacturer regarding use at that temperature must be followed.
(4) End attachments.
(a) You must perform welding of end attachments, except covers to thimbles, prior to the assembly of the sling.
(b) You must not use all welded end attachments unless proof tested by the manufacturer or equivalent entity at twice their rated capacity prior to initial use. You must retain a certificate of the proof test, and make it available for examination.
(5) Removal from service. You must immediately remove wire rope slings from service if any of the following conditions are present:
(a) Ten randomly distributed broken wires in one rope lay, or five broken wires in one strand in one rope lay.
(b) Wear or scraping of one-third the original diameter of outside individual wires.
(c) Kinking, crushing, bird caging or any other damage resulting in distortion of the wire rope structure.
(d) Evidence of heat damage.
(e) End attachments that are cracked, deformed or worn.
(f) Hooks that have been opened more than 15% of the normal throat opening measured at the narrowest point or twisted more than 10 degrees from the plane of the unbent hook.
(g) Corrosion of the rope or end attachments.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29425, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 12-24-071, § 296-24-29425, filed 12/4/12, effective 1/4/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.150, and 49.17.240. WSR 79-08-115 (Order 79-9), § 296-24-29425, filed 7/31/79; Order 76-6, § 296-24-29425, filed 3/1/76.]



296-24-29427
Metal mesh slings.

(1) Sling marking. You must ensure that each metal mesh has permanently affixed to it a durable marking that states the rated capacity for vertical basket hitch and choker hitch loadings.
(2) Handles. You must ensure that handles have a rated capacity at least equal to the metal fabric and exhibit no deformation after proof testing.
(3) Attachments of handles to fabric. You must ensure that the fabric and handles are joined so that:
(a) The rated capacity of the sling is not reduced.
(b) The load is evenly distributed across the width of the fabric.
(c) Sharp edges will not damage the fabric.
(4) Sling coatings. You must not apply coatings which diminish the rated capacity of a sling.
(5) Sling testing. You must not use any new or repaired metal mesh slings, including handles, unless proof tested by the manufacturer or equivalent entity at a minimum of 1-1/2 times their rated capacity. You must proof test elastomer impregnated slings before coating.
(6) Safe operating temperatures. You may use mesh slings which are not impregnated with elastomers in a temperature range from minus 20°F to plus 550°F without decreasing the working load limit. You may use metal mesh slings impregnated with polyvinyl chloride or neoprene only in a temperature range from zero degrees to plus 200°F. For operations outside these temperature ranges or for metal mesh slings impregnated with other materials, you must follow the sling manufacturer's recommendations.
(7) Repairs.
(a) You must not use metal mesh slings which are repaired unless repaired by a metal mesh sling manufacturer or an equivalent entity.
(b) Once repaired, you must permanently mark or tag each sling, or a written record maintained, to indicate the date and nature of the repairs and the person or organization that performed the repairs. You must make records of repairs available for examination.
(8) Removal from service. You must immediately remove metal mesh slings from service if any of the following conditions are present:
(a) A broken weld or broken brazed joint along the sling edge.
(b) Reduction in wire diameter of 25% due to abrasion or 15% due to corrosion.
(c) Lack of flexibility due to distortion of the fabric.
(d) Distortion of the female handle so that the depth of the slot is increased more than 10%.
(e) Distortion of either handle so that the width of the eye is decreased more than 10%.
(f) A 15% reduction of the original cross sectional area of metal at any point around the handle eye.
(g) Distortion of either handle out of its plane.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29427, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 12-24-071, § 296-24-29427, filed 12/4/12, effective 1/4/13; Order 76-6, § 296-24-29427, filed 3/1/76.]



296-24-29429
Natural and synthetic fiber rope slings.

(1) Sling use.
(a) You must use natural and synthetic fiber rope slings that have permanently affixed and legible identification markings stating the rated capacity for the type(s) of hitch(es) used and the angle upon which it is based, type of fiber material, and the number of legs if more than one.
(b) You must ensure that fiber rope slings have a diameter of curvature meeting at least the minimums specified in Figs. D-4 and D-5.
(c) You must use slings not included in these tables only in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.
(2) Safe operating temperatures. You may use natural and synthetic fiber rope slings, except for wet frozen slings, in a temperature range from minus 20°F to plus 180°F without decreasing the working load limit. For operations outside this temperature range and for wet frozen slings, you must follow the sling manufacturer's recommendations.
(3) Splicing. You must not use spliced fiber rope slings unless they have been spliced in accordance with the following minimum requirements and in accordance with any additional recommendations of the manufacturer:
(a) In manila rope, eye splices must consist of at least three full tucks, and short splices must consist of at least 6 full tucks, three on each side of the splice center line.
(b) In synthetic fiber rope, eye splices must consist of at least four full tucks, and short splices must consist of at least eight full tucks, four on each side of the center line.
(c) You must not trim strand end tails flush with the surface of the rope immediately adjacent to the full tucks. This applies to all types of fiber rope and both eye and short splices. For fiber rope under one inch in diameter, the tail must project at least six rope diameters beyond the last full tuck. For fiber rope one inch in diameter and larger, the tail must project at least six inches beyond the last full tuck. Where a projecting tail interferes with the use of the sling, you must taper and splice the tail into the body of the rope using at least two additional tucks (which will require a tail length of approximately six rope diameters beyond the last full tuck).
(d) You must ensure that fiber rope slings have a minimum clear length of rope between eye splices equal to 10 times the rope diameter.
(e) You must not use knots in lieu of splices.
(f) You must not use clamps not designed specifically for fiber ropes for splicing.
(g) For all eye splices, you must ensure that the eye is of such size to provide an included angle of not greater than 60 degrees at the splice when the eye is placed over the load or support.
(4) End attachments. You must not use fiber rope slings if end attachments in contact with the rope have sharp edges or projections.
(5) Removal from service. You must immediately remove natural and synthetic fiber rope slings from service if any of the following conditions are present:
(a) Abnormal wear.
(b) Powdered fiber between strands.
(c) Broken or cut fibers.
(d) Variations in the size or roundness of strands.
(e) Discoloration or rotting.
(f) Distortion of hardware in the sling.
(6) Repairs. You must only use fiber rope slings made from new rope. Use of repaired or reconditioned fiber rope slings is prohibited.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29429, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 12-24-071, § 296-24-29429, filed 12/4/12, effective 1/4/13; Order 76-6, § 296-24-29429, filed 3/1/76.]



296-24-29431
Synthetic web slings.

(1) Sling identification. You must mark or code each sling to show the rated capacities for each type of hitch and type of synthetic web material.
(2) Webbing. You must ensure that synthetic webbing is of uniform thickness and width and selvage edges are not split from the webbing's width.
(3) Fittings. Fittings must be:
(a) Of a minimum breaking strength equal to that of the sling; and
(b) Free of all sharp edges that could in any way damage the webbing.
(4) Attachment of end fittings to webbing and formation of eyes. Stitching must be the only method used to attach end fittings to webbing and to form eyes. You must ensure that the thread is in an even pattern and contains a sufficient number of stitches to develop the full breaking strength of the sling.
(5) Environmental conditions. When synthetic web slings are used, you must take the following precautions:
(a) You must not use nylon web slings where fumes, vapors, sprays, mists or liquids of acids or phenolics are present.
(b) You must not use polyester and polypropylene web slings where fumes, vapors, sprays, mists or liquids of caustics are present.
(c) You must not use web slings with aluminum fittings where fumes, vapors, sprays, mists or liquids of caustics are present.
(6) Safe operating temperatures. You must not use synthetic web slings of polyester and nylon at temperatures in excess of 180°F. You must not use polypropylene web slings at temperatures in excess of 200°F.
(7) Repairs.
(a) You must not use synthetic web slings which are repaired unless repaired by a sling manufacturer or an equivalent entity.
(b) Each repaired sling must be proof tested by the manufacturer or equivalent entity to twice the rated capacity prior to its return to service. You must retain a certificate of the proof test and make it available for examination.
(c) You must not use slings, including webbing and fittings, which have been repaired in a temporary manner.
(8) Removal from service. You must immediately remove synthetic web slings from service if any of the following conditions are present:
(a) Acid or caustic burns;
(b) Melting or charring of any part of the sling surface;
(c) Snags, punctures, tears or cuts;
(d) Broken or worn stitches; or
(e) Distortion of fittings.
Figure D-1
Metal Mesh Sling (Typical)
Figure D-2
Metal Mesh Construction
Figure D-3
Major Components of a Quadruple Sling
TABLE D-1
MINIMUM ALLOWABLE CHAIN SIZE
AT ANY POINT OF LINK
Chain Size,
Inches
 
 
 
Minimum Allowable
Chain Size, Inches
 
1/4
. . . .
13/64
 
 
3/8
. . . .
19/64
 
 
1/2
. . . .
25/64
 
 
5/8
. . . .
31/64
 
 
3/4
. . . .
19/32
 
 
7/8
. . . .
45/64
 
 
  1 . . . .
13/16
 
 
1- 1/8
. . . .
29/32
 
 
1- 1/4
. . . .
1          
 
 
1- 3/8
. . . .
1- 3/32
 
 
1- 1/2
. . . .
1- 3/16
 
 
1- 3/4
. . . .
1-13/32
 
Notes:
Angles of 5° or less from the vertical may be considered vertical angles.
 
For slings with legs more than 5° off vertical, the actual angle as shown in Figure D-5 must be considered.
EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS: Minimum diameter of curvature
Represents a contact surface which must have a diameter of curvature at least double the diameter of the rope.
Represents a contact surface which must have a diameter of curvature at least double the diameter of the rope.
Represents a load in a choker hitch and illustration the rotary force on the load and/or the slippage of the rope in contact with the load. Diameter of curvature of load surface must be at least double the diameter of the rope.
Figure D-4
Basic Sling Configurations with Vertical Legs
Notes:
For vertical angles of 5° or less, refer to Figure D-4 "basic sling configuration with vertical legs."
See Figure D-4 for explanation of symbols.
Figure D-5
Sling Configurations with Angled Legs
Figure D-6
Basic Synthetic Web Sling Constructions
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29431, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 12-24-071, § 296-24-29431, filed 12/4/12, effective 1/4/13; Order 76-6, § 296-24-29431, filed 3/1/76.]



296-24-295
Compressed gases (general requirements).

[Order 73-5, § 296-24-295, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-295, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29501
Inspection of compressed gas cylinders.

You must determine that compressed gas cylinders under your control are in a safe condition to the extent that this can be determined by visual inspection. You must conduct visual and other inspections as prescribed in the hazardous materials regulations of the department of transportation (49 C.F.R. Parts 171-179 and 14 C.F.R. Part 103). Where those regulations are not applicable, you must conduct visual and other inspections in accordance with Compressed Gas Association Pamphlets C-6-1968 and C-8-1962.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29501, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-29501, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29501, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29503
Compressed gases.

You must ensure that the in-plant handling, storage, and utilization of all compressed gases in cylinders, portable tanks, rail tankcars, or motor vehicle cargo tanks is in accordance with Compressed Gas Association Pamphlet P-1-1965.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29503, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29503, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-29505
Safety relief devices for compressed gas containers.

You must ensure that compressed gas cylinders, portable tanks, and cargo tanks have pressure relief devices installed and maintained in accordance with Compressed Gas Association Pamphlets S-1.1-1963 and 1965 addenda and S-1.2-1963.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-29505, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-29505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-29505, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-310
Acetylene.

[Order 73-5, § 296-24-310, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-310, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-31001
Cylinders.

You must ensure that the in-plant transfer, handling, storage, and use of acetylene in cylinders comply with the provisions of CGA Pamphlet G-1-2009 (Acetylene) (Compressed Gas Association, Inc., 12th ed., 2009).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-31001, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 12-16-063, § 296-24-31001, filed 7/31/12, effective 9/1/12; WSR 10-09-089, § 296-24-31001, filed 4/20/10, effective 7/1/10; Order 73-5, § 296-24-31001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-31001, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-31003
Piped systems.

(1) You must comply with Chapter 9 (Acetylene Piping) of NFPA 51A-2006 (Standard for Acetylene Charging Plants) (National Fire Protection Association, 2006 ed., 2006).
(2) When employers can demonstrate that the facilities, equipment, structures, or installations used to generate acetylene or to charge (fill) acetylene cylinders were installed prior to February 16, 2006, these employers may comply with the provisions of Chapter 7 (Acetylene Piping) of NFPA 51A-2001 (Standard for Acetylene Charging Plants) (National Fire Protection Association, 2001 ed., 2001).
(3) The provisions of subsection (2) of this section also apply when the facilities, equipment, structures, or installations used to generate acetylene or to charge (fill) acetylene cylinders were approved for construction or installation prior to February 16, 2006, but constructed and installed on or after that date.
Note:
For additional information on acetylene piping systems, see CGA G-1.2-2006, Part 3 (Acetylene Piping) (Compressed Gas Association, Inc., 3rd ed., 2006).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-31003, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 10-09-089, § 296-24-31003, filed 4/20/10, effective 7/1/10; Order 73-5, § 296-24-31003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-31003, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-31005
Generators and filling cylinders.

(1) You must ensure that facilities, equipment, structures, or installations used to generate acetylene or to charge (fill) acetylene cylinders comply with the provisions of NFPA 51A-2006 (Standard for Acetylene Charging Plants) (National Fire Protection Association, 2006 ed., 2006).
(2) When employers can demonstrate that the facilities, equipment, structures, or installations used to generate acetylene or to charge (fill) acetylene cylinders were constructed or installed prior to February 16, 2006, these employers may comply with the provisions of NFPA 51A-2001 (Standard for Acetylene Charging Plants) (National Fire Protection Association, 2001 ed., 2001).
(3) The provisions of subsection (2) of this section also apply when the facilities, equipment, structures, or installations were approved for construction or installation prior to February 16, 2006, but constructed and installed on or after that date.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-31005, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060, and chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 10-09-089, § 296-24-31005, filed 4/20/10, effective 7/1/10; Order 73-5, § 296-24-31005, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-31005, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-315
Hydrogen.

[Order 73-5, § 296-24-315, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-315, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-31501
General.

(1) Definitions as used in this section.
Approved. Unless otherwise indicated, listed or approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory. Refer to federal regulation 29 C.F.R. 1910.7 for definition of nationally recognized testing laboratory.
ASME. American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
DOT regulations. See WAC 296-24-315.
DOT specifications. Regulations of the department of transportation published in 49 C.F.R. Chapter I.
Gaseous hydrogen system. One in which the hydrogen is delivered, stored and discharged in the gaseous form to consumer's piping. The system includes stationary or movable containers, pressure regulators, safety relief devices, manifolds, interconnecting piping and controls. The system terminates at the point where hydrogen at service pressure first enters the consumer's distribution piping.
Listed. See "approved."
(2) Scope.
(a) Gaseous hydrogen systems.
(i) WAC 296-24-31503 applies to the installation of gaseous hydrogen systems on consumer premises where the hydrogen supply to the consumer premises originates outside the consumer premises and is delivered by mobile equipment.
(ii) WAC 296-24-31503 does not apply to gaseous hydrogen systems having a total hydrogen content of less than 400 cubic feet, nor to hydrogen manufacturing plants or other establishments operated by the hydrogen supplier or their agent for the purpose of storing hydrogen and refilling portable containers, trailers, mobile supply trucks, or tank cars.
(b) Liquefied hydrogen systems.
(i) WAC 296-24-31505 applies to the installation of liquefied hydrogen systems on consumer premises.
(ii) WAC 296-24-31505 does not apply to liquefied hydrogen portable containers of less than 150 liters (39.63 gallons) capacity; nor to liquefied hydrogen manufacturing plants or other establishments operated by the hydrogen supplier or supplier's agent for the sole purpose of storing liquefied hydrogen and refilling portable containers, trailers, mobile supply trucks or tank cars.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-31501, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-31501, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-31501, filed 11/14/88; Order 73-5, § 296-24-31501, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-31501, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-31503
Gaseous hydrogen systems.

(1) Design.
(a) Containers.
(i) You must ensure that hydrogen containers comply with one of the following:
(A) Designed, constructed, and tested in accordance with appropriate requirements of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIIIUnfired Pressure Vessels1968.
(B) Designed, constructed, tested and maintained in accordance with U.S. Department of Transportation specifications and regulations.
(ii) You must provide permanently installed containers with substantial noncombustible supports on firm noncombustible foundations.
(iii) You must legibly mark each portable container with the name "hydrogen" in accordance with "marking compressed gas containers to identify the material contained" ANSI Z48.1-1954. You must legibly mark each manifolded hydrogen supply unit with the name hydrogen or a legend such as "this unit contains hydrogen."
(b) Safety relief devices.
(i) You must ensure that hydrogen containers are equipped with safety relief devices as required by the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII Unfired Pressure Vessels, 1968 or the DOT specifications and regulations under which the container is fabricated.
(ii) You must arrange safety relief devices to discharge upward and unobstructed to the open air in such a manner as to prevent any impingement of escaping gas upon the container, adjacent structure of personnel. This requirement does not apply to DOT specification containers having an internal volume of 2 cubic feet or less.
(iii) You must design or locate safety relief devices or vent piping so that moisture cannot collect and freeze in a manner which would interfere with proper operation of the device.
(c) Piping, tubing, and fittings.
(i) You must ensure that piping, tubing, and fittings are suitable for hydrogen service and for the pressures and temperatures involved. You must not use case iron pipe and fittings.
(ii) You must ensure that piping and tubing conforms to Section 2"Industrial Gas and Air Piping"Code for Pressure Piping, ANSI B31.1-1967 with addenda B31.1-1969.
(iii) Joints in piping and tubing may be made by welding or brazing or by use of flanged, threaded, socket, or compression fittings. You must ensure that gaskets and thread sealants are suitable for hydrogen service.
(d) Equipment assembly.
(i) You must ensure that valves, gauges, regulators, and other accessories are suitable for hydrogen service.
(ii) Installation of hydrogen systems must be supervised by personnel familiar with proper practices with reference to their construction and use.
(iii) You must make storage containers, piping, valves, regulating equipment, and other accessories readily accessible, and ensure they are protected against physical damage and against tampering.
(iv) You must adequately ventilate cabinets or housings containing hydrogen control or operating equipment.
(v) You must adequately secure each mobile hydrogen supply unit used as part of a hydrogen system to prevent movement.
(vi) You must electrically bond mobile hydrogen supply units to the system before discharging hydrogen.
(e) Marking. You must permanently placard hydrogen storage location as follows: "hydrogenflammable gasno smokingno open flames," or equivalent.
(f) Testing. After installations, you must test all piping, tubing, and fittings and prove it to be hydrogen gas tight at maximum operating pressure.
(2) Location.
(a) General.
(i) You must locate the system so that it is readily accessible to delivery equipment and to authorized personnel.
(ii) You must locate the systems above ground.
(iii) You must not locate the systems beneath electric power lines.
(iv) You must not locate the systems close to flammable liquid piping or piping of other flammable gases.
(v) You must locate the systems near aboveground flammable liquid storage on ground higher than the flammable liquid storage except when dikes, diversion curbs, grading, or separating solid walls are used to prevent accumulation of flammable liquids under the system.
(b) Specific requirements.
(i) You must ensure that the location of a system, as determined by the maximum total contained volume of hydrogen, is in the order of preference as indicated by Roman numerals in Table H-1.
TABLE H-1
Nature of location
Size of
hydrogen system
 
Less
than
3,000
CF
3,000
CF to 15,000
CF
 
In
excess of
15,000
CF
Outdoors ————
I
————
I
————  
I.
In a separate building ————
II
————
II
————  
II.
In a special room ————
III
————
III
————  
Not
per-
mitted.
Inside buildings not in
a special room and
exposed to other
 
 
Not
per-
mitted.
———— 
Not
per-
mitted.
occupancies ———— 
IV
————
(ii) The minimum distance in feet from a hydrogen system of indicated capacity located outdoors, in separate buildings or in special rooms to any specified outdoor exposure must be in accordance with Table H-2.
(iii) The distances in Table H-2 Items 1, 14, and 3 to 10 inclusive do not apply where protective structures such as adequate fire walls are located between the system and the exposure.
(iv) Hydrogen systems of less than 3,000 CF when located inside buildings and exposed to other occupancies must be situated in the building so that the system will be as follows:
(A) In an adequately ventilated area as in (3)(b)(ii) of this section.
(B) Twenty feet from stored flammable materials or oxidizing gases.
(C) Twenty-five feet from open flames, ordinary electrical equipment or other sources of ignition.
(D) Twenty-five feet from concentrations of people.
(E) Fifty feet from intakes of ventilation or air-conditioning equipment and air compressors.
(F) Fifty feet from other flammable gas storage.
(G) Protected against damage or injury due to falling objects or working activity in the area.
(H) More than one system of 3,000 CF or less may be installed in the same room, provided the systems are separated by at least 50 feet. Each such system shall meet all of the requirements of this section.
(3) Design consideration at specific locations.
(a) Outdoor locations.
(i) Where protective walls or roofs are provided, you must ensure that they are constructed of noncombustible materials.
(ii) Where the enclosing sides adjoin each other, you must ensure that the area is properly ventilated.
(iii) You must ensure that electrical equipment meets the requirements for Class I, Division 2 hazardous locations of WAC 296-24-95613.
(b) Separate buildings.
(i) Separate buildings must be built of at least noncombustible construction. Windows and doors must be located so as to be readily accessible in case of emergency. Windows must be of glass or plastic in metal frames.
(ii) Adequate ventilation to the outdoors must be provided. Inlet openings must be located near the floor in exterior walls only. Outlet openings must be located at the high point of the room in exterior walls or roof. Inlet and outlet openings must each have minimum total area of one square foot per 1,000 cubic feet of room volume. Discharge from outlet openings must be directed or conducted to a safe location.
(iii) Explosion venting must be provided in exterior walls or roof only. The venting area must be equal to not less than 1 square foot per 30 cubic feet of room volume and may consist of any one or any combination of the following: Walls of light noncombustible material, preferably single thickness, single strength glass; lightly fastened hatch covers; lightly fastened swinging doors in exterior walls opening outward; lightly fastened walls or roof designed to relieve at a maximum pressure of 25 pounds per square foot.
(iv) There must be no sources of ignition from open flames, electrical equipment, or heating equipment.
(v) Electrical equipment must meet the requirements of chapter 296-24 WAC Part L.
(vi) Heating, if provided, must be by steam, hot water, or other indirect means.
(c) Special rooms.
(i) Floor, walls, and ceiling must have a fire-resistance rating of at least 2 hours. Walls or partitions must be continuous from floor to ceiling and must be securely anchored. At least one wall must be an exterior wall. Openings to other parts of the building must not be permitted. Windows and doors must be in exterior walls and must be located so as to be readily accessible in case of emergency. Windows must be of glass or plastic in metal frames.
(ii) Ventilation must be as provided in (3)(b)(ii) of this section.
(iii) Explosion venting must be as provided in (3)(b)(iii) of this section.
(iv) There must be no sources of ignition from open flames, electrical equipment or heating equipment.
(v) Electrical equipment must meet the requirements of chapter 296-24 WAC Part L.
(vi) Heating, if provided, must be by steam, hot water, or indirect means.
(4) Operating instructions. For installations which require any operation of equipment by the user, you must maintain legible instructions at operating locations.
(5) Maintenance. The equipment and functioning of each charged gaseous hydrogen system must be maintained in a safe operating condition in accordance with the requirements of this section. You must keep the area within 15 feet of any hydrogen container free of dry vegetation and combustible material.
TABLE H-2
 
 
Size of
hydrogen system
 
Type of outdoor exposure
Less
than
3,000
CF
3,000
CF
to
15,000
CF
In
excess
of
15,000
CF
1.
Building or
structure ————   
Wood frame construction*
Heavy timber, noncombustible or ordinary construction*
Fire-resistive construction*
- 10
- 0
- 0
 
25
10
0
 
50
**25
0
 
2.
Wall
openings ————  
Not above any part of a system ————
Above any part of a system ————
10
25
 
10
25
 
10
25
 
3.
Flammable
liquids above
ground ————
0 to 1,000 gallons
In excess of 1,000 gallons ————
- 10
- 25
 
25
50
 
25
50
 
4.
Flammable
liquids below
ground──
0 to 1,000
gallons————  
Tank ————
Vent or fill opening of tank ————
- 10
25
 
10
25
 
10
25
 
5.
Flammable
liquids below
ground──
in excess of 1,000
gallons————
Tank ————
Vent or fill opening of tank ————
- 20
25
 
20
25
 
20
25
 
6.
Flammable gas
storage, either
high pressure or
low pressure————  
0 to 15,000 CF capacity ————
In excess of 15,000 CF capacity ————
- 10
25
 
25
50
 
25
50
 
7.
Oxygen
storage ———— 
12,000 CF or less
-
Refer to NFPA No. 51, gas systems for welding and cutting (1969).
 
 
 
More than 12,000 CF
-
Refer to NFPA No. 566, bulk oxygen systems at consumer sites (1969).
8.
Fast burning
solids such as
ordinary lumber,
excelsior or paper ————
50
 
50
 
25
 
9.
Slow burning solids
such as heavy timber
or coal ————
25
 
25
 
25
 
10.
Open flames and other
sources of ignition ————
25
 
25
 
50
 
11.
Air compressor intakes
or inlets to ventilating
or air-condition
equipment————
50
 
50
 
50
 
12.
Concentration of people*** ————
25
 
50
 
50
 
13.
Public sidewalks ————
15
 
15
 
15
 
14.
Line of adjoining
property which may be
built upon ————
5
 
5
 
5
 
*
Refer to NFPA No. 220 standard types of building construction for definitions of various types of construction. (1969 Ed.)
**
But not less than one-half the height of adjacent side wall of the structure.
***
In congested areas such as offices, lunchrooms, locker rooms, time-clock areas, and places of public assembly.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-31503, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-31503, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-31503, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 85-10-004 (Order 85-09), § 296-24-31503, filed 4/19/85; Order 76-6, § 296-24-31503, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-31503, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-31503, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-31505
Liquefied hydrogen systems.

(1) Design.
(a) Containers.
(i) You must ensure that hydrogen containers comply with the following: Storage containers be designed, constructed, and tested in accordance with appropriate requirements of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII—Unfired Pressure Vessels (1968) or applicable provisions of API Standard 620, Recommended Rules for Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks, Second Edition (June 1963) and Appendix R (April 1965).
(ii) You must ensure that portable containers are designed, constructed and tested in accordance with DOT specifications and regulations.
(b) Supports. You must provide permanently installed containers with substantial noncombustible supports securely anchored on firm noncombustible foundations. You must ensure that steel supports in excess of 18 inches in height are protected with a protective coating having a 2-hour fire-resistance rating.
(c) Marking. You must legibly mark each container to indicate "liquefied hydrogen—flammable gas."
(d) Safety relief devices.
(i) You must equip stationary liquefied hydrogen containers with safety relief devices sized in accordance with CGA Pamphlet S-1-1966, Part 3, Safety Relief Device Standards for Compressed Gas Storage Containers.
(A) Portable liquefied hydrogen containers complying with the U.S. Department of Transportation regulations must be equipped with safety relief devices as required in the U.S. Department of Transportation specifications and regulations. Safety relief devices must be sized in accordance with the requirements of CGA Pamphlet S-1-1966, Safety Relief Device Standards, Part 1, Compressed Gas Cylinders and Part 2, Cargo and Portable Tank Containers.
(ii) You must ensure that safety relief devices are arranged to discharge unobstructed to the outdoors and in such a manner as to prevent impingement of escaping liquid or gas upon the container, adjacent structures or personnel. See (2)(a)(vi) of this section for venting of safety relief devices in special locations.
(iii) You must design or locate relief devices or vent piping so that moisture cannot collect and freeze in a manner which would interfere with proper operation of the device.
(iv) You must provide safety relief devices in piping wherever liquefied hydrogen could be trapped between closures
(e) Piping, tubing, and fittings.
(i) Piping, tubing, and fittings and gasket and thread sealants must be suitable for hydrogen service at the pressures and temperatures involved. You must give consideration to the thermal expansion and contraction of piping systems when exposed to temperature fluctuations of ambient to liquefied hydrogen temperatures.
(ii) Gaseous hydrogen piping and tubing (above20°F) must conform to the applicable sections of Pressure Piping Section 2Industrial Gas and Air Piping, ANSI B31.1-1967 with addenda B31.1-1969. Design of liquefied hydrogen or cold (-20°F or below) gas piping must use Petroleum Refinery Piping ANSI B31.3-1966 or Refrigeration Piping ANSI B31.5-1966 with addenda B31.5a-1968 as a guide.
(iii) Joints in piping and tubing must preferably be made by welding or brazing; flanged, threaded, socket, or suitable compression fittings may be used.
(iv) You must provide means to minimize exposure of personnel to piping operating at low temperatures and to prevent air condensate from contacting piping, structural members, and surfaces not suitable for cryogenic temperatures. Only those insulating materials which are rated nonburning in accordance with ASTM Procedures D1692-68 may be used. Other protective means may be used to protect personnel. The insulation must be designed to have a vapor-tight seal in the outer covering to prevent the condensation of air and subsequent oxygen enrichment within the insulation. The insulation material and outside shield must also be of adequate design to prevent attrition of the insulation due to normal operating conditions.
(v) You must not install uninsulated piping and equipment which operate at liquefied-hydrogen temperature above asphalt surfaces or other combustible materials in order to prevent contact of liquid air with such materials. Drip pans may be installed under uninsulated piping and equipment to retain and vaporize condensed liquid air.
(f) Equipment assembly.
(i) Valves, gauges, regulators, and other accessories must be suitable for liquefied hydrogen service and for the pressures and temperatures involved.
(ii) Installation of liquefied hydrogen systems must be supervised by personnel familiar with proper practices and with reference to their construction and use.
(iii) You must ensure that storage containers, piping, valves, regulating equipment, and other accessories are readily accessible and protected against physical damage and against tampering. A shutoff valve must be located in liquid product withdrawal lines as close to the container as practical. On containers of over 2,000 gallons capacity, this shutoff valve shall be of the remote control type with no connections, flanges, or other appurtenances (other than a welded manual shutoff valve) allowed in the piping between the shutoff valve and its connection to the inner container.
(iv) Cabinets or housings containing hydrogen control equipment must be ventilated to prevent any accumulation of hydrogen gas.
(g) Testing.
(i) After installation, you must test all field-erected piping and prove it to be hydrogen gas-tight at operating pressure and temperature.
(ii) Containers if out of service in excess of one year must be inspected and tested as outlined in (1) of this section. You must check the safety relief devices to determine if they are operable and properly set.
(h) Liquefied hydrogen vaporizers.
(i) You must anchor the vaporizer and ensure that its connecting piping is sufficiently flexible to provide for the effect of expansion and contraction due to temperature changes.
(ii) You must ensure that the vaporizer and its piping are adequately protected on the hydrogen and heating media sections with safety relief devices.
(iii) You must indirectly supply heat used in a liquefied hydrogen vaporizer utilizing media such as air, steam, water, or water solutions.
(iv) You must provide a low temperature shutoff switch in the vaporizer discharge piping to prevent flow of liquefied hydrogen in the event of the loss of the heat source.
(i) Electrical systems.
(i) You must ensure that electrical wiring and equipment located within 3 feet of a point where connections are regularly made and disconnected, meet the requirements of chapter 296-24 WAC Part L for Class I, Division 1 locations.
(ii) You must ensure that except as provided in (l) of this section, electrical wiring, and equipment located within 25 feet of a point where connections are regularly made and disconnected or within 25 feet of a liquid hydrogen storage container, must meet the requirements of chapter 296-24 WAC Part L for Class I, Division 2 locations. When equipment approved for Class I, environments is not commercially available, the equipment may be:
(A) Purged or ventilated in accordance with NFPA No. 496-1967, Standard for Purged Enclosures for Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Locations,
(B) Intrinsically safe, or
(C) Approved for Class I, Group C atmospheres. This requirement does not apply to electrical equipment which is installed on mobile supply trucks or tank cars from which the storage container is filled.
(j) Bonding and grounding. You must electrically bond and ground the liquefied hydrogen container and associated piping.
(2) Location of liquefied hydrogen storage.
(a) General requirements.
(i) You must locate the storage containers so that they are readily accessible to mobile supply equipment at ground level and to authorized personnel.
(ii) You must ensure that the containers are not exposed by electric power lines, flammable liquid lines, flammable gas lines, or lines carrying oxidizing materials.
(iii) When locating liquefied hydrogen storage containers near above-ground flammable liquid storage or liquid oxygen storage, locate the liquefied hydrogen container on ground higher than flammable liquid storage or liquid oxygen storage.
(iv) Where it is necessary to locate the liquefied hydrogen container on ground that is level with or lower than adjacent flammable liquid storage or liquid oxygen storage, you must take suitable protective means (such as by diking, diversion, curbs, grading), with respect to the adjacent flammable liquid storage or liquid oxygen storage, to prevent accumulation of liquids within 50 feet of the liquefied hydrogen container.
(v) You must fence and post storage sites to prevent entrance by unauthorized personnel. You must also placard sites as follows: "Liquefied hydrogenFlammable gasNo smokingNo open flames."
(vi) If liquefied hydrogen is located in (as specified in Table H-3) a separate building, in a special room, or inside buildings when not in a special room and exposed to other occupancies, you must ensure that containers have the safety relief devices vented unobstructed to the outdoors at a minimum elevation of 25 feet above grade to a safe location as required in (l)(d)(ii) of this section.
(b) Specific requirements.
(i) You must ensure that the location of liquefied hydrogen storage, as determined by the maximum total quantity of liquefied hydrogen, is in the order of preference as indicated by Roman numerals in the following Table H-3.
TABLE H-3
MAXIMUM TOTAL QUANTITY OF LIQUEFIED HYDROGEN STORAGE PERMITTED
 
Size of
hydrogen storage
(capacity in
gallons)
Nature of location
39.63
(150 liters)
to 50
51
to
300
301
to
600
In
excess
of 600
Outdoors
————
I
————
I
————
I
————
I
In a separate building
————
II
————
II
————
II
————
Not
per-
mitted.
In a special room
————
III
————
III
————
Not
per-
mitted
Not
per-
mitted.
Inside buildings not in a special room and exposed to other occupancies
————
IV
————
Not
per-
mitted
Not
per-
mitted
Not
per-
mitted.
Note:
This table does not apply to the storage in dewars of the type generally used in laboratories for experimental purposes.
(ii) You must ensure that the minimum distance in feet from liquefied hydrogen systems of indicated storage capacity located outdoors, in a separate building, or in a special room to any specified exposure is in accordance with Table H-4.
TABLE H-4
MINIMUM DISTANCE (FEET) FROM LIQUEFIED HYDROGEN SYSTEMS TO EXPOSURE
 
Liquefied hydrogen
storage (capacity in gallons)
Type of
exposure
39.63
(150 liters)
to 3,500
3,501
to
15,000
15,001
to
30,000
1. Fire-resistive building
 
and fire walls*
_____
 
5
 
5
 
5
2. Noncombustible
 
building*
_____
 
25
 
50
 
75
3. Other buildings*
_____
 
50
 
75
 
100
4. Wall openings, air-com-
 
pressor intakes, inlets
 
for air-conditioning or
 
ventilating equipment -
75
 
75
 
75
5. Flammable liquids (above
 
ground and vent or fill
 
openings if below
 
ground) (see 513 and
 
514)
_____
 
50
 
75
 
100
6. Between stationary
 
liquefied hydrogen
 
containers
_____
 
5
 
5
 
5
7. Flammable gas storage
_____
 
50
 
75
 
100
8. Liquid oxygen storage and
 
other oxidizers (see
 
513 and 514)
_____
 
100
 
100
 
100
9. Combustible solids
_____
 
50
 
75
 
100
10. Open flames, smoking,
 
and welding
_____
 
50
 
50
 
50
11. Concentrations of
 
people**
_____
 
75
 
75
 
75
12. Public ways, railroads,
 
and property lines
_____
 
25
 
50
 
75
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
*
Refer to standard types of building construction, NFPA No. 220-1969 for definitions of various types of construction.
**
In congested areas such as offices, lunchrooms, locker rooms, time-clock areas, and places of public assembly.
Note 1:
The distance in Nos. 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 12 in Table H-4 may be reduced where protective structures, such as firewalls equal to height of top of the container, to safeguard the liquefied hydrogen storage system, are located between the liquefied hydrogen storage installation and the exposure.
Note 2:
Where protective structures are provided, ventilation and confinement of product should be considered. The 5-foot distance in Nos. 1 and 6 facilitates maintenance and enhances ventilation.
(c) Handling of liquefied hydrogen inside buildings other than separate buildings and special rooms. You must ensure that portable liquefied hydrogen containers of 50 gallons or less capacity as permitted in Table H-3 and in compliance with (2)(a)(vi) of this section when housed inside buildings not located in a special room and exposed to other occupancies comply with the following minimum requirements:
(i) Be located 20 feet from flammable liquids and readily combustible materials such as excelsior or paper.
(ii) Be located 25 feet from ordinary electrical equipment and other sources of ignition including process or analytical equipment.
(iii) Be located 25 feet from concentrations of people.
(iv) Be located 50 feet from intakes of ventilation and air-conditioning equipment or intakes of compressors.
(v) Be located 50 feet from storage of other flammable-gases or storage of oxidizing gases.
(vi) Containers must be protected against damage or injury due to falling objects or work activity in the area.
(vii) Containers must be firmly secured and stored in an upright position.
(viii) Welding or cutting operations, and smoking must be prohibited while hydrogen is in the room.
(ix) The area must be adequately ventilated. Safety relief devices on the containers must be vented directly outdoors or to a suitable hood. See (1)(d)(ii) of this section and (2)(a)(vi) of this section.
(3) Design at specific locations.
(a) Outdoor locations.
(i) Outdoor location means outside of any building or structure, and includes locations under a weather shelter or canopy provided such locations are not enclosed by more than two walls set at right angles and are provided with vent-space between the walls and vented roof or canopy.
(ii) Roadways and yard surfaces located below liquefied hydrogen piping, from which liquid air may drop, must be constructed of noncombustible materials.
(iii) If protective walls are provided, they must be constructed of noncombustible materials and in accordance with the provisions of (3)(a)(i) of this section as applicable.
(iv) Electrical wiring and equipment must comply with chapter 296-24 WAC Part L.
(v) You must provide adequate lighting for nighttime transfer operation.
(b) Separate buildings.
(i) Separate buildings must be of light noncombustible construction on a substantial frame. Walls and roofs must be lightly fastened and designed to relieve at a maximum internal pressure of 25 pounds per square foot. Windows must be of shatterproof glass or plastic in metal frames. Doors must be located in such a manner that they will be readily accessible to personnel in an emergency.
(ii) You must provide adequate ventilation to the outdoors. Inlet openings must be located near the floor level in exterior walls only. Outlet openings must be located at the high point of the room in exterior walls or roof. Both the inlet and outlet vent openings must have a minimum total area of 1 square foot per 1,000 cubic feet of room volume. Discharge from outlet openings must be directed or conducted to a safe location.
(iii) You must ensure that there are no sources of ignition.
(iv) Electrical wiring and equipment must comply with chapter 296-24 WAC Part L.
(v) Heating, if provided, must be by steam, hot water, or other indirect means.
(c) Special rooms.
(i) Floors, walls, and ceilings must have a fire resistance rating of at least 2 hours. Walls or partitions must be continuous from floor to ceiling and must be securely anchored. At least one wall must be an exterior wall. Openings to other parts of the building must not be permitted. Windows and doors must be in exterior walls and doors shall be located in such a manner that they will be accessible in an emergency. Windows must be of shatterproof glass or plastic in metal frames.
(ii) You must ensure that ventilation is as provided in (3)(b)(ii) of this section.
(iii) You must provide explosion venting in exterior walls or roof only. The venting area must be equal to not less than 1 square foot per 30 cubic feet of room volume and may consist of any one or any combination of the following: Walls of light noncombustible material; lightly fastened hatch covers; lightly fastened swinging doors opening outward in exterior walls; lightly fastened walls or roofs designed to relieve at a maximum pressure of 25 pounds per square foot.
(iv) You must ensure that there are no sources of ignition.
(v) Electrical wiring and equipment must comply with chapter 296-24 WAC Part L.
(vi) Heating, if provided, must be steam, hot water, or by other indirect means.
(4) Operating instructions.
(a) Written instructions. For installation which require any operation of equipment by the user, you must maintain legible instructions at operating locations.
(b) Attendant. A qualified person must be in attendance at all times while the mobile hydrogen supply unit is being unloaded.
(c) Security. You must adequately secure each mobile liquefied hydrogen supply unit used as part of a hydrogen system to prevent movement.
(d) Grounding. You must ground the mobile liquefied hydrogen supply unit for static electricity.
(5) Maintenance. The equipment and functioning of each charged liquefied hydrogen system shall be maintained in a safe operating condition in accordance with the requirements of this section. You must not permit weeds or similar combustibles within 25 feet of any liquefied hydrogen equipment.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-31505, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-31505, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-31505, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 85-10-004 (Order 85-09), § 296-24-31505, filed 4/19/85; Order 76-6, § 296-24-31505, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-31505, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-31505, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-320
Oxygen.

[Order 73-5, § 296-24-320, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-320, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-32001
Scope.

This section applies to the installation of bulk oxygen systems on industrial and institutional consumer premises. This section does not apply to oxygen manufacturing plants or other establishments operated by the oxygen supplier or supplier's agent for the purpose of storing oxygen and refilling portable containers, trailers, mobile supply trucks, or tank cars, nor to systems having capacities less than those stated in WAC 296-24-32003(1).
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-15-096 (Order 94-07), § 296-24-32001, filed 7/20/94, effective 9/20/94; Order 73-5, § 296-24-32001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-32001, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-32003
Bulk oxygen systems.

(1) Definitions. As used in this section: A bulk oxygen system is an assembly of equipment, such as oxygen storage containers, pressure regulators, safety devices, vaporizers, manifolds, and interconnecting piping, which has storage capacity of more than 13,000 cubic feet of oxygen, normal temperature and pressure (NTP), connected in service or ready for service, or more than 25,000 cubic feet of oxygen (NTP) including unconnected reserves on hand at the site. The bulk oxygen system terminates at the point where oxygen at service pressure first enters the supply line. The oxygen containers may be stationary or movable, and the oxygen may be stored as gas or liquid.
(2) Location.
(a) General. You must locate bulk oxygen storage systems shall be located above ground out of doors, or in a building of noncombustible construction, adequately vented, and used for that purpose exclusively. The location selected must be such that containers and associated equipment must not be exposed by electric power lines, flammable liquid or gas lines.
(b) Accessibility. The system must be located so that it is readily accessible to mobile supply equipment at ground level and to authorized personnel.
(c) Leakage. Where oxygen is stored as a liquid, you must provide noncombustible surfacing in an area in which any leakage of liquid oxygen might fall during operation of the system and filling of a storage container. For purposes of these standards, asphaltic or bituminous paving is considered to be combustible.
(d) Elevation. When locating bulk oxygen systems near above ground flammable liquid storage which may be either indoors or outdoors, it is advisable to locate the system on ground higher than the flammable liquid storage.
(e) Dikes. Where it is necessary to locate a bulk oxygen system on ground lower than adjacent flammable liquid storage you must take suitable means (such as by diking, diversion curbs, or grading) with respect to the adjacent flammable liquid storage to prevent accumulation of liquids under the bulk oxygen system.
(3) Distance between systems and exposures.
(a) General. You must ensure that the minimum distance from any bulk oxygen storage container to exposures, measured in the most direct line except as indicated in (f) and (g) of this subsection are as indicated in (b) through (r) of this subsection inclusive.
(b) Combustible structures. 50 feet from any combustible structures.
(c) Fire resistive structures. 25 feet from any structures with fire-resistive exterior walls or sprinklered buildings or other construction, but not less than one-half the height of adjacent side wall of the structure.
(d) Openings. At least 10 feet from any opening in adjacent walls of fire resistive structures. You must ensure that spacing from such structures is adequate to permit maintenance, but not less than one foot.
(e) Flammable liquid storage above ground.
Distance
(feet)
Capacity
(gallons)
 
50
_____
0-1000
 
90
_____
1001 or more
(f) Flammable liquid storage below ground.
Distance
measured
horizontally
from oxygen
storage
container to
flammable
liquid tank
(feet)
Distance
from oxygen
storage
container to
filling and
vent connections or openings to flammable
liquid tank
(feet)
Capacity
gallons
 
15
_____
50
_____
0-1000
 
30
_____
50
_____
1001 or more
(g) Flammable liquid storage above ground.
Distance
(feet)
 
Capacity
(gallons)
 
25
_____
0-1000
 
50
_____
1001 or more
(h) Flammable liquid storage below ground.
Distance measured
horizontally from
oxygen storage
container to
flammable liquid
tank (feet)
Distance from oxygen
storage container to
filling and vent
connections or
openings to
flammable liquid
tank (feet)
 
15
_____
 
40
(i) Flammable gas storage. (Such as compressed flammable gases, liquefied flammable gases and flammable gases in low pressure gas holders):
Distance
(feet)
Capacity
(cu. ft. NTP)
50
 
_____
 
Less than 5000
90
 
_____
 
5000 or more
(j) Highly combustible materials. 50 feet from solid materials which burn rapidly, such as excelsior or paper.
(k) Slow-burning materials. 25 feet from solid materials which burn slowly, such as coal and heavy timber.
(l) Ventilation. 75 feet in one direction and 35 feet in approximately 90° direction from confining walls (not including firewalls less than twenty feet high) to provide adequate ventilation in courtyards and similar confining areas.
(m) Congested areas. 25 feet from congested areas such as offices, lunchrooms, locker rooms, time clock areas, and similar locations where people may congregate.
(n) Public areas. 50 feet from places of public assembly.
(o) Patients. 50 feet from areas occupied by nonambulatory patients.
(p) Sidewalks. 10 feet from any public sidewalk.
(q) Adjacent property. 5 feet from any line of adjoining property.
(r) Exceptions. The distances in (b), (c), (e) through (k) inclusive, and (p) and (q) of this subsection do not apply where protective structures such as firewalls of adequate height to safeguard the oxygen storage systems are located between the bulk oxygen storage installation and the exposure. In such cases, the bulk oxygen storage installation may be a minimum distance of one foot from the firewall.
(4) Storage containers.
(a) Foundations and supports. You must provide permanently installed containers with substantial noncombustible supports on firm noncombustible foundations.
(b) ConstructionLiquid. Liquid oxygen storage containers must be fabricated from materials meeting the impact test requirements of paragraph UG-84 of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIIIUnfired Pressure Vessels1968. Containers operating at pressures above fifteen pounds per square inch gage (p.s.i.g.) must be designed, constructed, and tested in accordance with appropriate requirements of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIIUnfired Pressure Vessels1968. Insulation surrounding the liquid oxygen container must be noncombustible.
(c) ConstructionGaseous. High-pressure gaseous oxygen containers must comply with one of the following:
(i) Designed, constructed, and tested in accordance with appropriate requirements of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIIIUnfired Pressure Vessels1968.
(ii) Designed, constructed, tested, and maintained in accordance with DOT specifications and regulations.
(5) Piping, tubing, and fittings.
(a) Selection. You must ensure that piping, tubing, and fittings are suitable for oxygen service and for the pressures and temperatures involved.
(b) Specification. Piping and tubing must conform to Section 2Gas and Air Piping Systems of Code for Pressure Piping, ANSI, B31.1-1967 with addenda B31.10a-1969.
(c) Fabrication. Piping or tubing for operating temperatures below -20°F must be fabricated from materials meeting the impact test requirements of paragraph UG-84 of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIIIUnfired Pressure Vessels1968, when tested at the minimum operating temperature to which the piping may be subjected in service.
(6) Safety relief devices.
(a) General. Bulk oxygen storage containers, regardless of design pressure must be equipped with safety relief devices as required by the ASME code or the DOT specifications and regulations.
(b) DOT containers. Bulk oxygen storage containers designed and constructed in accordance with DOT specification must be equipped with safety relief devices as required thereby.
(c) ASME containers. Bulk oxygen storage containers designed and constructed in accordance with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIIIUnfired Pressure Vessel1968 must be equipped with safety relief devices meeting the provisions of the Compressed Gas Association Pamphlet "Safety Relief Device Standards for Compressed Gas Storage Containers," S-1, Part 3.
(d) Insulation. Insulation casings on liquid oxygen containers must be equipped with suitable safety relief devices.
(e) Reliability. You must ensure that all safety relief devices are designed or located so that moisture cannot collect and freeze in a manner which would interfere with proper operation of the device.
(7) Liquid oxygen vaporizers.
(a) Mounts and couplings. You must anchor the vaporizer and its connecting piping is sufficiently flexible to provide for the effect of expansion and contraction due to temperature changes.
(b) Relief devices. You must adequately protect the vaporizer and its piping on the oxygen and heating medium sections with safety relief devices.
(c) Heating. You must indirectly supply heat used in an oxygen vaporizer only through media such as steam, air, water, or water solutions which do not react with oxygen.
(d) Grounding. If electric heaters are used to provide the primary source of heat, you must electrically ground the vaporizing system.
(8) Equipment assembly and installation.
(a) Cleaning. You must clean equipment making up a bulk oxygen system in order to remove oil, grease or other readily oxidizable materials before placing the system in service.
(b) Joints. Joints in piping and tubing may be made by welding or by use of flanged, threaded, slip, or compression fittings. Gaskets or thread sealants must be suitable for oxygen service.
(c) Accessories. Valves, gages, regulators, and other accessories must be suitable for oxygen service.
(d) Installation. Installation of bulk oxygen systems shall be supervised by personnel familiar with proper practices with reference to their construction and use.
(e) Testing. After installation all field erected piping must be tested and proved gas tight at maximum operating pressure. Any medium used for testing shall be oil free and nonflammable.
(f) Security. You must protect storage containers, piping, valves, regulating equipment, and other accessories against physical damage and against tampering.
(g) Venting. Any enclosure containing oxygen control or operating equipment must be adequately vented.
(h) Placarding. You must permanently placard the bulk oxygen storage location to indicate: "OXYGEN—NO SMOKING—NO OPEN FLAMES," or an equivalent warning.
(i) Electrical wiring. Bulk oxygen installations are not hazardous locations as defined and covered by chapter 296-24 WAC Part L. Therefore, general purpose or weatherproof types of electrical wiring and equipment are acceptable depending upon whether the installation is indoors or outdoors. You must install such equipment according to chapter 296-24 WAC Part L.
(9) Operating instructions. For installations which require any operation of equipment by the user, you must maintain legible instructions at operating locations.
(10) Maintenance. You must maintain the equipment and functioning of each charged bulk oxygen system in a safe operating condition in accordance with the requirements of this section. You must cut back wood and long dry grass within fifteen feet of any bulk oxygen storage container.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-32003, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and 29 C.F.R. 1910 Subpart Z. WSR 14-07-086, § 296-24-32003, filed 3/18/14, effective 5/1/14. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), § 296-24-32003, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 85-10-004 (Order 85-09), § 296-24-32003, filed 4/19/85; Order 76-6, § 296-24-32003, filed 3/1/76; Order 73-5, § 296-24-32003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-32003, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-325
Nitrous oxide.

You must ensure that the piped systems for the in-plant transfer and distribution of nitrous oxide are designed, installed, maintained, and operated in accordance with Compressed Gas Association Pamphlet G8.1-1964.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-325, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16; Order 73-5, § 296-24-325, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-325, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-330
Flammable liquids.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and 29 C.F.R. 1910 Subpart Z. WSR 14-07-086, § 296-24-330, filed 3/18/14, effective 5/1/14; Order 73-5, § 296-24-330, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-330, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-33001
Definitions.

The following definitions are applicable to all sections of this chapter which include WAC 296-24-330 in the section number.
Aerosol. A material which is dispensed from its container as a mist, spray, or foam by a propellant under pressure.
Approved. Unless otherwise indicated, approved, or listed by a nationally recognized testing laboratory. Refer to federal regulation 29 C.F.R. 1910.7 for definition of nationally recognized testing laboratory.
Atmospheric tank. A storage tank which has been designed to operate at pressures from atmospheric through 0.5 p.s.i.g.
Automotive service station. That portion of property where flammable liquids used as motor fuels are stored and dispensed from fixed equipment into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles and shall include any facilities available for the sale and service of tires, batteries, and accessories, and for minor automotive maintenance work. Major automotive repairs, painting, body and fender work are excluded.
Barrel. A volume of forty-two United States gallons.
Basement. A story of a building or structure having one-half or more of its height below ground level and to which access for firefighting purposes is unduly restricted.
Boiling point. The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 14.7 pounds per square inch absolute (p.s.i.a.) (760 mm.). Where an accurate boiling point is unavailable for the material in question, or for mixtures which do not have a constant boiling point, for purposes of this section the 10% point of a distillation performed in accordance with the Standard Method of Test for Distillation of Petroleum Products, ASTM D-86-62, may be used as the boiling point of the liquid.
Boilover. The expulsion of crude oil (or certain other liquids) from a burning tank. The light fractions of the crude oil burnoff producing a heat wave in the residue, which on reaching a water strata may result in the expulsion of a portion of the contents of the tank in the form of froth.
Bulk plant. That portion of a property where flammable liquids are received by tank vessel, pipelines, tank car, or tank vehicle, and are stored or blended in bulk for the purpose of distributing such liquids by tank vessel, pipeline, tank car, tank vehicle, or container.
Chemical plant. A large integrated plant or that portion of such a plant other than a refinery or distillery where flammable liquids are produced by chemical reactions or used in chemical reactions.
Closed container. A container as herein defined, so sealed by means of a lid or other device that neither liquid nor vapor will escape from it at ordinary temperatures.
Container. Any can, barrel, or drum.
Crude petroleum. Hydrocarbon mixtures that have a flash point below 150°F and which have not been processed in a refinery.
Distillery. A plant or that portion of a plant where flammable liquids produced by fermentation are concentrated, and where the concentrated products may also be mixed, stored, or packaged.
Fire area. An area of a building separated from the remainder of the building by construction having a fire resistance of at least one hour and having all communicating openings properly protected by an assembly having a fire resistance rating of at least one hour.
Fire resistance or fire resistive construction. Construction to resist the spread of fire.
Flammable aerosol. A flammable aerosol as defined under WAC 296-901-14024, Appendix BPhysical hazard criteria. For the purposes of WAC 296-24-33009, such aerosols are considered Category 1 flammable liquids.
Flammable liquid. Any liquid having a flashpoint at or below 199.4°F (93°C). Flammable liquids are divided into four categories as follows:
(a) Category 1 includes liquids having flashpoints below 73.4°F (23°C) and having a boiling point at or below 95°F (35°C).
(b) Category 2 includes liquids having flashpoints below 73.4°F (23°C) and having a boiling point above 95°F (35°C).
(c) Category 3 includes liquids having flashpoints at or above 73.4°F (23°C) and at or below 140°F (60°C). When a Category 3 liquid with a flashpoint at or above 100°F (37.8°C) is heated for use to within 30°F (16.7°C) of its flashpoint, it must be handled in accordance with the requirements for a Category 3 liquid with a flashpoint below 100°F (37.8°C).
(d) Category 4 must include liquids having flashpoints above 140°F (60°C) and at or below 199.4°F (93°C). When a Category 4 flammable liquid is heated for use to within 30°F (16.7°C) of its flashpoint, it must be handled in accordance with the requirements for a Category 3 liquid with a flashpoint at or above 100°F (37.8°C).
(e) When liquid with a flashpoint greater than 199.4°F (93°C) is heated for use to within 30°F (16.7°C) of its flashpoint, it must be handled in accordance with the requirements for a Category 4 flammable liquid.
Flashpoint. The minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor within a test vessel in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid, and shall be determined as follows:
(a) For a liquid which has a viscosity of less than 45 SUS at 100°F (37.8°C), does not contain suspended solids, and does not have a tendency to form a surface film while under test, the procedure specified in the Standard Method of Test for Flashpoint by Tag Closed Tester (ASTM D-56-70), WAC 296-901-14024, Appendix BPhysical hazard criteria, shall be used.
(b) For a liquid which has a viscosity of 45 SUS or more at 100°F (37.8°C), or contains suspended solids, or has a tendency to form a surface film while under test, the Standard Method of Test for Flashpoint by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester (ASTM D-93-71) or an equivalent method as defined by WAC 296-901-14024, Appendix BPhysical hazard criteria, shall be used, except that the methods specified in Note 1 to section 1.1 of ASTM D-93-71 may be used for the respective materials specified in the note.
(c) For a liquid that is a mixture of compounds that have different volatilities and flashpoints, its flashpoint shall be determined by using the procedure specified in (a) or (b) of this subsection on the liquid in the form it is shipped.
(d) Organic peroxides, which undergo autoaccelerating thermal decomposition, are excluded from any of the flashpoint determination methods specified in this section.
Hotel. Buildings or groups of buildings under the same management in which there are sleeping accommodations for hire primarily used by transients who are lodged with or without meals including but not limited to inns, clubs, motels, and apartment hotels.
Institutional occupancy. The occupancy or use of a building or structure or any portion thereof by persons harbored or detained to receive medical, charitable or other care or treatment, or by persons involuntarily detained.
Liquid. For the purpose of these standards, any material which has a fluidity greater than that of 300 penetration asphalt when tested in accordance with ASTM Test for Penetration for Bituminous Materials, D-5-65. When not otherwise identified, the term liquid shall include both flammable liquids.
Listed. See "Approved."
Low-pressure tank. A storage tank which has been designed to operate at pressures above 0.5 p.s.i.g. but not more than 15 p.s.i.g.
Marine service station. That portion of a property where flammable liquids used as fuels are stored and dispensed from fixed equipment on shore, piers, wharves, or floating docks into the fuel tanks or self-propelled craft, and shall include all facilities used in connection therewith.
Mercantile occupancy. The occupancy or use of a building or structure or any portion thereof for the displaying, selling, or buying of goods, wares, or merchandise.
Office occupancy. The occupancy or use of a building or structure or any portion thereof for the transaction of business, or the rendering or receiving of professional services.
Portable tank. A closed container having a liquid capacity over sixty United States gallons and not intended for fixed installation.
Pressure vessel. A storage tank or vessel which has been designed to operate at pressures above 15 p.s.i.g.
Protection for exposure. Adequate fire protection for structures on property adjacent to tanks, where there are employees of the establishment.
Refinery. A plant in which flammable liquids are produced on a commercial scale from crude petroleum, natural gasoline, or other hydrocarbon sources.
Safety can. An approved container, of not more than five gallons capacity, having a spring-closing lid and spout cover and so designed that it will safely relieve internal pressure when subjected to fire exposure.
Storage. Flammable liquids must be stored in a tank or in a container that complies with WAC 296-24-33009(2).
SUS. Saybolt Universal Seconds as determined by the Standard Method of Test for Saybolt Viscosity (ASTM D-88-56), and may be determined by use of the SUS conversion tables specified in ASTM Method D2161-66 following determination of viscosity in accordance with the procedures specified in the Standard Method of Test for Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (ASTM D445-65).
Unstable (reactive) liquid. A liquid which in the pure state or as commercially produced or transported will vigorously polymerize, decompose, condense, or will become self-reactive under conditions of shocks, pressure, or temperature.
Vapor pressure. The pressure, measured in pounds per square inch (absolute) exerted by a volatile liquid as determined by the "Standard Method of Test for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)," American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM D323-68.
Ventilation. As specified in these standards is for the prevention of fire and explosion. It is considered adequate if it is sufficient to prevent accumulation of significant quantities of vapor-air mixtures in concentration over one-fourth of the lower flammable limit.
Viscous. A viscosity of 45 SUS or more.
Note:
The volatility of liquids is increased when artificially heated to temperatures equal to or higher than their flashpoints. When so heated Category 3 and 4 liquids must be subject to the applicable requirements for Category 1 and 2 liquids. These standards may also be applied to high flashpoint liquids when so heated even though these same liquids when not heated are outside of its scope.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, and 49.17.060. WSR 17-02-066, § 296-24-33001, filed 1/3/17, effective 2/3/17; WSR 15-24-100, § 296-24-33001, filed 12/1/15, effective 1/5/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and 29 C.F.R. 1910 Subpart Z. WSR 14-07-086, § 296-24-33001, filed 3/18/14, effective 5/1/14. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 88-23-054 (Order 88-25), § 296-24-33001, filed 11/14/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040 and 49.17.050. WSR 82-08-026 (Order 82-10), § 296-24-33001, filed 3/30/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.240, chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. WSR 80-17-015 (Order 80-21), § 296-24-33001, filed 11/13/80; Order 76-29, § 296-24-33001, filed 9/30/76; Order 76-6, § 296-24-33001, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-27, § 296-24-33001, filed 5/7/74; Order 73-5, § 296-24-33001, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-33001, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-33003
Scope.

This section applies to the handling, storage, and use of flammable liquids with a flash point at or below 199.4°F (93°C). This section does not apply to:
(1) Bulk transportation of flammable liquids;
(2) Storage, handling, and use of fuel oil tanks and containers connected with oil burning equipment;
(3) Storage of flammable liquids on farms.
(4) Liquids without flashpoints that may be flammable under some conditions, such as certain halogenated hydrocarbons and mixtures containing halogenated hydrocarbons;
(5) Mists, sprays, or foams, except flammable aerosols covered in WAC 296-24-33009; or
(6) Installations made in accordance with requirements of the following standards:
(a) National Fire Protection Association Standard for Drycleaning Plants, NFPA No. 32-1970;
(b) National Fire Protection Association Standard for the Manufacture of Organic Coatings, NFPA No. 35-1970;
(c) National Fire Protection Association Standard for Solvent Extraction Plants, NFPA No. 36-1967; or
(d) National Fire Protection Association Standard for the Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines, NFPA No. 37-1970.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060 and 29 C.F.R. 1910 Subpart Z. WSR 14-07-086, § 296-24-33003, filed 3/18/14, effective 5/1/14. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, [49.17].050 and [49.17].060. WSR 95-22-015, § 296-24-33003, filed 10/20/95, effective 1/16/96. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. WSR 94-06-068 (Order 93-17), § 296-24-33003, filed 3/2/94, effective 3/1/95; Order 73-5, § 296-24-33003, filed 5/9/73 and Order 73-4, § 296-24-33003, filed 5/7/73.]



296-24-33005
Tank storage.

(1) Design and construction of tanks.
(a) Materials.
(i) Tanks must be built of steel except as provided in (a)(ii) through (v) of this subsection.
(ii) Tanks may be built of materials other than steel for installation underground or if required by the properties of the liquid stored. Tanks located above ground or inside buildings must be of noncombustible construction.
(iii) Tanks built of materials other than steel must be designed to specifications embodying principles recognized as good engineering design for the material used.
(iv) Unlined concrete tanks may be used for storing flammable liquids having a gravity of 40°API or heavier. Concrete tanks with special lining may be used for other services provided the design is in accordance with sound engineering practice.
(v) Tanks may have combustible or noncombustible linings.
(vi) You must require special engineering consideration if the specific gravity of the liquid to be stored exceeds that of water or if the tanks are designed to contain flammable liquids at a liquid temperature below 0°F.
(b) Fabrication.
(i) Tanks may be of any shape or type consistent with sound engineering design.
(ii) Metal tanks must be welded, riveted, and caulked, brazed, or bolted, or constructed by use of a combination of these methods. Filler metal used in brazing must be nonferrous metal or an alloy having a melting point above 1000°F and below that of the metal joined.
(c) Atmospheric tanks.
(i) Atmospheric tanks must be built in accordance with acceptable good standards of design. Atmospheric tanks may be built in accordance with:
(A) Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., Subjects No. 142, Standard for Steel Aboveground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, 1968; No. 58, Standards for Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, Fifth Edition, December 1961; or No. 80, Standard for Steel Inside Tanks for Oil-Burner Fuel, September 1963.
(B) American Petroleum Institute Standards No. 650, Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage, Third Edition, 1966.
(C) American Petroleum Institute Standards No. 12B, Specification for Bolted Production Tanks, Eleventh Edition, May 1958, and Supplement 1, March 1962; No. 12D, Specification for Large Welded Production Tanks, Seventh Edition, August 1957; or No. 12F, Specification for Small Welded Production Tanks, Fifth Edition, March 1961. Tanks built in accordance with these standards must be used only as production tanks for storage of crude petroleum in oil-producing areas.
(ii) Tanks designed for underground service not exceeding 2,500 gallons capacity may be used aboveground.
(iii) Low-pressure tanks and pressure vessels may be used as atmospheric tanks.
(iv) You must not use atmospheric tanks for the storage of a flammable liquid at a temperature at or above its boiling point.
(d) Low pressure tanks.
(i) The normal operating pressure of the tank must not exceed the design pressure of the tank.
(ii) Low-pressure tanks must be built in accordance with acceptable standards of design. Low-pressure tanks may be built in accordance with:
(A) American Petroleum Institute Standard No. 620, Recommended Rules for the Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks, Third Edition, 1966.
(B) The principles of the Code for Unfired Pressure Vessels, Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessels Code, 1968.
(iii) Atmospheric tanks built according to the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., requirements in (c)(i) of this subsection may be used for operating pressures not exceeding 1 p.s.i.g. and must be limited to 2.5 p.s.i.g. under emergency venting conditions. Pressure vessels may be used as low-pressure tanks.
(e) Pressure vessels.
(i) The normal operating pressure of the vessel must not exceed the design pressure of the vessel.
(ii) Pressure vessels must be built in accordance with the Code for Unfired Pressure Vessels, Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, 1968.
(f) Provisions for internal corrosion. When tanks are not designed in accordance with the American Petroleum Institute, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, or the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc.'s standards, or if corrosion is anticipated beyond that provided for in the design formulas used, you must provide additional metal thickness or suitable protective coatings or linings to compensate for the corrosion loss expected during the design life of the tank.
(2) Installation of outside aboveground tanks.
(a) Location with respect to property lines and public ways.
(i) Every aboveground tank for the storage of flammable liquids, except those liquids with boil-over characteristics and unstable liquids, operating at pressures not in excess of 2.5 p.s.i.g. and equipped with emergency venting which will not permit pressures to exceed 2.5 p.s.i.g. must be located in accordance with Table H-5.
(ii) Every aboveground tank for the storage of flammable liquids, except those liquids with boil-over characteristics and unstable flammable liquids, operating at pressures exceeding 2.5 p.s.i.g. or equipped with emergency venting which will permit pressures to exceed 2.5 p.s.i.g. must be located in accordance with Table H-6.
(iii) Every aboveground tank for the storage of flammable liquids with boil-over characteristics must be located in accordance with Table H-7.
(iv) Every aboveground tank for the storage of unstable liquids must be located in accordance with Table H-8.
(v) Reference minimum distances for use in Tables H-5 to H-8 inclusive.
(vi) Where end failure or horizontal pressure tanks and vessels may expose property, you must place the tank with the longitudinal axis parallel to the nearest important exposure.
TABLE H-5
Type of tank
 
Protection
 
Minimum distance in feet from
property line which may be built upon, including the
opposite side of a public way.
 
Minimum distance in feet from nearest side of any public way or from
nearest important building and shall be not less than 5 feet.
 
Floating
roof ————  
Protection for exposures.
 
1/2 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 90 ft.
 
1/6 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 30 ft.
 
 
 
None ————  
Diameter of tank but need not exceed 175 ft.
 
1/6 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 30 ft.
 
Vertical with weak roof to shell seam
 
Approved foam or inerting system on the tank.
 
1/2 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 90 ft. and shall not be less than 5 ft.
 
1/6 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 30 ft.
 
 
 
Protection for exposures.
 
Diameter of tank but need not exceed 175 ft.
 
1/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 60 ft.
 
 
 
None ————  
2 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 350 ft.
 
1/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 60 ft.
 
Horizontal and vertical, with emergency relief venting to limit pressures to 2.5 p.s.i.g.
 
Approved inerting system on the tank or approved foam system on vertical tanks.
 
1/2 times Table H-9 but shall not be less than 5 ft.
 
1/2 times Table H-9.
 
 
 
Protection for exposures.
 
Table H-9 ————  
Table H-9
 
 
 
None ————  
2 times table ————  
Table H-9
 
TABLE H-6
Type of
tank
 
Protection
 
Minimum distance in feet from
property line which may be built upon, including the
opposite side of a public way.
 
Minimum distance
in feet from
nearest side of
any public way or from nearest
important building.
 
Any type
-
Protection for exposures.
 
1 1/2 times Table H-9 but shall not be less than 25 ft.
 
1 1/2 times Table H-9 but shall not be less than 25 ft.
 
 
 
None ————  
3 times Table H-9 but shall not be less than 50 ft.
 
1 1/2 times Table H-9 but shall not be less than 25 ft.
 
TABLE H-7
Type of tank
 
Protection
 
Minimum distance in feet from
property line which may be built upon, including the
opposite side of a public way.
 
Minimum distance in feet from nearest side of any public way or from
nearest important building.
 
Floating
roof ————  
Protection for exposures.
 
Diameter of tank but need not exceed 175 ft.
 
1/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 60 ft.
 
None ————   
2 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 350 ft.
 
1/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 60 ft.
 
Fixed
roof ————  
Approved foam or inerting system.
 
Diameter of tank but need not exceed 175 ft.
 
1/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 60 ft.
 
Protection
for exposures.
 
2 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 350 ft.
 
2/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 120 ft.
 
None ————   
4 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 350 ft.
 
2/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 120 ft.
 
TABLE H-8
Type of tank
 
Protection
 
Minimum distance in feet from
property line which may be built upon, including the
opposite side of a public way.
 
Minimum distance in feet from nearest side of any public way or from
nearest important building.
 
Floating
roof ————  
Protection for exposures.
 
Diameter of tank but need not exceed 175 ft.
 
1/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 60 ft.
 
None ————   
2 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 350 ft.
 
1/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 60 ft.
 
Fixed
roof ————  
Approved foam or inerting system.
 
Diameter of tank but need not exceed 175 ft.
 
1/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 60 ft.
 
Protection
for exposures.
 
2 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 350 ft.
 
2/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 120 ft.
 
None ————   
4 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 350 ft.
 
2/3 times diameter of tank but need not exceed 120 ft.
 
TABLE H-9
Capacity tank gallons
 
Minimum distance
in feet from
property line which may be built upon, including the
opposite side of a public way.
 
Minimum distance in feet from
nearest side of any public way or from nearest important building.
 
275
 
or less
  ————  5
 
5
 
276
 
to
750
  ————  10
 
5
 
751
 
to
12,000
  ————  15
 
5
 
12,001
 
to
30,000
  ————  20
 
5
 
30,001
 
to
50,000
  ————  30
 
10
 
50,001
 
to
100,000
  ————  50
 
15
 
100,001
 
to
500,000
  ————  80
 
25
 
500,001
 
to
1,000,000
  ———— 100
 
35
 
1,000,001
 
to
2,000,000
  ———— 135
 
45
 
2,000,001
 
to
3,000,000
  ———— 165
 
55
 
3,000,001
 
or more
  ———— 175
 
60
 
(b) Spacing (shell-to-shell) between aboveground tanks.
(i) The distance between any two flammable liquid storage tanks must not be less than three feet.
(ii) Except as provided in (b)(iii) of this subsection, the distance between any two adjacent tanks must not be less than one-sixth the sum of their diameters. When the diameter of one tank is less than one-half the diameter of the adjacent tank, the distance between the two tanks must not be less than one-half the diameter of the smaller tank.
(iii) Where crude petroleum in conjunction with production facilities are located in noncongested areas and have capacities not exceeding 126,000 gallons (3,000 barrels), the distance between such tanks must not be less than three feet.
(iv) Where unstable flammable liquids are stored, the distance between such tanks must not be less than one-half the sum of their diameters.
(v) When tanks are compacted in three or more rows or in an irregular pattern, you must provide greater spacing or other means so that inside tanks are accessible for firefighting purposes.
(vi) The minimum separation between a liquefied petroleum gas container and a flammable liquid storage tank must be twenty feet, except in the case of flammable liquid tanks operating at pressures exceeding 2.5 p.s.i.g. or equipped with emergency venting which will permit pressures to exceed 2.5 p.s.i.g. in which case the provisions of (b)(i) and (ii) of this subsection must apply. You must take suitable means to prevent the accumulation of flammable liquids under adjacent liquefied petroleum gas containers such as by diversion curbs or grading. When flammable liquid storage tanks are within a diked area, the liquefied petroleum gas containers must be outside the diked area and at least ten feet away from the centerline of the wall of the diked area. The foregoing provisions must not apply when liquefied petroleum gas containers of 125 gallons or less capacity are installed adjacent to fuel oil supply tanks of 550 gallons or less capacity.
(c) Location of outside aboveground tanks with respect to important buildings on same property. You must separate every outside aboveground tank from important buildings on the same property by distances not less than those specified in (a)(i) through (iv) of this subsection, whichever is applicable. The appropriate distance column in Tables H-5, H-6, H-7, H-8, or H-9, that you must use is the one reading: "Minimum distance in feet from nearest side of any public way or from nearest important building."
(d) Normal venting for aboveground tanks.
(i) You must adequately vent atmospheric storage tanks to prevent the development of vacuum or pressure sufficient to distort the roof of a cone roof tank or exceed the design pressure in the case of other atmospheric tanks, as a result of filling or emptying, and atmospheric temperature changes.
(ii) Normal vents must be sized either in accordance with: (A) The American Petroleum Institute Standard 2000 (1968), Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks; or (B), other accepted standard; or (C) must be at least as large as the filling or withdrawal connection, whichever is larger but in no case less than 1 1/4 inch nominal inside diameter.
(iii) You must adequately vent low-pressure tanks and pressure vessels to prevent development of pressure or vacuum, as a result of filling or emptying and atmospheric temperature changes, from exceeding the design pressure of the tank or vessel. Protection must also be provided to prevent over-pressure from any pump discharging into the tank or vessel when the pump discharge pressure can exceed the design pressure of the tank or vessel.
(iv) If any tank or pressure vessel has more than one fill or withdrawal connection and simultaneous filling or withdrawal can be made, the vent size must be based on the maximum anticipated simultaneous flow.
(v) Unless the vent is designed to limit the internal pressure 2.5 p.s.i. or less, the outlet of vents and vent drains must be arranged to discharge in such a manner as to prevent localized overheating of any part of the tank in the event vapors from such vents are ignited.
(vi) Tanks and pressure vessels storing Category 1 flammable liquids must be equipped with venting devices which must be normally closed except when venting to pressures or vacuum conditions. Tanks and pressure vessels storing Category 2 flammable liquids and Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100°F (37.8°C) liquids must be equipped with venting devices which must be normally closed except when venting under pressure or vacuum conditions, or with approved flame arresters.
Exemption:
Tanks of 3,000 bbls. (barrels) capacity or less containing crude petroleum in crude-producing areas; and, outside aboveground atmospheric tanks under 1,000 gallons capacity containing other than Category 1 flammable liquids may have open vents. (See (2)(f)(ii) of this section.)
(vii) Flame arresters or venting devices required in (e)(vi) of this subsection may be omitted for Category 2 flammable liquids and Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100°F (37.8°C) where conditions are such that their use may, in case of obstruction, result in tank damage.
(e) Emergency relief venting for fire exposure for aboveground tanks.
(i) Every aboveground storage tank must have some form of construction or device that will relieve excessive internal pressure caused by exposure fires.
(ii) In a vertical tank the construction referred to in (e)(i) of this subsection may take the form of a floating roof, lifter roof, a weak roof-to-shell seam, or other approved pressure relieving construction. The weak roof-to-shell seam must be constructed to fail preferential to any other seam.
(iii) Where entire dependence for emergency relief is placed upon pressure relieving devices, the total venting capacity of both normal and emergency vents must be enough to prevent rupture of the shell or bottom of the tank if vertical, or of the shell or heads if horizontal. If unstable liquids are stored, you must take into account the effects of heat or gas resulting from polymerization, decomposition, condensation, or self-reactivity. The total capacity of both normal and emergency venting devices must be not less than that derived from Table H-10 except as provided in (e)(v) and (vi) of this subsection. Such device may be a self-closing manhole cover, or one using long bolts that permit the cover to lift under internal pressure, or an additional or larger relief valve or valves. You must calculate the wetted area of the tank on the basis of 55% of the total exposed area of a sphere or spheroid, 75% of the total exposed area of a horizontal tank and the first thirty feet above grade of the exposed shell area of a vertical tank.
TABLE 10
WETTED AREA VERSUS CUBIC FEET
FREE AIR PER HOUR
(14.7 psia and 60°F)
Square
feet
CFH
Square
feet
CFH
Square
feet
CFH
20
 
21,100
 
200
 
211,000
 
1,000
524,000
 
30
 
31,600
 
250
 
239,000
 
1,200
557,000
 
40
 
42,100
 
300
 
265,000
 
1,400
587,000
 
50
 
52,700
 
350
 
288,000
 
1,600
614,000
 
60
 
63,200
 
400
 
312,000
 
1,800
639,000
 
70
 
73,700
 
500
 
354,000
 
2,000
662,000
 
80
 
84,200
 
600
 
392,000
 
2,400
704,000
 
90
 
94,800
 
700
 
428,000
 
2,800
742,000
 
100
 
105,000
 
800
 
462,000
 
and
 
 
120
 
126,000
 
900
 
493,000
 
over
 
 
140
 
147,000
 
1,000
 
524,000
 
 
 
 
160
 
168,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
180
 
190,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
200
 
211,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(iv) For tanks and storage vessels designed for pressure over 1 p.s.i.g., you must determine the total rate of venting in accordance with Table H-10, except that when the exposed wetted area of the surface is greater than 2,800 square feet, you must calculate the total rate of venting by the following formula:
CFH = 1,107A0.82
Where:
 
CFH =
Venting requirement, in cubic feet of free air per hour.
A =
Exposed wetted surface, in square feet.
Note:
The foregoing formula is based on Q = 21,000A0.82.
(v) The total emergency relief venting capacity for any specific stable liquid may be determined by the following formula:
Cubic feet of free air per hour = V
 
V =
1337
L M
 
V =
Cubic feet of free air per hour from Table H-10.
L =
Latent heat of vaporization of specific liquid in B.t.u. per pound.
M =
Molecular weight of specific liquids.
(vi) The required airflow rate of (e)(iii) or (v) of this subsection may be multiplied by the appropriate factor listed in the following schedule when protection is provided as indicated. Only one factor may be used for any one tank.
0.5 for drainage in accordance with (2)(g)(ii) of this section for tanks over 200 square feet of wetted area.
0.3 for approved water spray.
0.3 for approved insulation.
0.15 for approved water spray with approved insulation.
(vii) You must arrange the outlet of all vents and vent drains on tanks equipped with emergency venting to permit pressures exceeding 2.5 p.s.i.g. to discharge in such a way as to prevent localized overheating of any part of the tank, in the event vapors from such vents are ignited.
(viii) Each commercial tank venting device must have stamped on it the opening pressure, the pressure at which the valve reaches the full open position, and the flow capacity at the latter pressure, expressed in cubic feet per hour of air at 60°F and at a pressure of 14.7 p.s.i.a.
(ix) You must determine the flow capacity of tank venting devices 12 inches and smaller in nominal pipe size by actual test of each type and size of vent. These flow tests may be conducted by the manufacturer if certified by a qualified impartial observer, or may be conducted by an outside agency. The flow capacity of tank venting devices larger than twelve inches nominal pipe size, including manhole covers with long bolts or equivalent, may be calculated provided that the opening pressure is actually measured, the rating pressure and corresponding free orifice area are stated, the word "calculated" appears on the nameplate, and the computation is based on a flow coefficient of 0.5 applied to the rated orifice area.
(f) Vent piping for aboveground tanks.
(i) Vent piping must be constructed in accordance with WAC 296-24-33007 of this section.
(ii) Where vent pipe outlets for tanks storing Category 1 or 2 flammable liquids, or Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100°F (37.8°C), are adjacent to buildings or public ways, you must locate them so that the vapors are released at a safe point outside of buildings and not less than twelve feet above the adjacent ground level. In order to aid their dispersion, vapors must be discharged upward or horizontally away from closely adjacent walls. Vent outlets must be located so that flammable vapors will not be trapped by eaves or other obstructions and must be at least 5 feet from building openings.
(iii) When tank vent piping is manifolded, pipe sizes must be such as to discharge within the pressure limitations of the system, the vapors they may be required to handle when manifolded tanks are subject to the same fire exposure.
(g) Drainage, dikes, and walls for aboveground tanks.
(i) Drainage and diked areas. You must provide the area surrounding a tank or a group of tanks with drainage as in (g)(ii) of this subsection, or you must dike as provided in (g)(iii) of this subsection, to prevent accidental discharge of liquid from endangering adjoining property or reaching waterways.
(ii) Drainage. Where protection of adjoining property or waterways is by means of a natural or man-made drainage system, such systems must comply with the following:
(A) You must provide a slope of not less than 1% away from the tank toward the drainage system.
(B) The drainage system must terminate in vacant land or other area or in an impounding basin having a capacity not smaller than that of the largest tank served. This termination area and the route of the drainage system must be so located that, if the flammable liquids in the drainage system are ignited, the fire will not seriously expose tanks or adjoining property.
(C) The drainage system, including automatic drainage pumps, must not discharge to adjoining property, natural water courses, public sewers, or public drains unless the discharge of flammable liquids would not constitute a hazard, or the system is so designed that it will not permit flammable liquids to be released.
(iii) Diked areas. Where protection of adjoining property or waterways is accomplished by retaining the liquid around the tank by means of a dike, the volume of the diked area must comply with the following requirements:
(A) Except as provided in (g)(iii)(B) of this subsection, the volumetric capacity of the diked area must not be less than the greatest amount of liquid that can be released from the largest tank within the diked area, assuming a full tank. You must calculate the capacity of the diked area enclosing more than one tank by deducting the volume of the tanks other than the largest tank below the height of the dike.
(B) For a tank or group of tanks with fixed roofs containing crude petroleum with boilover characteristics, the volumetric capacity of the diked area must be not less than the capacity of the largest tank served by the enclosure, assuming a full tank. You must calculate the capacity of the diked enclosure by deducting the volume below the height of the dike of all tanks within the enclosure.
(C) Walls of the diked area must be of earth, steel, concrete or solid masonry designed to be liquidtight and to withstand a full hydrostatic head. Earthen walls three feet or more in height must have a flat section at the top not less than two feet wide. The slope of an earthen wall must be consistent with the angle of repose of the material of which the wall is constructed.
(D) You must restrict the walls of the diked area to an average height of six feet above interior grade.
(E) Where provision is made for draining water from diked areas, you must provide drainage at a uniform slope of not less than 1% away from tanks toward a sump, drainbox, or other safe means of disposal located at the greatest practical distance from the tank. You must normally control such drains in a manner so as to prevent flammable liquids from entering natural water courses, public sewers, or public drains, if their presence would constitute a hazard. Control of drainage must be accessible under fire conditions.
(F) You must not permit any loose combustible material, empty or full drum or barrel, within the diked area.
(G) You must subdivide each diked area containing two or more tanks preferably by drainage channels or at least by intermediate curbs in order to prevent spills from endangering adjacent tanks within the diked area as follows:
(I) When storing normally stable liquids in vertical cone roof tanks constructed with weak roof-to-shell seam or approved floating roof tanks or when storing crude petroleum in producing areas in any type of tank, one subdivision for each tank in excess of 10,000 bbls. and one subdivision for each group of tanks (no tank exceeding 10,000 bbls. capacity) having an aggregate capacity not exceeding 15,000 bbls.
(II) When storing normally stable flammable liquids in tanks not covered in (g)(iii)(G)(I) of this subsection, one subdivision for each tank in excess of 100,000 gallons (2,500 bbls.) and one subdivision for each group of tanks (no tank exceeding 100,000 gallons capacity) having an aggregate capacity not exceeding 150,000 gallons (3,570 bbls.).
(III) When storing unstable liquids in any type of tank, one subdivision for each tank except that tanks installed in accordance with the drainage requirements of NFPA 15-1969, Standard for Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire Protection must require no additional subdivision.
(IV) The drainage channels or intermediate curbs must be located between tanks so as to take full advantage of the available space with due regard for the individual tank capacities. Intermediate curbs, where used, must be not less than eighteen inches in height.
(h) Tank openings other than vents for aboveground tanks.
(i) Connections for all tank openings must be vaportight and liquidtight. Vents are covered in (d) through (f) of this subsection.
(ii) You must provide each connection to an aboveground tank through which liquid can normally flow with an internal or an external valve located as close as practical to the shell of the tank. Such valves, when external, and their connections to the tank must be of steel except when the chemical characteristics of the liquid stored are incompatible with steel. When materials other than steel are necessary, they must be suitable for the pressures, structural stresses, and temperatures involved, including fire exposures.
(iii) You must provide each connection below the liquid level through which liquid does not normally flow with a liquidtight closure. This may be a valve, plug, or blind, or a combination of these.
(iv) You must provide openings for gaging with a vapor tight cap or cover.
(v) For Category 2 flammable liquids and Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100°F (37.8°C), other than crude oils, gasolines, and asphalts, you must design and install the fill pipe so as to minimize the possibility of generating static electricity. A fill pipe entering the top of a tank must terminate within six inches of the bottom of the tank and must be installed to avoid excessive vibration.
(vi) You must locate filling and emptying connections which are made and broken outside of buildings at a location free from any source of ignition and not less than five feet away from any building opening. Such connection must be closed and liquidtight when not in use. The connection must be properly identified.
(3) Installation of underground tanks.
(a) Location. You must do excavation for underground storage tanks with due care to avoid undermining of foundations of existing structures. You must locate underground tanks or tanks under buildings with respect to existing building foundations and supports that the loads carried by the latter cannot be transmitted to the tank. The distance from any part of a tank storing Category 1 or 2 flammable liquids, or Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100°F (37.8°C), to the nearest wall of any basement or pit must be not less than one foot, and to any property line that may be built upon, not less than 3 feet. The distance from any part of a tank storing Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint at or above 100°F (37.8°C) or Category 4 flammable liquids to the nearest wall of any basement, pit or property line must not be less than one foot.
(b) Depth and cover. You must set underground tanks on firm foundations and surrounded with at least 6 inches of noncorrosive, inert materials such as clean sand, earth, or gravel well tamped in place. You must place the tank in the hole with care since dropping or rolling the tank into the hole can break a weld, puncture or damage the tank, or scrape off the protective coating of coated tanks. You must cover tanks with a minimum of 2 feet of earth or with not less than one foot of earth, on top of which must be placed a slab of reinforced concrete not less than 4 inches thick. When underground tanks are, or are likely to be, subject to traffic, you must protect them against damage from vehicles passing over them by at least 3 feet of earth cover, or 18 inches of well-tamped earth, plus 6 inches of reinforced concrete or 8 inches of asphaltic concrete. When asphaltic or reinforced concrete paving is used as part of the protection, it must extend at least one foot horizontally beyond the outline of the tank in all directions.
(c) Corrosion protection. You must provide corrosion protection for the tank and its piping by one or more of the following methods:
(i) Use of protective coatings or wrappings;
(ii) Cathodic protection; or,
(iii) Corrosion resistant materials of construction.
(d) Vents.
(i) Location and arrangement of vents for Category 1 or 2 flammable liquids, or Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100°F (37.8°C). Vent pipes from tanks storing Category 1 or 2 flammable liquids, or Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100°F (37.8°C), must be located so that the discharge point is outside of buildings, higher than the fill pipe opening, and not less than 12 feet above the adjacent ground level. Vent pipes must discharge only upward in order to disperse vapors. Vent pipes 2 inches or less in nominal inside diameter must not be obstructed by devices that will cause excessive back pressure. Vent pipe outlets must be located so that flammable vapors will not enter building openings, or be trapped under eaves or other obstructions. If the vent pipe is less than 10 feet in length, or greater than 2 inches in nominal inside diameter, the outlet must be provided with a vacuum and pressure relief device or there must be an approved flame arrester located in the vent line at the outlet or within the approved distance from the outlet.
(ii) Size of vents. You must vent each tank shall be vented through piping adequate in size to prevent blow-back of vapor or liquid at the fill opening while the tank is being filled. Vent pipes must be not less than one and one-fourth inch nominal inside diameter.
TABLE H-11
VENT LINE DIAMETERS
Maximum flow
GPM
 
Pipe length*
 
50 feet
100 feet
200 feet
 
 
Inches
Inches
Inches
100
—————
1 1/4
1 1/4
1 1/4
200
—————
1 1/4
1 1/4
1 1/4
300
—————
1 1/4
1 1/4
1 1/2
400
—————
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
500
—————
1 1/2
1 1/2
2
600
—————
1 1/2
2
2
700
—————
2
2
2
800
—————
2
2
3
900
—————
2
2
3
1,000
—————
2
2
3
*
Vent lines of 50 ft., 100 ft., and 200 ft. of pipe plus 7 ells.
(iii) Location and arrangement of vents for Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint at or above 100°F (37.8°C) or Category 4 flammable liquids. Vent pipes from tanks storing Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint at or above 100°F (37.8°C) or Category 4 flammable liquids must terminate outside of the building and higher than the fill pipe opening. Vent outlets must be above normal snow level. They may be fitted with return bends, coarse screens or other devices to minimize ingress of foreign material.
(iv) Vent piping must be constructed in accordance with WAC 296-24-33007. Vent pipes must be laid so as to drain toward the tank without sags or traps in which liquid can collect. You must locate them so that they will not be subjected to physical damage. The tank end of the vent pipe must enter the tank through the top.
(v) When tank vent piping is manifolded, pipe sizes must be such as to discharge, within the pressure limitations of the system, the vapors they may be required to handle when manifolded tanks are filled simultaneously.
(e) Tank openings other than vents.
(i) Connections for all tank openings must be vapor or liquid tight.
(ii) You must provide openings for manual gaging, if independent of the fill pipe, with a liquid-tight cap or cover. If inside a building, you must protect each such opening against liquid overflow and possible vapor release by means of a spring-loaded check valve or other approved device.
(iii) Fill and discharge lines must enter tanks only through the top. Fill lines must be sloped to