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Chapter 388-444 WAC

Last Update: 8/21/19

BASIC FOOD WORK REQUIREMENTS

WAC Sections

HTMLPDF388-444-0005Am I required to work, register for work, or look for work in order to be eligible for basic food?
HTMLPDF388-444-0010Who is exempt from work registration while receiving basic food?
HTMLPDF388-444-0015How can the basic food employment and training (BF E&T) program help me find work?
HTMLPDF388-444-0025What expenses will the department pay to help me participate in BF E&T?
HTMLPDF388-444-0030Are able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) subject to additional work requirements and time limits to be eligible for basic food?
HTMLPDF388-444-0035Who is exempt from ABAWD time limits and minimum work requirements?
HTMLPDF388-444-0040May I volunteer for an unpaid work program in order to meet the work requirements under WAC 388-444-0030?
HTMLPDF388-444-0045How does an ABAWD regain eligibility for basic food after the three-month limit?
HTMLPDF388-444-0050What is good cause for failing to meet basic food work requirements?
HTMLPDF388-444-0055What are the penalties if I refuse or fail to meet basic food work requirements?
HTMLPDF388-444-0060What is unsuitable employment for basic food work requirements.
HTMLPDF388-444-0065Am I eligible for basic food if I quit my job or reduce my work effort?
HTMLPDF388-444-0070What is good cause for quitting my job or reducing my work effort?
HTMLPDF388-444-0075What are the penalties if you quit a job or reduce your work effort without good cause?
DISPOSITION OF SECTIONS FORMERLY CODIFIED IN THIS TITLE
388-444-0020When must clients register for work but are not required to participate in the food stamp employment and training program (FS E&T)? [Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.510 and 74.04.050. WSR 00-21-111, § 388-444-0020, filed 10/18/00, effective 11/18/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0020, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.] Repealed by WSR 10-18-048, filed 8/26/10, effective 10/1/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 U.S.C. 2015 (d)(1); 7 C.F.R. § 273.7.


PDF388-444-0005

Am I required to work, register for work, or look for work in order to be eligible for basic food?

Some people must register for work to receive basic food.
(1) If you receive basic food, we register you for work if you are:
(a) Age sixteen through fifty-nine; and
(b) Not exempt from work registration under WAC 388-444-0010.
(2) If you are required to register for work, we register you:
(a) When you apply for basic food benefits or are added to someone's assistance unit; and
(b) [At least once] every twelve months thereafter [or at recertification if your work registration status changes].
(3) If we register you for work, you must:
(a) Contact us as required;
(b) Provide information regarding your employment status and availability for work if we ask for it;
(c) Report to an employer if we refer you;
(d) Not voluntarily quit a job or reduce your work effort as defined under WAC 388-444-0065 unless you have good cause under WAC 388-444-0070;
(e) Accept a bona fide offer of suitable employment. We define unsuitable employment under WAC 388-444-0060; and
(f) Not be in sanction status under WAC 388-310-1600 (if you are a mandatory WorkFirst participant).
(4) If we register you for work, you must meet all of the requirements under subsection (3) of this section. If you do not meet these requirements, we disqualify you from receiving benefits as described in WAC 388-444-0055, unless you meet the good cause conditions as defined in WAC 388-444-0050.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 7 C.F.R. 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 16-04-046, § 388-444-0005, filed 1/27/16, effective 2/27/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, and 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 13-21-126, § 388-444-0005, filed 10/22/13, effective 11/22/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 U.S.C. 2015 (d)(1); 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 10-18-048, § 388-444-0005, filed 8/26/10, effective 10/1/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.510, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.903 and Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008. WSR 09-04-009, § 388-444-0005, filed 1/22/09, effective 2/22/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, and 7 C.F.R. 273.7 and 273.25. WSR 07-14-125, § 388-444-0005, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-24-026, § 388-444-0005, filed 11/29/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0005, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]
Reviser's note: RCW 34.05.395 requires the use of underlining and deletion marks to indicate amendments to existing rules, and deems ineffectual changes not filed by the agency in this manner. The bracketed material in the above section does not appear to conform to the statutory requirement.



PDF388-444-0010

Who is exempt from work registration while receiving basic food?

If you receive basic food, you are exempt from work registration and the requirements in chapter 388-444 WAC if you meet any one of the following conditions:
(1) Are age sixteen or seventeen, and:
(a) Not the head of household;
(b) Attend school; or
(c) Are enrolled at least half time (using the institutions definition) in an employment and training program under:
(i) The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014 (WIOA);
(ii) Section 236 of the Trade Act of 1974; or
(iii) A state or local employment and training program.
(2) You are a student age eighteen or older enrolled at least half time as defined by the institution in:
(a) Any accredited school;
(b) A training program; or
(c) An institution of higher education. If you are enrolled in higher education, you must meet the requirements under WAC 388-482-0005 to be eligible for basic food benefits.
(3) You are an employed or self-employed person working at least thirty hours per week, or receiving weekly earnings equal to the federal minimum wage multiplied by thirty;
(4) You are complying with the work requirements of an employment and training program under temporary assistance for needy families (TANF);
(5) You receive unemployment compensation (UC) benefits or have an application pending for UC benefits;
(6) You are responsible to care for:
(a) A dependent child under age six; or
(b) An adult with an incapacity that meets the requirements of WAC 388-310-0350 (1)(d)(i), (ii), (iv), and (v), except the person does not need to be related to you as stated in (1)(d)(v).
(7) You are physically or mentally unable to work as determined below:
(a) A DSHS SSI facilitator has assessed you as likely to be approved for SSI or other benefits and are required to apply for SSI or another type of federal disability benefit (such as railroad retirement or Social Security disability) and your SSI application status may be verified through either the SSI facilitator or state data exchange, or both;
(b) You have a severe and chronic mental, physical, emotional, or cognitive disability that prevents you from participating in work or work activities for at least thirty hours a week; or
(c) We verify your disability using documentation from DDA, DVR, HCS, MHD, or RSN, or by one of the medical or mental health professionals listed in WAC 388-310-0350(2).
(8) You regularly participate in a drug addiction or alcoholic treatment and rehabilitation program.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 7 C.F.R. 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 16-04-046, § 388-444-0010, filed 1/27/16, effective 2/27/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.08.090, 74.08A.250, and 2013 c 39. WSR 13-24-043, § 388-444-0010, filed 11/26/13, effective 1/1/14. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 U.S.C. 2015 (d)(1); 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 10-18-048, § 388-444-0010, filed 8/26/10, effective 10/1/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0010, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0015

How can the basic food employment and training (BF E&T) program help me find work?

The basic food employment and training (BF E&T) program is the name for Washington's voluntary supplemental nutrition assistance program (SNAP) employment and training program.
(1) If you receive federally funded basic food benefits, you may choose to receive services through the BF E&T program in one or more of the following activities, if we currently provide the service in the county where you live:
(a) Job search;
(b) Paid or unpaid work;
(c) Training or work experience;
(d) High school equivalency classes; or
(e) English as a second language (ESL) classes.
(2) If you are eligible to participate in a BF E&T activity, there is no limit to the number of hours you can participate.
(3) If you receive benefits under the state-funded food assistance program (FAP), you are not eligible to participate in BF E&T.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.08.090, 74.08A.250, and 2013 c 39. WSR 13-24-043, § 388-444-0015, filed 11/26/13, effective 1/1/14. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 U.S.C. 2015 (d)(1); 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 10-18-048, § 388-444-0015, filed 8/26/10, effective 10/1/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 7 C.F.R. 273.7 and 273.25. WSR 06-24-026, § 388-444-0015, filed 11/29/06, effective 1/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050 and 74.04.510. WSR 00-04-006, § 388-444-0015, filed 1/20/00, effective 3/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0015, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0025

What expenses will the department pay to help me participate in BF E&T?

(1) The department pays certain actual expenses needed for you to participate in the BF E&T program. We will pay for the following expenses:
(a) Transportation related costs; and
(b) Dependent care costs for each dependent through twelve years of age.
(2) We do not pay your dependent care costs if:
(a) The child is thirteen years of age or older unless they are:
(i) Physically and/or mentally unable to care for themselves; or
(ii) Under court order requiring adult supervision; or
(b) Any member in the food assistance unit provides the dependent care.
(3) We do not use the cost of dependent care the department pays for as an income deduction for your household's dependent care costs under WAC 388-450-0185.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 U.S.C. 2015 (d)(1); 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 10-18-048, § 388-444-0025, filed 8/26/10, effective 10/1/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, and 74.08.090. WSR 07-21-075, § 388-444-0025, filed 10/16/07, effective 11/16/07; WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0025, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0030

Are able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) subject to additional work requirements and time limits to be eligible for basic food?

(1) An able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) is a person who:
(a) Is age eighteen through forty-nine;
(b) Is fit for work and not exempted under WAC 388-444-0035; and
(c) Does not receive food assistance in an assistance unit (AU) that includes a minor child (we will consider the AU to include a minor child even if the minor child is not eligible to receive food assistance).
(2) If you are an ABAWD, you must participate in work activities under subsection (4) of this section.
(3) Nonexempt ABAWDs who live outside of King County or on the Muckleshoot Tribal Reservation may continue to receive food assistance until December 31, 2019, even if they fail to participate in work-related activities.
(4) A nonexempt ABAWD is not eligible to receive food assistance for more than three full months (which do not have to be consecutive months), not including any partial benefit months in a thirty-six month period, unless the ABAWD:
(a) Works an average of eighty hours per month, including:
(i) Work in exchange for money;
(ii) Work in exchange for goods or services ("in kind" work);
(iii) Unpaid work that is verified according to department requirements; or
(iv) Any combination of (a)(i) through (iii) of this subsection;
(b) Participates in one of the following work programs and is meeting the requirements of that work program:
(i) The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014;
(ii) Section 236 of the Trade Act of 1974;
(iii) A state-approved employment and training program at least an average of eighty hours per month; or
(c) Participates in an unpaid work program as provided in WAC 388-444-0040.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, and Title 7 C.F.R. Part 273.24. WSR 19-17-086, § 388-444-0030, filed 8/21/19, effective 9/21/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.04.500, and 74.08A.120. WSR 18-02-037, § 388-444-0030, filed 12/22/17, effective 1/22/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.04.500, 74.08A.120 and see WSR 16-07-003, other authority. WSR 16-07-003, § 388-444-0030, filed 3/3/16, effective 4/3/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, and 7 C.F.R. 273.24. WSR 15-18-042, § 388-444-0030, filed 8/26/15, effective 9/26/15; WSR 14-18-028, § 388-444-0030, filed 8/26/14, effective 9/26/14; WSR 13-17-123, § 388-444-0030, filed 8/21/13, effective 9/21/13; WSR 12-16-025, § 388-444-0030, filed 7/25/12, effective 8/25/12; WSR 11-18-039, § 388-444-0030, filed 8/31/11, effective 10/1/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 C.F.R. §§ 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 10-23-112, § 388-444-0030, filed 11/17/10, effective 12/18/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.04.500, 74.08A.120, and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. WSR 10-13-046, § 388-444-0030, filed 6/9/10, effective 7/10/10; WSR 09-14-018, § 388-444-0030, filed 6/22/09, effective 7/23/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0030, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0035

Who is exempt from ABAWD time limits and minimum work requirements?

Some people who receive basic food are exempt from able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) time limits and minimum work requirements. You are exempt from ABAWD time limits and work requirements under WAC 388-444-0030 if you meet any one or more of the following:
(1) You are under age eighteen or are age fifty or older;
(2) You receive temporary or permanent disability benefits issued by a governmental or private source;
(3) You are obviously mentally or physically unfit for employment as determined by the department; however, if the unfitness is not obvious, you must provide a statement that you are physically or mentally unfit for employment from a physician, physician's assistant, nurse, nurse practitioner, designated representative of the physician's office, licensed or certified psychologist, social worker, or any other medical personnel the department determines appropriate;
(4) You are an adult in a basic food assistance unit that has a family member who is under the age of eighteen;
(5) You are pregnant;
(6) You live in an area approved as exempt by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA);
(7) You are complying with the work requirements of an employment and training program under temporary assistance for needy families (TANF);
(8) You are applying for or currently receive unemployment compensation;
(9) You are a student enrolled at least half time as defined by the institution in:
(a) Any accredited school;
(b) Training program; or
(c) Institution of higher education and you meet the requirements of WAC 388-482-0005 regarding basic food eligibility;
(10) You are participating in a chemical dependency treatment and rehabilitation program;
(11) You are employed a minimum of thirty hours per week or receive weekly earnings that equal the federal minimum hourly rate multiplied by thirty hours;
(12) You are eligible for one of the approved exemption slots under the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) fifteen percent exemption rule; or
(13) You are otherwise exempt from work requirements under WAC 388-444-0010.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 7 C.F.R. 273.7, and SNAP. WSR 16-22-002, § 388-444-0035, filed 10/19/16, effective 11/19/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 7 C.F.R. 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 16-04-046, § 388-444-0035, filed 1/27/16, effective 2/27/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 C.F.R. §§ 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 10-23-112, § 388-444-0035, filed 11/17/10, effective 12/18/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050 and 74.04.510. WSR 03-05-031, § 388-444-0035, filed 2/10/03, effective 4/1/03; WSR 00-04-006, § 388-444-0035, filed 1/20/00, effective 3/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.510. WSR 99-07-024, § 388-444-0035, filed 3/10/99, effective 4/10/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0035, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0040

May I volunteer for an unpaid work program in order to meet the work requirements under WAC 388-444-0030?

May I volunteer for an unpaid work program to meet the work requirements under WAC 388-444-0030?
(1) To meet the work requirements of WAC 388-444-0030, you may volunteer for workfare, an unpaid work program that includes work with public or private nonprofit agencies contracted with the department of social and health services.
(2) We determine the number of hours you must participate by taking the total amount of food benefits your assistance unit (AU) receives and divide it by the state or local minimum wage, whichever is higher.
(3) If there are multiple able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) in your AU, they share the responsibility of meeting the required number of hours.
(4) Workfare does not include court-ordered community service.
(5) We cannot require you to participate more than one hundred and twenty hours per month in an unpaid-work program, paid work, or a combination of activities. ABAWDs may choose to volunteer to participate in activities beyond one hundred and twenty hours per month.
(6) The department may pay for some of the costs for you to participate in work programs. We set the standards for the amount we will pay for these expenses.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.04.500, 74.08A.120 and 7 C.F.R. 273.24, 7 C.F.R. 273.7. WSR 18-15-044, § 388-444-0040, filed 7/13/18, effective 8/13/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090 and 7 C.F.R. 273.24. WSR 14-18-028, § 388-444-0040, filed 8/26/14, effective 9/26/14. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 C.F.R. §§ 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 10-23-112, § 388-444-0040, filed 11/17/10, effective 12/18/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.510, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.903 and Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008. WSR 09-04-009, § 388-444-0040, filed 1/22/09, effective 2/22/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.510. WSR 99-07-024, § 388-444-0040, filed 3/10/99, effective 4/10/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0040, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0045

How does an ABAWD regain eligibility for basic food after the three-month limit?

(1) If you have received three months of benefits as an able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) and are not eligible due to nonparticipation in the work requirements of WAC 388-444-0030, you may regain eligibility after reapplying for basic food by:
(a) Working eighty hours or more during a thirty-day period;
(b) Participating in and meeting the requirements of a work program as outlined in WAC 388-444-0030 for eighty hours or more during a thirty-day period;
(c) Participating in and meeting the requirements of the community service part of a workfare program;
(d) Meeting any of the work requirements in (a) through (c) of this subsection in the thirty days after the date you have reapplied for basic food; or
(e) Meeting an exemption as outlined in WAC 388-444-0035.
(2) If you regain eligibility for food assistance under subsection (1) of this section, you are eligible for basic food from:
(a) The date you reapplied for basic food if you requalify by participating in the workfare program; or
(b) The date of reapplication or the date you complete the required number of participation hours in a work or work-like activity, whichever is later.
(3) If you meet all other requirements for basic food and you have regained eligibility under subsection (1) of this section, you will receive an additional three consecutive months of basic food benefits that we start counting when you:
(a) Lose employment;
(b) Stop participating in a work or workfare program; or
(c) Stop qualifying for an exemption and you are not participating in work requirements.
(4) We only allow the additional three months of basic food once in each thirty-six month period under subsection (1) of this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.04.500, and 74.08A.120. WSR 18-02-037, § 388-444-0045, filed 12/22/17, effective 1/22/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 C.F.R. §§ 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 10-23-112, § 388-444-0045, filed 11/17/10, effective 12/18/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.510. WSR 99-07-024, § 388-444-0045, filed 3/10/99, effective 4/10/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0045, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0050

What is good cause for failing to meet basic food work requirements?

(1) If we have registered you to work, you may have a good reason (good cause) for refusing or failing to meet work requirements under WAC 388-444-0005.
(2) Good cause reasons include, but are not limited to:
(a) You were injured or ill;
(b) A household member who needs your help was injured or ill;
(c) A household emergency;
(d) The unavailability of transportation; or
(e) Lack of adequate dependent care for children six through twelve years of age.
(3) If we determine that you do not have good cause for failing or refusing to meet the work requirements under WAC 388-444-0005, you will be disqualified from receiving basic food as described under WAC 388-444-0055.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 U.S.C. 2015 (d)(1); 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 10-18-048, § 388-444-0050, filed 8/26/10, effective 10/1/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0050, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0055

What are the penalties if I refuse or fail to meet basic food work requirements?

(1) If we register you for work you must meet the work requirements under WAC 388-444-0005 or 388-444-0030 unless you have good cause as defined in WAC 388-444-0050. If you do not follow these rules, you will become an ineligible assistance unit member as described under WAC 388-408-0035. The remaining members of the assistance unit continue to be eligible for basic food.
(2) If you do not meet work requirements and we find that you did not have good cause, you cannot receive basic food for the following periods of time and until you meet program requirements:
(a) For the first failure, one month;
(b) For the second failure, three months; and
(c) For the third or subsequent failure, six months.
(3) If you become exempt under WAC 388-444-0010 and are otherwise eligible, you may begin to receive basic food.
(4) If you do not comply with the work requirements of the following programs, you cannot receive basic food unless you meet one of the conditions described under WAC 388-444-0010 except subsections (4) or (5):
(a) WorkFirst;
(b) Unemployment compensation;
(c) The refugee cash assistance program.
(5) Within ten days after learning of your refusal to participate in your program, the financial worker will send you a notice that your basic food benefits will end unless you comply with your program requirements.
(6) If you do not comply within ten days, you will be issued a notice disqualifying you from receiving basic food until you comply with your program, or until you meet the work registration disqualification requirements in subsection (2) of this section.
(7) After the penalty period in subsection (2) of this section is over, and you meet work requirements and you are otherwise eligible, you may receive basic food:
(a) If you are alone in the assistance unit and apply to reestablish eligibility; or
(b) If you are a member of an assistance unit, you may resume receiving basic food.
(8) During the penalty period, if you begin to participate in one of the programs listed in subsection (4)(a) through (c) and that penalty is removed, the work registration disqualification also ends. If you are otherwise eligible, you may begin to receive basic food.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, and 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 13-21-126, § 388-444-0055, filed 10/22/13, effective 11/22/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 U.S.C. 2015 (d)(1); 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 10-18-048, § 388-444-0055, filed 8/26/10, effective 10/1/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057. WSR 04-05-010, § 388-444-0055, filed 2/6/04, effective 3/8/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050 and 74.04.510. WSR 00-04-006, § 388-444-0055, filed 1/20/00, effective 3/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0055, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0060

What is unsuitable employment for basic food work requirements.

If we register you for work, you must accept a bona fide offer of suitable employment in order to be eligible for basic food. We consider employment unsuitable when:
(1) The wage offered is less than the federal or state minimum wage, whichever is highest;
(2) The job offered is on a piece-rate basis and the average hourly yield expected is less than the federal or state minimum wage, whichever is highest;
(3) The employee, as a condition of employment, must join, resign from, or is barred from joining any legitimate labor union;
(4) The work offered is at a site subject to strike or lockout at the time of offer unless:
(a) The strike is enjoined under the Taft-Hartley Act; or
(b) An injunction is issued under section 10 of the Railway Labor Act.
(5) The employment has an unreasonable degree of risk to health and safety;
(6) You are physically or mentally unable to perform the job as documented by medical evidence or reliable information from other sources;
(7) The employment offered within the first thirty days of basic food work registration is not in your major field of experience;
(8) The distance from your home to the job is unreasonable considering the wage, time and cost of commute:
(a) The job is not suitable when daily commuting time exceeds two hours per day, not including transporting a child to and from child care; and
(b) The job is not suitable when the distance to the job prohibits walking and public or private transportation is not available.
(9) The working hours or nature of the job interferes with your religious observances, convictions, or beliefs.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 U.S.C. 2015 (d)(1); 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 10-18-048, § 388-444-0060, filed 8/26/10, effective 10/1/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0060, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0065

Am I eligible for basic food if I quit my job or reduce my work effort?

(1) You are not eligible for basic food if you voluntarily quit your current job without good cause as defined in WAC 388-444-0070, and:
(a) You were working or self-employed for thirty hours or more per week or you had weekly earnings at least equal to the federal minimum wage multiplied by thirty hours;
(b) The day you quit or the last day you worked was within thirty days before you applied for basic food or any time after application; and
(c) At the time you quit or the last day you worked, you would have been required to register for work as defined in WAC 388-444-0005.
(2) You are not eligible for basic food if you voluntarily reduce your work effort without good cause as defined in WAC 388-444-0070, and:
(a) You were working or self-employed for thirty hours or more per week or you had weekly earnings at least equal to the federal minimum wage multiplied by thirty hours;
(b) You reduced your work effort within thirty days before you applied for basic food or any time after application;
(c) After the reduction, you are working less than thirty hours per week or your weekly earnings are not at least equal to the federal minimum wage multiplied by thirty hours; and
(d) At the time of the reduction you would have been required to register for work as defined in WAC 388-444-0005.
(3) You are not eligible to receive basic food if you have participated in a strike against a federal, state, or local government and have lost your employment because of such participation within thirty days of application.
(4) The following are not considered voluntary quits:
(a) Ending a self-employment enterprise; or
(b) Resigning at the request of the employer.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, 74.04.500, and 74.08A.120. WSR 18-02-037, § 388-444-0065, filed 12/22/17, effective 1/22/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, and 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 13-21-126, § 388-444-0065, filed 10/22/13, effective 11/22/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 C.F.R. §§ 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 10-23-112, § 388-444-0065, filed 11/17/10, effective 12/18/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050 and 74.04.510. WSR 00-04-006, § 388-444-0065, filed 1/20/00, effective 3/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0065, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0070

What is good cause for quitting my job or reducing my work effort?

Unless otherwise specified the following rules apply to all persons receiving basic food.
(1) You must have a good reason (good cause) for quitting a job or reducing your work effort, as defined in WAC 388-444-0065, or you will be disqualified from receiving basic food under WAC 388-444-0075. Good cause includes the following:
(a) Your employment is unsuitable as under WAC 388-444-0060;
(b) You were discriminated against by an employer based on age, race, sex, color, religious belief, national origin, political belief, marital status, or the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability or other reasons in RCW 49.60.180;
(c) Work demands or conditions make continued employment unreasonable, such as working without being paid on schedule;
(d) You accepted other employment or are enrolled at least half time in any recognized school, training program, or institution of higher education;
(e) You must leave a job because another assistance unit member accepted a job or is enrolled at least half time in any recognized school, training program, or institution of higher education in another county or similar political subdivision and your assistance unit must move;
(f) You are under age sixty and retire as recognized by your employer;
(g) You accept a bona fide offer of employment of thirty hours or more a week or where the weekly earnings are equivalent to the federal minimum wage multiplied by thirty hours. However, because of circumstances beyond your control, the job either does not materialize or results in employment of less than thirty hours a week or weekly earnings of less than the federal minimum wage multiplied by thirty hours;
(h) You leave a job in connection with patterns of employment where workers frequently move from one employer to another, such as migrant farm labor or construction work; and
(i) Circumstances included under WAC 388-444-0050;
(2) You are eligible for basic food after quitting a job or reducing you work effort if the circumstances of the job involve:
(a) Changes in job status resulting from involuntary reduction of employment hours while working for the same employer;
(b) Termination of a self-employment enterprise; or
(c) Resignation from a job at the demand of an employer.
(3) You must provide proof that you had good cause for quitting a job or reducing your work effort. However, we do not deny your application for basic food if you are unable to get this proof even with our help.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, and 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 13-21-126, § 388-444-0070, filed 10/22/13, effective 11/22/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 C.F.R. §§ 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 10-23-112, § 388-444-0070, filed 11/17/10, effective 12/18/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0070, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]



PDF388-444-0075

What are the penalties if you quit a job or reduce your work effort without good cause?

(1) If you have applied for basic food and have voluntarily quit a job or reduced your work effort as defined under WAC 388-444-0065 without good cause within thirty days before applying for basic food, we will deny your application and impose a penalty period as described under subsection (3) of this section from the date of your application.
(2) If you already receive basic food and quit your job or reduce your work effort without good cause, we will send you a letter notifying you that you will be disqualified from basic food. The disqualification in subsection (3) of this section begins the first of the month following our notice of adverse action.
(3) You are disqualified for the following minimum periods of time and until the conditions in subsection (4) of this section are met:
(a) For the first quit or reduction of work effort, one benefit month;
(b) For the second quit or reduction of work effort, three benefit months; and
(c) For the third or subsequent quit or reduction of work effort, six benefit months.
(4) You may reestablish eligibility after serving the disqualification period if you comply with the work requirements under WAC 388-444-0005 and are otherwise eligible.
(5) If you become exempt from work registration under WAC 388-444-0010, we will end your disqualification for a job quit or reduction of work effort.
(6) If you are exempt or requalify due to participation in unemployment compensation (UC) or temporary assistance for needy families (TANF), you must meet the work requirements in these programs to remain eligible for basic food.
(7) If you are disqualified, and move from the assistance unit, and join another assistance unit, we will continue to treat you as an ineligible member of the new assistance unit for the remainder of the disqualification period.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.08.090, 74.04.510, 7 C.F.R. 273.7, SNAP, and TANF. WSR 16-22-004, § 388-444-0075, filed 10/19/16, effective 11/19/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.510, 74.08.090, and 7 C.F.R. § 273.7. WSR 13-24-056 and 13-21-126, § 388-444-0075, filed 11/26/13 and 10/22/13, effective 12/27/13 and 11/22/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057, 74.04.500, 74.04.515, 74.08.090, 74.08A.120, 74.08A.903, and 7 C.F.R. §§ 273.7 and 273.24. WSR 10-23-112, § 388-444-0075, filed 11/17/10, effective 12/18/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050 and 74.04.510. WSR 01-05-006, § 388-444-0075, filed 2/7/01, effective 3/1/01; WSR 00-04-006, § 388-444-0075, filed 1/20/00, effective 3/1/00. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.510. WSR 99-07-024, § 388-444-0075, filed 3/10/99, effective 4/10/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.055, 74.04.057 and 74.08.090. WSR 98-16-044, § 388-444-0075, filed 7/31/98, effective 9/1/98.]