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Chapter 246-337 WAC

Last Update: 12/24/18

RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT FACILITY

WAC Sections

HTMLPDF246-337-001Scope and purpose.
HTMLPDF246-337-005Definitions.
HTMLPDF246-337-010Licensing.
HTMLPDF246-337-015Service types.
HTMLPDF246-337-021On-site surveys, complaint investigations, and enforcement.
HTMLPDF246-337-025Exemptions or alternative means and methods of compliance.
HTMLPDF246-337-030Retroactivity.
HTMLPDF246-337-040Construction review services requirements.
HTMLPDF246-337-045Governance and administration.
HTMLPDF246-337-048Quality improvement program.
HTMLPDF246-337-050Management of human resources.
HTMLPDF246-337-055Personnel criminal history, disclosure, and background inquiries.
HTMLPDF246-337-060Infection control.
HTMLPDF246-337-065Safety and security.
HTMLPDF246-337-070Emergency disaster plan.
HTMLPDF246-337-075Resident rights.
HTMLPDF246-337-080Resident care services.
HTMLPDF246-337-081Residential services—Pediatric transitional care.
HTMLPDF246-337-082Pediatric transitional care services—Parent-infant visitation.
HTMLPDF246-337-085Accepting a child with a parent in treatment.
HTMLPDF246-337-095Resident health care records.
HTMLPDF246-337-100Resident's individual service plan.
HTMLPDF246-337-103Individual service plan—Pediatric transitional care services.
HTMLPDF246-337-105Medication management.
HTMLPDF246-337-110Use of restraint and seclusion.
HTMLPDF246-337-111Food and nutrition services.
HTMLPDF246-337-112Laundry services.
HTMLPDF246-337-113Resident sleeping room accommodations.
HTMLPDF246-337-116Animal management and safety.
HTMLPDF246-337-120Facility and environment requirements.
HTMLPDF246-337-124Common room requirements.
HTMLPDF246-337-126Resident care room requirements.
HTMLPDF246-337-127Restraint or seclusion room requirements.
HTMLPDF246-337-128Laundry and housekeeping room requirements.
HTMLPDF246-337-129Resident sleeping room requirements.
HTMLPDF246-337-130Water supply, sewage and waste disposal.
HTMLPDF246-337-135Heating, ventilation and air conditioning.
HTMLPDF246-337-140Lighting, emergency lighting, and electrical outlets.
HTMLPDF246-337-146Cleaning, maintenance and refuse disposal.
HTMLPDF246-337-990Licensing fees.
DISPOSITION OF SECTIONS FORMERLY CODIFIED IN THIS TITLE
246-337-020Responsibilities and rights of the licensee and department. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-020, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.] Repealed by WSR 18-06-092, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670.
246-337-035Procedures to deny, suspend, modify or revoke a license. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-035, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.] Repealed by WSR 18-06-092, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670.
246-337-090Food and nutrition services. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-090, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.] Repealed by WSR 18-06-092, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670.
246-337-115Cleaning, maintenance and refuse disposal. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-115, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.] Repealed by WSR 18-06-092, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670.
246-337-125Toilet rooms and bathrooms. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-125, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.] Repealed by WSR 18-06-092, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670.
246-337-145Laundry. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-145, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.] Repealed by WSR 18-06-092, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670.
246-337-150Resident rooms, furnishings and storage. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-150, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.] Repealed by WSR 18-06-092, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670.
246-337-155Pet management and safety. [Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-155, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.] Repealed by WSR 18-06-092, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670.


PDF246-337-001

Scope and purpose.

(1) This chapter implements chapter 71.12 RCW and sets the minimum health and safety standards for licensure and operations of twenty-four hour private, county or municipal residential treatment facilities (RTF) providing health care services to persons with mental disorders or substance use disorders.
(2) These rules are intended to supplement other applicable federal, state and local laws, rules and ordinances. If any provision of this chapter is more restrictive than local codes and ordinances this chapter shall prevail over any less restrictive provision.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-001, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-001, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-005

Definitions.

The definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
(1) "Administrator" means an individual person responsible for managing the day-to-day operations of the residential treatment facility.
(2) "Adult" means an individual eighteen years of age or older.
(3) "Authorized" means mandated or permitted, in writing, by the administrator to perform an act that is within a health care provider's lawful scope of practice, or that was lawfully delegated to the health care provider or to the unlicensed staff member.
(4) "Bathroom" means a room containing at least one bathtub or shower.
(5) "Child" or "minor" means an individual under the age of eighteen. A child or minor may include an infant as defined in subsection (17) of this section.
(6) "Communicable disease" means a disease caused by an infectious agent that can be transmitted from one person, animal, or object to another individual by direct or indirect means including transmission via an intermediate host or vector, food, water or air.
(7) "Confidential" means information that may not be disclosed except under specific conditions permitted or mandated by law or legal agreement between the parties concerned.
(8) "Construction" means:
(a) The erection of a facility;
(b) An addition, modification, alteration or change of an approved use to an existing facility; or
(c) The conversion of an existing facility or portion of a facility for use as an RTF.
(9) "Co-occurring services" means services certified by the department that combine mental health services and substance use disorder services under a single RTF license.
(10) "Department" means the Washington state department of health.
(11) "Facility" means a building, portion of a building, or multiple buildings under a single RTF license.
(12) "Health assessment" means a systematic physical examination of the person's body conducted by an allopathic physician, osteopathic physician, naturopathic physician, allopathic physician's assistant, osteopathic physician's assistant, advanced registered nurse practitioner, registered nurse, or licensed practical nurse who is licensed under Title 18 RCW and operating within their scope of practice.
(13) "Health care" means any care, service, or procedure provided by a health care provider to diagnose, treat, or maintain a resident's physical or mental condition, or that affects the structure or function of the human body.
(14) "Health care prescriber" or "prescriber" means an allopathic physician, osteopathic physician, naturopathic physician, allopathic physician's assistant, osteopathic physician's assistant, or advanced registered nurse practitioner licensed under Title 18 RCW operating within their scope of practice who by law can prescribe drugs in Washington state.
(15) "Health care provider" means an individual who is licensed, registered or certified under Title 18 RCW to provide health care within a particular profession's statutorily authorized scope of practice.
(16) "Health care screen" means a systematic interview or use of a questionnaire approved by a health care prescriber to determine the health history and care needs of a resident.
(17) "Infant" means a resident less than twelve months of age at the time of admission for pediatric transitional care services.
(18) "Licensee" means the person, corporation, association, organization, county, municipality, public hospital district, or other legal entity, including any lawful successors to whom the department issues an RTF license.
(19) "Medication" means a legend drug prescribed for a resident by an authorized health care prescriber. Medication also means nonprescription drugs, also called "over-the-counter medications," that can be purchased by the general public without a prescription.
(20) "Medication administration" means the direct application of a medication or device by ingestion, inhalation, injection, or any other means, whether self-administered by a resident, or administered by a parent or guardian for a minor, or an authorized health care provider.
(21) "Medication administration error" means a resident failing to receive the correct medication, medication at the correct time, the correct dose, or medication by the correct route.
(22) "Mental health services" means services certified by the department under chapter 246-341 WAC to evaluate, stabilize, or treat one or more residents for a mental disorder.
(23) "Parent or guardian" means:
(a) A biological or adoptive parent who has legal custody of the child, including either parent if custody is shared under joint custody agreement; or
(b) An individual or agency judicially appointed as legal guardian or custodian of the child.
(24) "Pediatric transitional care services" or "PTCS" means short-term, temporary, health and comfort services for drug exposed infants according to the requirements of this chapter.
(25) "Pediatric transitional care services unit" means the distinct spaces within a facility used exclusively for the provision of pediatric transitional care services.
(26) "Resident" means an individual admitted to an RTF licensed under this chapter.
(27) "Residential treatment facility" or "RTF" means a facility in which twenty-four hour on-site care is provided for the evaluation, stabilization, or treatment of residents for substance use, mental health, co-occurring disorders, or for drug exposed infants.
(28) "Restraint" means any manual method, physical or mechanical device, material, or equipment that immobilizes or reduces the ability of a resident to move his or her arms, legs, body or head freely; or a drug or medication when used as a restriction to manage the resident's behavior or restrict the resident's freedom of movement and is not a standard treatment or dosage for the resident's condition. Restraint does not include momentary periods of minimal physical restriction by direct person-to-person contact, without the aid of mechanical or chemical restraint, accomplished with limited force and designed to:
(a) Prevent a resident from completing an act that would result in potential bodily harm to the resident or others or to damage property;
(b) Remove a disruptive resident who is unwilling to leave the area voluntarily; or
(c) Guide a resident from one location to another.
(29) "Seclusion" means the involuntary confinement of a resident alone in a room or area from which the resident is physically prevented from leaving.
(30) "Staff" means medical and administrative employees, independent contractors, trained caregivers, students, volunteers, and trainees performing duties at an RTF.
(31) "Substance use disorder services" means services certified by the department under chapter 246-341 WAC to evaluate, stabilize, or treat one or more residents for alcoholism, drug addiction, or dependence on alcohol and one or more other psychoactive chemicals, as the context requires.
(32) "Survey" means an inspection or investigation conducted by the department to evaluate and monitor a licensee's compliance with chapter 71.12 RCW and this chapter.
(33) "Toilet room" means a room containing a water closet (toilet).
(34) "Trained caregiver" means a noncredentialed, unlicensed person who may not provide medical care to infants, working under the supervision of a registered nurse as defined in RCW 18.79.020(6).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-005, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-005, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-005, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-010

Licensing.

An applicant may not open or operate an RTF until all requirements for licensure set forth in this section are met and the department has issued an initial, renewed, or amended RTF license listing the service type(s) approved to be provided in the RTF.
(1) Initial licensure. An applicant for an initial RTF license must submit to the department:
(a) A completed application on form(s) provided by the department, signed by the owner or legal designee;
(b) Disclosure statements and criminal history background checks obtained within the previous three months of the application date for the administrator in accordance with WAC 246-337-055;
(c) The license fee specified in WAC 246-337-990;
(d) Policies and procedures in compliance with chapter 71.12 RCW and this chapter for review and approval by the department;
(e) A completed construction review application and fee, and functional program plan according to WAC 246-337-040;
(f) Written approval of the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, as required by RCW 71.12.485 and chapter 212-12 WAC; and
(g) Other information as required by the department.
(2) An RTF license is effective for one year from the date it is issued.
(3) License renewal. At least thirty calendar days before the expiration date of the current license, the licensee must submit to the department:
(a) A completed application on form(s) provided by the department;
(b) Disclosure statements and criminal history background checks obtained within the previous three months of the application date for the administrator in accordance with WAC 246-337-055;
(c) The renewal fee specified in WAC 246-337-990;
(d) Written approval from the chief of the Washington state patrol, through the director of fire protection, as required by RCW 71.12.485 and chapter 212-12 WAC; and
(e) Other information as required by the department.
(4) License amendment. Prior to changing any of the service type(s) provided in the facility, number of resident beds, location or use of rooms, the physical structure of the facility, a change in the administrator, or a change in address, the licensee must submit to the department:
(a) Notification in writing of the intended change;
(b) A completed application on form(s) provided by the department;
(c) The administrative fee and other applicable fee(s) specified in WAC 246-337-990;
(d) A request to the department to determine the need for review by the department's construction review services and Washington state fire marshal;
(e) If changing service type, policies and procedures in compliance with chapter 71.12 RCW and this chapter for review and approval by the department; and
(f) If changing administrators, disclosure statements and criminal history background checks obtained within the previous three months of the application date for the administrator in accordance with WAC 246-337-055.
(5) Change of ownership. Prior to selling, leasing, renting or otherwise transferring control of an RTF that results in a change of the state Uniform Business Identifier Number, the licensee must submit to the department:
(a) The full name and address of the current licensee and prospective licensee;
(b) The name and address of the licensed RTF and the name under which the RTF will operate;
(c) Date of the proposed change;
(d) Plans for preserving resident records, consistent with WAC 246-337-095; and
(e) Other information as required by the department.
(6) A prospective new RTF owner shall apply for licensure by complying with subsection (1) of this section.
(7) An RTF license is not transferable.
(8) The licensee shall:
(a) Maintain and post a current RTF license in a conspicuous place on the premises;
(b) Provide services limited to each department approved service type; and
(c) Maintain the occupancy level not exceeding the licensed resident bed capacity of the RTF.
(9) Prior to issuing, renewing, or amending a license, the department shall:
(a) Review and approve the licensing application;
(b) Review and approve RTF policies and procedures according to this chapter, as applicable;
(c) Verify compliance with RTF construction standards according to this chapter, as applicable;
(d) Obtain written verification of compliance with RCW 71.12.485 and chapter 212-12 WAC administered by the Washington state patrol fire marshal fire protection service, as applicable; and
(e) Determine whether the applicant or licensee meets the requirements in chapter 71.12 RCW and this chapter.
(10) The department may issue a single RTF license to include two or more buildings on the same campus if the applicant or licensee:
(a) Meets the licensure requirements of chapter 71.12 RCW and this chapter; and
(b) Operates the multiple buildings as a single integrated system with governance by a single authority or body over all staff and buildings.
(11) For the purposes of this section, "campus" means an area where all of the RTF's buildings are located on contiguous properties undivided by:
(a) Public streets, not including alleyways used primarily for delivery services or parking; or
(b) Other land that is not owned and maintained by the owners of the property on which the facility is located.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-010, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-010, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-015

Service types.

A licensee must provide one or more of the following types of services in the RTF:
(1) Mental health services;
(2) Substance use disorder services;
(3) Co-occurring services; or
(4) Pediatric transitional care services.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-015, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-015, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-015, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-021

On-site surveys, complaint investigations, and enforcement.

(1) To determine compliance with chapter 71.12 RCW and this chapter, the department may:
(a) Conduct unannounced on-site surveys after initial licensure; and
(b) Investigate complaints alleging noncompliance with chapter 71.12 RCW and this chapter.
(2) The licensee shall assist the department during on-site surveys and investigations in a cooperative manner.
(3) Notice of correction.
(a) When the department identifies deficiencies it does not determine to be major, broadly systemic, or of a recurring nature, the department will issue the administrator a notice of correction according to RCW 43.05.100.
(b) The "notice of correction" will include:
(i) A description of the condition that is not in compliance and the text of the specific section or subsection of the applicable law or rule;
(ii) A brief statement of what is required to achieve compliance;
(iii) The date by which the department requires compliance to be achieved;
(iv) Notice of the means to contact any technical assistance services provided by the department or other sources of technical assistance; and
(v) Notice of when, where, and to whom a request to extend the time to achieve compliance for good cause may be filed with the department.
(4) Plan of correction.
(a) At the same time the department issues a notice of correction as identified in subsection (3) of this section, the department will provide instructions on how the administrator will complete and submit a plan of correction.
(b) The "plan of correction" must be approved by the department and include:
(i) A statement that the administrator:
(A) Has or will correct each cited deficiency; and
(B) Will maintain correction of each cited deficiency.
(ii) A place for the administrator to describe the specific action(s) that must be taken to correct each cited deficiency;
(iii) A place for the administrator to indicate the individual responsible for assuring correction of each deficiency; and
(iv) A place for the administrator to indicate the time frame in which to complete the corrections.
(c) Time frames to correct each cited deficiency in the notice of correction must be approved by the department.
(d) Implementation of the corrective action must be completed within the approved time frame and is subject to verification by the department.
(e) The administrator or the administrator's designee shall:
(i) Complete, sign, date, and submit a written plan of correction to the department within ten business days of receiving a notice of correction; and
(ii) Submit to the department updated plans of correction as needed.
(5) Directed plan of correction.
(a) When the department identifies deficiencies it determines to be broadly systemic, recurring, or of a significant threat to public health and safety, it will issue a directed plan of correction.
(b) The directed plan of correction will include:
(i) Direction from the department on the specific corrective action(s) required for the licensee to correct each cited deficiency; and
(ii) The time frames in which the department requires the licensee to complete each cited deficiency.
(c) The department may reduce the time frames in the directed plan of correction to the minimum necessary. Implementation of the directed corrective action(s) must be completed within the approved time frame and is subject to verification by the department.
(6) The department may deny, suspend, modify, or revoke an RTF license under chapters 71.12, 43.70, 34.05 RCW, and 246-10 WAC, if the applicant or licensees have:
(a) Failed to correct any deficiencies within the required time frames as described in subsections (3) through (5) of this section;
(b) Failed to comply with any other provision of chapter 71.12 RCW or this chapter;
(c) Failed to meet certification standards under chapters 71.05, 71.24, and 71.34 RCW;
(d) Been denied a license to operate a health care, child care, group care or personal care facility in this state or elsewhere, had the license suspended or revoked, or been found civilly liable or criminally convicted of operating the facility without a license;
(e) Committed, aided or abetted an illegal act in connection with the operation of any RTF or the provision of health care or residential services;
(f) Abandoned, abused, neglected, assaulted, or demonstrated indifference to the welfare and well-being of a resident;
(g) Failed to take immediate corrective action in any instance of assault, abuse, neglect, or indifference to the welfare of a resident; or
(h) Retaliated against a staff member, resident, or other individual for reporting suspected abuse or other alleged improprieties.
(7) The department may summarily suspend a license pending a proceeding for revocation or other action if the department determines a deficiency is an imminent threat to a resident's health, safety, or welfare.
(8) A licensee may contest a department decision or action according to the provision of RCW 43.70.115, chapter 34.05 RCW, and chapter 246-10 WAC.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-021, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-021, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-025

Exemptions or alternative means and methods of compliance.

(1) An applicant or licensee may request an exemption or alternative means or methods of compliance from any part of this chapter by submitting a written request to the department that includes:
(a) The specific section, or sections, of rules for which the exemption or alternative means or methods of compliance is requested;
(b) An explanation of the circumstances involved;
(c) A proposed alternative that would ensure the safety and health of residents meeting the intent of the rule; and
(d) Any supporting research or other documentation.
(2) After review and consideration, the department may grant the request if the exemption or alternative means or methods of compliance does not:
(a) Negate the purpose and intent of these rules;
(b) Place the safety or health of the residents in the RTF in jeopardy;
(c) Reduce any fire and life safety or infection control laws or rules; or
(d) Adversely affect the structural integrity of a facility.
(3) The department will send a copy of the exemption or alternative means or methods of compliance decision to the licensee, and shall maintain the exemption or alternative means or methods of compliance as part of the current RTF file. The licensee shall maintain the documented exemption or alternative means or methods of compliance decision on file in the RTF.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-025, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-025, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-030

Retroactivity.

(1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3) of this section, any construction on or after August 20, 2005, must comply with this chapter.
(2) RTFs that are licensed and operating on August 20, 2005, may continue to operate without modifications to the facility, unless specifically required under this chapter, or as deemed necessary by either the local building official, the department, other licensing regulators, the state fire marshal, for the general safety and welfare of the occupants and public.
(3) Facilities providing pediatric transitional care services in a licensed capacity before January 1, 2019, are not subject to construction review by the department for an initial department of health license according to this chapter.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-030, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-030, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-040

Construction review services requirements.

(1) Prior to beginning any construction or remodeling, the applicant or licensee must submit an application and fee specified in chapter 246-314 WAC, if applicable, to the department and receive written authorization by the department to proceed.
(2) The requirements of chapter 246-337 WAC in effect at the time the application and fee are submitted to the department, and the project number as assigned by the department, apply for the duration of the construction project.
(3) All facilities seeking to be licensed and existing licensed facilities seeking to renovate, alter, add, or relocate shall comply with the state building code as adopted by the state building code council under the authority of chapter 19.27 RCW.
(4) In addition to subsection (3) of this section, facilities, or any portion of the facility, licensed in their capacity to provide mental health, substance use disorder, or co-occurring services must follow physical environmental requirements in this chapter for new construction.
(5) In addition to subsection (3) of this section, facilities, or any portion of the facility, licensed in their capacity to provide pediatric transitional care services shall comply with the following physical environmental standards:
(a) The 2014 edition of the Guidelines for Design and Construction of Hospitals and Outpatient Facilities as developed by the Facilities Guidelines Institute and published by the American Society for Healthcare Engineering of the American Hospital Association, 155 North Wacker Drive, Chicago, IL 60606 for new construction; and
(b) The following specific construction standards:
(i) All doors accessing the pediatric transitional care services unit are locked doors in accordance with the Washington state adopted building code;
(ii) All resident sleeping rooms have windows in the hallway wall or door to promote high visibility;
(iii) Security cameras, video only, installed at all entry points into the PTCS unit, in hallways outside all resident sleeping rooms, and in all designated parent visitation areas;
(iv) Telephones installed in all resident sleeping rooms;
(v) A communication system, wired or wireless, that provides staff the means to summon on-duty staff assistance from key areas such as resident sleeping rooms, common rooms, corridors, nurse station, and administrative offices; and
(vi) Emergency power. The licensee must have an emergency generator that:
(A) Meets the definition in the NFPA 99, Health care facilities, as adopted by the state building code council; and
(B) Provides a minimum of seventy-two hours of effective facility operation.
(6) Preconstruction. The applicant or licensee must request and attend a presubmission conference with the department for projects with a construction value of two hundred fifty thousand dollars or more. The presubmission conference shall be scheduled to occur at the end of the design development phase or the beginning of the construction documentation phase of the project.
(7) Construction document review. The applicant or licensee must submit accurate and complete construction documents for proposed new construction to the department for review within ten days of submission to the local authorities. The construction documents must include:
(a) A written functional program, in accordance with RCW 71.12.470, outlining the types of services provided, types of residents to be served, and how the needs of the residents will be met including a narrative description of:
(i) Program goals;
(ii) Staffing and health care to be provided consistent with WAC 246-337-080 or 246-337-081, as applicable;
(iii) Infection control consistent with WAC 246-337-060;
(iv) Safety and security consistent with WAC 246-337-065;
(v) Restraint and seclusion consistent with WAC 246-337-110;
(vi) Laundry consistent with WAC 246-337-112;
(vii) Food and nutrition consistent with WAC 246-337-111;
(viii) Medication consistent with WAC 246-337-105; and
(ix) Housekeeping.
(b) Drawings prepared, stamped, and signed by an architect or engineer licensed by the state of Washington under chapter 18.08 RCW. The services of a consulting engineer licensed by the state of Washington may be used for the various branches of the work, if appropriate;
(c) Drawings with coordinated architectural, mechanical, and electrical work drawn to scale showing complete details for construction, including:
(i) Site plan(s) showing streets, driveways, parking, vehicle and pedestrian circulation, and location of existing and new buildings;
(ii) Dimensioned floor plan(s) with the function of each room and fixed/required equipment designated;
(iii) Elevations, sections, and construction details;
(iv) Schedules of floor, wall, and ceiling finishes;
(v) Schedules of doors and windows - Sizes and type, and door finish hardware;
(vi) Mechanical systems - Plumbing and heating/venting/air conditioning; and
(vii) Electrical systems, including lighting, power, and communication/notification systems.
(d) Specifications that describe with specificity the workmanship and finishes;
(e) Shop drawings and related equipment specifications for:
(i) An automatic fire sprinkler system; and
(ii) An automatic fire alarm system.
(f) An interim life safety measures plan to ensure the health and safety of occupants during construction and renovation; and
(g) An infection control risk assessment indicating appropriate infection control measures, keeping the surrounding area free of dust and fumes, and ensuring rooms or areas are well ventilated, unoccupied, and unavailable for use until free of volatile fumes and odors.
(8) Resubmittals. The licensee shall respond in writing when the department requests additional or corrected construction documents.
(9) Construction. The licensee or applicant shall comply with the following requirements during the construction phase:
(a) Assure conformance to the approved plans during construction;
(b) Submit addenda, change orders, construction change directives or any other deviation from the approved plans to the department prior to their installation; and
(c) Allow any necessary inspections for the verification of compliance with the construction documents, addenda, and modifications.
(10) Project closeout. The licensee or applicant shall not use any new or remodeled areas until:
(a) The department has approved construction documents;
(b) The local jurisdictions have completed all required inspections and approvals, when applicable or given approval to occupy; and
(c) The licensee or applicant notifies the department when construction is completed and includes:
(i) A copy of the local jurisdiction's approval for occupancy;
(ii) The completion date;
(iii) The actual construction cost; and
(iv) Additional information as required by the department.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-040, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-040, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-040, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-045

Governance and administration.

The licensee must establish a governing body with responsibility for operating and maintaining the RTF. The governing body must provide organizational guidance and oversight to ensure that resources support and staff provides safe and adequate resident care including, but not limited to:
(1) Adopting, periodically reviewing, and updating as necessary, policies that:
(a) Govern the organization and functions of the RTF including:
(i) A brief narrative explaining the scope of services provided;
(ii) An organization chart specifying the governing body, staff positions, and number of full- or part-time persons for each position; and
(iii) A policy addressing the provision of sufficient resources such as personnel, facilities, equipment, and supplies to meet the needs of the population served;
(b) Provide a process for communication and conflict resolution for both staff and residents;
(c) Provide clear lines of authority for both management and operation of the RTF; and
(d) Implement the requirements of this chapter and ensure they are:
(i) Kept current;
(ii) Made known to staff and available at all times; and
(iii) Complied with by staff.
(2) Establishing a job description and procedures for selecting and periodically evaluating a qualified administrator to carry out the goals and policies of the governing body. The administrator must:
(a) Be qualified through appropriate knowledge, experience and capabilities to supervise and administer the services; and
(b) Be available at all times either in person, by telephone or similar electronic means, or designate an alternate who has similar qualifications and is available to carry out the goals, objectives and standards of the governing body.
(3) Establishing a personnel system whose:
(a) Personnel records of all employees and volunteers contain written job descriptions consistent with staff responsibilities and standards for professional licensing;
(b) Staff are assigned, oriented, trained, supervised, monitored, and evaluated;
(c) Staff who provide direct resident care, direct treatment, or manage the safety of a resident are competent by training, experience and capability;
(d) Contracts for contracted personnel are kept on file, kept current, and signed. Contracts must also clearly state the responsibilities for all contracted personnel; and
(e) Staff, contractors, consultants, students, volunteers, and trainees with unsupervised access to residents comply with WAC 246-337-055.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-045, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-045, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-048

Quality improvement program.

The licensee must establish policies and procedures to ensure ongoing maintenance of a coordinated quality improvement program to improve the quality of care provided to residents and to identify and prevent serious or unanticipated resident and facility outcomes. The licensee must:
(1) Establish a written performance improvement plan that is periodically evaluated.
(2) Collect, measure, and assess data on policies and procedures, and outcomes related to resident care and the environment including:
(a) Medication administration errors;
(b) Allegations of abuse;
(c) Death;
(d) Suicide;
(e) Injuries which result in serious or unanticipated outcomes;
(f) Restraint or seclusion use;
(g) Resident grievances;
(h) Security incidents; and
(i) Disruption of services through internal or external emergency or disaster event.
(3) Review serious or unanticipated resident or facility outcomes as specified in subsection (2) of this section, in a timely manner.
(4) Implement and document changes or improvements made to prevent future occurrences of any serious or unanticipated resident outcome specified in subsection (2) of this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-048, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-050

Management of human resources.

(1) The licensee must ensure residents receive care from qualified staff authorized and competent to carry out assigned responsibilities.
(2) A sufficient number of staff must be present on a twenty-four hour per day basis to:
(a) Meet the care needs of the residents served;
(b) Manage emergency situations;
(c) Provide crisis intervention;
(d) Implement individual service plans; and
(e) Carry out required monitoring activities.
(3) At least one staff trained in basic first aid and age appropriate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) must be on-site twenty-four hours per day. Additionally, all staff providing hands-on care to infants must have a current certification in infant CPR.
(4) Staff must be trained, authorized, and where applicable credentialed to perform assigned job responsibilities consistent with scopes of practice, resident population characteristics and the resident's individual service plan.
(5) The licensee must document that staff receive the following training as applicable:
(a) Initial orientation and ongoing training to address the safety and health care needs of the residents served for all staff;
(b) Bloodborne pathogen training inclusive of HIV/AIDS training for staff involved in direct resident care or potential for having contact with blood or body fluids;
(c) If restraint or seclusion is used in the facility, initial and annual training in the proper and safe use of restraint or seclusion for staff required to perform restraint or seclusion procedures inclusive of:
(i) Techniques to identify staff and resident behaviors, events, and environmental factors that may trigger circumstances that require the use of restraint or seclusion;
(ii) The use of nonphysical intervention skills;
(iii) Choosing the least restrictive intervention based on an individualized assessment of the resident's medical or behavioral status or condition;
(iv) The safe application and use of all types of restraint or seclusion used in the RTF, including training in how to recognize and respond to signs of physical and psychological distress;
(v) Clinical identification of specific behavioral changes that indicate that restraint or seclusion is no longer necessary; and
(vi) Monitoring the physical and psychological well-being of the resident who is restrained or secluded including, but not limited to, respiratory and circulatory status, skin integrity, and vital signs; and
(d) Current basic first aid and age appropriate cardiopulmonary resuscitation for staff required to provide first aid or CPR.
(6) In addition to the requirements in subsection (5) of this section, an RTF in its licensed capacity to provide pediatric transitional care services must document that staff providing direct care to infants have received the following training:
(a) For all staff providing direct care to infants:
(i) Infant safe sleep;
(ii) Period of infant crying which is at its peak, unexpected, resists soothing, done with a pain-like face, is long lasting, and during the evening (commonly referred to as P.U.R.P.L.E. crying);
(iii) Reading signs and signals;
(iv) Managing feeding difficulties;
(v) Managing stimulus;
(vi) Impact of drugs in utero on developmental milestones;
(vii) Recognizing symptoms in infants exposed to specific drugs;
(viii) Therapeutic management techniques;
(ix) Managing your stress; and
(x) Managing complex psychosocial family dynamics.
(b) In addition to (a) of this subsection, trained caregivers must also receive training on the care of infants:
(i) Linen changing;
(ii) Therapeutic handling;
(iii) Bathing;
(iv) Weighing and tracking weight;
(v) Proper charting;
(vi) Techniques for taking temperature;
(vii) Positioning;
(viii) Reading signs and signals;
(ix) Feeding techniques; and
(x) Infection control.
(7) The licensee shall have written documentation for each staff member including:
(a) Employment;
(b) Hire date;
(c) Verification of education and experience;
(d) Current signed job description;
(e) Criminal history disclosure statement and results of a background check, according to WAC 246-337-055, completed within the previous three months of hire date and annually thereafter;
(f) Current license, certification, or registration, if applicable;
(g) Current basic first aid and age appropriate CPR, if applicable;
(h) Current Washington state food and beverage service worker permit, if applicable;
(i) Current driver's license, if applicable;
(j) Initial and ongoing tuberculosis screening according to the facility risk assessment and tuberculosis written plan according to WAC 246-337-060;
(k) All vaccination documentation required by WAC 246-337-060; and
(l) Annual signed performance evaluation(s).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-050, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-050, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-050, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-055

Personnel criminal history, disclosure, and background inquiries.

The licensee shall screen all prospective staff with unsupervised access to residents for criminal history disclosure and background requirements using a Washington state patrol background check consistent with RCW 43.43.830 through 43.43.842. All background check reports and signed disclosure statements must be made available to the department upon request.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-055, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-055, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-055, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-060

Infection control.

The licensee must implement and maintain an infection control program that prevents the transmission of infections and communicable disease among residents, staff, and visitors by:
(1) Developing written policies and procedures for:
(a) Hand hygiene;
(b) Cleaning and disinfection;
(c) Standard precautions to prevent transmission of bloodborne pathogens in accordance with chapter 296-823 WAC;
(d) Resident hygiene;
(e) Preventing transmission of tuberculosis consistent with the department's Washington State Tuberculosis Services Manual, DOH 343-071 June 2012, and chapter 246-170 WAC;
(f) Management of staff with a communicable disease in an infectious stage;
(g) Environmental management; and
(h) Housekeeping functions.
(2) Complying with chapters 246-100 and 246-101 WAC.
(3) Providing all necessary supplies and equipment to implement the infection control program.
(4)(a) An RTF licensed to provide pediatric transitional care services must require all staff to provide proof of full vaccination against, or show proof of acquired immunity for, the following:
(i) Chickenpox (Varicella);
(ii) German measles (Rubella);
(iii) Measles (Rubeola);
(iv) Mumps;
(v) Whooping cough (pertussis); and
(vi) Influenza (flu).
Influenza vaccination is annual and must be received within the first month it becomes publicly available.
(b) The licensee may exempt a person working at their facility from one or more of the vaccinations required by this subsection if acceptable medical documentation of a medical contraindication, signed by a health care provider, is provided to the licensee.
(c) For the purposes of this subsection:
(i) Full vaccination means vaccinations given at the ages and intervals according to the national Center for Disease Control and Prevention immunization guidelines in "Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults Aged 19 Years or OlderUnited States, 2018"; as published in the "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2018; 67(5):158-160."
(ii) Acquired immunity means a medically documented positive titer.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-060, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-060, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-060, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-065

Safety and security.

The licensee must protect resident safety and security by developing written policies and procedures that are consistent with the requirements of this chapter and address:
(1) Management of disorderly residents, visitors, or staff.
(2) The safety of residents during transportation, including:
(a) Disorderly residents;
(b) Minimum qualifications for transport staff;
(c) Any additional equipment in transport vehicles to ensure safety such as car seats for infants and children, and first-aid kits; and
(d) Transportation that is safe, reliable, and in conformance with state and federal safety laws.
(3) Smoking, vaping, and tobacco use by residents, visitors, and staff.
(4) Security, including:
(a) Controlling all entrances and exits and accounting for access to and egress from the RTF; and
(b) Conducting resident searches.
(5) Reporting to the department and other appropriate agencies, by the end of the next business day of the incident occurring, serious or undesirable outcomes that occur in the facility including:
(a) Allegations of abuse;
(b) Death;
(c) Suicide;
(d) Injuries resulting in an inpatient hospital stay; and
(e) Disruption of services through internal or external emergency or disaster.
(6) Subsections (2)(a), (4)(b), and (5)(c) of this section do not apply to an RTF in its licensed capacity to provide pediatric transitional care services.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-065, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-065, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-065, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-070

Emergency disaster plan.

The licensee must establish and implement an emergency disaster plan designed to respond to internal and external emergency situations.
(1) The emergency disaster plan must:
(a) Be specific to each building that comprises the facility;
(b) Be communicated to the residents and staff;
(c) Be coordinated with local emergency plans;
(d) Address actions the licensee will take if residents cannot return to the facility;
(e) Be posted or readily available to all staff and residents; and
(f) Include emergency phone numbers.
(2) The emergency disaster plan must identify:
(a) The person responsible for each aspect of the plan;
(b) A system to account for all residents and staff during and after the emergency;
(c) Evacuation procedures and the meeting location after evacuation;
(d) Care of residents with special needs during and after an emergency;
(e) Provisions of emergency medications, food, water, clothing, shelter, heat and power for critical functions for three days;
(f) How family members will be contacted; and
(g) Arrangements for transportation.
(3) Evacuation routes must be clearly posted in plain sight of residents and staff.
(4) The emergency disaster plan must include an evaluation process that includes:
(a) At least annually, conducting and documenting emergency drills for residents and staff;
(b) A debriefing and evaluation of the plan after each emergency incident or drill; and
(c) At least annually, documenting, reviewing and, as needed, revising the emergency disaster plan.
(5) Emergency supplies and first-aid equipment must be:
(a) In a designated location(s);
(b) Readily available to staff including during the transportation of residents;
(c) Available to meet residents' needs; and
(d) Within applicable expiration dates.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-070, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-070, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-075

Resident rights.

The licensee must establish a process to ensure resident rights are protected in compliance with chapter 71.12 RCW, this chapter, and other applicable laws, and are based on the service types provided in the RTF. This process must address how the RTF will:
(1) In an understandable manner, inform each resident or their personal representative, designee or parent or guardian, of the following:
(a) All rights, treatment methods, and rules applicable to the proposed health care of the resident;
(b) The estimated cost of treatment;
(c) The name, address and telephone number of the department;
(d) How to file a complaint with the department without interference, discrimination, reprisal or facility knowledge; and
(e) Use of applicable emergency interventions such as:
(i) Behavior management;
(ii) Restraint or seclusion, if used in the RTF;
(iii) Special treatment intervention such as room or personal searches;
(iv) Restrictions of rights; and
(v) Confidentiality parameters based on terms of admission or confinement.
(2) Treat each resident in a manner that respects individual identity, human dignity and fosters constructive self-esteem. Each resident has the right to:
(a) Be free of abuse, including being deprived of food, clothes, or other basic necessities;
(b) Be free of restraint or seclusion, except as provided in WAC 246-337-110;
(c) Participate or abstain from participation in social and religious activities;
(d) Participate in planning their own health care and treatment;
(e) Review or have their personal representative, designee, or parent or guardian review the resident's files in accordance with chapter 70.02 RCW;
(f) Refuse to perform services for the benefit of the RTF unless agreed to by the resident, documented in the individual service plan and in accordance with applicable law;
(g) Have a safe and clean environment; and
(h) Be free from invasion of privacy; provided that reasonable means may be used to detect or prevent items that may be harmful or injurious to the resident or others, from being possessed or used on the premises.
(3) On or before admission, document that each resident, or the resident's personal representative, designee, parent or guardian receives a written copy of the resident's rights that includes all items in subsection (2) of this section.
(4) Protect the confidentiality of:
(a) Treatment and personal information when communicating with individuals not associated or listed in the resident's individual service plan or confidentiality disclosure form;
(b) Residents when visitors or other nonresidents are in the RTF; and
(c) Residents receiving substance use disorder service in accordance with 42 C.F.R., Part II.
(5) Comply with reporting requirements of suspected incidents of child or adult abuse and neglect in accordance with chapters 26.44 and 74.34 RCW.
(6) Account for each resident's assets, including allowance, earnings from federal or state sources and expenditures.
(7) Assist each resident, upon request, in sending written communications of the fact of the resident's commitment in the RTF to friends, relatives, or other persons.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-075, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-075, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-080

Resident care services.

Nothing in this section applies to an RTF in its licensed capacity to provide pediatric transitional care services according to this chapter.
(1) The licensee must establish and implement policies and procedures that:
(a) Describe how the licensee meets the residents' health care needs by satisfying the requirements of this section; and
(b) Are reviewed and approved by a health care prescriber at least biennially.
(2) The licensee must:
(a) Limit admission, transfer, discharge, and referral processes to residents for whom the RTF is qualified by staff, services, equipment, building design and occupancy to give safe care;
(b) Conduct or accept a current health care screening of each resident upon admission including a tuberculosis risk assessment and symptom screening;
(c) Refer residents for health care provided outside of the RTF as needed such as, but not limited to, laboratory, dental, ambulatory care or specialty services as needed;
(d) Assist residents in following all prescribed treatments, modified diets, activities or activity limitations;
(e) Assist residents to keep health care appointments;
(f) Provide access to a health assessment by a health care prescriber any time a resident exhibits signs or symptoms of an injury, illness or abnormality for which a medical diagnosis and treatment are indicated;
(g) Provide access to tuberculosis testing if the resident is high-risk or symptomatic of tuberculosis;
(h) Address serious illness, medical emergencies, or threat to life, to include:
(i) Criteria for determining the degree of medical stability of residents;
(ii) Observing residents for signs and symptoms of illness or trauma;
(iii) Reporting abnormal signs and symptoms according to an established protocol;
(iv) Criteria requiring a resident's immediate transfer to a hospital;
(v) How staff transmits the resident's medical and related data in the event of a transfer;
(vi) How to notify the parent or guardian, personal representative or next of kin in the event of an emergency, threat to life, serious change in the resident's condition, transfer of a resident to another facility, or death; and
(vii) When to consult with internal or external resource agencies or entities such as poison control, fire department or police.
(i) Provide access to emergency and prenatal care for pregnant residents, and postnatal care services for residents and infants; and
(j) Assure provisions of each resident's personal care items and durable medical equipment including storing and labeling each resident's personal care items separately, preventing contamination, and preventing access by other residents.
(3)(a) RTFs performing the following duties must meet the staffing requirements in (b) of this subsection:
(i) Have a health care prescriber initiate or adjust medication that is administered by staff according to the resident's individual service plan;
(ii) Otherwise administer medications to the resident; or
(iii) Use restraint or seclusion.
(b) RTFs performing any duties described in (a) of this subsection must meet the following staffing requirements:
(i) A registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or prescriber must be available on-site during medication administration or while restraint or seclusion is being used, and otherwise available by phone twenty-four hours per day, seven days per week; and
(ii) A prescriber or registered nurse who is responsible for the supervision of resident care and nursing services must be available on-site at least four hours per calendar week.
(4) RTFs which do not perform any duties described in subsection (3)(a) of this section but have a health care prescriber initiate or adjust medication for residents to self-administer according to the resident's individual service plan must have a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse available at least by phone twenty-four hours per day, seven days per week.
(5) RTFs which meet the conditions in subsection (3) or (4) of this section must:
(a) Perform a health assessment for each resident. A prescriber or licensed nurse operating within their scope of practice shall conduct and complete the assessment following the resident's admission to the RTF unless a health assessment was performed within the past three months and is available to the RTF upon admission; and
(b) Develop and implement the policies and procedures explaining how nursing staff will be used including:
(i) Scheduling of hours on-site and availability by phone;
(ii) Supervision, assessment, and training of other staff;
(iii) Delegation to other staff;
(iv) Medication management;
(v) Treatment planning;
(vi) Health screenings;
(vii) Health assessments; and
(viii) If applicable, restraint or seclusion.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-080, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-080, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-080, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-081

Residential servicesPediatric transitional care.

This section only applies to an RTF in its licensed capacity to provide pediatric transitional care services according to this chapter.
(1) The licensee must establish and implement policies and procedures that:
(a) Describe how the licensee meets the infants' health care needs by satisfying the requirements of this section; and
(b) Are reviewed and approved by a pediatrician, a pediatric physician's assistant, or pediatric ARNP at least biennially.
(2) The licensee may only provide pediatric transitional care services to infants who:
(a) Are less than twelve months of age;
(b) Have been exposed to drugs before birth;
(c) Require twenty-four-hour continuous residential care and skilled nursing services as a result of drug exposure; and
(d) Are medically assessed by a pediatrician, physician's assistant, or pediatric ARNP and referred to the RTF by the department of children, youth, and families regional hospitals or private parties.
(3) The licensee may only admit drug exposed infants that primarily require withdrawal management services and whose condition has been determined by a pediatrician, physician's assistant, or pediatric ARNP to be otherwise medically stable and predictable.
Admissions must contain a complete discharge summary from the sending facility.
(4) The licensee shall not admit infants solely for treatment of complex medical conditions requiring specialized care, monitoring, and equipment including, but not limited to, respiratory compromise requiring assisted ventilation or continuous oxygen, conditions requiring a peripherally inserted central catheter line, or conditions requiring nasogastric tubes.
(5) The staffing and staffing ratios in this subsection apply at all times. The licensee shall provide twenty-four-hour medical supervision to infants according to the following minimum staffing requirements:
(a) One registered nurse shall be present and on duty at the facility at all times;
(b)(i) One registered nurse or licensed practical nurse shall be present and on duty for every eight infants requiring morphine or other controlled substances for treatment of condition;
(ii) One registered nurse or licensed practical nurse shall be present and on duty for every sixteen infants provided that the staffing ratio of subsection (3) of this section is not exceeded.
(c) One trained caregiver to four infants; and
(d) A pediatrician, physician's assistant, or pediatric ARNP responsible for the supervision of infant medical care and nursing services must be available by phone twenty-four hours a day for consultation and on-site for medical examinations.
(6) The licensee may provide services for an infant for up to forty-five days. Pediatric transitional care services may be extended beyond forty-five days if the pediatrician, physician's assistant, or pediatric ARNP on staff determines it to be medically necessary and with consent of the infant's parent, legal guardian, or state agency with placement and care authority. The assessment and determination must be conducted and entered into the infant's record no less than two days before the infant's forty-fifth day at the RTF and must include the medical reasons for the extended stay.
(7) The licensee shall provide trainings to parents or legal guardians, foster parents, and relatives on:
(a) Reading your infant's signs and signals;
(b) Managing feeding difficulties;
(c) Managing stimulus in a family environment;
(d) Impact of drugs in utero on developmental milestones;
(e) Managing your stress and that of your family; and
(f) Therapeutic benefits of touch, sound and light in modulating infant behavior.
(8) The licensee shall provide for medical examinations and consultations by a pediatrician, physician's assistant, or pediatric ARNP for each infant with the frequency and regularity recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and according to the time frames in this subsection.
Medical assessments, examinations, screenings, and other services relevant to an infant's individual service plan shall include:
(a) An initial health assessment of the infant conducted and completed by a registered nurse upon the infant's arrival;
(b) An initial medical examination of the infant conducted and completed by a pediatrician, physician's assistant or pediatric ARNP within twenty-four hours, if on morphine, otherwise seventy-two hours of the infant's arrival unless a pediatrician, physician's assistant or pediatric ARNP orders a shorter time frame;
(c) Medical examinations of infants conducted every three weeks by a pediatrician, physician's assistant, or pediatric ARNP unless a pediatrician, physician's assistant or pediatric ARNP orders a shorter time frame;
(d) A plan of management for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Licensees must use a NAS scoring tool approved by the department. NAS scoring must be conducted and completed based on the infant's condition and treatment by a trained licensed practical nurse, registered nurse, pediatrician, physician's assistant, or pediatric ARNP on staff at the RTF. A licensed practical nurse can gather NAS scoring data but cannot analyze the data to inform medication dosage and other treatment decisions;
(e) Infant developmental screening tests, approved by the department, within thirty days after the infant's arrival at the RTF; and
(f) If written consent is given by the parent or guardian, administration of all routinely recommended vaccinations to the infant at the ages and intervals according to the national immunization guidelines in the "Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Aged 18 Years or Younger—United States, 2018"; as published in the "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2018; 67(5):156-157."
(9) The licensee must:
(a) Provide transportation of the infant to and from the RTF, if needed. Transportation requirements shall include the following:
(i) All vehicles used for transportation must be in good working condition and insured by the licensee;
(ii) Drivers must be at least twenty-one years of age, have proof of a valid driver's license, and be employed by the RTF;
(iii) Drivers must be accompanied by a trained caregiver or licensed health care provider employed by the RTF to attend to the infant during transport; and
(iv) Child passenger restraint requirements must be in compliance with RCW 46.61.687.
(b) Limit admission, transfer, discharge, and referral processes to infants for whom the RTF is qualified by staff, services, equipment, building design and occupancy to provide safe care;
(c) Refer infants for health care provided outside of the RTF as needed such as, but not limited to, laboratory, dental, ambulatory care, or specialty services;
(d) Follow all prescribed treatments, modified diets, activities, or activity limitations;
(e) Keep health care appointments;
(f) Provide a health assessment any time an infant exhibits signs or symptoms of an injury, illness or abnormality for which a medical diagnosis and treatment are indicated;
(g) Address serious illness, medical emergencies, or threat to life, to include:
(i) Criteria for determining the degree of medical stability of infants;
(ii) Observing infants for signs and symptoms of illness or trauma;
(iii) Reporting abnormal signs and symptoms according to an established protocol;
(iv) Criteria requiring an infant's immediate transfer to a hospital;
(v) How staff transmits the infant's medical and related data in the event of a transfer;
(vi) How to notify the parent or guardian, personal representative, or next of kin in the event of an emergency, threat to life, serious change in the infant's condition, transfer of an infant to another facility, or death; and
(vii) When to consult with internal or external resource agencies or entities such as poison control, fire department, or police.
(h) Assure provisions of each infant's personal care items and durable medical equipment including storing and labeling each resident's personal care items separately, preventing contamination, and preventing access by other residents;
(i) Develop and implement the policies and procedures explaining how nursing staff will be used including:
(i) Scheduling of hours on-site and availability by phone;
(ii) Supervision, assessment, and training of other staff;
(iii) Delegation to other staff;
(iv) Medication management;
(v) Treatment planning;
(vi) Health screenings; and
(vii) Health assessments.
(10) In satisfying the requirements of this chapter, the licensee must also collaborate with the department of children, youth, and families regarding individual safety plans and to meet family and medical needs as contractually required.
(11) The licensee shall have equipment to support infants receiving pediatric transitional care services in adequate supply to meet the medical needs of the population:
(a) Cardiac respiratory monitors for each infant receiving morphine or as medically indicated;
(b) Pediatric pulse oximeter in each infant room;
(c) Plumbed or portable oxygen tanks and suction devices in an adequate supply to meet infant needs;
(d) Digital thermometers designed for pediatric use in each infant room;
(e) Scales used for weighing infants;
(f) Warming beds in adequate supply to meet infant needs;
(g) Refrigerator with thermometer for storing infant formula;
(h) Refrigerator with thermometer, approved for storing medications and vaccinations consistent with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention "Vaccine Storage and Handling Toolkit, January 2018"; and
(i) Infant first-aid kit.
(12) The licensee must develop and implement policies and procedures that ensure unauthorized persons do not access the pediatric transitional care services unit.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-081, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19.]



PDF246-337-082

Pediatric transitional care servicesParent-infant visitation.

This section only applies to an RTF in its licensed capacity to provide pediatric transitional care services according to this chapter.
(1) The licensee, in collaboration with the infant's family, and the department of children, youth, and families, if applicable, shall identify persons who are authorized to visit the infant or call and receive verbal updates on the infant's condition.
(2) The licensee shall make all reasonable efforts to provide an initial visit between parents and infants at the facility within seventy-two hours of admission to the RTF, unless directed otherwise by a court order.
(3) At the first initial visit, the licensee shall develop a written visitation plan in collaboration with the infant's family and the department of children, youth, and families, if applicable.
(4) The licensee shall develop and implement policies and procedures regarding how to address safety concerns that are identified with persons visiting or wanting to visit an infant receiving pediatric transitional care services.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-082, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19.]



PDF246-337-085

Accepting a child with a parent in treatment.

(1) An RTF providing substance use disorder services and no mental health services may accept a child or children along with a parent in treatment as long as the parent is not receiving withdrawal management services.
(2) If the RTF provides withdrawal management, the child must be kept physically and visually separate from residents receiving withdrawal management services.
(3) An RTF that accepts a child with a parent in treatment must operate or arrange for child care which the child will attend during treatment hours of the parent. Child care facilities must be licensed by the department of early learning under:
(a) Chapter 170-295 WAC;
(b) Chapter 170-297 WAC; or
(c) Chapter 170-296A WAC;
(4) During the hours the parent is not in treatment the RTF must require that the parent be responsible for the child's care under the following conditions:
(a) The parent's management of the child is subject to the policies and procedures of the RTF; and
(b) A parent may designate another resident to care for a child, if the designation is in writing and includes a specified time period, any special instructions, and the parent, designee and staff member sign an approval of the designation;
(5) The RTF shall obtain a health history for each child following admission and, if needed, develop with the parent a plan of care for each child that addresses the child's health care needs, including medications.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-085, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-085, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-095

Resident health care records.

The licensee must ensure the RTF meets the following requirements:
(1) Develop and implement procedures for maintaining current health care records as required by chapter 70.02 RCW and other applicable laws.
(2) Health care records may be integrated into a resident's individual service plan so long as the requirements of this section are met.
(3) Make health care records accessible for review by appropriate direct care staff, the resident, the parent or guardian, and the department in accordance with applicable law.
(4) Document health care information in a standardized manner.
(5) Record health care information by the health care provider or direct care staff with resident contact to include typed or legible handwriting in ink, verified by signature or unique identifier, title, date and time.
(6) Maintain the confidentiality and security of health care records in accordance with applicable law.
(7) Maintain health care records in chronological order in their entirety or chronologically by sections.
(8) Keep health care records current with all documents filed according to the licensee's written timeline policy.
(9) Include the following, at a minimum, in each health care record:
(a) Resident's name, date of birth, sex, marital status, date of admission, voluntary or other commitment, name of health care prescriber, diagnosis, date of discharge, previous address and phone number, if any;
(b) Resident's receipt of notification of resident's rights;
(c) Resident's consent for health care provided by the RTF, unless the resident is admitted under an involuntary court order;
(d) A copy of any authorizations, advance directives, powers of attorney, letters of guardianship, or other similar documentation;
(e) Original reports, where available or, if not available, durable, legible copies of original reports on all tests, procedures, and examinations performed on the resident;
(f) Individual service plan according to WAC 246-337-100 or 246-337-103, as applicable;
(g) Individuals whom the resident consents for the RTF to freely communicate with regarding the health care of the resident including the individual's name, relationship to the resident, and address;
(h) Dated and signed notes describing all health care provided for each contact with the resident pertinent to the resident's individual service plan including:
(i) Physical and psychosocial history;
(ii) Health screening;
(iii) Health care service and treatment provided, including resident's response to treatment and any adverse reactions and resolution of health care issues and when applicable;
(iv) Medication administration, and medical staff notification of medication administration errors, adverse effects, or side effects;
(v) Use of restraint or seclusion consistent with WAC 246-337-110;
(vi) Staff actions or response to health care needs;
(vii) Instructions or teaching provided to the resident in connection with his or her health care; and
(viii) Discharge summary, including:
(A) Summary of the resident's physical and mental history, as applicable;
(B) Condition upon discharge;
(C) List of current medications;
(D) Recommendations for services, follow-up or continuing care; and
(E) Date and time of discharge.
(10) Retain the health care records at least six years beyond the resident's discharge or death date, whichever occurs sooner, and at least six years beyond the age of eighteen.
(11) Destroy the health care records in accordance with applicable law and in a manner that preserves confidentiality.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-095, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-095, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-095, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-100

Resident's individual service plan.

This section does not apply to an RTF in its licensed capacity to provide pediatric transitional care services according to this chapter.
(1) The licensee must develop and implement an individual service plan for each resident based on the resident's:
(a) Initial health on admission; and
(b) Health assessment(s).
(2) Individual service plans must:
(a) Be prepared by one or more staff involved in the resident's care with participation by the resident and by either his or her personal representative or parent or guardian when minors are involved;
(b) Address the needs of a mother and baby during pregnancy and after delivery, if applicable;
(c) Include work assignments given to a resident as part of their individual service plan, if applicable;
(d) Be updated as additional needs are identified during treatment; and
(e) Include a discharge health care plan.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-100, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-100, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-100, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-103

Individual service planPediatric transitional care services.

(1) This section only applies to an RTF in its licensed capacity to provide pediatric transitional care services according to this chapter.
(2) The licensee must develop, implement, and update at least weekly an individual service plan for each infant receiving pediatric transitional care services based on the infant's:
(a) Initial health on admission; and
(b) Health assessment(s) described in WAC 246-337-081.
(3) Each individual service plan must:
(a) Establish a plan of management for neonatal abstinence syndrome prepared by a health care provider who is:
(i) Involved with the infant's care; and
(ii) Working within their scope of practice.
(b) Be prepared in accordance with the infant's standing orders;
(c) Include short-term goals;
(d) Establish timelines for initial and ongoing visitation between the infant and parents, guardians, or identified family resources according to WAC 246-337-082;
(e) Include a discharge plan that addresses, at minimum, the following:
(i) Medical release from a pediatrician, physician's assistant, or pediatric ARNP indicating that the infant is medically stable and appropriate for discharge;
(ii) Verification of a receiving physician, pediatrician, physician's assistant, or ARNP who will assume infant care and receive relevant health care records;
(iii) Verification from a registered nurse that the infant has achieved weight and feeding milestones appropriate for discharge;
(iv) Written after care plan for the infant, developed in collaboration with the parents, which includes specific tasks for parents. Parents must sign the after care plan prior to infant discharge; and
(v) Assessment that the home environment and family dynamics are appropriate to receive and care for the infant.
(f) Include an aftercare plan that addresses, at minimum, the following:
(i) A plan to regularly communicate with the parents or guardian for a minimum of six months after discharge to check on the infant's condition and offer consultation and community resource referrals as needed; and
(ii) Provide the infant's family appropriate staff contacts in case family needs consultation.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-103, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19.]



PDF246-337-105

Medication management.

The licensee is responsible for implementing policies and procedures for the control and appropriate use of all drugs within the RTF in accordance with all applicable state and federal regulations. The policies and procedures to implement this section must be developed, approved, and reviewed by a health care prescriber and the RTF administrator, and must be consistent with this chapter.
(1) Procurement. Timely procurement of drugs must be achieved in one or more of the following ways:
(a) A pharmacy licensed under chapter 18.64 RCW provides resident specific drugs by prescription order to the RTF;
(b) A prescriber purchases drugs from a licensed wholesaler and is responsible for the drugs;
(c) The RTF is listed as a hospital pharmacy associated clinic under a hospital pharmacy license in accordance with chapter 18.64 RCW and applicable rules adopted by the Washington state pharmacy quality assurance commission;
(d) The RTF holds a health care entity license under chapter 18.64 RCW and purchases drugs consistent with chapter 246-904 WAC; and
(e) The resident brings his or her prescribed medication with them to the RTF.
(2) Storage and security.
(a) Storage of drugs must include limits on access to drugs to those staff authorized to assist, administer, or dispense drugs and addresses security, safety, sanitation, temperature, light, moisture and ventilation, and hand washing facilities. All drugs must be stored in accordance with United States pharmacopoeia standards and designated storage locations are constructed in accordance with WAC 246-337-126.
(b) Automated drug dispensing devices (ADDDs). For the purposes of this section, an ADDD has the same meaning as defined in WAC 246-874-010. ADDDs may be used to store drugs if:
(i) The ADDD is leased or owned by a prescriber who maintains sole responsibility for the drugs;
(ii) The RTF holds a health care entity license under chapter 18.64 RCW and complies with chapters 246-874 and 246-904 WAC; or
(iii) The RTF is operated in connection with a licensed hospital and complies with chapter 246-874 WAC and rules of the pharmacy quality assurance commission governing hospital pharmacy associated clinics.
(3) Inventory of stock drugs. The licensee shall document:
(a) Receipt and disposal of all drugs;
(b) Inventory of legend drugs;
(c) Inventory of controlled substances biennially, including:
(i) Keep all controlled substance records for a minimum of two years;
(ii) Have two authorized staff verify shift counts of controlled substances when transfer of accountability occurs. If an ADDD is used, staff must follow the policies and procedures developed for the ADDD; and
(iii) Report to the Washington state pharmacy quality assurance commission if the controlled substance counts or inventory indicate disappearances or unaccounted for discrepancies of controlled substances in accordance with WAC 246-873-080 and 246-887-020, and 21 C.F.R. Sec. 1301.76(b).
(4) Prescribing and administering drugs.
(a) An organized system must be established and maintained that ensures accuracy in receiving, transcribing and implementing orders for medication administration that ensures residents receive the correct medication, dosage, route, time, and reason.
(b) An authorized health care prescriber shall sign all written orders for legend drugs, controlled substances and vaccines. Orders, including telephone or verbal orders for legend drugs, controlled substances and vaccines must be signed as soon as possible, but no later than seventy-two hours after the telephone or verbal order has been issued.
(c) If using electronic prescribing, prescribers shall comply with RCW 69.50.312, chapter 246-870 WAC, and 21 C.F.R. Sec. 1311(c).
(d) A prescriber shall approve the use of self-administered nonprescription drugs. Staff shall provide the nonprescription drugs according to prescriber instructions.
(e) A prescriber shall:
(i) Develop an approved list of nonprescription drugs acceptable for residents that includes the parameters of use for each drug; and
(ii) Review and approve the list annually.
(f) The licensee shall address the way(s) medications are administered including:
(i) Staff-administered medication in which licensed staff operating within their scope of practice remove the drug from the container and provide it to the resident for ingestion or otherwise administer the drug to the resident;
(ii) Observed self-administration of medication in which residents obtain their container of medication from a supervised and secure storage area, remove the dose needed, ingest or otherwise take the medication as directed on the label while being observed by staff;
(iii) Independent self-administration of medication in which residents obtain their container of medication from either a supervised and secure storage area or from their personal belongings, remove the dose needed, ingest or otherwise take the medication as directed on the label without being observed by staff; or
(iv) Involuntary antipsychotic medication administration consistent with WAC 388-865-0570.
(g) Medication administration errors, adverse effects, and side effects must be reported and addressed;
(h) The licensee shall develop a policy and procedure for:
(i) The use, receipt, storage and accountability for residents receiving methadone from an outpatient methadone clinic, if applicable; and
(ii) Drugs given to a resident on temporary leave from the RTF.
(5) Documentation. All medications administered, observed being self-administered, or involuntarily administered must be documented on the medication administration record, including:
(a) Name and dosage of the medication;
(b) Parameters of use;
(c) Date the medication order was initiated;
(d) Date the medication order was discontinued;
(e) Time of administration;
(f) Route;
(g) Staff or resident initials indicating medication was administered, or observed being self-administered;
(h) Notation if medication was refused, held, wasted or not administered or observed being self-administered;
(i) Allergies; and
(j) Resident response to medication when given "as needed."
(6) RTF staff must have available to them a current established drug reference resource.
(7) For the purposes of this section:
(a) Controlled substance has the same meaning as defined in RCW 69.50.101; and
(b) Legend drugs has the same meaning as defined in RCW 69.41.010.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-105, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: 2013 c 19 and RCW 71.12.670. WSR 15-09-108, § 246-337-105, filed 4/20/15, effective 5/21/15. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-105, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-110

Use of restraint and seclusion.

(1) This section only applies to an RTF that uses restraint or seclusion. This section does not apply to an RTF in its licensed capacity to provide pediatric transitional care services according to this chapter, nor are any of the practices described in this section permitted when providing services to infants. The licensee shall have policies and procedures addressing the application and use of restraint or seclusion consistent with this chapter.
(2) The following facilities must have a minimum of one seclusion room for seclusion or temporary holding of residents awaiting transfer:
(a) Any RTF certified under chapter 388-865 WAC as an evaluation and treatment facility, competency restoration facility or involuntary crisis triage facility; or
(b) Any RTF certified under chapter 388-877B WAC as a detoxification facility providing secure detoxification services as defined in RCW 70.96B.010.
(3)(a) At admission, the incoming resident must be informed and provided a copy of the RTF's policy regarding the use of restraint or seclusion. An acknowledgment that the information and policy has been received must be obtained in writing from the resident; or
(b) In the case of a minor, the resident's parent(s) or guardian(s) must be informed and provided a copy of the RTF policy and acknowledge in writing that the information has been received.
(4) Restraint or seclusion must be safe, based on:
(a) Assessment of behavior;
(b) Chronological and developmental age;
(c) Size;
(d) Gender;
(e) Physical, medical, and psychiatric condition; and
(f) Personal history.
(5) Restraint or seclusion must only be used in emergency situations to ensure the physical safety of the individual resident or other residents or staff of the RTF, and when less restrictive measures have been found to be ineffective to protect the resident or others from harm.
(6) A prescriber must authorize use of the restraint or seclusion.
(7) If the order for restraint or seclusion is verbal, the verbal order must be received by a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse.
(8) "Whenever needed" or "as needed" orders for use of restraint or seclusion are prohibited.
(9) In emergency situations in which an order cannot be obtained prior to the application of restraint or seclusion, the order must be obtained either during the emergency application of the restraint or seclusion, or immediately after the restraint or seclusion has been applied. Policies and procedures must identify who can initiate the emergency application of restraint or seclusion prior to obtaining an order from a health care prescriber.
(10) Restraint and seclusion cannot be used simultaneously with persons under twenty-one years of age.
(11) Staff shall continuously observe and monitor residents in restraint or seclusion using:
(a) Face-to-face observation and monitoring; or
(b) Both direct sight video and two-way audio communications.
(12) The health care prescriber must:
(a) Limit each order of restraint or seclusion as follows:
(i) Adults: Four hours;
(ii) Children and adolescents at least nine years old but less than eighteen years old: Two hours; and
(iii) Children under nine years of age: One hour.
(b) Be available to staff for consultation, at least by phone, throughout the period of emergency safety intervention;
(c) Examine the resident before the restraint or seclusion exceeds more than twenty-four hours; and
(d) Only renew the original order in accordance with the limits in (a) of this subsection for up to a total of twenty-four hours. For each subsequent twenty-four hour period of restraint or seclusion, repeat the examination.
(13) A health care prescriber or registered nurse must, within one hour of initiation of restraint or seclusion, conduct a face-to-face assessment of the resident including the residents' physical and psychological status, behavior, appropriateness of intervention, and any complications resulting from the intervention of the resident and consult the ordering health care prescriber. If restraint or seclusion is discontinued before the face-to-face assessment is performed, the face-to-face assessment must still be performed.
(14) The following documentation must be included in the residents' individual service plan when restraint or seclusion is used:
(a) The original and any subsequent order for the restraint or seclusion including name of the health care prescriber;
(b) The date and time the order was obtained;
(c) The specific intervention ordered including length of time and behavior that would terminate the intervention;
(d) Time the restraint or seclusion began and ended; and
(e) Time and results of the one hour face-to-face assessment.
(15) During the period a resident is placed in restraint or seclusion, appropriately trained staff must assess the client and document in the individual service plan at a minimum of every fifteen minutes:
(a) Resident's behavior and response to the intervention used including the rationale for continued use of the intervention;
(b) Food/nutrition offered;
(c) Toileting; and
(d) Physical condition of the resident.
(16) Additional documentation in the individual service plan must include:
(a) Alternative methods attempted or the rationale for not using alternative methods;
(b) Resident behavior prior to initiation of the restraint or seclusion;
(c) Any injuries sustained during the restraint or seclusion;
(d) Post intervention debriefing with the resident to include the names of staff who were present for the debriefing, and any changes to the resident's individual service plan that result from the debriefing; and
(e) In the case of a minor, notification of the parent or guardian including the date and time of notification, and the name of the staff person providing the notification.
(17) Within twenty-four hours after the initiation of the restraint or seclusion, staff and the resident shall have a face-to-face discussion. This discussion must, to the extent possible, include all staff involved in the intervention except when the presence of a particular staff person may jeopardize the well-being of the resident. Other staff and the resident's parent(s) or guardian(s) may participate in the discussion when it is deemed appropriate by the RTF. Discussions must be conducted in a language that is understood by the resident and by the resident's parent(s) or legal guardian(s). The discussion must provide both the resident and the staff the opportunity to discuss the circumstances resulting in the use of restraint or seclusion and strategies to be used by the staff, the resident, or others that could prevent the future use of restraint or seclusion.
(18) Restraint or seclusion must be provided in a safe environment. Every licensee must:
(a) Perform a risk assessment that identifies risks in the physical environment to residents, staff and the public when any level of restraint or seclusion is carried out;
(b) Identify location(s) in the RTF where restraint or seclusion is performed;
(c) Ensure that risks in the physical environment are mitigated as appropriate to the type of restraint or seclusion used and the planned population; and
(d) Ensure that restraint or seclusion rooms are constructed as required in WAC 246-337-127. Previously reviewed and approved seclusion rooms are permitted to comply with the requirements of the rule under which they were constructed.
(19) A seclusion room may be used for multiple purposes but must be equipped to allow immediate use for seclusion purposes.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-110, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-110, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-110, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-111

Food and nutrition services.

Meals must meet resident nutritional needs, and are stored, prepared and served in accordance with chapter 246-215 WAC.
The licensee shall:
(1) Provide food and dietary services managed by a person knowledgeable in food services, and, when needed, consultative services provided by a registered dietician.
(2) Post current food handlers permits in the kitchen.
(3) Provide at least three meals at regular intervals without more than fourteen hours between the last meal of the day and the first meal of the next day.
(4) Consider age, gender, developmental age, activities and health conditions when developing meals.
(5) Make reasonable accommodations for cultural and religious preferences.
(6) Notify appropriate staff of any resident with food allergies or other medical conditions, symptoms of allergic reactions to watch for, and emergency measures to take if allergic reactions occur.
(7) Provide modified diets, nutrient supplements and concentrates to residents if prescribed or indicated by an authorized health care prescriber or registered dietician.
(8) Allow sufficient time for residents to consume meals.
(9) Require all staff and residents who perform food preparation for group consumption have a current food and beverage service worker's permit and be medically screened and cleared to perform food preparation. All residents who do not perform food preparation for group consumption but who work in the kitchen do not need a food and beverage worker's permit, but must be oriented and supervised by staff with a current food and beverage worker permit at all times when working in the kitchen.
(10) Date, make available, and conspicuously post menus at least one week in advance.
(11) Keep records of all food served, including substitutions for at least three months.
(12) Prepare food on-site or have food provided by a licensed food establishment under chapter 246-215 WAC, Food and Drug Administration, or United States Department of Agriculture, with which the RTF has a signed contract or agreement and a written plan of action should food be in an unacceptable condition.
(13) Use commercial appliances if the kitchen provides meals for more than sixteen residents. A licensed RTF with sixteen or fewer residents may use domestic or home-type kitchen appliances. Domestic and home-type equipment must meet sanitation requirements of chapter 246-215 WAC.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-111, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-112

Laundry services.

The licensee shall:
(1) Provide to residents laundry facilities, equipment, handling and processes for linen and laundered items that are clean and in good repair, adequate to meet the needs of residents, and maintained according to the manufacturer's instructions;
(2) Provide laundry and linen services on the premises, or by commercial laundry;
(3) Handle, clean, and store linen according to acceptable methods of infection control including preventing contamination from other sources;
(4) Provide separate areas for handling clean laundry and soiled laundry;
(5) Require that all staff wear appropriate personal protective equipment and use appropriate infection control practices when handling grossly soiled laundry;
(6) Remove gross soil from laundry before washing and drying;
(7) Handle contaminated textiles and fabrics with minimum agitation to avoid contamination of air, surfaces and persons;
(8) Use washing machines that have a continuous supply of hot water with a temperature of one hundred forty degrees Fahrenheit, or that automatically dispense a chemical sanitizer and detergent or wash additives as specified by the manufacturer. A resident's personal laundry, separate from other laundry, may be washed at temperatures below one hundred forty degrees Fahrenheit provided chemicals suitable for low temperature washing at proper use concentration and according to the cleaning instructions for the textile, fabric, or clothing are used.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-112, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-113

Resident sleeping room accommodations.

In resident rooms used for sleeping, the licensee shall provide furniture appropriate for the age and physical condition of each resident, including:
(1) A bed at least thirty-six or more inches wide for adults and appropriate size for children, spaced at least thirty-six inches apart.
(2) No more than two infants per room using two single level nonstacking cribs or bassinets for licensees providing pediatric transitional care services.
(3) Equipping each bed with:
(a) A mattress that is clean, in good repair, and fits the frame;
(b) One or more pillows that are clean, and in good repair for each resident over two and one-half years of age;
(c) Bedding that includes a tight-fitting sheet or cover for the sleeping surface, and a clean blanket or suitable cover; and
(d) Bedding that is in good repair, changed weekly or more often as necessary to maintain cleanliness.
(4) A single level nonstacking crib, infant bed, bassinet or playpen for children twenty-four months of age and younger meeting chapter 70.111 RCW, and including:
(a) Sleep equipment having secure latching devices; and
(b) A mattress that is:
(i) Snug-fitting to prevent the infant from becoming entrapped between the mattress and crib side rails;
(ii) Waterproof and easily sanitized; and
(iii) Free of crib bumpers, stuffed toys or pillows.
(5) A youth bed or regular bed for children twenty-five months of age and older.
(6) If bunk beds are used, prohibit children six years of age or less from using the upper bunk.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-113, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-113, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-116

Animal management and safety.

The licensee must develop and implement policies and procedures that protect the health and safety of residents when service animals or, if allowed, therapy animals or pets are allowed on the premises. Policies and procedures must address:
(1) Animal immunizations;
(2) Animal behavior;
(3) The handling and cleanup of animal waste; and
(4) Animal health care needs.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-116, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-120

Facility and environment requirements.

(1) The licensee must maintain the facility, exterior grounds, and component parts such as fences, equipment, outbuildings, and landscape items in a manner that is safe, free of hazards, clean, and in good repair.
(2) Each facility must be located on a site which is accessible by emergency vehicles on at least one street, road or driveway usable under all weather conditions and free of major potholes or obstructions.
(3) Policies and procedures must be developed and implemented for routine preventative maintenance, including:
(a) Heating ventilation and air conditioning, plumbing and electrical equipment;
(b) Certification and calibration of biomedical and therapeutic equipment; and
(c) Documentation of all maintenance.
(4) Stairways must be equipped with more than one riser and ramps with slopes greater than one in twenty with handrails on both sides. Ends of handrails must be designed in a manner that eliminates a hooking hazard.
(5) Excluding child care, school facilities serving residents on the same grounds as the RTF must meet all requirements for health and safety and comply with chapter 246-366 WAC.
(6) Access and egress control devices must be used to support the policies of the RTF.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670, 71.12.684 and 2017 c 263. WSR 19-02-036, § 246-337-120, filed 12/24/18, effective 1/1/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-120, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-120, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-124

Common room requirements.

The RTF shall include rooms for social, educational, and recreational activities, visitation, dining, toileting and bathing, as described in this section.
(1) Common areas. Provide at least forty square feet per resident for the total combined area which is used for dining, social, educational, recreational activities and group therapies.
(2) Visiting room(s). At least one private area for visitation of residents by guests.
(3) Dining room(s). Dining rooms or areas must be large enough to accommodate all residents at a single sitting or in no more than three shifts. If the space is used for more than one purpose, that space must be designed to accommodate each of the activities without unreasonable interference with one another.
(4) Toilet room(s) and bathroom(s). Toilet rooms and bathrooms must be available to residents including:
(a) A minimum of one toilet and handwashing sink for every eight residents. Urinals may count for up to one-third of the required toilets in a male-only toilet room;
(b) A toilet and handwashing sink in, or immediately accessible to each bathroom;
(c) A minimum of one bathing fixture for every eight residents;
(d) Rooms containing more than one toilet or more than one bathing area must:
(i) Be designated for use by one gender, unless it is a toilet room specifically designated for children under the age of six years; and
(ii) Provide for privacy during toileting, bathing, and dressing through the use of doors or dividers;
(e) Equipping each toilet room and bathroom with:
(i) Water resistant, smooth, easily cleanable, slip-resistant bathtubs, showers, and floor surfaces;
(ii) Washable walls to the height of splash or spray;
(iii) Washable cabinets and counter tops;
(iv) Plumbing fixtures designed for easy cleaning;
(v) Clean, nonabsorbent toilet seats free of cracks;
(vi) Grab bars installed at each toilet and bathing fixture;
(vii) Shatter resistant mirrors when appropriate;
(viii) Adequate lighting for general illumination;
(ix) One or more handwashing sink with soap and single use or disposable towels with a mounted paper towel dispenser, unless a blower or equivalent hand-drying device is provided; and
(x) Toilet tissue with a reachable mounted tissue dispenser by each toilet.
(f) Providing access to bath and toilet rooms by:
(i) Locating a toilet room and bath room on the same floor or level as the sleeping room of the resident; and
(ii) Providing access without passage through any food preparation area or from one bedroom through another bedroom.
(g) If a toilet room or bath room adjoins a bedroom, the bath room is restricted to use by those residents residing in the adjoining bedrooms.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-124, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-126

Resident care room requirements.

The facility shall include rooms for individual and group therapy, medical examination when there is routine physical examination of residents, and medication storage if applicable, as described in this section.
(1) Therapy room(s). Therapy rooms for individual and group counseling must maintain visual and auditory confidentiality. The facility must have at least one room per twelve residents.
(2) Medical examination room. The examination room must be equipped with:
(a) An exam table with at least three feet of space on two sides and end of the table for staff access;
(b) An examination light;
(c) Storage units for medical supplies and equipment; and
(d) A handwashing sink.
(3) Medication storage. A room shall be provided with:
(a) Lockable storage;
(b) Refrigeration if needed for pharmaceuticals stored;
(c) Temperature and moisture control appropriate to pharmaceuticals;
(d) In new construction, provide a handwashing sink; and
(e) Appropriate lighting.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-126, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-127

Restraint or seclusion room requirements.

This section only applies to an RTF that is approved to use restraint or seclusion. In new construction or modification, each restraint or seclusion room must:
(1) Be designed to minimize potential for stimulation, escape, hiding, injury, or death, including:
(a) Walls, ceiling, and floors shall be designed to resist impact forces;
(b) Ceilings shall be monolithic without joints or crevices or shall be a minimum of nine feet high;
(c) All permanent building fixtures and details in the room shall be designed to prevent injury to the residents or staff; and
(d) Electrical switches and receptacles within the room are prohibited or covered to make them inaccessible.
(2) Have a maximum capacity of one resident.
(3) Be located and designed to permit visual and audible observation of the resident by direct or electronic means.
(4) Be designed to facilitate entrance, transfer and containment of resident, including:
(a) Have a door that opens outward into a vestibule or controlled area away from the generally populated areas; and
(b) Have a staff-controlled, lockable, toilet room that adjoins either the treatment room or vestibule.
(5) Provide appropriate space for the level of treatment being provided, including:
(a) Have a minimum of sixty square feet for seclusion;
(b) Have a minimum of eighty square feet if the room is also used for restraining residents; and
(c) Have a minimum of three feet of clear space on three sides of the bed, if a bed is provided.
(6) Have negative air pressure with all air exhausted to the exterior of the building with the exhaust fan at the discharge end of the system.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-127, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-128

Laundry and housekeeping room requirements.

(1) Laundry. RTFs in which on-site laundry services are provided must:
(a) Locate laundry equipment in rooms other than those used for open food storage, food preparation, or food service;
(b) Equip laundry areas with:
(i) A utility sink;
(ii) A table or counter for folding clean laundry; and
(iii) At least one washing machine and one clothes dryer.
(c) Provide separate areas for handling clean laundry and soiled laundry; and
(d) Ventilate laundry rooms and areas to the exterior including areas or rooms where holding soiled laundry for processing by off-site commercial laundry services.
(2) Housekeeping. A housekeeping room must be on each level of the RTF and equipped with:
(a) Locking door(s);
(b) A utility sink or equivalent means of obtaining and disposing of mop water separate from food preparation and service areas; and
(c) Storage for cleaning supplies and wet mops.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-128, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-129

Resident sleeping room requirements.

(1) The licensee shall provide residents with an accessible, clean, well-maintained room with sufficient space, light, and comfortable furnishings for sleeping and personal activities.
(2) Sleeping rooms must include:
(a) At least a three-foot clear access aisle from the entry door, along at least one side of each bed, and in front of all storage equipment;
(b) If a bunk bed is used, a minimum access aisle of five feet along at least one side of the bunk bed;
(c) Room identification;
(d) Direct access to a hallway, living room, lounge, the outside, or other common use area without going through a laundry or utility area, a bath or toilet room, or another resident's bedroom; and
(e) One or more outside windows that:
(i) Has adjustable curtains, shades, blinds, or equivalent installed at the windows for visual privacy;
(ii) Is shatterproof, screened, or of the security type as determined by the resident needs; and
(iii) Are marked with a solid color or barrier if clear glass windows or doors extend to the floor.
(3) Sleeping rooms must be equipped with:
(a) One or more noncombustible waste containers;
(b) An individual towel and washcloth rack or an equivalent method to provide clean towels and washcloths; and
(c) Secured storage facilities for storing clothing and, when requested by the resident, storage in a lockable drawer, cupboard, locker, or other secure space somewhere in the building.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-129, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-130

Water supply, sewage and waste disposal.

The licensee shall ensure:
(1) Water supply and waste disposal in each facility meet the provisions of chapter 246-290 or 246-291 WAC, whichever applies.
(2) Tempered water between one hundred and one hundred twenty degrees Fahrenheit in resident areas.
(3) Plumbing systems free of cross connections.
(4) Sewage and waste water drain into a public sewer system in compliance with applicable laws and rules, or meet the requirements of chapters 246-272 and 173-240 WAC, and local laws and rules.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-130, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-130, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-135

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning.

The licensee shall ensure:
(1) Rooms used by residents are able to maintain interior temperatures between sixty-five degrees Fahrenheit and seventy-eight degrees Fahrenheit year-round.
(2) Direct evaporative coolers are not used for cooling. In existing facilities, no new or replacement evaporative coolers may be used after adoption of these rules. Facilities currently using direct evaporative coolers such as swamp coolers or similar equipment shall follow manufacturer's instructions and develop and implement a written preventive maintenance program.
(3) Excessive odors and moisture are prevented in all areas of the building. The ventilation system must be in compliance with the mechanical code as adopted by the Washington state building code council.
(4) RTFs licensed prior to July 1991 may continue to use windows for ventilating toilet rooms, bathrooms, and janitor rooms if the windows are equipped with sixteen gauge mesh screens.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-135, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-135, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-140

Lighting, emergency lighting, and electrical outlets.

The licensee shall ensure that lighting, emergency lighting, and electrical outlets are adequate and safe including:
(1) Protection of bulbs and tubes against breakage by using canned lights, appropriately fitted shields, or shatter resistant materials in all areas occupied by residents, and in medication and food preparation areas.
(2) Use of tamper resistant electrical outlets in each room or area occupied by children under age five or residents with unsafe behaviors.
(3) Use of electrical outlets of the ground fault interrupter type or be controlled by a ground fault circuit interrupter when the outlet is within six feet of a sink or wet area.
(4) Emergency lighting on each floor.
(5) Exterior lighting with solar or battery backup at the exit and entry doors.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-140, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-140, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]



PDF246-337-146

Cleaning, maintenance and refuse disposal.

The licensee shall maintain the facility, equipment, and furnishings in a safe and sanitary condition, and in good repair through the following requirements:
(1) Provide sanitary disposal and collection of garbage and refuse by:
(a) Use of containers constructed of nonabsorbent material, which are water-tight, covered, and adequate to store garbage and refuse;
(b) Having a storage area location convenient for resident and staff use;
(c) Having a clean and maintained area for containers to prevent:
(i) Entrance of insects, rodents, birds, or other pests;
(ii) Odors; and
(iii) Other nuisances.
(d) A disposal program for biohazardous and nonmedical waste using appropriate containers and disposal services.
(2) Provide adequate storage space for:
(a) Clean and soiled equipment and linens;
(b) Lockable, shelved storage impervious to moisture, for cleaning supplies, disinfectants and poisonous compounds; and
(c) Separate, locked storage for flammable materials or other fire and safety hazards.
(3) Provide a safe and cleanable area designated for pouring stock chemicals and cleaning supplies into separate, properly labeled containers if stock chemicals are used.
(4) Provide an effective pest control program so that the RTF is free of pests such as rodents and insects.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 71.12.670. WSR 18-06-092, § 246-337-146, filed 3/6/18, effective 4/16/18.]



PDF246-337-990

Licensing fees.

A licensee must submit the following fees to the department:
FEE TYPE
AMOUNT
Administrative processing/
initial application fee
$204.00
License bed fee (per bed)
$190.00
Annual renewal fee (per bed)
$190.00
Late fee (per bed)
$33.00 (up to $660.00)
Follow-up compliance survey fee or a complete on-site survey fee resulting from a substantiated complaint
$1,320.00
(1) The department shall refund fees paid by the applicant for initial licensure if:
(a) The department has received an application but has not conducted an on-site survey or provided technical assistance. The department shall refund two-thirds of the fees paid, less a fifty dollar processing fee;
(b) The department has received an application and has conducted an on-site survey or provided technical assistance. The department shall refund one-third of the fees paid, less a fifty dollar processing fee.
(2) The department will not refund fees paid by the applicant if:
(a) The department has conducted more than one on-site visit for any purpose;
(b) One year has elapsed since the department received an initial licensure application, and the department has not issued a license because the applicant failed to complete requirements for licensure; or
(c) The amount to be refunded as calculated by subsection (1)(a) or (b) of this section is ten dollars or less.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.250, 70.38.105, 18.46.030, 70.127.090, 43.70.040. WSR 08-12-036, § 246-337-990, filed 5/30/08, effective 7/1/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.250. WSR 06-21-108, § 246-337-990, filed 10/17/06, effective 11/17/06; WSR 05-23-099, § 246-337-990, filed 11/17/05, effective 12/18/05. Statutory Authority: Chapter 71.12 RCW. WSR 05-15-157, § 246-337-990, filed 7/20/05, effective 8/20/05.]