284-55-095  <<  284-55-115 >>   284-55-120

WAC 284-55-115

Standards for loss ratios.

(1) Medicare supplement insurance policies shall return to policyholders in the form of aggregated benefits under such policy, for the entire period for which rates are computed to provide coverage, loss ratios not less than those set forth in this section. Such aggregated benefits shall be on the basis of incurred claims experience and earned premiums for such period in accordance with accepted actuarial principles. The loss ratio standards of this section are more stringent and more appropriate than those imposed by RCW 48.66.100, and are necessary for the protection of the public interest. Where coverage is provided by a health maintenance organization on a service rather than reimbursement basis, such aggregated benefits shall be on the basis of incurred health care expenses and earned premiums for such period.
(2) All filings of rates and rating schedules shall demonstrate that actual and expected losses in relation to premiums comply with the requirements of this chapter.
(3) Every insurer providing medicare supplement policies in this state shall annually file its rates, rating schedules, and supporting documentation including ratios of incurred losses to earned premiums by number of years of policy duration demonstrating that it is in compliance with the applicable loss ratio standards and that the period for which the policy is rated is reasonable in accordance with accepted actuarial principles and experience. Supporting documentation shall include the amounts of unearned premium reserve, policy reserves, and claim reserves and liabilities, both nationally and for this state. The form for filing this information is provided at WAC 284-55-205 through 284-55-210.
(4) Incurred losses shall include claims paid and the change in claim reserves and liabilities. Incurred losses shall not include policy reserves, home office or field overhead, acquisition and selling costs, taxes or other expenses, contributions to surplus, profit, or claims processing costs.
(5) The following criteria will be used to determine whether policy forms are in compliance with the loss ratio standards of this section:
(a) For the most recent year, the ratio of the incurred losses to earned premiums is greater than or equal to the applicable percentages contained in this section; and
(b) The expected losses in relation to premiums over the entire period for which the policy is rated complies with the requirements of this section, relying on the judgment of the pricing actuary and acceptable to the commissioner; and
(c) An expected loss ratio for the third policy year, greater than or equal to the applicable percentage, shall be demonstrated for policies or certificates in force less than three years. The applicable percentage shall be as defined in subsection (6), (7), or (8) of this section.
(d) Similar policy forms shall be grouped together according to the rules set forth in WAC 284-60-040.
(e) The commissioner may consider additional criteria including, but not limited to:
(i) Equitable treatment of policyholders; and
(ii) The amount of policy reserves as defined for the insurer's statutory annual statement.
(6) Medicare supplement insurance policies issued by disability insurers and fraternal benefit societies shall be expected to return to a policyholder in the form of aggregated loss ratios under the policy, at least sixty-five percent of the earned premiums in the case of individual policies, and seventy-five percent in the case of group policies.
(7) The minimum anticipated loss ratio requirement for health care service contractors shall be seventy percent for individual forms and eighty percent for group contract forms.
(8)(a) The minimum anticipated loss ratios for a health maintenance organization are deemed to be met if its health care expense costs are seventy percent or more of the earned premium charged individual subscribers, or eighty percent or more of the earned premium charged subscribers covered under a group contract.
(b) For purposes of this chapter, "health care expense costs" means expenses of a health maintenance organization associated with the delivery of health care services which are analogous to incurred losses of insurers. Such expenses shall not include home office and overhead costs, advertising costs, commissions and other acquisition costs, taxes, capital costs, administrative costs and "claims" processing costs.
(9) For purposes of this chapter, "premium" means all sums charged, received, or deposited as consideration for a medicare supplement insurance policy or the continuance thereof. An assessment or a membership, contract, survey, inspection, service, or other similar fee or charge made by the insurer in consideration for such contract is deemed part of the premium.
(10) For purposes of this chapter, "earned premium" shall mean the "premium" applicable to an accounting period whether received before, during, or after such period.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 48.02.060 (3)(a) and 48.66.050. WSR 89-11-096 (Order R 89-7), § 284-55-115, filed 5/24/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 48.02.060 (3)(a) and 48.30.010(2). WSR 88-22-061 (Order R 88-9), § 284-55-115, filed 11/1/88.]
Site Contents
Selected content listed in alphabetical order under each group