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PDFWAC 173-303-806

Final facility permits.

(1) Applicability. This section applies to all dangerous waste facilities required to have a final facility permit. The final facility permit requirements are applicable to:
(a) Final status TSD facilities; and
(b) Certain recycling facilities that are not exempt from the permit requirements.
(2)(a) Application. Any person subject to the permit requirements of this section who intends to operate a new TSD facility must comply with WAC 173-303-281 and apply for a final facility permit. The department may, at any time, require the owner or operator of an existing TSD facility to apply for a final facility permit. Such owner or operator will be allowed one hundred eighty days to submit his application; the department may extend the length of the application period if it finds that there are good reasons to do so. The owner or operator of an existing TSD facility may voluntarily apply for a final facility permit at any time. Any person seeking a final facility permit must complete, sign, and submit an application to the department. An application must consist of a Part A permit form (which can be obtained from the department), and the contents of Part B as specified in subsection (4) of this section. The requirements for the contents of a part A permit application are at WAC 173-303-803(3).
(b) Persons covered by permits by rule (WAC 173-303-802) need not apply. Procedures for applications, issuance and administration of emergency permits are found exclusively in WAC 173-303-804. Procedures for application, issuance and administration of research, development, and demonstration permits are found exclusively in WAC 173-303-809.
(3) Effective regulations. A final facility permit will include all applicable requirements of this chapter which are in effect on the date that the permit is issued by the department. WAC 173-303-840(7) provides a means for reopening permit proceedings at the discretion of the department where new requirements become effective during the permitting process and are of sufficient magnitude to make additional proceedings desirable. Any other changes to the final facility permit will be in accordance with the permit modification requirements of WAC 173-303-830.
(4) Contents of Part B. Part B of a permit application must consist of the information required in (a) through (m) of this subsection.
(a) General requirements. Part B of the permit application consists of the general information requirements of this subsection, and the specific information requirements in (b) through (h) of this subsection as applicable to the facility. The Part B information requirements presented in (a) through (h) of this subsection, reflect the standards promulgated in WAC 173-303-600. These information requirements are necessary in order for the department to determine compliance with WAC 173-303-600 through 173-303-670. If owners and operators of TSD facilities can demonstrate that the information prescribed in Part B cannot be provided to the extent required, the department may make allowance for submission of such information on a case-by-case basis. Information required in Part B must be submitted to the department and signed in accordance with requirements in WAC 173-303-810(12). Certain technical data, such as design drawings and specifications, and engineering studies must be certified by a registered professional engineer. For post-closure permits, only the information specified in WAC 173-303-806 (4)(o) is required in Part B of the permit application. The following information is required for all TSD facilities, except as WAC 173-303-600(3) provides otherwise.
(i) A general description of the facility.
(ii) Chemical, biological, and physical analyses of the dangerous waste and hazardous debris to be handled at the facility. At a minimum, these analyses must contain all the information which must be known to treat, store, or dispose of the wastes properly in accordance with WAC 173-303-600.
(iii) A copy of the waste analysis plan required by WAC 173-303-300(5) and, if applicable WAC 173-303-300 (5)(g).
(iv) A description of the security procedures and equipment required by WAC 173-303-310, or a justification demonstrating the reasons for requesting a waiver of this requirement.
(v) A copy of the general inspection schedule required by WAC 173-303-320(2): Include where applicable, as part of the inspection schedule, specific requirements in WAC 173-303-395 (1)(d), 173-303-630(6), 173-303-640 (4)(a)(i) and (6), 173-303-650(4), 173-303-655(4), 173-303-660 (4) and (5), 173-303-665(4), 173-303-670(7), and 173-303-680(3), and 40 C.F.R. 264.1033, 264.1035, 264.1052, 264.1053, 264.1058, 264.1064, 264.1067, 264.1084, 264.1085, 264.1086, and 264.1088.
(vi) A justification of any request for a waiver(s) of the preparedness and prevention requirements of WAC 173-303-340, or a description of the procedures used to comply with these requirements.
(vii) A copy of the contingency plan required by WAC 173-303-350: Include, where applicable, as part of the contingency plan, specific requirements in WAC 173-303-640(7), 173-303-650(5) and 173-303-660(6).
(viii) A description of procedures, structures, or equipment used at the facility to:
(A) Prevent hazards and contain spills in unloading/loading operations (for example, ramps, berms, pavement, special forklifts);
(B) Prevent runoff from dangerous waste handling areas to other areas of the facility or environment, or to prevent flooding (for example, berms, dikes, trenches);
(C) Prevent contamination of water supplies;
(D) Mitigate effects of equipment failure and power outages;
(E) Prevent undue exposure of personnel to dangerous waste (for example, protective clothing); and
(F) Prevent releases to the atmosphere.
(ix) A description of precautions to prevent accidental ignition or reaction of ignitable, reactive, or incompatible wastes as required to demonstrate compliance with WAC 173-303-395 including documentation demonstrating compliance with WAC 173-303-395 (1)(c).
(x) Traffic pattern, estimated volume (number, types of vehicles) and control (for example, show turns across traffic lanes, and stacking lanes (if appropriate); describe access road surfacing and load bearing capacity; show traffic control signals).
(xi) Seismic risk consideration. The owner/operator of a proposed facility or expansion of an existing facility must identify the seismic risk zone in which the facility is intended to be located. Where state or local maps are not available, United States Geological Survey Open File Report number 82-1033 may be used to identify seismic risk zones. The owner/operator must demonstrate that the facility can and will be designed to resist seismic ground motion and that the design is sufficient to withstand the maximum horizontal acceleration of a design earthquake specified in the demonstration.
(xii) An outline of both the introductory and continuing training programs by owners or operators to prepare persons to operate or maintain the TSD facility in a safe manner as required to demonstrate compliance with WAC 173-303-330. A brief description of how training will be designed to meet actual job tasks in accordance with requirements in WAC 173-303-330 (1)(d).
(xiii) A copy of the closure plan and, where applicable, the post-closure plan required by WAC 173-303-610 (3) and (8). Include, where applicable, as part of the plans, specific requirements in WAC 173-303-630(10), 173-303-640(8), 173-303-650(6), 173-303-655(8), 173-303-660(9), 173-303-665(6), 173-303-670(8), and 173-303-680 (2) and (4).
(xiv) For dangerous waste disposal units that have been closed, documentation that notices required under WAC 173-303-610(10) have been filed.
(xv) The most recent closure cost estimate for the facility prepared in accordance with WAC 173-303-620(3) and a copy of the documentation required to demonstrate financial assurance under WAC 173-303-620(4). For a new facility, a copy of the required documentation may be submitted sixty days prior to the initial receipt of dangerous wastes, if that is later than the submission of the Part B.
(xvi) Where applicable, the most recent post-closure cost estimate for the facility prepared in accordance with WAC 173-303-620(5) plus a copy of the documentation required to demonstrate financial assurance under WAC 173-303-620(6). For a new facility, a copy of the required documentation may be submitted sixty days prior to the initial receipt of dangerous wastes, if that is later than the submission of the Part B.
(xvii) Where applicable, a copy of the insurance policy or other documentation which comprises compliance with the requirements of WAC 173-303-620(8). For a new facility, documentation showing the amount of insurance meeting the specification of WAC 173-303-620 (8)(a) and, if applicable, WAC 173-303-620 (8)(b), that the owner or operator plans to have in effect before initial receipt of dangerous waste for treatment, storage, or disposal. A request for a variance in the amount of required coverage, for a new or existing facility, may be submitted as specified in WAC 173-303-620 (8)(c).
(xviii) A topographic map showing a distance of one thousand feet around the facility at a scale of 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) equal to not more than 61.0 meters (200 feet). Contours must be shown on the map. The contour interval must be sufficient to clearly show the pattern of surface water flow in the vicinity of and from each operational unit of the facility. For example, contours with an interval of 1.5 meters (5 feet), if relief is greater than 6.1 meters (20 feet), or an interval of 0.6 meters (2 feet), if relief is less than 6.1 meters (20 feet). Owners and operators of TSD facilities located in mountainous areas should use large contour intervals to adequately show topographic profiles of facilities. The map must clearly show the following:
(A) Map scale and date;
(B) One hundred-year flood plain area;
(C) Surface waters including intermittent streams;
(D) Surrounding land uses (residential, commercial, agricultural, recreational);
(E) A wind rose (i.e., prevailing windspeed and direction);
(F) Orientation of the map (north arrow);
(G) Legal boundaries of the TSD facility site;
(H) Access control (fences, gates);
(I) Injection and withdrawal wells both on-site and off-site;
(J) Buildings; treatment, storage, or disposal operations; or other structure (recreation areas, runoff control systems, access and internal roads, storm, sanitary, and process sewerage systems, loading and unloading areas, fire control facilities, etc.);
(K) Barriers for drainage or flood control; and
(L) Location of operational units within the TSD facility site, where dangerous waste is (or will be) treated, stored, or disposed (include equipment clean-up areas).
(Note - For large TSD facilities the department will allow the use of other scales on a case-by-case basis.)
(xix) Applicants may be required to submit such information as may be necessary to enable the department to carry out its duties under other state or federal laws as required.
(xx) Additional information requirements. The following additional information regarding protection of groundwater is required from owners or operators of dangerous waste facilities containing a regulated unit except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-645 (1)(b):
(A) A summary of the groundwater monitoring data obtained during the interim status period under 40 C.F.R. 265.90 through 265.94, where applicable;
(B) Identification of the uppermost aquifer and aquifers hydraulically interconnected beneath the facility property, including groundwater flow direction and rate, and the basis for such identification (that is, the information obtained from hydrogeologic investigations of the facility area);
(C) On the topographic map required under (a)(xviii) of this subsection, a delineation of the waste management area, the property boundary, the proposed "point of compliance" as defined under WAC 173-303-645(6), the proposed location of groundwater monitoring wells as required under WAC 173-303-645(8), and, to the extent possible, the information required in (a)(xx)(B) of this subsection;
(D) A description of any plume of contamination that has entered the groundwater from a regulated unit at the time that the application was submitted that:
(I) Delineates the extent of the plume on the topographic map required under (a)(xviii) of this subsection;
(II) Identifies the concentration of each constituent throughout the plume or identifies the maximum concentrations of each constituent in the plume. (Constituents are those listed in Appendix "Ground-Water Monitoring List" in Chemical Testing Methods for Designating Dangerous Waste which is incorporated at WAC 173-303-110 (3)(c) and (7), and any other constituents not listed there which have caused a managed waste to be regulated under this chapter.);
(E) Detailed plans and an engineering report describing the proposed groundwater monitoring program to be implemented to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-645(8);
(F) If the presence of dangerous constituents has not been detected in the groundwater at the time of permit application, the owner or operator must submit sufficient information, supporting data, and analyses to establish a detection monitoring program which meets the requirements of WAC 173-303-645(9). This submission must address the following items specified under WAC 173-303-645(9):
(I) A proposed list of indicator parameters, waste constituents, or reaction products that can provide a reliable indication of the presence of dangerous constituents in the groundwater;
(II) A proposed groundwater monitoring system;
(III) Background values for each proposed monitoring parameter or constituent, or procedures to calculate such values; and
(IV) A description of proposed sampling, analysis and statistical comparison procedures to be utilized in evaluating groundwater monitoring data;
(G) If the presence of dangerous constituents has been detected in the groundwater at the point of compliance at the time of permit application, the owner or operator must submit sufficient information, supporting data, and analyses to establish a compliance monitoring program which meets the requirements of WAC 173-303-645(10). The owner or operator must also submit an engineering feasibility plan for a corrective action program necessary to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-645(11) except as provided in WAC 173-303-645 (9)(h)(v). Alternatively, the owner or operator can obtain written authorization in advance from the department to submit a proposed permit schedule for development and submittal of such information. To demonstrate compliance with WAC 173-303-645(10), the owner or operator must address the following items:
(I) A description of the wastes previously handled at the facility;
(II) A characterization of the contaminated groundwater, including concentrations of dangerous constituents and parameters;
(III) A list of constituents and parameters for which compliance monitoring will be undertaken in accordance with WAC 173-303-645 (8) and (10);
(IV) Proposed concentration limits for each dangerous constituent and parameter, based on the criteria set forth in WAC 173-303-645 (5)(a), including a justification for establishing any alternate concentration limits;
(V) Detailed plans and an engineering report describing the proposed groundwater monitoring system, in accordance with the requirements of WAC 173-303-645(8); and
(VI) A description of proposed sampling, analysis and statistical comparison procedures to be utilized in evaluating groundwater monitoring data; and
(H) If dangerous constituents or parameters have been measured in the groundwater which exceed the concentration limits established under WAC 173-303-645(5), Table 1, or if groundwater monitoring conducted at the time of permit application under 40 C.F.R. 265.90 through 265.94 at the waste boundary indicates the presence of dangerous constituents from the facility in groundwater over background concentrations, the owner or operator must submit sufficient information, supporting data, and analyses to establish a corrective action program which meets the requirements of WAC 173-303-645(11). However, an owner or operator is not required to submit information to establish a corrective action program if he demonstrates to the department that alternate concentration limits will protect human health and the environment after considering the criteria listed in WAC 173-303-645(5). An owner or operator who is not required to establish a corrective action program for this reason must instead submit sufficient information to establish a compliance monitoring program which meets the requirements of WAC 173-303-645 (10) and (a)(xx)(F) of this subsection. To demonstrate compliance with WAC 173-303-645(11), the owner or operator must address, at a minimum, the following items:
(I) A characterization of the contaminated groundwater, including concentrations of dangerous constituents and parameters;
(II) The concentration limit for each dangerous constituent and parameter found in the groundwater as set forth in WAC 173-303-645(5);
(III) Detailed plans and an engineering report describing the corrective action to be taken;
(IV) A description of how the groundwater monitoring program will demonstrate the adequacy of the corrective action; and
(V) The permit may contain a schedule for submittal of the information required in (a)(xx)(H)(III) and (IV) of this subsection, provided the owner or operator obtains written authorization from the department prior to submittal of the complete permit application.
(xxi) Contingent groundwater protection program. The following actions are required for owners or operators of proposed land-based facilities and may be required for owners/operators of existing land-based facilities, except as provided in WAC 173-303-645 (1)(b).
(A) Contingent groundwater protection program. The owner or operator must develop a contingent groundwater protection program. The purpose of this program will be to prevent the migration of dangerous waste or dangerous waste constituents from waste management units to the nearest hydraulically downgradient receptor at any time during the life of the facility. For the purposes of this subsection, the downgradient receptor will be the facility property line, perennial surface water or domestic well, whichever is nearest to the dangerous waste management unit. The contingent groundwater protection program must at a minimum:
(I) Define the local and regional hydrogeologic characteristics. The contingent groundwater protection program must be based on a sufficient understanding of site geology, hydrology, and other factors to allow evaluation of its adequacy by the department. Site characterization must be performed in sufficient detail to provide, at a minimum, the following information: Site geostratigraphy; site hydrostratigraphy; identification of aquifers, aquitards, and aquicludes; flow models for each stratum (i.e., porus media or fracture flow); the distribution of vertical and horizontal hydraulic conductivity; effective porosity; horizontal and vertical hydraulic gradients; groundwater travel time to receptors; and heterogeneity for each stratigraphic unit. Site interpretative models must include ranges of tested values: The provisions of WAC 173-303-806 (4)(a)(xx) and 173-303-645, must be used as guidance in the development of the contingent groundwater protection program.
(II) Identify the range of potential release scenarios that could occur during facility operation and the post-closure care period. The scenarios must incorporate the intended design(s) of the dangerous waste management unit(s), wastes to be placed in the dangerous waste management unit(s), waste and leachate chemistry, waste, and soil and rock geochemical interactions, and the results of site characterization pursuant to WAC 173-303-806 (4)(a)(xx) and (xxi);
(III) Include specific physical action to be taken if dangerous waste or dangerous waste constituents are detected in one or more of the monitoring wells. The physical actions must be based upon engineering feasibility studies describing remedial actions established from site specific conditions and waste features. Such actions may include installation of a pump and treat system between the monitoring well and the receptor or installation of a section of slurry wall to decrease groundwater travel times. The description of the systems must also provide how the remediation system will achieve cleanup, its efficiency, and the time frames involved;
(IV) Incorporate the design, construction, and sampling methods outlined in WAC 173-303-645 (8)(c), (d), (e), (f), and (g);
(V) Demonstrate to the satisfaction of the department that the owner/operator of the dangerous waste management facility has the financial capability to implement the proposed groundwater protection plan; and
(VI) Include reporting procedures to the department.
(B) The response actions identified in WAC 173-303-806 (4)(a)(xxi)(A)(III) must be activated if the presence of dangerous waste or dangerous waste constituents have been detected at the point of compliance in accordance with WAC 173-303-645 (9)(g), and must continue until the concentration of dangerous waste or dangerous waste constituents under WAC 173-303-645(4) are reduced to levels below their respective concentration limits specified in WAC 173-303-645(5).
(C) If the owner/operator does not demonstrate that the groundwater protection program will prevent the migration of dangerous waste or its constituents to the nearest receptor, the department will require corrections to be made in the protection program, increase setbacks from the nearest receptor, or deny the permit.
(xxii) Additional requirements for incineration facilities. The following actions regarding the protection of human health and the environment must be taken by owners/operators of proposed hazardous waste incineration facilities and may be required for owners or operators of existing incineration facilities.
(A) Ambient monitoring program. The owner/operator will be required to develop an ambient monitoring program. The purpose of this ambient monitoring program will be to: Gather baseline environmental information characterizing on-site and off-site environmental conditions prior to facility operation; and, to identify and measure changes in the environment which may be linked to the construction and operation of the facility. The ambient monitoring program must, at a minimum:
(I) Include a characterization of facility emission sources and pathways of contaminant transport.
(II) Characterize local and regional ecosystems, including agricultural, and their sensitivity to the potential contaminants from the facility.
(III) Incorporate the findings of the environmental impact statement's health risk assessment and/or other assessments specific to the proposal or available to the scientific community regarding emissions from dangerous waste management facilities and their potential human health and environmental effects.
(IV) Identify sensitive indicator plants and animals for biomonitoring, identify specific chemical constituents of concern, sampling locations, sampling frequency, sampling and analytical methods, chain of custody procedures, quality assurance/quality control procedures, reporting times, recordkeeping procedures, and data evaluation procedures.
(B) Environmental review procedures. The owner/operator must establish procedures to allow for public review of facility operation and all monitoring data required by the facility's permit. In developing this process, the owner/operator must, at a minimum:
(I) Coordinate this effort with the public and interested local organizations;
(II) Identify the informational needs of the community and develop a public information process which meets these needs; and
(III) Develop procedures allowing full access by the public to all monitoring data required by the permit.
(C) Impact mitigation plan. Prior to the department issuing a permit, the owner/operator must submit an impact mitigation plan which demonstrates to the satisfaction of the department that the owner/operator will mitigate all probable significant adverse impacts, including economic, due to facility location and operations. The owner/operator must use as a basis for identifying probable significant adverse economic impacts those probable economic impacts identified during a public review process, such as the environmental impact statement scoping process, if applicable.
The plan must include, but is not limited to, a description of what the owner/operator will do to reduce or prevent any probable significant impacts before they occur, to mitigate such impacts should they occur, and to ensure the owner/operator has and will have the financial capability to implement such preventative and mitigative measures. Mitigation measures may include, as an element, financial compensation to adversely affected parties.
This plan may be submitted with environmental reports the department requires for compliance with the State Environmental Policy Act, with the written citizen proponent negotiation report and agreements, or with the Part B permit application. If the plan does not demonstrate that the owner/operator is capable of adequately mitigating the identified probable significant adverse economic impacts, the department will require modification of the plan or of the proposed facility location, or will deny the permit application. The department must be satisfied with the plan prior to the issuance of the permit.
(xxiii) Information requirements for solid waste management units.
(A) The following information is required for each solid waste management unit:
(I) The location of the unit on the topographic map required under (a)(xviii) of this subsection.
(II) Designation of type of unit.
(III) General dimensions and structural description (supply any available drawings).
(IV) Time frame over which the unit was operated.
(V) Specification of all wastes that have been managed in the unit, to the extent available.
(B) The owner/operator of any facility containing one or more solid waste management units must submit all available information pertaining to any release of dangerous wastes or dangerous constituents from such unit or units.
(C) The owner/operator must conduct and provide the results of sampling and analysis of groundwater, landsurface, and subsurface strata, surface water, or air, which may include the installation of wells, where the department determines it is necessary to complete a RCRA Facility Assessment that will determine if a more complete investigation is necessary.
WAC 173-303-806 (4)(a)(xxiv):
(xxiv) Information requirements for known releases.
(A) In order to provide for corrective action necessary to protect human health and the environment, the following information is required for all known significant releases of dangerous waste and dangerous constituents (as defined by WAC 173-303-64610(4)) at, and from, the facility. A significant release is a release which has affected or has the potential to affect human health or the environment at or beyond the facility.
(I) The location of the release on the topographic map required under (a)(xviii) of this subsection.
(II) General dimensions of the release and any relevant structural description. For example, if the release is from a storage tank, provide a structural description of the tank. Supply any available drawings.
(III) Time frame over which the release occurred.
(IV) Specification of all dangerous waste or dangerous constituents (as defined by WAC 173-303-64610(4)) present in the release, to the extent available.
(xxv) A summary of the preapplication meeting, along with a list of attendees and their addresses, and copies of any written comments or materials submitted at the meeting, as required under WAC 173-303-281 (3)(c).
(xxvi) For land disposal facilities, if a case-by-case extension has been approved under 40 C.F.R. 268.5 or a petition has been approved under 40 C.F.R. 268.6, a copy of the notice of approval for the extension or petition is required.
(b) Specific Part B information requirements for containers. Except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-600(3), owners or operators of facilities that store containers of dangerous waste must provide the following additional information:
(i) A description of the containment system to demonstrate compliance with WAC 173-303-630(7). Show at least the following:
(A) Basic design parameters, dimensions, and materials of construction including allowance for a twenty-five-year, twenty-four-hour storm;
(B) How the design promotes positive drainage control or how containers are kept from contact with standing liquids in the containment system;
(C) Capacity of the containment system relative to the volume of the largest container to be stored;
(D) Provisions for preventing or managing run-on;
(E) How accumulated liquids can be analyzed and removed to prevent overflow; and
(F) A description of the building or other protective covering for EHW containers;
(ii) For storage areas that store containers holding wastes that do not contain free liquids, a demonstration of compliance with WAC 173-303-630 (7)(c), including:
(A) Test procedures and results or other documentation or information to show that the wastes do not contain free liquids; and
(B) A description of how the storage area is designed or operated to drain and remove liquids or how containers are kept from contact with standing liquids;
(iii) A description of the procedures for labeling containers;
(iv) Sketches, drawings, or data demonstrating compliance with WAC 173-303-630(8) (location of buffer zone and containers holding ignitable or reactive wastes) and WAC 173-303-630 (9)(c) (location of incompatible wastes), where applicable;
(v) Where incompatible wastes are stored or otherwise managed in containers, a description of the procedures used to ensure compliance with WAC 173-303-630 (9)(a) and (b), and 173-303-395 (1)(b) and (c); and
(vi) Information on air emission control equipment as required in (m) of this subsection.
(c) Specific Part B information requirements for tanks. Except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-600(3), owners and operators of facilities that use tanks to store or treat dangerous waste must provide the following information:
(i) A written assessment that is reviewed and certified by an independent, qualified, registered professional engineer as to the structural integrity and suitability for handling dangerous waste of each tank system, as required under WAC 173-303-640 (2) and (3);
(ii) Dimensions and capacity of each tank;
(iii) Description of feed systems, safety cutoff, bypass systems, and pressure controls (e.g., vents);
(iv) A diagram of piping, instrumentation, and process flow for each tank system;
(v) A description of materials and equipment used to provide external corrosion protection, as required under WAC 173-303-640 (3)(a)(iii)(B);
(vi) For new tank systems, a detailed description of how the tank system(s) will be installed in compliance with WAC 173-303-640 (3)(b), (c), (d), and (e);
(vii) Detailed plans and a description of how the secondary containment system for each tank system is or will be designed, constructed, and operated to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-640 (4)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e), and (f);
(viii) For tank systems for which a variance from the requirements of WAC 173-303-640(4) is sought (as provided by WAC 173-303-640 (4)(g)):
(A) Detailed plans and engineering and hydrogeologic reports, as appropriate, describing alternate design and operating practices that will, in conjunction with location aspects, prevent the migration of any dangerous waste or dangerous constituents into the groundwater or surface water during the life of the facility; or
(B) A detailed assessment of the substantial present or potential hazards posed to human health or the environment should a release enter the environment.
(ix) Description of controls and practices to prevent spills and overflows, as required under WAC 173-303-640 (5)(b);
(x) For tank systems in which ignitable, reactive, or incompatible wastes are to be stored or treated, a description of how operating procedures and tank system and facility design will achieve compliance with the requirements of WAC 173-303-640 (9) and (10);
(xi) A description of the marking and/or labeling of tanks;
(xii) Tank design to prevent escape of vapors and emissions of acutely or chronically toxic (upon inhalation) EHW; and
(xiii) Information on air emission control equipment as required in (m) of this subsection.
(d) Specific Part B information requirements for surface impoundments. Except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-600(3), owners and operators of facilities that store, treat, or dispose of dangerous waste in surface impoundments must provide the following additional information:
(i) A list of the dangerous wastes placed or to be placed in each surface impoundment;
(ii) Detailed plans and an engineering report describing how the surface impoundment is designed, and is or will be constructed, operated and maintained to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-650 (2)(j), (10), (11), and 173-303-335, addressing the following items:
(A) The liner system (except for an existing portion of a surface impoundment), including the certification required by WAC 173-303-650 (2)(a)(i)(D) for EHW management. If an exemption from the requirement for a liner is sought as provided by WAC 173-303-650 (2)(b), submit detailed plans and engineering and hydrogeologic reports, as appropriate, describing alternate design and operating practices that will, in conjunction with location aspects, prevent the migration of any dangerous constituents into the groundwater or surface water at any future time;
(B) Prevention of overtopping;
(C) Structural integrity of dikes;
(D) The double liner and leak (leachate) detection, collection, and removal system, if the surface impoundment must meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-650 (2)(j). If an exemption from the requirements for double liners and a leak detection, collection, and removal system or alternative design is sought as provided by WAC 173-303-650 (2)(k), (l), or (m), submit appropriate information;
(E) If the leak detection system is located in a saturated zone, submit detailed plans and an engineering report explaining the leak detection system design and operation, and the location of the saturated zone in relation to the leak detection system;
(F) The construction quality assurance (CQA) plan if required under WAC 173-303-335; and
(G) Proposed action leakage rate, with rationale, if required under WAC 173-303-650(10), and response action plan, if required under WAC 173-303-650(11).
(iii) Reserve.
(iv) A description of how each surface impoundment, including the double liner system, leak detection system, cover systems and appurtenances for control of overtopping, will be inspected in order to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-650 (4)(a), (b), and (d). This information should be included in the inspection plan submitted under (a)(v) of this subsection;
(v) A certification by an independent qualified registered professional engineer which attests to the structural integrity of each dike, as required under WAC 173-303-650 (4)(c). For new units, the owner or operator must submit a statement by an independent qualified registered professional engineer that he will provide such a certification upon completion of construction in accordance with the plans and specifications;
(vi) A description of the procedure to be used for removing a surface impoundment from service, as required under WAC 173-303-650 (5)(b) and (c). This information should be included in the contingency plan submitted under (a)(vii) of this subsection;
(vii) A description of how dangerous waste residues and contaminated materials will be removed from the unit at closure, as required under WAC 173-303-650 (6)(a)(i). For any wastes not to be removed from the unit upon closure, the owner or operator must submit detailed plans and an engineering report describing how WAC 173-303-650 (6)(a)(ii) and (b) will be complied with. This information should be included in the closure plan and, where applicable, the post-closure plan submitted under (a)(xiii) of this subsection;
(viii) If ignitable or reactive wastes are to be placed in a surface impoundment, an explanation of how WAC 173-303-650(7) will be complied with;
(ix) If incompatible wastes, or incompatible wastes and materials will be placed in a surface impoundment, an explanation of how WAC 173-303-650(8) will be complied with;
(x) Where applicable, a waste management plan for Dangerous Waste Nos. F020, F021, F022, F023, F026, or F027 describing how the surface impoundment is or will be designed to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-650(9); and
(xi) Information on air emission control equipment as required in (m) of this subsection.
(e) Specific Part B information requirements for waste piles. Except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-600(3), owners and operators of facilities that store or treat dangerous waste in waste piles must provide the following additional information:
(i) A list of dangerous wastes placed or to be placed in each waste pile;
(ii) If an exemption is sought to WAC 173-303-660(2), and 173-303-645 as provided by WAC 173-303-660 (1)(c), an explanation of how the standards of WAC 173-303-660 (1)(c) will be complied with;
(iii) Detailed plans and an engineering report describing how the waste pile is designed, and is or will be constructed, operated, and maintained to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-335, 173-303-660 (2)(j), (11) and (12), addressing the following items:
(A)(I) The liner system (except for an existing portion of a pile) if the waste pile must meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-660(2), including the independent qualified registered professional engineer's certification when required by WAC 173-303-660 (2)(c). If an exemption from the requirement for a liner is sought, as provided by WAC 173-303-660 (2)(d), submit detailed plans and engineering and hydrogeologic reports, as applicable, describing alternate design and operating practices that will, in conjunction with location aspects, prevent the migration of any dangerous constituents into the groundwater or surface water at any future time;
(II) The double liner and leak (leachate) detection, collection, and removal system, if the waste pile must meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-660 (2)(j). If an exemption from the requirements for double liners and a leak detection, collection, and removal system or alternative design is sought as provided by WAC 173-303-660 (2)(k), (l), or (m), submit appropriate information;
(III) If the leak detection system is located in a saturated zone, submit detailed plans and an engineering report explaining the leak detection system design and operation, and the location of the saturated zone in relation to the leak detection system;
(IV) The construction quality assurance (CQA) plan if required under WAC 173-303-335;
(V) Proposed action leakage rate, with rationale, if required under WAC 173-303-660(3), and response action plan, if required under WAC 173-303-660(4);
(B) Control of run-on;
(C) Control of runoff;
(D) Management of collection and holding units associated with run-on and runoff control systems; and
(E) Control of wind dispersal of particulate matter, where applicable;
(iv) Reserve.
(v) A description of how each waste pile, including the double liner system, leachate collection and removal system, leak detection system, cover system and appurtenances for control of run-on and runoff, will be inspected in order to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-660(5). This information should be included in the inspection plan submitted under (a)(v) of this subsection. If an exemption is sought to WAC 173-303-645 pursuant to WAC 173-303-660(4), describe in the inspection plan how the inspection requirements of WAC 173-303-660 (4)(a)(iii) will be complied with;
(vi) If treatment is carried out on or in the pile, details of the process and equipment used, and the nature and quality of the residuals;
(vii) If ignitable or reactive wastes are to be placed in a waste pile, an explanation of how the requirements of WAC 173-303-660(7) will be complied with;
(viii) If incompatible wastes, or incompatible wastes and materials will be placed in a waste pile, an explanation of how WAC 173-303-660(8) will be complied with;
(ix) A description of how dangerous waste, waste residues and contaminated materials will be removed from the waste pile at closure, as required under WAC 173-303-660 (9)(a). For any waste not to be removed from the waste pile upon closure, the owner or operator must submit detailed plans and an engineering report describing how WAC 173-303-665 (6)(a) and (b) will be complied with. This information should be included in the closure plan and, where applicable, the post-closure plan submitted under (a)(xiii) of this subsection;
(x) Where applicable, a waste management plan for Dangerous Waste Nos. F020, F021, F022, F023, F026, or F027 describing how a waste pile that is not enclosed (as defined in WAC 173-303-660 (1)(c)) is or will be designed, constructed, operated, and maintained to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-660(10).
(f) Specific Part B information requirements for incinerators. Except as WAC 173-303-670(1) and subsection (4)(f)(v) of this section provide otherwise, owners and operators of facilities that incinerate dangerous waste must fulfill the informational requirements of (f) of this subsection.
(i) When seeking an exemption under WAC 173-303-670 (1)(b) (ignitable or reactive wastes only):
(A) Documentation that the waste is listed as a dangerous waste in WAC 173-303-080, solely because it is ignitable; or
(B) Documentation that the waste is listed as a dangerous waste in WAC 173-303-080, solely because it is reactive for characteristics other than those listed in WAC 173-303-090 (7)(a)(iv) and (v), and will not be burned when other dangerous wastes are present in the combustion zone; or
(C) Documentation that the waste is a dangerous waste solely because it possesses the characteristic of ignitability, as determined by the tests for characteristics of dangerous waste under WAC 173-303-090; or
(D) Documentation that the waste is a dangerous waste solely because it possesses the reactivity characteristics listed in WAC 173-303-090 (7)(a)(i), (ii), (iii), (vi), (vii), and (viii), and that it will not be burned when other dangerous wastes are present in the combustion zone.
(ii) Submit a trial burn plan or the results of a trial burn, including all required determinations, in accordance with WAC 173-303-807.
(iii) In lieu of a trial burn, the applicant may submit the following information;
(A) An analysis of each waste or mixture of wastes to be burned including:
(I) Heating value of the waste in the form and composition in which it will be burned;
(II) Viscosity (if applicable), or description of physical form of the waste, and specific gravity of the waste;
(III) An identification of any dangerous organic constituents listed in WAC 173-303-9905 or, if not listed, which cause the waste(s) to be regulated, which are present in the waste to be burned, except that the applicant need not analyze for constituents which would reasonably not be expected to be found in the waste. The constituents excluded from analysis must be identified and the basis for their exclusion stated. The waste analysis must rely on analytical techniques specified in WAC 173-303-110 (3)(a), or their equivalent as approved by the department;
(IV) An approximate quantification of the dangerous constituents identified in the waste, within the precision produced by the analytical methods specified in WAC 173-303-110 (3)(a); and
(V) A quantification of those dangerous constituents in the waste which may be designated as principal organic dangerous constituents (PODCs) based on data submitted from other trial or operational burns which demonstrate compliance with the performance standards in WAC 173-303-670(4);
(B) A detailed engineering description of the incinerator, including:
(I) Manufacturer's name and model number of incinerator;
(II) Type of incinerator;
(III) Linear dimension of incinerator unit including cross sectional area of combustion chamber;
(IV) Description of auxiliary fuel system (type/feed);
(V) Capacity of prime mover;
(VI) Description of automatic waste feed cutoff system(s);
(VII) Stack gas monitoring and pollution control monitoring system;
(VIII) Nozzle and burner design;
(IX) Construction materials; and
(X) Location and description of temperature, pressure, and flow indicating devices and control devices;
(C) A description and analysis of the waste to be burned compared with the waste for which data from operational or trial burns are provided to support the contention that a trial burn is not needed. The data should include those items listed in (f)(iii)(A) of this subsection. This analysis should specify the principal organic dangerous constituents (PODCs) which the applicant has identified in the waste for which a permit is sought, and any differences from the PODCs in the waste for which burn data are provided;
(D) The design and operating conditions of the incinerator unit to be used, compared with that for which comparative burn data are available;
(E) A description of the results submitted from any previously conducted trial burn(s) including:
(I) Sampling and analysis techniques used to calculate performance standards in WAC 173-303-670(4); and
(II) Methods and results of monitoring temperatures, waste feed rates, carbon monoxide, and an appropriate indicator of combustion gas velocity (including a statement concerning the precision and accuracy of this measurement);
(F) The expected incinerator operation information to demonstrate compliance with WAC 173-303-670 (4) and (6), including:
(I) Expected carbon monoxide (CO) level in the stack exhaust gas;
(II) Waste feed rate;
(III) Combustion zone temperature;
(IV) Indication of combustion gas velocity;
(V) Expected stack gas volume, flow rate, and temperature;
(VI) Computed residence time for waste in the combustion zone;
(VII) Expected hydrochloric acid removal efficiency;
(VIII) Expected fugitive emissions and their control procedures; and
(IX) Proposed waste feed cutoff limits based on the identified significant operating parameters;
(G) Such supplemental information as the department finds necessary to achieve the purposes of this subsection;
(H) Waste analysis data, including that submitted in (f)(iii)(A) of this subsection, sufficient to allow the department to specify as permit principal organic dangerous constituents (permit PODCs) those constituents for which destruction and removal efficiencies will be required; and
(I) Test protocols and sampling and analytical data to demonstrate the designation status under WAC 173-303-070 of:
(I) Incinerator ash residues, if any; and
(II) Residues from the air pollution control devices.
(iv) The department will approve a permit application without a trial burn if the department finds that:
(A) The wastes are sufficiently similar; and
(B) The incinerator units are sufficiently similar, and the data from other trial burns are adequate to specify (under WAC 173-303-670(6)) operating conditions that will ensure that the performance standards in WAC 173-303-670(4) will be met by the incinerator.
(v) When an owner or operator of a dangerous waste incineration unit becomes subject to dangerous waste permit requirements after October 12, 2005, or when an owner or operator of an existing dangerous waste incinerator unit demonstrates compliance with the air emission standards and limitations in 40 C.F.R. Part 63, subpart EEE (that is, by conducting a comprehensive performance test and submitting a Notification of Compliance under 40 C.F.R. 63.1207(j) and 63.1210(d) documenting compliance with all applicable requirements of 40 C.F.R. Part 63, subpart EEE), the requirements of this subsection do not apply, except those provisions the department determines are necessary to ensure compliance with WAC 173-303-670 (6)(a) and (c) if you elect to comply with 40 C.F.R. 270.235 (a)(1)(i), which is incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-841, to minimize emissions of toxic compounds from startup, shutdown, and malfunction events. Nevertheless, the department may apply the provisions of this subsection, on a case-by-case basis, for purposes of information collection in accordance with WAC 173-303-800(11) and 173-303-815 (2)(b)(ii). Note that 40 C.F.R. Part 63 subpart EEE is incorporated by reference at WAC 173-400-075 (5)(a). If you are subject to 40 C.F.R. Part 63 you must get an air permit from ecology or the local air authority.
(g) Specific Part B information requirements for land treatment facilities. Except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-600(3), owners and operators of facilities that use land treatment to dispose of dangerous waste must provide the following additional information:
(i) A description of plans to conduct a treatment demonstration as required under WAC 173-303-655(3). The description must include the following information:
(A) The wastes for which the demonstration will be made and the potential dangerous constituents in the waste;
(B) The data sources to be used to make the demonstration (e.g., literature, laboratory data, field data, or operating data);
(C) Any specific laboratory or field test that will be conducted, including:
(I) The type of test (e.g., column leaching, degradation);
(II) Materials and methods, including analytical procedures;
(III) Expected time for completion; and
(IV) Characteristics of the unit that will be simulated in the demonstration, including treatment zone characteristics, climatic conditions, and operating practices;
(ii) A description of a land treatment program, as required under WAC 173-303-655(2). This information must be submitted with the plans for the treatment demonstration, and updated following the treatment demonstration. The land treatment program must address the following items:
(A) The wastes to be land treated;
(B) Design measures and operating practices necessary to maximize treatment in accordance with WAC 173-303-655 (4)(a) including:
(I) Waste application method and rate;
(II) Measures to control soil pH;
(III) Enhancement of microbial or chemical reactions; and
(IV) Control of moisture content;
(C) Provisions for unsaturated zone monitoring, including:
(I) Sampling equipment, procedures, and frequency;
(II) Procedures for selecting sampling locations;
(III) Analytical procedures;
(IV) Chain of custody control;
(V) Procedures for establishing background values;
(VI) Statistical methods for interpreting results; and
(VII) The justification for any dangerous constituents recommended for selection as principal dangerous constituents, in accordance with the criteria for such selection in WAC 173-303-655 (6)(a);
(D) A list of dangerous constituents reasonably expected to be in, or derived from, the wastes to be land treated based on waste analysis performed pursuant to WAC 173-303-300;
(E) The proposed dimensions of the treatment zone;
(iii) A description of how the unit is or will be designed, constructed, operated, and maintained in order to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-655(4). This submission must address the following items:
(A) Control of run-on;
(B) Collection and control of runoff;
(C) Minimization of runoff of dangerous constituents from the treatment zone;
(D) Management of collection and holding facilities associated with run-on and runoff control systems;
(E) Periodic inspection of the unit. This information should be included in the inspection plan submitted under (a)(v) of this subsection; and
(F) Control of wind dispersal of particulate matter, if applicable;
(iv) If food-chain crops are to be grown in or on the treatment zone of the land treatment unit, a description of how the demonstration required under WAC 173-303-655(5) will be conducted including:
(A) Characteristics of the food-chain crop for which the demonstration will be made;
(B) Characteristics of the waste, treatment zone, and waste application method and rate to be used in the demonstration;
(C) Procedures for crop growth, sample collection, sample analysis, and data evaluation;
(D) Characteristics of the comparison crop including the location and conditions under which it was or will be grown; and
(E) If cadmium is present in the land treated waste, a description of how the requirements of WAC 173-303-655 (5)(b) will be complied with;
(v) A description of the vegetative cover to be applied to closed portions of the facility, and a plan for maintaining such cover during the post-closure care period, as required under WAC 173-303-655 (8)(a)(viii) and (c)(ii). This information should be included in the closure plan and, where applicable, the post-closure care plan submitted under (a)(xiii) of this subsection;
(vi) If ignitable or reactive wastes will be placed in or on the treatment zone, an explanation of how the requirements of WAC 173-303-655(9) will be complied with; and
(vii) If incompatible wastes, or incompatible wastes and materials, will be placed in or on the same treatment zone, an explanation of how WAC 173-303-655(10) will be complied with.
(viii) Where applicable, a waste management plan for Dangerous Waste Nos. F020, F021, F022, F023, F026, or F027 describing how a land treatment facility is or will be designed, constructed, operated, and maintained to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-655(12). This submission must address the following items as specified in WAC 173-303-655(12):
(A) The volume, physical, and chemical characteristics of the wastes, including their potential to migrate through soil or to volatilize or escape into the atmosphere;
(B) The attenuative properties of underlying and surrounding soils or other materials;
(C) The mobilizing properties of other materials codisposed with these wastes; and
(D) The effectiveness of additional treatment, design, or monitoring techniques.
(h) Specific Part B information requirements for landfills. Except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-600(3), owners and operators of facilities that dispose of dangerous waste in landfills must provide the following additional information;
(i) A list of the dangerous wastes placed or to be placed in each landfill or landfill cell;
(ii) Detailed plans and an engineering report describing how the landfill is designed, and is or will be constructed, operated and maintained to comply with the requirements of WAC 173-303-335, 173-303-665 (2), (8) and (9) addressing the following items:
(A)(I) The liner system (except for an existing portion of a landfill), if the landfill must meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-665 (2)(a), including the independent qualified registered professional engineer's certification required by WAC 173-303-665 (2)(a)(i). If an exemption from the requirements for a liner and a leachate collection and removal system is sought, as provided by WAC 173-303-665 (2)(b), submit detailed plans and engineering and hydrogeologic reports, as appropriate, describing alternate designs and operating practices that will, in conjunction with location aspects, prevent the migration of any dangerous constituent into the groundwater or surface water at any future time;
(II) The double liner and leak (leachate) detection, collection, and removal system, if the landfill must meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-665 (2)(h). If an exemption from the requirements for double liners and a leak detection, collection, and removal system or alternative design is sought as provided by WAC 173-303-665 (2)(j), (k) or (l), submit appropriate information;
(III) If the leak detection system is located in a saturated zone, submit detailed plans and an engineering report explaining the leak detection system design and operation, and the location of the saturated zone in relation to the leak detection system;
(IV) The construction quality assurance (CQA) plan if required under WAC 173-303-335;
(V) Proposed action leakage rate, with rationale, if required under WAC 173-303-665(8), and response action plan, if required under 173-303-665(9);
(B) Control of run-on;
(C) Control of runoff;
(D) Management of collection and holding facilities associated with run-on and runoff control systems; and
(E) Control of wind dispersal of particulate matter, where applicable;
(iii) Reserve.
(iv) A description of how each landfill, including the double liner system, leachate collection and removal system, cover systems, and appurtenances for control for run-on and runoff will be inspected in order to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-665(4). This information must be included in the inspection plan submitted under (a)(v) of this subsection;
(v) Detailed plans and an engineering report describing the final cover which will be applied to each landfill or landfill cell at closure in accordance with WAC 173-303-665 (6)(a), and a description of how each landfill will be maintained and monitored after closure in accordance with WAC 173-303-665 (6)(b) and (c). This information should be included in the closure and post-closure plans submitted under (a)(xiii) of this subsection;
(vi) If incompatible wastes, or incompatible wastes and materials will be landfilled, an explanation of how WAC 173-303-665(7) will be complied with;
(vii) A description of how each landfill will be designed and operated in order to comply with WAC 173-303-140.
(i) Specific Part B information requirements for miscellaneous units. Except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-680(1), owners and operators of facilities that treat, store, or dispose of dangerous waste in miscellaneous units must provide the following additional information:
(i) A detailed description of the unit being used or proposed for use, including the following:
(A) Physical characteristics, materials of construction, and dimensions of the unit;
(B) Detailed plans and engineering reports describing how the unit will be located, designed, constructed, operated, maintained, monitored, inspected, and closed to comply with the requirements of WAC 173-303-680 (2) and (3); and
(C) For disposal units, a detailed description of the plans to comply with the post-closure requirements of WAC 173-303-680(4).
(ii) Detailed hydrologic, geologic, and meteorologic assessments and land-use maps for the region surrounding the site that address and ensure compliance of the unit with each factor in the environmental performance standards of WAC 173-303-680(2). If the applicant can demonstrate that he does not violate the environmental performance standards of WAC 173-303-680(2) and the department agrees with such demonstration, preliminary hydrologic, geologic, and meteorologic assessments will suffice.
(iii) Information on the potential pathways of exposure of humans or environmental receptors to dangerous waste or dangerous constituents and on the potential magnitude and nature of such exposures.
(iv) For any treatment unit, a report on a demonstration of the effectiveness of the treatment based on laboratory or field data.
(v) Any additional information determined by the department to be necessary for evaluation of compliance of the unit with the environmental performance standards of WAC 173-303-680(2).
(j) Specific Part B information requirements for process vents. Except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-600(3), owners and operators of facilities that have process vents to which WAC 173-303-690 applies must provide the following additional information:
(i) For facilities that cannot install a closed-vent system and control device to comply with the provisions of WAC 173-303-690 on the effective date that the facility becomes subject to the provisions of WAC 173-303-690 or 40 C.F.R. 265 Subpart AA incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-400 (3)(a), an implementation schedule as specified in 40 C.F.R. section 264.1033 (a)(2).
(ii) Documentation of compliance with the process vent standards in 40 C.F.R. section 264.1032, including:
(A) Information and data identifying all affected process vents, annual throughput and operating hours of each affected unit, estimated emission rates for each affected vent and for the overall facility (i.e., the total emissions for all affected vents at the facility), and the approximate location within the facility of each affected unit (e.g., identify the dangerous waste management units on a facility plot plan).
(B) Information and data supporting estimates of vent emissions and emission reduction achieved by add-on control devices based on engineering calculations or source tests. For the purpose of determining compliance, estimates of vent emissions and emission reductions must be made using operating parameter values (e.g., temperatures, flow rates, or concentrations) that represent the conditions that exist when the waste management unit is operating at the highest load or capacity level reasonably expected to occur.
(C) Information and data used to determine whether or not a process vent is subject to the requirements of 40 C.F.R. section 264.1032.
(iii) Where an owner or operator applies for permission to use a control device other than a thermal vapor incinerator, catalytic vapor incinerator, flare, boiler, process heater, condenser, or carbon adsorption system to comply with the requirements of 40 C.F.R. 264.1032, and chooses to use test data to determine the organic removal efficiency or the total organic compound concentration achieved by the control device, a performance test plan as specified in 40 C.F.R. 264.1035 (b)(3).
(iv) Documentation of compliance with 40 C.F.R. 264.1033, including:
(A) A list of all information references and sources used in preparing the documentation.
(B) Records, including the dates, of each compliance test required by 40 C.F.R. 264.1033(k).
(C) A design analysis, specifications, drawings, schematics, and piping and instrumentation diagrams based on the appropriate sections of "APTI Course 415: Control of Gaseous Emissions" (incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-110 (3)(g)(viii)) or other engineering texts acceptable to the department that present basic control device information. The design analysis must address the vent stream characteristics and control device operation parameters as specified in 40 C.F.R. 264.1035 (b)(4)(iii).
(D) A statement signed and dated by the owner or operator certifying that the operating parameters used in the design analysis reasonably represent the conditions that exist when the dangerous waste management unit is or would be operating at the highest load or capacity level reasonably expected to occur.
(E) A statement signed and dated by the owner or operator certifying that the control device is designed to operate at an efficiency of 95 weight percent or greater unless the total organic emission limits of 40 C.F.R. 264.1032(a) for affected process vents at the facility can be attained by a control device involving vapor recovery at an efficiency less than 95 weight percent.
(k) Specific Part B information requirements for equipment. Except as otherwise provided in WAC 173-303-600(3), owners and operators of facilities that have equipment to which WAC 173-303-691 applies must provide the following additional information:
(i) For each piece of equipment to which WAC 173-303-691 applies:
(A) Equipment identification number and dangerous waste management unit identification.
(B) Approximate locations within the facility (e.g., identify the dangerous waste management unit on a facility plot plan).
(C) Type of equipment (e.g., a pump or pipeline valve).
(D) Percent by weight total organics in the hazardous waste stream at the equipment.
(E) Hazardous waste state at the equipment (e.g., gas/vapor or liquid).
(F) Method of compliance with the standard (e.g., "monthly leak detection and repair" or "equipped with dual mechanical seals").
(ii) For facilities that cannot install a closed-vent system and control device to comply with the provisions of WAC 173-303-691 on the effective date that the facility becomes subject to the provisions of WAC 173-303-691 or 40 C.F.R. Part 265 Subpart BB incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-400 (3)(a), an implementation schedule as specified in 40 C.F.R. 264.1033 (a)(2).
(iii) Where an owner or operator applies for permission to use a control device other than a thermal vapor incinerator, catalytic vapor incinerator, flare, boiler, process heater, condenser, or carbon adsorption system and chooses to use test data to determine the organic removal efficiency or the total organic compound concentration achieved by the control device, a performance test plan as specified in 40 C.F.R. section 264.1035 (b)(3).
(iv) Documentation that demonstrates compliance with the equipment standards in 40 C.F.R. sections 264.1052 to 264.1059. This documentation will contain the records required under 40 C.F.R. 264.1064. The department may request further documentation before deciding if compliance has been demonstrated.
(v) Documentation to demonstrate compliance with 40 C.F.R. section 264.1060 will include the following information:
(A) A list of all information references and sources used in preparing the documentation.
(B) Records, including the dates, of each compliance test required by 40 C.F.R. 264.1033(j).
(C) A design analysis, specifications, drawings, schematics, and piping and instrumentation diagrams based on the appropriate sections of "ATPI Course 415: Control of Gaseous Emissions" (incorporated by reference as specified in WAC 173-303-110 (3)(g)(viii)) or other engineering texts acceptable to the department that present basic control device information. The design analysis must address the vent stream characteristics and control device operation parameters as specified in 40 C.F.R. 264.1035 (b)(4)(iii).
(D) A statement signed and dated by the owner or operator certifying that the operating parameters used in the design analysis reasonably represent the conditions that exist when the dangerous waste management unit is operating at the highest load or capacity level reasonably expected to occur.
(E) A statement signed and dated by the owner or operator certifying that the control device is designed to operate at an efficiency of 95 weight percent or greater.
(l) Special Part B information requirements for drip pads.
Except as otherwise provided by WAC 173-303-600(3), owners and operators of dangerous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facilities that collect, store, or treat hazardous waste on drip pads must provide the following additional information:
(i) A list of hazardous wastes placed or to be placed on each drip pad.
(ii) If an exemption is sought to WAC 173-303-645, as provided by WAC 173-303-645(1), detailed plans and an engineering report describing how the requirements of WAC 173-303-645 (1)(b) will be met.
(iii) Detailed plans and an engineering report describing how the drip pad is or will be designed, constructed, operated and maintained to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-675(4), including the as-built drawings and specifications. This submission must address the following items as specified in WAC 173-303-675(2):
(A) The design characteristics of the drip pad;
(B) The liner system;
(C) The leakage detection system, including the leak detection system and how it is designed to detect the failure of the drip pad or the presence of any releases of hazardous waste or accumulated liquid at the earliest practicable time;
(D) Practices designed to maintain drip pads;
(E) The associated collection system;
(F) Control of run-on to the drip pad;
(G) Control of runoff from the drip pad;
(H) The interval at which drippage and other materials will be removed from the associated collection system and a statement demonstrating that the interval will be sufficient to prevent overflow onto the drip pad;
(I) Procedures for cleaning the drip pad at least once every seven days to ensure the removal of any accumulated residues of waste or other materials, including but not limited to rinsing, washing with detergents or other appropriate solvents, or steam cleaning and provisions for documenting the date, time, and cleaning procedure used each time the pad is cleaned.
(J) Operating practices and procedures that will be followed to ensure that tracking of hazardous waste or waste constituents off the drip pad due to activities by personnel or equipment is minimized;
(K) Procedures for ensuring that, after removal from the treatment vessel, treated wood from pressure and nonpressure processes is held on the drip pad until drippage has ceased, including recordkeeping practices;
(L) Provisions for ensuring that collection and holding units associated with the run-on and runoff control systems are emptied or otherwise managed as soon as possible after storms to maintain design capacity of the system;
(M) If treatment is carried out on the drip pad, details of the process equipment used, and the nature and quality of the residuals.
(N) A description of how each drip pad, including appurtenances for control of run-on and runoff, will be inspected in order to meet the requirements of WAC 173-303-675(4). This information should be included in the inspection plan submitted under (a)(v) of this subsection.
(O) A certification signed by an independent qualified, registered professional engineer, stating that the drip pad design meets the requirements of WAC 173-303-675 (4)(a) through (f).
(P) A description of how hazardous waste residues and contaminated materials will be removed from the drip pad at closure, as required under WAC 173-303-675 (6)(a). For any waste not to be removed from the drip pad upon closure, the owner or operator must submit detailed plans and an engineering report describing how WAC 173-303-665(6) will be complied with. This information should be included in the closure plan and, where applicable, the post-closure plan submitted under (a)(xiii) of this subsection.
(m) Specific Part B information requirements for air emission controls for tanks, surface impoundments, and containers (Subpart CC) at 40 C.F.R. 270.27 are incorporated by reference.
(n) When an owner or operator of a cement kiln, lightweight aggregate kiln, solid fuel boiler, liquid fuel boiler or hydrochloric acid production furnace demonstrates compliance with the air emission standards and limitations in 40 C.F.R. Part 63, subpart EEE (i.e., by conducting a comprehensive performance test and submitting a Notification of Compliance under 40 C.F.R. 63.1207(j) and 63.1210(b) documenting compliance with all applicable requirements of Part 63, subpart EEE), the requirements of this subsection do not apply, except those provisions the director determines are necessary to ensure compliance with 40 C.F.R. 266.102 (e)(1) and 266.102 (e)(2)(iii) if you elect to comply with 40 C.F.R. 270.235 (a)(1)(i), which is incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-841, to minimize emissions of toxic compounds from startup, shutdown, and malfunction events. Nevertheless, the director may apply the provisions of this subsection, on a case-by-case basis, for purposes of information collection in accordance with WAC 173-303-800(11) and 173-303-815 (2)(b)(ii).
(o) For post-closure permits, the owner or operator is required to submit only the information specified in (a)(i), (iv), (v), (vi), (xi), (xiii), (xiv), (xvi), (xviii), (xx), (xxiii) of this subsection, unless the department determines that additional information from (a), (c), (d), (e), (g), and (h) of this subsection is necessary. The owner or operator is required to submit the same information when an alternative authority is used in lieu of a post-closure permit as provided in WAC 173-303-800(12).
(5) Construction. A person may begin physical construction of a new facility, or of new portions of an existing facility if the new portions would amount to reconstruction under interim status (WAC 173-303-805(7)), only after complying with WAC 173-303-281, submitting Part A and Part B of the permit application and receiving a final facility permit. All permit applications must be submitted at least one hundred eighty days before physical construction is expected to begin.
(6) Reapplications. Any dangerous waste facility with an effective final facility permit must submit a new application one hundred eighty days prior to the expiration date of the effective permit, unless the department grants a later date provided that such date will never be later than the expiration date of the effective permit.
Note:
See public notice requirements at WAC 173-303-281(5).
(7) Continuation of expiring permits.
(a) When the owner/operator submits a timely application for a final facility permit and the application is determined by the department to be complete pursuant to subsection (8) of this section, the facility is allowed to continue operating under the expiring or expired permit until the effective date of the new permit.
(b) When the facility is not in compliance with the conditions of the expiring or expired permit, the department may choose to do any of the following:
(i) Initiate enforcement action based upon the permit which has been continued;
(ii) Issue a notice of intent to deny the new permit. If the permit is denied, the owner or operator would then be required to cease the activities authorized by the continued permit or be subject to enforcement action for operating without a permit;
(iii) Issue a new permit with appropriate conditions; and/or
(iv) Take other actions authorized by this chapter.
(8) Completeness. The department will not issue a final facility permit before receiving a complete application, except for permits by rule or emergency permits. An application for a permit is complete when the department receives an application form and any supplemental information which are completed to the department's satisfaction. The department may consider an application for a permit to be complete notwithstanding the failure of the owner or operator to submit the exposure information described in subsection (12) of this section. The department may deny a permit for the active life of a dangerous waste management facility or unit before receiving a complete application for a permit.
(9) Recordkeeping. Applicants must keep records of all data used to complete the permit applications, and any supplemental information submitted to the department for a period of at least three years from the date the application is signed.
(10) General permit conditions. All final facility permits will contain general permit conditions described in WAC 173-303-810.
(11) Permit duration.
(a) Final facility permits will be effective for a fixed term not to exceed ten years.
(b) The department may issue any final facility permit for a duration that is less than the full allowable term.
(c) The term of a final facility permit will not be extended beyond ten years, unless otherwise authorized under subsection (7) of this section.
(d) Each permit for a land disposal facility will be reviewed by the department five years after the date of permit issuance or reissuance and will be modified as necessary, as provided in WAC 173-303-830(3).
(12) Exposure information. Any Part B permit application submitted by an owner or operator of a facility that stores, treats, or disposes dangerous waste in a surface impoundment or a landfill must be accompanied by information, reasonably ascertainable by the owner or operator, on the potential for the public to be exposed to dangerous wastes or dangerous constituents through releases related to the unit. At a minimum, such information must address:
(a) Reasonably foreseeable potential releases from both normal operations and accidents at the unit, including releases associated with transportation to or from the unit;
(b) The potential pathways of human exposure to dangerous waste or constituents resulting from the releases described under (a) of this subsection; and
(c) The potential magnitude and nature of the human exposure resulting from such releases.
(13) Grounds for denial. A permit application will be denied pursuant to the procedures in WAC 173-303-840 if it is determined that the proposed location and/or activity endangers public health and the environment as demonstrated by the permit applicant's failure to satisfy the performance standards of WAC 173-303-283.
(14) Permit changes. All final facility permits will be subject to the requirements of permit changes, WAC 173-303-830.
(15) Procedures for decision making. Issuance of final facility permits will be subject to the procedures for decision making described in WAC 173-303-840.
(16) Other requirements for final recycling facility permits. In lieu of issuing a final recycling facility permit, the department may, after providing opportunity for public comment in accordance with WAC 173-303-840, defer to a permit already issued under other statutory authority administered by the department (such as the State Water Pollution Control Act, chapter 90.48 RCW, the State Clean Air Act, chapter 70.94 RCW, etc.) which incorporates the requirements of this section, and WAC 173-303-500 through 173-303-525 for recycling facilities.
(17)(a) If the department concludes, based on one or more of the factors listed in (a)(i) through (ix) of this subsection, that compliance with the standards of 40 C.F.R. Part 63, subpart EEE alone may not be protective of human health or the environment, the department will require the additional information or assessment(s) necessary to determine whether additional controls are necessary to ensure protection of human health and the environment. This includes information necessary to evaluate the potential risk to human health and/or the environment resulting from both direct and indirect exposure pathways. The department may also require a permittee or applicant to provide information necessary to determine whether such an assessment(s) should be required.
The department will base the evaluation of whether compliance with the standards of 40 C.F.R. Part 63, subpart EEE alone is protective of human health or the environment on factors relevant to the potential risk from a hazardous waste combustion unit, including, as appropriate, any of the following factors:
(i) Particular site-specific considerations such as proximity to receptors (such as schools, hospitals, nursing homes, day care centers, parks, community activity centers, or other potentially sensitive receptors), unique dispersion patterns, etc.;
(ii) Identities and quantities of emissions of persistent, bioaccumulative or toxic pollutants considering enforceable controls in place to limit those pollutants;
(iii) Identities and quantities of nondioxin products of incomplete combustion most likely to be emitted and to pose significant risk based on known toxicities (confirmation of which should be made through emissions testing);
(iv) Identities and quantities of other off-site sources of pollutants in proximity of the facility that significantly influence interpretation of a facility-specific risk assessment;
(v) Presence of significant ecological considerations, such as the proximity of a particularly sensitive ecological area;
(vi) Volume and types of wastes, for example wastes containing highly toxic constituents;
(vii) Other on-site sources of hazardous air pollutants that significantly influence interpretation of the risk posed by the operation of the source in question;
(viii) Adequacy of any previously conducted risk assessment, given any subsequent changes in conditions likely to affect risk; and
(ix) Such other factors as may be appropriate.
(b) Reserved.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.105 RCW. WSR 15-01-123 (Order 13-07), § 173-303-806, filed 12/18/14, effective 1/18/15. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105 and 70.105D RCW. WSR 09-14-105 (Order 07-12), § 173-303-806, filed 6/30/09, effective 7/31/09. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105, 70.105D, and 15.54 RCW and RCW 70.105.007. WSR 04-24-065 (Order 03-10), § 173-303-806, filed 11/30/04, effective 1/1/05. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105 and 70.105D RCW. WSR 03-07-049 (Order 02-03), § 173-303-806, filed 3/13/03, effective 4/13/03. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105, 70.105D, 15.54 RCW and RCW 70.105.007. WSR 00-11-040 (Order 99-01), § 173-303-806, filed 5/10/00, effective 6/10/00. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105 and 70.105D RCW. WSR 98-03-018 (Order 97-03), § 173-303-806, filed 1/12/98, effective 2/12/98; WSR 95-22-008 (Order 94-30), § 173-303-806, filed 10/19/95, effective 11/19/95; WSR 94-01-060 (Order 92-33), § 173-303-806, filed 12/8/93, effective 1/8/94. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105 and 70.105D RCW, 40 C.F.R. Part 271.3 and RCRA § 3006 (42 U.S.C. 3251). WSR 91-07-005 (Order 90-42), § 173-303-806, filed 3/7/91, effective 4/7/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.21A.080 and 70.105.210 et seq. WSR 90-20-016, § 173-303-806, filed 9/21/90, effective 10/22/90. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.105 RCW. WSR 89-02-059 (Order 88-24), § 173-303-806, filed 1/4/89; WSR 88-18-083 (Order 88-29), § 173-303-806, filed 9/6/88; WSR 88-07-039 (Order 87-37), § 173-303-806, filed 3/11/88; WSR 87-14-029 (Order DE-87-4), § 173-303-806, filed 6/26/87; WSR 86-12-057 (Order DE-85-10), § 173-303-806, filed 6/3/86; WSR 84-09-088 (Order DE 83-36), § 173-303-806, filed 4/18/84.]
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