173-200-030  <<  173-200-040 >>   173-200-050

WAC 173-200-040

Criteria.

(1) Groundwaters in the state of Washington support many different beneficial uses. The purpose of these criteria is to establish maximum contaminant concentrations for the protection of a variety of beneficial uses of Washington's groundwater.
(a) Drinking water is the beneficial use generally requiring the highest quality of groundwater.
(b) Providing protection to the level of drinking water standards will protect a great variety of existing and future beneficial uses.
(c) Some groundwaters of the state support environmental systems with existing and future beneficial uses requiring more stringent protection than that provided by human health based criteria. These groundwaters and dependent uses will be protected by either or both of the following:
(i) Designation of an area and its associated groundwater as a special protection area in accordance with WAC 173-200-090.
(ii) Establishment of enforcement limits as close to the natural groundwater quality as possible for activities that may adversely affect those groundwaters in accordance with WAC 173-200-050.
(d) The use of criteria based on drinking water quality shall in no way be interpreted to mean that all groundwaters are used for drinking water or that all groundwaters are presently suitable for drinking water.
(2) The following criteria shall apply to all groundwaters in the state of Washington:
(a) Groundwater concentrations shall not exceed the criteria listed in Table 1, except as described in WAC 173-200-050 (3)(b).
(b) For the primary and secondary contaminants and radionuclides listed in Table 1, the criteria shall be the most stringent concentration of the following and those listed in Table 1:
(i) Maximum contaminant level goals;
(ii) Maximum contaminant levels; and
(iii) State maximum contaminant levels published in chapter 248-54 WAC as presently promulgated or subsequently amended or repromulgated.
The criteria for primary and secondary contaminants and radionuclide contaminants in Table 1 shall be amended as the federal and state rules are amended and without amendment of this chapter.
(c) For carcinogens listed in Table 1, the criteria are the concentrations that are anticipated to result in a total incremental human cancer risk of less than 1 in 1,000,000, and were estimated using the following equation and standard exposure assumptions:
Groundwater Criteria =
(ug/1)
 
RISK x BW x LIFE x UCF
CPF x DWIR x DUR
Where:
 
 
RISK
=
Human cancer risk level (1 in 1,000,000)
BW
=
Body Weight (70 kg)
LIFE
=
Lifetime (70 years)
UCF
=
Unit conversion factor (1,000 ug/mg)
CPF
=
Cancer potency factor as published in the IRIS
database (1/mg/kg/day)
DWIR
=
Drinking water ingestion rate (2.0 liters/day)
DUR
=
Duration of exposure (30 years)
For volatile carcinogens, inhalation exposure from showering was incorporated into the criteria by doubling the drinking water ingestion rate.
(3) For contaminants for which no numeric criteria have been established, enforcement limits shall be established in accordance with WAC 173-200-050.
TABLE 1
GROUNDWATER QUALITY CRITERIA
CONTAMINANT
CRITERION
I.
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY CONTAMINANTS AND
RADIONUCLIDES
 
A.
PRIMARY CONTAMINANTS
Barium*
1.0
milligrams/
liter (mg/1)
 
 
Cadmium*
0.01
mg/1
 
 
Chromium*
0.05
mg/1
 
 
Lead*
0.05
mg/1
 
 
Mercury*
0.002
mg/1
 
 
Selenium*
0.01
mg/1
 
 
Silver*
0.05
mg/1
 
 
Fluoride
4
mg/1
 
 
Nitrate (as N)
10
mg/1
 
 
Endrin
0.0002
mg/1
 
 
Methoxychlor
0.1
mg/1
 
 
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
0.20
mg/1
 
 
2-4 D
0.10
mg/1
 
 
2,4,5-TP Silvex
0.01
mg/1
 
 
Total Coliform Bacteria
1/100
ml
 
 
B.
SECONDARY CONTAMINANTS
 
 
Copper*
1.0
mg/1
 
 
Iron*
0.30
mg/1
 
 
Manganese*
0.05
mg/1
 
 
Zinc*
5.0
mg/1
 
 
Chloride
250
mg/1
 
 
Sulfate
250
mg/1
 
 
Total Dissolved Solids
500
mg/1
 
 
Foaming Agents
0.5
mg/1
 
 
pH
6.5-8.5
 
 
 
Corrosivity
noncorrosive
 
 
 
Color
15 color units
 
Odor
3 threshold
odor units
 
 
 
C.
RADIONUCLIDES
Gross Alpha Particle Activity
15
pico Curie/
liter (pCi/1)
Gross Beta Particle Radioactivity
Gross Beta Activity
Tritium
Strontium-90
50
20,000
8
pCi/l
pCi/l
pCi/l
 
 
Radium 226 & 228
5
pCi/1
 
 
Radium -226
3
pCi/1
 
II. CARCINOGENS
Acrylamide
0.02
micrograms/
liter ug/1
 
 
Acrylonitrile
0.07
ug/1
 
 
Aldrin
0.005
ug/1
 
 
Aniline
14
ug/1
 
 
Aramite
3
ug/1
 
 
Arsenic*
0.05
(ug/1)
 
 
Azobenzene
0.7
ug/1
 
 
Benzene
1.0
ug/1
 
 
Benzidine
0.0004
ug/1
 
 
Benzo(a)pyrene
0.008
ug/1
 
 
Benzotrichloride
0.007
ug/1
 
 
Benzyl chloride
0.5
ug/1
 
 
Bis(chloroethyl)ether
0.07
ug/1
 
 
Bis(chloromethyl)ether
0.0004
ug/1
 
 
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
6.0
ug/1
 
 
Bromodichloromethane
0.3
ug/1
 
 
Bromoform
5
ug/1
 
 
Carbazole
5
ug/1
 
 
Carbon tetrachloride
0.3
ug/1
 
 
Chlordane
0.06
ug/1
 
 
Chlorodibromomethane
0.5
ug/1
 
 
Chloroform
7.0
ug/1
 
 
4 Chloro-2-methyl aniline
0.1
ug/1
4 Chloro-2-methyl analine
hydrochloride
0.2
ug/1
 
 
o-Chloronitrobenzene
3
ug/1
 
 
p-Chloronitrobenzene
5
ug/1
 
 
Chlorthalonil
30
ug/1
 
 
Diallate
1
ug/1
 
 
DDT (includes DDE and DDD)
0.3
ug/1
 
 
1,2 Dibromoethane
0.001
ug/1
 
 
1,4 Dichlorobenzene
4
ug/1
 
 
3,3' Dichlorobenzidine
0.2
ug/1
 
 
1,1 Dichloroethane
1.0
ug/1
1,2 Dichloroethane
(ethylene chloride)
0.5
ug/1
 
 
1,2 Dichloropropane
0.6
ug/1
 
 
1,3 Dichloropropene
0.2
ug/1
 
 
Dichlorvos
0.3
ug/1
 
 
Dieldrin
0.005
ug/1
 
 
3,3' Dimethoxybenzidine
6
ug/1
 
 
3,3 Dimethylbenzidine
0.007
 
 
 
1,2 Dimethylhydrazine
60
ug/1
 
 
2,4 Dinitrotoluene
0.1
ug/1
 
 
2,6 Dinitrotoluene
0.1
ug/1
 
 
1,4 Dioxane
7.0
ug/1
 
 
1,2 Diphenylhydrazine
0.09
ug/1
 
 
Direct Black 38
0.009
ug/1
 
 
Direct Blue 6
0.009
ug/1
 
 
Direct Brown 95
0.009
ug/1
 
 
Epichlorohydrin
8
ug/1
 
 
Ethyl acrylate
2
ug/1
 
 
Ethylene dibromide
0.001
ug/1
 
 
Ethylene thiourea
2
ug/1
 
 
Folpet
20
ug/1
 
 
Furazolidone
0.02
ug/1
 
 
Furium
0.002
ug/1
 
 
Furmecyclox
3
ug/1
 
 
Heptachlor
0.02
ug/1
 
 
Heptachlor Epoxide
0.009
ug/1
 
 
Hexachlorobenzene
0.05
ug/1
 
 
Hexachlorocyclohexane (alpha)
0.001
ug/1
 
 
Hexachlorocyclohexane
(technical)
0.05
ug/1
 
 
Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, mix
0.00001
ug/1
 
 
Hydrazine/Hydrazine sulfate
0.03
ug/1
 
 
Lindane
0.06
ug/1
 
 
2 Methoxy-5-nitroaniline
2
ug/1
 
 
2 Methylaniline
0.2
ug/1
 
 
2 Methylaniline hydrochloride
0.5
ug/1
4,4' Methylene bis(N,N'-dimethyl)
aniline
2
ug/1
Methylene chloride
(dichloromethane)
5
ug/1
 
 
Mirex
0.05
ug/1
 
 
Nitrofurazone
0.06
ug/1
 
 
N-Nitrosodiethanolamine
0.03
ug/1
 
 
N-Nitrosodiethylamine
0.0005
ug/1
 
 
N-Nitrosodimethylamine
0.002
ug/1
 
 
N-Nitrosodiphenylamine
17
ug/1
 
 
N-Nitroso-di-n-propylamine
0.01
ug/1
 
 
N-Nitrosopyrrolidine
0.04
ug/1
 
 
N-Nitroso-di-n-butylamine
0.02
ug/1
 
 
N-Nitroso-N-methylethylamine
0.004
ug/1
 
 
PAH
0.01
ug/1
 
 
PBBs
0.01
ug/1
 
 
PCBs
0.01
ug/1
 
 
o-Phenylenediamine
0.005
ug/1
 
 
Propylene oxide
0.01
ug/1
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-
p-dioxin
0.0000006
ug/1
Tetrachloroethylene
(perchloroethylene)
0.8
ug/1
 
 
p,α,α,α-Tetrachlorotoluene
0.004
ug/1
 
 
2,4 Toluenediamine
0.002
ug/1
 
 
o-Toluidine
0.2
ug/1
 
 
Toxaphene
0.08
ug/1
 
 
Trichloroethylene
3
ug/1
 
 
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
4
ug/1
 
 
Trimethyl phosphate
2
ug/1
 
 
Vinyl chloride
0.02
ug/1
 
*metals are measured as total metals
[Statutory Authority: RCW 90.48.035. WSR 90-22-023, § 173-200-040, filed 10/31/90, effective 12/1/90.]
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