HTML has links - PDF has Authentication
110-16-0030  <<  110-16-0035 >>   110-16-0040

PDFWAC 110-16-0035

Health and safety practices.

Providers not related to the child, as described in WAC 110-16-0015 (4)(c), must comply with the following health and safety activity practices training as described in WAC 110-16-0025 and required by the department including, but not limited to, the following health and safety practices:
(1) The prevention and control of infectious diseases;
(2) The prevention of sudden infant death syndrome and safe sleep practices, including sudden infant death syndrome/sudden unexpected infant death syndrome risk reduction;
(3) The prevention of shaken baby syndrome, abusive head trauma, and child maltreatment; and
(4) The recognition and reporting of child abuse and neglect as defined in RCW 26.44.020 and mandatory reporting requirements under RCW 26.44.030.
(5) Medication administration.
(a) A child's parent, or an appointed designee, must provide training to the provider for special medical procedures that the provider may have to administer to the child. This training must be documented and signed by the provider and parent;
(b) The provider must not give medication to any child without written and signed consent from that child's parent or health care provider. The medication must be given according to the directions on the medication label using appropriately cleaned and sanitized medication measuring devices;
(c) The provider must not give or allow others to give any medication to a child for the purpose of sedating the child unless the medication has been prescribed for a specific child for that particular purpose by a health care professional; and
(d) Medication must be stored and maintained as directed on the packaging or prescription label, including applicable refrigeration requirements.
(6) Indoor building and physical premises safety.
(a) The provider must visually scan indoor areas to identify potential child safety hazards and discuss removal or reduction of identified hazards with the parent. If it is not possible for the provider to immediately correct or make a hazard completely inaccessible to a child, the provider must supervise the child to avoid injury from such identified hazard. Child safety hazards include, but are not limited to:
(i) Tobacco and cannabis products and containers holding tobacco and cannabis products or ashes;
(ii) Firearms, guns, weapons, and ammunition;
(iii) Any equipment, material, or objects that may pose a risk of choking, aspiration, or ingestion. For purposes of this section, equipment, material, or objects with a diameter or overall dimension of one and three-quarter inch or less are considered items that may pose a risk of choking, aspiration, or ingestion;
(iv) Straps, strings, cords, wires, or similar items capable of forming a loop around a child's neck that are not being used for a supervised activity;
(v) Poisons, chemicals, toxins, dangerous substances or any product labeled "Keep out of reach of children," including, but not limited to, fuel, lighter fluid, solvents, fertilizer, ice melt product, pool chemicals, pesticides, or insecticides, cleansers and detergents, air freshener or aerosols, sanitizing products, and disinfectants;
(vi) Personal grooming, cosmetics, and hygiene products including, but not limited to, nail polish remover, lotions, creams, toothpaste, powder, shampoo, conditioners, hair gels or hair sprays, bubble bath, or bath additives;
(vii) Alcohol, including closed and open containers;
(viii) Plastic bags and other suffocation hazards;
(ix) Equipment, materials, or products that may be hot enough to injure a child;
(x) Freezers, refrigerators, washers, dryers, compost bins, and other entrapment dangers;
(xi) Uneven walkways, damaged flooring or carpeting, or other tripping hazards;
(xii) Large objects capable of tipping or falling over, such as televisions, dressers, bookshelves, wall cabinets, sideboards or hutches, and wall units;
(xiii) Indoor temperatures less than sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit or greater than eighty-two degrees Fahrenheit;
(xiv) Water accessible to children that may be hotter than one hundred twenty degrees Fahrenheit (the provider should always feel hot water before using on or for a child);
(xv) Windows and stairs accessible to children; and
(xvi) Electrical outlets, power strips, exposed wires, and electrical/extension cords.
(b) During care hours, providers must not themselves, and must not allow others who may be in the presence of the children to:
(i) Possess or use illegal drugs;
(ii) Consume or use alcohol or cannabis products in any form;
(iii) Be under the influence of alcohol, cannabis products in any form, illegal drugs, or misused prescription drugs; and
(iv) Smoke or vape in the home, vehicle, or in close proximity to a child.
(7) Outdoor building and physical premises safety. The provider must visually scan outdoor play areas to identify potential child safety hazards and discuss removal or reduction of identified hazards with the parent. If it is not possible for the provider to immediately correct or make a hazard completely inaccessible to a child, the provider must supervise the child to avoid injury. Outdoor hazards include, but are not limited to:
(a) Outdoor play area or equipment that is not clean, not in good condition, or not maintained or safe for a child of a certain age to use;
(b) Bouncing equipment including, but not limited to, trampolines, rebounders and inflatable equipment. This requirement does not apply to bounce balls designed to be used by individual children;
(c) Toxic plants or plants with poisonous leaves such as foxglove, morning glory, tomato, potato, rhubarb, or poison ivy;
(d) Extreme weather conditions such as:
(i) Heat in excess of one hundred degrees Fahrenheit;
(ii) Cold below twenty degrees Fahrenheit;
(iii) Lightning storm, tornado, hurricane or flooding; and
(iv) Air quality warnings by public health or other authorities.
(e) Bodies of water such as:
(i) Swimming pools when not being used, portable wading pools, hot tubs, spas, and jet tubs;
(ii) Ponds, lakes, storm retention ponds, ditches, fountains, fish ponds, landscape pools, or similar bodies of water; and
(iii) Uncovered wells, septic tanks, below grade storage tanks, farm manure ponds, or other similar hazards.
(f) Streets, alleyways, parking lots or garages.
(8) Emergency preparedness and response planning.
(a) The provider must visually scan indoor and outdoor areas to identify potential fire or burn hazards and discuss the removal or reduction of identified hazards with the parent. If it is not possible for the provider to immediately correct or make identified hazards completely inaccessible to a child, the provider must supervise the child to avoid injury from such identified hazards. Fire or burn hazards include, but are not limited to:
(i) Appliances and any heating device that has a hot surface when in use or still hot after use;
(ii) Open flame devices, candles, matches, and lighters. Open flame devices, candles, matches, and lighters must not be used during care hours; and
(iii) The lack of, or nonworking smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, or other fire prevention equipment.
(b) If there is a fire in the home during care hours, the provider's first responsibility is to evacuate the children in care to a safe gathering spot outside the home and then call 911;
(c) The provider and parent must have an agreed upon written home evacuation plan in the event of fire or an emergency or other disaster. The plan must be updated as needed and include, at a minimum:
(i) A floor plan that shows emergency exit pathways, doors, and windows;
(ii) A description for how the provider will evacuate all of the children, especially those who cannot walk;
(iii) A description for how the provider will account for all of the children in the home;
(iv) A designated, safe gathering spot or alternative short-term location for the children and provider pending arrival of the fire department, emergency response, or the parent;
(v) A description of what to take, such as a first aid kit, medications, water, and food; and
(vi) A description for how parents will be contacted after the emergency is over and arrange for pick-up of children, if needed.
(d) To be properly prepared for a home evacuation or lockdown, the provider must be able to easily access emergency items including, but not limited to:
(i) A first aid kit;
(ii) A working flashlight available for use as an emergency light source and extra batteries if the flashlight is powered by batteries;
(iii) A working telephone; and
(iv) Food, water, and a three-day supply of medication required by individual children.
(e) The provider must practice emergency and home evacuation drills with the children as follows:
(i) Earthquake and home evacuation drills once every six calendar months; and
(ii) A lockdown drill annually.
(9) Child transportation.
(a) Comply with RCW 46.61.687 and other applicable laws that pertain to child restraints and car seats appropriate for the size and age of each child in care;
(b) Drive only with a valid driver's license;
(c) Have in effect a current motor vehicle insurance policy that provides coverage for the driver, the vehicle, and all other occupants;
(d) Ensure that children are accounted for when entering and exiting a vehicle for transport to and from any destination; and
(e) Never leave the children by themselves.
(10) Supervision of children.
(a) The provider must supervise children during care hours. Supervising children requires the provider to engage in specific actions including, but not limited to:
(i) Scanning the environment, looking and listening for both verbal and nonverbal cues to anticipate problems and planning accordingly;
(ii) Positioning oneself to supervise areas accessible to children; and
(iii) Considering the following when deciding whether increased supervision is needed:
(A) Ages of children;
(B) Individual differences and abilities of children;
(C) Layout of the home and play areas; and
(D) Risks associated with the activities children are engaged in.
(b) The provider must provide increased supervision when the children:
(i) Interact with pets or animals;
(ii) Engage in water or sand play;
(iii) Play in an area in close proximity to a body of water;
(iv) Use a route to access an outdoor play area when the area is not next to the home;
(v) Engage in activities in the kitchen;
(vi) Ride on public transportation;
(vii) Engage in outdoor play; and
(viii) Participate in field trips.
(c) The provider must ensure no infant or child is left unattended during:
(i) Diapering;
(ii) Bottle feeding; or
(iii) Tummy time.
(d) The provider must not allow any person other than a child's parent or authorized individual to have unsupervised access to a child during care hours. For the purpose of this section, individuals authorized to have unsupervised access include:
(i) A government representative including emergency responders who have specific and verifiable authority for access; and
(ii) A person, such as a family member, family friend, or the child's therapist or health care provider, authorized in writing or over the telephone by a child's parent.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.216.055, 43.216.065, chapter 43.216 RCW, and 42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq. WSR 19-18-081, § 110-16-0035, filed 9/3/19, effective 10/4/19; WSR 18-20-081, § 110-16-0035, filed 10/1/18, effective 11/1/18.]
Site Contents
Selected content listed in alphabetical order under each group