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Artistic or cultural organizations.
For purposes of business and occupation tax deduction and certain retail sales tax and use tax exemptions, RCW 82.04.4328
expressly defines the term "artistic or cultural organizations" in pertinent part as follows:
". . . the term "artistic or cultural organization" means an organization which is organized and operated exclusively for the purpose of providing artistic or cultural exhibitions, presentations, or performances or cultural or art education programs, . . . for viewing or attendance by the general public. The organization must be a not-for-profit corporation under chapter 24.03
RCW and managed by a governing board of not less than eight individuals none of whom is a paid employee of the organization or by a corporation sole under chapter 24.12
RCW. In addition, to qualify for deduction or exemption from taxation . . . the corporation shall satisfy the following conditions:
(a) No part of its income may be paid directly or indirectly to its members, stockholders, officers, directors, or trustees except in the form of services rendered by the corporation in accordance with its purposes and bylaws;
(b) Salary or compensation paid to its officers and executives must be only for actual services rendered, and at levels comparable to the salary or compensation of like positions within the state;
(c) Assets of the corporation must be irrevocably dedicated to the activities for which the exemption is granted and, on the liquidation, dissolution, or abandonment by the corporation, may not inure directly or indirectly to the benefit of any member or individual except a nonprofit organization, association, or corporation which also would be entitled to the exemption;
(d) The corporation must be duly licensed or certified when licensing or certification is required by law or regulation;
(e) The amounts received that qualify for exemption must be used for the activities for which the exemption is granted;
(f) Services must be available regardless of race, color, national origin, or ancestry; and
(g) The director of revenue shall have access to its books in order to determine whether the corporation is exempt from taxes.
(2) The term "artistic or cultural exhibitions, presentations, or performances or cultural or art education programs" includes and is limited to:
(a) An exhibition or presentation of works of art or objects of cultural or historical significance, such as those commonly displayed in art or history museums;
(b) A musical or dramatic performance or series of performances; or
(c) An educational seminar or program, or series of such programs, offered by the organization to the general public on an artistic, cultural, or historical subject."
Effective July 1, 1985, artistic or cultural organizations, as defined herein, are not subject to business and occupation tax upon amounts derived from conducting any business activities whatever. Formerly, a business and occupation tax deduction was available only for amounts received by such organizations from the United States and its instrumentalities or the state and local government entities (RCW 82.04.4322
); certain manufacturing activities (RCW 82.04.4324
); and tuition fees for artistic or cultural education programs (RCW 82.04.4326
). Under current law, however, the deduction is unrestricted and applies to all activities conducted by such qualifying organizations.
Retail Sales Tax
Artistic or cultural organizations which make any charges for goods or services which are included in the definition of "retail sale" under RCW 82.04.050
, must collect and report the retail sales tax thereon. No sales tax exemption is available for sales by such organizations.
Such organizations are exempt of paying retail sales tax upon their purchases of certain "objects" for the purpose of exhibition or presentation to the general public if the objects are:
(1) Objects of art;
(2) Objects of cultural value;
(3) Objects to be used in the creation of a work of art, other than tools; or
(4) Objects to be used in displaying art objects or presenting artistic or cultural exhibitions or performances. (RCW 82.08.031
The term "objects" is deemed to mean items of tangible personal property. It does not include professional or commercial services rendered by third parties. Where, however, certain services are performed which are merely incidental to sales of tangible personal property, e.g., designing playbills or altering stage curtains which are then sold to qualifying organizations, the total charge therefore will be exempt.
Charges for materials, equipment, and services related to repair, maintenance, or replacement of buildings or structures are not exempt. Thus, e.g., theater seats, aisle carpeting, air conditioning systems, painting of interior or exterior of buildings, and the like are not tax exempt "objects."
Under Washington law exempt sales include rentals of exempt objects.
Examples of objects which may be purchased by qualifying artistic or cultural organizations without payment of retail sales tax are:
a) Tickets, programs, signs, posters, fliers, and playbills printed for particular displays or performances; scenery, costumes, stage, props, scrims, and materials for their construction;
b) Stage lights, filters, control panels, color medium, stage drapes, sets, set paint, gallery exhibition materials, risers, display platforms, and materials for their construction;
c) Sheet music, recordings, musical instruments and musical supplies for the staging of displays and performances;
d) Movie projectors, films, sound systems, video and sound equipment and supplies and computer hardware and standard, prewritten software directly used exclusively in the staging of performances or actual display of art objects.
Examples of objects which may be purchased by qualifying artistic or cultural organizations, upon which the retail sales tax must be paid are:
a) Supplies and equipment for clerical support, including bulk tickets for general use, stationery, typewriters, copy machines, and general office supplies;
b) Theater seats, lobby furniture, carpeting, vending machines, and general supplies for audience or patrons' convenience and use;
c) Shipping and packing materials, crates, boxes, dunnage, labels, tags, and container-related items for transfer or storage of exempt objects;
d) Sewing machines and other durable equipment used to prepare, repair, and maintain exempt objects (such items are deemed to be "tools," rather than exempt objects);
e) Theater or building lighting and utility fixtures and systems, and computer hardware and software not directly and exclusively used in staging performances or actually displaying art objects.
Qualified artistic and cultural organizations may obtain the tax exemptions by providing their suppliers with a written statement in essentially the following form:
I, (buyer's name) , hereby confirm that the items purchased on (date of purchase) , without payment of retail sales tax, from (seller's name) are all objects of art or cultural value or to be used in the creation of such objects or in displaying art objects or presenting artistic or cultural exhibitions or performances.
(signature of authorized purchaser)
for: (name of organization)
(registration no. of organization)
Vendors who accept such certifications in good faith will be excused from the responsibility of collecting and remitting sales tax on such sales.
Under RCW 82.12.031
, the use tax does not apply to the use of any objects for the purposes explained earlier in this rule, and upon which the retail sales tax would be exempt if the objects were purchased in this state. The use tax applies upon all other items of tangible personal property used by artistic or cultural organizations upon which retail sales tax has not been paid.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 82.32.300
. WSR 86-07-006 (Order ET 86-4), § 458-20-249, filed 3/6/86.]