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246-101-120  <<  246-101-201 >>   246-101-205

WAC 246-101-201

Agency filings affecting this section

Notifiable conditions and laboratories.

This section describes the conditions about which Washington's laboratories must notify public health authorities of on a statewide basis. The board finds that the conditions in Table Lab-1 of this section are notifiable for the prevention and control of communicable and noninfectious diseases and conditions in Washington. The board also finds that submission of specimens for many of these conditions will further prevent the spread of disease.
(1) Laboratory directors shall notify public health authorities of positive preliminary test results and positive final test results of the conditions identified in Table Lab-1 of this section as individual case reports and provide specimen submissions following the requirements in WAC 246-101-205, 246-101-210, 246-101-215, 246-101-220, 246-101-225, and 246-101-230.
(2) Local health officers may require additional conditions to be notifiable within the local health officer's jurisdiction.
Table Lab-1 (Conditions Notifiable by Laboratory Directors)
Notifiable Condition
Time Frame for Notification
Notifiable to
Local Health
Department
Notifiable to
Department of Health
Specimen Submission to Department of Health (Type &
Timing)
Arboviruses
(West Nile virus, eastern and western equine encephalitis, dengue, St. Louis encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis, Japanese encephalitis, Powassan, California serogroup, Chikungunya)
2 business days
 
On request
Acute:
IgM positivity
PCR positivity
Viral isolation
 
 
 
 
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax)
Immediately
 
Culture (2 business days)
Blood Lead Level
Elevated Levels – 2 business days
Nonelevated Levels – Monthly
 
 
Bordetella pertussis (Pertussis)
Within 24 hours
 
Culture, when available (2 business days)
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)
2 business days
 
On request
Borrelia hermsii or recurrentis (Relapsing fever, tick- or louse-borne)
Within 24 hours
 
On request
Brucella species (Brucellosis)
Within 24 hours
 
Cultures (2 business days)
Burkholderia mallei and pseudomallei
Immediately
 
Culture (2 business days); additional specimens when available
Campylobacter species (Campylobacteriosis)
2 business days
 
On request
CD4 + (T4) lymphocyte counts and/or CD4 + (T4) (patients aged thirteen or older)
Monthly
Only when the local health department is designated by the Department of Health
√ (Except King County)
 
Chlamydophila psittaci (Psittacosis)
Within 24 hours
 
On request
Chlamydia trachomatis
2 business days
 
 
Clostridium botulinum (Botulism)
Immediately
 
Serum and/or stool; any other specimens available (i.e., foods submitted for suspected foodborne case; debrided tissue submitted for suspected wound botulism) (2 business days)
Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Diphtheria)
Immediately
 
Culture (2 business days)
Coxiella burnetii (Q fever)
Within 24 hours
 
Culture (2 business days)
Cryptococcus non v. neoformans
N/A
N/A
 
Culture (2 business days) or other specimens upon request
Cryptosporidium (Cryptosporidiosis)
2 business days
 
On request
Cyclospora cayetanensis (Cyclosporiasis)
2 business days
 
Specimen (2 business days)
E. coli – Refer to "Shiga toxin-producing E. coli"
Immediately
 
 
Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)
Immediately
 
Culture or other appropriate clinical material (2 business days)
Giardia lamblia (Giardiasis)
2 business days
 
On request
Haemophilus influenzae (children < 5 years of age)
Immediately
 
Culture, from sterile sites only, when type is unknown (2 business days)
Hantavirus
Within 24 hours
 
On request
Hepatitis A virus (acute) by IgM positivity
(Hepatocellular enzyme levels to accompany report)
Within 24 hours
 
On request
Hepatitis B virus (acute) by IgM positivity
Within 24 hours
 
On request
Hepatitis B virus
Monthly
 
 
 
– HBsAg (Surface antigen)
 
 
 
 
 
– HBeAg (E antigen)
 
 
 
 
 
– HBV DNA
 
 
 
 
Hepatitis C virus
Monthly
 
 
Hepatitis D virus
2 business days
 
On request
Hepatitis E virus
Within 24 hours
 
On request
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (for example, positive Western Blot assays, P24 antigen or viral culture tests)
2 business days
Only when the local health department is designated by the Department of Health
√ (Except King County)
 
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (ll viral load detection test results - detectable and undetectable)
Monthly
Only when the local health department is designated by the Department of Health
√ (Except King County)
 
Influenza virus, novel or unsubtypable strain
Immediately
 
Isolate or clinical specimen (2 business days)
Legionella species (Legionellosis)
Within 24 hours
 
Culture (2 business days)
Leptospira species (Leptospirosis)
Within 24 hours
 
On request
Listeria monocytogenes
(Listeriosis)
Within 24 hours
 
Culture (2 business days)
Measles virus (rubeola)
Acute:
IgM positivity
PCR positivity
Immediately
 
Isolate or clinical specimen associated with positive result (2 business days)
Mumps virus
Acute:
IgM positivity
PCR positivity
Within 24 hours
 
Isolate or clinical specimen associated with positive result (2 business days)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Tuberculosis)
2 business days
 
Culture (2 business days)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Tuberculosis) (Antibiotic sensitivity for first isolates)
2 business days
 
 
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Gonorrhea)
2 business days
 
 
Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcal disease)
Immediately
 
Culture (from sterile sites only) (2 business days)
Plasmodium species (Malaria)
2 business days
 
On request
Poliovirus
Acute:
IgM positivity
PCR positivity
Immediately
 
Isolate or clinical specimen associated with positive result (2 business days)
Rabies virus (human or animal)
Immediately
√ (Pathology Report Only)
 
Clinical specimen associated with positive result (2 business days)
Salmonella species (Salmonellosis)
Within 24 hours
 
Culture (2 business days)
SARS-associated coronavirus
Immediately
 
Isolate or clinical specimen associated with positive result (2 business days)
Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (enterohemorrhagic E. coli including, but not limited to, E. coli O157:H7)
Immediately
 
Culture (2 business days) or specimen if no culture is available
Shigella species (Shigellosis)
Within 24 hours
 
Culture (2 business days)
Treponema pallidum (Syphilis)
2 business days
 
Serum (2 business days)
Trichinella species
2 business days
 
On request
Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Within 24 hours
 
Culture (2 business days)
Variola virus (smallpox)
Immediately
 
Isolate or clinical specimen associated with positive result (2 business days)
Vibrio cholerae O1 or O139 (Cholera)
Immediately
 
Culture (2 business days)
Vibrio species (Vibriosis)
Within 24 hours
 
Culture (2 business days)
Viral hemorrhagic fever:
Arenaviruses
Bunyaviruses
Filoviruses
Flaviviruses
Immediately
 
Isolate or clinical specimen associated with positive result (2 business days)
Yellow fever virus
Immediately
 
Serum (2 business days)
Yersinia enterocolitica or pseudotuberculosis
Within 24 hours
 
On request
Yersinia pestis (Plague)
Immediately
 
Culture or other appropriate clinical material (2 business days)
 
(√) Indicates which agency should receive case and suspected case reports.
(3) The local health department may request laboratory reporting of additional test results pertinent to an investigation of a notifiable condition (e.g., hepatocellular enzyme levels for hepatitis or negative stool test results on salmonellosis rescreening).
(4) Laboratory directors may notify the local health department, the department, or both of other laboratory results.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.20.050. WSR 11-02-065, § 246-101-201, filed 1/4/11, effective 2/4/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.24.125. WSR 06-16-117, § 246-101-201, filed 8/1/06, effective 9/1/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.20.050, 70.24.125. WSR 05-03-055, § 246-101-201, filed 1/11/05, effective 2/11/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.20.050, 70.24.125 and 70.28.010. WSR 00-23-120, § 246-101-201, filed 11/22/00, effective 12/23/00.]