The definitions in this section apply throughout this title or rules adopted under this title unless the context clearly requires otherwise.
(1) "Anadromous game fish buyer" means a person who purchases or sells steelhead trout and other anadromous game fish harvested by Indian fishers lawfully exercising fishing rights reserved by federal statute, treaty, or executive order, under conditions prescribed by rule of the director.
(2) "Angling gear" means a line attached to a rod and reel capable of being held in hand while landing the fish or a hand-held line operated without rod or reel.
(3) "Bag limit" means the maximum number of game animals, game birds, or game fish which may be taken, caught, killed, or possessed by a person, as specified by rule of the commission for a particular period of time, or as to size, sex, or species.
(4) "Building" means a private domicile, garage, barn, or public or commercial building.
(5) "Closed area" means a place where the hunting of some or all species of wild animals or wild birds is prohibited.
(6) "Closed season" means all times, manners of taking, and places or waters other than those established by rule of the commission as an open season. "Closed season" also means all hunting, fishing, taking, or possession of game animals, game birds, game fish, food fish, or shellfish that do not conform to the special restrictions or physical descriptions established by rule of the commission as an open season or that have not otherwise been deemed legal to hunt, fish, take, harvest, or possess by rule of the commission as an open season.
(7) "Closed waters" means all or part of a lake, river, stream, or other body of water, where fishing or harvesting is prohibited.
(8) "Commercial" means related to or connected with buying, selling, or bartering.
(9) "Commission" means the state fish and wildlife commission.
(10) "Concurrent waters of the Columbia river" means those waters of the Columbia river that coincide with the Washington-Oregon state boundary.
(11) "Contraband" means any property that is unlawful to produce or possess.
(12) "Covered animal species" means any species of elephant, rhinoceros, tiger, lion, leopard, cheetah, pangolin, marine turtle, shark, or ray either: (a) Listed in appendix I or appendix II of the convention on international trade in endangered species of wild flora and fauna; or (b) listed as critically endangered, endangered, or vulnerable on the international union for conservation of nature and natural resources red list of threatened species.
(13) "Covered animal species part or product" means any item that contains, or is wholly or partially made from, any covered animal species.
(14) "Deleterious exotic wildlife" means species of the animal kingdom not native to Washington and designated as dangerous to the environment or wildlife of the state.
(15) "Department" means the department of fish and wildlife.
(16) "Director" means the director of fish and wildlife.
(17) "Distribute" or "distribution" means either a change in possession for consideration or a change in legal ownership.
(18) "Endangered species" means wildlife designated by the commission as seriously threatened with extinction.
(19) "Ex officio fish and wildlife officer" means:
(a) A commissioned officer of a municipal, county, or state agency having as its primary function the enforcement of criminal laws in general, while the officer is acting in the respective jurisdiction of that agency;
(b) An officer or special agent commissioned by one of the following: The national marine fisheries service; the Washington state parks and recreation commission; the United States fish and wildlife service; the Washington state department of natural resources; the United States forest service; or the United States parks service, if the agent or officer is in the respective jurisdiction of the primary commissioning agency and is acting under a mutual law enforcement assistance agreement between the department and the primary commissioning agency;
(c) A commissioned fish and wildlife peace officer from another state who meets the training standards set by the Washington state criminal justice training commission pursuant to RCW 10.93.090
, and 43.101.200
, and who is acting under a mutual law enforcement assistance agreement between the department and the primary commissioning agency; or
(d) A Washington state tribal police officer who successfully completes the requirements set forth under RCW 43.101.157
, is employed by a tribal nation that has complied with RCW 10.92.020
(2) (a) and (b), and is acting under a mutual law enforcement assistance agreement between the department and the tribal government.
(20) "Fish" includes all species classified as game fish or food fish by statute or rule, as well as all fin fish not currently classified as food fish or game fish if such species exist in state waters. The term "fish" includes all stages of development and the bodily parts of fish species.
(21) "Fish and wildlife officer" means a person appointed and commissioned by the director, with authority to enforce this title and rules adopted pursuant to this title, and other statutes as prescribed by the legislature. Fish and wildlife officer includes a person commissioned before June 11, 1998, as a wildlife agent or a fisheries patrol officer.
(22) "Fish broker" means a person whose business it is to bring a seller of fish and shellfish and a purchaser of those fish and shellfish together.
(23) "Fish buyer" means:
(a) A wholesale fish dealer or a retail seller who directly receives fish or shellfish from a commercial fisher or receives fish or shellfish in interstate or foreign commerce; or
(b) A person engaged by a wholesale fish dealer who receives fish or shellfish from a commercial fisher.
(24) "Fishery" means the taking of one or more particular species of fish or shellfish with particular gear in a particular geographical area.
(25) "Food, food waste, or other substance" includes human and pet food or other waste or garbage that could attract large wild carnivores.
(26) "Freshwater" means all waters not defined as saltwater including, but not limited to, rivers upstream of the river mouth, lakes, ponds, and reservoirs.
(27) "Fur-bearing animals" means game animals that shall not be trapped except as authorized by the commission.
(28) "Fur dealer" means a person who purchases, receives, or resells raw furs for commercial purposes.
(29) "Game animals" means wild animals that shall not be hunted except as authorized by the commission.
(30) "Game birds" means wild birds that shall not be hunted except as authorized by the commission.
(31) "Game farm" means property on which wildlife is held, confined, propagated, hatched, fed, or otherwise raised for commercial purposes, trade, or gift. The term "game farm" does not include publicly owned facilities.
(32) "Game reserve" means a closed area where hunting for all wild animals and wild birds is prohibited.
(33) "Illegal items" means those items unlawful to be possessed.
(34)(a) "Intentionally feed, attempt to feed, or attract" means to purposefully or knowingly provide, leave, or place in, on, or about any land or building any food, food waste, or other substance that attracts or could attract large wild carnivores to that land or building.
(b) "Intentionally feed, attempt to feed, or attract" does not include keeping food, food waste, or other substance in an enclosed garbage receptacle or other enclosed container unless specifically directed by a fish and wildlife officer or animal control authority to secure the receptacle or container in another manner.
(35) "Large wild carnivore" includes wild bear, cougar, and wolf.
(36) "License year" means the period of time for which a recreational license is valid. The license year begins April 1st, and ends March 31st.
(37) "Limited-entry license" means a license subject to a license limitation program established in chapter 77.70
(38) "Money" means all currency, script, personal checks, money orders, or other negotiable instruments.
(39) "Natural person" means a human being.
(40)(a) "Negligently feed, attempt to feed, or attract" means to provide, leave, or place in, on, or about any land or building any food, food waste, or other substance that attracts or could attract large wild carnivores to that land or building, without the awareness that a reasonable person in the same situation would have with regard to the likelihood that the food, food waste, or other substance could attract large wild carnivores to the land or building.
(b) "Negligently feed, attempt to feed, or attract" does not include keeping food, food waste, or other substance in an enclosed garbage receptacle or other enclosed container unless specifically directed by a fish and wildlife officer or animal control authority to secure the receptacle or container in another manner.
(41) "Nonresident" means a person who has not fulfilled the qualifications of a resident.
(42) "Offshore waters" means marine waters of the Pacific Ocean outside the territorial boundaries of the state, including the marine waters of other states and countries.
(43) "Open season" means those times, manners of taking, and places or waters established by rule of the commission for the lawful hunting, fishing, taking, or possession of game animals, game birds, game fish, food fish, or shellfish that conform to the special restrictions or physical descriptions established by rule of the commission or that have otherwise been deemed legal to hunt, fish, take, or possess by rule of the commission. "Open season" includes the first and last days of the established time.
(44) "Owner" means the person in whom is vested the ownership dominion, or title of the property.
(45) "Person" means and includes an individual; a corporation; a public or private entity or organization; a local, state, or federal agency; all business organizations, including corporations and partnerships; or a group of two or more individuals acting with a common purpose whether acting in an individual, representative, or official capacity.
(46) "Personal property" or "property" includes both corporeal and incorporeal personal property and includes, among other property, contraband and money.
(47) "Personal use" means for the private use of the individual taking the fish or shellfish and not for sale or barter.
(48) "Predatory birds" means wild birds that may be hunted throughout the year as authorized by the commission.
(49) "Protected wildlife" means wildlife designated by the commission that shall not be hunted or fished.
(50) "Raffle" means an activity in which tickets bearing an individual number are sold for not more than twenty-five dollars each and in which a permit or permits are awarded to hunt or for access to hunt big game animals or wild turkeys on the basis of a drawing from the tickets by the person or persons conducting the raffle.
(51) "Resident" has the same meaning as defined in RCW 77.08.075
(52) "Retail-eligible species" means commercially harvested salmon, crab, and sturgeon.
(53) "Saltwater" means those marine waters seaward of river mouths.
(54) "Seaweed" means marine aquatic plant species that are dependent upon the marine aquatic or tidal environment, and exist in either an attached or free floating form, and includes but is not limited to marine aquatic plants in the classes Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, and Rhodophyta.
(55) "Senior" means a person seventy years old or older.
(56) "Shark fin" means a raw, dried, or otherwise processed detached fin or tail of a shark.
(57)(a) "Shark fin derivative product" means any product intended for use by humans or animals that is derived in whole or in part from shark fins or shark fin cartilage.
(b) "Shark fin derivative product" does not include a drug approved by the United States food and drug administration and available by prescription only or medical device or vaccine approved by the United States food and drug administration.
(58) "Shellfish" means those species of marine and freshwater invertebrates that have been classified and that shall not be taken or possessed except as authorized by rule of the commission. The term "shellfish" includes all stages of development and the bodily parts of shellfish species.
(59) "State waters" means all marine waters and fresh waters within ordinary high water lines and within the territorial boundaries of the state.
(60) "Taxidermist" means a person who, for commercial purposes, creates lifelike representations of fish and wildlife using fish and wildlife parts and various supporting structures.
(61) "To fish" and its derivatives means an effort to kill, injure, harass, harvest, or capture a fish or shellfish.
(62) "To hunt" and its derivatives means an effort to kill, injure, harass, harvest, or capture a wild animal or wild bird.
(63) "To process" and its derivatives mean preparing or preserving fish, wildlife, or shellfish.
(64) "To take" and its derivatives means to kill, injure, harvest, or capture a fish, shellfish, wild animal, bird, or seaweed.
(65) "To trap" and its derivatives means a method of hunting using devices to capture wild animals or wild birds.
(66) "To waste" or "to be wasted" means to allow any edible portion of any game bird, food fish, game fish, shellfish, or big game animal other than cougar to be rendered unfit for human consumption, or to fail to retrieve edible portions of such a game bird, food fish, game fish, shellfish, or big game animal other than cougar from the field. For purposes of this chapter, edible portions of game birds must include, at a minimum, the breast meat of those birds. Entrails, including the heart and liver, of any wildlife species are not considered edible.
(67) "Trafficking" means offering, attempting to engage, or engaging in sale, barter, or purchase of fish, shellfish, wildlife, or deleterious exotic wildlife.
(68) "Unclaimed" means that no owner of the property has been identified or has requested, in writing, the release of the property to themselves nor has the owner of the property designated an individual to receive the property or paid the required postage to effect delivery of the property.
(69) "Unclassified wildlife" means wildlife existing in Washington in a wild state that have not been classified as big game, game animals, game birds, predatory birds, protected wildlife, endangered wildlife, or deleterious exotic wildlife.
(70) "Wholesale fish dealer" means a person who, acting for commercial purposes, takes possession or ownership of fish or shellfish and sells, barters, or exchanges or attempts to sell, barter, or exchange fish or shellfish that have been landed into the state of Washington or entered the state of Washington in interstate or foreign commerce.
(71) "Wild animals" means those species of the class Mammalia whose members exist in Washington in a wild state. The term "wild animal" does not include feral domestic mammals or old world rats and mice of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia.
(72) "Wild birds" means those species of the class Aves whose members exist in Washington in a wild state.
(73) "Wildlife" means all species of the animal kingdom whose members exist in Washington in a wild state. This includes but is not limited to mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates. The term "wildlife" does not include feral domestic mammals, old world rats and mice of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia, or those fish, shellfish, and marine invertebrates classified as food fish or shellfish by the director. The term "wildlife" includes all stages of development and the bodily parts of wildlife members.
(74) "Wildlife meat cutter" means a person who packs, cuts, processes, or stores wildlife for consumption for another for commercial purposes.
(75) "Youth" means a person fifteen years old for fishing and under sixteen years old for hunting.
[2016 c 2 § 2 (Initiative Measure No. 1401, approved November 3, 2015). Prior: 2014 c 202 § 301; 2014 c 48 § 1; prior: 2012 c 176 § 4; prior: 2011 c 324 § 3; 2009 c 333 § 12; 2008 c 277 § 2; prior: 2007 c 350 § 2; 2007 c 254 § 1; 2005 c 104 § 1; 2003 c 387 § 1; 2002 c 281 § 2; 2001 c 253 § 10; 2000 c 107 § 207; 1998 c 190 § 111; 1996 c 207 § 2; 1993 sp.s. c 2 § 66; 1989 c 297 § 7; 1987 c 506 § 11; 1980 c 78 § 9; 1955 c 36 § 77.08.010; prior: 1947 c 275 § 9; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 5992-19.]
The definitions in this section have been alphabetized pursuant to RCW 1.08.015
Finding—2016 c 2 (Initiative Measure No. 1401):
See note following RCW 77.15.135
Findings—2014 c 202:
See note following RCW 77.135.010
Findings—2011 c 324:
See note following RCW 77.15.770
Alphabetization—2008 c 277:
"The code reviser is directed to put the defined terms in RCW 77.08.010
in alphabetical order." [2008 c 277 § 1.]
Purpose—2002 c 281: "The legislature recognizes the potential economic and environmental damage that can occur from the introduction of invasive aquatic species. The purpose of this act is to increase public awareness of invasive aquatic species and enhance the department of fish and wildlife's regulatory capability to address threats posed by these species." [2002 c 281 § 1.]
Intent—1996 c 207: "It is the intent of the legislature to clarify hunting and fishing laws in light of the decision in State v. Bailey, 77 Wn. App. 732 (1995). The fish and wildlife commission has the authority to establish hunting and fishing seasons. These seasons are defined by limiting the times, manners of taking, and places or waters for lawful hunting, fishing, or possession of game animals, game birds, or game fish, as well as by limiting the physical characteristics of the game animals, game birds, or game fish which may be lawfully taken at those times, in those manners, and at those places or waters." [1996 c 207 § 1.]
Effective date—1993 sp.s. c 2 §§ 1-6, 8-59, and 61-79:
See RCW 43.300.900
Legislative findings and intent—1987 c 506:
See note following RCW 77.04.020
Effective date—Intent, construction—Savings—Severability—1980 c 78:
See notes following RCW 77.04.010