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What is the purpose of adult day services?
(1) WAC 388-71-0702 through 388-71-0776
contains the eligibility requirements for COPES waiver and roads to community living (RCL) demonstration funded adult day care and adult day health services. These rules also contain the requirements that apply to adult day care or adult day health centers that contract with the department, an area agency on aging, or other department designee to provide [COPES waiver and RCL] services to department clients. Nothing in these rules may be construed as requiring the department, area agency on aging, or other designee to contract with an adult day care or day health center.
(2) An adult day services program is a community-based program designed to meet the needs of adults with impairments through individual plans of care. This type of structured, comprehensive, nonresidential program provides a variety of health, social, and related support services in a protective setting. By supporting families and caregivers, the goals are:
(i) To provide the opportunity for the participant to live in their community;
(ii) To provide the participant with services, clinical and non-clinical to meet their unmet skilled needs;
(iii) To assist the participant to maintain maximal independence in their activities of daily living (ADL); and
(iv) To measure their progress through the interventions.
An adult day services program evaluates the needs of the participant served and offers services to meet those needs and enhance their quality of life. The participants served attend on a planned basis. The centers evaluate the potential participants to determine if they are able to communicate with each participant in order to meet their identified need(s). Nothing in this generic description may be construed to modify the specific services or eligibility requirements referenced in the definition of adult day care and adult day health.
(3) The following definitions apply under WAC 388-71-0702 through 388-71-0774
(a) "Adult day care"
(ADC) means the services under WAC 388-71-0704
that are provided to clients who meet the eligibility requirement under WAC 388-71-0708
(b) "Adult day center" means an adult day care or adult day health center. A day care or day health center for purposes of these rules is a center operating in a specific location, whether or not the center's owner also operates adult day centers in other locations.
(c) "Adult day health"
(ADH) means the ADC services and the skilled care services listed under WAC 388-71-0706
that are provided to clients who meet the eligibility requirements under WAC 388-71-0710
(d) "Adult day services" is a generic term referring to adult day care and adult day health services.
(e) "Authorizing practitioner" means a physician, osteopath, nurse practitioner and physician assistant who has the licensed ability to write medical orders for skilled care interventions requiring a practitioner order.
(f) "Chronic-care management" means regular monitoring of the client's chronic health condition, training the client and caregiver, providing treatments or interventions when warranted and regular communication with primary care practitioner and caregivers to help implement and keep current the clinical care plan while ensuring the treatments are having the intended effect of improving health, maintaining health or slowing declining health when the diagnosis is a nonreversible condition.
(g) "Client" means an applicant for or recipient of COPES waiver or RCL reimbursed adult day services.
(h) "Direct care staff" are the staff in an adult day center that is interacting with participants by providing care, services, and guidance.
(i) "The discharge plan" (DC) outlines specific measurable goals expected to occur due to the skilled individualized treatments provided to the participants indicating discharge is appropriate. This plan is developed and addressed on the client's ADC and/or ADH negotiated care plan and updated with each significant change of condition or when the client partially or completely meets the expected measurable goal(s). Discharge planning outcomes reflect the end of the treatment due to the client meeting the measurable outcomes or stipulating that a client has declined to the point of inability to participate in skilled treatment or is no longer able to benefit from skilled treatment.
(j) "Maintenance" is continuing clinically appropriate skilled service(s) which is justified as reasonable, necessary, and/or appropriate to sustain minimal loss of function. Maintenance interventions have discharge measurable goals that outline when maintenance skilled services are no longer beneficial.
(k) "Medically necessary" means the service is reasonably calculated to prevent, diagnose, correct, cure, alleviate, or prevent worsening of conditions in the client that endangers life, or causes suffering or pain, or results in an illness or infirmity, or threatens to cause or aggravate a disability, or causes physical deformity or malfunction.
(l) "Negotiated care plan" the adult day center must use the participant state assessment, center's evaluation and preliminary service plan to develop a written negotiated care plan. The center must ensure each participant's negotiated care plan includes:
(1) A list of the care and services to be provided;
(2) Identification of who will provide the care and services;
(3) When and how the care and services will be provided;
(4) How medications will be managed, including how the participant will receive their medications when attending the adult day center;
(5) The participant's activities preferences and how the preferences will be met;
(6) Other preferences and choices about issues important to the resident, including, but not limited to:
(b) Daily routine;
(c) Grooming; and
(d) How the center will accommodate the preferences and choices.
(7) If needed, a plan to:
(a) Follow in case of a foreseeable crisis due to a participant's assessed needs;
(b) Reduce tension, agitation and problem behaviors;
(c) Respond to participant's special needs, including, but not limited to medical devices and related safety plans;
(d) Respond to a participant's refusal of care or treatment, including when the participant's physician or practitioner should be notified of the refusal; and
(8) Identification of any communication barriers the participant may have and how the center will use behaviors and nonverbal gestures to communicate with the resident.
(m) "Participant" means clients and other persons receiving adult day services at an adult day center.
(n) The adult day center must ensure that each participant has a preliminary service plan that includes:
(1) The participant's specific problems and needs identified in the assessment;
(2) The needs for which the participant chooses not to accept or refuses care or services;
(3) What the center will do to ensure the participant's health and safety related to the refusal of any care or service;
(4) Participant defined goals and preferences; and
(5) How the center will meet the participant's needs.
(o) "Rehabilitative service" is provided using applicable physical therapy or occupational therapy or speech therapy standards of practice and is considered medically necessary if the type, amount, and duration of services outlined in the plan of care increase the likelihood of meeting one or more of these stated goals: To improve function, minimize loss of function, improve cognition or minimize loss of cognition, or decrease risk of injury and disease.
(p) "Significant change" means:
(i) A lasting change, decline or improvement in the resident's baseline physical, mental or psychosocial status;
(ii) The change is significant enough so the current assessment and/or negotiated care plan does not reflect the resident's current status; and
(iii) A new assessment may be needed when the resident's condition does not return to baseline within a two week period of time.
(q) "Skilled nursing services"
must be reasonable and necessary for the treatment of the illness or injury, that is the services must be consistent with the unique nature and severity of the participant's illness or injury, his or her particular medical needs, and accepted standards of medical and nursing practice, without regard to whether the illness or injury is acute, chronic, terminal, or expected to last a long time. The standards of nursing conduct or practice must follow WAC 246-840-700
(r) "Specific goals" mean those expected outcomes, individualized to the client's skilled need, that stipulate the measurable, detailed and expected progress the client may make while receiving the skilled service. They address the how, who, what and when of the expected final outcome. If a client's goal is to prevent a decline in their condition(s) the goal(s) must have measurable outcomes which identify the intervention to prevent the decline and how to measure this prevention. If you cannot measure the expected outcome of the clinical intervention then you are not preventing a decline.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090
. WSR 15-01-174, § 388-71-0702, filed 12/23/14, effective 1/23/15. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050
, and 74.39A.030
. WSR 03-06-024, § 388-71-0702, filed 2/24/03, effective 7/1/03.]
Reviser's note: RCW 34.05.395 requires the use of underlining and deletion marks to indicate amendments to existing rules, and deems ineffectual changes not filed by the agency in this manner. The bracketed material in the above section does not appear to conform to the statutory requirement.