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Make sure PIT operators are trained.

You must:
• Make sure employees successfully complete an operator training program before operating PITs. The only time a trainee can operate a PIT is:
– Under the direct supervision of a person who has the knowledge, training, and experience to train and evaluate operators;
– When operating the PIT does not endanger the trainee or other employees.
• Make sure training is done by you or someone you designate that has the knowledge, training, and experience to:
– Conduct the training;
– Evaluate trainee competence.
• Make sure your operator training program consists of:
– Formal instruction.
■ Such as lecture and discussion, interactive computer learning, video tapes, and written material.
– Practical training.
■ Such as demonstrations done by the trainer and practical exercises performed by trainees.
– Evaluation of trainee performance.
• Make sure the initial operator training program covers the subjects in Table 4, Required Training Topics.
If an operator has previously received training specified in Table 4, Required Training Topics, additional training in that topic is not required if:
• The training was appropriate to the PIT and working conditions in your workplace;
• The employee has passed a PIT performance evaluation within the last three years.
Table 4
Required Training Topics
Topics related to powered industrial truck
Topics related to your workplace
• Operating instructions,
• Surface conditions where the PIT will be operated
• Warnings and precautions for the types of PIT the operator will be authorized to operate
• Composition of loads to be carried and load stability
• Differences between the PIT and the automobile
• Load manipulation, stacking, and unstacking
• PIT controls and instrumentation: Where they are located, what they do, and how they work
• Pedestrian traffic in areas where the PIT will be operated
• Engine or motor operation
• Narrow aisles and other restricted places where the PIT will be operated
• Steering and maneuvering
• Use of door opening and closing devices
• Visibility (including restrictions due to loading)
• Hazardous (classified) locations where the PIT will be operated
• Fork and attachment adaptation, operation, and use limitations
• Ramps and other sloped surfaces that could affect the PITs stability
• PIT capacity
• Closed environments and other areas where insufficient ventilation or poor PIT maintenance could cause a buildup of carbon monoxide or diesel exhaust
• PIT stability
• Other unique or potentially hazardous environmental conditions in the workplace that could affect safe operation
• Any PIT inspection and maintenance that the operator will be required to perform
• Refueling
• Charging and recharging of batteries
• Operating limitations
• Any other operating instructions, warnings, or precautions listed in the operator's manual for the types of PIT that the employee is being trained to operate
You must:
• Keep written records of operator training and evaluations that include the following information:
– Name of the operator.
– Date of the training.
– Date of the evaluation.
– Name of the person giving the training or evaluation.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, 49.17.040, 49.17.050, 49.17.060. WSR 04-19-051, § 296-863-60005, filed 9/14/04, effective 2/1/05.]
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