EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITIES: SAFE WORKPLACE
Employer responsibilities: Safe workplace—Summary.
Provide a workplace free from recognized hazards.
Provide and use means to make your workplace safe.
Prohibit employees from entering, or being in, any workplace that is not safe.
Construct your workplace so it is safe.
Prohibit alcohol and narcotics from your workplace.
Prohibit employees from using tools and equipment that are not safe.
Establish, supervise, and enforce rules that lead to a safe and healthy work environment that are effective in practice.
Control chemical agents.
Protect employees from biological agents.
SAFETY COMMITTEES AND SAFETY MEETINGS
Safety committees/safety meetings—Summary.
Establish and conduct safety committees.
Follow these rules to conduct safety meetings.
ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROGRAM
Accident prevention program.
Develop a formal, written accident prevention program.
Develop, supervise, implement, and enforce safety and health training programs that are effective in practice.
Make sure your accident prevention program is effective in practice.
Make sure that first-aid trained personnel are available to provide quick and effective first aid.
Make sure appropriate first-aid supplies are readily available.
Make sure emergency washing facilities are functional and readily accessible.
Inspect and activate your emergency washing facilities.
Make sure supplemental flushing equipment provides sufficient water.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
Compliance duties owed to each employee.
Do a hazard assessment for PPE.
Document your hazard assessment for PPE.
Select appropriate PPE for your employees.
Provide PPE to your employees.
Train your employees to use PPE.
Retrain employees to use PPE, if necessary.
Document PPE training.
Require your employees to use necessary PPE on the job.
Keep PPE in safe and good condition.
Make sure your employees use appropriate eye and face protection.
Make sure your employees use appropriate head protection.
Make sure your employees use appropriate foot protection.
Make sure your employees use appropriate hand protection.
Make sure your employees are protected from drowning.
EMPLOYER—CHEMICAL HAZARD COMMUNICATION INTRODUCTION
Employer chemical hazard communication—Introduction.
Develop, implement, maintain, and make available a written Chemical Hazard Communication Program.
Include multiemployer workplaces in your program if necessary.
Identify and list all the hazardous chemicals present in your workplace.
Obtain and maintain material safety data sheets (MSDSs) for each hazardous chemical used.
Make sure material safety data sheets (MSDSs) are readily accessible to your employees and NIOSH.
Label containers holding hazardous chemicals.
Inform and train your employees about hazardous chemicals in your workplace.
Follow these rules for laboratories using hazardous chemicals.
Follow these rules for handling chemicals in factory-sealed containers.
Translate certain chemical hazard communication documents upon request.
Attempt to obtain a material safety data sheet (MSDS) upon request.
Items or chemicals exempt from the rule, and exemptions from labeling.
Material safety data sheets (MSDSs) as exposure records.
Preserve exposure records for at least 30 years.
Inform current employees of exposure records.
Provide access to exposure records.
Transfer records when ceasing to do business.
Provide a safety bulletin board in your workplace.
Post and keep a WISHA poster in your workplace.
Provide and maintain adequate lighting.
HOUSEKEEPING, DRAINAGE, AND STORAGE
Housekeeping, drainage, and storage—Summary.
Keep your workplace clean.
Sweep and clean your workplace to minimize dust.
Keep your workplace free of obstacles that interfere with cleaning.
Control pests in your workplace.
Make sure floors are maintained in a safe condition.
Keep your workroom floors dry, when practical.
Provide proper drainage.
Store things safely.
Control vegetation in your storage areas.
SANITATION AND HYGIENE FACILITIES AND PROCEDURES
Provide safe drinking (potable) water in your workplace.
Clearly mark the water outlets that are not fit for drinking (nonpotable).
Make sure that systems delivering not-fit-for-drinking (nonpotable) water prevent backflow into drinking water systems.
BATHROOMS AND WASHING FACILITIES
Provide bathrooms for your employees.
Provide convenient and clean washing facilities.
EATING AREAS AND FOOD SERVICE
Make sure eating areas are safe and healthy.
Follow these requirements if you provide food service to your employees.
GARBAGE AND WASTE DISPOSAL
Dispose of garbage and waste safely.
Remove garbage and waste in a way that does not create a health hazard.
LUNCHROOMS AND PERSONAL SERVICE ROOMS
Provide a separate lunchroom if employees are exposed to toxic substances if they are allowed to eat and drink on the job site.
Provide showers when required for employees working with chemicals.
Provide change rooms when required.
Make sure any work clothes you provide are dry.
ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE IN THE OFFICE
Prohibit tobacco smoke in your office work environment.
STAIRS AND STAIR RAILINGS SUMMARY
Provide fixed stairs where required.
Provide stairs that minimize hazards.
Provide handrails and stair railings.
FLOOR OPENINGS, FLOOR HOLES AND OPEN-SIDED FLOORS
Guard or cover floor openings and floor holes.
Protect open-sided floors and platforms.
WORKPLACE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY
Do not overload floors or roofs.
Make sure that floors are safe.
Make sure floors can support equipment that moves or has motion.
Post approved load limits (weight limits) for floors.
Basic electrical rules.
Inspect all electrical equipment your employees use to make sure the equipment is safe.
Make sure all electrical equipment is used for its approved or listed purpose.
Make sure electrical equipment used or located in wet or damp locations is designed for such use.
Make sure electrical equipment that is not marked is not used.
Identify disconnecting means.
Maintain electrical fittings, boxes, cabinets and outlets in good condition.
Working space around electrical equipment.
Maintain all flexible cords and cables in good condition and use safely.
Guard electrical equipment to prevent your employees from electrical hazards.
Make sure electrical equipment is effectively grounded.
Make sure electrical equipment has overcurrent protection.
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
Summary—Portable fire extinguishers.
Provide portable fire extinguishers in your workplace.
Select and distribute portable fire extinguishers in your workplace.
Make sure that portable fire extinguishers are kept fully charged, in operable condition, and left in their designated places.
Inspect and test all portable fire extinguishers.
Train your employees to use portable fire extinguishers.
EXIT ROUTES AND EMPLOYEE ALARM SYSTEMS
Provide an adequate number of exit routes.
Make sure that exit routes are large enough.
Make sure that exit routes meet their specific design and construction requirements.
Make sure that each exit route leads outside.
Provide unobstructed access to exit routes.
Exit doors must be readily opened from the inside.
Use side-hinged doors to connect rooms to exit routes.
Provide outdoor exit routes that meet these requirements.
Minimize danger to employees while they are using emergency exit routes.
Mark exits adequately.
Provide adequate lighting for exit routes and signs.
Maintain the fire retardant properties of paints or other coatings.
Maintain emergency safeguards.
Maintain exit routes during construction and repair.
Provide doors in freezer or refrigerated rooms that open from the inside.
Install and maintain an appropriate employee alarm system.
Establish procedures for sounding emergency alarms.
Test the employee alarm system.
ACCIDENT REPORTING AND INVESTIGATING
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Make sure equipment involved in a work-related accident is not moved.
Assign people to assist the department of labor and industries.
Conduct a preliminary investigation for all serious injuries.
Document the preliminary investigation findings.
RELEASING ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORTS
Releasing accident investigation reports.
PROTECTING THE IDENTITY OF THE SOURCE OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
Protecting the identity of the source of confidential information.
USING STANDARDS FROM NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND FEDERAL AGENCIES
Comply with standards national organizations or of federal agencies when referenced in WISHA rules.