Chapter 296-155 WAC

Last Update: 4/19/16

SAFETY STANDARDS FOR CONSTRUCTION WORK

WAC Sections

PART A
GENERAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROVISIONS
296-155-001Foreword.
296-155-003Subsections, subdivisions, items, subitems, and segments.
296-155-005Purpose and scope.
296-155-006Equipment approval by nonstate agency or organization.
296-155-007Incorporation of standards of national organization.
296-155-008Incorporation of standards of federal agency.
296-155-009Equipment whether or not owned by, or under control of the employer.
296-155-010Variance and procedure.
296-155-012Definitions applicable to all sections of this chapter.
296-155-015Education and first-aid standards.
296-155-020Housekeeping.
296-155-030Acceptable certifications.
296-155-035General requirements.
296-155-040Safe place standards.
PART B-1
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL
296-155-100Management's responsibility.
296-155-105Employee's responsibility.
296-155-110Accident prevention program.
296-155-115Safety bulletin board.
296-155-120First-aid training and certification.
296-155-125First-aid supplies.
296-155-130First-aid station.
296-155-140Sanitation.
296-155-145Occupational noise exposure.
296-155-150Ionizing radiation.
296-155-155Nonionizing radiation.
296-155-160Gases, vapors, fumes, dusts, and mists.
296-155-165Lighting and illumination.
296-155-170Ventilation.
296-155-173Methylenedianiline.
296-155-17301Scope and application.
296-155-17303Definitions.
296-155-17305Permissible exposure limits.
296-155-17307Communication among employers.
296-155-17309Emergency situations.
296-155-17311Exposure monitoring.
296-155-17313Regulated areas.
296-155-17315Methods of compliance.
296-155-17317Respiratory protection.
296-155-17319Protective work clothing and equipment.
296-155-17321Hygiene facilities and practices.
296-155-17323Communication of hazards.
296-155-17325Housekeeping.
296-155-17327Medical surveillance.
296-155-17329Medical removal.
296-155-17331Recordkeeping.
296-155-17333Observation of monitoring.
296-155-17337Appendices.
296-155-17339Startup dates.
296-155-17341Appendix A to WAC 296-155-173—Substance data sheet, for 4-4'-methylenedianiline.
296-155-17343Appendix B to WAC 296-155-173—Substance technical guidelines, MDA.
296-155-17345Appendix C to WAC 296-155-173—Medical surveillance guidelines for MDA.
296-155-17347Appendix D to WAC 296-155-173—Sampling and analytical methods for MDA monitoring and measurement procedures.
296-155-174Cadmium.
296-155-176Lead.
296-155-17603Scope.
296-155-17605Definitions.
296-155-17607Permissible exposure limit.
296-155-17609Exposure assessment.
296-155-17611Methods of compliance.
296-155-17613Respiratory protection.
296-155-17615Protective work clothing and equipment.
296-155-17617Housekeeping.
296-155-17619Hygiene facilities and practices.
296-155-17621Medical surveillance.
296-155-17623Medical removal protection.
296-155-17625Communication of hazards.
296-155-17627Signs—General.
296-155-17629Recordkeeping.
296-155-17631Observation of monitoring.
296-155-17650Appendix A to WAC 296-155-176—Substance data sheet for occupational exposure to lead.
296-155-17652Appendix B to WAC 296-155-176—Employee standard summary.
296-155-17654Appendix C to WAC 296-155-176—Medical surveillance guidelines.
PART B-2
HAZARD COMMUNICATION
296-155-180Hazard communication.
PART C
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND LIFE SAVING EQUIPMENT
296-155-200General requirements for personal protective equipment (PPE).
296-155-201Definitions applicable to this chapter.
296-155-203Confined spaces.
296-155-20301Definitions applicable to confined spaces.
296-155-20307Confined space work on sewer systems under construction.
296-155-205Head protection.
296-155-210Hearing protection.
296-155-211Leg protection.
296-155-212Foot protection.
296-155-215Eye and face protection.
296-155-220Respiratory protection.
296-155-235Working over or adjacent to water.
296-155-240Sterilization of protective equipment.
PART C-1
FALL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION
296-155-24601Scope and application.
296-155-24603Definitions.
296-155-24605General requirements.
296-155-24607Fall protection required regardless of height.
296-155-24609Fall protection required at four feet or more.
296-155-24611Fall protection required at ten feet or more.
296-155-24613Fall arrest specifications.
296-155-24615Fall restraint specifications.
296-155-24617Positioning device system specifications.
296-155-24619Other specifications.
296-155-24621Training.
296-155-24623Appendix A—Determining roof widths—Nonmandatory guidelines for complying with WAC 296-155-24615.
296-155-24624Appendix B—Calculating fall clearance distance using a shock-absorbing lanyard and D-ring anchorage connector—Nonmandatory guidelines for complying with WAC 296-155-24613 (1)(d).
PART D
FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION
296-155-250Definitions applicable to this part.
296-155-260Fire protection.
296-155-265Fire prevention.
296-155-270Flammable liquids.
296-155-275Liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas).
296-155-280Temporary heating devices.
PART E
SIGNALING AND FLAGGERS
296-155-305Signaling and flaggers.
296-155-310Barricades.
296-155-315Definitions applicable to this part.
PART F
STORAGE, USE, AND DISPOSAL
296-155-325General requirements for storage.
296-155-335Disposal of waste materials.
PART F-1
RIGGING REQUIREMENTS FOR MATERIAL HANDLING
296-155-336Rigging requirements for material handling.
296-155-33600Scope.
296-155-33605Definitions.
296-155-337Rigging—General requirements.
296-155-33700Rigger qualifications.
296-155-33705General requirements.
296-155-338Slings.
296-155-33800Chain slings.
296-155-33805Wire rope slings.
296-155-33810Metal mesh slings.
296-155-33815Synthetic rope slings.
296-155-33820Synthetic webbing slings.
296-155-33825Synthetic roundslings.
296-155-339Rigging hardware and lifting devices other than slings and rigging hardware.
296-155-33900General requirements.
296-155-33905Shackles.
296-155-33910Adjustable hardware.
296-155-33915Compression hardware.
296-155-33920Links, rings, and swivels.
296-155-33925Rigging blocks.
296-155-340Lifting devices other than slings and rigging hardware.
296-155-34005Structural and mechanical lifters.
296-155-34010Vacuum lifters.
296-155-34015Close proximity lifting magnets.
296-155-34020Remotely operated lifting magnets.
296-155-34025Scrap and material handling grapples.
PART G
TOOLS—HAND AND POWER
296-155-350General requirements.
296-155-355Hand tools.
296-155-360Power-operated hand tools.
296-155-363Safety requirements for powder actuated fastening systems, in accordance with ANSI A10.3-1985, Safety Requirements for Powder Actuated Fastening Systems.
296-155-36301Scope.
296-155-36303Purpose.
296-155-36305Definitions applicable to this section.
296-155-36307Requirements.
296-155-36309Power loads.
296-155-36311Fasteners.
296-155-36313Operation.
296-155-36315Limitations of use.
296-155-36317Maintenance and storage.
296-155-36319Authorized instructor.
296-155-36321Qualified operator.
296-155-365Abrasive wheels and tools.
296-155-367Masonry saws.
296-155-370Woodworking tools.
296-155-375Jacks—Lever and ratchet, screw, and hydraulic.
296-155-380Air receivers.
PART H
WELDING AND CUTTING
296-155-400Gas welding and cutting.
296-155-405Arc welding and cutting.
296-155-407Protective clothing.
296-155-410Fire prevention.
296-155-415Ventilation and protection in welding, cutting, and heating.
296-155-420Welding, cutting, and heating in way of preservative coatings.
PART I
ELECTRICAL
296-155-426Introduction.
296-155-428General requirements.
296-155-429Lockout and tagging of circuits.
296-155-432Maintenance of equipment.
296-155-434Environmental deterioration of equipment.
296-155-437Batteries and battery charging.
296-155-441Applicability.
296-155-444General requirements.
296-155-447Wiring design and protection.
296-155-449Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use.
296-155-452Specific purpose equipment and installations.
296-155-456Hazardous (classified) locations.
296-155-459Special systems.
296-155-462Definitions applicable to this part.
PART J
STAIRWAYS
Note: Requirements relating to portable ladders and fixed ladders have been moved to chapter 296-876 WAC, Ladders, portable and fixed.
296-155-475Scope and application.
296-155-47501Definitions applicable to this part.
296-155-476General requirements.
296-155-477Stairways.
PART J-1
SCAFFOLDS
Note: Requirements relating to scaffolds have been moved to chapter 296-869 WAC.
PART L
CRANES, RIGGING, AND PERSONNEL LIFTING
296-155-529Scope and definitions.
296-155-52900Scope.
296-155-52901Certification and proof load testing—Requirement.
296-155-52902Definitions.
296-155-531Crane certifier accreditation process.
296-155-53100Accreditation of crane certifiers of cranes and derricks—Requirements.
296-155-53102Accreditation—Application form and applicant qualifications.
296-155-53104Issuance of accreditation.
296-155-53106Accreditation application—Processing time.
296-155-53108Duration and renewal of an accreditation.
296-155-53110Revocation or suspension of an accreditation.
296-155-53112Monitoring of accredited crane certifiers.
296-155-53114Issuance of temporary and annual certificates of operation.
296-155-532Crane certification requirements for cranes.
296-155-53200General inspection criteria, wire rope inspection and removal criteria, and preproof load test requirements for all cranes.
296-155-53202Additional inspection criteria and proof load testing—Mobile cranes.
296-155-53204Additional inspection criteria and proof load testing—Articulating boom cranes.
296-155-53206Additional inspection criteria and proof load testing—Tower cranes.
296-155-53208Additional inspection criteria and proof load testing—Self-erecting tower cranes.
296-155-53210Additional inspection criteria and proof load testing—Overhead/bridge and gantry bridge cranes.
296-155-53212Additional inspection criteria and proof load testing—Derricks.
296-155-53214Crane decertification and reinstatement.
296-155-533Qualifications and certification.
296-155-53300Operator qualifications and certification.
296-155-53302Signal person qualifications.
296-155-53304Repair, inspection, and maintenance employee qualifications.
296-155-53306Rigger qualifications.
296-155-534General requirements for all cranes and derricks.
296-155-53400General requirements.
296-155-53401Duties of assigned personnel.
296-155-53402Assembly/disassembly.
296-155-53403Fall protection.
296-155-53404Wire rope.
296-155-53405Inspections.
296-155-53406Signals.
296-155-53408Power line safety.
296-155-53409Training.
296-155-53410Safety devices.
296-155-53412Operational aids.
296-155-53414Cranes/derricks with a rated hoisting/lifting capacity of 2,000 pounds or less.
296-155-537Mobile cranes.
296-155-53700Mobile cranes—General.
296-155-53715Mobile cranes—Operations.
296-155-538Articulating boom cranes.
296-155-53800Articulating boom cranes—General.
296-155-53815Articulating boom cranes—Operations.
296-155-539Tower cranes.
296-155-53900Tower cranes—General.
296-155-53905Tower cranes—Additional inspection criteria.
296-155-53915Tower cranes—Operations.
296-155-541Self-erecting tower cranes.
296-155-54100Self-erecting tower cranes—General.
296-155-54115Self-erecting tower cranes—Operations.
296-155-542Overhead/bridge and gantry cranes.
296-155-54200Overhead/bridge and gantry cranes—General.
296-155-54215Overhead/bridge and gantry cranes—Operations.
296-155-543Derricks.
296-155-54300Derricks—General.
296-155-54305Derricks—Construction.
296-155-54320Derricks—Operations.
296-155-544Additional requirements for other types of cranes/derricks.
296-155-54400Floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges.
296-155-54405Dedicated pile drivers.
296-155-54410Sideboom cranes.
296-155-547Personnel lifting platforms (attached and suspended)—Scope.
296-155-548Design and installation requirements for personnel lifting systems.
296-155-54800Design of platforms and suspension systems.
296-155-549Personnel lifting hoisting equipment.
296-155-54900Crane or derrick requirements for personnel lifting.
296-155-551Inspections, maintenance and testing.
296-155-55100Inspections on cranes and personnel platforms.
296-155-55105Adjustments and repairs on personnel platforms.
296-155-55110Proof load test platforms and rigging.
296-155-55115Trial lift.
296-155-552Employer responsibilities.
296-155-55200Employer responsibilities for lifting personnel.
296-155-55205Responsibilities of the personnel lift supervisor.
296-155-55210Crane or derrick operation requirements for personnel lifting.
296-155-553Lifting personnel.
296-155-55300Personnel lifting requirements.
296-155-55305Lifting personnel near electrical power lines.
296-155-554Boatswain's chairs.
296-155-55400Use boatswain's chairs as a last resort.
296-155-55405Lifting personnel using a boatswain's chair.
296-155-556Rigging—General requirements.
296-155-55600General requirements.
296-155-558Slings.
296-155-55800Chain slings.
296-155-55805Wire rope slings.
296-155-55810Metal mesh slings.
296-155-55815Synthetic rope slings.
296-155-55820Synthetic webbing slings.
296-155-55825Synthetic roundslings.
296-155-561Rigging hardware.
296-155-56100General requirements.
296-155-56105Shackles.
296-155-56110Adjustable hardware.
296-155-56115Compression hardware.
296-155-56120Links, rings, and swivels.
296-155-56125Rigging blocks.
296-155-562Lifting devices other than slings and rigging hardware.
296-155-56200Structural and mechanical lifters.
296-155-56205Vacuum lifters.
296-155-56210Close proximity lifting magnets.
296-155-56215Remotely operated lifting magnets.
296-155-56220Scrap and material handling grapples.
296-155-564Appendices.
296-155-56400Mobile crane hand signal chart.
296-155-56405Examples of types of cranes.
296-155-56410Personnel platform lift planning and authorization form.
296-155-56415Qualifications for operators of below-the-hook lifting devices.
296-155-56420Operator certification—Written examination—Technical knowledge criteria.
296-155-56425Sample declaration form for hours of experience.
296-155-56430Assembly/disassembly—Working under the boom, jib or other components—Sample procedures for minimizing the risk of unintended dangerous boom movement.
296-155-56435Work area chart.
PART M
MOTOR VEHICLES, MECHANIZED EQUIPMENT, AND MARINE OPERATIONS
296-155-600Definitions applicable to this part.
296-155-605Equipment.
296-155-610Motor vehicles on construction sites.
296-155-615Material handling equipment.
296-155-620Pile driving equipment.
296-155-625Site clearing.
296-155-630Marine operations and equipment.
PART N
EXCAVATION, TRENCHING, AND SHORING
296-155-650Scope, application, and definitions applicable to this part.
296-155-655General protection requirements.
296-155-657Requirements for protective systems.
296-155-66103Reserved.
296-155-66105Reserved.
296-155-66109Reserved.
296-155-664Appendices.
296-155-66401Appendix A—Soil classification.
296-155-66403Appendix B—Sloping and benching.
296-155-66405Appendix C—Timber shoring for trenches.
296-155-66407Appendix D—Aluminum hydraulic shoring for trenches.
296-155-66409Appendix E—Alternatives to timber shoring.
296-155-66411Appendix F—Selection of protective systems.
PART O
CONCRETE, CONCRETE FORMS, SHORING, AND MASONRY CONSTRUCTION
296-155-675Scope, application, and definitions applicable to this part.
296-155-680General provisions.
296-155-681Safe walking surfaces on concrete structural members.
296-155-682Requirements for equipment and tools.
296-155-683Concrete finishing.
296-155-684Requirements for cast in place concrete.
296-155-685Tubular welded frame shoring.
296-155-686Tube and coupler shoring.
296-155-687Single post shores.
296-155-688Vertical slip forms.
296-155-689Placing and removal of forms.
296-155-690Appendix to WAC 296-155-684 cast in place concrete.
296-155-691Precast concrete and tilt-up operations.
296-155-694Requirements for lift-slab construction operations.
296-155-695Miscellaneous concrete construction.
296-155-697Requirements for masonry construction.
296-155-699Appendix A to Part O—References to Part O of chapter 296-155 WAC.
PART P
STEEL ERECTION
296-155-701Scope.
296-155-702Definitions.
296-155-703Site layout, site-specific erection plan and construction sequence.
296-155-704Hoisting and rigging.
296-155-706Structural steel assembly.
296-155-707Column anchorage.
296-155-708Beams and columns.
296-155-709Open web steel joists.
296-155-711Systems-engineered metal buildings.
296-155-714Falling object protection.
296-155-716Fall protection.
296-155-717Training.
PART Q
UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTION
296-155-725Definitions applicable to this part.
296-155-730Tunnels and shafts.
296-155-735Caissons.
296-155-740Cofferdams.
296-155-745Compressed air.
296-155-74501Appendix A—Decompression tables.
PART R
MISCELLANEOUS CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS
296-155-755Roofing, insulating and waterproofing.
296-155-765Rock crushing, gravel washing, and hot mix plants.
296-155-770Moving of structures.
296-155-77100Hoists, elevators, excavators, and conveyors.
296-155-77105Material hoists, personnel hoists, and elevators.
296-155-77110Base-mounted drum hoists.
296-155-77115Overhead hoists.
296-155-77120Conveyors.
296-155-77125Aerial cableways.
296-155-77130Concrete bucket towers.
296-155-77135Hoisting engines.
PART S
DEMOLITION
296-155-775Preparatory operations.
296-155-780Stairs, passageways, and ladders.
296-155-785Chutes.
296-155-790Removal of materials through floor openings.
296-155-795Removal of walls, masonry sections, and chimneys.
296-155-800Manual removal of floors.
296-155-805Removal of walls, floors, and material with equipment.
296-155-810Catch platforms.
296-155-815Storage.
296-155-820Removal of steel construction.
296-155-825Mechanical demolition.
296-155-830Selective demolition by explosives.
PART U
POWER DISTRIBUTION AND TRANSMISSION LINES
Refer to chapter 296-45 WAC, "Safety standards for electrical workers."
PART V
ROLLOVER PROTECTIVE STRUCTURES AND OVERHEAD PROTECTION
296-155-950Rollover protective structures (ROPS) for material handling equipment.
296-155-955Minimum performance criteria for rollover protective structures for designated scrapers, loaders, dozers, graders, and crawler tractors.
296-155-960Protective frame (ROPS) test procedures and performance requirements for wheel-type agricultural and industrial tractors used in construction.
296-155-965Overhead protection for operators of agricultural and industrial tractors.
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