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Moderate sedation.

(1) Training requirements: To administer moderate sedation the dentist must have completed a course containing a minimum of seven hours of a predoctoral dental school, postgraduate instruction, or continuing education (as defined in WAC 246-817-440) in moderate sedation in addition to twenty-one hours for minimal sedation.
(2) Procedures for administration:
(a) Oral sedative agents can be administered in the treatment setting or prescribed for patient dosage prior to the appointment.
(b) A second individual must be on the office premises who can immediately respond to any request from the person administering the drug.
(c) The patient must be continuously observed while in the office under the influence of the drug.
(d) Any adverse reactions must be documented in the records.
(e) If a patient unintentionally enters a deeper level of sedation, the patient must be returned to a level of moderate sedation as quickly as possible. While returning the patient to the moderate level of sedation, periodic monitoring of pulse, respiration, and blood pressure and pulse oximetry must be maintained. In such cases, these same parameters must be taken and recorded at appropriate intervals throughout the procedure and vital signs and level of consciousness must be recorded during the sedation and prior to dismissal of the patient.
(f) Patients receiving these forms of sedation must be accompanied by a responsible adult upon departure from the treatment facility.
(3) Equipment and emergency medications: All offices must comply with the requirements listed in WAC 246-817-724. When a sedative drug is used that has a reversal agent, the reversal agent must be in the office emergency kit and the equipment to administer the reversal agent must be stored with the delivery device. Pulse oximetry equipment or equivalent respiratory monitoring equipment must be available in the office.
(4) Continuing education: A dentist who administers moderate sedation to patients must participate in seven hours of continuing education or equivalent every five years.
(a) The education must include instruction in one or more of the following areas:
(i) Sedation;
(ii) Physiology;
(iii) Pharmacology;
(iv) Nitrous oxide analgesia;
(v) Patient evaluation;
(vi) Patient monitoring; and
(vii) Medical emergencies.
(b) In addition to education requirements in (a) of this subsection, the dentist must obtain health care provider basic life support (BLS), advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), or pediatric advanced life support (PALS) certification to renew the moderate sedation permit. Hourly credits earned from certification in BLS, ACLS, or PALS courses may not be used to meet the education requirements in (a) of this subsection. However, the hourly credits earned in BLS, ACLS, or PALS certification may be used to meet the requirements of WAC 246-817-440 to renew the dentist license.
(5) A permit of authorization is required. See WAC 246-817-774 for permitting requirements.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.32.0365 and 18.32.640. WSR 16-06-106, § 246-817-755, filed 3/1/16, effective 4/1/16; WSR 09-04-042, § 246-817-755, filed 1/30/09, effective 3/2/09.]