110-300-0354  <<  110-300-0355 >>   110-300-0356

WAC 110-300-0355

Family home capacity, ratio, and group size.

(1) The department issues initial or nonexpiring family home licenses for up to twelve children. The department will not issue a family license to care for more children than permitted by the rules in this chapter but may issue a license to care for fewer than the maximum allowable enrolled children. Family home licenses state:
(a) The maximum number of children that may be in care at any one time (total capacity); and
(b) The age range of children allowed in care.
(2) The department determines capacity for a family home early learning program after considering:
(a) Square footage of the early learning program;
(b) An early learning provider's years of experience in licensed child care (experience must be from working as a center director, program supervisor, lead teacher, family home licensee, or another similar role in a child care setting);
(c) A provider's education and ongoing training;
(d) The age range requested or approved by the department;
(e) The amount of developmentally appropriate equipment, materials, and toys an early learning program can provide children to use;
(f) A provider's licensing history with the department; and
(g) The number of qualified staff available to meet staff-to-child ratios.
(3) A family home licensee must not exceed the total capacity or age range stated on the child care license at any time except as provided in this section. All children on the premises, signed in to child care, on an off-site trip from the early learning program, or being transported by the early learning program staff are counted in capacity including the children of staff.
(a) A family home licensee must receive department approval to care for a child with special needs, pursuant to WAC 110-300-0300, if the child is older than the maximum age identified on the license. A child with documented special needs may be in care up to age nineteen and must be counted in both capacity and staff-to-child ratio.
(b) A child with special needs who requires individualized supervision pursuant to WAC 110-300-0300 counts towards capacity but does not count in the staff-to-child ratio.
(c) A child who turns thirteen years old permitted by chapter 110-15 WAC and who must be counted in both capacity and staff-to-child ratio.
(4) Any child birth through twelve years old on the premises, signed in to the child care, on an off-site trip from the early learning program, or being transported counts in capacity. This includes a family home licensee's own children, children of staff, or visiting children not accompanied or supervised by an adult.
(5) A family home licensee must provide qualified staff to fulfill the staffing requirements and staff-to-child ratios during operating hours, including off-site activities and when transporting children in care.
(6) A family home licensee must provide additional staff, pursuant to WAC 110-300-0350, when children are participating in water activities or activities near water.
(7) When applying for an initial or nonexpiring family home license, a family home licensee with less than one year of experience may request from the department a capacity of up to six children, birth through twelve years of age.
(a) A maximum of three children may be under two years of age.
(b) If there are three children under two years of age, one of these children must be able to walk independently.
(8) When applying for an initial or nonexpiring family home license, a family home licensee with at least one year but less than two years of experience and:
(a) Working alone may request a capacity of up to eight children ages two through twelve years of age, with a maximum of four children under three years of age.
(b) Working with a qualified assistant may request a capacity of up to nine children birth through twelve years of age with a maximum of four children under two years of age.
(9) When applying for an initial or nonexpiring family home license, a family home licensee with at least two years' experience and:
(a) Working alone may request a capacity of up to ten children ages three years through twelve years of age;
(b) Working alone may request a capacity of up to twelve children for school age children only; and
(c) Working with a qualified assistant, may request a capacity of up to twelve children birth through twelve years of age with a maximum of six children under two years of age with two children being able to walk independently.
(10) A family home licensee, with two years of experience, may request a license for birth to twenty-four months of age with a maximum group size of eight when:
(a) There are two staff present with the group consisting of one staff who meets the qualification of the licensee and another who meets the qualifications to be counted in ratio;
(b) The staff-to-child ratio is 1:4;
(c) Fifteen additional square feet are provided for each infant or toddler; and
(d) A second staff member is present whenever:
(i) More than two children in care do not walk independently; or
(ii) When there are more than four children in care.
(11) The staff-to-child ratio is determined by the ages and number of children in care. Two early learning program staff are required anytime:
(a) More than six children are in care and any child in care is under two years of age;
(b) More than eight children are in care and any child in care is under three years of age; or
(c) More than ten children are in care and any child is under school age.
[WSR 18-15-001, recodified as § 110-300-0355, filed 7/5/18, effective 7/5/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.215.070, 43.215.201 and chapter 42.56 RCW. WSR 18-14-079, § 170-300-0355, filed 6/30/18, effective 8/1/19.]
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