Last Update: 11/18/14

Chapter 392-190 WAC

EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY—UNLAWFUL DISCRIMINATION PROHIBITED

WAC Sections

PurposeElimination of unlawful discrimination in public schools.
Compliance with federal law.
COUNSELING AND GUIDANCE SERVICES
Counseling and guidance servicesCourse and program enrollment.
TRAINING
TrainingStaff responsibilitiesBias awareness.
RECREATIONAL AND ATHLETIC ACTIVITIES
Recreational and athletic activities.
Recreational and athletic activitiesAnnual athletic evaluation.
Recreational and athletic activitiesStudent athletic interest survey.
Recreational and athletic activitiesFacilities.
ACCESS TO COURSE OFFERINGS
Access to course offerings.
Access to course offeringsStudent discipline and corrective action.
Access to course offeringsSeparate programs or activities.
TEXTBOOKS AND INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS
Textbooks and instructional materialsInstructional materials policyElimination of bias.
HARASSMENT
Discriminatory harassment.
Sexual harassmentDefinitions.
Sexual harassment policyRequired criteria.
Sexual harassment policyNotification.
Harassment, intimidation, and bullying prevention policy and procedureSchool districts.
EMPLOYMENT
Public school employment and contract practices—Nondiscrimination.
Public school employment—Affirmative action program.
COMPLIANCE AND COMPLAINT PROCEDURES
ComplianceSchool district or public charter schoolDesignation of responsible employeeNotification.
ComplianceComplaint procedureSchool district or public charter school.
ComplianceAppeal procedureSchool district or public charter school.
ComplianceComplaint procedureOffice of superintendent of public instruction.
Mediation.
MONITORING
MonitoringDuty of the superintendent of public instruction.
Monitoring proceduresResults.
MonitoringAppeal procedure.
ViolationsPermissible sanctions.
Concurrent claims and remedies.
Informing citizens about complaint procedures.
DISPOSITION OF SECTIONS FORMERLY CODIFIED IN THIS CHAPTER
392-190-015
Counseling and guidanceSex discriminationDuty of certificated and classroom personnelCoordination of effort. [Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.642.020 and 28A.640.020. WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-015, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-015, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89; Order 6-76, § 392-190-015, filed 5/17/76.] Repealed by WSR 14-23-072, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020.
392-190-026
Recreational and athleticSex discriminationEqual opportunitiesSeparate teams. [Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.642.020 and 28A.640.020. WSR 13-12-027, § 392-190-026, filed 5/29/13, effective 6/29/13; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-026, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.] Repealed by WSR 14-23-072, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020.
392-190-035
Recreational and athletic activitiesElementary and secondary level. [Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.642.020 and 28A.640.020. WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-035, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-035, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.85.020, 28A.85.030 and 28A.85.050. WSR 80-09-017 (Order 80-26), § 392-190-035, filed 7/9/80; Order 6-76, § 392-190-035, filed 5/17/76.] Repealed by WSR 14-23-072, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020.
392-190-078
Monitoring resultsComplaints issued by superintendent of public instruction. [Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.642.020 and 28A.640.020. WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-078, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.] Repealed by WSR 14-23-072, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020.


392-190-005
PurposeElimination of unlawful discrimination in public schools.

The purpose of this chapter is to establish rules to implement chapters 28A.640 and 28A.642 RCW. Chapters 28A.640 and 28A.642 RCW prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal by a person with a disability in Washington public schools, including public charter schools. Broad federal regulations implementing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act, and Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 similarly prohibit discrimination based on sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, and disability in federally assisted education programs or activities. As a result, several substantive areas have been similarly identified and addressed by both state and federal enactments.
In accordance with chapters 28A.640 and 28A.642 RCW and RCW 28A.710.040, it is unlawful for any public school district or public charter school to discriminate on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal with regard to any program or activity conducted by or on behalf of a school district or public charter school including, but not limited to, recreational and athletic activities, extracurricular activities, preschool, adult education, community education, and vocational-technical program activities.
In accordance with RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020, the office of superintendent of public instruction will develop guidelines to supplement this chapter and to guide its interpretation and administrative enforcement of chapters 28A.640 and 28A.642 RCW under WAC 392-190-060 through 392-190-081. Under RCW 28A.640.050 and 28A.642.050, the office of superintendent of public instruction has the authority to enforce the guidelines and this chapter.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-005, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-005, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: 1990 c 33. WSR 90-16-002 (Order 18), § 392-190-005, filed 7/19/90, effective 8/19/90. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-005, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89; Order 6-76, § 392-190-005, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-007
Compliance with federal law.

For purposes of administrative enforcement of this chapter under WAC 392-190-060 through 392-190-081, and unless otherwise provided in this chapter or in the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005, the office of superintendent of public instruction adopts the definitions, requirements, and procedural safeguards set forth by the United States Department of Education pursuant to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-007, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14.]



392-190-010
Counseling and guidance servicesCourse and program enrollment.

(1) School districts and public charter schools must not discriminate against any person on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal in the counseling or guidance of students.
(2) Each school district and public charter school must develop and use materials, orientation programs, and counseling techniques that encourage participation in all school programs and courses of study, including career and vocational technical programs and employment opportunities, regardless of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal. School districts and public charter schools must encourage students to explore subjects, activities, and occupations not traditional for their sex.
(3) Each school district and public charter school that uses testing and other materials for counseling students must not use different materials for students based on their sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal. A school district or public charter school may use different materials for students on the basis of their sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal if:
(a) The different materials address the same occupations and interest areas; and
(b) The use of different materials is essential to eliminate bias based on sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal.
(4) Each school district and public charter school must develop and use internal procedures to ensure that all tests and appraisal instruments related to guidance counseling, career and vocational guidance materials, work/study programs and opportunities, and educational scheduling or placement do not discriminate on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal.
(5) If a school district or public charter school concludes that the use of tests and appraisal instruments, career and vocational guidance materials, work/study programs, or educational scheduling or placement has resulted in a substantially disproportionate number of students who are members of one of the groups identified in WAC 392-190-005 in any particular course of study or classification, the school district or charter school must take prompt action to ensure that the disproportion is not the result of discrimination in the instrument or material, or its application.
(6) At least annually, each school district and public charter school must review student enrollment data within courses and programs disaggregated by sex, race, limited-English proficiency (i.e., English language learners), and disability, including students protected under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. In its review of this data, the school district or public charter school must determine whether a substantially disproportionate number of students within these categories are enrolled in a particular course or program. Where a school district or public charter school finds that a particular course or program contains a substantially disproportionate number of students who are members of any one of the categories identified in this section, the district or charter school must take prompt action to ensure that the disproportion is not the result of discrimination, including in:
(a) The identification and selection of students;
(b) Course and program enrollment criteria;
(c) Tests and appraisal instruments;
(d) Academic, career, and vocational guidance materials;
(e) Work/study programs and opportunities;
(f) Educational scheduling or placement; and
(g) Other factors related to course and program enrollment.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-010, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-010, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-010, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.85.020, 28A.85.030 and 28A.85.050. WSR 80-09-017 (Order 80-26), § 392-190-010, filed 7/9/80; Order 6-76, § 392-190-010, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-020
TrainingStaff responsibilitiesBias awareness.

Each school district and public charter school must provide training to all administrators and certificated and classroom personnel, including the school district or public charter school employee designated under WAC 392-190-060, (1) regarding their responsibilities under this chapter, and (2) to raise awareness of and eliminate bias based on sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-020, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-020, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-020, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89; Order 6-76, § 392-190-020, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-025
Recreational and athletic activities.

(1) Except as provided under this section, school districts and public charter schools must not, on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal, exclude any person from participation in, deny any person the benefits of, or otherwise discriminate against any person in any interscholastic, club, or intramural athletics or recreational activity offered or sponsored by the school district or charter school. School districts and public charter schools must not provide any athletic or recreational activity separately on such basis, except as provided in this section.
(2) A school district or public charter school may operate or sponsor separate teams for members of each sex where selection for such teams is based upon competitive skill or the activity involved is a contact sport. However, where a school district or public charter school operates or sponsors a team in a particular sport for members of one sex but operates or sponsors no such team for members of the other sex, and athletic opportunities for members of that sex have previously been limited, members of the excluded sex must be allowed to try out for the team offered.
(3) A school district or public charter school that operates or sponsors interscholastic, club, or intramural athletics must provide equal athletic opportunities for members of both sexes within each school. The following factors must be considered when determining whether equal opportunities are available:
(a) Whether the selection of sports and levels of competition effectively accommodate the interests and abilities of members of both sexes;
(b) Provision of equipment and supplies;
(c) Scheduling of games and practice time, including the use of playfields, courts, gyms, and pools;
(d) Travel and per diem allowances, if any;
(e) Opportunity to receive coaching and academic tutoring;
(f) Assignment and compensation of coaches, tutors, and game officials;
(g) Provision of locker rooms and practice and competitive facilities;
(h) Provision of medical and training facilities and services, including the availability of insurance;
(i) Provision of housing and dining facilities and services, if any; and
(j) Publicity and awards.
(4) Unequal aggregate expenditures within a school district or public charter school for members of each sex or unequal expenditures for separate male and female teams alone will not constitute noncompliance with this section, but the failure to provide necessary funds for recreational and athletic activities for members of one sex may be considered in assessing the equality of opportunity for members of each sex.
(5) Where individual students with disabilities cannot participate in existing activities even with reasonable modifications and necessary accommodations, aids, or services, a school district or public charter school may offer opportunities for students with disabilities to participate in separate or different recreational or athletic activities.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-025, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-025, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-025, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89; Order 6-76, § 392-190-025, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-030
Recreational and athletic activitiesAnnual athletic evaluation.

Each school district and public charter school must evaluate the recreational and athletic program at each school at least once each year to ensure that equal opportunities are available to members of both sexes with respect to interscholastic, club, or intramural athletics that are operated, sponsored, or otherwise provided by the school district or charter school.
In determining whether equal opportunities are available to members of both sexes, each school district and public charter school conducting an evaluation required by this section must consider each of the factors listed under WAC 392-190-025(3).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-030, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-030, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-030, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89; Order 6-76, § 392-190-030, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-040
Recreational and athletic activitiesStudent athletic interest survey.

(1) The superintendent of public instruction must develop a survey instrument to assist each school district and public charter school in determining male and female student interest in participation in specific sports. With the office of superintendent of public instruction's approval, school districts and public charter schools may modify or amend the content of the survey instrument if necessary to clarify and assist in evaluating student interest.
(2) Each school district and public charter school must administer the survey developed under this section at least once every three years at each school and grade level where interscholastic, intramural, and other athletics are conducted. The school district or public charter school must consider the results of the survey when planning and developing recreational and athletic activities offered within the school district or charter school and when determining whether equal opportunities are available to members of both sexes under WAC 392-190-025 and 392-190-030.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-040, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-040, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-040, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.85.020, 28A.85.030 and 28A.85.050. WSR 80-09-017 (Order 80-26), § 392-190-040, filed 7/9/80; Order 6-76, § 392-190-040, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-045
Recreational and athletic activitiesFacilities.

A school district or public charter school that provides athletic facilities for members of one sex, including showers, toilets, and training room facilities for athletic purposes, must provide comparable facilities for members of the opposite sex. A school district or public charter school may provide separate facilities for male and female students or schedule the facilities equitably for separate use. This section does not require the construction of additional facilities.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-045, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-045, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-045, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.85.020, 28A.85.030 and 28A.85.050. WSR 80-09-017 (Order 80-26), § 392-190-045, filed 7/9/80; Order 6-76, § 392-190-045, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-046
Access to course offerings.

(1) Each school district and public charter school must ensure that no student is denied or limited in their ability to participate in or benefit from its course offerings on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal.
(2) Course offerings include all education programs and activities offered or sponsored by a school district or public charter school, whether those programs or activities take place in a school district's or charter school's facilities or elsewhere.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-046, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14.]



392-190-048
Access to course offeringsStudent discipline and corrective action.

At least annually, each school district and public charter school must review data on corrective and disciplinary actions taken against students within each school disaggregated by sex, race, limited-English proficiency (i.e., English language learners), and disability, including students protected under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. This review must include, but is not limited to, short-term suspensions, long-term suspensions, expulsions, and emergency expulsions. In reviewing this data, each school district or public charter school must determine whether it has disciplined or applied corrective action to a substantially disproportionate number of students within any of the categories identified in this section. If a school district or public charter school finds that it has disciplined or applied corrective action to a substantially disproportionate number of students who are members of one of the categories identified in this section, the school district or charter school must take prompt action to ensure that the disproportion is not the result of discrimination.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-048, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14.]



392-190-050
Access to course offeringsSeparate programs or activities.

Except as provided under this section, school districts and public charter schools must not provide any course or otherwise carry out any of its programs or activities separately on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal or require or refuse participation therein by any of its students on such basis. This section does not prohibit:
(1) The grouping of students in physical education classes and activities by demonstrated ability as assessed by objective standards of individual performance developed and applied without regard to sex. Where use of a single standard of measuring skill or progress in a physical education class has an adverse effect on members of one sex, the school district or public charter school must promptly implement appropriate standards that do not have such effect;
(2) The separation of students by sex within physical education classes or activities offered for students if:
(a) It can be shown under the factual circumstances involved in the particular case that maintaining a separate physical education class or activity for boys and girls is the best method of providing both sexes with an equal opportunity to participate in the class or activity; and
(b) The separated classes or activities are substantially equal;
(3) The separation of students by sex for classes or portions of classes that deal primarily with human sexuality;
(4) Classes and activities with requirements based on vocal range or quality, which may result in a chorus or choruses of one or predominantly one sex; and
(5) Classes, courses, or placement of students based on the student's individual language skill development or based on the student's needs as identified in the student's individualized education program under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-050, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-050, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-050, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.85.020, 28A.85.030 and 28A.85.050. WSR 80-09-017 (Order 80-26), § 392-190-050, filed 7/9/80; Order 6-76, § 392-190-050, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-055
Textbooks and instructional materialsInstructional materials policyElimination of bias.

(1) School districts and public charter schools must not discriminate on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal through the use of any textbooks or instructional materials, including reference materials and audio-visual materials.
(2) Each school district and public charter school must adopt an instructional materials policy that includes selection criteria designed to eliminate bias based on sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, and the use of a trained dog guide or service animal in all textbooks and instructional materials including reference materials and audio-visual materials. Each school district and public charter school must use the screening criteria adopted under this section to identify and eliminate bias in all textbooks and instructional materials, including reference materials and audio-visual materials.
(3) If instructional materials that contain bias cannot be replaced immediately, each school district and public charter school must acquire supplemental instructional materials or aids to be used concurrent with existing materials to counter the bias content.
(4) Nothing in this section is intended to prohibit the use or assignment of supplemental instructional materials, such as classic and contemporary literary works, periodicals, and technical journals, that are educationally necessary or advisable even though they contain bias.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-055, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-055, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: 1990 c 33. WSR 90-16-002 (Order 18), § 392-190-055, filed 7/19/90, effective 8/19/90. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-055, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.85.020, 28A.85.030 and 28A.85.050. WSR 80-09-017 (Order 80-26), § 392-190-055, filed 7/9/80; Order 6-76, § 392-190-055, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-0555
Discriminatory harassment.

(1) For purposes of administrative enforcement of this chapter under WAC 392-190-060 through 392-190-081, a school district or public charter school violates a student's rights regarding discriminatory harassment, including sexual harassment as defined under WAC 392-190-056, when the following conditions are met:
(a) The alleged conduct is based on a student's sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, honorably discharged veteran or military status, presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or use of a trained dog guide or service animal;
(b) The alleged conduct is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive that it limits or denies a student's ability to participate in or benefit from the school district's or public charter school's course offerings, including any educational program or activity (i.e., creates a hostile environment); and
(c) The school district or public charter school, upon notice, fails to take prompt and appropriate action to investigate or fails to take prompt and effective steps reasonably calculated to end the harassment, eliminate the hostile environment, prevent its recurrence, and, as appropriate, remedy its effects.
(2) For purposes of administrative enforcement of this chapter under WAC 392-190-060 through 392-190-081, the office of superintendent of public instruction deems a school district or public charter school to have notice of discriminatory harassment if a reasonable employee knew, or in the exercise of reasonable care should have known, about the harassment.
(3) Nothing in this chapter is intended to diminish or otherwise modify an individual's right to bring an action under state or federal law alleging that the individual has been harmed by conduct or communication related to the individual's sex, race, creed, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or use of a trained dog guide or service animal that creates a hostile or abusive educational or workplace environment.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-0555, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14.]



392-190-056
Sexual harassmentDefinitions.

(1) As used in this chapter, "sexual harassment" means unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, sexually motivated physical contact, or other verbal or physical conduct or communication of a sexual nature between two or more individuals if:
(a) Submission to that conduct or communication is made a term or condition, either explicitly or implicitly, of obtaining an education or employment;
(b) Submission to or rejection of that conduct or communication by an individual is used as a factor in decisions affecting that individual's education or employment; or
(c) That conduct or communication has the purpose or effect of substantially interfering with an individual's educational or work performance, or of creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive educational or work environment.
(2) For the purpose of this definition, sexual harassment may include conduct or communication that involves adult to student, student to adult, student to student, adult to adult, male to female, female to male, male to male, and female to female.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-056, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-056, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: 1994 c 213. WSR 94-23-043 (Order 94-14), § 392-190-056, filed 11/10/94, effective 12/11/94.]



392-190-057
Sexual harassment policyRequired criteria.

In order to eliminate sexual harassment in connection with any responsibility, function, or activity within the jurisdiction of a school district or public charter school, a sexual harassment policy must be adopted and implemented by each district and charter school. This policy must apply to all school district and public charter school employees, volunteers, parents, and students including, but not limited to, conduct between students. This policy must incorporate the following criteria:
(1) Definitions consistent with WAC 392-190-056;
(2) Responsibilities of employees and volunteers;
(3) Investigative and complaint procedures consistent with WAC 392-190-065 through 392-190-075;
(4) Remedies available to targets of sexual harassment;
(5) Disciplinary actions against violators, which must conform with collective bargaining agreements and state and federal laws;
(6) Reprisal, retaliation, and false accusations prohibition;
(7) Dissemination and implementation of the policy; and
(8) Internal review of the policy.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-057, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-057, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: 1994 c 213. WSR 94-23-043 (Order 94-14), § 392-190-057, filed 11/10/94, effective 12/11/94.]



392-190-058
Sexual harassment policyNotification.

(1) The school district's or public charter school's sexual harassment policy must be easily understood and conspicuously posted throughout each school building and provided to each employee.
(2) Information about the school district's or public charter school's sexual harassment policy and complaint procedure must appear in any publication of a school, school district, or public charter school that sets forth the rules, regulations, procedures, and standards of conduct for the school, school district, or charter school. School districts and public charter schools that do not provide such a publication must provide written information about the district's or charter school's sexual harassment policy and complaint procedure to each student, parent or guardian, employee, and volunteer.
(3) Each school district and public charter school must develop a process for discussing the district's or charter school's sexual harassment policy. The process must ensure the discussion addresses the definition of sexual harassment and issues covered in the sexual harassment policy.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-058, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-058, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: 1994 c 213. WSR 94-23-043 (Order 94-14), § 392-190-058, filed 11/10/94, effective 12/11/94.]



392-190-059
Harassment, intimidation, and bullying prevention policy and procedureSchool districts.

(1) Each school district must adopt a harassment, intimidation, and bullying prevention policy and procedure as provided for in RCW 28A.300.285.
(2) If the allegations in a written report of harassment, intimidation, or bullying pursued under the school district's procedure adopted under RCW 28A.300.285 indicate a potential violation of this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005, the school district's harassment, intimidation, and bullying compliance officer, designated under RCW 28A.300.285, must promptly notify the district employee designated under WAC 392-190-060. Or, if during the course of an investigation of harassment, intimidation, or bullying, the district becomes aware of a potential violation of this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005, the school district staff member investigating the report must promptly notify the district employee designated under WAC 392-190-060. Upon receipt of this information, the designated employee must notify the complainant that their complaint will also proceed under the discrimination complaint procedure in WAC 392-190-065 through 392-190-075, in addition to the procedures adopted under RCW 28A.300.285. School districts must provide this notice in a language that the complainant can understand, which may require language assistance for complainants with limited-English proficiency, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In these cases, the investigation and response timeline set forth in WAC 392-190-065 begins when the school district knows or should have known that a written report of harassment, intimidation, or bullying involves allegations that the school district has violated this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005.
(3) This section is not intended to limit the scope of RCW 28A.300.285 or the use of a school district's procedures adopted under RCW 28A.300.285.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-059, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-059, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.]



392-190-0591
Public school employment and contract practicesNondiscrimination.

(1) School districts and public charter schools must not, on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal, exclude any person from participation in, deny any person the benefit of, or subject any person to discrimination in employment, recruitment, promotion, advancement, consideration, or selection, whether full time or part time, in connection with employment by a school district or public charter school.
(2) Each school district and public charter school must make all employment decisions in a nondiscriminatory manner and must not limit, segregate, or classify any person in any way that could adversely affect a person's employment opportunities or status on the basis of sex, race, creed, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal.
(3) School districts and public charter schools must not enter into any contractual or other relationship that directly or indirectly has the effect of subjecting any person to discrimination in connection with employment on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal including, but not limited to, relationships with employment and referral agencies, labor unions, and organizations providing or administrating fringe benefits to employees.
(4) School districts and public charter schools must not grant preferential treatment to applications for employment based on an applicant's enrollment at any education institution or entity that only or predominately admits students on the basis of sex, race, color, or national origin if the giving of such preferences has the effect of discriminating on the basis of sex, race, color, or national origin.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-0591, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-0591, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.]



392-190-0592
Public school employmentAffirmative action program.

(1) Each school district and public charter school must develop an affirmative action employment plan or program that includes appropriate provisions designed to eliminate discrimination on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal by a person with a disability.
(2) With respect to sex discrimination, a school district's or public charter school's affirmative action employment plan or program must include:
(a) The requirement to:
(i) Maintain credential requirements for all personnel without regard to sex;
(ii) Make no differentiation in pay scale on the basis of sex;
(iii) Make no differentiation in the assignment of school duties on the basis of sex except where such assignment would involve duty areas or situations such as, but not limited to, a shower room, where persons might be disrobed;
(iv) Provide the same opportunities for advancement for males and females;
(v) Make no difference in conditions of employment on the basis of sex including, but not limited to, hiring practices, leaves of absence, hours of employment, and assignment of or payment for instructional and noninstructional duties; and
(b) Such other provisions as may be required by the superintendent of public instruction to facilitate reasonable affirmative action goals and objectives and to eliminate discrimination in public school employment.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-0592, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-0592, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.]



392-190-060
ComplianceSchool district or public charter schoolDesignation of responsible employeeNotification.

(1) The superintendent of each school district or the public charter school governing board must designate at least one employee who is responsible for monitoring and coordinating the district's or charter school's compliance with this chapter and the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005. The employee designated under this section is also responsible for ensuring that all complaints communicated to the school district or public charter school under WAC 392-190-065 are promptly investigated and resolved.
(2) Each school district and public charter school must, once each year or more often as deemed necessary, publish notice in a manner that is reasonably calculated to inform all students, students' parents and guardians, and employees of the complaint procedure set forth in WAC 392-190-065, 392-190-070 and 392-190-075. School districts and public charter schools must provide this notice in a language that each parent and guardian can understand, which may require language assistance for parents and guardians with limited-English proficiency, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
(3) Each school district and public charter school must include a nondiscrimination statement in written announcements, notices, recruitment materials, employment application forms, and other publications made available to all students, parents, or employees. The statement must include:
(a) Notice that the district or public charter school may not discriminate in any programs or activities on the basis of sex, race, creed, religion, color, national origin, honorably discharged veteran or military status, sexual orientation, gender expression, gender identity, the presence of any sensory, mental or physical disability, or the use of a trained dog guide or service animal;
(b) The name or title, office address, and telephone number of the employee or employees designated under this section, as well as the employees designated to ensure compliance with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972; and
(c) Pursuant to the Boy Scouts of America Equal Access Act, notice that the school district or public charter school provides equal access to the Boy Scouts of America and any other youth group listed in Title 36 of the United States Code as a patriotic society.
(4) School districts and public charter schools must not adopt any policy, procedure, or practice that would limit a person's right to file a complaint under this chapter or have the effect of discouraging any person from utilizing the complaint procedure in WAC 392-190-065 through 392-190-075. School districts and public charter schools must not intimidate, threaten, coerce, or discriminate against any individual for the purpose of interfering with any right secured by this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005 or because the individual has made a complaint or participated in an investigation under this chapter.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-060, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-060, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-060, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89; Order 6-76, § 392-190-060, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-065
ComplianceComplaint procedureSchool district or public charter school.

Each school district and public charter school must establish a discrimination complaint procedure that, at a minimum, includes the following requirements:
(1) Anyone may file a complaint with a school district or public charter school alleging that the district or charter school has violated this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005. The complaint must be written and describe the specific acts, conditions, or circumstances alleged to violate this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005.
(2) A school district or local charter school may establish a complaint filing deadline. The filing deadline must be no less than one year after the occurrence that is the subject matter of the complaint. A complaint filing deadline may not be imposed if the complainant was prevented from filing a complaint due to:
(a) Specific misrepresentations by the school district or public charter school that it had resolved the problem forming the basis of the complaint; or
(b) Withholding of information by the school district or public charter school that was required to be provided under this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005.
(3) Complaints may be submitted by mail, fax, electronic mail, or hand delivery to any district, school, or charter school administrator or to any employee designated under WAC 392-190-060. Any district, school, or charter school administrator who receives a complaint that meets the criteria in this section must promptly notify the employee designated under WAC 392-190-060.
(4) Upon receipt of the complaint, the employee or employees designated under WAC 392-190-060 must:
(a) Provide the complainant a copy of the school district's or public charter school's discrimination complaint procedure in a language the complainant can understand, which may require language assistance for complainants with limited-English proficiency, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; and
(b) Ensure that the school district or public charter school conducts a prompt and thorough investigation into the allegations in the complaint.
(5) Following the completion of the investigation, the designated employee or employees must provide the district superintendent, charter school administrator, or designee with a full written report of the complaint and the results of the investigation. The district superintendent, charter school administrator, or designee must respond in writing to the complaining party within thirty calendar days after the school district or public charter school received the complaint, unless otherwise agreed to by the complainant or if exceptional circumstances related to the complaint require an extension of the time limit. If an extension is needed, the school district or public charter school must notify the complainant in writing of the reasons for the extension and the anticipated response date; this notice must be provided in a language the complainant can understand, which may require language assistance for complainants with limited-English proficiency, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. At the time the school district or public charter school responds to the complainant, the school district or charter school must send a copy of the response to the office of superintendent of public instruction.
(6) The response of the school district superintendent, charter school administrator, or designee required by this section must include:
(a) A summary of the results of the investigation;
(b) Whether the school district or public charter school has failed to comply with this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005;
(c) Notice of the complainant's right to appeal under WAC 392-190-070, including where and to whom the appeal must be filed; and
(d) If the school district or public charter school has failed to comply with this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005, the corrective measures deemed necessary to correct the noncompliance. Any corrective measures must be instituted as expeditiously as possible but no later than thirty calendar days after the school district's or public charter school's written response to the complainant, unless otherwise agreed to by the complainant.
(7) The school district's or public charter school's response to the complainant must be in a language the complainant can understand, which may require language assistance for complainants with limited-English proficiency, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
(8) The complainant and the school district or public charter school may agree to resolve the complaint in lieu of an investigation. If the complaint is resolved to the satisfaction of the parties involved, no further action is necessary under this section.
(9) Nothing in this section prohibits a school district or public charter school from adopting a separate procedure to resolve informal (i.e., verbal) complaints or allegations. An informal complaint procedure must not limit a complainant's right to file a formal complaint under this section. When utilizing an informal complaint procedure, school districts and public charter schools must notify complainants about their right to file a formal complaint under this section. The school district or public charter school must provide this notice in a language the complainant can understand, which may require language assistance for complainants with limited-English proficiency, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
(10) Nothing in this section is intended to modify or supersede any grievance procedure provided for in a school district or public charter school collective bargaining agreement.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-065, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-065, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-065, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89; Order 6-76, § 392-190-065, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-070
ComplianceAppeal procedureSchool district or public charter school.

(1) A school district's or public charter school's complaint procedure required under WAC 392-190-065 must provide an option to appeal the decision of the school district superintendent, charter school administrator, or designee to a party or board that was not involved in the initial complaint or investigation.
(2) A school district or public charter school may establish a time limit to file appeals. Appeal time limits must be no less than ten calendar days from the date the complainant received the school district's or public charter school's response under WAC 392-190-065.
(3) The school district or public charter school must provide a written appeal decision to the complainant in a timely manner, not to exceed thirty calendar days from the date the school district or charter school received the appeal, unless otherwise agreed to by the complainant. The appeal decision must include notice of the complainant's right to file a complaint with the superintendent of public instruction under WAC 392-190-075. The school district or charter school must send a copy of the appeal decision to the office of superintendent of public instruction.
(4) The school district's or public charter school's appeal decision must be provided in a language the complainant can understand, which may require language assistance for complainants with limited-English proficiency, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-070, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-070, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-070, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89; Order 6-76, § 392-190-070, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-075
ComplianceComplaint procedureOffice of superintendent of public instruction.

(1) If a complainant disagrees with the school district's or public charter school's appeal decision under WAC 392-190-070, or if the school district or public charter school fails to comply with the procedures in WAC 392-190-065 or 392-190-070, the complainant may file a complaint with the office of superintendent of public instruction. A complaint must be received by the office of superintendent of public instruction within twenty calendar days after the complainant received the school district's or public charter school's written appeal decision, unless the office of superintendent of public instruction grants an extension for good cause. Complaints may be submitted by mail, fax, electronic mail, or hand delivery. A complaint must be in writing and include:
(a) A description of the specific acts, conditions, or circumstances alleged to violate this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005 and the facts on which the complaint is based;
(b) The name and contact information, including an address, of the complainant;
(c) The name and address of the school district or public charter school subject to the complaint;
(d) A copy of the school district's or public charter school's complaint and appeal decisions under WAC 392-190-065 and 392-190-070;
(e) A proposed resolution of the complaint or relief requested; and
(f) If the allegations regard a specific student, the complaint must also include:
(i) The name and address of the student, or in the case of a homeless child or youth, contact information for the student; and
(ii) The name of the school and school district, or public charter school, the student attends.
(2) Upon receipt of a complaint, the office of superintendent of public instruction may initiate an investigation, which may include reviewing relevant information or conducting an independent on-site review. The office of superintendent of public instruction may, at its discretion, investigate additional issues related to the complaint that were not included in the initial complaint or appeal to the school district or public charter school under WAC 392-190-065 or 392-190-070.
(3) Following an investigation, the office of superintendent of public instruction will make an independent determination as to whether the school district or public charter school has failed to comply with this chapter or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005. The office of superintendent of public instruction will issue a written decision to the complainant and the school district or public charter school that addresses each allegation in the complaint and any other noncompliance issues that the office of superintendent of public instruction has identified in the investigation. The written decision will include the corrective actions deemed necessary to correct any noncompliance and any documentation the school district or public charter school must provide to ensure that the corrective action is completed. The office of superintendent of public instruction will provide this written decision in a language that the complainant can understand, which may require language assistance for complainants with limited-English proficiency, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
(4) All corrective actions must be completed within the timelines established in the written decision unless the office of superintendent of public instruction grants an extension. If timely compliance by a school district or public charter school is not achieved, the office of superintendent of public instruction may take actions to ensure compliance. Such actions may include, but are not limited to, referring the school district or public charter school to appropriate state or federal agencies empowered to order compliance with the law or the initiation of sanctions or corrective measures under WAC 392-190-080.
(5) A complaint may be resolved at any time when, before the conclusion of an investigation, the complainant, the school district, or the public charter school voluntarily agrees to resolve the complaint. The office of superintendent of public instruction may provide technical assistance and dispute resolution methods necessary to resolve a complaint.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-075, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-075, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-075, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.85.020, 28A.85.030 and 28A.85.050. WSR 80-09-017 (Order 80-26), § 392-190-075, filed 7/9/80; Order 6-76, § 392-190-075, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-0751
Mediation.

(1) A school district or public charter school may offer mediation, at the district's or charter school's expense, to resolve complaints at any time during the complaint procedure set forth in WAC 392-190-065 through 392-190-075. The purpose of mediation is to offer both the complainant and the school district or public charter school an opportunity to resolve disputes and reach a mutually acceptable agreement concerning the complaint through the use of an impartial mediator.
(2) Mediation must be voluntary and requires the agreement of both parties. It may be terminated by either party at any time during the mediation process.
(3) Mediation cannot be used to deny or delay a complainant's right to utilize the complaint procedure set forth in WAC 392-190-065 through 392-190-075 or to deny any other rights afforded under this chapter or under chapters 28A.640 or 28A.642 RCW.
(4) Mediation must be conducted by qualified and impartial mediators. An individual who serves as a mediator:
(a) May not be an employee of any school district, public charter school, or other public or private agency that is providing education or related services to a student who is the subject of the mediation process; and
(b) Must not have a personal or professional conflict of interest.
(5) A person who otherwise qualifies as a mediator is not an employee of a school district, public charter school, or other public agency solely because he or she is paid by the school district, charter school, or agency to serve as a mediator.
(6) If the parties resolve a dispute through the mediation process, the parties may execute a legally binding agreement that:
(a) Sets forth that resolution;
(b) States that all discussions that occurred during the mediation process will remain confidential and may not be used as evidence in any subsequent complaint, due process hearing, or civil proceeding; and
(c) Is signed by both the complainant and a representative of the school district or public charter school who has the authority to bind the district or charter school.
(7) The complainant and the school district or public charter school may agree to extend the timelines set forth in WAC 392-190-065 through 392-190-075 to pursue mediation.
(8) The office of superintendent of public instruction does not sign, approve, or endorse any mediation agreements reached by the parties. However, the office of superintendent of public instruction may assist both parties in understanding pertinent legal standards and possible remedies.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-0751, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14.]



392-190-076
MonitoringDuty of the superintendent of public instruction.

(1) The office of superintendent of public instruction must monitor school districts' and public charter schools' compliance with this chapter, chapters 28A.640 and 28A.642 RCW, and the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005.
(2) Procedures for monitoring school districts and public charter schools may include, but are not limited to:
(a) Investigation of complaints under WAC 392-190-075;
(b) Collection, review, and analysis of data and other information;
(c) Performance of on-site visits and interviews; and
(d) Review of any compliance issues, including reviews by those agencies referenced in WAC 392-190-077.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-076, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-076, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.]



392-190-077
Monitoring proceduresResults.

(1) Following its monitoring of a school district or public charter school under WAC 392-190-076, the office of superintendent of public instruction must notify the district or charter school of any findings of noncompliance with this chapter, chapters 28A.640 and 28A.642 RCW, or the guidelines adopted under WAC 392-190-005. This notification of noncompliance must initiate a process of correction, verification, and validation to ensure that the noncompliance is corrected within a compliance period identified by the office of superintendent of public instruction. The compliance period must be no longer than one year from the identification of noncompliance. If noncompliance is systemic in nature, a systemic corrective action plan will be required. The school district or public charter school will have thirty calendar days after its receipt of the notice of noncompliance to:
(a) Accept the findings contained in the notification of noncompliance;
(b) Provide the office of superintendent of public instruction with supplemental information that may serve as a basis for amending the notification of noncompliance; or
(c) Provide any revisions to the proposed corrective action plan.
(2) If the school district or public charter school provides the office of superintendent of public instruction with supplemental information, the office of superintendent of public instruction must respond to the school district or charter school with a final monitoring report within thirty calendar days after receipt of the supplemental information.
(3) If the school district or public charter school does not timely address the identified noncompliance with corrective actions, the superintendent of public instruction may, at his or her discretion, undertake actions to ensure the school district's or charter school's compliance. Such actions may include, but are not limited to, referring the school district or public charter school to appropriate state or federal agencies empowered to order compliance with the law, or the initiation of sanctions or corrective measures under WAC 392-190-080.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-077, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-077, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.]



392-190-079
MonitoringAppeal procedure.

(1) A complainant, school district, or public charter school that desires to appeal the written decision of the office of superintendent of public instruction issued under WAC 392-190-075 or 392-190-077 may file an appeal with the superintendent of public instruction in accordance with the adjudicative proceedings in RCW 34.05.413 through 34.05.494, and the administrative practices and procedures of the superintendent of public instruction in chapter 392-101 WAC. To initiate review under this section, a complainant, school district, or public charter school must file a written notice with the superintendent of public instruction within thirty calendar days following the date of receipt of the office of superintendent of public instruction's written decision under WAC 392-190-075 or 392-190-077.
(2) For purposes of hearing an appeal under this section, the superintendent of public instruction must conduct a formal administrative hearing in conformance with the Administrative Procedure Act, chapter 34.05 RCW. The superintendent of public instruction, in carrying out this duty, may contract with the office of administrative hearings pursuant to RCW 28A.300.120 to hear a particular appeal.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-079, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-079, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.]



392-190-080
ViolationsPermissible sanctions.

In the event a school district or public charter school is found to be in violation of the requirements of this chapter, the superintendent of public instruction may, by appropriate order pursuant to chapter 34.05 RCW, impose an appropriate sanction or institute appropriate corrective measures including, but not limited to:
(1) The termination of all or part of state apportionment or categorical moneys to the offending school district or public charter school;
(2) The termination of specified programs wherein the violation or violations are found to be flagrant in nature;
(3) The institution of a mandatory affirmative action program within the offending school district or public charter school; and
(4) The placement of the offending school district or public charter school on probation with appropriate sanctions until such time as compliance is achieved or is assured, whichever is deemed appropriate in the particular case by the superintendent of public instruction.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-080, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-080, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 34.05.220 [(1)](a). WSR 89-23-001 (Order 15), § 392-190-080, filed 11/2/89, effective 12/3/89; Order 6-76, § 392-190-080, filed 5/17/76.]



392-190-081
Concurrent claims and remedies.

(1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3) of this section, nothing in this chapter is intended to deny an aggrieved person from simultaneously pursuing other available administrative, civil, or criminal remedies for an alleged violation of the law.
(2) A complaint made under WAC 392-190-065 through 392-190-075 may be held in abeyance pending the outcome of any proceeding in state or federal court or before a local, state or federal agency in which the same claim or claims are at issue, whether under RCW 28A.640.040, 28A.642.040, or any other law.
(3) Where the complainant elects to pursue simultaneous claims in more than one forum, the factual and legal determinations issued by the first tribunal to rule on the claims may, in some circumstances, be binding on all or portions of the claims pending before other tribunals.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.640.020 and 28A.642.020. WSR 14-23-072, § 392-190-081, filed 11/18/14, effective 12/19/14; WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-081, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.]



392-190-082
Informing citizens about complaint procedures.

The superintendent of public instruction must inform parents and other interested individuals about the complaint procedures in this chapter. Specific actions to be taken by the superintendent of public instruction include:
(1) Disseminating copies of the state's procedures to parents, advocacy agencies, professional organizations, and other appropriate entities; and
(2) Conducting in-service training sessions on the complaint process through educational service districts or in statewide conferences.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.642.020 and 28A.640.020. WSR 11-09-024, § 392-190-082, filed 4/13/11, effective 5/14/11.]
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