means that the client is involved with an advocate in individual or group sessions with a primary focus of safety planning, empowerment, and education of the client through reinforcement of the client's autonomy and self-determination. Advocacy also means speaking and acting for change or justice with, or on behalf of, another person or cause. Advocacy is survivor-centered and uses nonvictim blaming methods that include:
• Identifying barriers to, and strategies to enhance, safety, including safety planning.
• Clarifying and increasing awareness of the power and control associated with domestic violence and the options one may have to obtain resources while staying safe.
• Supporting independent decision-making based on the unique needs and circumstances of each individual. "Advocate"
means a trained staff person who works in a domestic violence agency and provides advocacy to clients. "Child care"
means the temporary care of a client's child or children by staff of the domestic violence agency at the agency's location or another location where the client is receiving confidential or individual services from the domestic violence agency or is participating in activities sponsored by the domestic violence agency, other than employment, and so long as the client remains on the premises. "Children/youth activities"
means activities other than children/youth advocacy, such as recreational and educational activities. "Children/youth advocacy"
means an age-appropriate intervention service that strives to assist children/youth to express feelings about their exposure to domestic violence. It is an educational, rather than a therapeutic intervention, and is focused on providing education about domestic violence, safety planning, and developing or enhancing problem-solving skills. Advocacy can be provided on an individual basis and in group settings. "Client"
means a victim of domestic violence who is accessing services at a domestic violence agency. Client can also be referred to as a survivor, service recipient, or resident. "Cohabitant"
means a person who is or was married, in a state registered domestic partnership, or cohabiting with another person in an intimate or dating relationship at the present time or at some time in the past. Any person who has one or more children in common with another person, regardless of whether they have been married, were/are in a domestic partnership with each other, or have lived together at any time, must be treated as a cohabitant. Any person who is or was in a dating relationship with another person at the present or at some time in the past, regardless of whether they lived together at any time, must be treated as a cohabitant. "Community education"
refers to information that is provided in community settings about domestic violence and services related to victims of domestic violence. Community education activities include: Training, presentations, outreach to specific communities or geographic areas, community events, and media events. "Confidential communication"
means all information, oral, written or nonverbal, that is transmitted between a victim of domestic violence and an employee or supervised volunteer of a domestic violence agency in the course of their relationship and in confidence by means which, so far as the victim is aware, does not disclose the information to a third person. "Confidential information"
includes, but is not limited to, any information, advice, notes, reports, statistical data, memoranda, working papers, records or the like, made or given during the relationship between a victim of domestic violence and a domestic violence agency, however maintained. Confidential information includes the name, address, telephone number, social security number, date of birth, nine-digit postal (ZIP) code, physical appearance of, case file or history of, and other information that would personally identify a victim of domestic violence who seeks or has received services from a domestic violence agency. "Crisis hotline or helpline"
means a designated telephone line of the domestic violence agency that operates twenty-four hours a day, three hundred sixty-five days a year. A hotline/helpline provides crisis intervention, safety planning, information, and referral services. "Crisis intervention"
means services provided to an individual in crisis to stabilize an individual's emotions, clarify issues, and provide support and assistance to help explore options for resolution of the individual's immediate crisis and needs. "Department"
means the department of social and health services (DSHS). "Domestic violence"
is a pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviors that an adult or adolescent uses to maintain power and control over their intimate partner. Abusive tactics may include, but are not limited to the following: Physical abuse, sexual abuse, intimidating tactics, physical and/or psychological isolation of the victim, repeated attacks against the victim's competence, alternating use of indulgences, control of family funds and resources, stalking, and the use of children and systems to control the victim. The abuser's use of physical force against persons or property or the use of conduct that establishes credible threat of physical harm (i.e. terrorizing tactics) combined with other controlling tactics are key elements of domestic violence. The effect of the overall pattern of assaultive and coercive behavior is to increase the abuser's power and control in the relationship. It includes, but is not limited to, the categorization of offenses defined in RCW 10.99.020
(3) when committed by one cohabitant against another. "Domestic violence agency"
means an agency that provides shelter and advocacy for domestic violence clients in a safe and supportive environment. "Intimate partner violence"
focuses on the most common form of domestic violence, which is between adult or adolescent intimate partners or cohabitants, rather than on violence between nonintimate adult or adolescent household members. "Legal advocacy"
means personal support and assistance with victims of domestic violence to ensure their interests are represented and their rights upheld within the civil and criminal justice systems, including administrative hearings. It includes educating and assisting victims in navigating the justice systems; assisting victims in evaluating advantages and disadvantages of participating in the legal processes; facilitating victims' access and participation in the legal systems; and promoting victims' choices and rights to individuals within the legal systems. "Lodging unit"
means one or more rooms used for a victim of domestic violence including rooms used for sleeping or sitting. "Marginalized populations"
includes, but is not limited to, populations that have been historically underserved and oppressed in society because of ethnicity, race, culture or language diversity, age, sexual orientation, or disability. "Personally identifying information"
includes, but is not limited to, first and last name, home or other physical address, telephone number, Social Security number, date of birth, nine-digit postal (ZIP) code, physical appearance of, case file or history of, and other information that would personally identify a victim of domestic violence who seeks or has received services from a domestic violence agency, or such other information which, taken individually or together with other identifying information, could identify a particular individual. "Program"
means the DSHS domestic violence program. "Resident"
means a client of the domestic violence agency who is residing in a shelter as defined in this chapter. "Safe home"
means a shelter that has two or fewer lodging units and has a written working agreement with a domestic violence agency. "Safety plan"
is a process of thinking through with the victim how to increase safety for both the victim of domestic violence and any dependent children of the victim. Safety planning addresses both immediate and long term risks, barriers, or concerns regarding the victim and any dependent children. It is based on knowledge about the specific pattern of the domestic violence perpetrator's tactics and the protective factors of the victim and any dependent children. Safety planning can be done formally, informally, in writing or orally, or in any other conversational process between the victim and advocate. "Secretary"
means the DSHS secretary or the secretary's designee. "Shelter"
means a safe home or shelter home that provides temporary refuge and food and clothing offered on a twenty-four hour, seven-day-per-week basis to victims of domestic violence and their dependent children. Domestic violence agencies may use hotels and motels for victims who need safe shelter, but the domestic violence agency must also have a shelter home and/or safe home(s) that meet the requirements of this chapter. "Shelter home"
means a shelter that has three or more lodging units and is either a component of, or has a written working agreement with, a domestic violence agency. "Staff"
means persons who are paid or who volunteer to provide services to clients and are a part of a domestic violence agency. "Support group"
means interactive group sessions of two or more victims of domestic violence that is facilitated by trained staff on a regular basis. Participants share experiences, offer mutual support, and receive information and education around a specific topic of common interest. Support groups validate the experiences of victims, explore options, build on strengths, and respect participants' rights to make their own decisions. A shelter or house meeting where, for example, chores are discussed, and there is no advocacy provided, is not a support group. "Victim"
means a cohabitant who has been subjected to domestic violence. "We, us and our"
refers to the department of social and health services and its employees. "You, I and your"
refers to the domestic violence agency.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.123 RCW and 16 C.F.R. Part 1219. 13-10-028, § 388-61A-0220, filed 4/24/13, effective 5/25/13. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.123 RCW. 10-22-040, § 388-61A-0220, filed 10/27/10, effective 11/27/10.]