The determination of need for any project shall be based on the following criteria, except these criteria will not justify exceeding the limitation on increases of nursing home beds provided in WAC 246-310-810
(1) The population served or to be served has need for the project and other services and facilities of the type proposed are not or will not be sufficiently available or accessible to meet that need. The assessment of the conformance of a project with this criterion shall include, but need not be limited to, consideration of the following:
(a) In the case of a reduction, relocation, or elimination of a service, the need the population presently served has for the service, the extent to which the need will be met adequately by the proposed relocation or by alternative arrangements, and the effect of the reduction, elimination, or relocation of the service on the ability of low-income persons, racial and ethnic minorities, women, handicapped persons, and other underserved groups and the elderly to obtain needed health care;
(b) In the case of health services or facilities proposed to be provided, the efficiency and appropriateness of the use of existing services and facilities similar to those proposed;
(c) In the case of an application by an osteopathic or allopathic facility the need for and the availability in the community of services and facilities for osteopathic and allopathic physicians and their patients, and the impact on existing and proposed institutional training programs for doctors of osteopathy and medicine at the student, internship, and residency training levels; and
(d) In the case of a project not involving health services, the contribution of the project toward overall management and support of such services.
(2) All residents of the service area, including low-income persons, racial and ethnic minorities, women, handicapped persons, and other underserved groups and the elderly are likely to have adequate access to the proposed health service or services. The assessment of the conformance of a project with this criterion shall include, but not be limited to, consideration as to whether the proposed services makes a contribution toward meeting the health-related needs of members of medically underserved groups which have traditionally experienced difficulties in obtaining equal access to health services, particularly those needs identified in the applicable regional health plan, annual implementation plan, and state health plan as deserving of priority. Such consideration shall include an assessment of the following:
(a) The extent to which medically underserved populations currently use the applicant's services in comparison to the percentage of the population in the applicant's service area which is medically underserved, and the extent to which medically underserved populations are expected to use the proposed services if approved;
(b) The past performance of the applicant in meeting obligations, if any, under any applicable federal regulations requiring provision of uncompensated care, community service, or access by minorities and handicapped persons to programs receiving federal financial assistance (including the existence of any unresolved civil rights access complaints against the applicant);
(c) The extent to which medicare, medicaid, and medically indigent patients are served by the applicant; and
(d) The extent to which the applicant offers a range of means by which a person will have access to its services (e.g., outpatient services, admission by house staff, admission by personal physician).
(3) The applicant has substantiated any of the following special needs and circumstances the proposed project is to serve.
(a) The special needs and circumstances of entities such as medical and other health professions schools, multidisciplinary clinics and specialty centers providing a substantial portion of their services or resources, or both, to individuals not residing in the health service areas in which the entities are located or in adjacent health service areas.
(b) The special needs and circumstances of biomedical and behavioral research projects designed to meet a national need and for which local conditions offer special advantages.
(c) The special needs and circumstances of osteopathic hospitals and nonallopathic services.
(4) The project will not have an adverse effect on health professional schools and training programs. The assessment of the conformance of a project with this criterion shall include consideration of:
(a) The effect of the means proposed for the delivery of health services on the clinical needs of health professional training programs in the area in which the services are to be provided; and
(b) If proposed health services are to be available in a limited number of facilities, the extent to which the health professions schools serving the area will have access to the services for training purposes.
(5) The project is needed to meet the special needs and circumstances of enrolled members or reasonably anticipated new members of a health maintenance organization or proposed health maintenance organization and the services proposed are not available from nonhealth maintenance organization providers or other health maintenance organizations in a reasonable and cost-effective manner consistent with the basic method of operation of the health maintenance organization or proposed health maintenance organization. In assessing the availability of health services from these providers, the department shall consider only whether the services from these providers:
(a) Would be available under a contract of at least five years' duration;
(b) Would be available and conveniently accessible through physicians and other health professionals associated with the health maintenance organization or proposed health maintenance organization (for example - whether physicians associated with the health maintenance organization have or will have full staff privileges at a nonhealth maintenance organization hospital);
(c) Would cost no more than if the services were provided by the health maintenance organization or proposed health maintenance organization; and
(d) Would be available in a manner administratively feasible to the health maintenance organization or proposed health maintenance organization.
(6) For nursing home projects including distinct part long-term care units located in a hospital and licensed under chapter 70.41
RCW, the following criterion shall apply in addition to those found in WAC 246-310-380
(a) In the case of an application for new nursing home beds, the department shall find no need if the state is at or above the statewide estimated bed need, except as referenced in WAC 246-310-380
(5). However, the department may put under review and subsequently approve or deny applications that propose to redistribute nursing home beds to a planning area under the established ratio. The department may also consider applications that propose to add beds in planning areas under the established ratio using beds banked and for which the need for the beds is not deemed met, under the provisions of RCW 70.38.115
(13). For the above projects, the need for such projects, shall, in part, be determined using individual planning area estimated bed need numbers.
(b) If the state is below the statewide estimated bed need or for those projects referenced above, the department shall determine the need for nursing home beds, including distinct part long-term care units located in a hospital licensed under chapter 70.41
RCW, based on:
(i) The availability of other nursing home beds in the planning area to be served; and
(ii) The availability of other services in the planning area to be served. Other services to be considered include, but are not limited to: Assisted living (as defined in chapter 74.39A
RCW); boarding home (as defined in chapter 18.20
RCW); enhanced adult residential care (as defined in chapter 74.39A
RCW); adult residential care (as defined in chapter 74.39A
RCW); adult family homes (as defined in chapter 70.128
RCW); hospice, home health and home care (as defined in chapter 70.127
RCW); personal care services (as defined in chapter 74.09
RCW); and home and community services provided under the community options program entry system waiver (as referenced in chapter 74.39A
RCW). The availability of other services shall be based on data which demonstrates that the other services are capable of adequately meeting the needs of the population proposed to be served by the applicant. The following variables should be evaluated in this analysis when available:
(A) The current capacity of nursing homes and other long-term care services;
(B) The occupancy rates of nursing homes and other long-term care services over the previous two-year period;
(C) Proposed residential care projects scheduled to be completed within the same period of time indicated on the nursing home certificate of need application; and
(D) The ability of the other long-term care services to serve all people regardless of payor source.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.38 RCW. 96-24-052, § 246-310-210, filed 11/27/96, effective 12/28/96. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.38.135 and 70.38.919. 92-02-018 (Order 224), § 246-310-210, filed 12/23/91, effective 1/23/92. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.040. 91-02-049 (Order 121), recodified as § 246-310-210, filed 12/27/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.38.135. 85-05-032 (Order 2208), § 248-19-370, filed 2/15/85; 81-09-012 (Order 210), § 248-19-370, filed 4/9/81, effective 5/20/81. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.38 RCW. 79-12-079 (Order 188), § 248-19-370, filed 11/30/79.]