(1) "Injury" means any specific defect defined in this section, or an equally objectionable variation of any one of these defects, any other defect, or any combination of defects, which more than slightly detracts from the appearance, or the edible or shipping quality of the apple. The following specific defects shall be considered as injury:
(a) Russeting in the stem cavity or calyx basin which cannot be seen when the apple is placed stem end or calyx end down on a flat surface shall not be considered in determining whether or not an apple is injured by russeting. Smooth net-like russeting outside of the stem cavity or calyx basin shall be considered as injury when an aggregate area of more than 10 percent of the surface is covered in the red, partial red and blushed varieties and 5 percent of the surface for green and yellow varieties, and the color of the russeting shows no very pronounced contrast with the background color of the apple, or lesser amounts of more conspicuous net-like russeting when the appearance is affected to a greater extent than the above amount permitted. Smooth solid russeting when the aggregate area in the green and yellow varieties exceeds more than 1/4 inch in diameter and in the red and partial red varieties when the aggregate area exceeds 3/8 inch in diameter shall also be considered as injury.
(b) Sunburn or sprayburn, when the discolored area does not blend into the normal color of the fruit.
(c) Dark brown or black limb rubs which affect a total area of more than one-fourth inch in diameter for red, partial red or blushed varieties and one-eighth inch for green or yellow varieties, except that light brown limb rubs of a russet character shall be considered under the definition of injury by russeting.
(d) Hail marks, drought spots, other similar depressions or scars:
(i) When the skin is broken, whether healed or unhealed;
(ii) When there is appreciable discoloration of the surface;
(iii) When any surface indentation exceeds one-sixteenth inch in depth;
(iv) When any surface indentation exceeds one-eighth inch in diameter; or
(v) When the aggregate affected area of such spots exceeds one-half inch in diameter for red, partial red and blushed varieties or one-fourth inch for green or yellow varieties.
(i) Cedar rust infection which affects a total area of more than three-sixteenths inch in diameter.
(ii) Sooty blotch or fly speck which is thinly scattered over more than 5 percent of the surface, or dark, heavily concentrated spots which affect an area of more than one-fourth inch in diameter.
(iii) Red skin spots which are thinly scattered over more than one-tenth of the surface, or dark, heavily concentrated spots which affect an area of more than one-fourth inch in diameter.
(i) Any healed sting or healed stings which affect a total area of more than one-eighth inch in diameter including any encircling discolored rings.
(ii) Worm holes.
(g) Stem or calyx cracks which more than slightly detract from the appearance or the edible or shipping quality of the apple or stem or calyx cracks which are not well healed, or well healed stem or calyx cracks which exceed an aggregate length of one-eighth inch.
[Order 1374, § 16-403-265, filed 7/26/74, effective 9/1/74.]