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The agency redesigns (rebases) the medicaid inpatient payment system as needed. The base inpatient conversion factor and per diem rates are only updated during a detailed rebasing process, or as directed by the state legislature. Inpatient payment system factors such as the ratio of costs-to-charges (RCC), weighted costs-to-charges (WCC), and administrative day rate are rebased on an annual basis. As part of the rebasing, the agency does all of the following:
(1) Gathers data. The agency uses the following data resources considered to be the most complete and available at the time:
(a) One year of fee-for-service (FFS) paid claim data from the agency's medicaid management information system (MMIS). The agency excludes:
(i) Claims related to state programs and paid at the Title XIX reduced rates from the claim data; and
(ii) Critical access hospital claims paid per WAC 182-550-2598
(b) The hospital's most current medicare cost report data from the health care cost report information system (HCRIS) maintained by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). If the hospital's medicare cost report from HCRIS is not available, the agency uses the medicare cost report provided by the hospital.
(2) Estimates costs. The agency uses one of two methods to estimate costs. The agency may perform an aggregate cost determination by multiplying the ratio of costs-to-charges (RCC) by the total billed charges, or the agency may use the following detailed costing method:
(a) The agency identifies routine and ancillary cost for operating capital, and direct medical education cost components using different worksheets from the hospital's medicare cost report;
(b) The agency estimates costs for each claim in the dataset as follows:
(i) Accommodation services. The agency multiplies the average hospital cost per day reported in the medicare cost report data for each type of accommodation service (e.g., adult and pediatric, intensive care unit, psychiatric, nursery) by the number of days reported at the claim line level by type of service; and
(ii) Ancillary services. The agency multiplies the RCC reported for each ancillary type of services (e.g., operating room, recovery room, radiology, laboratory, pharmacy, or clinic) by the allowed charges reported at the claim line level by type of service; and
(c) The agency uses the following standard cost components for accommodation and ancillary services for estimating costs of claims:
(i) Routine cost components:
(A) Routine care;
(B) Intensive care;
(C) Intensive care-psychiatric;
(D) Coronary care;
(F) Neonatal ICU;
(G) Alcohol/substance abuse;
(I) Oncology; and
(ii) Ancillary cost components:
(A) Operating room;
(B) Recovery room;
(C) Delivery/labor room;
(E) Radio, diagnostic;
(F) Radio, therapeutic;
(I) Blood administration;
(J) Intravenous therapy;
(K) Respiratory therapy;
(L) Physical therapy;
(M) Occupational therapy;
(N) Speech pathology;
(Q) Medical supplies;
(S) Renal dialysis/home dialysis;
(T) Ancillary oncology;
(V) Ambulatory surgery;
(W) CT scan/MRI;
(AA) NICU transportation;
(BB) GI laboratory;
(CC) Miscellaneous; and
(DD) Observation beds.
(3) Specifies resource use with relative weights. The agency uses national relative weights designed by 3MTM Corporation as part of its all-patient refined-diagnostic related group (APR-DRG) payment system.
(4) Calculates base payment factors. The agency calculates the average, or base, DRG conversion factor and per diem rates. The base is calculated as the maximum amount that can be used, along with all other payment factors and adjustments described in this chapter, to maintain aggregate payments across the system. The agency ensures that base DRG conversion factors and per diem rates are sufficient to support economy, efficiency, and access to services for medicaid recipients. The agency will publish base rate factors on its web site.
(5) Determines global adjustments.
(a) Claims paid under the DRG, rehab per diem, and detox per diem payment methods were reduced to support an estimated three million five hundred thousand dollar increase in psychiatric payments to acute hospitals.
(b) Claims for acute hospitals paid under the psychiatric per diem method were increased by a factor to inflate estimated system payments by three million five hundred thousand dollars.
(6) Determines provider specific adjustments. The following adjustments are applied to the base factor or rate established in subsection (4) of this section:
(a) Wage index adjustments reflect labor costs in the cost-based statistical area (CBSA) where a hospital is located.
(i) The agency determines the labor portion by multiplying the base factor or rate by the labor factor established by medicare; then
(ii) The amount in (a)(i) of this subsection is multiplied by the most recent wage index information published by CMS at the time the rates are set; then
(iii) The agency adds the nonlabor portion of the base rate to the amount in (a)(ii) of this subsection to produce a hospital-specific wage adjusted factor.
(b) Indirect medical education factors are applied to the hospital-specific base factor or rate. The agency uses the indirect medical education factor established by medicare on the most currently available medicare cost report that exists at the time the rates are set; and
(c) Direct medical education amounts are applied to the hospital-specific base factor or rate. The agency determines a percentage of direct medical education costs to overall costs using the most currently available medicare cost report that exists at the time the rates are set.
(7) The final, hospital-specific rate is calculated using the base rate established in subsection (4) of this section along with any applicable adjustments in subsections (5) and (6) of this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.05.021
and chapter 74.60
RCW. WSR 14-12-047, § 182-550-3800, filed 5/29/14, effective 7/1/14. WSR 11-14-075, recodified as § 182-550-3800, filed 6/30/11, effective 7/1/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090
and 2005 c 518. WSR 07-14-051, § 388-550-3800, filed 6/28/07, effective 8/1/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090
. WSR 05-06-044, § 388-550-3800, filed 2/25/05, effective 7/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090
and 42 U.S.C. 1395x(v), 42 C.F.R. 447.271, .11303, and .2652. WSR 01-16-142, § 388-550-3800, filed 7/31/01, effective 8/31/01. Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090
, [74.09.]500, [74.09.]530 and 43.20B.020
. WSR 98-01-124, § 388-550-3800, filed 12/18/97, effective 1/18/98.]