Power of trustor — Trust provisions control.
*** CHANGE IN 2013 *** (SEE 5344.SL) ***
(1) The trustor of a trust may by the provisions of the trust relieve the trustee from any or all of the duties, restrictions, and liabilities which would otherwise be imposed by chapters 11.95, 11.98, 11.100, and 11.104A RCW and RCW 11.106.020, or may alter or deny any or all of the privileges and powers conferred by those provisions; or may add duties, restrictions, liabilities, privileges, or powers to those imposed or granted by those provisions. If any specific provision of those chapters is in conflict with the provisions of a trust, the provisions of the trust control whether or not specific reference is made in the trust to any of those chapters, except as provided in RCW 6.32.250, 11.96A.190, 19.36.020, 11.98.200 through 11.98.240,11.95.100 through 11.95.150, and chapter 11.103 RCW. In no event may a trustee be relieved of the duty to act in good faith and with honest judgment or the duty to provide information to beneficiaries as required in this section. Notwithstanding the breadth of discretion granted to a trustee in the terms of the trust, including the use of such terms as "absolute," "sole," or "uncontrolled," the trustee shall exercise a discretionary power in good faith and in accordance with the terms and purposes of the trust and the interests of the beneficiaries.
(2) Within sixty days after the date of acceptance of the position of trustee of an irrevocable trust, or the date the trustee of a formerly revocable trust acquires knowledge that the trust has become irrevocable, whether by the death of the trustor or otherwise, the trustee shall give notice of: (a) The existence of the trust, (b) the identity of the trustor or trustors, (c) the trustee's name, address, and telephone number, and (d) the right to request such information as is reasonably necessary to enable the notified person to enforce his or her rights under the trust, to all persons interested in the trust, as defined in RCW 11.96A.030, and who would be entitled to notice under RCW 11.96A.110 and 11.96A.120 if they were a party to judicial proceedings regarding the trust. If any such person is a minor and no guardian has been appointed for such person by any court, then such notice may be given to a parent of the person. If a person otherwise entitled to notice under this section is a charitable organization, and the charitable organization's only interest in the trust is a future interest that may be revoked, then such notice shall instead be given to the attorney general. A trustee who gives notice pursuant to this section satisfies the duty to inform the beneficiaries of the existence of the trust. The notice required under this subsection (2) applies only to irrevocable trusts created after December 31, 2011, and revocable trusts that become irrevocable after December 31, 2011, provided that all common law duties of a trustee to notify beneficiaries applicable to trusts created or that became irrevocable before such date are not affected.
(3) A trustee shall keep all persons interested in the trust, as defined in RCW 11.96A.030, and who would be entitled to notice under RCW 11.96A.110 and 11.96A.120 if they were a party to judicial proceedings regarding the trust, reasonably informed about the administration of the trust and of the material facts necessary for them to protect their interests. A report that contains the following is presumed to satisfy the trustee's duty to keep such persons reasonably informed for the relevant period of trust administration:
(a) A statement of receipts and disbursements of principal and income that have occurred during the accounting period;
(b) A statement of the assets and liabilities of the trust and their values at the beginning and end of the period;
(c) The trustee's compensation for the period;
(d) The agents hired by the trustee, their relationship to the trustee, if any, and their compensation, for the period;
(e) Disclosure of any pledge, mortgage, option, or lease of trust property, or other agreement affecting trust property binding for a period of five years or more that was granted or entered into during the accounting period;
(f) Disclosure of all transactions during the period that are equivalent to one of the types of transactions described in RCW 11.98.078 or otherwise could have been affected by a conflict between the trustee's fiduciary and personal interests;
(g) A statement that the recipient of the account information may petition the superior court pursuant to chapter 11.106 RCW to obtain review of the statement and of acts of the trustee disclosed in the statement; and
(h) A statement that claims against the trustee for breach of trust may not be made after the expiration of three years from the date the beneficiary receives the statement.
(4) Unless unreasonable under the circumstances, a trustee shall promptly respond to any beneficiary's request for information related to the administration of the trust.
(5) If a person entitled to notice under this section requests information reasonably necessary to enable the notified person to enforce his or her rights under the trust, then the trustee must provide such information within sixty days of receipt of such request. Delivery of the entire trust instrument to the persons entitled to notice under this section who request information concerning the terms of the trust reasonably necessary to enable the notified person to enforce his or her rights under the trust is deemed to satisfy the trustee's obligations under this subsection.
[2011 c 327 § 12; 2003 c 254 § 4; 1993 c 339 § 1; 1985 c 30 § 38. Prior: 1984 c 149 § 64; 1959 c 124 § 2. Formerly RCW 30.99.020.]
| Application -- Effective date -- 2011 c 327: See notes following RCW 11.103.020.|
Severability -- 1993 c 339: See note following RCW 11.98.200.
Short title -- Application -- Purpose -- Severability -- 1985 c 30:See RCW 11.02.900 through 11.02.903.
Severability -- Effective dates -- 1984 c 149: See notes following RCW 11.02.005.