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Chapter 18.32 RCW

DENTISTRY

RCW Sections

18.32.002Findings -- Purpose.
18.32.005Regulation of health care professions -- Criteria.
18.32.010Words defined.
18.32.020Practice of dentistry defined.
18.32.030Exemptions from chapter.
18.32.0351Commission established -- Membership.
18.32.0353Commission -- Removal of member -- Order of removal -- Vacancy.
18.32.0355Commission -- Qualifications of members.
18.32.0357Commission -- Duties and powers -- Attorney general to advise, represent.
18.32.0358Commission successor to other boards.
18.32.0361Compensation of commission members.
18.32.0363Examinations -- Contracts for administration -- Multistate.
18.32.0365Rules.
18.32.039Application of uniform disciplinary act.
18.32.040Requirements for licensure.
18.32.050Compensation and reimbursement for administering examination.
18.32.091License required.
18.32.100Applications.
18.32.110Application fee.
18.32.160Licenses -- Who shall sign.
18.32.170Duplicate licenses -- Fee.
18.32.180License renewal.
18.32.185Inactive license status.
18.32.190Licenses display -- Notification of address.
18.32.195University of Washington dental school faculty and residents -- Licenses.
18.32.215Licensure without examination -- Licensed in another state.
18.32.220Certificate available for dentists going out-of-state.
18.32.222Commission report -- Foreign-trained dentists -- Licensure.
18.32.226Community-based sealant programs in schools.
18.32.390Penalty -- General.
18.32.530"Unprofessional conduct."
18.32.533Unprofessional conduct -- Abrogation of copayment provisions.
18.32.534Impaired dentist program -- Content -- License surcharge.
18.32.640Rules -- Administration of sedation and general anesthesia.
18.32.655Commission -- Supervision of records -- Rules.
18.32.665Advertising -- False -- Credit terms.
18.32.675Practice or solicitation by corporations prohibited -- Penalty.
18.32.685Prescriptions -- Filled by druggists.
18.32.695Identification of new dental prostheses.
18.32.705Identification of previously fabricated prostheses.
18.32.715Identification of dental prostheses -- Violation.
18.32.725Sanitary regulations.
18.32.735Unlawful practice -- Hygienists -- Penalty.
18.32.745Unlawful practice -- Employing unlicensed dentist -- Penalty.
18.32.755Advertising -- Names used -- Penalty.
18.32.765Pilot project -- Commission -- Authority over budget.
18.32.775Disciplinary proceedings -- Cost and fee recovery.
18.32.785Pain management rules -- Criteria for new rules.
18.32.900Severability -- 1935 c 112.
18.32.910Severability -- 1953 c 93.
18.32.915Severability -- 1977 ex.s. c 5.
18.32.916Severability -- 1979 c 38.

Notes:

Anesthesia, administration for nondental purposes: RCW 18.71.030.

Dental hygienists: Chapter 18.29 RCW.

Dentists, actions against, limitation of: RCW 4.16.350.

Health professions account -- Fees credited -- Requirements for biennial budget request -- Unappropriated funds: RCW 43.70.320.

Lien of doctors: Chapter 60.44 RCW.

Rebating by practitioners of healing professions prohibited: Chapter 19.68 RCW.



18.32.002
Findings — Purpose.

The legislature finds that the health and well-being of the people of this state are of paramount importance.

     The legislature further finds that the conduct of members of the dental profession licensed to practice dentistry in this state plays a vital role in preserving the health and well-being of the people of the state.

     The legislature further finds that requiring continuing dental education for all licensed dentists in the state is an important component of providing high quality dentistry for the people of this state.

     The legislature further finds that there is no effective means of handling disciplinary proceedings against members of the dental profession licensed in this state when such proceedings are necessary for the protection of the public health.

     Therefore, the legislature declares its intention to exercise the police power of the state to protect the public health, to promote the welfare of the state, and to provide a commission to act as a disciplinary and regulatory body for the members of the dental profession licensed to practice dentistry in this state.

     It is the purpose of the commission established in RCW
18.32.0351 to regulate the competency and quality of professional health care providers under its jurisdiction by establishing, monitoring, and enforcing qualifications for licensure, continuing education, consistent standards of practice, continuing competency mechanisms, and discipline. Rules, policies, and procedures developed by the commission must promote the delivery of quality health care to the residents of the state.

[1999 c 364 § 1; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 201.]




18.32.005
Regulation of health care professions — Criteria.

See chapter 18.120 RCW.




18.32.010
Words defined.

Words used in the singular in this chapter may also be applied to the plural of the persons and things; words importing the plural may be applied to the singular; words importing the masculine gender may be extended to females also; the term "commission" used in this chapter shall mean the Washington state dental quality assurance commission; and the term "secretary" shall mean the secretary of health of the state of Washington.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 202; 1991 c 3 § 58; 1935 c 112 § 1; RRS § 10031-1.]

Notes:

Number and gender: RCW 1.12.050.



18.32.020
Practice of dentistry defined.

A person practices dentistry, within the meaning of this chapter, who (1) represents himself or herself as being able to diagnose, treat, remove stains and concretions from teeth, operate or prescribe for any disease, pain, injury, deficiency, deformity, or physical condition of the human teeth, alveolar process, gums, or jaw, or (2) offers or undertakes by any means or methods to diagnose, treat, remove stains or concretions from teeth, operate or prescribe for any disease, pain, injury, deficiency, deformity, or physical condition of the same, or take impressions of the teeth or jaw, or (3) owns, maintains, or operates an office for the practice of dentistry, or (4) engages in any of the practices included in the curricula of recognized and approved dental schools or colleges, or (5) professes to the public by any method to furnish, supply, construct, reproduce, or repair any prosthetic denture, bridge, appliance, or other structure to be worn in the human mouth.

     The fact that a person uses any dental degree, or designation, or any card, device, directory, poster, sign, or other media whereby he or she represents himself or herself to be a dentist, shall be prima facie evidence that such person is engaged in the practice of dentistry.

     X-ray diagnosis as to the method of dental practice in which the diagnosis and examination is made of the normal and abnormal structures, parts, or functions of the human teeth, the alveolar process, maxilla, mandible or soft tissues adjacent thereto, is hereby declared to be the practice of dentistry. Any person other than a regularly licensed physician or surgeon who makes any diagnosis or interpretation or explanation, or attempts to diagnose or to make any interpretation or explanation of the registered shadow or shadows of any part of the human teeth, alveolar process, maxilla, mandible or soft tissues adjacent thereto by the use of X-ray is declared to be engaged in the practice of dentistry, medicine, or surgery.

     The practice of dentistry includes the performance of any dental or oral and maxillofacial surgery. "Oral and maxillofacial surgery" means the specialty of dentistry that includes the diagnosis and surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.

[2011 c 336 § 477; 1996 c 259 § 1; 1957 c 98 § 1; 1957 c 52 § 20. Prior: (i) 1935 c 112 § 6; RRS § 10031-6. (ii) 1943 c 240 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1943 § 10031-6a.]




18.32.030
Exemptions from chapter.

The following practices, acts, and operations are excepted from the operation of the provisions of this chapter:

     (1) The rendering of dental relief in emergency cases in the practice of his or her profession by a physician or surgeon, licensed as such and registered under the laws of this state, unless the physician or surgeon undertakes to or does reproduce lost parts of the human teeth in the mouth or to restore or to replace in the human mouth lost or missing teeth;

     (2) The practice of dentistry in the discharge of official duties by dentists in the United States federal services on federal reservations, including but not limited to the armed services, coast guard, public health service, veterans' bureau, or bureau of Indian affairs;

     (3) Dental schools or colleges approved under RCW
18.32.040, and the practice of dentistry by students in accredited dental schools or colleges approved by the commission, when acting under the direction and supervision of Washington state-licensed dental school faculty;

     (4) The practice of dentistry by licensed dentists of other states or countries while appearing as clinicians at meetings of the Washington state dental association, or component parts thereof, or at meetings sanctioned by them, or other groups approved by the commission;

     (5) The use of roentgen and other rays for making radiographs or similar records of dental or oral tissues, under the supervision of a licensed dentist or physician;

     (6) The making, repairing, altering, or supplying of artificial restorations, substitutions, appliances, or materials for the correction of disease, loss, deformity, malposition, dislocation, fracture, injury to the jaws, teeth, lips, gums, cheeks, palate, or associated tissues or parts; providing the same are made, repaired, altered, or supplied pursuant to the written instructions and order of a licensed dentist which may be accompanied by casts, models, or impressions furnished by the dentist, and the prescriptions shall be retained and filed for a period of not less than three years and shall be available to and subject to the examination of the secretary or the secretary's authorized representatives;

     (7) The removal of deposits and stains from the surfaces of the teeth, the application of topical preventative or prophylactic agents, and the polishing and smoothing of restorations, when performed or prescribed by a dental hygienist licensed under the laws of this state;

     (8) A qualified and licensed physician and surgeon or osteopathic physician and surgeon extracting teeth or performing oral surgery pursuant to the scope of practice under chapter 18.71 or 18.57 RCW;

     (9) The performing of dental operations or services by registered dental assistants and licensed expanded function dental auxiliaries holding a credential issued under chapter 18.260 RCW when performed under the supervision of a licensed dentist, or by other persons not licensed under this chapter if the person is licensed pursuant to chapter 18.29, 18.57, 18.71, or 18.79 RCW as it applies to registered nurses and advanced registered nurse practitioners, each while acting within the scope of the person's permitted practice under the person's license: PROVIDED HOWEVER, That such persons shall in no event perform the following dental operations or services unless permitted to be performed by the person under this chapter or chapters 18.29, 18.57, 18.71, 18.79 as it applies to registered nurses and advanced registered nurse practitioners, and 18.260 RCW:

     (a) Any removal of or addition to the hard or soft tissue of the oral cavity;

     (b) Any diagnosis of or prescription for treatment of disease, pain, deformity, deficiency, injury, or physical condition of the human teeth or jaws, or adjacent structure;

     (c) Any administration of general or injected local anaesthetic of any nature in connection with a dental operation, including intravenous sedation;

     (d) Any oral prophylaxis;

     (e) The taking of any impressions of the teeth or jaw or the relationships of the teeth or jaws, for the purpose of fabricating any intra-oral restoration, appliance, or prosthesis; and

     (10) The performing of dental services described in RCW 18.350.040 by dental anesthesia assistants certified under chapter 18.350 RCW when working under the supervision and direction of an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dental anesthesiologist.

[2012 c 23 § 7; 2007 c 269 § 15; 2003 c 282 § 1; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 203; 1991 c 3 § 59; 1989 c 202 § 13; 1979 c 158 § 35; 1971 ex.s. c 236 § 1; 1969 c 47 § 7; 1957 c 52 § 21; 1953 c 93 § 1; 1951 c 130 § 1. Prior: (i) 1941 c 92 § 3; 1935 c 112 § 25; Rem. Supp. 1941 § 10031-25; prior: 1923 c 16 § 23. (ii) 1935 c 112 § 6; RRS § 10031-6; prior: 1923 c 16 § 1; 1901 c 152 § 5; 1893 c 55 § 11.]

Notes:

     Application -- Implementation -- 2007 c 269: See RCW 18.260.900 and 18.260.901.




18.32.0351
Commission established — Membership.

The Washington state dental quality assurance commission is established, consisting of sixteen members each appointed by the governor to a four-year term. No member may serve more than two consecutive full terms. In appointing the initial members of the commission, it is the intent of the legislature that, to the extent possible, members of the previous boards and committees regulating these professions be appointed to the commission. Members of the commission hold office until their successors are appointed. The governor may appoint members of the initial commission to staggered terms of from one to four years. Thereafter, all members shall be appointed to full four-year terms. Twelve members of the commission must be dentists, two members must be expanded function dental auxiliaries licensed under chapter 18.260 RCW, and two members must be public members.

[2007 c 269 § 16; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 204.]

Notes:

     Effective date -- 2007 c 269 § 16: "Section 16 of this act takes effect July 1, 2009." [2007 c 269 § 20.]

     Application -- Implementation -- 2007 c 269: See RCW 18.260.900 and 18.260.901.




18.32.0353
Commission — Removal of member — Order of removal — Vacancy.

The governor may remove a member of the commission for neglect of duty, misconduct, or malfeasance or misfeasance in office. Whenever the governor is satisfied that a member of the commission has been guilty of neglect of duty, misconduct, or malfeasance or misfeasance in office, the governor shall file with the secretary of state a statement of the causes for and the order of removal from office, and the secretary shall forthwith send a certified copy of the order of removal and statement of causes by certified mail to the last known post office address of the member. If a vacancy occurs on the commission, the governor shall appoint a replacement to fill the remainder of the unexpired term.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 205.]




18.32.0355
Commission — Qualifications of members.

Members must be citizens of the United States and residents of this state. Dentist members must be licensed dentists in the active practice of dentistry for a period of five years before appointment. Of the twelve dentists appointed to the commission, at least four must reside and engage in the active practice of dentistry east of the summit of the Cascade mountain range. Public members of the commission may not be a member of any other health care licensing board or commission, or have a fiduciary obligation to a facility rendering health services regulated by the commission, or have a material or financial interest in the rendering of health services regulated by the commission.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 206.]




18.32.0357
Commission — Duties and powers — Attorney general to advise, represent.

The commission shall elect officers each year. Meetings of the commission are open to the public, except the commission may hold executive sessions to the extent permitted by chapter 42.30 RCW. The secretary of health shall furnish such secretarial, clerical, and other assistance as the commission may require.

     A majority of the commission members appointed and serving constitutes a quorum for the transaction of commission business. The affirmative vote of a majority of a quorum of the commission is required to carry a motion or resolution, to adopt a rule, or to pass a measure.

     The commission may appoint members of panels consisting of not less than three members. A quorum for transaction of any business shall be a minimum of three members. A majority vote of a quorum of the panel is required to transact business delegated to it by the commission.

     The members of the commission are immune from suit in an action, civil or criminal, based upon its disciplinary proceedings or other official acts performed in good faith as members of the commission.

     The commission may, whenever the workload of the commission requires, request that the secretary appoint pro tempore members. While serving as members pro tempore persons have all the powers, duties, and immunities, and are entitled to the emoluments, including travel expenses, of the commission.

     The commission shall prepare or determine the nature of the examinations for applicants to practice dentistry.

     The commission shall establish continuing dental education requirements.

     The attorney general shall advise the commission and represent it in all legal proceedings.

[1999 c 364 § 2; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 207.]




18.32.0358
Commission successor to other boards.

The commission is the successor in interest of the board of dental examiners and the dental disciplinary board. All contracts, undertakings, agreements, rules, regulations, and policies continue in full force and effect on July 1, 1994, unless otherwise repealed or rejected by chapter 9, Laws of 1994 sp. sess. or by the commission.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 226.]




18.32.0361
Compensation of commission members.

Each member of the commission shall be compensated in accordance with RCW 43.03.265. Members shall be reimbursed for travel expenses incurred in the actual performance of their duties, as provided in RCW 43.03.050 and 43.03.060. Commission members shall be compensated and reimbursed for their activities in developing or administering a multistate licensing examination, as provided in this chapter.

[1999 c 366 § 3; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 208.]




18.32.0363
Examinations — Contracts for administration — Multistate.

The commission may contract with competent persons on a temporary basis to assist in developing or administering examinations for licensure.

     The commission may enter into compacts and agreements with other states and with organizations formed by several states, for the purpose of conducting multistate licensing examinations. The commission may enter into the compacts and agreements even though they would result in the examination of a candidate for a license in this state by an examiner or examiners from another state or states, and even though the compacts and agreements would result in the examination of a candidate or candidates for a license in another state or states by an examiner or examiners from this state.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 209.]




18.32.0365
Rules.

The commission may adopt rules in accordance with chapter 34.05 RCW to implement this chapter and chapter 18.130 RCW.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 210.]




18.32.039
Application of uniform disciplinary act.

The uniform disciplinary act, chapter 18.130 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter.

[1987 c 150 § 17; 1986 c 259 § 34.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901.

     Severability -- 1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010.




18.32.040
Requirements for licensure.

The commission shall require that every applicant for a license to practice dentistry shall:

     (1) Present satisfactory evidence of graduation from a dental college, school, or dental department of an institution approved by the commission;

     (2) Submit, for the files of the commission, a recent picture duly identified and attested; and

     (3)(a) Pass an examination prepared or approved by and administered under the direction of the commission. The dentistry licensing examination shall consist of practical and written tests upon such subjects and of such scope as the commission determines. The commission shall set the standards for passing the examination. The secretary shall keep on file the examination papers and records of examination for at least one year. This file shall be open for inspection by the applicant or the applicant's agent unless the disclosure will compromise the examination process as determined by the commission or is exempted from disclosure under chapter
42.56 RCW.

     (b) The commission may accept, in lieu of all or part of the written examination required in (a) of this subsection, a certificate granted by a national or regional testing organization approved by the commission.

     (c) The commission shall accept, in lieu of the practical examination required in (a) of this subsection, proof that an applicant has satisfactorily completed a postdoctoral dental residency program accredited by the commission on dental accreditation of the American dental association and approved by the commission, of one to three year's duration, in a community health clinic that serves predominantly low-income patients or is located in a dental care health professional shortage area in this state, and that includes an outcome assessment evaluation, other than the western regional examining board's clinical examination, assessing the resident's competence to practice dentistry. The commission shall develop criteria, consistent with the standards of the commission on dental accreditation of the American dental association, for community clinics to use when sponsoring students in a residency program under this subsection, including guidelines for the proper supervision of the resident and measuring the resident's competence to practice dentistry.

[2005 c 454 § 2; 2005 c 274 § 222; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 211; 1991 c 3 § 61; 1989 c 202 § 16; 1979 c 38 § 2; 1935 c 112 § 5; RRS § 10031-5. Prior: 1923 c 16 §§ 4, 5. Formerly RCW 18.32.040 and 18.32.130 through 18.32.150.]

Notes:

     Reviser's note: This section was amended by 2005 c 274 § 222 and by 2005 c 454 § 2, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1).

     Effective date -- 2005 c 454: See note following RCW 18.82.195.

     Part headings not law -- Effective date--2005 c 274: See RCW 42.56.901 and 42.56.902.




18.32.050
Compensation and reimbursement for administering examination.

Commission members shall be compensated and reimbursed pursuant to this section for their activities in administering a multi-state licensing examination pursuant to the commission's compact or agreement with another state or states or with organizations formed by several states.

[1995 c 198 § 2; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 212; 1984 c 287 § 30; 1979 c 38 § 3; 1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 34 § 34; 1967 c 188 § 2; 1957 c 52 § 23; 1953 c 93 § 3. Prior: 1935 c 112 § 11, part; RRS § 10031-11, part.]

Notes:

     Legislative findings -- Severability -- Effective date -- 1984 c 287: See notes following RCW 43.03.220.

     Effective date -- Severability -- 1975-'76 2nd ex.s. c 34: See notes following RCW 2.08.115.




18.32.091
License required.

No person, unless previously licensed to practice dentistry in this state, shall begin the practice of dentistry without first applying to, and obtaining a license.

[1987 c 150 § 18.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1987 c 150: See RCW 18.122.901.




18.32.100
Applications.

The applicant for a dentistry license shall file an application on a form furnished by the secretary, stating the applicant's name, age, place of residence, the name of the school or schools attended by the applicant, the period of such attendance, the date of the applicant's graduation, whether the applicant has ever been the subject of any disciplinary action related to the practice of dentistry, and shall include a statement of all of the applicant's dental activities. This shall include any other information deemed necessary by the commission.

     The application shall be signed by the applicant and sworn to by the applicant before some person authorized to administer oaths, and shall be accompanied by proof of the applicant's school attendance and graduation.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 213; 1991 c 3 § 62; 1989 c 202 § 18; 1957 c 52 § 28; 1953 c 93 § 4; 1951 c 130 § 2; 1941 c 92 § 2; 1935 c 112 § 4; Rem. Supp. 1941 § 10031-4, part. Prior: 1923 c 16 §§ 2, 3, 6, 7; 1901 c 152 § 1; 1893 c 55 § 4.]




18.32.110
Application fee.

Each applicant shall pay a fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280.

[1996 c 191 § 14; 1991 c 3 § 63; 1989 c 202 § 19; 1985 c 7 § 23; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 27; 1969 c 49 § 1; 1957 c 52 § 29. Prior: 1941 c 92 § 2, part; 1935 c 112 § 4; Rem. Supp. 1941 § 10031-4, part.]




18.32.160
Licenses — Who shall sign.

All licenses issued by the secretary on behalf of the commission shall be signed by the secretary or chairperson and secretary of the commission.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 215; 1991 c 3 § 65; 1989 c 202 § 21; 1951 c 130 § 3; 1935 c 112 § 17; RRS § 10031-17.]




18.32.170
Duplicate licenses — Fee.

A fee determined by the secretary as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280 shall be charged for every duplicate license issued by the secretary.

[1996 c 191 § 15; 1991 c 3 § 66; 1985 c 7 § 25; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 29; 1957 c 52 § 25. Prior: 1935 c 112 § 11, part; RRS § 10031-11, part.]




18.32.180
License renewal.

Every person licensed to practice dentistry in this state shall renew his or her license and comply with administrative procedures, administrative requirements, continuing education requirements, and fees as provided in RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280. The commission, in its sole discretion, may permit the applicant to be licensed without examination, and with or without conditions, if it is satisfied that the applicant meets all the requirements for licensure in this state and is competent to engage in the practice of dentistry.

[1999 c 364 § 3; 1996 c 191 § 16; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 216; 1991 c 3 § 67; 1989 c 202 § 22; 1985 c 7 § 26; 1975 1st ex.s. c 30 § 30; 1969 c 49 § 3; 1951 c 130 § 4; 1935 c 112 § 24; RRS § 10031-24.]

Notes:

     Application -- 1999 c 364: "The continuing education requirements of RCW 18.32.180 apply to licenses renewed after July 1, 2001." [1999 c 364 § 4.]




18.32.185
Inactive license status.

The commission may adopt rules under this section authorizing an inactive license status.

     (1) An individual licensed under chapter
18.32 RCW may place his or her license on inactive status. The holder of an inactive license must not practice dentistry in this state without first activating the license.

     (2) The inactive renewal fee must be established by the secretary under RCW 43.70.250. Failure to renew an inactive license shall result in cancellation of the inactive license in the same manner as an active license.

     (3) An inactive license may be placed in an active status upon compliance with rules established by the commission.

     (4) Provisions relating to disciplinary action against a person with a license are applicable to a person with an inactive license, except that when disciplinary proceedings against a person with an inactive license have been initiated, the license will remain inactive until the proceedings have been completed.

[1996 c 187 § 1.]




18.32.190
Licenses display — Notification of address.

Every person who engages in the practice of dentistry in this state shall cause his or her license to be, at all times, displayed in a conspicuous place, in his or her office wherein he or she shall practice such profession, and shall further, whenever requested, exhibit such license to any of the members of the commission, or its authorized agent, and to the secretary or his or her authorized agent. Every licensee shall notify the secretary of the address or addresses, and of every change thereof, where the licensee shall engage in the practice of dentistry.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 217; 1991 c 3 § 68; 1981 c 277 § 7; 1935 c 112 § 7; RRS § 10031-7. Prior: 1923 c 16 § 15; 1893 c 55 § 5.]




18.32.195
University of Washington dental school faculty and residents — Licenses.

The commission may, without examination, issue a license to persons who possess the qualifications set forth in this section.

     (1) The commission may, upon written request of the dean of the school of dentistry of the University of Washington, issue a license to practice dentistry in this state to persons who have been licensed or otherwise authorized to practice dentistry in another state or country and who have been accepted for employment by the school of dentistry as faculty members. For purposes of this subsection, this means teaching members of the faculty of the school of dentistry of the University of Washington. Such license shall permit the holder thereof to practice dentistry within the confines of the university facilities for a period of one year while he or she is so employed as a faculty member by the school of dentistry of the University of Washington. It shall terminate whenever the holder ceases to be a faculty member. Such license shall permit the holder thereof to practice dentistry only in connection with his or her duties in employment with the school of dentistry of the University of Washington. This limitation shall be stated on the license.

     (2) The commission may, upon written request of the dean of the school of dentistry of the University of Washington or the director of a postdoctoral dental residency program approved by the commission, issue a limited license to practice dentistry in this state to university postdoctoral students or residents in dental education or to postdoctoral residents in a dental residency program approved by the commission. Prior to July 1, 2010, a dental residency program must be accredited by the commission on dental accreditation, or be in the process of obtaining such accreditation, in order to be approved by the commission. On or after July 1, 2010, the dental residency program must be accredited by the commission on dental accreditation in order to be approved by the commission. The license shall permit the resident dentist to provide dental care only in connection with his or her duties as a university postdoctoral dental student or resident or a postdoctoral resident in a program approved by the commission.

     (3) The commission may condition the granting of a license under this section with terms the commission deems appropriate. All persons licensed under this section shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the commission to the same extent as other members of the dental profession, in accordance with this chapter, and in addition the licensee may be disciplined by the commission after a hearing has been held in accordance with the provisions set forth in this chapter, and determination by the commission that such licensee has violated any of the restrictions set forth in this section.

     (4) Persons applying for licensure pursuant to this section shall pay the application fee determined by the secretary and, in the event the license applied for is issued, a license fee at the rate provided for licenses generally. After review by the commission, licenses issued under this section may be renewed annually if the licensee continues to be employed as a faculty member of the school of dentistry of the University of Washington, or is a university postdoctoral student or resident in dental education, or a postdoctoral resident in a dental residency program approved by the commission, and otherwise meets the requirements of the provisions and conditions deemed appropriate by the commission. Any person who obtains a license pursuant to this section may, without an additional application fee, apply for licensure under this chapter, in which case the applicant shall be subject to examination and the other requirements of this chapter.

[2009 c 327 § 1. Prior: 2005 c 454 § 1; 2005 c 164 § 1; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 218; 1992 c 59 § 1; 1991 c 3 § 69; 1985 c 111 § 1.]

Notes:

     Effective date -- 2009 c 327: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [May 4, 2009]." [2009 c 327 § 2.]

     Effective date -- 2005 c 454: "This act takes effect July 1, 2006." [2005 c 454 § 4.]




18.32.215
Licensure without examination — Licensed in another state.

(1) An applicant holding a valid license and currently engaged in practice in another state may be granted a license without examination required by this chapter, on the payment of any required fees, if the applicant:

     (a) Is a graduate of a dental college, school, or dental department of an institution approved by the commission under RCW
18.32.040(1); or

     (b)(i) Has practiced in another state for at least four years; and

     (ii) Has completed a one-year postdoctoral residency approved by the commission. The residency may have been completed outside Washington.

     (2) The commission may also require the applicant to: (a) File with the commission documentation certifying the applicant is licensed to practice in another state; and (b) provide information as the commission deems necessary pertaining to the conditions and criteria of the Uniform Disciplinary Act, chapter 18.130 RCW, and to demonstrate to the commission a knowledge of Washington law pertaining to the practice of dentistry.

[2008 c 147 § 1; 2003 c 57 § 2; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 219; 1989 c 202 § 30.]

Notes:

     Finding -- 2003 c 57: "The legislature finds and declares that access to dental care is severely hampered by a critical and emergent shortage of dental providers in Washington state. Dental disease is an epidemic among poor children, the elderly, the disabled, and anyone who does not have access to adequate dental care. Dental decay is worsening among children under four years of age, with forty-one percent of the state's head start children needing treatment for dental decay. The lack of qualified dentists poses a serious and compelling threat to the oral health of the people of this state.

     Shortages are also due to licensing restrictions that have discouraged qualified dentists from coming into this state. Increasing the number of dentists from other states and from military service would enable retiring dentists in this state to sell their practices to other qualified practitioners." [2003 c 57 § 1.]




18.32.220
Certificate available for dentists going out-of-state.

Anyone who is a licensed dentist in the state of Washington who desires to change residence to another state or territory, shall, upon application to the secretary and payment of a fee as determined by the secretary under RCW 43.70.250 and 43.70.280, receive a certificate over the signature of the secretary or his or her designee, which shall attest to the facts mentioned in this section, and giving the date upon which the dentist was licensed.

[1996 c 191 § 17; 1991 c 3 § 70; 1989 c 202 § 23; 1935 c 112 § 14; RRS § 10031-14. FORMER PART OF SECTION: 1935 c 112 § 15; RRS § 10031-15, now codified as RCW 18.32.225.]




18.32.222
Commission report — Foreign-trained dentists — Licensure.

By November 15, 2009, the commission shall report to the governor and the legislature with recommendations for appropriate standards for issuing a license to a foreign-trained dentist. The recommendations shall consider the balance between maintaining assurances that Washington's dental professionals are well-qualified and planning for an adequate supply of dentists to meet the future needs of Washington's diverse urban and rural communities. In addition to considering the use of standards established by accreditation organizations, the recommendations shall consider other options to reduce barriers to licensure.

[2008 c 147 § 2.]




18.32.226
Community-based sealant programs in schools.

(1) For low-income, rural, and other at-risk populations and in coordination with local public health jurisdictions and local oral health coalitions, a dental assistant working as of April 19, 2001, under the supervision of a licensed dentist may apply sealants and fluoride varnishes under the general supervision of a dentist in community-based sealant programs carried out in schools without attending the department's school sealant endorsement program.

     (2) For low-income, rural, and other at-risk populations and in coordination with local public health jurisdictions and local oral health coalitions, dental assistants who are school sealant endorsed under RCW
43.70.650 may apply sealants and fluoride varnishes under the general supervision of a dentist in community-based sealant programs carried out in schools.

[2001 c 93 § 4.]

Notes:

     Findings -- Intent -- Effective date -- 2001 c 93: See notes following RCW 43.70.650.




18.32.390
Penalty — General.

Any person who violates any of the provisions of the chapter for which no specific penalty has been provided herein, shall be subject to prosecution before any court of competent jurisdiction, and shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a gross misdemeanor.

[1986 c 259 § 38; 1935 c 112 § 16; RRS § 10031-16. Prior: 1901 c 152 § 4; 1893 c 55 § 8.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010.




18.32.530
"Unprofessional conduct."

In addition to those acts defined in chapter 18.130 RCW, the term "unprofessional conduct" as used in RCW 18.32.530 through 18.32.755 includes gross, willful, or continued overcharging for professional services.

[1989 c 202 § 26; 1986 c 259 § 41; 1977 ex.s. c 5 § 3.]

Notes:

     Savings -- 1986 c 259 §§ 36, 37, 41, 43: See note following RCW 18.32.665.

     Severability -- 1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010.

Violation of chapter 69.50 RCW, the Uniform Controlled Substances Act -- Suspension of license: RCW 69.50.413.




18.32.533
Unprofessional conduct — Abrogation of copayment provisions.

It is unprofessional conduct under this chapter and chapter 18.130 RCW for a dentist to abrogate the copayment provisions of a contract by accepting the payment received from a third party payer as full payment.

[1985 c 202 § 1.]




18.32.534
Impaired dentist program — Content — License surcharge.

(1) To implement an impaired dentist program as authorized by RCW 18.130.175, the commission shall enter into a contract with a voluntary substance abuse monitoring program. The impaired dentist program may include any or all of the following:

     (a) Contracting with providers of treatment programs;

     (b) Receiving and evaluating reports of suspected impairment from any source;

     (c) Intervening in cases of verified impairment;

     (d) Referring impaired dentists to treatment programs;

     (e) Monitoring the treatment and rehabilitation of impaired dentists including those ordered by the commission;

     (f) Providing education, prevention of impairment, posttreatment monitoring, and support of rehabilitated impaired dentists; and

     (g) Performing other related activities as determined by the commission.

     (2) A contract entered into under subsection (1) of this section shall be financed by a surcharge of up to fifty dollars on each license issuance or renewal to be collected by the department of health from every dentist licensed under chapter 18.32 RCW. These moneys shall be placed in the health professions account to be used solely for the implementation of the impaired dentist program.

[2013 c 129 § 1; 1999 c 179 § 1; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 220; 1991 c 3 § 72; 1989 c 125 § 1.]




18.32.640
Rules — Administration of sedation and general anesthesia.

(1) The commission may adopt such rules as it deems necessary to carry out this chapter.

     (2) The commission may adopt rules governing administration of sedation and general anesthesia by persons licensed under this chapter, including necessary training, education, equipment, and the issuance of any permits, certificates, or registration as required.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 221; 1988 c 217 § 1; 1986 c 259 § 42; 1977 ex.s. c 5 § 14.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010.




18.32.655
Commission — Supervision of records — Rules.

The commission shall:

     (1) Require licensed dentists to keep and maintain a copy of each laboratory referral instruction, describing detailed services rendered, for a period to be determined by the commission but not more than three years, and may require the production of all such records for examination by the commission or its authorized representatives; and

     (2) Adopt reasonable rules requiring licensed dentists to make, maintain, and produce for examination by the commission or its authorized representatives such other records as may be reasonable and proper in the performance of its duties and enforcing the provisions of this chapter.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 222; 1986 c 259 § 35; 1953 c 93 § 8. Formerly RCW 18.32.085.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010.




18.32.665
Advertising — False — Credit terms.

It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to publish, directly or indirectly, or circulate any fraudulent, false, or misleading statements within the state of Washington as to the skill or method of practice of any person or operator; or in any way to advertise in print any matter with a view of deceiving the public, or in any way that will tend to deceive or defraud the public; or to claim superiority over neighboring dental practitioners; or to publish reports of cases or certificates of same in any public advertising media; or to advertise as using any anesthetic, drug, formula, medicine, which is either falsely advertised or misnamed; or to employ "capper" or "steerers" to obtain patronage; and any person committing any offense against any of the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction, be subjected to such penalties as are provided in this chapter: PROVIDED, That any person licensed under this chapter may announce credit, terms of credit or installment payments that may be made at periodical intervals to apply on account of any dental service rendered. The commission may adopt such rules as are necessary to carry out the intent of this section.

[1994 sp.s. c 9 § 223; 1986 c 259 § 36; 1935 c 112 § 20; RRS § 10031-20. Formerly RCW 18.32.290.]

Notes:

     Savings -- 1986 c 259 §§ 36, 37, 41, 43: "The repeal of RCW 18.32.090 and 18.32.550 and the amendment of RCW 18.32.290, 18.32.360, and 18.32.530 by this act shall not be construed as affecting any rights and duties which matured, penalties which were incurred, and proceedings which were begun before June 11, 1986." [1986 c 259 § 44.]

     Severability -- 1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010.

False advertising: RCW 9.04.010.




18.32.675
Practice or solicitation by corporations prohibited — Penalty.

(1) No corporation shall practice dentistry or shall solicit through itself, or its agent, officers, employees, directors or trustees, dental patronage for any dentists or dental surgeon employed by any corporation: PROVIDED, That nothing contained in this chapter shall prohibit a corporation from employing a dentist or dentists to render dental services to its employees: PROVIDED, FURTHER, That such dental services shall be rendered at no cost or charge to the employees; nor shall it apply to corporations or associations in which the dental services were originated and are being conducted upon a purely charitable basis for the worthy poor, nor shall it apply to corporations or associations furnishing information or clerical services which can be furnished by persons not licensed to practice dentistry, to any person lawfully engaged in the practice of dentistry, when such dentist assumes full responsibility for such information and services.

     (2) Any corporation violating this section is guilty of a gross misdemeanor, and each day that this chapter is violated shall be considered a separate offense.

[2003 c 53 § 124; 1935 c 112 § 19; RRS § 10031-19. Formerly RCW 18.32.310.]

Notes:

     Intent -- Effective date -- 2003 c 53: See notes following RCW 2.48.180.




18.32.685
Prescriptions — Filled by druggists.

Registered pharmacists of this state may fill prescriptions of legally licensed dentists of this state for any drug necessary in the practice of dentistry.

[1935 c 112 § 26; RRS § 10031-26. Prior: 1923 c 16 § 24. Formerly RCW 18.32.320.]

Notes:

Pharmacists: Chapter 18.64 RCW.



18.32.695
Identification of new dental prostheses.

Every complete upper and lower denture and removable dental prosthesis fabricated by a dentist licensed under this chapter, or fabricated pursuant to the dentist's work order or under the dentist's direction or supervision, shall be marked with the name of the patient for whom the prosthesis is intended. The markings shall be done during fabrication and shall be permanent, legible, and cosmetically acceptable. The exact location of the markings and the methods used to apply or implant them shall be determined by the dentist or dental laboratory fabricating the prosthesis. If, in the professional judgment of the dentist or dental laboratory, this identification is not practical, identification shall be provided as follows:

     (1) The initials of the patient may be shown alone, if use of the name of the patient is impracticable; or

     (2) The identification marks may be omitted in their entirety if none of the forms of identification specified in subsection (1) of this section is practicable or clinically safe.

[1987 c 252 § 1. Formerly RCW 18.32.322.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1987 c 252: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1987 c 252 § 5.]




18.32.705
Identification of previously fabricated prostheses.

Any removable prosthesis in existence before July 26, 1987, that was not marked in accordance with RCW 18.32.695 at the time of its fabrication, shall be so marked at the time of any subsequent rebasing.

[1987 c 252 § 2. Formerly RCW 18.32.324.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1987 c 252: See note following RCW 18.32.695.




18.32.715
Identification of dental prostheses — Violation.

Failure of any dentist to comply with RCW 18.32.695 and 18.32.705 is a violation for which the dentist may be subject to proceedings if the dentist is charged with the violation within two years of initial insertion of the dental prosthetic device.

[1987 c 252 § 4. Formerly RCW 18.32.328.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1987 c 252: See note following RCW 18.32.695.




18.32.725
Sanitary regulations.

It shall be the duty of every person engaged in the practice of dentistry or who shall own, operate, or manage any dental office to keep said office and dental equipment in a thoroughly clean and sanitary condition.

[1935 c 112 § 27; RRS § 10031-27. Prior: 1923 c 16 § 25. Formerly RCW 18.32.330.]




18.32.735
Unlawful practice — Hygienists — Penalty.

Any licensed dentist who shall permit any dental hygienist operating under his or her supervision to perform any operation required to be performed by a dentist under the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

[2011 c 336 § 478; 1935 c 112 § 28; RRS § 10031-28. Formerly RCW 18.32.340.]




18.32.745
Unlawful practice — Employing unlicensed dentist — Penalty.

(1) No manager, proprietor, partnership, or association owning, operating, or controlling any room, office, or dental parlors, where dental work is done, provided, or contracted for, shall employ or retain any unlicensed person or dentist as an operator; nor shall fail, within ten days after demand made by the secretary of health or the commission in writing sent by certified mail, addressed to any such manager, proprietor, partnership, or association at the room, office, or dental parlor, to furnish the secretary of health or the commission with the names and addresses of all persons practicing or assisting in the practice of dentistry in his or her place of business or under his or her control, together with a sworn statement showing by what license or authority the persons are practicing dentistry.

     (2) The sworn statement shall not be used as evidence in any subsequent court proceedings, except in a prosecution for perjury connected with its execution.

     (3) Any violation of this section is improper, unprofessional, and dishonorable conduct, and grounds for injunction proceedings as provided by this chapter.

     (4)(a) Except as provided in (b) of this subsection, a violation of this section is also a gross misdemeanor.

     (b) The failure to furnish the information as may be requested in accordance with this section is a misdemeanor.

[2003 c 53 § 125; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 224; 1991 c 3 § 73; 1977 ex.s. c 5 § 31; 1957 c 52 § 38; 1953 c 93 § 7. Prior: 1937 c 45 § 1, part; 1935 c 112 § 18, part; RRS § 10031-18, part. Formerly RCW 18.32.350.]

Notes:

     Intent -- Effective date -- 2003 c 53: See notes following RCW 2.48.180.




18.32.755
Advertising — Names used — Penalty.

(1) Any advertisement or announcement for dental services must include for each office location advertised the names of all persons practicing dentistry at that office location.

     (2) Any violation of this section is improper, unprofessional, and dishonorable conduct, and grounds for injunction proceedings as provided by RCW
18.130.190(4).

     (3) A violation of this section is also a gross misdemeanor.

[2003 c 53 § 126; 1994 sp.s. c 9 § 225; 1986 c 259 § 37; 1957 c 52 § 39. Prior: 1937 c 45 § 1, part; 1935 c 112 § 18, part; RRS § 10031-18, part. Formerly RCW 18.32.360.]

Notes:

     Intent -- Effective date -- 2003 c 53: See notes following RCW 2.48.180.

     Savings -- 1986 c 259 §§ 36, 37, 41, 43: See note following RCW 18.32.660.

     Severability -- 1986 c 259: See note following RCW 18.130.010.




18.32.765
Pilot project — Commission — Authority over budget.

(1) The commission may conduct a pilot project to evaluate the effect of granting the commission additional authority over budget development, spending, and staffing. If the commission intends to conduct a pilot project, it must provide a notice in writing to the secretary by June 1, 2008. If the commission chooses to conduct a pilot project, the pilot project shall begin on July 1, 2008, and conclude on June 30, 2013.

     (2) The pilot project shall include the following provisions:

     (a) That the secretary shall employ an executive director that is:

     (i) Hired by and serves at the pleasure of the commission;

     (ii) Exempt from the provisions of the civil service law, chapter
41.06 RCW and whose salary is established by the commission in accordance with RCW 43.03.028; and

     (iii) Responsible for performing all administrative duties of the commission, including preparing an annual budget, and any other duties as delegated to the executive director by the commission;

     (b) Consistent with the budgeting and accounting act:

     (i) With regard to budget for the remainder of the 2007-2009 biennium, the commission has authority to spend the remaining funds allocated with respect to its professions, dentists licensed under this chapter and expanded function dental auxiliaries and dental assistants regulated under chapter 18.260 RCW; and

     (ii) Beginning with the 2009-2011 biennium, the commission is responsible for proposing its own biennial budget which the secretary must submit to the office of financial management;

     (c) That, prior to adopting credentialing fees under RCW 43.70.250, the secretary shall collaborate with the commission to determine the appropriate fees necessary to support the activities of the commission;

     (d) That, prior to the secretary exercising the secretary's authority to adopt uniform rules and guidelines, or any other actions that might impact the licensing or disciplinary authority of the commission, the secretary shall first meet with the commission to determine how those rules or guidelines, or changes to rules or guidelines, might impact the commission's ability to effectively carry out its statutory duties. If the commission, in consultation with the secretary, determines that the proposed rules or guidelines, or changes to existing rules or guidelines, will negatively impact the commission's ability to effectively carry out its statutory duties, then the individual commission shall collaborate with the secretary to develop alternative solutions to mitigate the impacts. If an alternative solution cannot be reached, the parties may resolve the dispute through a mediator as set forth in (f) of this subsection;

     (e) That the commission shall negotiate with the secretary to develop performance-based expectations, including identification of key performance measures. The performance expectations should focus on consistent, timely regulation of health care professionals; and

     (f) That in the event there is a disagreement between the commission and the secretary, that is unable to be resolved through negotiation, a representative of both parties shall agree on the designation of a third party to mediate the dispute.

     (3) By December 15, 2013, the secretary, the commission, and the other commissions conducting similar pilot projects under RCW 18.71.430, 18.79.390, and 18.25.210, shall report to the governor and the legislature on the results of the pilot project. The report shall:

     (a) Compare the effectiveness of licensing and disciplinary activities of each commission during the pilot project with the licensing and disciplinary activities of the commission prior to the pilot project and the disciplinary activities of other disciplining authorities during the same time period as the pilot project;

     (b) Compare the efficiency of each commission with respect to the timeliness and personnel resources during the pilot project to the efficiency of the commission prior to the pilot project and the efficiency of other disciplining authorities during the same period as the pilot project;

     (c) Compare the budgetary activity of each commission during the pilot project to the budgetary activity of the commission prior to the pilot project and to the budgetary activity of other disciplining authorities during the same period as the pilot project;

     (d) Evaluate each commission's regulatory activities, including timelines, consistency of decision making, and performance levels in comparison to other disciplining authorities; and

     (e) Review summaries of national research and data regarding regulatory effectiveness and patient safety.

     (4) The secretary shall employ staff that are hired and managed by the executive director provided that nothing contained in this section may be construed to alter any existing collective bargaining unit or the provisions of any existing collective bargaining agreement.

[2011 c 60 § 6; 2008 c 134 § 32.]

Notes:

     Effective date -- 2011 c 60: See RCW 42.17A.919.

     Finding -- Intent -- Severability -- 2008 c 134: See notes following RCW 18.130.020.




18.32.775
Disciplinary proceedings — Cost and fee recovery.

(1) In any disciplinary case pertaining to a dentist where there is a contested hearing, if the commission or its hearing panel makes the finding requisite for, and imposes upon the dentist, a disciplinary sanction or fine under RCW 18.130.160, unless it determines to waive the assessment of a hearing fee, it shall assess against the licensee a partial recovery of the state's hearing expenses as follows:

     (a) The partial recovery hearing fee must be:

     (i) An amount equal to six thousand dollars for each full hearing day in the proceeding and one-half of that amount for any partial hearing day; and

     (ii) A partial recovery of investigative and hearing preparation expenses in an amount as found to be reasonable reimbursement under the circumstances but no more than ten thousand dollars;

     (b) Substantiation of investigative and hearing preparation expenses for purposes of (a) of this subsection may be by affidavit or declaration descriptive of efforts expended, which are reviewable in the hearing as would be a cost bill;

     (c) The commission or its hearing panel may waive the partial recovery hearing fee if it determines the assessment of the fee (i) would create substantial undue hardship for the dentist, or (ii) in all the circumstances of the case, including the nature of the charges alleged, it would be manifestly unjust to assess the fee. Consideration of the waiver must be applied for and considered during the hearing itself. This may be in advance of the decision related to RCW 18.130.160.

     (2) If the dentist seeks judicial review of the disciplinary action and there was a partial recovery hearing fee assessed, then unless the license holder achieves a substantial element of relief, the reviewing trial court or appellate court shall further impose a partial cost recovery fee in the amount of twenty-five thousand dollars at the superior court level, twenty-five thousand dollars at the court of appeals level, and twenty-five thousand dollars at the supreme court level. Application for waiver may be made to the court at each level and must be considered by the court under the standards stated in subsection (1)(c) of this section.

     (3) In any disciplinary case pertaining to a dentist where the case is resolved by agreement prior to completion of a contested hearing, the commission shall assess against the dentist a partial recovery of investigative and hearing preparation expenses in an amount as found to be reasonable reimbursement in the circumstances but no more than ten thousand dollars, unless it determines to waive this fee under the standards stated in subsection (1)(c) of this section.

     (4) In any stipulated informal disposition of allegations pertaining to a dentist as contemplated under RCW 18.130.172, the potential dollar limit of reimbursement of investigative and processing costs may not exceed two thousand dollars per allegation.

     (5) Should the dentist fail to pay any agreed reimbursement or ordered cost recovery under the statute, the commission may seek collection of the amount in the same manner as enforcement of a fine under RCW 18.130.165.

     (6) All fee recoveries and reimbursements under this statute must be deposited to the health professions account for the portion of it allocated to the commission. The fee recoveries shall be fully credited in reduction of actual or projected expenditures used to determine dentist license renewal fees.

     (7) The authority of the commission under this section is in addition to all of its authorities under RCW 18.130.160, elsewhere in chapter 18.130 RCW, or in this chapter.

[2009 c 177 § 1.]




18.32.785
Pain management rules — Criteria for new rules.

(1) By June 30, 2011, the commission shall adopt new rules on chronic, noncancer pain management that contain the following elements:

     (a)(i) Dosing criteria, including:

     (A) A dosage amount that must not be exceeded unless a dentist first consults with a practitioner specializing in pain management; and

     (B) Exigent or special circumstances under which the dosage amount may be exceeded without consultation with a practitioner specializing in pain management.

     (ii) The rules regarding consultation with a practitioner specializing in pain management must, to the extent practicable, take into account:

     (A) Circumstances under which repeated consultations would not be necessary or appropriate for a patient undergoing a stable, ongoing course of treatment for pain management;

     (B) Minimum training and experience that is sufficient to exempt a dentist from the specialty consultation requirement;

     (C) Methods for enhancing the availability of consultations;

     (D) Allowing the efficient use of resources; and

     (E) Minimizing the burden on practitioners and patients;

     (b) Guidance on when to seek specialty consultation and ways in which electronic specialty consultations may be sought;

     (c) Guidance on tracking clinical progress by using assessment tools focusing on pain interference, physical function, and overall risk for poor outcome; and

     (d) Guidance on tracking the use of opioids.

     (2) The commission shall consult with the agency medical directors' group, the department of health, the University of Washington, and the largest professional association of dentists in the state.

     (3) The rules adopted under this section do not apply:

     (a) To the provision of palliative, hospice, or other end-of-life care; or

     (b) To the management of acute pain caused by an injury or a surgical procedure.

[2010 c 209 § 2.]




18.32.900
Severability — 1935 c 112.

Should any section of this act for any reason be held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of the act.

[1935 c 112 § 29.]




18.32.910
Severability — 1953 c 93.

If any provision of this act or the application thereof to any person or circumstance shall be held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the provisions or applications of this act which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are declared to be severable.

[1953 c 93 § 9.]




18.32.915
Severability — 1977 ex.s. c 5.

If any provision of this 1977 amendatory act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected.

[1977 ex.s. c 5 § 36.]




18.32.916
Severability — 1979 c 38.

If any provision of this amendatory act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected.

[1979 c 38 § 4.]