WSR 12-16-085

PROPOSED RULES

BUILDING CODE COUNCIL


[ Filed July 31, 2012, 3:33 p.m. ]

     Original Notice.

     Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 12-03-107.

     Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: Adoption and amendment of the 2012 International Fire Code (IFC), chapter 51-54A WAC; and repeal of chapter 51-54 WAC, 2009 IFC, and all related amendments.

     Hearing Location(s): Center Place Event Center, 2426 North Discovery Place, Spokane Valley, WA 99216, on September 14, 2012, at 10 a.m.; and at the DES Presentation Room, 1500 Jefferson S.E., Olympia, WA 98504, on September 21, 2012, at 10 a.m.

     Date of Intended Adoption: November 9, 2012.

     Submit Written Comments to: Ray Allshouse, Chair, State Building Code Council (SBCC), P.O. Box 41449, Olympia, WA 98504-41449 [98504-1449], e-mail sbcc@ga.wa.gov, fax (360) 586-9088, by September 21, 2012.

     Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Peggy Bryden by September 7, 2012, (360) 407-9280.

     Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: The proposed rules adopt the most recently published edition of the IFC with proposed amendments (chapter 51-54A WAC).

     These rules replace the 2009 IFC and existing amendments (chapter 51-54 WAC which will be repealed).

     Summary of Changes to Existing Rules:

     1. Chapter 51-54 WAC will be repealed entirely, including the repeal of all state amendments.

     2. Chapter 51-54A WAC will be adopted to include the adoption of the 2012 IFC.

     3. The 2012 IFC was completely reorganized and renumbered by the International Code Council (ICC), from forty-seven to eighty chapter headings, with thirty chapters held in reserve for future use.

     4. WAC 51-54A-0202 Definitions - this section will consolidate all definitions for the code into one chapter; definitions were previously scattered throughout the various chapters.

     5. WAC 51-54A-0300 will duplicate the amendments previously adopted.

     6. WAC 51-54A-0400 will duplicate the amendments previously adopted, except for revisions to remove any references to lockdown procedures involving fire service personnel.

     7. WAC 51-54A-0500 will duplicate the amendments previously adopted.

     8. WAC 51-54A-0600 will revise amendments to Sections 609 and 609.2 regarding Type 1 hoods, and will duplicate the other amendments previously adopted in Sections 600 and 609.3.

     9. WAC 51-54A-0800 will duplicate the amendments previously adopted to Sections 806.1.1 and 806.1.2 and Table 806.1.2.

     10. WAC 51-54A-0900 will duplicate seven amendments previously adopted; four previously adopted amendments will be deleted. Issues related to carbon monoxide detection devices are modified in Sections 908.7 and 908.7.1.

     11. WAC 51-54A-1000 will duplicate the amendments previously adopted.

     12. WAC 51-54A-1100 provides two options to address the issue of photoluminescent stair marking requirements.

     13. WAC 51-54A-1200 through 51-54A-8000 are renumbered and will mainly duplicate the amendments previously adopted under their old chapter headings.

     14. WAC 51-54A-5306 will adopt new medical gas standards.

     The remaining changes are in response to editorial changes or reorganizational moves in the 2012 IFC.


LIST OF PROPOSED CHANGES TO THE 2012 IFC: CHAPTER 51-54A WAC


Section Chapter Title Notes/Purpose
1. 101 Scope and general requirements References the appendices.
2. 105 Permits Permit requirements.
3. 202 General definitions Provides definitions.
4. 307 Open burning, recreational fires and portable outdoor fireplaces Specifies permit and approval process for open burning and recreational fires.
5. 308 Open flames Regulates the use of candles.
6. 401 General Emergency planning.
7. 402 Definitions Referring definitions to Chapter 2.
8. 403 Public assemblages and events Planning for public events.
9. 404 Fire safety and emergency plans Fire safety and evacuation planning.
10. 405 Emergency drills Drill requirements.
11. 406 Employee training and response procedures Training requirements.
12. 407 Hazard communication Special provisions for hazardous materials.
13. 408 Use and occupancy related requirements Special provisions per occupancy group.
14. 503 Fire apparatus access roads Local adoption provisions.
15. 507 Fire protection water supplies Specifies fire flow requirements.
16. 508 Fire command center Separation requirements.
17. 605 Electrical equipment, wiring and hazards Solar PV power system requirements not adopted.
18. 609 Commercial kitchen hoods Specifies type one hood requirements/exceptions.
19. 806 Decorative vegetation - new and existing buildings Specifies natural cut tree requirements for indoor use.
20. 903 Automatic sprinkler systems Modifies exceptions in Groups E and R, and clarifies requirements for basements.
21. 907 Fire alarm and detection systems Specifies requirements for licensed boarding homes.
22. 908 Emergency alarm systems Specifies requirements/exceptions for CO alarms.
23. 909 Elevator hoistway pressurization alternative Pressurization system requirements.
24. 915 Alerting systems Sets standard for alerting systems.
25. 1007 Accessible means of egress Guidelines for egress in accessible parking spaces.
26. 1008 Doors, gates and turnstiles Requirements for locks and latches in Group I-2.
27. 1009 Stairways and handrails Sets requirements/exceptions for certain stairways.
28. 1010 Ramps Provides exceptions for ramp accessibility.
29. 1018 Corridors Stipulates how air must move in corridors, and continuity of corridors.
30. 1021 Number of exits and exit configurations Allows an exception for travel distance where landing platforms for helistops are in place.
31. 1103 Fire safety requirements for existing buildings Sprinkler requirements for nightclubs and CO alarm requirements for Group I and Group R.
32. 1104 Means of egress for existing buildings Establishes requirements for photoluminescent stair markings (two options listed).
33. 3601 Marinas -- Scope Marina requirements; move definitions to Chapter 2.
34. 3602 Definitions Referring definitions to Chapter 2.
35. 3604 Fire protection equipment Sets requirements for certain firefighting equipment at marinas.
36. 5306 Medical gas systems Sets standards for compliance with medical gas maintenance and testing.
37. 5601 General Regulates explosives.
38. 5704 Storage Underground tank corrosion protection tied to WAC 173-360-305.
39. 5706 Special operations Requires coordination with department of ecology spill clean-up protocols.
40. 6108 Fire protection Requirements/exceptions for barbeques on decks.
41. 8000 Referenced standards Adopts one additional NFPA standard.
42. 8100 Appendix K -- Wildland-urban-interface code Specifies certain fire protection methods between the rural and urban boundaries.

     Reasons Supporting Proposal: RCW 19.27.031 and 19.27.074.

     Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 19.27.031 and 19.27.074.

     Statute Being Implemented: Chapters 19.27 and 34.05 RCW.

     Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.

     Agency Comments or Recommendations, if any, as to Statutory Language, Implementation, Enforcement, and Fiscal Matters: The council is seeking comments on the issues proposed in the rules shown below.

     Name of Proponent: SBCC, governmental.

     Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting and Implementation: Joanne McCaughan, 1500 Jefferson S.E., P.O. Box 41449, Olympia, WA (360) 9279 [407-9279]; and Enforcement: Local jurisdictions.

     A small business economic impact statement has been prepared under chapter 19.85 RCW.

Small Business Economic Impact Statement

     Executive Summary:

     Impact on Small Business: The proposed rule adopts the updated 2012 edition of the IFC. Since 1985 the SBCC has been required to update to new editions of the building code, per RCW 19.27.074. The ICC updates the codes, including the IFC, every three years. Their process involves development of interest groups within the design and construction industry and from governmental organizations.

     The 2012 IFC contains about sixty significant changes as compared to the 2009 IFC. According to the Proposed Changes to the 2009 Edition of the IFC, published by the ICC, less than seven percent of the approved amendments result in more than a minor increase in cost of construction; most amendments have no impact on construction costs. The primary effect of the amendments is improvement of the code. The objective of the amendments is to create a consistent regulatory system.

     The SBCC appointed a technical advisory group (TAG) to review the 2012 IFC, including the significant changes, the applicability of the existing statewide amendments, and several proposed new state amendments (seven new proposals for 2012, plus two tabled proposals from 2011). The TAG included fire service personnel from the state and local regulatory community, local building officials, representatives of the multifamily housing and construction industries, and the fire protection industry. Small business was represented through these appointments. All TAG meetings are open to the public and small businesses are notified; several chose to participate in the review of code amendment proposals.

     These proposed rules are anticipated to be job neutral, although there would be some temporary work for installation jobs for certain trades people, for example, if the luminescent path markings requirements are adopted. Where the SBCC found the cost of compliance for small businesses to be disproportionate, the proposed rule mitigates the cost.

     Section I: Introduction/Compliance with the Rules: The 2009 IFC with state amendments is currently in effect, codified as chapter 51-54 WAC; for the 2012 code adoption cycle, SBCC staff and the TAG recommend that the newly reorganized IFC be adopted as chapter 51-54A WAC for greater efficiency. For a complete list of all current state amendments to the Fire Code see this link to the WAC language.

     The adopted state amendments add flexibility and clarity to the code. Some of the rules may represent a savings for small business building owners and operators, while other rules may incur costs for these entities.

     The 2012 edition of the IFC contains about sixty significant revisions from the current 2009 edition. In addition, several proposed state amendments to the code address specific issues, for example:

     Carbon monoxide alarm requirements in residential settings; based on legislative requirements that are more protective/prescriptive than the model code. Minimal new impact since the law has been in effect since 2010.

     Luminous egress path markings for existing high rise buildings; following the model code to require the markings would incur costs on existing building owners according to testimony provided to the council in November 2011 and to the fire code TAG. Alternatively, permanent adoption of the current emergency rule, in lieu of adopting the model code language, would exempt existing buildings from the requirement to install luminous markings and thus eliminate cost concerns.

     Elevator pressurization; the current state amendment to the IFC is deleted and the language from Section 909.21 of the 2012 International Building Code (IBC) is adopted as a state amendment to the IFC.

     Construction costs may increase for some building projects (for anticipated impacts see the small business economic impact statement for the IBC).

     New code requirements in the 2012 IFC regarding photo voltaic solar installation were not adopted due in part to anticipated economic impact on the solar industry. The fire code TAG recommended that a special TAG be formed to address the issues and develop proposed language for adoption in 2013; the special TAG will be formed in the fall of 2012.

     Section II: Compliance Costs for Washington Businesses: The adoption of the updated IFC and state amendments may result in some cost outlay for small businesses in construction industries for specific building projects, for a transition period.

     The 2012 edition of the IFC costs $88 on CD and $98.75 for a loose leaf binder. The codes are also available to view on-line at no cost. There is also an on-line subscription service available, at a per user cost.

     Some small businesses could see an increase in revenue.

     The overall impact would be positive, because the 2012 IFC has been completely reorganized to correspond with certain elements and chapters in the IBC. With the reorganization, the new edition will be easier for businesses and local officials to find the information they need to ensure code compliance and building safety. This change will result in greater efficiency in project planning and development, and an anticipated reduction in review and approval times. The degree of impact diminishes during the code cycle as rules become familiar and construction practices adjust and are accepted.

     Costs of Equipment, Supplies, Labor, Professional Services, and Increased Administrative Costs: The costs for compliance with the 2012 IFC are specific to the project and the plan.

     2012 IFC Chapter 4 Emergency Planning and Preparedness: In 2009 the SBCC adopted a complete revision of the IFC Chapter 4; that chapter included requirements for Group E lockdown drills and other related responsibilities for fire personnel. The proposed state amendment for 2012 would remove those lockdown-related requirements, which are considered to be the purview and responsibility of the law enforcement community rather than the fire service. This amendment would have no impact on, and would be cost neutral to, small business.

     2012 IFC Section [M] 609.2 Commercial Kitchen Hoods: The amendment was referred by the mechanical TAG. It is a clarification of the requirements for hood types and provides a table to identify the type of hood required for domestic cooking, based on the use of the space and the type of cooking. It provides for an additional exception to eliminate the need for a hood where certain electric cooking appliances are being used, but do not produce heavy grease laden vapors as documented by an approved testing agency. There would be some savings to certain businesses that would no longer need to install a Type 1 hood.


     Assumptions:

• EQUIPMENT: TYPE TWO HOODS ARE LESS EXPENSIVE.
• SUPPLIES: N/A.
• MATERIAL: LABOR: N/A.
• PROFESSIONAL SERVICES: FEWER INSPECTIONS WOULD BE REQUIRED.
• ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS: LESS RECORDKEEPING WOULD BE REQUIRED.

     Impact on Sales or Revenue: The impact will be neutral as hoods will still be required, but for some businesses the cost of the Type 2 hood will be lower as compared to the Type 1 hood previously required. There would be a one-time cost associated with obtaining documentation.

     2012 IFC Section 903.2.11.1.3 Basements: The 2012 IFC modified language requiring fire sprinklers in basements where certain obstructions are present that restrict the application of water from hose streams; the state amendment modifies the language to situations where the exit access travel distance is increased beyond seventy-five feet. This proposed modification is cost neutral.

     2012 IFC Section 1104.24 Egress Path Markings: The 2012 IFC requires installation of photoluminescent marking systems in the stairways of existing high-rise buildings except for certain historic buildings. The SBCC has previously adopted an emergency rule to eliminate this requirement due to cost concerns expressed by some building owners. In response, photoluminescent industry representatives provided information to the TAG on May 4, 2012, indicating that there is a broad range of products available, and that the products can be installed at a reasonable price. While cost estimates range from $1,400 to $5,000 per stairwell per floor, actual installation experience has shown costs to be lower. For example, a hospital recently installed the materials at a cost of $954 per stairwell. According to the PLA, costs for nine recent projects averaged $1,277 per stairwell. Given this information, the TAG recommended that the luminescent markings should be required in high rise buildings with the adoption of the 2012 Fire Code.

     Assumptions:

• EQUIPMENT: MECHANICAL APPLICATION OF PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS.
• SUPPLIES: VARIABLE ACCORDING TO THE NEEDS OF THE CUSTOMER.
• MATERIAL: VARIABLE ACCORDING TO THE SPECIFIC LOCATION.
• LABOR: FIRE PROTECTION SPECIALISTS TO ENSURE INSTALLATION IS ACCORDING TO PUBLISHED SPECIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS.
• PROFESSIONAL SERVICES: BIDDING BY FIRE STOP CONTRACTOR TO IDENTIFY OPTIONS AND ENSURE APPROPRIATE SYSTEMS/PRODUCTS ARE USED.
• ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS: ONGOING MAINTENANCE TO ENSURE RELIABILITY.

     2012 IFC Section 5306.4 Medical Gas Systems: Specifies that maintenance and testing of medical gas systems must comply with the maintenance and testing requirements of NFPA 99; this amendment is provided as clarification. This proposed modification is cost neutral.

     Section III: Analysis of Proportionate Impact on Small Businesses.

     The Impact on Small Businesses Compared to the Largest Businesses in the State Will Not Be Disproportionate: The cost of compliance is a proportionate incremental cost, in relation to hours of labor, or costs per employee. The incremental cost of meeting the 2012 IFC, will have a proportionate impact on building and construction businesses. Building projects tend to be unique to type of construction, building type, building site, as well as size of the project. Costs for design and construction will be distributed among the general contractors and subcontractors. Further, construction industry businesses fit primarily into the category of small business. Where an industry has a significant number of large businesses, the costs of compliance for large businesses are proportional to the number of employees in any size business. The majority of Washington state firms in the design and construction fields qualify as small businesses. The incremental costs of meeting the 2012 Fire Code are generally proportionate between large and small businesses.

     Section IV: Small Business Involvement and Impact Reduction Efforts: A representative of the construction industry served on the IFC TAG. Members of the luminescent marking industry provided information to the TAG regarding the code requirements for existing buildings in the IFC. Representatives of the housing industry also served on the TAG and discussed impacts.

     Section V: Number of Affected Businesses in Washington:


Businesses Impacted by Updated Fire Code
Type of Business NAICS

CODE #

# IN STATE

(UP TO 49 Employees)

# IN STATE

(50 OR MORE Employees)

Multifamily Housing Construction

236116

77

0

Industrial Building Construction

236210

89

6

Commercial and Institutional Building Construction

236220

1305

40

Roofing Contractors

238160

973

7

Architects 541310 602 16
Engineers 541330 1665 96
Testing Labs 541380 191 14
Fire Protection 922160 258 6

     Section VI: Jobs Created or Lost as a Result of These Rules: These rules are likely to be job neutral overall, i.e., they will not result in any job gains or losses. The installation of photoluminescent markings would provide temporary employment in the fire stop industry to install the material in existing high rise buildings throughout the state. The estimated number of existing high rise buildings in Washington state is one hundred ninety-one, according to the web site of Emporis a "global provider of building information." It is unknown how many of those buildings already have installed photoluminescent marking products.

     According to the Firestop Contractors International Association, in some cases it may be possible for building maintenance personnel to install the materials according to the manufacturers' instructions. However, according to most manufacturers a certified installer who has been trained in the application specifications is preferred. This is to ensure surface preparation and other requirements are addressed, as well as specific location for the materials and devices. This ensures that products will perform well throughout the life of the product without undue maintenance costs.

     A copy of the statement may be obtained by contacting Joanne T. McCaughan, P.O. Box 41449, Olympia, WA 98504-1449, phone (360) 407-9279, fax (360) 586-9088, e-mail joanne.mccaughan@des.wa.gov. See the small business economic impact statement by following this link: 2012 Fire Code SBEIS.

     The SBCC is not one of the agencies identified as required to prepare a school district impact statement.

     A cost-benefit analysis is not required under RCW 34.05.328. The SBCC is not one of the agencies identified as required to prepare an analysis.

July 31, 2012

C. Ray Allshouse

Council Chair

OTS-4861.2

Chapter 51-54A WAC

STATE BUILDING CODE ADOPTION AND AMENDMENT OF THE 2012 EDITION OF THE INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE


NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-001   Authority.   These rules are adopted under the authority of chapter 19.27 RCW.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-002   Purpose.   The purpose of these rules is to implement the provisions of chapter 19.27 RCW, which provides that the State Building Code Council shall maintain the State Building Code in a status which is consistent with the purpose as set forth in RCW 19.27.020. In maintaining the codes the council shall regularly review updated versions of the codes adopted under the act, and other pertinent information, and shall amend the codes as deemed appropriate by the council.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-003   International Fire Code.   The 2012 edition of the International Fire Code, published by the International Code Council is hereby adopted by reference with the following additions, deletions, and exceptions.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-007   Exceptions.   The exceptions and amendments to the International Fire Code contained in the provisions of chapter 19.27 RCW shall apply in case of conflict with any of the provisions of these rules.

     Codes referenced which are not adopted through RCW 19.27.031 or chapter 19.27A RCW shall not apply unless specifically adopted by the authority having jurisdiction. The 2012 International Wildland Urban Interface Code is included in this code as Section 8100 with amendments found in Appendix Chapter K.

     The provisions of this code do not apply to temporary growing structures used solely for the commercial production of horticultural plants including ornamental plants, flowers, vegetables, and fruits. "Temporary growing structure" means a structure that has the sides and roof covered with polyethylene, polyvinyl, or similar flexible synthetic material and is used to provide plants with either frost protection or increased heat retention. A temporary growing structure is not considered a building for purposes of this code.

     The provisions of this code do not apply to the construction, alteration, or repair of temporary worker housing except as provided by rule adopted under chapter 70.114A RCW or chapter 37, Laws of 1998 (2SSB 6168). "Temporary worker housing" means a place, area, or piece of land where sleeping places or housing sites are provided by an employer for his or her employees or by another person, including a temporary worker housing operator, who is providing such accommodations for employees, for temporary, seasonal occupancy, and includes "labor camps" under RCW 70.54.110.

     The manufacture, storage, handling, sale and use of fireworks shall be governed by chapter 70.77 RCW and by chapter 212-17 WAC and local ordinances consistent with chapter 212-17 WAC.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-008   Implementation.   The International Fire Code adopted by chapter 51-54A WAC shall become effective in all counties and cities of this state on July 1, 2013.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0101   Section 101 -- Scope and general requirements.  


101.2.1 Appendices. Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically adopted. The State Building Code Council has determined that a local ordinance adopting Appendix K Wildland Urban Interface Code may be adopted by any local government upon notification of the council.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0105   Permits.  


SECTION 105 SCOPE AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS


105.1.1 Permits required. Any property owner or authorized agent who intends to conduct an operation or business, or install or modify systems and equipment, which is regulated by this code, or to cause any such work to be done shall first make application to the fire code official and obtain the required permit.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0202   General definitions.  


SECTION 202 GENERAL DEFINITIONS


ADULT FAMILY HOME means a dwelling in which a person or persons provide personal care, special care, room and board to more than one but not more than six adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services.



ALERT SIGNAL. A distinctive signal indicating the need for trained personnel and occupants to initiate a specific action, such as shelter-in-place.


ALERT SYSTEM. Approved devices, equipment and systems or combinations of systems used to transmit or broadcast an alert signal.


CHILD DAY CARE, shall, for the purposes of these regulations, mean the care of children during any period of a 24-hour day.


COVERED BOAT MOORAGE is a pier or system of floating or fixed access ways to which vessels on water may be secured and any portion of which are covered by a roof.


ELECTRICAL CODE is the National Electrical Code, promulgated by the National Fire Protection Association, as adopted by rule or local ordinance under the authority of chapter 19.28 RCW.


EMERGENCY DRILL. An exercise performed to train staff and occupants and to evaluate their efficiency and effectiveness in carrying out emergency procedures.


EXISTING. Buildings, facilities or conditions that are already in existence, constructed or officially authorized prior to the adoption of this code.


FAMILY CHILD DAY CARE HOME is a child day care facility, licensed by the state, located in the dwelling of the person or persons under whose direct care and supervision the child is placed, for the care of twelve or fewer children, including children who reside at the home.


GRAVITY-OPERATED DROP OUT VENTS are automatic smoke and heat vents containing heat-sensitive glazing designed to shrink and drop out of the vent openings when exposed to fire.


HOSPICE CARE CENTERS. A building or portion thereof used on a 24-hour basis for the provision of hospice services to terminally ill inpatients.


MOTOR VEHICLE. Includes, but not limited to, a vehicle, machine, tractor, trailer or semitrailer, or any combination thereof, propelled or drawn by mechanical power and designed for use upon the highways in the transportation of passengers or property. It does not include a vehicle, locomotive or car operated exclusively on a rail or rails, or a trolley bus operated by electric power derived from a fixed overhead wire, furnishing local passenger transportation similar to street-railway service. The term "motor vehicle" also includes freight containers or cargo tanks used, or intended for use, in connection with motor vehicles.


NIGHTCLUB. An A-2 Occupancy use under the 2006 International Building Code in which the aggregate area of concentrated use of unfixed chairs and standing space that is specifically designated and primarily used for dancing or viewing performers exceeds three hundred fifty square feet, excluding adjacent lobby areas. "Nightclub" does not include theaters with fixed seating, banquet halls, or lodge halls.


OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATION. For the purposes of this code, certain occupancies are defined as follows:


Educational Group E. Educational Group E Occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, by six or more persons at any one time for educational purposes through the 12th grade. Religious educational rooms and religious auditoriums, which are accessory to places of religious worship in accordance with Section 508.3.1 of the International Building Code and have occupant loads of less than 100, shall be classified as Group A-3 occupancies.


DAY CARE. The use of a building or structure, or portion thereof, for educational, supervision or personal care services for more than five children older than 2 1/2 years of age, shall be classified as an E Occupancy.


EXCEPTION: Family child day care homes licensed by the state of Washington for the care of twelve or fewer children shall be classified as Group R-3.

Institutional Group I. Institutional Group I Occupancy includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, in which people are cared for or live in a supervised environment, having physical limitations because of health or age, are harbored for medical treatment or other care or treatment, or in which people are detained for penal or correctional purposes or in which the liberty of the occupants is restricted. Institutional occupancies shall be classified as Group I-1, I-2, I-3 or I-4.

     Group I-1. This occupancy shall include buildings, structures or parts thereof housing more than 16 persons, on a 24-hour basis, who because of age, mental disability or other reasons, live in a supervised residential environment that provides personal care services. The occupants are capable of responding to an emergency situation without physical assistance from staff. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

     Alcohol and drug centers

     Assisted living facilities

     Congregate care facilities

     Convalescent facilities

     Group homes

     Halfway houses

     Residential board and care facilities

     Social rehabilitation facilities

     A facility such as the above with five or fewer persons and adult family homes licensed by Washington state shall be classified as a Group R-3 or shall comply with the International Residential Code in accordance with Section 101.2 of the International Building Code.

     A facility such as the above, providing licensed care to clients in one of the categories listed in IBC Section 310.1 licensed by Washington state shall be classified as Group R-2.

     Group I-2. This occupancy shall include buildings and structures used for medical, surgical, psychiatric, nursing or custodial care for persons who are not capable of self-preservation. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

     Child care facilities

     Detoxification facilities

     Hospice care centers

     Hospitals

     Mental hospitals

     Nursing homes

     A facility such as the above providing licensed care to clients in one of the categories listed in IBC Section 310.1 licensed by Washington state shall be classified as Group R-2.

     Group I-3. (Remains as printed in the IFC.)

     Group I-4. Day care facilities. This group shall include buildings and structures occupied by persons of any age who receive custodial care for less than 24 hours by individuals other than parents or guardians, relatives by blood, marriage, or adoption, and in a place other than the home of the person cared for. A facility such as the above with five or fewer persons shall be classified as Group R-3 or shall comply with the International Residential Code in accordance with Section 101.2 of the International Building Code. Places of worship during religious functions are not included.

     Adult care facility. A facility that provides accommodations for less than 24 hours for more than five unrelated adults and provides supervision and personal care services shall be classified as Group I-4.


EXCEPTION: Where the occupants are capable of responding to an emergency situation without physical assistance from the staff, the facility shall be classified as Group R-3.

     Child care facility. Child care facilities that provide supervision and personal care on a less than 24-hour basis for more than five children 2 1/2 years of age or less shall be classified as Group I-4.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. A child day care facility that provides care for more than five but no more than 100 children 2 1/2 years or less of age, where the rooms in which the children are cared for are located on a level of exit discharge serving such rooms and each of these child care rooms has an exit door directly to the exterior, shall be classified as Group E.
2. Family child day care homes licensed by Washington state for the care of 12 or fewer children shall be classified as Group R-3.

Residential Group R. Residential Group R includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion thereof, for sleeping purposes when not classified as an Institutional Group I or when not regulated by the International Residential Code in accordance with Section 101.2 of the International Building Code. Residential occupancies shall include the following:

     R-1 Residential occupancies containing sleeping units where the occupants are primarily transient in nature, including:

     Boarding houses (transient)

     Hotels (transient)

     Motels (transient)

     Congregate living facilities (transient) with 10 or fewer occupants are permitted to comply with the construction requirements for Group R-3.

     R-2 Residential occupancies containing sleeping units or more than two dwelling units where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature, including:

     Apartment houses

     Boarding houses (nontransient)

     Boarding homes as licensed by Washington state under chapter 388-78A WAC

     Convents

     Dormitories

     Fraternities and sororities

     Hotels (nontransient)

     Live/work units

     Motels (nontransient)

     Monasteries

     Residential treatment facilities as licensed by Washington state under chapter 246-337 WAC

     Vacation timeshare properties

     Congregate living facilities with sixteen or fewer occupants are permitted to comply with the construction requirements for Group R-3.

     R-3 Residential occupancies where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature and not classified as Group R-1, R-2, R-4 or I, including: Buildings that do not contain more than two dwelling units. Adult care facilities that provide accommodations for five or fewer persons of any age for less than 24 hours. Child care facilities that provide accommodations for five or fewer persons of any age for less than 24 hours. Congregate living facilities with sixteen or fewer persons. Adult care within a single-family home, adult family homes and family child day care homes are permitted to comply with the International Residential Code.

     Foster family care homes licensed by Washington state are permitted to comply with the International Residential Code, as an accessory use to a dwelling, for six or fewer children including those of the resident family.

     R-4 Classification is not adopted. Any reference in this code to R-4 does not apply.


PORTABLE SCHOOL CLASSROOM. A structure, transportable in one or more sections, which requires a chassis to be transported, and is designed to be used as an educational space with or without a permanent foundation. The structure shall be trailerable and capable of being demounted and relocated to other locations as needs arise.


RECALL SIGNAL. An electrically or mechanically operated signal used to recall occupants after an emergency drill or to terminate a shelter-in-place event that shall be distinct from any alarm or alert signal used to initiate an emergency plan, or other signals.


SHELTER-IN-PLACE. An emergency response used to minimize exposure of facility occupants to chemical or environmental hazards by taking refuge in predetermined interior rooms or areas where actions are taken to isolate the interior environment from the exterior hazard.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0307   Open burning, recreational fires and portable outdoor fireplaces.  


307.2.1 Authorization. Where required by state or local law or regulations, open burning shall only be permitted with prior approval from the state or local air and water quality management authority, provided that all conditions specified in the authorization are followed. See also chapter 173-425 WAC.


307.4.2 Recreational fires. Recreational fires shall not be conducted within 25 feet of a structure or combustible material. Conditions which could cause a fire to spread within 25 feet of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition. See also chapter 173-425 WAC.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0308   Open flames.  


308.1.4 Open-flame cooking devices. This section is not adopted.


308.1.7 Religious ceremonies. Participants in religious ceremonies shall not be precluded from carrying hand-held candles. See RCW 19.27.031(3).


308.1.9 Aisles and exits. Candles shall be prohibited in areas where occupants stand, or in an aisle or exit.


EXCEPTION: Candles used in religious ceremonies.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0401   General.  


401.1 Scope. Reporting of emergencies, coordination with emergency response forces, emergency plans and procedures for managing or responding to emergencies shall comply with the provisions of this section.


EXCEPTION: Firms that have approved on-premises firefighting organizations and that are in compliance with approved procedures for fire reporting.

401.2 Approval. Where required by the fire code official, fire safety plans, emergency procedures and employee training programs shall be approved.


401.3 Emergency responder notification. Notification of emergency responders shall be in accordance with Sections 401.3.1 through 401.3.3.


401.3.1 Fire events. In the event an unwanted fire occurs on a property, the owner or occupant shall immediately report such condition to the fire department.

    
401.3.2 Alarm activations. Upon activation of a fire alarm signal, employees or staff shall immediately notify the fire department.


401.3.3 Delayed notification. A person shall not, by verbal or written directive, require any delay in the reporting of a fire to the fire department.


401.4 Required plan implementation. In the event an unwanted fire is detected in a building or a fire alarm activates, the emergency plan shall be implemented.


401.5 Making false report. A person shall not give, signal or transmit a false alarm.


401.6 Emergency evacuation drills. The sounding of a fire alarm signal and the carrying out of an emergency evacuation drill in accordance with the provisions of Section 405 shall be allowed.


401.7 Unplanned evacuation. Evacuations made necessary by the unplanned activation of a fire alarm system or by any other emergency shall not be substituted for a required evacuation drill.


401.8 Interference with fire department operations. It shall be unlawful to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, conspire to interfere with, obstruct or restrict the mobility of or block the path of travel of a fire department emergency vehicle in any way, or to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, conspire to interfere with, obstruct or hamper any fire department operation.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0402   Definitions.   The following terms are defined in Chapter 2:


ALARM SIGNAL.


ALERT SIGNAL.


ALERT SYSTEM.


EMERGENCY DRILL.


SHELTER-IN-PLACE.


RECALL SIGNAL.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0403   Public assemblages and events.  


403.1 Fire watch personnel. When, in the opinion of the fire code official, it is essential for public safety in a place of assembly or any other place where people congregate, because of the number of persons, or the nature of the performance, exhibition, display, contest or activity, the owner, agent or lessee shall provide one or more fire watch personnel, as required and approved, to remain on duty during the times such places are open to the public, or when such activity is being conducted.


403.1.1 Duties. Fire watch personnel shall keep diligent watch for fires, obstructions to means of egress and other hazards during the time such place is open to the public or such activity is being conducted and take prompt measures for remediation of hazards, extinguishment of fires that occur and assist in the evacuation of the public from the structures.


403.2 Public safety plan. In other than Group A or E occupancies, where the fire code official determines that an indoor or outdoor gathering of persons has an adverse impact on public safety through diminished access to buildings, structures, fire hydrants and fire apparatus access roads or where such gatherings adversely affect public safety services of any kind, the fire code official shall have the authority to order the development of, or prescribe a plan for, the provision of an approved level of public safety.


403.2.1 Contents. The public safety plan, where required by Section 403.2, shall address such items as emergency vehicle ingress and egress, fire protection, emergency medical services, public assembly areas and the directing of both attendees and vehicles (including the parking of vehicles), vendor and food concession distribution, and the need for the presence of law enforcement, and fire and emergency medical services personnel at the event.


403.3 Crowd managers. Trained crowd managers shall be provided for facilities or events where more than 1,000 persons congregate. The minimum number of crowd managers shall be established at a ratio of one crowd manager to every 250 persons. Where approved by the fire code official, the ratio of crowd managers shall be permitted to be reduced where the facility is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system or based upon the nature of the event.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0404   Fire safety and emergency plans.  


404.1 General. Fire safety, evacuation, shelter-in-place plans and associated drills shall comply with the requirements of Sections 404.2 through 404.5.1.


404.2 Fire safety and evacuation plans. Fire safety and evacuation plans shall comply with the requirements of Sections 404.2.1 through 404.2.2.2.


404.2.1 Where required. An approved fire safety and evacuation plan shall be prepared and maintained for the following occupancies and buildings.

     1. Group A having an occupant load of 100 or more.

     2. Group B buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

     3. Group E.

     4. Group F buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

     5. Group H.

     6. Group I.

     7. Group R-1.

     8. Group R-2 college and university buildings. Boarding homes, group homes, and residential treatment facilities licensed by the state of Washington.

     9. High-rise buildings.

     10. Group M buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

     11. Covered malls exceeding 50,000 square feet (4645 m2) in aggregate floor area.

     12. Underground buildings.

     13. Buildings with an atrium and having an occupancy in Group A, E or M.


404.2.2 Contents. Fire evacuation and safety plan contents shall be in accordance with Sections 404.2.2.1 and 404.2.2.2.


404.2.2.1 Fire evacuation plans. Fire evacuation plans shall include the following:

     1. Emergency egress or escape routes and whether evacuation of the building is to be complete or, where approved, by selected floors or areas only.

     2. Procedures for employees who must remain to operate critical equipment before evacuating.

     3. Procedures for assisted rescue for persons unable to use the general means of egress unassisted.

     4. Procedures for accounting for employees and occupants after evacuation has been completed.

     5. Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for rescue or emergency medical aid.

     6. The preferred and any alternative means of notifying occupants of a fire.

     7. The preferred and any alternative means of reporting fires and other emergencies to the fire department or designated emergency response organization.

     8. Identification and assignment of personnel who can be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan.

     9. A description of the emergency voice/alarm communication system alert tone and preprogrammed voice messages, where provided.


404.2.2.2 Fire safety plans. Fire safety plans shall include the following:

     1. The procedure for reporting a fire or other emergency.

     2. The life safety strategy and procedures for notifying, relocating or evacuating occupants, including occupants who need assistance.

     3. Site plans indicating the following:

     3.1. The occupancy assembly point.

     3.2. The locations of fire hydrants.

     3.3. The normal routes of fire department vehicle access.

     4. Floor plans identifying the locations of the following:

     4.1. Exits.

     4.2. Primary evacuation routes.

     4.3. Secondary evacuation routes.

     4.4. Accessible egress routes.

     4.5. Areas of refuge.

     4.6. Exterior areas for assisted rescue.

     4.7. Manual fire alarm boxes.

     4.8. Portable fire extinguishers.

     4.9. Occupant-use hose stations.

     4.10. Fire alarm annunciators and controls.

     5. A list of major fire hazards associated with the normal use and occupancy of the premises, including maintenance and housekeeping procedures.

     6. Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for maintenance of systems and equipment installed to prevent or control fires.

     7. Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for maintenance, housekeeping and controlling fuel hazard sources.


404.3 Shelter-in-place plans. Shelter-in-place plans shall comply with the requirements of Sections 404.3.1 through 404.3.2.


404.3.1 Where required. A shelter-in-place plan shall be prepared and maintained for all Group E occupancies.


EXCEPTION: Day cares not colocated on a Group E campus.

404.3.2 Shelter-in-place plan contents. Shelter-in-place plans shall include the following:

     1. Identification of the procedures of initiating the shelter-in-place plan throughout the facility or campus.

     2. Identification of prearranged alert and recall signals to notify all occupants.

     3. Identification of procedures for reporting the facility is sheltering-in-place to the local emergency dispatch center.

     4. A means of two-way communication between a central location and each secure area, and consideration for maintaining means of communication in absence of primary power.

     5. Identification of protective security measures.

     6. Location of emergency supplies.

     7. Accountability procedures for staff to report the presence or absence of occupants.

     8. Identification of crisis response team members in accordance with the National Incident Management System.

     9. Actions to be taken in the event of a fire or medical emergency while sheltering-in-place.


404.4 Maintenance. Emergency plans shall be reviewed or updated annually or as necessitated by changes in staff assignments, occupancy or the physical arrangement of the building.


404.5 Availability. Emergency plans shall be available in the workplace for reference and review by employees, and copies shall be furnished to the fire code official for review upon request.


404.5.1 Distribution. The fire safety and evacuation plans shall be distributed to the tenants and building service employees by the owner or owner's agent. Tenants shall distribute to their employees applicable parts of the fire safety plan affecting the employees' actions in the event of a fire or other emergency.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0405   Emergency drills.  


405.1 General. Emergency drills complying with the provisions of this section shall be conducted at least annually in the occupancies listed in Section 404.2.1 or when required by the fire code official. Drills shall be designed in cooperation with the local authorities.


405.2 Frequency. Required emergency drills shall be held at the intervals specified in Table 405.2 or more frequently where necessary to familiarize all occupants with the drill procedure.


405.2.1 Group E occupancies. The occupancy shall conduct at a minimum the following drills during the year:

     1. One drill using the school mapping information system.


EXCEPTION: Day cares not colocated on a school campus.

     2. Six fire evacuation drills.

     3. One shelter-in-place drill.


Table 405.2

Emergency Drill Frequency and Participation


Group or Occupancy Frequency Participation
Group A Quarterly Employees
Group Bc Annually Employees
Group E Monthlya,e All Occupants
Group F Annually Employees
Group I Quarterly on each shift Employeesb
Group R-1 Quarterly on each shift Employees
Group R-2f Quarterly on each shift Employees
Group R-2d Four Annually All Occupants
High-rise buildings Annually Employees

aThe frequency shall be allowed to be modified in accordance with Section 408.3.2.
bFire and evacuation drills in residential care assisted living facilities shall include complete evacuation of the premises in accordance with Section 408.10.5. Where occupants receive habilitation or rehabilitation training, fire prevention and fire safety practices shall be included as part of the training program.
cGroup B buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.
dApplicable to Group R-2 college and university buildings in accordance with Section 408.3.
eDay cares colocated on a Group E campus shall participate in emergency drills occurring on the campus.
fApplicable to boarding homes, group homes, and residential treatment facilities licensed by the state of Washington.

405.3 Leadership. Responsibility for the planning and conduct of drills shall be assigned to competent persons designated to exercise leadership.


405.4 Time. Drills shall be held at unexpected times and under varying conditions to simulate the unusual conditions that occur in case of an emergency.


405.5 Recordkeeping. Records shall be maintained of required emergency evacuation drills and include the following information:

     1. Identity of the person conducting the drill.

     2. Date and time of the drill.

     3. Notification method used.

     4. Staff members on duty and participating.

     5. Number of occupants participating.

     6. Special conditions simulated.

     7. Problems encountered and corrective actions taken.

     8. Weather conditions when occupants were evacuated.

     9. Time required to accomplish complete evacuation, or shelter-in-place.


405.6 Notification. Where required by the fire code official, prior notification of emergency drills shall be given to the fire code official.

    
405.7 Initiation. Emergency drills shall be initiated in accordance with Sections 405.7.1 through 405.7.2.


405.7.1 Fire evacuation drills. Where a fire alarm system is provided, emergency evacuation drills shall be initiated by activating the fire alarm system. The fire alarm monitoring company shall be notified prior to the activation of the fire alarm system for drills proposed and again at the conclusion of the transmission and restoration of the fire alarm system to normal mode.


EXCEPTION: Drills conducted between the hours of 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., in Group R-2 boarding homes, group homes, and residential treatment facilities licensed by the state of Washington.

405.7.2 Shelter-in-place drills. Shelter-in-place drills shall be initiated by the shelter-in-place alert signal, generated by the alerting system in accordance with Section 915.


405.8 Accountability. As building occupants arrive at the assembly point, efforts shall be made to determine if all occupants have been successfully evacuated and/or have been accounted for in the shelter-in-place.


405.9 Recall and reentry. The recall signal initiation shall be manually operated and under the control of the person in charge of the premises or the official in charge of the incident. No one shall reenter the premises until authorized to do so by the official in charge.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0406   Employee training and response procedures.  


406.1 General. Employees in the occupancies listed in Section 404.2.1 shall be trained in the emergency procedures described in their emergency plans. Training shall be based on these plans and as described in Section 404.2 and 404.3.


406.2 Frequency. Employees shall receive training in the contents of the emergency plans and their duties as part of new employee orientation and at least annually thereafter. Records shall be kept and made available to the fire code official upon request.


406.3 Employee training program. Employees shall be trained in fire prevention, evacuation, sheltering-in-place, and fire safety in accordance with Sections 406.3.1 through 406.3.4.


406.3.1 Fire prevention training. Employees shall be apprised of the fire hazards of the materials and processes to which they are exposed. Each employee shall be instructed in the proper procedures for preventing fires in the conduct of their assigned duties.


406.3.2 Evacuation training. Employees shall be familiarized with the fire alarm and evacuation signals, their assigned duties in the event of an alarm or emergency, evacuation routes, areas of refuge, exterior assembly areas and procedures for evacuation.


406.3.3 Emergency shelter-in-place training. Where a facility has a shelter-in-place plan, employees shall be trained on the alert and recall signals, communication system, location of emergency supplies, the use of the incident notification and alarm system, and their assigned duties and procedures in the event of an alarm or emergency.


406.3.4 Fire safety training. Employees assigned firefighting duties shall be trained to know the locations and proper use of portable fire extinguishers or other manual firefighting equipment and the protective clothing or equipment required for its safe and proper use.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0407   Hazard communication.  


407.1 General. The provisions of Sections 407.2 through 407.7 shall be applicable where hazardous materials subject to permits under Section 2701.5 are located on the premises or where required by the fire code official.


407.2 Material safety data sheets. Material safety data sheets (MSDS) for all hazardous materials shall be either readily available on the premises as a paper copy, or where approved, shall be permitted to be readily retrievable by electronic access.


407.3 Identification. Individual containers of hazardous materials, cartons or packages shall be marked or labeled in accordance with applicable federal regulations. Buildings, rooms and spaces containing hazardous materials shall be identified by hazard warning signs in accordance with Section 2703.5.


407.4 Training. Persons responsible for the operation of areas in which hazardous materials are stored, dispensed, handled or used shall be familiar with the chemical nature of the materials and the appropriate mitigating actions necessary in the event of a fire, leak or spill. Responsible persons shall be designated and trained to be liaison personnel for the fire department. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplanning emergency responses and identification of the locations where hazardous materials are located, and shall have access to material safety data sheets and be knowledgeable in the site emergency response procedures.


407.5 Hazardous materials inventory statement. Where required by the fire code official, each application for a permit shall include a hazardous materials inventory statement (HMIS) in accordance with Section 2701.5.2.


407.6 Hazardous materials management plan. Where required by the fire code official, each application for a permit shall include a hazardous materials management plan (HMMP) in accordance with Section 2701.5.1. The fire code official is authorized to accept a similar plan required by other regulations.


407.7 Facility closure plans. The permit holder or applicant shall submit to the fire code official a facility closure plan in accordance with Section 2701.6.3 to terminate storage, dispensing, handling or use of hazardous materials.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0408   Use and occupancy-related requirements.  


408.1 General. In addition to the other requirements of this chapter, the provisions of this section are applicable to specific occupancies listed herein.


408.2 Group A occupancies. Group A occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 408.2.1 and 408.2.2 and Sections 401 through 406.


408.2.1 Seating plan. The fire safety and evacuation plans for assembly occupancies shall include the information required by Section 404.3 and a detailed seating plan, occupant load and occupant load limit. Deviations from the approved plans shall be allowed provided the occupant load limit for the occupancy is not exceeded and the aisles and exit accessways remain unobstructed.


408.2.2 Announcements. In theaters, motion picture theaters, auditoriums and similar assembly occupancies in Group A used for noncontinuous programs, an audible announcement shall be made not more than 10 minutes prior to the start of each program to notify the occupants of the location of the exits to be used in the event of a fire or other emergency.


EXCEPTION: In motion picture theaters, the announcement is allowed to be projected upon the screen in a manner approved by the fire code official.

408.3 Group E occupancies and Group R-2 college and university buildings. Group E occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 408.3.1 through 408.3.4 and Sections 401 through 406. Group R-2 college and university buildings shall comply with the requirements of Sections 408.3.1 and 408.3.3 and Sections 401 through 406.


408.3.1 First emergency evacuation drill. The first emergency evacuation drill of each school year shall be conducted within 10 days of the beginning of classes.


408.3.2 Emergency evacuation drill deferral. In severe climates, the fire code official shall have the authority to modify the emergency evacuation drill frequency specified in Section 405.2.


408.3.3 Time of day. Emergency evacuation drills shall be conducted at different hours of the day or evening, during the changing of classes, when the school is at assembly, during the recess or gymnastic periods, or during other times to avoid distinction between drills and actual fires. In Group R-2 college and university buildings, one required drill shall be held during hours after sunset or before sunrise.


408.3.4 Assembly points. Outdoor assembly areas shall be designated and shall be located a safe distance from the building being evacuated so as to avoid interference with fire department operations. The assembly areas shall be arranged to keep each class separate to provide accountability of all individuals.


408.4 Group H-5 occupancies. Group H-5 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 408.4.1 through 408.4.4 and Sections 401 through 407.


408.4.1 Plans and diagrams. In addition to the requirements of Sections 404 and 407.6, plans and diagrams shall be maintained in approved locations indicating the approximate plan for each area, the amount and type of HPM stored, handled and used, locations of shutoff valves for HPM supply piping, emergency telephone locations and locations of exits.


408.4.2 Plan updating. The plans and diagrams required by Section 408.4.1 shall be maintained up to date and the fire code official and fire department shall be informed of all major changes.


408.4.3 Emergency response team. Responsible persons shall be designated the on-site emergency response team and trained to be liaison personnel for the fire department. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplanning emergency responses, identifying locations where HPM is stored, handled and used, and be familiar with the chemical nature of such material. An adequate number of personnel for each work shift shall be designated.


408.4.4 Emergency drills. Emergency drills of the on-site emergency response team shall be conducted on a regular basis but not less than once every three months. Records of drills conducted shall be maintained.


408.5 Group I-1 occupancies. Group I-1 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 408.5.1 through 408.5.5 and Sections 401 through 406.


408.5.1 Fire safety and evacuation plan. The fire safety and evacuation plan required by Section 404 shall include special staff actions including fire protection procedures necessary for residents and shall be amended or revised upon admission of any resident with unusual needs.


408.5.2 Staff training. Employees shall be periodically instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibilities under the plan. Such instruction shall be reviewed by the staff at least every two months. A copy of the plan shall be readily available at all times within the facility.


408.5.3 Resident training. Residents capable of assisting in their own evacuation shall be trained in the proper actions to take in the event of a fire. The training shall include actions to take if the primary escape route is blocked. Where the resident is given rehabilitation or habilitation training, training in fire prevention and actions to take in the event of a fire shall be a part of the rehabilitation training program. Residents shall be trained to assist each other in case of fire to the extent their physical and mental abilities permit them to do so without additional personal risk.


408.5.4 Drill frequency. Emergency evacuation drills shall be conducted at least six times per year, two times per year on each shift. Twelve drills shall be conducted in the first year of operation. Drills are not required to comply with the time requirements of Section 405.4.


408.5.5 Resident participation. Emergency evacuation drills shall involve the actual evacuation of residents to a selected assembly point.


408.6 Group I-2 occupancies. Group I-2 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 408.6.1 and 408.6.2 and Sections 401 through 406. Drills are not required to comply with the time requirements of Section 405.4.


408.6.1 Evacuation not required. During emergency evacuation drills, the movement of patients to safe areas or to the exterior of the building is not required.


408.6.2 Coded alarm signal. When emergency evacuation drills are conducted after visiting hours or when patients or residents are expected to be asleep, a coded announcement is allowed instead of audible alarms.

    
408.7 Group I-3 occupancies. Group I-3 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 408.7.1 through 408.7.4 and Sections 401 through 406.


408.7.1 Employee training. Employees shall be instructed in the proper use of portable fire extinguishers and other manual fire suppression equipment. Training of new staff shall be provided promptly upon entrance on duty. Refresher training shall be provided at least annually.


408.7.2 Staffing. Group I-3 occupancies shall be provided with 24-hour staffing. Staff shall be within three floors or 300 feet (91,440 mm) horizontal distance of the access door of each resident housing area. In Use Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in Chapter 2, the arrangement shall be such that the staff involved can start release of locks necessary for emergency evacuation or rescue and initiate other necessary emergency actions within 2 minutes of an alarm.


EXCEPTION: Staff shall not be required to be within three floors or 300 feet (91,440 mm) in areas in which all locks are unlocked remotely and automatically in accordance with Section 408.4 of the International Building Code.

408.7.3 Notification. Provisions shall be made for residents in Use Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in Chapter 2, to readily notify staff of an emergency.


408.7.4 Keys. Keys necessary for unlocking doors installed in a means of egress shall be individually identifiable by both touch and sight.


408.8 Group R-1 occupancies. Group R-1 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 408.8.1 through 408.8.3 and Sections 401 through 406.


408.8.1 Evacuation diagrams. A diagram depicting two evacuation routes shall be posted on or immediately adjacent to every required egress door from each hotel, motel or dormitory sleeping unit.


408.8.2 Emergency duties. Upon discovery of a fire or suspected fire, hotel, motel and dormitory employees shall perform the following duties:

     1. Activate the fire alarm system, where provided.

     2. Notify the public fire department.

     3. Take other action as previously instructed.


408.8.3 Fire safety and evacuation instructions. Information shall be provided in the fire safety and evacuation plan required by Section 404 to allow guests to decide whether to evacuate to the outside, evacuate to an area of refuge, remain in place, or any combination of the three.


408.9 Group R-2 occupancies. Group R-2 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Sections 408.9.1 through 408.9.3 and Sections 401 through 406.


408.9.1 Emergency guide. A fire emergency guide shall be provided which describes the location, function and use of fire protection equipment and appliances accessible to residents, including fire alarm systems, smoke alarms, and portable fire extinguishers. The guide shall also include an emergency evacuation plan for each dwelling unit.


408.9.2 Maintenance. Emergency guides shall be reviewed and approved in accordance with Section 401.2.


408.9.3 Distribution. A copy of the emergency guide shall be given to each tenant prior to initial occupancy.


408.10 Group R-4 occupancies. This section is not adopted.


408.11 Covered mall buildings. Covered mall buildings shall comply with the provisions of Sections 408.11.1 through 408.11.3.


408.11.1 Lease plan. A lease plan shall be prepared for each covered mall building. The plan shall include the following information in addition to that required by Section 404.3.2:

     1. Each occupancy, including identification of tenant.

     2. Exits from each tenant space.

     3. Fire protection features, including the following:

     3.1. Fire department connections.

     3.2. Fire command center.

     3.3. Smoke management system controls.

     3.4. Elevators, elevator machine rooms and controls.

     3.5. Hose valve outlets.

     3.6. Sprinkler and standpipe control valves.

     3.7. Automatic fire-extinguishing system areas.

     3.8. Automatic fire detector zones.

     3.9. Fire barriers.


408.11.1.1 Submittal. The lease plan shall be submitted to the fire code official, and shall be maintained on-site for immediate reference by responding fire service personnel.


408.11.1.2 Revisions. The lease plans shall be reviewed and revised annually or as often as necessary to keep them current. Modifications or changes in tenants or occupancies shall not be made without prior approval of the fire code official and building official.


408.11.2 Tenant identification. Each occupied tenant space provided with a secondary exit to the exterior or exit corridor shall be provided with tenant identification by business name and/or address. Letters and numbers shall be posted on the corridor side of the door, be plainly legible and shall contrast with their background.


EXCEPTION: Tenant identification is not required for anchor stores.

408.11.3 Maintenance. Unoccupied tenant spaces shall be:

     1. Kept free from the storage of any materials.

     2. Separated from the remainder of the building by partitions of at least 0.5 inch-thick (12.7 mm) gypsum board or an approved equivalent to the underside of the ceiling of the adjoining tenant spaces.

     3. Without doors or other access openings other than one door that shall be kept key locked in the closed position except during that time when opened for inspection.

     4. Kept free from combustible waste and be broom swept clean.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0503   Fire apparatus access roads.  


503.1 Where required. Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with locally adopted street, road, and access standards.


503.1.1 Buildings and facilities, is not adopted.


503.1.2 Additional access, is not adopted.


503.1.3 High-piled storage, is not adopted.


503.2 Specifications. This section is not adopted.


503.3 Marking. This section is not adopted.


503.4 Obstruction of fire apparatus access roads. This section is not adopted.


503.4.1 Traffic calming devices. This section is not adopted.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0507   Fire protection water supplies.  


507.3 Fire flow. Fire flow requirements for buildings or portions of buildings and facilities shall be determined by an approved method.


EXCEPTION: Fire flow is not required for structures under 500 square feet with a B, U or R-1 occupancy where structures are at least 30 feet from any other structure and are used only for recreation.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0508   Fire command center.  


508.1.2 Separation. The fire command center shall be separated from the remainder of the building by not less than a 2-hour fire barrier constructed in accordance with Section 707 of the International Building Code or horizontal assembly constructed in accordance with Section 712 of the International Building Code, or both.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0605   Electrical equipment, wiring and hazards.  


605.11 Solar photovoltaic power systems. This section is not adopted.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0609   Commercial kitchen hoods.  


[M] 609.2 Where required. A Type I hood shall be installed at or above all commercial cooking appliances and domestic cooking appliances used for commercial purposes that produce grease laden vapors.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. A Type I hood shall not be required to be installed in R-2 occupancies licensed by the state of Washington.
2. A Type I hood shall not be required for an electric cooking appliance where an approved testing agency provides documentation that the appliance effluent contains 5 mg/m3 or less of grease when tested at an exhaust flow rate of 500 cfm (0.236 m3/s) in accordance with Section 17 of UL 710B.

609.2.1 Domestic cooking appliances used for commercial purposes. Domestic cooking appliances utilized for commercial purposes shall be provided with Type I, Type II or residential hoods as required for the type of appliances and processes in accordance with Table 609.2.1 and IMC Sections 507.2, 507.2.1 and 507.2.2.


Table 609.2.1

Type of Hood Required for Domestic Cooking Appliances in the Following Spacesa, b


Type of Space Type of Cooking Type of Hood
Church 1. Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food Type II hood
2. Roasting, pan frying and deep frying Type I hood
Community or party room in apartment and condominium 1. Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food Residential hoodc or Type II hoodd
2. Roasting, pan frying and deep frying Type I hood
Day care 1. Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food Residential hoodc or Type II hoodd
2. Roasting, pan frying and deep frying Type I hood
Dormitory, boarding home, nursing home 1. Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food Type II hood
2. Roasting, pan frying and deep frying Type I hood
Office lunch room 1. Boiling, steaming and warming precooked food Residential hoodc or Type II hoodd
2. Roasting, pan frying and deep frying Type I hood

a Commercial cooking appliances shall comply with Section 507.2.
b Requirements in this table apply to electric or gas fuel appliances only. Solid fuel appliances or charbroilers require Type I hoods.
c Residential hood shall ventilate to the outside.
d Type II hood required when more than one appliance is used.

609.3 Operations, inspection and maintenance. Commercial cooking systems shall be operated, inspected and maintained in accordance with Sections 609.3.1 through 609.3.4 and Chapter 11 of NFPA 96.

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     Reviser's note: The brackets and enclosed material in the text of the above section occurred in the copy filed by the agency and appear in the Register pursuant to the requirements of RCW 34.08.040.
NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0806   Decorative vegetation in new and existing buildings.  


806.1.1 Restricted occupancies. Natural cut trees shall be prohibited in the following occupancies:

     1. Group I; and

     2. R-2 occupancies providing licensed care to clients in one of the categories listed in IBC Section 310.1 licensed by Washington state.


806.1.2 Support devices. The support device that holds the tree in an upright position shall be of a type that is stable and that meets all of the following criteria:

     1. The device shall hold the tree securely and be of adequate size to avoid tipping over of the tree.

     2. The device shall be capable of containing a minimum supply of water in accordance with Table 806.1.2.

     3. The water level, when full, shall cover the tree stem at least 2 inches (51 mm). The water level shall be maintained above the fresh cut and checked at least once daily.


Table 806.1.2

Support Stand Water Capacity


Tree Stem Diameter (inches) Minimum Support Stand Water Capacity (gallons) Typical Daily Water Transpiration Amount (gallons)
Up to 4 1 1/4 to 1
4 to 6 1 1/2 1 1/4 to 1 1/2
7 to 8 2 1 3/4 to 2
9 to 12 3 2 1/4 to 3
13 and over 4 Over 3

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0903   Automatic sprinkler systems.  


903.2.1.6 Nightclub. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout Group A-2 nightclubs as defined in this code.


903.2.3 Group E. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group E occupancies.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. Portable school classrooms with an occupant load of 50 or less calculated in accordance with Table 1004.1.2, provided that the aggregate area of any cluster of portable classrooms does not exceed 5,000 square feet (1465 m2); and clusters of portable school classrooms shall be separated as required by the building code.
2. Group E occupancies with an occupant load of 50 or less, calculated in accordance with Table 1004.1.2.

903.2.8 Group R. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3 shall be provided throughout all buildings with a Group R fire area.


EXCEPTION: Group R-1 if all of the following conditions apply:
1. The Group R fire area is no more than 500 square feet and is used for recreational use only.
2. The Group R fire area is on only one story.
3. The Group R fire area does not include a basement.
4. The Group R fire area is no closer than 30 feet from another structure.
5. Cooking is not allowed within the Group R fire area.
6. The Group R fire area has an occupant load of no more than 8.
7. A hand-held (portable) fire extinguisher is in every Group R fire area.

903.2.11 Basements. Where any portion of a basement is located more than 75 feet (22860 mm) from openings required by Section 903.2.11.1, or where new walls, partitions or other similar obstructions are installed that increase the exit access travel distance to more than 75 feet, the basement shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0907   Fire alarm and detection systems.  


907.2.9.1.1 Group R-2 boarding homes. A manual fire alarm system shall be installed in Group R-2 occupancies where the building contains a boarding home licensed by the state of Washington.


EXCEPTION: In boarding homes licensed by the state of Washington, manual fire alarm boxes in resident sleeping areas shall not be required at exits if located at all constantly attended staff locations, provided such staff locations are visible, continuously accessible, located on each floor, and positioned so no portion of the story exceeds a horizontal travel distance of 200 feet to a manual fire alarm box.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0908   Emergency alarm systems.  


908.7 Carbon monoxide alarms. Group I or Group R occupancies shall be provided with single station carbon monoxide alarms installed outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms in dwelling units and on each level of the dwelling. The carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed as complying with UL 2034 and be installed and maintained in accordance with NFPA 720-2009 and the manufacturer's instructions.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. For other than R-2 occupancies, the building does not contain a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or an attached garage; or
2. Sleeping units or dwelling units in I and R-1 occupancies and R-2 college dormitories, hotel, and DSHS licensed boarding home and residential treatment facility occupancies which do not themselves contain a fuel-burning appliance, or a fuel-burning fireplace, or have an attached garage, need not be provided with carbon monoxide alarms provided that:
a. The sleeping unit or dwelling unit is not adjacent to any room which contains a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or an attached garage; and
b. The sleeping unit or dwelling unit is not connected by duct work or ventilation shafts with a supply or return register in the same room to any room containing a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or an attached garage; and
c. The building is provided with a common area carbon monoxide detection system.
3. An open parking garage, as defined in Chapter 2 of the International Building Code, or enclosed parking garage ventilated in accordance with Section 404 of the International Mechanical Code shall not be considered an attached garage.

908.7.1 Carbon monoxide detection systems. Carbon monoxide detection systems, that include carbon monoxide detectors and audible notification appliances, installed and maintained in accordance with this section for carbon monoxide alarms and NFPA 720-2009 shall be permitted. The carbon monoxide detectors shall be listed as complying with UL 2075.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0909   Elevator hoistway pressurization alternative.   Where elevator hoistway pressurization is provided in lieu of required enclosed elevator lobbies, the pressurization system shall comply with Sections 909.21.1 through 909.21.11.


909.21.1 Pressurization requirements. Elevator hoistways shall be pressurized to maintain a minimum positive pressure of 0.10 inches of water (25 Pa) and a maximum positive pressure of 0.25 inches of water (67 Pa) with respect to adjacent occupied space on all floors. This pressure shall be measured at the midpoint of each hoistway door, with all elevator cars at the floor of recall and all hoistway doors on the floor of recall open and all other hoistway doors closed. The opening and closing of hoistway doors at each level must be demonstrated during this test. The supply air intake shall be from an outside uncontaminated source located a minimum distance of 20 feet (6096 mm) from any air exhaust system or outlet.


909.21.2 Rational analysis. A rational analysis complying with Section 909.4 shall be submitted with the construction documents.


909.21.3 Ducts for system. Any duct system that is part of the pressurization system shall be protected with the same fire-resistance rating as required for the elevator shaft enclosure.


909.21.4 Fan system. The fan system provided for the pressurization system shall be as required by Sections 909.21.4.1 through 909.21.4.4.


909.21.4.1 Fire resistance. When located within the building, the fan system that provides the pressurization shall be protected with the same fire-resistance rating required for the elevator shaft enclosure.


909.21.4.2 Smoke detection. The fan system shall be equipped with a smoke detector that will automatically shut down the fan system when smoke is detected within the system.


909.21.4.3 Separate systems. A separate fan system shall be used for each elevator hoistway.


909.21.4.4 Fan capacity. The supply fan shall either be adjustable with a capacity of at least 1,000 cfm (0.4719 m3/s) per door, or that specified by a registered design professional to meet the requirements of a designed pressurization system.


909.21.5 Standby power. The pressurization system shall be provided with standby power from the same source as other required emergency systems for the building.


909.21.6 Activation of pressurization system. The elevator pressurization system shall be activated upon activation of the building fire alarm system or upon activation of the elevator lobby smoke detectors. Where both a building fire alarm system and elevator lobby smoke detectors are present, each shall be independently capable of activating the pressurization system.


909.21.7 Special inspection. Special inspection for performance shall be required in accordance with Section 909.18.8. System acceptance shall be in accordance with Section 909.19.


909.21.8 Marking and identification. Detection and control systems shall be marked in accordance with Section 909.14.


909.21.9 Control diagrams. Control diagrams shall be provided in accordance with Section 909.15.


909.21.10 Control panel. A control panel complying with Section 909.16 shall be provided.


909.21.11 System response time. Hoistway pressurization systems shall comply with the requirements for smoke control system response time in Section 909.17.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-0915   Alerting systems.  


915.1 General. An approved alerting system shall be provided in buildings and structures as required in Chapter 4 and this section, unless other requirements are provided by another section of this code.


EXCEPTION: Approved alerting systems in existing buildings, structures or occupancies.
    
915.2 Power source. Alerting systems shall be provided with power supplies in accordance with Section 4.4.1 of NFPA 72 and circuit disconnecting means identified as "EMERGENCY ALERTING SYSTEM."


EXCEPTION: Systems which do not require electrical power to operate.

915.3 Duration of operation. The alerting system shall be capable of operating under nonalarm condition (quiescent load) for a minimum of 24 hours and then shall be capable of operating during an emergency condition for a period of 15 minutes at maximum connected load.


915.4 Combination system. Alerting system components and equipment shall be allowed to be used for other purposes.


915.4.1 System priority. The alerting system use shall take precedence over any other use.


915.4.2 Fire alarm system. Fire alarm systems sharing components and equipment with alerting systems must be in accordance with Section 6.8.4 of NFPA 72.


915.4.2.1 Signal priority. Recorded or live alert signals generated by an alerting system that shares components with a fire alarm system shall, when actuated, take priority over fire alarm messages and signals.


915.4.2.2 Temporary deactivation. Should the fire alarm system be in the alarm mode when such an alerting system is actuated, it shall temporarily cause deactivation of all fire alarm-initiated audible messages or signals during the time period required to transmit the alert signal.


915.4.2.3 Supervisory signal. Deactivation of fire alarm audible and visual notification signals shall cause a supervisory signal for each notification zone affected in the fire alarm system.


915.5 Audibility. Audible characteristics of the alert signal shall be in accordance with Section 7.4.1 of NFPA 72 throughout the area served by the alerting system.


EXCEPTION: Areas served by approved visual or textual notification, where the visible notification appliances are not also used as a fire alarm signal, are not required to be provided with audibility complying with Section 915.6.

915.6 Visibility. Visible and textual notification appliances shall be permitted in addition to alert signal audibility.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-1007   Accessible means of egress.  


1007.1 Accessible means of egress required. Accessible means of egress shall comply with this section. Accessible spaces shall be provided with not less than one accessible means of egress. Where more than one means of egress are required by Section 1015.1 or 1021.1 from any accessible space, each accessible portion of the space shall be served by not less than two accessible means of egress.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. Accessible means of egress are not required in alterations to existing buildings.
2. One accessible means of egress is required from an accessible mezzanine level in accordance with Section 1007.3, 1007.4 or 1007.5.
3. In assembly areas with sloped or stepped aisles, one accessible means of egress is permitted where the common path of travel is accessible and meets the requirements in Section 1028.8.
4. In parking garages, accessible means of egress are not required to serve parking areas that do not contain accessible parking spaces.

1007.8.1 System requirements. Two-way communication systems shall provide communication between each required location and the fire command center or a central control point location approved by the fire department. Where the central control point is not constantly attended, a two-way communication system shall have a timed automatic telephone dial-out capability to a monitoring location. The two-way communication system shall include both audible and visible signals. The two-way communication system shall have a battery backup or an approved alternate source of power that is capable of 90 minutes use upon failure of the normal power source.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-1008   Doors, gates and turnstiles.  


1008.1.9.3 Locks and latches. Locks and latches shall be permitted to prevent operation of doors where any of the following exists:

     1. Places of detention or restraint.

     2. In buildings in occupancy Group A having an occupant load of 300 or less, Groups B, F, M and S, and in places of religious worship, the main exterior door or doors are permitted to be equipped with key-operated locking devices from the egress side provided:

     2.1. The locking device is readily distinguishable as locked;

     2.2. A readily visible sign is posted on the egress side on or adjacent to the door stating: THIS DOOR TO REMAIN UNLOCKED WHEN BUILDING IS OCCUPIED. The sign shall be in letters 1 inch (25 mm) high on a contrasting background; and

     2.3. The use of the key-operated locking device is revocable by the building official for due cause.

     3. Where egress doors are used in pairs, approved automatic flush bolts shall be permitted to be used, provided that the door leaf having the automatic flush bolts has no doorknob or surface-mounted hardware.

     4. Doors from individual dwelling or sleeping units of Group R occupancies having an occupant load of 10 or less are permitted to be equipped with a night latch, dead bolt, or security chain, provided such devices are openable from the inside without the use of a key or a tool.

     5. Fire doors after the minimum elevated temperature has disabled the unlatching mechanism in accordance with listed fire door test procedures.

     6. Approved, listed locks without delayed egress shall be permitted in Group R-2 boarding homes licensed by Washington state, provided that:

     6.1. The clinical needs of one or more patients require specialized security measures for their safety.

     6.2. The doors unlock upon actuation of the automatic sprinkler system or automatic fire detection system.

     6.3. The doors unlock upon loss of electrical power controlling the lock or lock mechanism.

     6.4. The lock shall be capable of being deactivated by a signal from a switch located in an approved location.

     6.5. There is a system, such as a keypad and code, in place that allows visitors, staff persons and appropriate residents to exit. Instructions for exiting shall be posted within six feet of the door.


1008.1.9.6 Special locking arrangements in Group I-2. Approved special egress locks shall be permitted in a Group I-2 Occupancy where the clinical needs of persons receiving care require such locking. Special egress locks shall be permitted in such occupancies where the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or an approved automatic smoke or heat detection system installed in accordance with Section 907, provided that the doors unlock in accordance with Items 1 through 7.

     1. The doors unlock upon actuation of the automatic

sprinkler system or automatic fire detection system.

     2. The doors unlock upon loss of power controlling

the lock or lock mechanism.

     3. The door locks shall have the capability of being

unlocked by a signal from the fire command center, a nursing station or other approved location.

     4. A building occupant shall not be required to pass through more than one door equipped with a special egress lock before entering an exit.

     5. The procedures for the operation(s) of the unlocking system shall be described and approved as part of the emergency planning and preparedness required by Chapter 4 of the International Fire Code.

     6. There is a system, such as a keypad and code, in place that allows visitors, staff persons and appropriate residents to exit. Instructions for exiting shall be posted within six feet of the door.

     7. Emergency lighting shall be provided at the door.


EXCEPTION: Items 1, 2, 3, and 6 shall not apply to doors to areas where persons, which because of clinical needs, require restraint or containment as part of the function of a psychiatric treatment area provided that all clinical staff shall have the keys, codes or other means necessary to operate the locking devices.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-1009   Stairways and handrails.  


1009.3 Exit access stairways. Floor openings between stories created by exit access stairways shall be enclosed.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. In other than Group I-2 and I-3 occupancies, exit access stairways that serve, or atmospherically communicate between, only two stories are not required to be enclosed. Such interconnected stories shall not be open to other stories.
2. Exit access stairways serving and contained within a single residential dwelling unit or sleeping unit in Group R-1, R-2 or R-3 occupancies are not required to be enclosed.
3. In Group B or M occupancies, exit access stairways that are designed exclusively for circulation are not required to be enclosed provided that the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, the area of the floor opening between stories does not exceed twice the horizontal projected area of the exit access stairway, and the opening is protected by a draft curtain and closely spaced sprinklers in accordance with NFPA 13.
4. In other than Group B and M occupancies, exit access stairways that are designed exclusively for circulation are not required to be enclosed provided that the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, the floor opening does not connect more than four stories, the area of the floor opening between stories does not exceed twice the horizontal projected area of the exit access stairway, and the opening is protected by a draft curtain and closely spaced sprinklers in accordance with NFPA 13.

1009.18 Stairways in individual dwelling units. Stairs or ladders within an individual dwelling unit used for access to areas of 200 square feet (18.6 m2) or less, and not containing the primary bathroom or kitchen, are exempt from the requirements of Section 1009.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-1010   Ramps.  


1010.1 Scope. The provisions of this section shall apply to ramps used as a component of a means of egress.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. Other than ramps that are part of the accessible routes providing access in accordance with Sections 1108.2 through 1108.2.4 and 1108.2.6, ramped aisles within assembly rooms or spaces shall conform with the provisions in Section 1028.11.
2. Curb ramps shall comply with ICC A117.1.
3. Vehicle ramps in parking garages for pedestrian exit access shall not be required to comply with Sections 1010.4 through 1010. when they are not an accessible route serving accessible parking spaces or other required accessible elements.
4. In a parking garage where one accessible means of egress serving accessible parking spaces or other accessible elements is provided, a second accessible means of egress serving that area may include a vehicle ramp that does not comply with Sections 1010.5, 1010.6, and 1010.9. A landing complying with Sections 1010.7.1 and 1010.7.4 shall be provided at any change of direction in the accessible means of egress.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-1018   Corridors.  


1018.5 Air movement in corridors. Corridors shall not serve as supply, return, exhaust, relief or ventilation air ducts.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. Use of a corridor as a source of makeup air for exhaust systems in rooms that open directly onto such corridors, including toilet rooms, bathrooms, dressing rooms, smoking lounges and janitor closets, shall be permitted provided that each such corridor is directly supplied with outdoor air at a rate greater than the rate of makeup air taken from the corridor.
2. Where located within a dwelling unit, the use of corridors for conveying return air shall not be prohibited.
3. Where located within tenant spaces of one thousand square feet (93 m2) or less in area, utilization of corridors for conveying return air is permitted.
4. Incidental air movement from pressurized rooms within health care facilities, provided that a corridor is not the primary source of supply or return to the room.
5. Where such air is part of an engineered smoke control system.
6. Air supplied to corridors serving residential occupancies shall not be considered as providing ventilation air to the dwelling units subject to the following:
6.1. The air supplied to the corridor is one hundred percent outside air; and
6.2. The units served by the corridor have conforming ventilation air independent of the air supplied to the corridor; and
6.3. For other than high-rise buildings, the supply fan will automatically shut off upon activation of corridor smoke detectors which shall be spaced at no more than thirty feet (9144 mm) on center along the corridor; or
6.4. For high-rise buildings, corridor smoke detector activation will close required smoke/fire dampers at the supply inlet to the corridor at the floor receiving the alarm.

1018.6 Corridor continuity. Fire-resistance-rated corridors shall be continuous from the point of entry to an exit, and shall not be interrupted by intervening rooms.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. Foyers, lobbies or reception rooms constructed as required for corridors shall not be construed as intervening rooms.
2. In Group R-2 boarding homes and residential treatment facilities licensed by Washington state, seating areas shall be allowed to be open to the corridor provided:
2.1. The seating area is constructed as required for the corridor;
2.2. The floor is separated into at least two compartments complying with Section 407.5;
2.3. Each individual seating area does not exceed 150 square feet, excluding the corridor width;
2.4. The combined total space of seating areas per compartment does not exceed 300 square feet, excluding the corridor width;
2.5. Combustible furnishings located within the seating area shall be in accordance with the International Fire Code Section 805; and
2.6. Emergency means of egress lighting is provided as required by Section 1006 to illuminate the area.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-1021   Number of exits and exit configurations.  


1021.3.1 Access to exits at adjacent levels. Access to exits at other levels shall be by stairways or ramps. Where access to exits occurs from adjacent building levels, the horizontal and vertical exit access travel distance to the closest exit shall not exceed that specified in Section 1016.1. The path of egress travel to an exit shall not pass through more than one adjacent story.


EXCEPTION: Landing platforms or roof areas for helistops that are less than 60 feet (18,288 mm) long, or less than 2,000 square feet (186 m2) in area, shall be permitted to access the second exit by a fire escape, alternating tread device or ladder leading to the story or level below.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-1103   Fire safety requirements for existing buildings.  


1103.4.3 Nightclub. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout A-2 nightclubs as defined in this code. No building shall be constructed for, used for, or converted to occupancy as a nightclub except in accordance with this section.


1103.9 Carbon monoxide alarms. Existing Group I or Group R occupancies shall be provided with single station carbon monoxide alarms in accordance with Section 908.7. An inspection will occur when alterations, repairs or additions requiring a permit occur, or when one or more sleeping rooms are added or created. The carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed as complying with UL 2034 and be installed and maintained in accordance with NFPA 720-2009 and the manufacturer's instructions.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. For other than R-2 occupancies, if the building does not contain a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or an attached garage.
2. Work involving the exterior surfaces of dwellings, such as the replacement of roofing or siding, or the addition or replacement of windows or doors, or the addition of a porch or deck, or electrical permits.
3. Installation, alteration or repairs of noncombustion plumbing or mechanical systems.
4. Sleeping units or dwelling units in I and R-1 occupancies and R-2 college dormitories, hotel, and DSHS licensed boarding home and residential treatment facility occupancies which do not themselves contain a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or have an attached garage, need not be provided with carbon monoxide alarms provided that:
a. The sleeping units or dwelling unit is not adjacent to any room which contains a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or an attached garage; and
b. The sleeping units or dwelling unit is not connected by duct work or ventilation shafts with a supply or return register in the same room to any room containing a fuel-burning appliance, a fuel-burning fireplace, or to an attached garage; and
c. The building is provided with a common area carbon monoxide detection system.
5. An open parking garage, as defined in the International Building Code, or enclosed parking garage ventilated in accordance with Section 404 of the International Mechanical Code shall not be considered an attached garage.

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OPTION ONE: (Requiring PLM for existing buildings)
NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-1104   Means of egress for existing buildings.  


1104.1 General. Means of egress in existing buildings shall comply with Section 1030 and 1104.2 through 1104.24.


EXCEPTION: Means of egress conforming to the requirements of the building code under which they were constructed and Section 1030 shall not be required to comply with 1104.2 through 1104.22.

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OPTION 2: (Matching the existing emergency rule)
NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-1104   Means of egress for existing buildings.  


1104.1 General. Means of egress in existing buildings shall comply with Section 1030 and 1104.2 through 1104.24.


EXCEPTION: Means of egress conforming to the requirements of the building code under which they were constructed and Section 1030 shall not be required to comply with 1104.2 through 1104.22 and 1104.24.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-3601   Marinas -- Scope.  


3601.1.2 Permits. For permits to operate marine motor fuel-dispensing stations, application of flammable or combustible finishes, and hot works, see Section 105.6.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-3602   Definitions.  


3602.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in Chapter 2:


COVERED BOAT MOORAGE.


FLOAT.


GRAVITY-OPERATED DROP OUT VENTS.


MARINA.


PIER.


VESSEL.


WHARF.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-3604   Fire protection equipment.  


3604.2 Standpipes. Marinas shall be equipped throughout with Class I manual, dry standpipe systems in accordance with NFPA 303. Systems shall be provided with outlets located such that no point on the marina pier or float system exceeds 150 feet from a standpipe outlet.


3604.3 Access and water supply. Piers and wharves shall be provided with fire apparatus access roads and water-supply systems with on-site fire hydrants when required and approved by the fire code official. At least one fire hydrant capable of providing the required fire flow shall be provided within an approved distance of standpipe supply connections.


3604.4 Portable fire extinguishers. One 4A40BC fire extinguisher shall be provided at each standpipe outlet. Additional fire extinguishers, suitable for the hazards involved, shall be provided and maintained in accordance with Section 906.


3604.7 Smoke and heat vents. Approved automatic smoke and heat vents shall be provided in covered boat moorage areas exceeding 2,500 sq. ft. (232 m2) in area, excluding roof overhangs.


EXCEPTION: Smoke and heat vents are not required in areas protected by automatic sprinklers.

3604.7.1 Design and installation. Where smoke and heat vents are required they shall be installed near the roof peak, evenly distributed and arranged so that at least one vent is over each covered berth. The effective vent area shall be calculated using a ratio of one square foot of vent to every fifteen square feet of covered berth area (1:15). Each vent shall provide a minimum opening size of 4 ft. x 4 ft.


3604.7.1.1 Smoke and heat vents. Smoke and heat vents shall operate automatically by actuation of a heat-responsive device rated at between 100șF (56șC) above ambient.


EXCEPTION: Gravity-operated drop out vents.

3604.7.1.2 Gravity-operated drop out vents. Gravity-operated drop out vents shall fully open within 5 minutes after the vent cavity is exposed to a simulated fire represented by a time-temperature gradient that reaches an air temperature of 500șF (260șC) within 5 minutes.


3604.8 Draft curtains. Draft curtains shall be provided in covered boat moorage areas exceeding 2,500 sq. ft. (232 m2) in area, excluding roof overhangs.


EXCEPTION: Draft curtains are not required in areas protected by automatic sprinklers.

3604.8.1 Draft curtain construction. Draft curtains shall be constructed of sheet metal, gypsum board or other approved materials that provide equivalent performance to resist the passage of smoke. Joints and connections shall be smoke tight.


3604.8.2 Draft curtain location and depth. The maximum area protected by draft curtains shall not exceed 2,000 sq. ft. (186 m2) or two slips or berths, whichever is smaller. Draft curtains shall not extend past the piling line. Draft curtains shall have a minimum depth of 4 feet and shall not extend closer than 8 feet (2438 mm) to the walking surface of the pier.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-5306   Medical gas systems.  


5306.1 General. Compressed gases at hospitals and similar facilities intended for inhalation or sedation including, but not limited to, analgesia systems for dentistry, podiatry, veterinary and similar uses shall comply with Sections 5306.2 through 5306.4 in addition to other requirements of this chapter.


EXCEPTION: All new distribution piping, supply manifolds, connections, regulators, valves, alarms, sensors and associated equipment shall be in accordance with the Plumbing Code.

5306.4 Medical gas systems. The maintenance and testing of medical gas systems including, but not limited to, distribution piping, supply manifolds, connections, pressure regulators and relief devices and valves, shall comply with the maintenance and testing requirements of NFPA 99 and the general provisions of this chapter.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-5601   General.  


5601.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the possession, manufacture, storage, handling, sale and use of explosives, explosive materials, and small arms ammunition. The manufacture, storage, handling, sale and use of fireworks shall be governed by chapter 70.77 RCW, and by chapter 212-17 WAC and local ordinances consistent with chapter 212-17 WAC.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. The Armed Forces of the United States, Coast Guard or National Guard.
2. Explosives in forms prescribed by the official United States Pharmacopoeia.
3. The possession, storage and use of small arms ammunition when packaged in accordance with DOT packaging requirements.
4. The possession, storage and use of not more than 1 pound (0.454 kg) of commercially manufactured sporting black powder, 20 pounds (9 kg) of smokeless powder and 10,000 small arms primers for hand loading of small arms ammunition for personal consumption.
5. The use of explosive materials by federal, state and local regulatory, law enforcement and fire agencies acting in their official capacities.
6. Special industrial explosive devices in which the aggregate contain less than 50 pounds (23 kg) of explosive materials.
7. The possession, storage and use of blank industrial-power load cartridges when packaged in accordance with DOT packaging regulations.
8. Transportation in accordance with DOT 49 C.F.R. Parts 100-178.
9. Items preempted by federal regulations.

5601.1.1 Explosive material standard. In addition to the requirements of this chapter, NFPA 495 shall govern the manufacture, transportation, storage, sale, handling and use of explosive materials. See also chapter 70.74 RCW and chapter 296-52 WAC.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-5704   Storage.  


5704.2.11 Underground tanks. Underground storage of flammable and combustible liquids in tanks shall comply with Section 3404.2 and Sections 3404.2.11.1 through 3404.2.11.5.2. Corrosion protection shall comply with WAC 173-360-305.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-5706   Special operations.  


5706.5.4.5 Commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing. Dispensing of Class II and III motor vehicle fuel from tank vehicles into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles located at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments is allowed where permitted, provided such dispensing operations are conducted in accordance with the following: (Those sections not noted here remain unchanged.)

     12. Fuel delivery vehicles shall be equipped with spill clean-up supplies in accordance with the department of ecology's Source Control Best Management Practices. Such supplies shall be readily available for deployment by the operator at all times and include nonwater absorbents capable of absorbing 15 gallons (56.76 L) of diesel fuel, storm drain plug or cover kit, a nonwater absorbent containment boom of a minimum 10 foot long (3038 mm) length with a 12-gallon (45.41 L) absorbent capacity, a nonmetallic shovel, and two 5-gallon (19 L) buckets with lids.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-6108   Fire protection.  


6108.1 Scope. Storage, handling and transportation of liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas) and the installation of LP-gas equipment pertinent to systems for such uses shall comply with this chapter and NFPA 58. Properties of LP-gas shall be determined in accordance with Appendix B of NFPA 58.


EXCEPTION: The use and storage of listed propane fired barbeque grills on R-2 decks and balconies with an approved container not exceeding a water capacity of 20 pounds (9 kg) that maintain a minimum clearance of 18 inches on all sides, unless listed for lesser clearances.

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-8000   Referenced standards.  


NFPA 9607 Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations. . . . . . . . . . . . 609.3

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NEW SECTION
WAC 51-54A-8100   Appendix K -- Wildland-Urban-Interface Code.  


K101.5 Additions or alterations. Additions or alterations may be made to any building or structure without requiring the existing building or structure to comply with all of the requirements of this code, provided the addition or alteration conforms to that required for a new building or structure.


EXCEPTION: Provisions of this code that specifically apply to existing conditions are retroactive. See Sections 402.3, 601.1 and Appendix A.

     Additions or alterations shall not cause the existing building or structure to become unsafe. An unsafe condition shall be deemed to have been created if an addition or alteration will cause the existing building or structure to become structurally unsafe or overloaded; will not provide adequate access in compliance with the provisions of this code or will obstruct existing exits or access; will create a fire hazard; will reduce required fire resistance or will otherwise create conditions dangerous to human life.


K108.3 Site plan. In addition to the requirements for plans in the International Building Code, the code official may require site plans which include topography, width and percent of grade of access roads, landscape and vegetation details, locations of structures or building envelopes, existing or proposed overhead utilities, occupancy classification of buildings, types of ignition resistant construction of buildings, structures and their appendages, roof classification of buildings, and site water supply systems. The code official is authorized to waive or modify the requirement for a site plan.


K108.4 Vegetation management plans. When required by the code official or when utilized by the permit applicant pursuant to Section 502, vegetation management plans shall be prepared and shall be submitted to the code official for review and approval as part of the plans required for a permit. See Appendix B.


K108.7 Vicinity plan. When required by the code official, the requirements for site plans shall include details regarding the vicinity within 300 feet (91,440 mm) of property lines, including other structures, slope, vegetation, fuel breaks, water supply systems and access roads.


K402.1.1 Access. New subdivisions, as determined by this jurisdiction, shall be provided with fire apparatus access roads in accordance with the International Fire Code.


K402.1.2 Water supply. New subdivisions as determined by this jurisdiction shall be provided with water supply in accordance with the International Fire Code.


K402.2 Individual structures. Individual structures shall comply with Sections 402.2.1 and 402.2.2.


K402.2.1 Access. Individual structures hereafter constructed or relocated into or within wildland-urban interface areas shall be provided with fire apparatus access in accordance with the International Fire Code.


K402.2.2 Water supply. Individual structures hereafter constructed or relocated into or within wildland-urban interface areas shall be provided with a conforming water supply in accordance with the International Fire Code.


EXCEPTIONS: 1. Structures constructed to meet the requirements for the class of ignition-resistant construction specified in Table 503.1 for a nonconforming water supply.
2. Buildings containing only private garages, carports, sheds and agricultural buildings with a floor area of not more than 600 square feet (56 m2).


K402.3 Existing conditions. Existing address markers, roads and fire protection equipment shall be in accordance with the International Fire Code.


Table K503.1

Ignition-Resistant Constructiona


Fire Hazard Severity
Moderate Hazard High Hazard Extreme Hazard
Water Supplyb Water Supplyb Water Supplyb
Defensible Spacec Conforming Nonconforming Conforming Nonconforming Conforming Nonconforming
Nonconforming IR 2 IR 1 IR 1 IR 1 N.C. IR 1 N.C. Not Permitted
Conforming IR 3 IR 2 IR 2 IR 1 IR 1 IR 1 N.C.
1.5 x Conforming Not Required IR 3 IR 3 IR 2 IR 2 IR 1

aAccess shall be in accordance with Section 402.
bWater supply shall be in accordance with Section 402.1.
IR 1 = Ignition-resistant construction in accordance with Section 504.
IR 2 = Ignition-resistant construction in accordance with Section 505.
IR 3 = Ignition-resistant construction in accordance with Section 506.
N.C. = Exterior walls shall have a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 hour and the exterior surfaces of such walls shall be noncombustible. Usage of log wall construction is allowed.
c Conformance based on Section 603.

K403 Access. This section not adopted.


K404 Water supply. This section not adopted.


APPENDIX B-VEGETATION MANAGEMENT PLAN - THIS APPENDIX IS ADOPTED.


APPENDIX C-FIRE DANGER RATING SYSTEM - THIS APPENDIX IS ADOPTED.

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OTS-4947.1


REPEALER
     The following chapter of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed:
WAC 51-54-001 Authority.
WAC 51-54-002 Purpose.
WAC 51-54-003 International Fire Code.
WAC 51-54-007 Exceptions.
WAC 51-54-008 Implementation.
WAC 51-54-0100 Chapter 1 -- Administration.
WAC 51-54-0200 Chapter 2 -- Definitions.
WAC 51-54-0300 Chapter 3 -- General precautions against fire.
WAC 51-54-0400 Chapter 4 -- Emergency planning and preparedness.
WAC 51-54-0500 Chapter 5 -- Fire service features.
WAC 51-54-0600 Chapter 6 -- Building services and systems.
WAC 51-54-0800 Chapter 8 -- Interior finish, decorative materials and furnishings.
WAC 51-54-0900 Chapter 9 -- Fire protection systems.
WAC 51-54-1000 Chapter 10 -- Means of egress.
WAC 51-54-1100 Aircraft-fueling vehicles.
WAC 51-54-2200 Chapter 22 -- Motor fuel-dispensing facilities and repair garages.
WAC 51-54-3000 Chapter 30 -- Compressed gasses.
WAC 51-54-3300 Chapter 33 -- Explosives and fireworks.
WAC 51-54-3400 Chapter 34 -- Flammable and combustible liquids.
WAC 51-54-3800 Chapter 38 -- Liquefied petroleum gases.
WAC 51-54-4500 Chapter 45 -- Marinas.
WAC 51-54-4600 Chapter 46 -- Existing buildings.
WAC 51-54-4700 Chapter 47 -- Referenced standards.
WAC 51-54-4800 Appendix K -- Wildland and Urban Interface Code.

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