Date of Adoption: February 28, 1999.
Purpose: Clarification of issues regarding administration of the breath alcohol test, and implementing some technical program changes.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 448-13-030, 448-13-040, 448-13-050, 448-13-065, 448-13-070, 448-13-080, 448-13-140, 448-13-170, 448-13-180, and 448-13-210.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 46.61.506.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 99-01-012 on December 4, 1998.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 6, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 6, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0. Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
February 28, 1999
Barry K. Logan, Ph.D.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 95-20-025, filed 9/27/95, effective 10/28/95)
(1) "Accuracy" means the proximity of a measured value to a reference value.
(2) "Alcohol" means the unique chemical compound ethyl alcohol.
(3) "Blank test" means the testing of a DataMaster instrument to ensure that no alcohol from a previous test can interfere with a person's breath test.
(4) "Breath alcohol analysis" means analysis of a sample of a person's expired breath, using a breath testing instrument designed for this purpose, which instrument is approved by the state toxicologist, in order to determine the alcohol concentration in that breath sample.
(5) "Breath test document" means the form which is printed by the DataMaster on the completion of a breath alcohol test.
(6) "Calibration" means the process of standardizing the DataMaster using a certified simulator solution to allow by proportion, the measurement of the alcohol concentration of a person's breath. Calibration will be performed periodically as required and at least once a year during quality assurance.
(7) "Certified" when used in conjunction with breath test personnel means an operator, instructor, solution changer or technician possessing a valid permit.
(8) "Certified simulator solution" means an alcohol/water solution prepared and tested by an approved protocol, and meeting the criteria specified therein.
(9) "Certified test" means a test conducted in accordance with WAC 448-13-040 and 448-13-050. A test which meets these requirements as determined from the breath test document is a certified test.
(10) "Concentration" means the weight amount of alcohol, expressed in grams, contained in two hundred ten liters of breath or alcohol/water vapor.
(11) "DataMaster" means BAC Verifier DataMaster, instruments including those carrying the designation BAC Verifier DataMaster II, and the BAC DataMaster. These are the only approved breath test instruments in the state of Washington.
(12) "Data base" means information collected primarily for the purposes of statistical analysis of patterns of drinking and driving in the state of Washington.
(13) "Data entry" means the process of providing information through a keyboard to the DataMaster for the purposes of (a) identifying a breath test document to an individual, and (b) statistical analysis.
(14) "Interference" means a test result whose infrared absorbance properties are not consistent with ethanol.
(15) "End expiratory breath" means the last portion of breath to be delivered to the DataMaster once the appropriate sample acceptance criteria have been met.
(16) "External standard test" means the use of a simulator containing a certified simulator solution, to provide a known alcohol vapor concentration to test the accuracy and proper working order of the DataMaster and confirm its calibration at the time of a person's breath test. This test of the function of the DataMaster is performed with every breath test. The external standard test does not calibrate the DataMaster.
(16))) (17) "Internal standard test" means the use of a quartz filter to provide a check
that the instrument has maintained calibration since the last time calibration was performed and
is in proper working order at the time of the test.
(17))) (18) "Precision" means the ability of a technique to perform a measurement in a
(18))) (19) "Procedure" and "method" are used interchangeably to indicate a series of
steps which, when carried out as directed, constitute the means by which a given task is
performed in a reproducible manner.
(19))) (20) "Protocol" means the written record of any method or procedure.
(20))) (21) "Quality assurance program" means an ongoing program designed to
perform preventative maintenance and identify potential defects before they affect the operation
of the instrument.
(21))) (22) "Simulator" means a device which when filled with a certified simulator
solution, maintained at a known temperature, provides a vapor sample of known alcohol
(22))) (23) "Software" means the computer program stored in the DataMaster which
allows it to operate.
(23))) (24) "Valid breath sample" means a sample of a person's breath provided in such
a manner to be accepted for analysis by the DataMaster.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 95-20-025, § 448-13-030, filed 9/27/95, effective 10/28/95; 91-06-022, § 448-13-030, filed 2/26/91, effective 3/29/91.]
The following method for performing a breath test is approved by the state toxicologist pursuant to WAC 448-13-130 and includes the following safeguards to be observed by the operator prior to the test being performed. It must be determined that: (1) The person does not vomit or have anything to eat, drink, or smoke for at least fifteen minutes prior to administration of the test; and (2) the subject does not have any foreign substances, not to include dental work, fixed or removable, in his or her mouth at the beginning of the fifteen minute observation period. Such determination shall be made by either an examination of the mouth or a denial by the person that he or she has any foreign substances in mouth. A test mouthpiece is not to be considered a foreign substance for purposes of this section. If a subject is wearing jewelry or ornamentation pierced through their tongue, lips, cheek, or other soft tissues in the oral cavity, they will be required to remove this prior to conducting the breath test. If the subject declines, they will be deemed to have a physical limitation rendering them incapable of providing a valid breath sample and will be required to provide a blood sample under the implied consent statute, RCW 46.20.308.
The temperature of the solution in the simulator prior to the start of the test must be thirty-four degrees centigrade plus or minus 0.2 degrees centigrade. During the test the person will be required to provide at least two valid breath samples. A refusal to provide a valid breath sample at any point during the test will constitute a refusal. The results of the test will be provided in the form of a printout on a breath test document. These results will indicate the grams of alcohol per two hundred ten liters of breath.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 91-21-040, § 448-13-040, filed 10/11/91, effective 11/11/91; 91-06-022, § 448-13-040, filed 2/26/91, effective 3/29/91.]
The test of a person's breath for alcohol concentration using the DataMaster shall consist of the person insufflating end-expiratory air samples at least twice into the instrument, sufficient to allow two separate measurements. There will be sufficient time between the provision of each sample to permit the instrument to measure each sample individually. Two valid breath samples, provided consecutively, will constitute one test.
The DataMaster will perform this test according to the following protocol when being employed to measure an individual's breath alcohol concentration. Any test not performed according to the following protocol is not a valid test. Successful compliance with each step of this protocol is determined from an inspection of the breath test document. These steps are necessary to ensure accuracy, precision, and confidence in each test.
Step 1.Data entry.
Step 2.Blank test with a result of .000.
Step 3.Internal standard verified.
Step 4.First breath sample provided by subject.
Step 5.Blank test with a result of .000.
Step 6.External standard simulator solution test. The result of this test must be between
.090)) .072 and (( .110)) .088 inclusive.
Step 7.Blank test with a result of .000.
Step 8.Second breath sample provided by subject.
Step 9.Blank test with a result of .000.
Step 10.Printout of results on a breath test document.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 95-20-025, § 448-13-050, filed 9/27/95, effective 10/28/95; 91-06-022, § 448-13-050, filed 2/26/91, effective 3/29/91.]
Once it is determined that a breath test has met all the above criteria and is valid,)) The
(( person's)) subject's presumed breath alcohol content for the purposes of (( the interpretation of
civil and criminal statutes)) sentencing shall be determined by taking the lower of the two
subject sample breath test results, and truncating this to two decimal places. (E.g., if a person's
two breath test results were 0.106 and 0.121, the person's presumed breath alcohol content would
be 0.10 g/210L.)
The trier of fact must however inspect and consider the results of the tests of both breath samples as they appear on the breath test document, to ensure that the requirements of WAC 448-13-060 are met.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 95-20-025, § 448-13-065, filed 9/27/95, effective 10/28/95.]
In order to validate and
certify the proper working order of the DataMaster at the time of a person's breath test, the vapor
from a certified external standard simulator solution will be tested, separated by blank tests,
between the two valid breath samples provided by the subject per WAC 448-13-050. This test
of the vapor from the certified external standard simulator solution concentration, by the infrared
technique employed by the DataMaster, will confirm the certification of the person's test results
as they appear on the breath test document, provided that the results of such analysis also meet
the criteria of WAC 448-13-060. ((
At such time as the concentration of the vapor from the
external standard simulator solution measured by the DataMaster approaches the lower
acceptable limit of .090, the solution will be discarded and replaced with a new solution which
meets the criteria of WAC 448-13-080. In any event,)) The solution will be replaced no more
than sixty days from the date of its installation. As there is no meaningful way to interpret data
resulting from reanalysis of the simulator solution following its removal after use on a
DataMaster instrument, collection and reanalysis of such solutions is neither recommended nor
approved by the state toxicologist. The internal standard test conducted with every breath test
provides a check that the instrument has remained in calibration while in use in the field.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 95-20-025, § 448-13-070, filed 9/27/95, effective 10/28/95; 91-06-022, § 448-13-070, filed 2/26/91, effective 3/29/91.]
The external standard simulator solutions shall be prepared by the forensic toxicology
staff or by persons certified as technicians in the state toxicology laboratory, using standard
laboratory procedures, in such a manner that when heated to 34°C ± 0.2°C it will produce a
vapor with an ethanol concentration of between ((
.090)) .072 and (( .110)) .088 inclusive, at the
time of the test. The principle used for the preparation of the simulator solutions is that a
(( 0.123)) 0.0984g/100mL solution will give a vapor ethanol concentration at 34°C of (( 0.100))
0.080g/210L. The protocol which shall be followed for the preparation and certification of the
external standard simulator solution will be that protocol currently approved and authorized by
the state toxicologist according to WAC 448-13-130 and conforming to WAC 448-14-010. Details of the currently approved and authorized protocols are available upon request from the
office of the state toxicologist. Sworn statements regarding the preparation, testing, and
certification of the simulator solution are available under the provisions of CrRLJ 6.13. The
simulator solution shall have an expiration date of one calendar year following the date of its
preparation. Alternatively, simulator solutions may be purchased from a vendor approved by the
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 95-20-025, § 448-13-080, filed 9/27/95, effective 10/28/95; 91-21-040, § 448-13-080, filed 10/11/91, effective 11/11/91; 91-06-022, § 448-13-080, filed 2/26/91, effective 3/29/91.]
The state toxicologist shall certify persons found by him to be competent and qualified, as "instructors." Instructors are authorized to administer breath tests for alcohol concentration using the DataMaster and are further authorized to train and certify as operators, according to outlines approved by the state toxicologist, those persons the instructor finds qualified to administer the breath test utilizing the DataMaster breath test instrument. Instructors who are also certified as PBT technicians may instruct other individuals as PBT technicians according to the approved outlines. Details of persons certified as instructors shall be maintained by the state toxicologist and available upon request.
If an instructor fails or refuses to demonstrate to the state toxicologist or to his representative, that they have the ability to adequately perform their responsibilities as an instructor, then the state toxicologist will suspend their permit.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 95-20-025, § 448-13-140, filed 9/27/95, effective 10/28/95; 91-06-022, § 448-13-140, filed 2/26/91, effective 3/29/91.]
The state toxicologist shall certify as "technicians" such persons found by him to be competent and qualified to maintain the proper working order of the DataMaster infrared breath testing instrument, through adjustment, repair, and regular service. Further, technicians are authorized by the state toxicologist to prepare simulator external standard solutions and to perform the procedures approved for periodic quality assurance of the DataMaster instruments as required pursuant to WAC 448-13-110. Details of persons so certified shall be maintained by the state toxicologist and available upon request.
Technicians are authorized to perform maintenance, calibration and instruction in the use of the portable breath test devices.
Technicians are also authorized to instruct persons otherwise qualified as "instructors," "operators," and "solution changers" according to training outlines approved by the state toxicologist. Certified technicians are themselves authorized to perform the duties of "instructors," "operators," and "solution changers."
Electronics technicians who repair component parts of the DataMaster, and who are not certified as technicians under this section, are not authorized to conduct quality assurance, conduct training, or perform duties in the above categories.
If a technician fails or refuses to demonstrate to the state toxicologist or his representative, that he or she has the ability to adequately perform his or her responsibilities as a technician, then the state toxicologist will suspend their permit.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 95-20-025, § 448-13-170, filed 9/27/95, effective 10/28/95; 91-21-040, § 448-13-170, filed 10/11/91, effective 11/11/91; 91-06-022, § 448-13-170, filed 2/26/91, effective 3/29/91.]
The state toxicologist shall authorize the issuance to persons deemed qualified as "instructors," "operators," "solution changers" or "technicians," a wallet-sized card bearing his or her name and designation. Permit cards shall bear the signature or facsimile signature of the state toxicologist. Such permit cards shall expire three years after the date on the card, unless renewed for a like three-year period. Operators whose authorization expires may take recertification training within ninety days following expiration of their prior certification, but are not certified to perform any evidential breath tests during that period. Once ninety days have elapsed after the expiration of authorization, the operator must repeat the basic certification training.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 91-06-022, § 448-13-180, filed 2/26/91, effective 3/29/91.]
Information regarding instrument records, or the certification of operators, instructors, solution changers, and technicians should be obtained from the Washington State Patrol, Breath Test Section, 811 E. Roanoke, Seattle, WA 98102.
Persons seeking information regarding ((
currently approved protocols and procedures, or
information regarding those persons currently authorized as operators, instructors, solution
changers, or technicians for the DataMaster,)) other aspects of the breath alcohol testing program
shall direct their request initially to the State Toxicologist, State Toxicology Laboratory,
University of Washington, Department of Laboratory Medicine, 2203 Airport Way S., Seattle,
[Statutory Authority: RCW 46.61.506. 95-20-025, § 448-13-210, filed 9/27/95, effective 10/28/95; 91-06-022, § 448-13-210, filed 2/26/91, effective 3/29/91.]