House of Representatives
Office of Program Research
Higher Education Committee
This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.
Brief Description: Authorizing recognition of institutions of postsecondary study in order to retain federal financial aid eligibility.
Sponsors: Representatives Reykdal, Haler and Van De Wege.
Hearing Date: 2/13/13
Staff: Madeleine Thompson (786-7304).
Eligibility for Federal Financial Aid.
Under Title IV Federal Student Aid of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (reauthorized in 2008) students in higher education may apply for federal financial aid, primarily Pell grants and Stafford Loans. In order to participate in Title IV Federal Student Aid, postsecondary institutions are required to meet state oversight and approval requirements, and report cohort loan default rates, among other requirements. In 2011, the U.S. Department of Education issued new minimum requirements for public and for-profit postsecondary institutions to be considered legally authorized by a state. Those requirements are due to be enforced by July 1, 2013.
The Department of Licensing (DOL) regulates the practices of cosmetology, barbering, manicuring, and esthetics. The Department also licenses the type of business within which the practice occurs including salon/shops, booth-renters, and all schools that conduct training. Individuals training for a license in cosmetology, barbering, esthetics, or manicuring may attend a school licensed by the Department of Licensing, or receive training via an apprenticeship program approved by the Washington State Apprenticeship and Training Council. The curriculum for a school must include at least the following hours:
1,600 hours for a cosmetologist;
1,000 hours for a barber;
600 hours for a manicurist;
600 hours for an esthetician; and
500 hours for an instructor-training.
The curriculum for an apprenticeship program must include at least the following hours:
2,000 hours for a cosmetologist;
1,200 hours for a barber;
800 hours for a manicurist; and
800 hours for an esthetician.
Summary of Bill:
The legislature recognizes that federal financial aid is a major avenue for overcoming financial barriers to higher education for many students and that statutes must be adjusted to ensure certain schools are defined as institutions of postsecondary study for the purposes of maintaining eligibility for financial aid. Cosmetology schools must be recognized as institutions of postsecondary education if they meet certain conditions as follows:
(a) The school only admits students who have earned a recognized high school diploma or the equivalent of a recognized high school diploma, or who are beyond the age of compulsory education in Washington; and
(b) The school is licensed by name by the Department Licensing to offer one or more training
programs beyond the secondary level.
Fiscal Note: Available.
Effective Date: The bill takes effect 90 days after adjournment of the session in which the bill is passed.