(1) Standards for polygraph and other truth verification assessments.
(a) Equipment used to conduct truth verification assessments as a part of the preemployment testing for certification of a peace officer or reserve law enforcement officer must meet a standard that has been proved to be valid and reliable by independent research studies other than those done by the manufacturer.
(b) The examiners, analysts, and their techniques for conducting a truth verification assessment must comply with all applicable federal and state laws including, but not limited to, the Employee Polygraph Protection Act, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Americans with Disabilities Act, and Washington state law against discrimination.
(c) Truth verification assessments under this chapter are intended as one of the tools for incremental validity to risk assessment and risk management efforts surrounding the evaluation and selection of peace officer and reserve officer applicants.
(d) Preemployment tests and assessments are considered screening devices and are conducted in the absence of a known incident, allegation, or particular reason to suspect someone's involvement. The truth verification assessment questions should be simple, direct, and easily understood by the applicant. Test information and results should be considered confidential within the screening process to be used exclusively by the county, city, or state law enforcement agency to assist with the selection of their applicant.
(2) Polygraph examination.
(a) An experienced polygraph examiner who is a graduate of a polygraph school accredited by the American Polygraph Association (APA) shall conduct the polygraph test. The examiner must also show that he or she is in compliance with completion of a minimum of thirty hours of APA-approved continuing education every two calendar years.
(b) Polygraph tests administered under this chapter shall be based on data from existing research pertaining to screening and diagnostic polygraph testing, risk assessment, risk management, and field investigation principles.
(c) The polygraph examiner shall assure that the polygraph equipment is properly functioning, maintained, and calibrated in compliance with the manufacturer's recommendation.
(i) The polygraph examiner shall record a chart semiannually to demonstrate correct functioning and shall be maintained by the examiner for a period of one year.
(ii) At a minimum, a polygraph instrument shall continuously record the following components during the testing process:
(A) Two pneumograph components to document thoracic and abdominal movement patterns associated with respiration;
(B) A component to record electro dermal activity reflecting relative changes in the conductance or resistance of current by epidermal tissues;
(C) A cardiograph component to report pulse rate, pulse amplitude, and relative blood pressure changes; and
(D) A motion sensor.
(d) The county, city, or state law enforcement agency which authorized the polygraph test shall maintain all documentation of the test for a minimum of three years from the date of the test unless otherwise required by law.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.101.080
. WSR 13-02-060, § 139-07-040, filed 12/27/12, effective 1/27/13; WSR 10-07-037, § 139-07-040, filed 3/10/10, effective 4/10/10.]