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WAC 388-71-0714

Agency filings affecting this section

Adult day health—Rehabilitative therapy.

(1) Skilled rehabilitative therapy services are medically necessary services provided by or under the supervision of a licensed physical, occupational, or speech-language pathology or audiology therapist that the therapist acting within the scope of practice can provide or supervise directly or indirectly. Physician orders must be obtained when required by applicable state practice laws for licensed therapists.
(a) Persons that can provide rehabilitative care under the direction and supervision of a licensed therapist include occupational therapy aides, occupational therapy assistants, physical therapy aides, physical therapy assistants, and nurses within their respective scopes of practice. Adult day health program aides, specifically trained in rehabilitative techniques, may also provide care under the direction and supervision of a licensed therapist.
(b) Services, group or individual, must be related to an active written plan of care with time limited measurable treatment goals approved by the physician;
(c) Services, group or individual, must require the assessment, knowledge and skills of a licensed therapist; and
(d) Services, group or individual, must be provided with the reasonable expectation that the services will improve, restore, or maintain function, or slow decline. Rehabilitative services are:
(i) Specific to a client diagnosis;
(ii) Individualized to the client with planned, measurable outcomes; and
(iii) Evaluated every ninety days for effect on improvement of health status or prevention of decline.
(2) Skilled rehabilitative therapy is not a qualifying adult day health service merely because the therapy is ordered by a physician or is provided by a therapist or under the supervision of a therapist. If, by way of example, the therapy can be performed independently by the client or at the client's direction by a person other than a licensed therapist, or the client does not meet eligibility criteria, it is not a qualifying adult day health service.
Skilled rehabilitative therapy services must be medically necessary as defined under WAC 388-500-0005.
(3) Medically necessary physical therapy services may, but do not necessarily include:
(a) Assessing baseline mobility level, strength, range of motion, endurance, balance, and ability to transfer;
(b) One to one and group treatment to relieve pain or develop, restore, or maintain functioning, with individualized and measurable client treatment goals;
(c) Establishing a maintenance or restorative program with measurable treatment goals, and providing written and oral instruction to the client, caregivers, or program staff as needed to assist the client in implementing the program;
(d) Training the client or the client's caregivers in the use of supportive, adaptive equipment or assistive devices;
(e) Evaluation and management of the care plan when medical conditions or complications require complex nonskilled care and skilled therapist oversight to ensure that the nonskilled care is achieving its purpose; or
(f) Providing other medically necessary services that can only be provided by or under the direct or indirect supervision of a physical therapist acting within the therapist's scope of practice.
(4) Medically necessary occupational therapy services may, but do not necessarily include:
(a) Administering a basic evaluation to determine baseline level of functioning, ability to transfer, range of motion, balance, strength, coordination, activities of daily living and cognitive-perceptual functioning;
(b) Teaching and training the client, caregivers, or program staff in the use of therapeutic, creative, and self care activities to improve or maintain the client's capacity for self-care and independence, and to increase the range of motion, strength and coordination;
(c) One to one and group treatment to develop, restore, or maintain functioning with individualized and measurable client treatment goals;
(d) Training the client or the client's caregivers in the use of supportive, adaptive equipment or assistive devices;
(e) Evaluation and management of the care plan when medical conditions or complications require complex nonskilled care and skilled therapist oversight to ensure that the nonskilled care is achieving its purpose; or
(f) Providing other medically necessary services that can only be provided by or under the direct or indirect supervision of an occupational therapist acting within the therapist's scope of practice.
(5) Medically necessary speech-language pathology or audiology services may, but do not necessarily include;
(a) Assessing baseline level of speech, swallowing, auditory, or communication disorders;
(b) Establishing a treatment program to improve speech, swallowing, auditory, or communication disorders;
(c) Providing speech therapy procedures that include auditory comprehension tasks, visual and/or reading comprehensive tasks, language intelligibility tasks, training involving the use of alternative communication devices, or swallowing treatment;
(d) Training the client or the client's caregivers in methods to assist the client in improving speech, communication, or swallowing disorders;
(e) Evaluation and management of the care plan when medical conditions or complications require complex nonskilled care and skilled therapist oversight to ensure that nonskilled care is achieving its purpose; or
(f) Providing other medically necessary services that can only be provided by or under the direct or indirect supervision of a speech-language pathology or audiology therapist acting with the therapist's scope of practice.
(6) Medically necessary skilled rehabilitative therapy services, by way of example, do not include:
(a) Reminding or coaching the client in tasks that are not essential to the skilled therapy or intervention in the client's service plan;
(b) Monitoring of a medical condition that does not require frequent skilled therapist intervention or a change in physician treatment orders, or where there is no reasonable expectation that skilled services will maintain, improve, or slow the effect of a progressive disabling condition on the pain, health or functioning of a client;
(c) Massage therapy;
(d) Evaluation and management of the care plan when the complexity of the care to be provided by nonskilled persons does not require the skills of a licensed therapist for oversight;
(e) Continued training by therapy staff to teach self-care for newly diagnosed, acute, or episodic medical conditions when it is apparent that the training should have achieved its purpose or that the client is unwilling or unable to be trained;
(f) Core services that can be provided by an adult day care center, such as routine health monitoring, general health education, or general therapeutic activities; or
(g) Group therapy or training where the ratio of licensed therapists and assisting program staff to clients is inadequate to ensure that:
(i) The group activity contributes to the individual client's planned therapy goals; and
(ii) The complexity of the individual client's need can be met.
(7) Skilled therapy services must be documented as provided under WAC 388-71-0746 and chapter 388-502 WAC.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.04.050, 74.04.057, 74.04.200, 74.08.090, 74.09.520, and 74.39A.030. WSR 03-06-024, § 388-71-0714, filed 2/24/03, effective 7/1/03.]