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Chapter 296-36 WAC

Last Update: 2/4/13

SAFETY STANDARDS—COMPRESSED AIR WORK

WAC Sections

Definitions.
Responsibility.
General operating requirements—General duty to provide safety.
General operating requirements—Safety miner.
General operating requirements—Maintenance.
General operating requirements—Daily inspection.
General operating requirements—Maximum permissible pressure.
General operating requirements—Temperature in working chamber.
General operating requirements—Bracing of working chamber, shafts and passageways.
General operating requirements—Communication.
General operating requirements—Liquor.
General operating requirements—Identification badge.
General operating requirements—Notification of civil authorities, hospitals, etc.
General operating requirements—Instructions to be posted.
Compression and decompression of workmen—General.
Compression and decompression of workmen—Compression.
Compression and decompression of workmen—Decompression—General.
Compression and decompression of workmen—Method and procedure.
Compression and decompression of workmen—Decompression tables.
Man locks.
Special decompression chamber.
Lock attendants.
Regulation of pressure and air quality in working areas—Gage tender.
Regulation of pressure and air quality in working areas—Pressure monitoring.
Regulation of pressure and air quality in working areas—Air quality in working areas.
Air supply.
Compressor plant.
Personnel facilities.
Sanitation below ground.
Stairs and ladders.
Lighting and power equipment.
Signals and means of communication.
Explosives—Blasting.
Fire prevention and firefighting.
Special provisions for tunnels.
Special provisions for caissons.
Medical supervision and medical and first-aid facilities—Medical supervision.
Medical supervision and medical and first-aid facilities—Medical locks.
Medical supervision and medical and first-aid facilities—Decompression illness—Symptoms and treatment.
Medical supervision and medical and first-aid facilities—Decompression illness to be reported.
Routine examination of employees—Preemployment examinations and reports.
Routine examination of employees—Beginners.
Routine examination of employees—Periodic examination.
Routine examination of employees—Resumption of work.
Routine examination of employees—Physical fitness requirements.
Severability.


296-36-010
Definitions.

As used herein, the following terms mean:
(1) Approved. In compliance with a subsisting resolution of approval adopted by the department of labor and industries, division of safety.
(2) Adequate. The term when applied to materials, devices, structures, methods and procedures is synonymous with effective, equal, equivalent, firm, necessary, proper, safe, secure, substantial, sufficient, suitable and shall denote such kind and quality as a reasonable and prudent man experienced in compressed air work would require in order to provide safe working conditions for himself in the performance of the work.
(3) Bulkhead. An upright partition in tunnels separating compartments; a structure or partition capable of resisting pressure and separating a high pressure compartment from a low pressure compartment.
(4) Caisson. A structure in or by means of which excavation in a predominantly vertical direction is carried is carried on by persons working in a compressed air environment.
(5) Compressed air worker. A person performing any work or duty in compressed air. This term does not include divers.
(6) Designated person. A person selected and directed by an employer to perform a specified task or duty.
(7) Director. The director of the department of labor and industries, state of Washington.
(8) Effective, equal, equivalent. See (2), "adequate."
(9) Firm. See (2), "adequate."
(10) Job. The site, buildings, equipment and operations proximately associated with the work in compressed air.
(11) Lock. A chamber designed to facilitate the passage of men, materials and equipment from one ambient air pressure to another ambient air pressure.
(a) Emergency lock. A lock chamber designed to hold and to permit the quick passage of an entire shift of compressed air workers.
(b) Man lock. A lock chamber through which only men pass.
(c) Materials lock. A lock chamber designed and used normally for the passage of materials and equipment.
(d) Medical lock. A special lock chamber in which men suffering from decompression illness are placed for medical attention and treatment. Also used as a facility for preemployment physical examinations.
(12) Necessary. See (2), "adequate."
(13) Owner. The person, real or corporate, for whom the construction is being done.
(14) Pressure.
(a) Absolute. Gage pressure plus one atmosphere; viz, at sea level with a gage pressure of 30 pounds per square inch, the absolute pressure is 30 + 14.7 = 44.7 pounds per square inch.
(b) Ambient. That which encompasses on all sides, surrounds. Usually taken as the gage pressure.
(c) Atmospheric. A pressure of one atmosphere at sea level; the pressure of air at sea level, used as a unit of measurement, equivalent to 14.7 pounds per square inch. One atmosphere of pressure is also zero pounds per square inch gage pressure.
(d) Gage. That pressure measured by gage and indicating the pressure in pounds per square inch exceeding one atmosphere.
(e) Normal. Atmospheric pressure of 14.7 pounds per square inch at sea level or zero gage pressure.
(f) Total. Total pressure is a pressure of one atmosphere plus gage pressure. See (14)(a), "absolute."
(15) Safe, secure. See (2), "adequate."
(16) Shaft. An excavation made from the surface of the ground the longer of axis of which forms an angle with the horizontal greater than twenty degrees.
(17) Shafting. An air and watertight enclosure built in the roof of a caisson and extended upward until above the ground or water level.
(18) Shall. The word "shall" is always mandatory.
(19) Substantial, sufficient, suitable. See (2), "adequate."
(20) Supervisor. The supervisor of safety, department of labor and industries, state of Washington.
(21) Tunnel. The underground excavation for a passageway including all shafts and other openings leading to or from such excavation, and all places, buildings and equipment used in connection therewith. Tunnels which are administered as distinct units constitute separate jobs.
(22) Working chamber. The space or compartment in which the excavating is being done in compressed air.
[Rule I, filed 12/28/62; Part One (Definitions), filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-020
Responsibility.

(1) The owner's responsibility. There shall be on every job involving work in compressed air an owner's representative who shall be experienced in compressed air work and who shall represent the owner in all matters of joint responsibility under the Washington labor laws and the standards of safety for the work. The owner shall advise the director of the department of labor and industries in writing of the name and address of each such representative within 24 hours after starting work on the job.
(2) The superintendent. There shall be on every job, while work in compressed air is in progress, a superintendent experienced in compressed air work representing the employer of compressed air workers and who shall be in full charge of the job. The employer shall advise the director of the department of labor and industries in writing of the name and address of each such superintendent within 24 hours after starting work on the job.
(3) Employees' responsibilities. Every employee shall be responsible for carrying out all rules which immediately concern or affect his conduct and he shall use the safety devices and means furnished for his protection.
[Rules (Part II A, B, and C), filed 12/28/62; § 22, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-030
General operating requirements—General duty to provide safety.

Every reasonable precaution shall be taken to insure the safety of the workmen whether provided herein or not.
[Rules (Part III A), filed 12/28/62.]



296-36-035
General operating requirements—Safety miner.

(1) A safety miner shall be selected by the crew on each shift. He shall have at least five years' experience as a practical miner and shall be the holder of an unexpired first-aid certificate from the Red Cross, U.S. Bureau of Mines, or the department of labor and industries. His duties shall be to check conditions to eliminate common work hazards such as loose rock, faulty timbers, poor rails, insufficient lighting, defective ladders and scaffolds, fan pipes, firing lines and other equipment directly related to the work of a miner. If such defects are found he shall immediately report the same to the superintendent.
(2) It shall be the duty of the superintendent, upon ascertaining such defects or hazards, to take immediate steps to remedy the same in compliance with the rules hereinafter set forth. A record of inspections made on each operation shall be kept on file and a copy thereof shall be submitted to the safety division of the department of labor and industries.
(3) In the event that disagreement arises out of the interpretation of these rules, then the question shall be referred to the division of safety of the department of labor and industries for its decision in accordance with the laws of the state, the safety standards, or rules and regulations issued hereunder, and a decision thus rendered shall be binding.
[Rules (Part III B), filed 12/28/62; § 15, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-040
General operating requirements—Maintenance.

All machinery, equipment, appliances, materials, structures and places on the job shall at all times be maintained in a safe condition and in good repair. Every person observing any defects shall immediately advise his immediate or higher superior.
[Rules (Part III C), filed 12/28/62; Rule 2203, § 22, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-045
General operating requirements—Daily inspection.

While work in compressed air is in progress, a competent person designated by the superintendent shall make a regular inspection at least once every day of all machinery, equipment, appliances, structures and places. Immediately upon discovery of any defect, he shall report the same in writing on forms provided by the state department of labor and industries to the person present in charge of the job. A copy of the report shall be sent immediately to the safety division of the department of labor and industries.
[Rules (Part III D), filed 12/28/62.]



296-36-050
General operating requirements—Maximum permissible pressure.

No person shall be subjected to pressure exceeding 50 pounds per square inch gage except in case of emergency.
[Rules (Part III E), filed 12/28/62; § 1, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-055
General operating requirements—Temperature in working chamber.

Every effort shall be made by the best available means to prevent the wet bulb temperature exceeding 80 degrees F. A wet bulb thermometer, in good working order, shall be provided in every working chamber.
[Rules (Part III F), filed 12/28/62; § 20, Rule 2006, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-060
General operating requirements—Bracing of working chamber, shafts and passageways.

The working chamber, shafts and passageways of tunnels and caissons shall be provided with bracing as may be necessary to safely resist any superimposed loads or any forces which may cause excessive deformation of the walls.
[Rules (Part III G), filed 12/28/62; § 19, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-065
General operating requirements—Communication.

A telephone intercommunication system ready for use at all times shall be maintained between the working chamber, the power house, the source of compressed air, the place of compressed air control, the first-aid room and the superintendent's office.
Exception:
Where the working chamber of a caisson is less than 150 square feet in area, such system shall be maintained between the working chamber, outside the lock and the place of compressed air control or the superintendent's office.
[Rules (Part III H), filed 12/28/62; § 8, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-070
General operating requirements—Liquor.

No person under the influence of intoxicating liquor shall be permitted to enter upon the job; nor shall any person carry any liquor on the job.
[Rules (Part III I), filed 12/28/62; § 24, Rule 2402, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-075
General operating requirements—Identification badge.

Every compressed air worker employed in the work shall wear an identification badge furnished by the employer both on and off the job. The badge shall be of durable plastic designed to be worn next to the body. The badge shall state that the wearer is employed as a compressed air worker, shall bear the address and telephone number of the medical lock, and shall contain instructions that in case of an emergency of unknown or doubtful cause or illness, the wearer shall be rushed to the medical facilities and not to a hospital.
[Rules (Part III J), filed 12/28/62; § 24, Rule 2412, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-080
General operating requirements—Notification of civil authorities, hospitals, etc.

When workmen are employed in compressed air, the owner shall see that all general hospitals, city and county health departments, local medical societies, police and fire rescue, and the county sheriff in the locality are acquainted with the fact that such work is being undertaken. These authorities and organizations shall be furnished with the names, addresses and telephone numbers of the designated medical officers as well as the location and telephone number of the medical lock. The same civil authorities shall be further notified when compressed air operations on the site are completed.
[Rules (Part III K), filed 12/28/62.]



296-36-085
General operating requirements—Instructions to be posted.

The following instructions as well as supplemental instructions deemed advisable by the medical officer for the guidance of compressed air workers shall be printed and conspicuously posted in the change house and in the man locks:
(1) Never go on shift with an empty stomach.
(2) Avoid all alcoholic liquors.
(3) Eat moderately.
(4) Sleep at least seven hours daily.
(5) Take extra outer clothing into the tunnel when going on shift and wear it during decompression to avoid chilling during that period.
(6) Take a warm bath after each shift.
(7) Do not give men, suffering from compressed air illness, any intoxicating liquor.
(8) After you have had a cold, or if your ears are uncomfortable, or if you do not feel well for any reason, report at once to the medical lock for a checkup.
(9) If you are taken sick away from the plant, communicate at once with the physician-in-charge, Dr. . . . . . . . ., telephone . . . . . .
(10) Wear your identification badge so it will be known what to do with you in an emergency.
(11) See that you are reexamined as required by the rules.
(12) Proper decompression means safety and freedom from compressed air illness.
(13) No person shall smoke or carry lighted smoking materials in compressed air. No matches, mechanical or chemical igniters will be permitted in the working chamber except those necessary for welding or flame cutting operations.
It shall be the duty and responsibility of each employee to observe and abide by the posted instructions and regulations.
[Rules (Part III L), filed 12/28/62; Rule 2204, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-100
Compression and decompression of workmen—General.

Subject to subsections 1-5 below, compression and decompression of workmen shall be carried out in accordance with the rules hereinafter prescribed:
(1) Compression or decompression may be carried out in accordance with such alternative regulations as are approved by the state department of labor and industries in writing.
(2) Except in an emergency, no workman shall be compressed to a pressure exceeding 50 pounds per square inch gage unless regulations for the decompression of such workman have been approved under the foregoing paragraph of this rule.
(3) The monograph "Decompression sickness and its prevention among compressed air workers" prepared by Gerald J. Duffner, M.D. (Captain, Medical Corps, U.S. Navy) and dated 6 November 1962, establishes the criteria for and shall be the guide in the determination of decompression methods and procedures and the preparation of decompression tables. Copies of the monograph are available from the supervisor of safety, department of labor and industries, state of Washington.
(4) A special low-pressure decompression chamber of sufficient size to accommodate the entire force of workmen being decompressed at the end of a shift shall be provided under the following circumstances:
(5) When a workman has, within the immediately preceding period of 8 hours, been exposed to a pressure greater than 13 pounds per square inch gage and has to be compressed in a man lock other than the lock in which he was last decompressed, he shall, before compression, produce to the lock attendant written particulars signed by the lock attendant of the lock where he was last decompressed indicating his last working period. For the purposes of these regulations, the term "working period" shall mean the period or the sum of the periods during which, since last subject to ordinary atmospheric pressure for at least 8 consecutive hours, a workman has been under pressure in a working chamber or chambers; the written particulars shall be specific in stating the length of time the workman was exposed to compressed air, the gage pressure to which he was subjected, the schedule of decompression used, the total length of time devoted to decompression procedures and the hour at which decompression was completed. As soon as practicable, all data shall be entered in the prescribed register or log at the lock where he is compressed and the data shall, as soon as practicable, be communicated to the attendant at any other lock from which the workman is liable to return to the open air.
[Rules (Part IV A), filed 12/28/62; § 2, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-105
Compression and decompression of workmen—Compression.

During the compression of workmen, the pressure shall not, in the first minute after starting compression, be increased to more than 3 pounds per square inch gage. When the pressure of 3 pounds per square inch gage is reached, the pressure shall not be further increased until after the lapse of a period sufficiently long to enable the lock attendant to ascertain whether any workman in the man lock complains of discomfort. After the lapse of that period, the pressure shall not be increased at a rate faster than 10 pounds per square inch gage per minute and a pause similar to that provided at 3 pounds per square inch gage shall also be provided at a pressure not exceeding 7 pounds per square inch gage. In all instances the pressure shall be increased gradually so as to insure, as far as practicable, that no workman suffers discomfort. If a workman complains of discomfort, and such complaint is signified to the lock attendant, any compression then proceeding shall be immediately stopped, and, unless the workman who has complained of the discomfort reports within 5 minutes that the discomfort has ceased and such report is conveyed to the lock attendant, the lock attendant shall without further delay gradually reduce the pressure in the lock until the workman reports that the discomfort has ceased; but, if he does not so report, the pressure shall be reduced gradually to atmospheric pressure and the workman released from the lock.
[Rules (Part IV B), filed 12/28/62.]



296-36-110
Compression and decompression of workmen—Decompression—General.

(1) Working period. The "working period" shall include the time or period or the sum of periods during which, since last subject to ordinary atmospheric pressure for at least 8 consecutive hours, a workman has been under pressure in a working chamber or chambers.
(2) Work pressure. The "work pressure" means the highest pressure to which the workman has been exposed in the course of his working period: Provided, That,
(a) Sudden and exceptional variations of pressure involving excess pressure for not more than 15 minutes may be disregarded;
(b) Where, during the whole of his working period a workman about to be decompressed has been in a working chamber in which (as in tidal waters) the pressure has been gradually varied by more than 5 pounds per square inch in the course of that period, the work pressures shall be the mean of the pressures half way through that period and at the end of it.
(3) Decompression required. No person employed in compressed air shall be permitted to pass from the place in which the work is being done to atmospheric pressure, except after decompression in accordance with the procedures hereinafter established.
[Rules (Part IV C), filed 12/28/62; §§ 1 and 2, filed 3/23/60.]



296-36-115
Compression and decompression of workmen—Method and procedure.

Decompressions shall be accomplished in accordance with the following methods and procedures:
(1) Normal condition. A normal condition is one during which exposure to compressed air is limited to a single continuous "working period" followed by a single decompression in any given 24 hour period; the total time of exposure to compressed air during the single continuous "working period" is not interrupted by exposure to normal atmospheric pressure; and a second exposure to compressed air does not occur until at least 8 consecutive hours of exposure to normal atmospheric pressure has elapsed since the workman has been under pressure in a working chamber. Decompression for normal condition shall be in accordance with the decompression tables.
[Rules (Part IV D), filed 12/28/62.]



296-36-120
Compression and decompression of workmen—Decompression tables.

(1) Explanation.
(a) The decompression tables are computed for working chamber pressures from 14 to 50 pounds per square inch gage inclusive by 2 pound increments and for exposure times for each pressure extending from 1/2 to over 8 hours inclusive. Decompressions will be conducted by two or more stages with a maximum of 4 stages, the latter for a working chamber pressure of 40 pounds per square inch gage or over.
(b) Stage 1, consists of a reduction in ambient pressure ranging from 10 to a maximum of 16 pounds per square inch but in no instance will the pressure be reduced below 4 pounds at the end of stage 1. This reduction in pressure in stage 1 will always take place at a rate of 5 pounds per minute.
(c) Further reduction in pressure will take place during stage 2 and subsequent stages as required at a slower rate but in no event at a rate greater than one pound per minute.
(d) Decompression table No. 1 indicates in the body of the table the total decompression time in minutes for various combinations of working chamber pressure and exposure time.
(e) Decompression table No. 2 in several sheets indicates for the same various combinations of working chamber pressure and exposure time the following:
(i) The number of stages required;
(ii) The reduction in pressure and the terminal pressure for each required stage;
(iii) The time in minutes through which the reduction in pressure is accomplished for each required stage;
(iv) The pressure reduction rate in minutes per pound for each required stage;
Important note: The pressure reduction in each stage is accomplished at a uniform rate. Do not interpolate between values shown on the tables. Use the next higher value of working chamber pressure or exposure time should the actual working chamber pressure or the actual exposure time, respectively, fall between those for which calculated values are shown in the body of the tables.
(2) Examples.
(a) Example No. 1. 4 hour working period at 20 pounds gage.
 
 
Decompression table No. 1.
 
 
20 pounds for 4 hours,
Total decompression time
 
43 minutes
 
 
Decompression table No. 2.
 
 
 
 
Stage 1
 
 
 
 
Reduce pressure from 20 pounds to 4 pounds at the uniform rate of 5 pounds per minute. Elapsed time stage 1:
 
 
 
16
=
3 minutes
5
 
 
 
Stage 2 (final stage)
 
 
 
Reduce pressure at a uniform rate from 4 pounds to zero pounds gage over a period of 40 minutes.
 
 
Rate =
0.10 pounds per minute or 10.00 minutes per pound Stage 2 (final) elapsed time
 
 
 
Total time
 
40 minutes
43 minutes
(b) Example No. 2. 5 hour working period at 24 pounds gage
 
 
Decompression table No. 1
 
 
 
24 pounds for 5 hours
Total decompression time
 
117 minutes
 
 
Decompression table No. 2
 
 
 
 
Stage 1
 
 
 
 
Reduce pressure from 24 pounds to 8 pounds at the uniform rate of 5 pounds per minute
 
 
 
 
Elapsed time stage 1,
 
 
 
16
=
3 minutes
5
 
 
 
Stage 2
 
 
 
 
Reduce pressure at a uniform rate from 8 pounds to 4 pounds over a period of 4 minutes.
Rate, 1 pound per minute
Elapsed time, stage 2
4 minutes
 
 
 
Transfer men to special decompression chamber maintaining the 4 pound pressure during the transfer operation
 
 
 
 
Stage 3 (Final stage)
 
 
 
 
In the special decompression chamber reduce the pressure at a uniform rate from 4 pounds to zero pounds gage over a period of 110 minutes.
Rate, 0.037 pounds per minute
or 27.5 minutes per pound
 
 
 
 
Stage 3 (final stage)
 
Elapsed time 110 minutes
Total time 117 minutes
(3)
DECOMPRESSION TABLE NO. 1
Work
Total Decompression Time - Minutes
Pressure
Working Period Hours
psig
1/2
1
1-1/2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Over 8
- - - - 
0-14
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
16
16
32
- - - - 
16
7
7
7
7
7
7
17
33
48
48
63
- - - - 
18
7
7
7
3
11
17
48
63
63
73
87
- - - - 
20
7
7
8
15
15
43
63
73
83
103
113
- - - - 
22
9
9
16
24
38
68
93
103
113
128
133
- - - - 
24
11
12
23
27
52
92
117
122
127
137
151
- - - - 
26
13
14
29
34
69
104
126
141
142
142
163
- - - - 
28
15
23
31
41
98
127
143
153
153
165
183
- - - - 
30
17
28
38
62
105
143
165
168
173
188
204
- - - - 
32
19
35
43
85
126
163
178
193
203
213
226
- - - - 
34
21
39
58
98
151
178
195
218
223
233
248
- - - - 
36
24
44
63
113
170
198
223
233
243
253
273
- - - - 
38
28
49
73
128
178
203
223
238
253
263
278
- - - - 
40
31
49
84
143
183
213
233
248
258
268
288
- - - - 
42
37
56
102
144
189
215
245
260
263
268
293
- - - - 
44
43
64
118
154
199
234
254
264
269
269
293
- - - - 
46
44
74
139
171
214
244
269
274
289
299
318
- - - - 
48
51
89
144
189
229
269
299
309
319
319
-
- - - - 
50
58
94
164
209
249
279
309
329
-
-
-
- - - - 
(4)
DECOMPRESSION TABLE NO. 2
 
 
Decompression Data
Working
Chamber Pressure
Working Period
 
Pressure Reduction
Psig
Time
in
Stage
Pressure Reduction
Rate
Total
Time
Decom-
press
psig
Hours
Stage
No.
From
To
Minutes
Min/
Pound
Minutes
14
1/2
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
6
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
6
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
6
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
6
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
6
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
6
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
6
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
6
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
14
 
3.50
16
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
14
 
3.50
16
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
14
 
4
 
2
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
30
 
7.50
32
 
16
1/2
1
16
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
16
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
16
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
16
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
16
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
14
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
14
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
14
 
3.50
17
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
14
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
30
 
7.50
33
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
14
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
45
 
11.25
48
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
14
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
45
 
11.25
48
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
14
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
60
 
15.00
63
 
18
1/2
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
5
 
1.25
8
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
8
 
2.00
11
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
14
 
3.50
17
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
45
 
11.25
48
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
60
 
15.00
63
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
60
 
15.00
63
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
70
 
17.50
73
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
18
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
84
 
21.00
87
 
20
1/2
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
7
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
5
 
1.25
8
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
12
 
3.00
15
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
12
 
3.00
15
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
40
 
10.00
43
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
60
 
15.00
63
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
70
 
17.50
73
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
80
 
20.00
83
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
100
 
25.00
103
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
20
 
4
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
4
 
0
 
110
 
27.50
113
 
22
1/2
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
6
 
1.00
9
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
6
 
1.00
9
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
13
 
2.20
16
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
21
 
3.50
24
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
35
 
5.85
38
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
65
 
10.83
68
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
90
 
15.00
93
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
100
 
16.67
103
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
110
 
18.35
113
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
125
 
20.80
128
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
22
 
6
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
6
 
0
 
130
 
21.70
133
 
24
1/2
1
24
 
3
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
11
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
5
 
1.25
12
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
16
 
4.00
23
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
20
 
5.00
27
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
45
 
11.25
52
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
85
 
21.25
92
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
110
 
27.50
117
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
115
 
28.80
122
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
120
 
30.00
127
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
4
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
137
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
24
 
8
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
8
 
4
 
8
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
140
 
35.00
151
 
26
1/2
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
6
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
13
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
6
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
5
 
1.25
14
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
6
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
20
 
5.00
29
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
6
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
25
 
6.25
34
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
6
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
60
 
15.00
69
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
6
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
95
 
23.75
104
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
8
 
1.33
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
115
 
28.80
126
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
8
 
1.33
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
141
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
9
 
1.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
142
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
9
 
1.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
142
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
26
 
10
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
10
 
4
 
30
 
5.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
163
 
28
1/2
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
8
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
15
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
8
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
12
 
3.00
23
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
8
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
20
 
5.00
31
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
8
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
30
 
7.50
41
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
10
 
1.25
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
85
 
21.20
98
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
14
 
1.75
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
110
 
27.50
127
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
20
 
2.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
120
 
30.00
143
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
20
 
2.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
153
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
20
 
2.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
153
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
32
 
4.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
165
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
28
 
12
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
12
 
4
 
50
 
6.25
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
183
 
30
1/2
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
10
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
17
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
10
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
15
 
3.75
28
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
10
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
25
 
6.25
38
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
14
 
1.40
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
45
 
11.25
62
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
17
 
1.70
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
85
 
21.20
105
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
30
 
3.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
110
 
27.50
143
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
35
 
3.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
165
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
35
 
3.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
168
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
45
 
4.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
178
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
55
 
5.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
188
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
30
 
14
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
14
 
4
 
71
 
7.10
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
204
 
32
1/2
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
12
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
19
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
12
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
20
 
5.00
35
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
15
 
1.25
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
25
 
6.25
43
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
22
 
1.83
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
60
 
15.00
85
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
28
 
2.33
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
95
 
23.75
126
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
40
 
3.33
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
120
 
30.00
163
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
45
 
3.75
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
178
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
60
 
5.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
193
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
70
 
5.83
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
203
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
80
 
6.67
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
213
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
32
 
16
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
16
 
4
 
93
 
7.75
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
226
 
34
1/2
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
14
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
4
 
1.00
21
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
14
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
22
 
5.50
39
 
- - - - 
 
1-1/2
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
25
 
1.80
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
30
 
7.50
58
 
- - - - 
 
2
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
35
 
2.50
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
60
 
15.00
98
 
- - - - 
 
3
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
43
 
3.10
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
105
 
26.25
151
 
- - - - 
 
4
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
55
 
3.93
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
120
 
30.00
178
 
- - - - 
 
5
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
62
 
4.43
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
195
 
- - - - 
 
6
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
85
 
6.07
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
218
 
- - - - 
 
7
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
90
 
6.43
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
223
 
- - - - 
 
8
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
100
 
7.15
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
233
 
- - - - 
 
Over 8
1
34
 
18
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
18
 
4
 
115
 
8.23
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
130
 
32.50
248
 
36
1/2
1
36
 
20
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
20
 
4
 
16
 
1.00
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
0
 
5
 
1.25
24
 
- - - - 
 
1
1
36
 
20
 
3
 
0.20
 
 
 
 
2
20