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Chapter 296-307 WAC

Last Update: 12/4/12

SAFETY STANDARDS FOR AGRICULTURE

WAC Sections

FIELD OPERATIONS AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
 
Part A
General and Educational Requirements
How is this chapter divided?
What does this chapter cover?
What definitions apply to this chapter?
What does it mean when equipment is approved by a nonstate organization?
What must an employer do if a serious injury occurs?
What are the employer's responsibilities?
What are the employee's responsibilities?
How does an employer apply for a variance?
Part B
Accident Prevention Program;
First-aid Requirements;
Safe Place Standard
What are the required elements of an accident prevention program?
How often must safety meetings be held?
What items go on the safety bulletin board?
First-aid rule summary.
Make sure that first-aid trained personnel are available to provide quick and effective first aid.
Make sure appropriate first-aid supplies are readily available.
Make sure emergency washing facilities are functional and readily accessible.
Inspect and activate your emergency washing facilities.
Make sure supplemental flushing equipment provides sufficient water.
Definitions.
What are the requirements of the safe place standard?
Part C
Hand Tools
What requirements apply to hand tools?
Part D
Ladders, Bulk Storage,
Pits, and Trenches
Ladders.
How must ladders be cared for and maintained?
How must an employer instruct employees to use ladders?
How must orchard ladders be used?
What other requirements apply to ladders?
What requirements apply to job-made ladders?
What requirements apply to working around bins, bunkers, hoppers, tanks, pits, and trenches?
Part E
Vehicles and Farm Field Equipment
How must slow-moving vehicles be marked?
Motor vehicles.
How must motor vehicles be maintained?
How must motor vehicles be operated?
Who may operate motor vehicles?
What requirements apply to motor vehicle brakes?
How must motor vehicles be loaded and unloaded?
What safety equipment must motor vehicles have?
What rules apply to vehicles used to transport employees?
What requirements apply to changing and charging storage batteries?
How must farm field equipment be guarded?
Part F
Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS) for Tractors
Rollover protective structures (ROPS) for tractors.
Which agricultural tractors are covered by this section?
What definitions apply to rollover protective structures (ROPS) for agricultural tractors?
What requirements apply to the testing and performance of ROPS used on agricultural tractors?
What requirements apply to seatbelts used with ROPS on agricultural tractors?
When are ROPS not required on agricultural tractors?
What employee training requirements apply to ROPS used on agricultural tractors?
What other requirements apply to ROPS used on agricultural tractors?
When must ROPS be provided for material handling equipment?
What requirements apply to overhead protection for operators of agricultural and industrial tractors?
Part G
Field Sanitation
Field sanitation.
What does this section cover?
What definitions apply to this section?
What orientation must employers provide for field sanitation?
What potable water sources must an employer provide?
What handwashing facilities must an employer provide?
What toilet facilities must an employer provide?
PART G-1
Outdoor heat exposure.
Scope and purpose.
Definitions.
Employer and employee responsibility.
Drinking water.
Responding to signs and symptoms of heat-related illness.
Information and training.
Part H
Personal Protective Equipment
Personal protective equipment.
Who must provide personal protective equipment?
What requirements apply to eye protection?
How must personal protective equipment be used?
What must an employer do to prevent heat-related illness?
What instruction on personal protective equipment must an employer give to employees?
Part I
Pesticides
(Worker Protection Standard)
Federal worker protection standards—Washington state department of agriculture.
Scope and purpose—Worker protection standards—40 C.F.R., § 170.1.
Definitions—Worker protection standards—40 C.F.R., § 170.3.
General duties and prohibited actions—Worker protection standards—40 C.F.R., § 170.7.
Violations of this part—Worker protection standards—40 C.F.R., § 170.9.
Standard for Workers
Applicability of this section—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.102.
Exceptions—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.103.
Exemptions—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.104.
Restrictions associated with pesticide applications—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.110.
Entry restrictions—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.112.
Notice of applications—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.120.
Providing specific information about applications—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.122.
Notice of applications to handler employers—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.124.
Pesticide safety training—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.130.
Posted pesticide safety information—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.135.
Decontamination—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.150.
Emergency assistance—Standards for workers—40 C.F.R., § 170.160.
Standard for Pesticide Handlers
Applicability of this section—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.202.
Exemptions—Standards for handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.204.
Restrictions during applications—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.210.
Providing specific information about applications—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.222.
Notice of applications to agricultural employers—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.224.
Pesticide safety training—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.230.
Knowledge of labeling and site-specific information—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.232.
Safe operation of equipment—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.234.
Posted pesticide safety information—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.235.
Personal protective equipment—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.240.
Decontamination—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.250.
Emergency assistance—Standards for pesticide handlers—40 C.F.R., § 170.260.
Part J
Pesticides Recordkeeping
Pesticides recordkeeping.
What records must an employer keep for pesticide applications?
Sample pesticide storage record.
Part J-1
Cholinesterase Monitoring
Scope and summary.
Maintain handling records for covered pesticides.
Implement a medical monitoring program.
Identify a physician or other licensed health care professional.
Make cholinesterase testing available.
Respond to depressed cholinesterase levels.
Provide medical removal protection benefits.
Maintain records.
Provide training.
Implementation plan.
Part K
Working Near Overhead Lines
Employees working near overhead lines.
What does this section cover?
What clearance and safeguards are required to protect employees working near overhead lines?
What signs must an employer post to warn employees working near overhead lines?
When must an employer notify the utility of employees working near overhead lines?
Part L
Temporary Worker Housing
Temporary worker housing.
Purpose and applicability.
Definitions.
Operating license.
Requirements for self-survey program.
Maximum housing occupancy.
Variance and procedure.
Temporary worker housing sites.
Water supply.
Sewage disposal.
Electricity and lighting.
Building requirements and maintenance.
Laundry facilities.
Handwashing and bathing facilities.
Toilet facilities.
Cooking and food-handling facilities.
Cots, beds, bedding, and personal storage.
First aid and safety.
Refuse disposal.
Insect and rodent control.
Disease prevention and control.
Part L-1
Cherry Harvest Camps
Cherry harvest camps.
Purpose and applicability.
Definitions.
Technical assistance.
Operating license.
Maximum camp occupancy.
Variance and procedure.
Cherry harvest campsites.
Water supply.
Sewage disposal.
Electricity and lighting.
Tents.
Recreational vehicles.
Laundry facilities.
Handwashing and bathing facilities.
Toilet facilities.
Cooking and food-handling facilities.
Cots, beds, bedding, and personal storage.
First aid and safety.
Refuse disposal.
Insect and rodent control.
Disease prevention and control.
INDOOR OPERATIONS
Part M
Guarding Tools and Equipment;
Farm Shops; Materials Handling
How must fan blades be guarded?
How must constant-running drives be guarded?
What training must an employer provide for employees who use agricultural equipment?
What requirements apply to machine controls?
How must steam pipes be guarded?
Guarding powered saws.
What general requirements apply to powered saws?
How must band saws be guarded?
How must radial arm saws be guarded?
How must table saws be guarded?
How must circular fuel-wood saws be guarded?
Guarding bench grinders, abrasive wheels, and portable grinders.
What definitions apply to this section?
What rules apply to guarding abrasive wheels?
What are the use, mounting, and guarding rules for abrasive wheels?
What requirements apply to flanges?
How must vertical portable grinders be guarded?
How must other portable grinders be guarded?
What rules apply to grounding and "dead man" controls for hand-held portable power tools?
Compressed air.
May compressed air be used for cleaning?
What requirements apply to compressed air tools?
Guarding portable powered tools.
What requirements apply to guarding portable powered tools?
What requirements apply to switches and controls on portable powered tools?
What requirements apply to pneumatic powered tools and hose?
Power lawnmowers.
What definitions apply to this section?
What are the general guarding requirements for power lawnmowers?
What rules apply to walk-behind and riding rotary mowers?
What rules apply to walk-behind rotary mowers?
What rules apply to riding rotary mowers?
Jacks.
What definitions apply to this section?
How shall the rated load be marked on a jack?
What rules apply to the operation and maintenance of jacks?
What are the general requirements for materials handling and storage?
What requirements apply to conveyors?
Part N
Sanitation for Indoor Workplaces
Sanitation for fixed, indoor workplaces.
Must an employer comply with state health regulations?
What does this section cover?
What definitions apply to this section?
What housekeeping requirements apply to fixed, indoor workplaces?
How must the potable water supply be maintained?
How must the nonpotable water supply be maintained?
What toilet facilities must an employer provide?
What washing facilities must an employer provide?
What requirements apply to lavatories?
When must an employer provide change rooms?
What requirements apply to consumption of food and beverages in the workplace?
How must waste be stored and removed?
When must an employer have a vermin control program?
Part O
Walking Working Surfaces; Fixed Industrial Stairs; Aerial Manlifts
Walking working surfaces, elevated walkways, and platforms.
What definitions apply to this section?
When may railings be omitted?
What protection must an employer provide for floor openings?
What protection must an employer provide for wall openings and holes?
What protection must an employer provide for open-sided floors, platforms, and runways?
What requirements apply to stairway railings and guards?
How must a standard railing be constructed?
How must a stair railing be constructed?
What are the requirements for railing dimensions?
What requirements apply to toeboards?
How must handrails and railings be constructed?
What materials may be used for floor opening covers?
How must skylight screens be constructed and mounted?
What protection must an employer provide for wall openings?
Fixed industrial stairs.
What does this section cover?
What definitions apply to this section?
Where are fixed stairs required?
Where are spiral stairs prohibited?
How strong must fixed stairs be?
How wide must fixed stairs be?
What angles may stairways be installed at?
What requirements apply to stair treads?
What requirements apply to the length of stairways?
What requirements apply to railings and handrails on fixed stairs?
What requirements apply to alternating tread-type stairs?
What other requirements apply to fixed stairs?
Aerial manlift equipment.
What requirements apply to aerial manlift equipment?
What requirements apply to using aerial manlift equipment?
Part P
Guarding Power
Transmission Machinery
Guarding power transmission machinery.
What power transmission belts are covered by this section?
What does "guarded by location" mean?
What general requirements apply to machine guarding?
What requirements apply to prime-mover guards?
What requirements apply to guarding shafting?
What requirements apply to guarding pulleys?
What requirements apply to guarding horizontal belt, rope, and chain drives?
What requirements apply to guarding overhead horizontal belt, rope, and chain drives?
What requirements apply to guarding vertical and inclined belts?
What requirements apply to guarding cone-pulley belts?
What requirements apply to guarding belt tighteners?
What requirements apply to guarding gears, sprockets, and chains?
What requirements apply to guarding friction drives?
What requirements apply to guarding keys, set screws, and other projections?
What requirements apply to guarding collars and couplings?
Must self-lubricating bearings be used?
What requirements apply to guarding clutches, cutoff couplings, and clutch pulleys?
What requirements apply to guarding belt shifters, clutches, shippers, poles, perches, and fasteners?
What materials must be used for standard guards?
How must standard guards be manufactured?
What requirements apply to disk, shield, and U-guards?
What materials must be used for guards?
When may wood guards be used?
What materials may be used for guarding horizontal overhead belts?
What clearance must be maintained between guards and power transmission machinery?
How must overhead rope and chain-drive guards be constructed?
What materials must be used for guardrails and toeboards?
How must shafting be maintained?
How must pulleys be maintained?
How must belts be maintained?
How must other equipment be maintained?
Auger conveying equipment.
What requirements apply to auger conveying equipment?
What other requirements apply to auger conveying equipment manufactured after October 25, 1976?
Guarding farmstead equipment.
What does this section cover?
How must power takeoff shafts of farmstead equipment be guarded?
How must other power transmission components of farmstead equipment be guarded?
How must functional components of farmstead equipment be guarded?
When may guards be removed on farmstead equipment?
What requirements apply to electrical control for maintaining and servicing farmstead equipment?
What additional guarding requirements apply to farmstead equipment?
Part Q
Control of Hazardous
Energy (Lockout-tagout)
Control of hazardous energy (lockout-tagout).
What does this section cover?
When does this section not apply?
What definitions apply to this section?
What are the required elements of an energy control program?
How does an employer determine when to use lockout vs. tagout?
What requirements must be met to substitute tagout for lockout?
What are the required elements of energy control procedures?
What requirements apply to lockout and tagout devices and materials?
How often must the energy control procedure be inspected?
What general requirements apply to energy control program training and communication?
What additional requirements apply to tagout training and communication?
What requirements apply to employee retraining?
What training records must an employer keep?
Who may perform lockout or tagout?
Who must be notified of lockout and tagout?
What order of events must lockout or tagout procedures follow?
What order of events must be followed to remove lockout or tagout devices?
What requirements apply to testing and positioning machines and equipment?
What requirements apply to outside servicing contractors?
What requirements apply to group lockout or tagout?
What requirements apply to lockout/tagout during shift changes?
Part R
Safety Color Coding; Accident Prevention Signs and Tags
Safety color coding; accident prevention signs and tags.
What definitions apply to this section?
What does red identify in safety color coding?
What does yellow identify in safety color coding?
When should signs and tags use "danger" versus "caution"?
What are the design and color specifications for accident prevention signs?
What are the proper uses of accident prevention tags?
Part S
Fire Protection and Ignition Sources; Exit Routes
Portable fire extinguishers.
What does this section cover?
Who is exempt from the requirements of this section?
What general requirements apply to portable fire extinguishers?
How should portable fire extinguishers be selected and distributed?
What are the requirements for inspection, maintenance and testing of portable fire extinguishers?
What requirements apply to hydrostatic testing?
What are the training requirements for portable fire extinguishers?
Employee alarm systems.
What does this section cover?
What general requirements apply to employee alarm systems?
What are the installation and restoration requirements for employee alarm systems?
How must employee alarm systems be maintained and tested?
Where must manually operated devices be located?
Exit routes.
What does this section cover?
What definitions apply to this section?
What are the design requirements for exit routes?
What are the operation and maintenance requirements for exit routes?
What are the requirements for an emergency action plan?
What are the requirements for a fire prevention plan?
Part T
Electrical
Electrical.
What does this part cover?
What definitions apply to this part?
General electrical requirements.
What electrical equipment must be approved?
How must electrical equipment safety be determined?
What requirements apply to guarding live parts?
What workspace must be provided?
What general requirements apply to splices?
What protection must be provided against combustible materials?
How must electrical equipment be marked?
How must disconnecting means be marked?
What access and working space must be provided for electrical equipment of 600 volts, nominal, or less?
What access and working space must be provided for electrical equipment over 600 volts, nominal?
Electrical installation and maintenance.
How must flexible cords and cables be installed and maintained?
How must attachment plugs and receptacles be installed and maintained?
What must employees do when equipment causes electrical shock?
What grounding and bonding requirements apply to equipment installation and maintenance?
What requirements apply to disconnecting means?
What requirements apply to identification and load rating of electrical equipment?
How must equipment be installed in wet locations?
Wiring design and protection.
How must grounded and grounding conductors be used and identified?
What ampere rating must outlet devices have?
What requirements apply to conductors?
What design and protection requirements apply to service-entrances?
What overcurrent protection must be provided?
What premises wiring systems must be grounded?
Must the conductor be grounded for AC premises wiring?
What general requirements apply to grounding conductors?
Must the path to ground be continuous?
What supports, enclosures, and equipment must be grounded?
How must fixed equipment be grounded?
How must high voltage systems be grounded?
Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use.
Does this section apply to factory-assembled equipment?
What wiring methods must be used for temporary wiring?
When may cable trays be used?
What requirements apply to open wiring on insulators?
What wiring requirements apply to cabinets, boxes, and fittings?
What requirements apply to switches?
Where must switchboards and panelboards be located?
When must conductors be insulated?
When may flexible cords and cables be used?
How must flexible cords and cables be identified, spliced, and terminated?
What requirements apply to multiconductor portable cable?
When may fixture wires be used?
What requirements apply to wiring for lighting fixtures, lampholders, lamps, and receptacles?
What requirements apply to wiring for receptacles, cord connectors, and attachment plugs (caps)?
What requirements apply to wiring for appliances?
What requirements apply to wiring for motors, motor circuits, and controllers?
What requirements apply to wiring for transformers?
What requirements apply to wiring for capacitors?
How must storage batteries be ventilated?
What other miscellaneous requirements apply to wiring methods?
Special purpose equipment and installations.
What requirements apply to cranes, hoists, and runways?
What requirements apply to elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, and moving walks?
What requirements apply to the disconnecting means for electric welders?
What requirements apply to electrically driven or controlled irrigation machines?
Hazardous (classified) locations.
What does this section cover?
What classifications apply to this section?
What equipment, wiring methods, and installations may be used in hazardous locations?
How must conduit be installed in hazardous locations?
Which equipment may be used in Division 1 and 2 locations?
What requirements apply to motors and generators used in hazardous locations?
Special systems.
What requirements apply to systems over 600 volts, nominal?
What requirements apply to emergency power systems?
How are Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3 remote control, signaling, and power-limited circuits classified?
What requirements apply to fire protective signaling systems?
Working on or near exposed energized parts.
What does this section cover?
Who may work on energized parts?
What requirements apply to working near low voltage lines?
What requirements apply to qualified persons working near overhead lines?
What requirements apply to vehicles and mechanical equipment near overhead lines?
What lighting must be provided for employees working near exposed energized parts?
What requirements apply to working near exposed energized parts in confined spaces?
What housekeeping requirements apply to working near exposed energized parts?
Who may defeat an electrical safety interlock?
Safety-related work practices.
What does this section cover?
How must employees be trained on safety practices?
How must safety-related work practices be chosen and used?
What work practices must be followed for work on exposed deenergized parts?
Must an employer have a written copy of lockout-tagout procedures?
What work practices must be followed for deenergizing equipment?
How must locks and tags be applied?
What work practices must be followed to verify deenergization?
What work practices must be followed when reenergizing equipment?
What safety-related work practices relate to portable electric equipment?
What safety-related work practices relate to electric power and lighting circuits?
What safety-related work practices relate to test instruments and equipment?
What safety-related work practices relate to flammable materials?
Electrical protective equipment.
How must protective equipment be used?
What requirements apply to general protective equipment and tools?
What manufacturing and marking requirements apply to electrical protective devices?
What electrical requirements apply to electrical protective devices?
What workmanship and finish requirements apply to electrical protective devices?
How must electrical protective devices be maintained and used?
SPECIALIZED OPERATIONS
 
Part U-1
Hazardous Materials—Anhydrous Ammonia
Anhydrous ammonia.
What does this section cover?
What definitions apply to this section?
What general requirements apply to the storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia?
What requirements apply to systems mounted on farm wagons (implements of husbandry) for the transportation of ammonia?
What requirements apply to systems mounted on farm wagons (implements of husbandry) for the application of ammonia?
What requirements must approved anhydrous ammonia equipment meet?
What requirements apply to the construction, original test, and requalification of nonrefrigerated containers?
How must nonrefrigerated containers and systems (other than DOT containers) be marked?
Where may anhydrous ammonia containers be located?
What requirements apply to container accessories?
What requirements apply to piping, tubing, and fittings?
What specifications must hoses meet?
What requirements apply to safety-relief devices?
What emergency precautions are required when handling anhydrous ammonia?
What requirements apply to filling densities?
What requirements apply to the transfer of liquids?
What requirements apply to tank car unloading points and operations?
What requirements apply to the liquid-level gauging device?
How should aboveground uninsulated containers be maintained?
What requirements apply to electrical equipment and wiring?
Part U-2
Hazardous Materials—Liquified Petroleum Gas
Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gases.
What does this part cover?
Which LP-gas installations are not covered by this part?
What definitions apply to this part?
When must LP-gas be odorized?
Must LP-gas containers and equipment be approved?
What construction and test requirements must containers meet?
How must containers be welded?
How must containers be marked?
Where must containers be located?
What requirements apply to valves and accessories?
What requirements apply to piping, tubing, and fittings?
What specifications must hoses meet?
What requirements apply to safety devices?
How must indirect fired vaporizers be constructed and installed?
How must atmospheric vaporizers be constructed and installed?
How must direct gas-fired vaporizers be constructed and installed?
How must direct gas-fired tank heaters be constructed and installed?
How must dehydrators be constructed and installed?
What are the maximum filling densities?
What requirements apply to LP-gas in buildings?
What requirements apply to transfer of liquids?
Must workers be trained?
What fire protection must be provided for LP-gas installations?
What electrical requirements apply to LP-gas installations?
What requirements apply to liquid-level gauging devices?
What requirements apply to appliances?
Cylinder systems.
What does this section cover?
What is a "cylinder system"?
How must containers be marked for cylinder systems?
What additional requirements apply to cylinder systems installed outdoors?
What additional requirements apply to cylinder system installed indoors?
What requirements apply to valves and accessories?
What requirements apply to safety devices for cylinder systems?
What other requirements apply to cylinder systems?
Systems using non-DOT containers.
What does this section cover?
How must non-DOT containers be designed and classified?
What requirements apply to valves and accessories, filler pipes, and discharge pipes for non-DOT containers?
What additional requirements apply to safety devices for non-DOT containers?
When may non-DOT containers be reinstalled?
What is the maximum capacity allowed for non-DOT containers?
How must non-DOT containers be installed?
How must non-DOT containers be protected?
What requirements apply to non-DOT containers in industrial plants?
What requirements apply to container-charging plants?
What fire protection must be provided for non-DOT containers?
What other requirements apply to non-DOT containers?
LP-gas as a motor fuel.
What does this section cover?
What general requirements apply to LP-gas used as a motor fuel?
How must fuel containers be designed and classified?
How must fuel containers be installed?
What requirements apply to valves and accessories?
What requirements apply to piping, tubing, and fittings?
What requirements apply to safety devices?
What requirements apply to vaporizers?
What requirements apply to gas regulating and mixing equipment?
What is the maximum container capacity allowed?
What requirements apply to stationary engines used indoors?
What requirements apply to portable engines used indoors?
What requirements apply to industrial trucks used indoors?
How must LP-gas-fueled vehicles be garaged?
Storage of containers awaiting use or resale.
What does this section cover?
What general requirements apply to storage of containers?
How must containers be stored within buildings frequented by the public?
How must containers be stored in buildings not frequented by the public?
How must containers be stored within special buildings or rooms?
How must containers be stored outdoors?
What fire protection must be provided for stored containers?
LP-gas system installations on commercial vehicles.
What does this section cover?
How must containers be constructed?
What is the maximum capacity allowed for LP-gas installations on commercial vehicles?
Where must systems be located?
What requirements apply to valves and accessories?
What requirements apply to safety devices?
What types of systems may be used on commercial vehicles?
What requirements apply to enclosures and mounting?
What requirements apply to piping, tubing, and fittings?
What requirements apply to appliances?
What general precautions must be followed for LP-gas system installations on commercial vehicles?
How must containers be charged?
What fire protection must be provided for mobile cook units?
LP-gas service stations.
What does this section cover?
How must storage containers be designed and classified?
What requirements apply to valves and accessories?
What requirements apply to safety devices?
What is the maximum capacity allowed for containers?
How must storage containers be installed?
What equipment must be protected against tampering?
What requirements apply to the transport truck unloading point?
What requirements apply to piping, valves, and fittings?
What requirements apply to pumps and accessory equipment?
What requirements apply to LP-gas dispensing devices?
Is smoking allowed at LP-gas service stations?
What fire protection must be provided at LP-gas service stations?
Part U-3
Other Hazardous Materials
Dipping and Coating Operations (Dip Tanks)
Scope.
General requirements.
Construction
Construct safe dip tanks.
Ventilation
Provide proper ventilation for the vapor area.
Take additional precautions if you recirculate ventilation system exhaust air into the workplace.
Take additional precautions when using an exhaust hood.
Inspection
Periodically inspect your dip tanks and associated equipment and correct any deficiencies.
First Aid
Make sure employees working near dip tanks know appropriate first-aid procedures.
Cleaning
Prepare dip tanks before cleaning.
Welding
Protect employees during welding, burning, or other work using open flames.
Liquids Harmful to Skin
Protect employees that use liquids that may burn, irritate, or otherwise harm the skin.
Additional requirements for dip tanks using flammable or combustible liquids.
Construction
Include additional safeguards when constructing dip tanks.
Provide overflow pipes.
Provide bottom drains.
Fire Protection
Provide fire protection in the vapor area.
Provide additional fire protection for large dip tanks.
Electrical Wiring and Equipment and Sources of Ignition
Prevent static electricity sparks or arcs when adding liquids to a dip tank.
Control ignition sources.
Provide safe electrical wiring and equipment where the liquid can drip or splash.
Housekeeping
Keep the area around dip tanks clear of combustible material and properly dispose of waste.
Heating Liquid
Make sure heating the liquid in your dip tanks does not cause a fire.
Heat Drying
Make sure a heating system used for drying objects does not cause a fire.
Conveyors
Make sure conveyor systems are safe.
Additional requirements for dip tanks used for specific processes.
Hardening or Tempering
Meet specific requirements if you use a hardening or tempering tank.
Vapor Degreasing
Provide additional safeguards for vapor degreasing tanks.
Spray Cleaning or Degreasing
Control liquid spray over an open surface cleaning or degreasing tank.
Definitions.
Part V
Welding
Welding, cutting, and brazing.
What definitions apply to this part?
Installation and operation of oxygen fuel gas systems for welding and cutting.
What general requirements apply to oxygen fuel gas systems?
What requirements apply to portable cylinders?
What general requirements apply to storing compressed gas cylinders?
How must fuel-gas cylinders be stored?
How must oxygen cylinders be stored?
What general operating procedures apply to working with cylinders and containers?
What requirements apply to safety devices on cylinders?
How must cylinders be transported?
How must cylinders be handled?
What requirements apply to cylinder valves?
What requirements apply to cylinder regulators?
What requirements apply to fuel-gas manifolds?
What requirements apply to high pressure oxygen manifolds?
What requirements apply to low pressure oxygen manifolds?
What requirements apply to manifolding portable outlet headers?
What operating procedures apply to cylinder manifolds?
How must service piping systems be designed?
What requirements apply to piping joints?
How must service piping systems be installed?
How must service piping systems be painted and marked?
How must service piping systems be tested?
How must equipment be installed?
How must service piping systems be protected?
What requirements apply to piping protective equipment?
What requirements apply to station outlet protective equipment?
What requirements apply to hose and hose connections?
What requirements apply to pressure-reducing regulators?
Installation and operation of resistance welding equipment.
What general requirements apply to resistance welding equipment?
What requirements apply to portable welding machines?
What requirements apply to flash welding equipment?
Who must perform a job hazard analysis?
What maintenance requirements apply to resistance welding equipment?
Application, installation, and operation of arc welding and cutting equipment.
What environmental conditions must be taken into account when selecting arc welding equipment?
What voltages must arc welding equipment use?
How must arc welding equipment be designed?
How must arc welding equipment be installed?
How must arc welding equipment be grounded?
What requirements apply to supply connections and conductors?
How must arc welding equipment be operated?
How must arc welding equipment be maintained?
Fire prevention and protection.
What basic fire prevention precautions must be taken?
What special fire prevention precautions must be taken?
What precautions must be taken when welding or cutting containers?
What precautions must be taken when welding in confined spaces?
Protection of employees.
How must eye protection be selected?
What specifications must eye protection meet?
What protective clothing must welders wear?
What other requirements apply to employee protection?
What employee protection must be provided in confined spaces?
What general requirements apply to welding ventilation?
What ventilation must be provided for general welding and cutting?
What requirements apply to local exhaust hoods and booths?
What ventilation must be provided in confined spaces?
What requirements apply to welding fluorine compounds?
What requirements apply to welding zinc?
What requirements apply to welding lead?
What requirements apply to welding beryllium?
What requirements apply to welding cadmium?
What requirements apply to welding mercury?
Part W
Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts)
Powered industrial trucks (forklifts).
What does this section cover?
What is a "powered industrial truck"?
What manufacturer's requirements apply to powered industrial trucks?
What are the classifications of powered industrial trucks?
What must a user consider before choosing a powered industrial truck?
What requirements determine which trucks to use in specific hazardous environments?
In what environments may converted trucks be used?
What requirements apply to overhead safety guards?
What requirements apply to load backrests?
What requirements apply to fuel handling and storage?
What requirements apply to lighting for operating areas?
What level of carbon monoxide gas is allowed?
What requirements apply to dockboards (bridge plates)?
What rules apply to loading trucks, trailers, and railroad cars with powered industrial trucks?
What are the operator training requirements for powered industrial trucks?
Is there any additional (nonmandatory) information that may assist me with powered industrial truck operator training?
What requirements apply to operating powered industrial trucks?
When may trucks be used to open or close freight car doors?
What requirements apply to lifting employees on the forks of trucks?
What requirements apply to using platforms for hoisting employees?
What requirements apply to traveling in a powered industrial truck?
What requirements apply to traveling speeds of powered industrial trucks?
What requirements apply to loading powered industrial trucks?
What requirements apply to servicing powered industrial trucks?
What requirements apply to maintaining powered industrial trucks?
Part X
Rim Wheel Servicing
Rim wheel servicing.
What does this section cover?
What definitions apply to rim wheel servicing?
What training must an employer provide for employees who service rim wheels?
What requirements apply to restraining devices?
What other equipment must an employer provide for rim wheel servicing?
What requirements apply to wheel component assembly?
What are the safe operating procedures for servicing multipiece rim wheels?
What are the safe operating procedures for servicing single-piece rim wheels?
How can an employer order the OSHA charts?
Part Y
Occupational Health Standards
Part Y-1
Employer Chemical Hazard Communication
Employer chemical hazard communication—Introduction.
Develop, implement, maintain, and make available a written Chemical Hazard Communication Program.
Identify and list all the hazardous chemicals present in your workplace.
Obtain and maintain material safety data sheets (MSDSs) for each hazardous chemical used.
Make sure material safety data sheets are readily accessible to your employees.
Label containers holding hazardous chemicals.
Inform and train your employees about hazardous chemicals in your workplace.
Follow these rules for laboratories using hazardous chemicals.
Follow these rules for handling chemicals in factory-sealed containers.
Translate certain chemical hazard communication documents upon request.
Attempt to obtain a material safety data sheet (MSDS) upon request.
Items or chemicals exempt from the rule, and exemptions from labeling.
Definitions.
Part Y-2
Material Safety Data Sheets and Label Preparation
Scope.
Hazard evaluation.
Conduct complete hazard evaluations.
Provide access to hazard evaluation procedures.
Material safety data sheets.
Develop or obtain material safety data sheets (MSDSs).
Provide MSDSs for products shipped, transferred or sold over-the-counter.
Follow-up if an MSDS is not provided.
Labeling.
Label containers of hazardous chemicals.
Definitions.
Lighting rule.
Provide and maintain adequate lighting.
Environmental tobacco smoke in the office—Summary.
Prohibit tobacco smoke in your office work environment.
Part Y-3
Lighting
Part Y-4
Environmental Tobacco Smoke in the Office
Part Y-5
Respirators
Scope.
Respirator program administrator.
Designate a program administrator.
Voluntary respirator use requirements.
Make sure voluntary use of respirators is safe.
Keep voluntary use program records.
Written respirator program and recordkeeping.
Develop and maintain a written program.
Keep respirator program records.
Respirator selection.
Select and provide appropriate respirators.
Medical evaluations.
Provide medical evaluations.
Fit testing.
Conduct fit testing.
Training.
Provide effective training.
Maintenance.
Maintain respirators in a clean and reliable condition.
Store respirators properly.
Inspect and repair respirators.
Safe use and removal of respirators.
Prevent sealing problems with tight-fitting respirators.
Make sure employees leave the use area before removing respirators.
Standby requirements for immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH) conditions.
Provide standby assistance in immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH) conditions.
Air quality for self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and air-line respirators.
Make sure breathing air and oxygen meet established specifications.
Prevent conditions that could create a hazardous breathing air supply.
Make sure compressors do not create a hazardous breathing air supply.
Labeling of air-purifying respirator filters, cartridges, and canisters.
Keep labels readable on respirator filters, cartridges, and canisters during use.
Required procedures for respiratory protection program.
Use this medical questionnaire for medical evaluations.
Follow these fit-testing procedures for tight-fitting respirators.
Follow procedures established for cleaning and disinfecting respirators.
Follow procedures established for seal checking respirators.
Definitions.
Part Y-6
Respiratory Hazards
Scope.
Evaluate and control employee exposures.
Identify and evaluate respiratory hazards.
Control employee exposures.
Use respirators.
Notify employees.
Permissible exposure limits of air contaminants.
Definitions.
Part Y-7
Hearing Loss Prevention (Noise)
Scope.
Hearing Loss Prevention Program
Summary.
Conduct employee noise exposure monitoring.
Control employee noise exposures that equal or exceed 90 dBA TWA8.
Make sure employees use hearing protection when their noise exposure equals or exceeds 85 dBA TWA8.
Make sure exposed employees receive training about noise and hearing protection.
Make sure warning signs are posted for areas where noise levels equal or exceed 115 dBA.
Arrange for oversight of audiometric testing.
Identify and correct deficiencies in your hearing loss prevention program.
Document your hearing loss prevention activities.
Noise Measurement and Computation
Summary.
Make sure that noise-measuring equipment meets recognized standards.
Measure employee noise exposure.
Use these equations when estimating full-day noise exposure from sound level measurements.
Audiometric Testing
Summary.
Provide audiometric testing at no cost to employees.
Establish a baseline audiogram for each exposed employee.
Conduct annual audiograms.
Review audiograms that indicate a standard threshold shift.
Keep the baseline audiogram without revision, unless annual audiograms indicate a persistent threshold shift or a significant improvement in hearing.
Make sure a record is kept of audiometric tests.
Make sure audiometric testing equipment meets these requirements.
Options to Audiometric Testing
Summary.
Conduct hearing protection audits at least quarterly.
Make sure staff conducting audits are properly trained.
Assess the hearing protection used by each employee during audits.
Document your hearing protection audits.
Third-party Audiometric Tests
Make sure third-party hearing loss prevention programs meet the following requirements.
Noise definitions.
Part Y-8
Confined Spaces
Scope.
Summary.
Identify permit-required confined spaces.
Inform employees and control entry to permit-required confined spaces.
Follow these requirements when you contract with another employer to enter your confined space.
Permit-required Confined Space Program
Summary.
Develop a written permit-required confined space program.
Meet these additional requirements if your employees enter another employer's confined space.
Employee Training
Summary.
Provide employee training.
Certify employee proficiency.
Permit Entry Procedures
Summary.
Implement procedures for entry permits.
Use an entry permit that contains all required information.
Keep and review your entry permits.
Prevent unauthorized entry.
Provide, maintain, and use proper equipment.
Evaluate and control hazards for safe entry.
Make sure you have adequate rescue and emergency services available.
Use nonentry rescue systems or methods whenever possible.
Make sure entry supervisors perform their responsibilities and duties.
Provide an attendant outside the permit-required confined space.
Make sure entrants know the hazardous conditions and their duties.
Implement procedures for ending entry.
Alternate entry procedures.
Make sure the following conditions are met if using alternate entry procedures.
Follow these alternate entry procedures for permit-required confined spaces.
Nonpermit confined spaces requirements.
Follow these requirements when classifying a confined space as a nonpermit confined space.
Reevaluate nonpermit confined spaces if hazards develop.
Definitions.
Part Y-10
Emergency Response
Scope.
Planning.
Training.
Medical surveillance.
Keep records.
Incident requirements.
Implement and maintain an incident command system (ICS).
Prepare skilled support personnel.
Make sure the incident commander oversees activities during the response.
Use the buddy system in danger areas.
Provide rescue and medical assistance.
Personal protective equipment.
Control hazards created by personal protective equipment (PPE).
Use personal protective equipment (PPE) properly.
Postemergency response.
Definitions.