Chapter 246-915 WAC

Last Update: 7/17/18

PHYSICAL THERAPISTS AND PHYSICAL THERAPIST ASSISTANTS

WAC Sections

246-915-010Definitions.
246-915-020Physical therapist and physical therapist assistant examinations—Prior to graduation.
246-915-030Examination.
246-915-039Initial eligibility and application requirements.
246-915-040Licensure by endorsement.
246-915-050Reactivation of expired credential.
246-915-075Temporary permit—National background checks.
246-915-076Temporary practice permit—Military spouse.
246-915-078Interim permits.
246-915-085Continuing competency.
246-915-086Suicide assessment training standards.
246-915-100Approved physical therapist schools.
246-915-105Approved physical therapist assistant schools.
246-915-110AIDS education and training.
246-915-120Foreign educated applicants.
246-915-130Initial evaluation—Referral—Recommendations—Follow-up.
246-915-140Personnel identification.
246-915-180Professional conduct principles.
246-915-181Supervision responsibilities.
246-915-182Unprofessional conduct—Sexual misconduct.
246-915-185Standards for appropriateness of physical therapy care.
246-915-187Use of telehealth in the practice of physical therapy.
246-915-190Division of fees—Rebating—Financial interest—Endorsement.
246-915-200Physical therapy records.
246-915-210Mandatory reporting—General provisions.
246-915-300Philosophy governing voluntary substance abuse monitoring programs.
246-915-310Terms used in WAC 246-915-300 through 246-915-330.
246-915-320Approval of substance abuse monitoring programs.
246-915-330Participation in approved substance abuse monitoring program.
246-915-340Adjudicative proceedings.
246-915-350Inactive credential.
246-915-360Sharp debridement education and training.
246-915-370Electroneuromyographic examinations education and training.
246-915-380Spinal manipulation—Endorsement. (Effective July 1, 2015, until June 30, 2020.)
246-915-381Spinal manipulation—Endorsement. (Effective July 1, 2020.)
246-915-382Spinal manipulation—Clinical supervisor. (Effective July 1, 2015, until June 30, 2020.)
246-915-990Physical therapy fees and renewal cycle.
246-915-99005Physical therapist assistant fees and renewal cycle.
DISPOSITION OF SECTIONS FORMERLY CODIFIED IN THIS TITLE
246-915-015Examination appeal procedures. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 92-08-039 (Order 259B), § 246-915-015, filed 3/24/92, effective 4/24/92; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-015, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91.] Repealed by WSR 92-16-082 (Order 294B), filed 8/4/92, effective 9/4/92. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023.
246-915-060Applications. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-060, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3). WSR 88-23-014 (Order PM 789), § 308-42-090, filed 11/7/88.] Repealed by WSR 98-05-060, filed 2/13/98, effective 3/16/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280.
246-915-070Application due date. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-070, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.020. WSR 79-05-035 (Order PL 302), § 308-42-110, filed 4/24/79.] Repealed by WSR 18-15-067, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020.
246-915-080Renewal of license. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 93-04-081 (Order 328B), § 246-915-080, filed 2/1/93, effective 3/4/93; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-080, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-080, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3). WSR 89-21-008, § 308-42-120, filed 10/6/89, effective 11/6/89; WSR 88-23-014 (Order PM 789), § 308-42-120, filed 11/7/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 84-03-055 (Order PL 455), § 308-42-120, filed 1/18/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.24.140. WSR 80-04-057 (Order 337), § 308-42-120, filed 3/24/80.] Repealed by WSR 97-20-103, filed 9/29/97, effective 10/30/97. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280.
246-915-090Change of address or name—Notification of department. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-090, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-090, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3). WSR 89-21-009, § 308-42-121, filed 10/6/89, effective 11/6/89.] Repealed by WSR 97-20-103, filed 9/29/97, effective 10/30/97. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280.
246-915-150Physical therapist assistant and physical therapy aide supervision ratio. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 92-08-039 (Order 259B), § 246-915-150, filed 3/24/92, effective 4/24/92; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-150, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-150, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 85-11-049 (Order PL 531), § 308-42-136, filed 5/16/85.] Repealed by WSR 05-09-046, filed 4/18/05, effective 5/19/05. Statutory Authority: Chapter 18.74 RCW.
246-915-160Responsibilities of supervision. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 (3), (6) and (7). WSR 04-13-052, § 246-915-160, filed 6/11/04, effective 7/12/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-160, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-160, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-160, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 84-13-057 (Order PL 471), § 308-42-140, filed 6/19/84.] Repealed by WSR 08-17-026, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023.
246-915-170Special requirements for physical therapist assistant utilization. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-170, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-170, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3). WSR 89-19-007 (Order PM 859), § 308-42-145, filed 9/8/89, effective 10/9/89. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 84-17-032 (Order PL 477), § 308-42-145, filed 8/8/84.] Repealed by WSR 05-09-046, filed 4/18/05, effective 5/19/05. Statutory Authority: Chapter 18.74 RCW.
246-915-220Mandatory reporting—Physical therapists. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3) and 18.130.070. WSR 04-08-100, § 246-915-220, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-220, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.130.070. WSR 87-18-040 (Order PM 675), § 308-42-220, filed 8/28/87.] Repealed by WSR 18-15-067, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020.
246-915-230Health care institutions and home health agencies—Mandatory reporting. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3) and 18.130.070. WSR 04-08-100, § 246-915-230, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-230, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.130.070. WSR 87-18-040 (Order PM 675), § 308-42-230, filed 8/28/87.] Repealed by WSR 18-15-067, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020.
246-915-240Physical therapy associations or societies—Mandatory reporting. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3) and 18.130.070. WSR 04-08-100, § 246-915-240, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-240, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.130.070. WSR 87-18-040 (Order PM 675), § 308-42-240, filed 8/28/87.] Repealed by WSR 18-15-067, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020.
246-915-250Health care service contractors and disability insurance carriers—Mandatory reporting. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3) and 18.130.070. WSR 04-08-100, § 246-915-250, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-250, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.130.070. WSR 87-18-040 (Order PM 675), § 308-42-250, filed 8/28/87.] Repealed by WSR 18-15-067, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020.
246-915-260Professional liability carriers—Mandatory reporting. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3) and 18.130.070. WSR 04-08-100, § 246-915-260, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-260, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.130.070. WSR 87-18-040 (Order PM 675), § 308-42-260, filed 8/28/87.] Repealed by WSR 18-15-067, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020.
246-915-270Courts—Mandatory reporting. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3) and 18.130.070. WSR 04-08-100, § 246-915-270, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-270, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.130.070. WSR 87-18-040 (Order PM 675), § 308-42-270, filed 8/28/87.] Repealed by WSR 18-15-067, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020.
246-915-280State and federal agencies—Mandatory reporting. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3) and 18.130.070. WSR 04-08-100, § 246-915-280, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-280, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.130.070. WSR 87-18-040 (Order PM 675), § 308-42-280, filed 8/28/87.] Repealed by WSR 18-15-067, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020.
246-915-995Waiver of examination—Physical therapist assistants. [Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-995, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08.] Repealed by WSR 15-06-013, filed 2/23/15, effective 3/26/15. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and 18.74.038.


246-915-010
Definitions.

The definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter unless the context indicates otherwise:
(1) "Board" means the Washington state board of physical therapy.
(2) "CAPTE" means the commission on accreditation for physical therapy education.
(3) "Consultation" means a communication regarding a patient's evaluation and proposed treatment plan with an authorized health care practitioner.
(4) "Department" means the Washington state department of health.
(5) "Direct supervision" means the supervisor shall:
(a) Be continuously on-site and present where the person being supervised is performing services;
(b) Be immediately available to assist the person being supervised in the services being performed; and
(c) Maintain continued involvement in appropriate aspects of each treatment session in which a component of treatment is delegated to assistive personnel or is required to be directly supervised under RCW 18.74.180.
(6) "Indirect supervision" means the supervisor is not on the premises, but has given either written or oral instructions for treatment of the patient and the patient has been examined by the physical therapist at such time as acceptable health care practice requires, and consistent with the particular delegated health care task.
(7) "NPTE" means the National Physical Therapy Examination.
(8) "Other assistive personnel" means other trained or educated health care personnel, not defined in subsection (12)(a) or (b) of this section, who perform specific designated tasks related to physical therapy under the supervision of a physical therapist including, but not limited to, licensed massage therapists, licensed athletic trainers, and exercise physiologists. At the direction of the supervising physical therapist, and if properly credentialed and not prohibited by any other law, other assistive personnel may be identified by the title specific to their training or education.
(9) "Physical therapist" means a person who meets all the requirements of this chapter and is licensed as a physical therapist under chapter 18.74 RCW.
(10) "Sharp debridement" means the removal of devitalized tissue from a wound with scissors, scalpel, and tweezers without anesthesia. Sharp debridement does not mean surgical debridement.
(11) "Spinal manipulation" includes spinal manipulation, spinal manipulative therapy, high velocity thrust maneuvers, and grade five mobilizations of the spine and its immediate articulations.
(12) "Trained supportive personnel" means:
(a) "Physical therapist assistant." An individual who meets all the requirements of this chapter and is licensed as a physical therapist assistant and who performs physical therapy procedures and related tasks that have been selected and delegated only by the supervising physical therapist; or
(b) "Physical therapy aide." An individual who is involved in direct physical therapy patient care who does not meet the definition of a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant and receives ongoing on-the-job training.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-010, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-010, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 (3), (6) and (7). WSR 04-13-052, § 246-915-010, filed 6/11/04, effective 7/12/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280. WSR 98-05-060, § 246-915-010, filed 2/13/98, effective 3/16/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 92-08-039 (Order 259B), § 246-915-010, filed 3/24/92, effective 4/24/92; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-010, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-010, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3). WSR 89-21-007, § 308-42-010, filed 10/6/89, effective 11/6/89; WSR 88-23-014 (Order PM 789), § 308-42-010, filed 11/7/88. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 84-13-057 (Order PL 471), § 308-42-010, filed 6/19/84; Order PL 191, § 308-42-010, filed 5/29/75; Order 704207, § 308-42-010, filed 8/7/70, effective 9/15/70.]



246-915-020
Physical therapist and physical therapist assistant examinationsPrior to graduation.

(1) Physical therapy students in their last year of education may apply for licensure by examination prior to graduation if the department receives a letter from an official of the student's physical therapy school verifying the probability of graduation prior to the date of the examination for which they are applying. Students may apply to take the exam up to one hundred fifty days prior to graduation.
(2) The department will not issue a credential until:
(a) A diploma, an official transcript, or certification letter from the registrar's office certifying completion of all requirements for degree or certificate in physical therapy are received by the department; and
(b) A passing NPTE score is received by the department.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-020, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-020, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 93-04-081 (Order 328B), § 246-915-020, filed 2/1/93, effective 3/4/93; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-020, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 87-08-065 (Order PM 644), § 308-42-040, filed 4/1/87; WSR 84-03-055 (Order PL 455), § 308-42-040, filed 1/18/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.020. WSR 83-05-032 (Order PL 426), § 308-42-040, filed 2/10/83; WSR 79-05-035 (Order PL 302), § 308-42-040, filed 4/24/79; Order PL 191, § 308-42-040, filed 5/29/75; Order 704207, § 308-42-040, filed 8/7/70, effective 9/15/70.]



246-915-030
Examination.

The examination acceptable and approved for use under the provisions of RCW 18.74.035 is the NPTE.
(1) For a physical therapist a passing score is considered to be one of the following:
(a) Beginning November 8, 1995, the criterion referenced passing point shall be set to equal a scaled score of six hundred based on a scale ranging from two hundred to eight hundred.
(b) Beginning February 28, 1991, through July 12, 1995, not less than sixty-eight percent of the raw score.
(c) Prior to February 28, 1991, not less than sixty percent raw score on each of the three examination parts.
(2) For a physical therapist assistant a passing score is considered to be one of the following:
(a) Beginning November 8, 1995, the criterion referenced passing point shall be set to equal a scaled score of six hundred based on a scale ranging from two hundred to eight hundred.
(b) Prior to November 8, 1995, a passing score is answering correctly seventy percent of the total number of questions.
(3) If a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant candidate fails to receive a passing score, he or she will be required to retake the NPTE.
(4) The department will issue a license by endorsement to an applicant who is currently licensed as a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant under the laws of another state provided the requirements for registration or licensure under the appropriate category in that state, including minimal education and passing score on the NPTE, were substantially equal to the requirements in force in this state on the date of the applicant's initial licensure in the other state.
(5) An applicant may take the NPTE a maximum of six times, except that applicants who receive two very low scores on the exam will not be allowed to test again. A very low score is defined as performing at or below chance level (scale score four hundred and below).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-030, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-030, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 96-13-008, § 246-915-030, filed 6/6/96, effective 6/7/96; WSR 92-16-082 (Order 294B), § 246-915-030, filed 8/4/92, effective 9/4/92; WSR 91-14-006 (Order 178B), § 246-915-030, filed 6/21/91, effective 7/22/91; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-030, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-030, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: Chapter 18.74 RCW. WSR 90-16-070 (Order 074), § 308-42-045, filed 7/30/90, effective 8/30/90. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 86-19-063 (Order PM 619), § 308-42-045, filed 9/16/86; WSR 84-17-032 (Order PL 477), § 308-42-045, filed 8/8/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.020. WSR 83-05-032 (Order PL 426), § 308-42-045, filed 2/10/83; WSR 81-19-071 (Order PL 384), § 308-42-045, filed 9/15/81; Order PL 191, § 308-42-045, filed 5/29/75.]



246-915-039
Initial eligibility and application requirements.

(1) An applicant for physical therapist license shall submit to the department:
(a) A completed application;
(b) The application and licensing fees required under WAC 246-915-990;
(c) An official transcript from CAPTE; and
(d) Verification of passing NPTE scores.
(2) An applicant for physical therapist assistant license shall submit to the department:
(a) A completed application;
(b) The application and licensing fees required under WAC 246-915-99005;
(c) An official transcript from CAPTE; and
(d) Verification of passing NPTE scores.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-039, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18.]



246-915-040
Licensure by endorsement.

(1) An applicant for licensure as a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant who is currently registered, certified, or licensed under the laws of another state or territory, or the District of Columbia, with substantially equal requirements of this chapter shall file an application and submit to the department:
(a) Documentation verifying graduation from a board approved school as described in WAC 246-915-100 and 246-915-105; and
(b) Verification of passing NPTE scores as described in WAC 246-915-030.
(2) If the applicant took an examination other than the NPTE, the board shall determine if such examination is equivalent to that required by the laws of this state.
(3) If an applicant has not been actively engaged in lawful practice in another state, territory, or District of Columbia in the last three years, the applicant may be granted licensure by endorsement under the following conditions:
(a) The board may require the applicant to retake and pass the NPTE; or
(b) The board may waive reexamination in favor of evidence of continuing competency satisfactory to the board.
(4) If the applicant has not been actively engaged in lawful practice in another state, territory, or District of Columbia in the last five years or longer, the applicant may be granted licensure by endorsement under the following conditions:
(a) The applicant completes the continuing competency requirements found in WAC 246-915-085; and
(b) The applicant retakes and passes the NPTE.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-040, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 05-06-022, § 246-915-040, filed 2/22/05, effective 3/25/05; WSR 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-040, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-040, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-040, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: Chapter 18.74 RCW. WSR 90-16-070 (Order 074), § 308-42-060, filed 7/30/90, effective 8/30/90. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 86-19-063 (Order PM 619), § 308-42-060, filed 9/16/86; WSR 84-17-032 (Order PL 477), § 308-42-060, filed 8/8/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.020. WSR 83-05-032 (Order PL 426), § 308-42-060, filed 2/10/83; WSR 81-19-071 (Order PL 384), § 308-42-060, filed 9/15/81; Order PL 191, § 308-42-060, filed 5/29/75; Order 704207, § 308-42-060, filed 8/7/70, effective 9/15/70.]



246-915-050
Reactivation of expired credential.

To reactivate an expired license:
(1) If the license has expired for one renewal cycle or less, the applicant shall meet the applicable requirements of chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 2.
(2) If the license has expired for more than one renewal cycle and the applicant has been in active practice in another United States jurisdiction, the applicant shall:
(a) Submit verification of active practice from the other United States jurisdiction; and
(b) Meet the applicable requirements of chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 2.
(3) If the license has expired for more than one renewal cycle but less than five years, and the applicant has not been in active practice in another United States jurisdiction, the applicant shall meet the applicable requirements of chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 2.
(4) If the license has expired for five years or more, and the applicant has not been in active practice in another United States jurisdiction, the applicant shall meet applicable requirements of chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 2, and retake and pass the NPTE.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-050, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 05-03-009, § 246-915-050, filed 1/6/05, effective 2/6/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280. WSR 98-05-060, § 246-915-050, filed 2/13/98, effective 3/16/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-050, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-050, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-050, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 84-03-055 (Order PL 455), § 308-42-070, filed 1/18/84. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.020. WSR 83-05-032 (Order PL 426), § 308-42-070, filed 2/10/83.]



246-915-075
Temporary permitNational background checks.

Fingerprint-based background checks may cause a delay in licensing. Individuals who satisfy all other licensing requirements and qualifications may receive a temporary permit while the national background check is completed.
(1) A temporary permit may be issued to an applicant who:
(a) Holds an unrestricted, active license in another state or jurisdiction that has substantially equivalent licensing standards for the same profession as those in Washington;
(b) Is not subject to denial of a license or issuance of a conditional or restricted license; and
(c) Does not have a criminal record in Washington.
(2) A temporary permit grants the individual the full scope of practice for the profession.
(3) A temporary practice permit will not be renewed, reissued, or extended. A temporary practice permit expires when any one of the following occurs:
(a) The license is granted;
(b) A notice of decision on application is mailed to the applicant, unless the notice of decision on application specifically extends the duration of the temporary practice permit; or
(c) One hundred eighty days after the temporary practice permit is issued.
(4) To receive a temporary practice permit, the applicant shall:
(a) Submit the necessary application, fee(s), and documentation for the license;
(b) Meet all requirements and qualifications for the license, except the results from a fingerprint-based national background check, if required;
(c) Provide verification of having an active unrestricted license in the same profession from another state that has substantially equivalent licensing standards for the profession in Washington; and
(d) Submit to the department the fingerprint card and a written request for a temporary practice permit when the department notifies the applicant the national background check is required.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-075, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-075, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 92-16-082 (Order 294B), § 246-915-075, filed 8/4/92, effective 9/4/92.]



246-915-076
Temporary practice permitMilitary spouse.

A military spouse or state registered domestic partner of a military person may receive a temporary practice permit while completing any specific additional requirements that are not related to training or practice standards for the profession by meeting the procedural requirements found in WAC 246-12-051.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-076, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18.]



246-915-078
Interim permits.

(1) The department, upon approval by the board, will issue an interim permit authorizing an applicant for licensure who meets the minimum qualifications stated in RCW 18.74.030 to practice physical therapy under graduate supervision pending notification of the results of the first licensure examination for which the applicant is eligible. The duration of an interim permit must not exceed six months from the date of issuance.
(2) For purposes of this section, "graduate supervision" means supervision of a holder of an interim permit by a licensed physical therapist who is on the premises at all times. Graduate supervision must include consultation regarding evaluation, treatment plan, treatment program, and progress of each assigned patient at appropriate intervals and be documented by cosignature of notes by the licensed physical therapist. RCW 18.74.012 is not applicable for holders of interim permits.
(3) If the holder of the interim permit fails the NPTE, the permit expires upon notification and is not renewable.
(4) To obtain an interim permit, an applicant shall submit the following:
(a) Evidence of having obtained a physical therapy degree from a board approved school as stated in WAC 246-915-100 and 246-915-105;
(b) A completed physical therapist or physical therapist assistant license application; and
(c) The application fee under WAC 246-915-990 or 246-915-99005.
(5) The applicant shall also submit a completed department-approved interim permit sponsor form that provides:
(a) The name, location and telephone number of his or her place of employment;
(b) The name and license number of his or her supervising physical therapist; and
(c) Written confirmation from the supervising physical therapist attesting that he or she will:
(i) Remain on the premises at all times to provide graduate supervision as specified in RCW 18.74.075;
(ii) Report to the board any change in supervision or any change in location where services are provided within ten business days of the change;
(iii) Ensure that the holder of the interim permit wears identification showing his or her clinical title and role in the facility as a graduate physical therapist or graduate physical therapist assistant; and
(iv) Ensure that the holder of the interim permit ceases practice immediately upon notification of failing the NPTE; or
(v) Ensure that the holder of the interim permit obtains his or her physical therapist or physical therapist assistant license immediately upon notification of having passed the NPTE.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-078, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-078, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 (3), (6) and (7). WSR 04-13-052, § 246-915-078, filed 6/11/04, effective 7/12/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-078, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94.]



246-915-085
Continuing competency.

(1) Every two years, a physical therapist shall complete thirty-two hours of continuing education (CE) through any of the following means:
 
CE Type
Maximum Hours Allowed
Documentation Requirements
a.
Participation in a course, live or online.
No limit
Keep certificates of completion for each course, and, if not contained in the certificate of completion, information describing the course sponsors, the goals and objectives of the course, the credentials of the presenter as a recognized authority on the subject presented, dates of attendance, and total hours for all continuing education courses being reported.
b.
Live or recorded instructional electronic media that does not include specific goals and objectives relating to the practice of physical therapy.
Four hours
Instead of course goals, objectives and certificate of completion, the PT shall write and submit to the department a one-page synopsis in twelve-point font for each hour of running time.
c.
Books or articles reviewed.
Eight hours
(reading time only)
The PT shall write and submit to the department a one-page synopsis in twelve-point font for each hour of reading time. The time spent writing a synopsis is not reportable.
d.
Preparation and presentation of professional physical therapy courses or lectures.
Ten hours
The PT shall submit to the department an outline of presentation materials, date, and location of presentation.
e.
Written publication of original scholarly research or work published in a peer-review journal.
Ten hours
The PT shall submit to the department proof of publication which may include poster presentations.
f.
Clinical instruction of physical therapist students enrolled in a physical therapy program accredited by the American Physical Therapy Association's Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE) or clinical instruction in a postgraduate residency or fellowship through the American Board of Physical Therapy Residency and Fellowship Education (ABPTRFE).
Ten hours
The PT shall obtain and submit to the department a letter or certificate from the student's academic institution verifying that the student has completed the course of clinical instruction. Each thirty-two hours of student mentorship equals one hour for purposes of CE credit.
g.
Completion of Option, which is a self-assessment tool created by the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy.
Five hours
The PT shall submit a copy of the completion certificate to the department.
h.
Courses provided by an accredited institution of higher education which may include, but are not limited to, courses leading to an advanced degree in physical therapy or other courses that advance the PT's competence.
No limit
The PT shall submit a transcript to the department verifying courses taken. One quarter credit is equal to ten hours; one trimester is equal to twelve hours; and one semester credit is equal to fifteen hours.
i.
Participation in the use of the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy's aptitude continuing competence resource.
Two hours
The PT shall submit verification of completion by FSBPT.
(2) Every two years a physical therapist who holds a spinal manipulation endorsement shall complete at least ten hours of continuing education directly related to spinal manipulation with at least five hours related to procedural techniques and application of spinal manipulation. For documentation, refer to the documentation required for the particular type of continuing education chosen. The hours spent completing spinal manipulation continuing education count toward meeting any applicable continuing competency requirements.
(3) Every two years, a physical therapist assistant shall complete twenty-four hours of continuing education through any of the following means:
 
CE Type
Hours Allowed
Documentation Requirements
a.
Participation in a course, live or online.
No limit
Keep certificates of completion for each course, and, if not contained in the certificate of completion, information describing the course sponsors, the goals and objectives of the course, the credentials of the presenter as a recognized authority on the subject presented, dates of attendance, and total hours for all continuing education courses being reported.
b.
Live or recorded instructional electronic media that does not include specific goals and objectives relating to the practice of physical therapy.
Four hours
Instead of course goals, objectives and certificate of completion, the PTA shall write and submit a one-page synopsis in twelve-point font for each hour of running time.
c.
Books or articles reviewed.
Eight hours
(reading time only)
The PTA shall write and submit a one-page synopsis in twelve-point font for each hour of reading time. The time spent writing a synopsis is not reportable.
d.
Preparation and presentation of professional physical therapy courses or lectures.
Ten hours
The PTA shall submit an outline of presentation materials, date, and location of presentation.
e.
Written publication of original scholarly research or work published in a peer-review journal.
Ten hours
The PTA shall submit proof of publication which may include poster presentations.
f.
Clinical instruction of physical therapist assistant students enrolled in a physical therapy assistant program accredited by the American Physical Therapy Association's Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE) or clinical instruction in a postgraduate residency or fellowship through the American Board of Physical Therapy Residency and Fellowship Education (ABPTRFE).
Ten hours
The PTA shall obtain and submit a letter or certificate from the student's academic institution verifying that the student has completed the course of clinical instruction. For each thirty-two hours of student mentorship equaling one hour for purposes of CE credit.
g.
Completion of Option, which is a self-assessment tool created by the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy.
Five hours
The PTA shall submit a copy of the completion certificate.
h.
Courses provided by an accredited institution of higher education which may include, but are not limited to, courses leading to an advanced degree in physical therapy or other courses that advance the PTA's competence.
No limit
The PTA shall submit a transcript verifying courses taken. One quarter credit is equal to ten hours; one trimester credit is equal to twelve hours; and one semester credit is equal to fifteen hours.
i.
Participation in the use of the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy's aptitude continuing competence resource.
Two hours
The PTA shall submit verification of completion by FSBPT.
(4) Each physical therapist and physical therapist assistant shall complete a one-time, three hour suicide assessment training described in WAC 246-915-086.
(5) Every two years, each physical therapist and physical therapist assistant shall complete two hundred hours involving the application of physical therapy knowledge and skills which may be obtained in the clinical practice of physical therapy or in the nonclinical activities which include, but are not limited to, the following:
 
Clinical Activities
Hours Allowed
Documentation
a.
Physical therapy clinical practice.
No limit
Documentation of physical therapy employment, the PT or PTA shall provide copies of employment records or other proof acceptable to the board of employment for the hours being reported.
 
Nonclinical Activities
Hours Allowed (within the two hundred hours required)
Documentation
b.
Physical therapy teaching of:
• Patient/client management, prevention and wellness.
• Physical therapy ethics and standards of practice.
• Professional advocacy/involvement.
No limit
The PT or PTA shall provide documentation of such activities as acceptable to the board.
c.
Active service on boards or participation in professional or government organizations specifically related to the practice of physical therapy.
No limit
The PT or PTA shall provide documentation of such activities as acceptable to the board.
d.
Developing course work in physical therapy schools or education programs or physical therapy continuing education courses.
No limit
The PT or PTA shall provide documentation of such activities as acceptable to the board.
e.
Physical therapy research as a principal or associate researcher.
No limit
The PT or PTA shall provide documentation of such activities as acceptable to the board.
f.
Physical therapy consulting.
No limit
The PT or PTA shall provide documentation of such activities as acceptable to the board.
g.
Management of physical therapy services.
No limit
The PT or PTA shall provide documentation of such activities as acceptable to the board.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-085, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and 43.70.442. WSR 15-14-093, § 246-915-085, filed 6/29/15, effective 7/1/15. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-085, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(4). WSR 04-08-101, § 246-915-085, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280. WSR 98-05-060, § 246-915-085, filed 2/13/98, effective 3/16/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-085, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94.]



246-915-086
Suicide assessment training standards.

(1) A qualifying training in suicide assessment must:
(a) Be an empirically supported training in suicide assessment that includes screening and referral;
(b) Be provided by a single provider and must be at least three hours in length which may be provided in one or more sessions;
(c) Beginning July 1, 2017, be taken from a provider listed on the department's suicide prevention training model list.
(2) The hours spent completing a training program in suicide assessment under this section count toward meeting any applicable continued competency requirements.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-086, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and 43.70.442. WSR 15-14-093, § 246-915-086, filed 6/29/15, effective 7/1/15.]



246-915-100
Approved physical therapist schools.

The board adopts the standards of the CAPTE for the approval of physical therapy schools. Individuals who have a baccalaureate degree in physical therapy or who have a baccalaureate degree and a certificate or advanced degree from an institution of higher learning accredited by the CAPTE or a United States military physical therapy technician program that is substantially equivalent to an accredited United States physical therapist program accredited by the CAPTE will be considered qualified for licensure under RCW 18.74.030.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-100, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 05-06-020, § 246-915-100, filed 2/22/05, effective 3/25/05; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-100, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 85-10-002 (Order PL 525), § 308-42-122, filed 4/18/85.]



246-915-105
Approved physical therapist assistant schools.

A board approved physical therapist assistant program shall mean a United States physical therapist assistant education program accredited by the CAPTE or a United States military physical therapy technician program that is substantially equivalent to an accredited United States physical therapist assistant program. This program must be accredited by the CAPTE.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-105, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 05-06-021, § 246-915-105, filed 2/22/05, effective 3/25/05.]



246-915-110
AIDS education and training.

Applicants must complete seven clock hours of AIDS education as required in chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 8.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280. WSR 98-05-060, § 246-915-110, filed 2/13/98, effective 3/16/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-110, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-110, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3). WSR 88-23-014 (Order PM 789), § 308-42-123, filed 11/7/88.]



246-915-120
Foreign educated applicants.

(1) An applicant whose first professional degree in physical therapy was awarded from a foreign physical therapy program that is not or was not accredited by the CAPTE shall submit:
(a) An application for review by the board;
(b) A credentials evaluation report of professional education and training prepared by a board-approved credentials evaluation agency. The report must be sent directly from the credentialing agency to the board. It is the responsibility of the applicant to pay the expenses associated with the credentials evaluation:
(i) The report must provide evidence and documentation that the applicant completed education outside a state or territory of the United States that is substantially equivalent to the education of a physical therapist who graduated from a physical therapy education program accredited by CAPTE.
(ii) To be approved as a credentialing agency, the agency must use the appropriate course work tool (CWT) adopted by the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy to determine substantial equivalency. The appropriate CWT means the CWT in place at the time the foreign educated physical therapist earned their first professional degree in physical therapy.
(c) Evidence of English language proficiency:
(i) Verification that English is the native language of the country of origin, and the physical therapy program employs English as the language of training; or
(ii) Verification that the applicant has achieved a score of not less than five hundred sixty on the paper Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or a score of not less than two hundred twenty on the computer Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), a score of not less than fifty on the Test of Spoken English (TSE) and a score of not less than four and one-half on the Test of Written English (TWE); or
(iii) Verification that the applicant has achieved the following minimum scores for each category of the internet-based TOEFL (ibTOEFL) examination: Writing, twenty-four; speaking, twenty-six; reading, twenty-one; listening, eighteen; with an overall score of not less than eighty-nine. These passing scores must all be earned during the same test sitting.
(d) Verification of a valid, unencumbered license or authorization to practice physical therapy in the country in which the physical therapy education was obtained;
(e) Official transcripts from the physical therapy program showing degree date;
(f) Passing scores for the Washington jurisprudence examination;
(g) Passing scores for the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE); and
(h) Any additional supporting documentation as requested by the board.
(2) The applicant shall have received a grade of "C" or higher (or equivalent) in all professional education course work;
(3) The applicant may apply for the college-level education program (CLEP) and their scores may be applied toward college credit. The board will consider the conversion of CLEP scores to college credits provided by a board-approved credentialing agency;
(4) The board may allow applicants to correct general education deficiencies by completing board-approved course work. To obtain professional course work preapproval, the applicant shall submit a written request along with the course description/syllabus for the proposed course; and
(5) An applicant whose first professional degree in physical therapy was awarded from a foreign physical therapy program that is or was accredited by the CAPTE shall follow the requirements under WAC 246-915-030 and 246-915-100.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-120, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-120, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 07-07-066, § 246-915-120, filed 3/15/07, effective 4/15/07; WSR 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-120, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94; WSR 93-04-081 (Order 328B), § 246-915-120, filed 2/1/93, effective 3/4/93; WSR 92-08-039 (Order 259B), § 246-915-120, filed 3/24/92, effective 4/24/92; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-120, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 84-13-057 (Order PL 471), § 308-42-125, filed 6/19/84.]



246-915-130
Initial evaluationReferralRecommendationsFollow-up.

(1) Initial evaluation of a patient shall include history, patient's chief complaint, examination, and recommendation for treatment.
(a) Direct referral of a patient by an authorized health care practitioner may be by telephone, letter, email, fax, or in person;
(b) If the instructions are oral, the physical therapist may administer treatment accordingly, but shall make a notation in the patient record describing the nature of the treatment, the date administered, the name of the patient receiving treatment, and the name of the referring authorized health care practitioner.
(2) The physical therapist will follow-up each patient visit with the appropriate recordkeeping as defined in WAC 246-915-200.
(3) For patient reevaluations the licensed physical therapist shall at a minimum visually see the patient.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-130, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-130, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-130, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 84-13-057 (Order PL 471), § 308-42-130, filed 6/19/84.]



246-915-140
Personnel identification.

(1) Each person shall wear identification showing his or her clinical title, and their role in the facility as a physical therapist, a physical therapist assistant, a physical therapy aide, a graduate physical therapist, or a graduate physical therapist assistant as appropriate. Trained supportive personnel may not use any term or designation which indicates or implies that he or she is licensed as a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant in the state of Washington.
(2) The physical therapist or physical therapist assistant shall post the license or interim permit, or a copy of the license or interim permit, or a printout from the department's provider credential search web site, in a safe, conspicuous location at the physical therapist's or physical therapist assistant's work site. The physical therapist or physical therapist assistant may block out his or her address before posting the license or interim permit.
If the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant does not have a principal place of business or conducts business in any other location, he or she shall have a copy of his or her license available for inspection while performing services within his or her authorized scope of practice.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-140, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 (3), (6) and (7). WSR 04-13-052, § 246-915-140, filed 6/11/04, effective 7/12/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-140, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-140, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-140, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 84-17-032 (Order PL 477), § 308-42-135, filed 8/8/84.]



246-915-180
Professional conduct principles.

(1) The patient's lawful consent is to be obtained before any information related to the patient is released, except to the consulting or referring authorized health care practitioner and/or authorized governmental agency(s).
(a) Physical therapists are responsible for answering legitimate inquiries regarding a patient's physical dysfunction and treatment progress, and
(b) Information is to be provided by physical therapists and physical therapist assistants to insurance companies for billing purposes only.
(2) Physical therapists and physical therapist assistants are not to compensate or to give anything of value to a representative of the press, radio, television, or other communication medium in anticipation of, or in return for, professional publicity in a news item. A paid advertisement is to be identified as such unless it is apparent from the context it is a paid advertisement.
(3) It is the physical therapist's and physical therapist assistant's responsibility to report any unprofessional, incompetent or illegal acts that are in violation of chapter 18.74 RCW or any rules established by the board.
(4) It is the physical therapist's and physical therapist assistant's responsibility to recognize the boundaries of his or her own professional competencies and that he or she uses only those in which he or she can prove training and experience.
(5) Physical therapists and physical therapist assistants shall recognize the need for continuing education and shall be open to new procedures and changes.
(6) It is the physical therapist's and physical therapist assistant's responsibility to represent his or her academic credentials in a way that is not misleading to the public.
(7) It is the responsibility of the physical therapist and physical therapist assistant to refrain from undertaking any activity in which his or her personal problems are likely to lead to inadequate performance or harm to a client and/or colleague.
(8) A physical therapist and physical therapist assistant shall not use or allow to be used any form of public communication or advertising connected with his or her profession or in his or her professional capacity as a physical therapist which:
(a) Is false, fraudulent, deceptive, or misleading;
(b) Guarantees any treatment or result;
(c) Makes claims of professional superiority.
(9) Physical therapists and physical therapist assistants are to recognize that each individual is different from all other individuals and to be tolerant of and responsive to those differences.
(10) Physical therapists shall not receive reimbursement for evaluating or treating him or herself.
(11) Physical therapists shall only delegate physical therapy tasks to trained supportive personnel as defined in WAC 246-915-010 (4)(a) and (b).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-180, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 05-06-023, § 246-915-180, filed 2/22/05, effective 3/25/05; WSR 92-08-039 (Order 259B), § 246-915-180, filed 3/24/92, effective 4/24/92; WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-180, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-180, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 84-13-057 (Order PL 471), § 308-42-150, filed 6/19/84.]



246-915-181
Supervision responsibilities.

A physical therapist is professionally and legally responsible for patient care given by assistive personnel under his or her supervision. If a physical therapist fails to adequately supervise patient care given by assistive personnel, the board may take disciplinary action against the physical therapist.
(1) Regardless of the setting in which physical therapy services are provided, only the licensed physical therapist may perform the following responsibilities:
(a) Interpretation of referrals;
(b) Initial examination, problem identification, and diagnosis for physical therapy;
(c) Development or modification of a plan of care that is based on the initial examination and includes the goals for physical therapy intervention;
(d) Determination of which tasks require the expertise and decision-making capacity of the physical therapist and shall be personally rendered by the physical therapist, and which tasks may be delegated;
(e) Assurance of the qualifications of all assistive personnel to perform assigned tasks through written documentation of their education or training that is maintained and available at all times;
(f) Delegation and instruction of the services to be rendered by the physical therapist, physical therapist assistant, or physical therapy aide including, but not limited to, specific tasks or procedures, precautions, special problems, and contraindicated procedures;
(g) Timely review of documentation, reexamination of the patient, and revision of the plan of care when indicated;
(h) Establishment of a discharge plan.
(2) Supervision requires that the patient reevaluation is performed:
(a) Every fifth visit, or if treatment is performed more than five times per week, reevaluation must be performed at least once a week;
(b) When there is any change in the patient's condition not consistent with planned progress or treatment goals.
(3) Patient reexamination means the licensed physical therapist shall physically observe and interview the patient and reexamine the patient as necessary during an episode of care to evaluate progress or change in patient status and modify the plan of care accordingly or discontinue physical therapy services.
(4) For patient reevaluations the licensed physical therapist shall at a minimum visually see the patient.
(5) Supervision of assistive personnel means:
(a) Physical therapist assistants may function under direct or indirect supervision;
(b) Physical therapy aides shall function under direct supervision;
(c) The physical therapist may supervise a total of two assistive personnel at any one time;
(d) In addition to the two assistive personnel authorized in (c) of this subsection, the physical therapist may supervise a total of two persons who are pursuing a course of study leading to a degree as a physical therapist or a physical therapist assistant.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-181, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18.]



246-915-182
Unprofessional conductSexual misconduct.

(1) A physical therapist or a physical therapist assistant shall not engage, or attempt to engage, in sexual misconduct with a current patient, client, or key party, as defined in WAC 246-16-020, inside or outside the health care setting. Sexual misconduct shall constitute grounds for disciplinary action. Sexual misconduct includes, but is not limited to:
(a) Sexual intercourse;
(b) Touching the breasts, genitals, anus or any sexualized body part except as consistent with accepted community standards of practice for examination, diagnosis and treatment and within the health care practitioner's scope of practice;
(c) Rubbing against a patient or client or key party for sexual gratification;
(d) Kissing;
(e) Hugging, touching, fondling or caressing of a romantic or sexual nature;
(f) Examination of or touching genitals without using gloves;
(g) Not allowing a patient or client privacy to dress or undress except as may be necessary in emergencies or custodial situations;
(h) Not providing the patient or client a gown or draping except as may be necessary in emergencies;
(i) Dressing or undressing in the presence of the patient, client or key party;
(j) Removing patient or client's clothing or gown or draping without consent, emergent medical necessity, or being in a custodial setting;
(k) Encouraging masturbation or other sex act in the presence of the health care provider;
(l) Masturbation or other sex act by the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant in the presence of the patient, client or key party;
(m) Suggesting or discussing the possibility of a dating, sexual, or romantic relationship after the professional relationship ends;
(n) Terminating a professional relationship for the purpose of dating or pursuing a romantic or sexual relationship;
(o) Soliciting a date with a patient, client, or key party;
(p) Discussing the sexual history, preferences or fantasies of the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant;
(q) Any behavior, gestures, or expressions that may reasonably be interpreted as seductive or sexual;
(r) Making statements regarding the patient, client, or key party's body, appearance, sexual history, or sexual orientation other than for legitimate health care purposes;
(s) Sexually demeaning behavior including any verbal or physical contact which may reasonably be interpreted as demeaning, humiliating, embarrassing, threatening or harming a patient, client, or key party;
(t) Photographing or filming the body or any body part or pose of a patient, client, or key party, other than for legitimate health care purposes; and
(u) Showing a patient, client, or key party sexually explicit photographs, other than for legitimate health care purposes.
(2) Sexual misconduct also includes sexual contact with any person involving force, intimidation, or lack of consent, or a conviction of a sex offense as defined in RCW 9.94A.030.
(3) A physical therapist or physical therapist assistant shall not:
(a) Offer to provide health care services in exchange for sexual favors;
(b) Use health care information to contact the patient, client, or key party for the purpose of engaging in sexual misconduct;
(c) Use health care information or access to health care information to meet or attempt to meet the physical therapist's or physical therapist assistant's sexual needs.
(4) A physical therapist or physical therapist assistant shall not engage, or attempt to engage, in the activities listed in subsection (1) of this section with a former patient, client or key party within two years after the provider-patient/client relationship ends.
(5) After the two-year period of time described in subsection (4) of this section, a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant shall not engage, or attempt to engage, in the activities listed in subsection (1) of this section if:
(a) There is a significant likelihood that the patient, client or key party will seek or require additional services from the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant; or
(b) There is an imbalance of power, influence, opportunity, or special knowledge of the professional relationship.
(6) When evaluating whether a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant is prohibited from engaging, or attempting to engage, in sexual misconduct, the board will consider factors including, but not limited to:
(a) Documentation of a formal termination and the circumstances of termination of the provider-patient relationship;
(b) Transfer of care to another health care provider;
(c) Duration of the provider-patient relationship;
(d) Amount of time that has passed since the last health care services to the patient;
(e) Communication between the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant and the patient or client between the last health care services rendered and commencement of the personal relationship;
(f) Extent to which the patient's personal or private information was shared with the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant;
(g) Nature of the patient's or client's health condition during and since the professional relationship;
(h) The patient's or client's emotional dependence and vulnerability; and
(i) Normal revisit cycle for the profession and service.
(7) Patient, client, or key party initiation or consent does not excuse or negate the physical therapist's or physical therapist assistant's responsibility.
(8) These rules do not prohibit:
(a) Providing health care services in case of emergency where the services cannot or will not be provided by another health care provider;
(b) Contact that is necessary for a legitimate health care purpose and that meets the standard of care appropriate to that profession; or
(c) Providing health care services for a legitimate health care purpose to a person who is in a preexisting, established personal relationship with the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant where there is no evidence of, or potential for, exploiting the patient or client.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-182, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-182, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3), 18.74.025, 18.130.050(1), and 18.130.180(24). WSR 04-08-102, § 246-915-182, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04.]



246-915-185
Standards for appropriateness of physical therapy care.

(1) Appropriate, skilled physical therapy treatment is treatment which is reasonable in terms of accepted physical therapy practice, and necessary to recovery of function by the patient. The use of a nontraditional treatment by itself shall not constitute unprofessional conduct, provided that it does not result in injury to a patient or create an unreasonable risk that a patient may be harmed.
(2) Appropriate physical therapy services must be of such a level of complexity and sophistication, or the condition of the patient must be such, that the services required can be safely and effectively performed only by a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant under supervision of a physical therapist.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-185, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 92-08-039 (Order 259B), § 246-915-185, filed 3/24/92, effective 4/24/92.]



246-915-187
Use of telehealth in the practice of physical therapy.

(1) Licensed physical therapists and physical therapist assistants may provide physical therapy via telehealth following all requirements for standard of care, including those defined in chapter 18.74 RCW and this chapter.
(2) The physical therapist or physical therapist assistant shall identify in the clinical record that the physical therapy occurred via telehealth.
(3) For the purposes of this section:
(a) "Telehealth" means providing physical therapy via electronic communication where the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant and the patient are not at the same physical location.
(b) "Electronic communication" means the use of interactive, secure multimedia equipment that includes, at a minimum, audio and video equipment permitting two-way, real time interactive communication between the physical therapist or the physical therapist assistant and the patient.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-187, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and 18.74.025. WSR 11-05-026, § 246-915-187, filed 2/7/11, effective 3/10/11.]



246-915-190
Division of feesRebatingFinancial interestEndorsement.

A physical therapist or physical therapist assistant shall comply with chapter 19.68 RCW.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-190, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-190, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-190, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 84-13-057 (Order PL 471), § 308-42-155, filed 6/19/84.]



246-915-200
Physical therapy records.

In order to maintain the integrity of physical therapy practice, the physical therapist is responsible for obtaining all necessary information, such as medical history, contraindications, or any special instructions from an authorized health care practitioner. The evaluation and treatment plan must be written according to acceptable physical therapy practice consistent with the delegated health care task. Records must be maintained and include date of treatment, treatment record, and signature of person responsible for the treatment.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-200, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 92-08-039 (Order 259B), § 246-915-200, filed 3/24/92, effective 4/24/92; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-200, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91; WSR 84-17-032 (Order PL 477), § 308-42-160, filed 8/8/84.]



246-915-210
Mandatory reportingGeneral provisions.

The board adopts the model rules for mandatory reporting as contained in chapter 246-16 WAC.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-210, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023(3) and 18.130.070. WSR 04-08-100, § 246-915-210, filed 4/6/04, effective 5/7/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 91-05-094 (Order 144B), § 246-915-210, filed 2/20/91, effective 3/23/91; WSR 91-02-011 (Order 103B), recodified as § 246-915-210, filed 12/21/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.130.070. WSR 87-18-040 (Order PM 675), § 308-42-210, filed 8/28/87.]



246-915-300
Philosophy governing voluntary substance abuse monitoring programs.

The board recognizes the need to establish a means of proactively providing early recognition and treatment options for physical therapists and physical therapist assistants whose competency may be impaired due to the abuse of drugs or alcohol. The board intends that such physical therapists and physical therapist assistants be treated and their treatment monitored so that they can return to or continue to practice their profession in a way which safeguards the public. To accomplish this the board shall approve voluntary substance abuse monitoring programs. The Washington recovery and monitoring program (WRAMP) is the board's approved substance abuse monitoring program under RCW 18.130.175. The board may refer physical therapists and physical therapist assistants impaired by substance abuse to WRAMP as an alternative to instituting, or in connection with, disciplinary proceedings as defined in RCW 18.130.160.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-300, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-300, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 91-14-006 (Order 178B), § 246-915-300, filed 6/21/91, effective 7/22/91.]



246-915-310
Terms used in WAC 246-915-300 through 246-915-330.

(1) "Monitoring contract" is a comprehensive, structured agreement between the recovering physical therapist or physical therapist assistant and WRAMP defining the requirements of the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant program participation.
(2) "Approved treatment facility" is a facility certified by the division of behavioral health and recovery (DBHR), department of social and health services, according to chapters 388-877 through 388-877B WAC that meets the defined standards. Drug and alcohol treatment facilities located out-of-state must have substantially equivalent standards.
(3) "Substance abuse" or "substance use disorder" means a chronic progressive illness that involves the use of alcohol or other drugs to a degree that it interferes with the functional life of the PT or PTA, as manifested by health, family, job (professional services), legal, financial, or emotional problems.
(4) "Aftercare" means a period of time after intensive treatment that provides the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant and the physical therapist's or physical therapist assistant's family with group or individual counseling sessions, discussions with other families, ongoing contact and participation in self-help groups and ongoing continued support of treatment program staff.
(5) "Support group" is a group of health care professionals meeting regularly to support the recovery of its members. The group provides a confidential setting with a trained and experienced health care professional facilitator in which physical therapists or physical therapist assistants may safely discuss drug diversion, licensure issues, return to work and other professional issues related to recovery.
(6) "Recovery-oriented group" means a group such as alcoholics anonymous, narcotics anonymous, and related organizations based on a philosophy of anonymity, belief in a power outside of oneself, a peer group association, and self-help.
(7) "Random drug screens" are laboratory tests to detect the presence of drugs of abuse in body fluids and other biologic specimens, which are performed at irregular intervals not known in advance by the person being tested.
(8) "Health care professional" is an individual who is licensed, certified or registered in Washington to engage in the delivery of health care to patients.
(9) "WRAMP" is the approved substance abuse monitoring program as described in RCW 18.130.175 that meets criteria established by the board. WRAMP does not provide evaluation or treatment services.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-310, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-310, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 91-14-006 (Order 178B), § 246-915-310, filed 6/21/91, effective 7/22/91.]



246-915-320
Approval of substance abuse monitoring programs.

(1) WRAMP is the board approved monitoring program. WRAMP will employ staff with the qualifications and knowledge of both substance abuse and the practice of physical therapy as defined in this chapter to be able to evaluate:
(a) Clinical laboratories;
(b) Laboratory results;
(c) Providers of substance abuse treatment, both individuals and facilities;
(d) Support groups;
(e) The physical therapy work environment; and
(f) The ability of the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant to practice with reasonable skill and safety.
(2) WRAMP will enter into a monitoring contract with the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant and the board to oversee the physical therapist's or physical therapist assistant's required recovery activities.
(3) WRAMP may make exceptions to individual components of the contract that may be made on an individual basis as needed.
(4) WRAMP will determine, on an individual basis, whether a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant will be prohibited from engaging in the practice of physical therapy for a period of time and restrictions, if any, on the physical therapist's or physical therapist assistant's access to controlled substances in the work place.
(5) WRAMP will maintain records on participants.
(6) WRAMP will be responsible for providing feedback to the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant as to whether treatment progress is acceptable.
(7) WRAMP will report to the board any physical therapist or physical therapist assistant who fails to comply with the requirement of the monitoring program.
(8) The board approves WRAMP's procedures on treatment, monitoring, and limitations on the practice of physical therapy for those participating in the program.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-320, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-320, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 91-14-006 (Order 178B), § 246-915-320, filed 6/21/91, effective 7/22/91.]



246-915-330
Participation in approved substance abuse monitoring program.

(1) Any physical therapist or physical therapist assistant participating in the substance abuse monitoring program shall:
(a) Undergo a complete psychosocial evaluation before entering the approved monitoring program. This evaluation will be performed by health care professional(s) with expertise in substance use disorder. The person(s) performing the evaluation shall not also be the provider of the recommended treatment.
(b) Enter into a contract with WRAMP which shall include, but not be limited to, the following terms, which require the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant to:
(i) Undergo the recommended level of treatment in an approved treatment facility, including aftercare.
(ii) Abstain from all mind-altering substances including alcohol and cannabis except for medications prescribed by an authorized prescriber, as defined in RCW 69.41.030 and 69.50.101.
(iii) Complete any prescribed aftercare program of the intensive treatment facility, which may include individual or group psychotherapy.
(iv) Cause the treatment counselor(s) to provide reports to the approved monitoring program at specified intervals. Reports must include treatment, prognosis and goals.
(v) Complete random or for cause drug screening as specified by WRAMP.
(vi) Attend support groups facilitated by a health care professional or recovery-oriented group meetings as specified by the monitoring contract.
(vii) Comply with specified employment conditions and restrictions as defined by the monitoring contract.
(viii) Agree in writing to allow WRAMP to release information to the board if the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant does not comply with the requirements of the monitoring contract or is unable to practice with reasonable skill and safety.
(ix) Pay the costs of the substance use disorder evaluation, substance abuse treatment, and random drug screens.
(x) Sign any requested release of information authorizations.
(2) When referred to WRAMP in lieu of discipline, the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant shall enter into a referral contract with the board. The board may take disciplinary action against the license of the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant under RCW 18.130.160 based on the violation by the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant of the referral contract.
(3) A physical therapist or physical therapist assistant may voluntarily participate in WRAMP in accordance with RCW 18.130.175(2) without first being referred to WRAMP by the board.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-330, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-330, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08; WSR 91-14-006 (Order 178B), § 246-915-330, filed 6/21/91, effective 7/22/91.]



246-915-340
Adjudicative proceedings.

The board adopts the model procedural rules for adjudicative proceedings as adopted by the department of health and contained in chapter 246-11 WAC, including subsequent amendments.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 94-05-014 (Order 403B), § 246-915-340, filed 2/4/94, effective 3/7/94.]



246-915-350
Inactive credential.

(1) A physical therapist or physical therapist assistant may obtain an inactive credential as described in chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 4.
(2) A physical therapist or physical therapist assistant with an inactive credential for three years or less who wishes to return to active status shall meet the requirements of chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 4.
(3) A physical therapist or physical therapist assistant with an inactive credential for more than three years, who have been in active practice in another United States jurisdiction, and wishes to return to active status shall:
(a) Submit verification of active practice from any other United States jurisdiction; and
(b) Meet the requirements of chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 4.
(4) A physical therapist or physical therapist assistant with an inactive credential for more than three years, but less than five years, who has not been in active practice in another United States jurisdiction, and wishes to return to active status shall:
(a) Successfully pass the NPTE as provided in RCW 18.74.035. The board may waive reexamination if the physical therapist or physical therapist assistant presents evidence of continuing competency satisfactory to the board; and
(b) Shall meet the requirements of chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 4.
(5) A physical therapist or physical therapist assistant with an inactive credential for five years or longer, who has not been in active practice in another United States jurisdiction, and wishes to return to active status shall:
(a) Meet the requirements of chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 4; and
(b) Successfully retake and pass the NPTE as provided in RCW 18.74.035.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-350, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023. WSR 08-17-026, § 246-915-350, filed 8/13/08, effective 8/13/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.073. WSR 05-09-003, § 246-915-350, filed 4/7/05, effective 5/8/05.]



246-915-360
Sharp debridement education and training.

Licensed physical therapists may perform sharp debridement upon showing evidence of adequate education and training. Physical therapists shall not delegate sharp debridement. The board will accept the following as adequate education and training:
(1) Twenty hours of mentored sharp debridement training in a clinical setting that includes observation, cotreatment, supervised treatment, and a case mix similar to the physical therapists' expected practice.
(2) Certification as a wound care specialist by the American Academy of Wound Management; the National Alliance of Wound Care; or other organizations approved by the board, meets the requirements of this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-360, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023, 18.74.010(11), and 18.74.160. WSR 06-18-044, § 246-915-360, filed 8/30/06, effective 9/30/06.]



246-915-370
Electroneuromyographic examinations education and training.

A physical therapist may perform electroneuromyographic (EMG) examinations, which may include needle EMG and nerve conduction studies, to test neuromuscular function only if the physical therapist has received a referral from an authorized health care practitioner identified in RCW 18.74.010(1) and only upon demonstrating education and training in EMG examinations. The performance of tests of neuromuscular function includes the performance of electroneuromyographic examinations. The board will accept the following as evidence of education and training:
(1) A minimum of four hundred hours of instruction in electroneuromyographic examinations including at least two hundred needle EMG studies under direct supervision from a qualified provider. A qualified provider includes a physical therapist with board certification in clinical electrophysiology from the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties, a neurologist, or a physiatrist; or
(2) A person who is board certified in clinical electrophysiology from the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties meets the requirements of this section.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and chapter 18.74 RCW, RCW 18.340.020. WSR 18-15-067, § 246-915-370, filed 7/17/18, effective 8/17/18. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023, 18.74.010(11), and 18.74.160. WSR 06-18-044, § 246-915-370, filed 8/30/06, effective 9/30/06.]



246-915-380
Spinal manipulationEndorsement. (Effective July 1, 2015, until June 30, 2020.)

(1) A physical therapist may perform spinal manipulation only after being issued a spinal manipulation endorsement by the secretary. The secretary, upon approval by the board, shall issue an endorsement to a physical therapist who has at least one year of full-time, orthopedic, postgraduate practice experience that consists of direct patient care, averaging at least thirty-six hours a week, and who provides evidence in a manner acceptable to the board of all of the following additional requirements:
(a) Training in differential diagnosis of no less than one hundred hours outlined within a course curriculum;
(b) Didactic and practical training related to the delivery of spinal manipulative procedures of no less than two hundred fifty hours clearly delineated and outlined in a course curriculum;
(c) Specific training in spinal diagnostic imaging of no less than one hundred fifty hours outlined in a course curriculum; and
(d) At least three hundred hours of supervised clinical practical experience in spinal manipulative procedures. The supervised clinical practical experience must:
(i) Be supervised by a clinical supervisor who:
(A) Holds a spinal manipulation endorsement under this section;
(B) Is a licensed chiropractor or osteopathic physician and surgeon; or
(C) Holds an endorsement or advanced certification the training requirements for which are commensurate with the training requirements as specified in WAC 246-915-382;
(ii) Be under the close supervision of the clinical supervisor for a minimum of the first one hundred fifty hours of the supervised clinical practical experience, after which the supervised clinical practical experience must be under the direct supervision of the clinical supervisor;
(iii) Be completed within eighteen months of completing the educational requirements in (a) through (c) of this subsection, unless the physical therapist has completed the educational requirements in (a) through (c) of this subsection prior to July 1, 2015, in which case the supervised clinical practical experience must be completed by January 1, 2017.
(2) A physical therapist holding a spinal manipulation endorsement under subsection (1) of this section shall consult with a health care practitioner, other than a physical therapist, authorized to perform spinal manipulation if spinal manipulative procedures are required beyond six treatments.
(3) A physical therapist holding a spinal manipulation endorsement under subsection (1) of this section may not:
(a) Have a practice in which spinal manipulation constitutes the majority of the services provided;
(b) Practice or utilize chiropractic manipulative therapy in any form;
(c) Delegate spinal manipulation; or
(d) Bill a health carrier for spinal manipulation separately from, or in addition to, other physical therapy procedures.
(4) A physical therapist holding a spinal manipulation endorsement under this section shall complete continuing education directly related to spinal manipulation as specified in WAC 246-915-085.
(5) If a physical therapist is intending to perform spinal manipulation on a patient who the physical therapist knows is being treated by a chiropractor for the same diagnosis, the physical therapist shall make reasonable efforts to coordinate patient care with the chiropractor to prevent conflict or duplication of services.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and 43.70.442. WSR 15-14-093, § 246-915-380, filed 6/29/15, effective 7/1/15.]



246-915-381
Spinal manipulationEndorsement. (Effective July 1, 2020.)

(1) A physical therapist may perform spinal manipulation only after being issued a spinal manipulation endorsement by the secretary. The secretary, upon approval by the board, shall issue an endorsement to a physical therapist who has at least one year of full-time, orthopedic, postgraduate practice experience that consists of direct patient care and averages at least thirty-six hours a week and who provides evidence in a manner acceptable to the board of all of the following additional requirements:
(a) Training in differential diagnosis of no less than one hundred hours outlined within a course curriculum;
(b) Didactic and practical training related to the delivery of spinal manipulative procedures of no less than two hundred fifty hours clearly delineated and outlined in a course curriculum;
(c) Specific training in spinal diagnostic imaging of no less than one hundred fifty hours outlined in a course curriculum; and
(d) At least three hundred hours of supervised clinical practical experience in spinal manipulative procedures. The supervised clinical practical experience must:
(i) Be supervised by a clinical supervisor who:
(A) Holds a spinal manipulation endorsement under this section; or
(B) Is a licensed chiropractor or osteopathic physician and surgeon;
(ii) Be under the close supervision of the clinical supervisor for a minimum of the first one hundred fifty hours of the supervised clinical practical experience, after which the supervised clinical practical experience must be under the direct supervision of the clinical supervisor.
(iii) Be completed within eighteen months of completing the educational requirements in (a) through (c) of this subsection, unless the physical therapist has completed the educational requirements in (a) through (c) of this subsection prior to July 1, 2015, in which case the supervised clinical practical experience must be completed by January 1, 2017.
(2) A physical therapist holding a spinal manipulation endorsement under subsection (1) of this section shall consult with a health care practitioner, other than a physical therapist, authorized to perform spinal manipulation if spinal manipulative procedures are required beyond six treatments.
(3) A physical therapist holding a spinal manipulation endorsement under subsection (1) of this section may not:
(a) Have a practice in which spinal manipulation constitutes the majority of the services provided;
(b) Practice or utilize chiropractic manipulative therapy in any form;
(c) Delegate spinal manipulation; or
(d) Bill a health carrier for spinal manipulation separately from, or in addition to, other physical therapy procedures.
(4) A physical therapist holding a spinal manipulation endorsement under this section shall complete continuing education directly related to spinal manipulation as specified in WAC 246-915-085.
(5) If a physical therapist is intending to perform spinal manipulation on a patient who the physical therapist knows is being treated by a chiropractor for the same diagnosis, the physical therapist shall make reasonable efforts to coordinate patient care with the chiropractor to prevent conflict or duplication of services.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and 43.70.442. WSR 15-14-093, § 246-915-381, filed 6/29/15, effective 7/1/15.]



246-915-382
Spinal manipulationClinical supervisor. (Effective July 1, 2015, until June 30, 2020.)

To qualify as a clinical supervisor under WAC 246-915-380 (1)(d)(i)(C), a person must be a licensed physical therapist who holds an endorsement or advanced certification for which the training requirements are commensurate with the training requirements in WAC 246-915-380 (1)(a) through (d) and have at least one of the following credentials:
(1) Orthopedic Manual Therapy Fellowship/Fellow American Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy designation trained under an American Board of Physical Therapy residencies and Fellowship Education.
(2) Orthopedic Physical Therapy Residency trained under an American Board of Physical Therapy residencies and Fellowship Education credentialed program.
(3) Orthopedic Certified Specialist/Orthopedic Clinical Specialist designation (American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties).
(4) Orthopedic manual physical therapy certification as a:
(a) Certified Functional Manual Therapist at the Institute of Physical Art; or
(b) Certified Manual Physical Therapist at the North American Institute of Orthopaedic Manual Therapy; or
(c) Certified Orthopedic Manual Therapist at the:
(i) Maitland Australian Physiotherapy Seminars; or
(ii) North American Institute of Orthopaedic Manual Therapy; or
(iii) Ola Grimsby Institute; or
(d) Therapist with a Manual Therapy Certification from:
(i) Evidence in Motion; or
(ii) The University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences; or
(e) Other certifications approved by the board.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.023 and 43.70.442. WSR 15-14-093, § 246-915-382, filed 6/29/15, effective 7/1/15.]



246-915-990
Physical therapy fees and renewal cycle.

(1) Licenses must be renewed every year on the practitioner's birthday as provided in chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 2.
(2) The following nonrefundable fees will be charged:
Title of Fee
Fee
Original application
 
 
Application
$65.00
Active license renewal
 
 
License renewal
50.00
 
Late renewal penalty
50.00
 
Expired license reissuance
50.00
Inactive license renewal
 
 
License renewal
35.00
 
Expired license reissuance
50.00
Duplicate license
15.00
Verification of license
25.00
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280. WSR 15-19-149, § 246-915-990, filed 9/22/15, effective 1/1/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.110, 43.70.250, 2008 c 329. WSR 08-15-014, § 246-915-990, filed 7/7/08, effective 7/7/08. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.250, [43.70.]280 and 43.70.110. WSR 05-12-012, § 246-915-990, filed 5/20/05, effective 7/1/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.74.073. WSR 05-09-003, § 246-915-990, filed 4/7/05, effective 5/8/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.250. WSR 99-08-101, § 246-915-990, filed 4/6/99, effective 7/1/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280. WSR 98-05-060, § 246-915-990, filed 2/13/98, effective 3/16/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.250. WSR 91-13-002 (Order 173), § 246-915-990, filed 6/6/91, effective 7/7/91; WSR 91-05-004 (Order 128), § 246-915-990, filed 2/7/91, effective 3/10/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.040. WSR 91-02-049 (Order 121), recodified as § 246-915-990, filed 12/27/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.24.086. WSR 87-10-028 (Order PM 650), § 308-42-075, filed 5/1/87. Statutory Authority: 1983 c 168 § 12. WSR 83-17-031 (Order PL 442), § 308-42-075, filed 8/10/83. Formerly WAC 308-42-100.]



246-915-99005
Physical therapist assistant fees and renewal cycle.

(1) Licenses must be renewed every year on the practitioner's birthday as provided in chapter 246-12 WAC, Part 2.
(2) The following nonrefundable fees will be charged for physical therapist assistant:
Title of Fee
Fee
Original application
 
 
Application
$60.00
Active license renewal
 
 
License renewal
45.00
 
Late renewal penalty
45.00
 
Expired license reissuance
50.00
Inactive license renewal
 
 
License renewal
35.00
 
Expired license reissuance
50.00
Duplicate license
15.00
Verification of license
25.00
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.280. WSR 15-19-149, § 246-915-99005, filed 9/22/15, effective 1/1/16. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.250. WSR 08-13-068, § 246-915-99005, filed 6/13/08, effective 7/1/08.]