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Chapter 1.20 RCW

GENERAL PROVISIONS

RCW Sections

1.20.010 State flag.
1.20.015 Display of national and state flags.
1.20.017 Display of national league of families' POW/MIA flag.
1.20.020 State tree.
1.20.025 State grass.
1.20.030 State flower.
1.20.035 State fruit.
1.20.037 State marine mammal.
1.20.038State endemic mammal.
1.20.040 State bird.
1.20.042State fossil.
1.20.045 State fish.
1.20.047 State insect.
1.20.050 Standard time -- Daylight saving time.
1.20.051 Daylight saving time.
1.20.060 Arbor day.
1.20.070 State song.
1.20.071 State song -- Proceeds from sale.
1.20.073 State folk song.
1.20.075 State dance.
1.20.080 State seal.
1.20.090 State gem.
1.20.100 Diverse cultures and languages encouraged -- State policy.
1.20.110 State tartan.
1.20.120State arboretum.
1.20.130Preferred terminology in government documents.
1.20.140State vegetable.
1.20.150State amphibian.
1.20.160State ship.

Notes:

Design of state seal: State Constitution Art. 18 § 1.

State boundaries: State Constitution Art. 24 § 1 (Amendment 33).



1.20.010
State flag.

The official flag of the state of Washington shall be of dark green silk or bunting and shall bear in its center a reproduction of the seal of the state of Washington embroidered, printed, painted or stamped thereon. The edges of the flag may, or may not, be fringed. If a fringe is used the same shall be of gold or yellow color of the same shade as the seal. The dimensions of the flag may vary.

     The secretary of state is authorized to provide the state flag to units of the armed forces, without charge therefor, as in his or her discretion he or she deems entitled thereto. The secretary of state is further authorized to sell the state flag to any citizen at a price to be determined by the secretary of state.

[2011 c 336 § 7; 1967 ex.s. c 65 § 2; 1925 ex.s. c 85 § 1; 1923 c 174 § 1; RRS § 10964-1, RRS vol. 11, p. 399.]

Notes:

     Reviser's note: Same RRS number was also used for a section dealing with a different subject on page 110 of RRS vol. 11, pocket part.




1.20.015
Display of national and state flags.

The flag of the United States and the flag of the state shall be prominently installed, displayed and maintained in schools, court rooms and state buildings.

[1955 c 88 § 1.]

Notes:

Crimes relating to flags: Chapter 9.86 RCW.

Flag exercises in schools: RCW 28A.230.140.




1.20.017
Display of national league of families' POW/MIA flag.

(1) Each public entity shall display the national league of families' POW/MIA flag along with the flag of the United States and the flag of the state upon or near the principal building of the public entity on the following days: (a) Welcome Home Vietnam Veterans Day on March 30; (b) Armed Forces Day on the third Saturday in May; (c) Memorial Day on the last Monday in May; (d) Flag Day on June 14; (e) Independence Day on July 4; (f) National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day on July 27; (g) National POW/MIA Recognition Day on the third Friday in September; and (h) Veterans' Day on November 11. If the designated day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, then the POW/MIA flag will be displayed on the preceding Friday.

     (2) The governor's veterans affairs advisory committee shall provide information to public entities regarding the purchase and display of the POW/MIA flag upon request.

     (3) As used in this section, "public entity" means every state agency, including each institution of higher education, and every county, city, and town.

[2013 c 5 § 2; 2012 c 11 § 2; 2002 c 293 § 1.]




1.20.020
State tree.

That certain evergreen tree known and described as the western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) is hereby designated as the official tree of the state of Washington.

[1947 c 191 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 10964-120.]




1.20.025
State grass.

Agropyron spicatum, the species of natural grass commonly called "bluebunch wheatgrass," is hereby designated as the official grass of the state of Washington.

[1989 c 354 § 62.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1989 c 354: See note following RCW 15.36.012.




1.20.030
State flower.

The native species, Rhododendron macrophyllum, is hereby designated as the official flower of the state of Washington.

[1959 c 29 § 1; 1949 c 18 § 1; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 10964-200.]




1.20.035
State fruit.

The official fruit of the state of Washington is the apple.

[1989 c 354 § 63.]

Notes:

     Severability -- 1989 c 354: See note following RCW 15.36.012.




1.20.037
State marine mammal.

The orca, Orcinus orca, is hereby designated as the official marine mammal of the state of Washington.

[2005 c 51 § 2.]

Notes:

     Finding -- Intent -- 2005 c 51: "The legislature finds that many people visit Washington state to watch orcas, the orca is a significant symbol for the Native American culture, there are pods of orcas that migrate annually through Puget Sound, and the orca is easily recognizable because of its distinct markings. The legislature intends to promote orca awareness and to encourage protection of the natural marine habitat by designating the orca as the official marine mammal of the state of Washington." [2005 c 51 § 1.]




1.20.038
State endemic mammal.

The Olympic marmot, Marmota olympus, is hereby designated as the official endemic mammal of the state of Washington.

[2009 c 464 § 2.]

Notes:

     Finding -- Intent -- 2009 c 464: "The legislature finds that the Olympic marmot, the only endemic mammal in Washington state, should be designated as the state endemic mammal. The Olympic marmot inhabits the Olympic Peninsula in the western section of the state of Washington. Olympic marmots hibernate from September to May. During the morning and afternoon on summer days they feed and spend time sunbathing on rocks. In the evening, they return to their burrow. Olympic marmots are relatively easy to see during the summer months along Hurricane Ridge in the Olympic National Park. Olympic marmots eat herbs, grasses, and flowers. They prefer plants that are soft and easy to digest. They may also eat fruits, legumes, and insects.

     Olympic marmots are highly social and may live in groups of over a dozen animals. Gregarious bonds are made between individuals in a family. Olympic marmots identify each other by touching noses and smelling cheeks.

     The legislature intends to promote awareness of the Olympic marmot by designating the Olympic marmot as the official endemic mammal of the state of Washington." [2009 c 464 § 1.]




1.20.040
State bird.

The willow goldfinch is hereby designated as the official bird of the state of Washington.

[1951 c 249 § 1.]




1.20.042
State fossil.

The Columbian mammoth of North America, Mammuthus columbi, is hereby designated as the official fossil of the state of Washington.

[1998 c 129 § 2.]

Notes:

     Legislative recognition -- 1998 c 129: "The legislature recognizes that the large, hairy prehistoric elephants of the extinct genus Mammuthus roamed the North American continent, including the Pacific Northwest, during the Pleistocene epoch (ice ages)." [1998 c 129 § 1.]




1.20.045
State fish.

The species of trout commonly called "steelhead trout" (Salmo gairdnerii) is hereby designated as the official fish of the state of Washington.

[1969 c 36 § 1.]




1.20.047
State insect.

The common green darner dragonfly, Anax junius drury, is hereby designated as the official insect of the state of Washington.

[1997 c 6 § 2.]

Notes:

     Finding -- 1997 c 6: "The legislature finds that the common green darner dragonfly, Anax junius drury, can be found throughout Washington and is easily recognizable by its bright green head and thorax. The legislature further recognizes that the common green darner dragonfly, also known as the "mosquito hawk," is a beneficial contributor to our ecosystem." [1997 c 6 § 1.]




1.20.050
Standard time — Daylight saving time.

No county, city or other political subdivision of this state shall adopt any provision for the observance of daylight saving time, or any time other than standard, except pursuant to a gubernatorial proclamation declaring an emergency during a period of national war and authorizing such adoption, or unless other than standard time is established on a national basis: PROVIDED, That this section shall not apply to orders made by federal authorities in a local area entirely under federal control.

[1953 c 2 § 1 (Initiative Measure No. 181, approved November 4, 1952).]




1.20.051
Daylight saving time.

At two o'clock antemeridian Pacific Standard Time of the *last Sunday in April each year the time of the state of Washington shall be advanced one hour, and at two o'clock antemeridian Pacific Standard Time of the last Sunday in October in each year the time of the state of Washington shall, by the retarding of one hour, be returned to Pacific Standard Time.

[1963 c 14 § 1; 1961 c 3 § 1 (Initiative Measure No. 210, approved November 8, 1960).]

Notes:

     *Reviser's note: Under federal law, daylight saving time begins the second Sunday of March and ends the first Sunday of November (15 U.S.C. Sec. 260a).




1.20.060
Arbor day.

The second Wednesday in April of each year is designated as Arbor day.

[1957 c 220 § 1.]




1.20.070
State song.

The song, music and lyrics, "Washington My Home", composed by Helen Davis, is hereby designated as the official song of the state of Washington.

[1959 c 281 § 1.]




1.20.071
State song — Proceeds from sale.

All proceeds from the sale of the official song of the state as designated in RCW 1.20.070 shall be placed in the general fund.

[1973 1st ex.s. c 59 § 1; 1959 c 281 § 2.]

Notes:

     Effective date -- 1973 1st ex.s. c 59: See note following RCW 43.79.420.




1.20.073
State folk song.

The legislature recognizes that winter recreational activities are part of the folk tradition of the state of Washington. Winter recreational activities serve to turn the darkness of a northwest winter into the dawn of renewed vitality. As the winter snows dissolve into the torrents of spring, the Columbia river is nourished. The Columbia river is the pride of the northwest and the unifying geographic element of the state. In order to celebrate the river which ties the winter recreation playground of snowcapped mountains and the Yakima, Snake, and the Klickitat rivers to the ocean so blue, the legislature declares that the official state folk song is "Roll On Columbia, Roll On," composed by Woody Guthrie.

[1987 c 526 § 4.]




1.20.075
State dance.

The square dance is designated as the official dance of the state of Washington.

[1979 ex.s. c 10 § 1.]




1.20.080
State seal.

The seal of the state of Washington shall be, a seal encircled with the words: "The Seal of the State of Washington," with the vignette of General George Washington as the central figure, and beneath the vignette the figures "1889" and shall be composed as appears in the illustration below:




(RCW 1.20.080 - Illustration: State Seal)


(For the illustration, please refer to paperback RCW.)

[1967 ex.s. c 65 § 1.]




1.20.090
State gem.

Petrified wood is hereby designated as the official gem of the state of Washington.

[1975 c 8 § 1.]




1.20.100
Diverse cultures and languages encouraged — State policy.

The legislature finds that:

     (1) Diverse ethnic and linguistic communities have contributed to the social and economic prosperity of Washington state;

     (2) It is the welcomed responsibility and opportunity of this state to respect and facilitate the efforts of all cultural, ethnic, and linguistic segments of the population to become full participants in Washington communities;

     (3) This state's economic well-being depends heavily on foreign trade and international exchange and more than one out of six jobs is directly linked to foreign trade and international exchange;

     (4) If Washington is to prosper in foreign trade and international exchange, it must have citizens that are multilingual and multicultural;

     (5) While recognizing the value of a multilingual background, the state also encourages all citizens to become proficient in English to facilitate full participation of all groups into society and to promote cross-communication between multilingual groups; and

     (6) The multilingual nature of communication that currently exists in this state should be promoted to build trust and understanding among all of its citizens.

     Therefore, it shall be the policy of the state of Washington to welcome and encourage the presence of diverse cultures and the use of diverse languages in business, government, and private affairs in this state.

[1989 c 236 § 1.]

Notes:

     Construction -- 1989 c 236: "Nothing in section 1 of this act creates any right or cause of action or adds to any existing right or cause of action nor may it be relied upon to compel the establishment of any program or special entitlement." [1989 c 236 § 2.]




1.20.110
State tartan.

The Washington state tartan is hereby designated. The tartan shall have a pattern of colors, called a sett, that is made up of a green background with stripes of blue, white, yellow, red, and black. The secretary of state shall register the tartan with the Scottish Tartan Society, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.

[1991 c 62 § 1.]




1.20.120
State arboretum.

The Washington park arboretum is hereby designated as an official arboretum of the state of Washington.

[1995 c 82 § 2.]

Notes:

     Findings -- 1995 c 82: "The legislature finds that the arboreta in this state act as living museums devoted to the display and conservation of woody plant species from around the world that can grow in the Pacific Northwest. Arboreta enhance public appreciation for the aesthetic diversity of temperate woody plants; conserve both natural and cultivated woody plant taxa to preserve their diversity for future appreciation; educate the public and students concerning urban landscape use and the natural biology of temperate woody plants; and cooperate with similar institutions in this region and around the world in achieving these common goals. The legislature further finds that arboreta are of increasing importance as world biodiversity declines.

     The Washington park arboretum is a two hundred acre living museum that is managed cooperatively by the city of Seattle and the University of Washington. It is devoted to the display and conservation of collections of plants from around the world which can grow in the Pacific Northwest. These plants are used for education, research, conservation, and a sense of public pleasure. The Washington park arboretum, the oldest center for botanical and gardening learning in the Pacific Northwest, is recognized as one of the two foremost collections of woody plants in the United States of America and enjoys an excellent international reputation. The legislature finds that it is fitting and appropriate to recognize the importance of the overall mission of the Washington park arboretum." [1995 c 82 § 1.]




1.20.130
Preferred terminology in government documents.

(1) All state and local government statutes, codes, rules, regulations, and other official documents enacted after July 1, 2002, are required to use the term "Asian" when referring to persons of Asian descent. The use of the term "Oriental" is prohibited.

     (2) The legislature urges all state and local entities to review their statutes, codes, rules, regulations, and other official documents and revise them to omit the use of the term "Oriental" when referring to persons of Asian descent.

[2002 c 307 § 2.]

Notes:

     Finding -- 2002 c 307: "The legislature finds that the use of the term "Oriental" when used to refer to persons of Asian descent is outdated and pejorative. There is a need to make clear that the term "Asian" is preferred terminology, and that this more modern and nonpejorative term must be used to replace outdated terminology." [2002 c 307 § 1.]

     Effective date -- 2002 c 307: "This act takes effect July 1, 2002." [2002 c 307 § 4.]




1.20.140
State vegetable.

The Walla Walla sweet onion is designated as the official vegetable of the state of Washington.

[2007 c 137 § 1.]




1.20.150
State amphibian.

The Pacific chorus frog, Pseudacris regilla, is hereby designated as the official amphibian of the state of Washington.

[2007 c 224 § 1.]




1.20.160
State ship.

The Lady Washington is hereby designated as the official ship of the state of Washington.

[2007 c 351 § 1.]