Unsworn statements, certification — Standards for subscribing to an unsworn statement.
(1) Whenever, under any law of this state or under any rule, order, or requirement made under the law of this state, any matter in an official proceeding is required or permitted to be supported, evidenced, established, or proved by a person's sworn written statement, declaration, verification, certificate, oath, or affidavit, the matter may with like force and effect be supported, evidenced, established, or proved in the official proceeding by an unsworn written statement, declaration, verification, or certificate, which:
(a) Recites that it is certified or declared by the person to be true under penalty of perjury;
(b) Is subscribed by the person;
(c) States the date and place of its execution; and
(d) States that it is so certified or declared under the laws of the state of Washington.
(2) The certification or declaration may be in substantially the following form:
(3) For purposes of this section, a person subscribes to an unsworn written statement, declaration, verification, or certificate by:
(a) Affixing or placing his or her signature as defined in RCW 9A.04.110
on the document;
(b) Attaching or logically associating his or her digital signature or electronic signature as defined in RCW 19.34.020
to the document;
(c) Affixing or logically associating his or her signature in the manner described in general rule 30 to the document if he or she is a licensed attorney; or
(d) Affixing or logically associating his or her full name, department or agency, and badge or personnel number to any document that is electronically submitted to a court, a prosecutor, or a magistrate from an electronic device that is owned, issued, or maintained by a criminal justice agency if he or she is a law enforcement officer.
(4) This section does not apply to writings requiring an acknowledgment, depositions, oaths of office, or oaths required to be taken before a special official other than a notary public.
[2014 c 93 § 4; 1981 c 187 § 3.]
| Finding -- Intent -- 2014 c 93: See note following RCW 2.20.030.|