Health care-associated infections — Data collection and reporting — Advisory committee — Rules.
(1) The definitions in this subsection apply throughout this section unless the context clearly requires otherwise.
(a) "Health care-associated infection" means a localized or systemic condition that results from adverse reaction to the presence of an infectious agent or its toxins and that was not present or incubating at the time of admission to the hospital.
(b) "Hospital" means a health care facility licensed under chapter 70.41 RCW.
(2)(a) A hospital shall collect data related to health care-associated infections as required under this subsection (2) on the following:
(i) Beginning July 1, 2008, central line-associated bloodstream infection in the intensive care unit;
(ii) Beginning January 1, 2009, ventilator-associated pneumonia; and
(iii) Beginning January 1, 2010, surgical site infection for the following procedures:
(A) Deep sternal wound for cardiac surgery, including coronary artery bypass graft;
(B) Total hip and knee replacement surgery; and
(C) Hysterectomy, abdominal and vaginal.
(b)(i) Except as required under (b)(ii) and (c) of this subsection, a hospital must routinely collect and submit the data required to be collected under (a) of this subsection to the national healthcare safety network of the United States centers for disease control and prevention in accordance with national healthcare safety network definitions, methods, requirements, and procedures.
(ii) Until the national health care safety network releases a revised module that successfully interfaces with a majority of computer systems of Washington hospitals required to report data under (a)(iii) of this subsection or three years, whichever occurs sooner, a hospital shall monthly submit the data required to be collected under (a)(iii) of this subsection to the Washington state hospital association's quality benchmarking system instead of the national health care safety network. The department shall not include data reported to the quality benchmarking system in reports published under subsection (3)(d) of this section. The data the hospital submits to the quality benchmarking system under (b)(ii) of this subsection:
(A) Must include the number of infections and the total number of surgeries performed for each type of surgery; and
(B) Must be the basis for a report developed by the Washington state hospital association and published on its web site that compares the health care-associated infection rates for surgical site infections at individual hospitals in the state using the data reported in the previous calendar year pursuant to this subsection. The report must be published on December 1, 2010, and every year thereafter until data is again reported to the national health care safety network.
(c)(i) With respect to any of the health care-associated infection measures for which reporting is required under (a) of this subsection, the department must, by rule, require hospitals to collect and submit the data to the centers for medicare and medicaid services according to the definitions, methods, requirements, and procedures of the hospital compare program, or its successor, instead of to the national healthcare safety network, if the department determines that:
(A) The measure is available for reporting under the hospital compare program, or its successor, under substantially the same definition; and
(B) Reporting under this subsection (2)(c) will provide substantially the same information to the public.
(ii) If the department determines that reporting of a measure must be conducted under this subsection (2)(c), the department must adopt rules to implement such reporting. The department's rules must require reporting to the centers for medicare and medicaid services as soon as practicable, but not more than one hundred twenty days, after the centers for medicare and medicaid services allow hospitals to report the respective measure to the hospital compare program, or its successor. However, if the centers for medicare and medicaid services allow infection rates to be reported using the centers for disease control and prevention's national healthcare safety network, the department's rules must require reporting that reduces the burden of data reporting and minimizes changes that hospitals must make to accommodate requirements for reporting.
(d) Data collection and submission required under this subsection (2) must be overseen by a qualified individual with the appropriate level of skill and knowledge to oversee data collection and submission.
(e)(i) A hospital must release to the department, or grant the department access to, its hospital-specific information contained in the reports submitted under this subsection (2), as requested by the department.
(ii) The hospital reports obtained by the department under this subsection (2), and any of the information contained in them, are not subject to discovery by subpoena or admissible as evidence in a civil proceeding, and are not subject to public disclosure as provided in RCW 42.56.360.
(3) The department shall:
(a) Provide oversight of the health care-associated infection reporting program established in this section;
(b) By January 1, 2011, submit a report to the appropriate committees of the legislature based on the recommendations of the advisory committee established in subsection (5) of this section for additional reporting requirements related to health care-associated infections, considering the methodologies and practices of the United States centers for disease control and prevention, the centers for medicare and medicaid services, the joint commission, the national quality forum, the institute for healthcare improvement, and other relevant organizations;
(c) Delete, by rule, the reporting of categories that the department determines are no longer necessary to protect public health and safety;
(d) By December 1, 2009, and by each December 1st thereafter, prepare and publish a report on the department's web site that compares the health care-associated infection rates at individual hospitals in the state using the data reported in the previous calendar year pursuant to subsection (2) of this section. The department may update the reports quarterly. In developing a methodology for the report and determining its contents, the department shall consider the recommendations of the advisory committee established in subsection (5) of this section. The report is subject to the following:
(i) The report must disclose data in a format that does not release health information about any individual patient; and
(ii) The report must not include data if the department determines that a data set is too small or possesses other characteristics that make it otherwise unrepresentative of a hospital's particular ability to achieve a specific outcome; and
(e) Evaluate, on a regular basis, the quality and accuracy of health care-associated infection reporting required under subsection (2) of this section and the data collection, analysis, and reporting methodologies.
(4) The department may respond to requests for data and other information from the data required to be reported under subsection (2) of this section, at the requestor's expense, for special studies and analysis consistent with requirements for confidentiality of patient records.
(5)(a) The department shall establish an advisory committee which may include members representing infection control professionals and epidemiologists, licensed health care providers, nursing staff, organizations that represent health care providers and facilities, health maintenance organizations, health care payers and consumers, and the department. The advisory committee shall make recommendations to assist the department in carrying out its responsibilities under this section, including making recommendations on allowing a hospital to review and verify data to be released in the report and on excluding from the report selected data from certified critical access hospitals. Annually, beginning January 1, 2011, the advisory committee shall also make a recommendation to the department as to whether current science supports expanding presurgical screening for methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus prior to open chest cardiac, total hip, and total knee elective surgeries.
(b) In developing its recommendations, the advisory committee shall consider methodologies and practices related to health care-associated infections of the United States centers for disease control and prevention, the centers for medicare and medicaid services, the joint commission, the national quality forum, the institute for healthcare improvement, and other relevant organizations.
(6) The department shall adopt rules as necessary to carry out its responsibilities under this section.
[2010 c 113 § 1; 2009 c 244 § 2; 2007 c 261 § 2.]
| Effective date -- 2010 c 113: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [March 18, 2010]." [2010 c 113 § 2.]|
Findings -- 2007 c 261: "The legislature finds that each year health care-associated infections affect two million Americans. These infections result in the unnecessary death of ninety thousand patients and costs the health care system 4.5 billion dollars. Hospitals should be implementing evidence-based measures to reduce hospital-acquired infections. The legislature further finds the public should have access to data on outcome measures regarding hospital-acquired infections. Data reporting should be consistent with national hospital reporting standards." [2007 c 261 § 1.]