(1) Jurisdictions may establish and operate drug courts.
(2) For the purposes of this section, "drug court" means a court that has special calendars or dockets designed to achieve a reduction in recidivism and substance abuse among nonviolent, substance abusing felony and nonfelony offenders, whether adult or juvenile, by increasing their likelihood for successful rehabilitation through early, continuous, and intense judicially supervised treatment; mandatory periodic drug testing; and the use of appropriate sanctions and other rehabilitation services.
(3)(a) Any jurisdiction that seeks a state appropriation to fund a drug court program must first:
(i) Exhaust all federal funding that is available to support the operations of its drug court and associated services; and
(ii) Match, on a dollar-for-dollar basis, state moneys allocated for drug court programs with local cash or in-kind resources. Moneys allocated by the state must be used to supplement, not supplant, other federal, state, and local funds for drug court operations and associated services. However, from July 26, 2009, until June 30, 2015, no match is required for state moneys expended for the administrative and overhead costs associated with the operation of a drug court pursuant to RCW 70.96A.350.
(b) Any jurisdiction that establishes a drug court pursuant to this section shall establish minimum requirements for the participation of offenders in the program. The drug court may adopt local requirements that are more stringent than the minimum. The minimum requirements are:
(i) The offender would benefit from substance abuse treatment;
(ii) The offender has not previously been convicted of a serious violent offense or sex offense as defined in RCW 9.94A.030; and
(iii) Without regard to whether proof of any of these elements is required to convict, the offender is not currently charged with or convicted of an offense:
(A) That is a sex offense;
(B) That is a serious violent offense;
(C) During which the defendant used a firearm; or
(D) During which the defendant caused substantial or great bodily harm or death to another person.
[2013 2nd sp.s. c 4 § 952; 2013 2nd sp.s. c 4 § 951; 2013 c 257 § 5; 2009 c 445 § 2; 2006 c 339 § 106; 2005 c 504 § 504; 2002 c 290 § 13; 1999 c 197 § 9.]
| Effective dates -- 2013 2nd sp.s. c 4: See note following RCW 2.68.020.|
Findings -- Effective date -- 2013 c 257: See notes following RCW 2.28.165.
Intent -- Part headings not law -- 2006 c 339: See notes following RCW 70.96A.325.
Findings -- Intent--Severability -- Application -- Construction -- Captions, part headings, subheadings not law -- Adoption of rules -- Effective dates -- 2005 c 504: See notes following RCW 71.05.027.
Alphabetization -- Correction of references -- 2005 c 504: See note following RCW 71.05.020.
Effective date -- 2002 c 290 §§ 1, 4-6, 12, 13, 26, and 27: See note following RCW 70.96A.350.
Intent -- 2002 c 290: See note following RCW 9.94A.517.
Severability -- 2002 c 290: See RCW 9.94A.924.
Legislative recognition -- 1999 c 197: "The legislature recognizes the utility of drug court programs in reducing recidivism and assisting the courts by diverting potential offenders from the normal course of criminal trial proceedings." [1999 c 197 § 7.]
Severability -- 1999 c 197: See note following RCW 9.94A.030.